History UsefulNotes / CivilRightsMovement

28th Mar '18 7:34:19 PM Rockclaw1955
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Other people found their own glory. The Freedom Riders, for example, tested out a favorable Supreme Court decision on intercity bus stations to challenge segregation in the face of vicious resistance. That resistance included outright terrorism--such as the infamous bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, that killed four little girls--in the hopes of cowing African-Americans into submission. In 1964, the activists took it up still another level as they dared to enter the lion's mouth in Mississippi, the most virulently segregated state of them all, with "Freedom Summer". In that summer of ''Film/MississippiBurning'', idealistic northern college students, following the lead of the local activist leadership, took on the racist establishment with education, while their enemies were so afraid that they loaded up on cops and even a ''tank'' to stop them.

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Other people found their own glory. The Freedom Riders, for example, tested hopped aboard Greyhound and Trailways buses to test out a favorable Supreme Court decision on intercity bus stations to challenge segregation in the face of vicious resistance. That resistance included outright terrorism--such as the infamous bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, that killed four little girls--in the hopes of cowing African-Americans into submission. In 1964, the activists took it up still another level as they dared to enter the lion's mouth in Mississippi, the most virulently segregated state of them all, with "Freedom Summer". In that summer of ''Film/MississippiBurning'', idealistic northern college students, following the lead of the local activist leadership, took on the racist establishment with education, while their enemies were so afraid that they loaded up on cops and even a ''tank'' to stop them.
20th Mar '18 10:47:50 PM SoapheadChurch
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* Music/TheRollingStones' "[[Music/ExileOnMainSt Sweet Black Angel]]", one of the band's few overtly political songs, was written in support of civil rights leader Angela Davis.

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* Music/TheRollingStones' "[[Music/ExileOnMainSt Sweet Black Angel]]", one of the band's few overtly political songs, was written in support of civil rights leader Angela Davis.
UsefulNotes/AngelaDavis.
3rd Mar '18 7:27:11 PM Lanes17B
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* ''Film/HiddenFigures'', taking place in the [[Main/TheSixties early 1960s',]] tells the story of the main protagonists, four African-American women, as they worked as human calculators in a time when NASA was still racially segregated.
* Since ''Film/TheShapeOfWater,'' takes place in [[Main/TheSixties early 1960s']] Baltimore, the subject of institutional racism (and homophobia) comes up a few times.
7th Jan '18 1:01:34 PM glickmam
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* Also alluded to in ''Film/DirtyDancing'', when Neil Kellerman tells Baby that after the summer ends he and some friends will be going down south to freedom ride a bus.

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* Also alluded to in ''Film/DirtyDancing'', when Neil Kellerman tells Baby that after the summer ends he and some friends will be going down south to freedom ride a bus. Also alluded to even earlier in the film when the Houseman family pulls into Kellerman's and Lisa sees a guy and laments that she should have brought a certain pair of shoes along to impress him, and Dr. Houseman replies to her, "This is not a tragedy, Lisa. A tragedy is three men trapped in a mine or police dogs used in Birmingham" and which Baby also adds "Monks burning themselves in protest", a reference to another major American historical event, UsefulNotes/TheVietnamWar.
16th Dec '17 6:11:27 PM glickmam
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Added DiffLines:

* Also alluded to in ''Film/DirtyDancing'', when Neil Kellerman tells Baby that after the summer ends he and some friends will be going down south to freedom ride a bus.
24th Sep '17 9:20:00 PM NEinDC
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Added DiffLines:

[[AC:LiveActionTV]]
* The {{Creator/PBS}} [[TVDocumentary documentary]] ''Eyes on the Prize'' is a highly-acclaimed history of the movement from 1954 to the mid-1980's.
20th Sep '17 4:36:08 AM JamesAustin
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[[caption-width-right:255:Prominent figures of the African-American Civil Rights Movement. Clockwise from top left: W. E. B. Du Bois, UsefulNotes/MalcolmX, Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr.]]

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[[caption-width-right:255:Prominent figures of the African-American Civil Rights Movement. Clockwise from top left: W. E. B. Du Bois, UsefulNotes/MalcolmX, Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr.]]
UsefulNotes/MartinLutherKingJr]]



-->--'''Creator/MartinLutherKingJr''' (1929-1968)

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-->--'''Creator/MartinLutherKingJr''' (1929-1968)
-->-- '''UsefulNotes/MartinLutherKingJr'''
16th Sep '17 4:42:20 PM nombretomado
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The date when the civil rights movement started is not definitive and is still debated among historians; some credit the formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909, a few point to UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt ending racial discrimination in the federal government, others say when UsefulNotes/HarryTruman forcibly integrated the [[YanksWithTanks US Army]] during his presidency, and others point to the role of [[UsefulNotes/HistoryOfTheColdWar Soviet and Maoist funding, cultural contacts, moral support]] (even after the Sino-Soviet Split and border wars in 1960 it remained an issue they could agree on) and agitation on the behalf of African-Americans and Africans in general in the U.N. and off-the-books. Most often though, two moments in the 1950s stand out as the turning points which brought the movement together as far as catalysts go. The first one was ''Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka'', a 1954 Supreme Court ruling that struck down the controversial 1896 ''Plessy v. Fergeson'' Supreme Court ruling which legalized segregation. ''Brown'' was a 9-0 ruling that basically called out the utter hypocrisy of segregation by way of pointing out that "separate but equal" was essentially code for "white people get nice things, but black people get barely functioning, barely usable versions of what white people take for granted." Famously, Chief Justice Earl Warren's ruling stated "Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."

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The date when the civil rights movement started is not definitive and is still debated among historians; some credit the formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909, a few point to UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt ending racial discrimination in the federal government, others say when UsefulNotes/HarryTruman forcibly integrated the [[YanksWithTanks [[UsefulNotes/YanksWithTanks US Army]] during his presidency, and others point to the role of [[UsefulNotes/HistoryOfTheColdWar Soviet and Maoist funding, cultural contacts, moral support]] (even after the Sino-Soviet Split and border wars in 1960 it remained an issue they could agree on) and agitation on the behalf of African-Americans and Africans in general in the U.N. and off-the-books. Most often though, two moments in the 1950s stand out as the turning points which brought the movement together as far as catalysts go. The first one was ''Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka'', a 1954 Supreme Court ruling that struck down the controversial 1896 ''Plessy v. Fergeson'' Supreme Court ruling which legalized segregation. ''Brown'' was a 9-0 ruling that basically called out the utter hypocrisy of segregation by way of pointing out that "separate but equal" was essentially code for "white people get nice things, but black people get barely functioning, barely usable versions of what white people take for granted." Famously, Chief Justice Earl Warren's ruling stated "Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."
3rd Sep '17 10:41:39 PM Lanes17B
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* ''Film/{{Loving}}''- tells the story of Mr. and Ms. Loving and how the ruling of their supreme court case, "Loving vs. Virginia" legalized interracial marriage in 1967.
11th Jul '17 7:20:47 PM SoapheadChurch
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-->--'''Martin Luther King, Jr.''' (1929-1968)

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-->--'''Martin Luther King, Jr.''' -->--'''Creator/MartinLutherKingJr''' (1929-1968)
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