History UsefulNotes / CivilRightsMovement

24th Sep '17 9:20:00 PM NEinDC
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[[AC:LiveActionTV]]
* The {{Creator/PBS}} [[TVDocumentary documentary]] ''Eyes on the Prize'' is a highly-acclaimed history of the movement from 1954 to the mid-1980's.
20th Sep '17 4:36:08 AM JamesAustin
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[[caption-width-right:255:Prominent figures of the African-American Civil Rights Movement. Clockwise from top left: W. E. B. Du Bois, UsefulNotes/MalcolmX, Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr.]]

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[[caption-width-right:255:Prominent figures of the African-American Civil Rights Movement. Clockwise from top left: W. E. B. Du Bois, UsefulNotes/MalcolmX, Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr.]]
UsefulNotes/MartinLutherKingJr]]



-->--'''Creator/MartinLutherKingJr''' (1929-1968)

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-->--'''Creator/MartinLutherKingJr''' (1929-1968)
-->-- '''UsefulNotes/MartinLutherKingJr'''
16th Sep '17 4:42:20 PM nombretomado
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The date when the civil rights movement started is not definitive and is still debated among historians; some credit the formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909, a few point to UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt ending racial discrimination in the federal government, others say when UsefulNotes/HarryTruman forcibly integrated the [[YanksWithTanks US Army]] during his presidency, and others point to the role of [[UsefulNotes/HistoryOfTheColdWar Soviet and Maoist funding, cultural contacts, moral support]] (even after the Sino-Soviet Split and border wars in 1960 it remained an issue they could agree on) and agitation on the behalf of African-Americans and Africans in general in the U.N. and off-the-books. Most often though, two moments in the 1950s stand out as the turning points which brought the movement together as far as catalysts go. The first one was ''Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka'', a 1954 Supreme Court ruling that struck down the controversial 1896 ''Plessy v. Fergeson'' Supreme Court ruling which legalized segregation. ''Brown'' was a 9-0 ruling that basically called out the utter hypocrisy of segregation by way of pointing out that "separate but equal" was essentially code for "white people get nice things, but black people get barely functioning, barely usable versions of what white people take for granted." Famously, Chief Justice Earl Warren's ruling stated "Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."

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The date when the civil rights movement started is not definitive and is still debated among historians; some credit the formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909, a few point to UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt ending racial discrimination in the federal government, others say when UsefulNotes/HarryTruman forcibly integrated the [[YanksWithTanks [[UsefulNotes/YanksWithTanks US Army]] during his presidency, and others point to the role of [[UsefulNotes/HistoryOfTheColdWar Soviet and Maoist funding, cultural contacts, moral support]] (even after the Sino-Soviet Split and border wars in 1960 it remained an issue they could agree on) and agitation on the behalf of African-Americans and Africans in general in the U.N. and off-the-books. Most often though, two moments in the 1950s stand out as the turning points which brought the movement together as far as catalysts go. The first one was ''Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka'', a 1954 Supreme Court ruling that struck down the controversial 1896 ''Plessy v. Fergeson'' Supreme Court ruling which legalized segregation. ''Brown'' was a 9-0 ruling that basically called out the utter hypocrisy of segregation by way of pointing out that "separate but equal" was essentially code for "white people get nice things, but black people get barely functioning, barely usable versions of what white people take for granted." Famously, Chief Justice Earl Warren's ruling stated "Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."
3rd Sep '17 10:41:39 PM Lanes17B
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* ''Film/{{Loving}}''- tells the story of Mr. and Ms. Loving and how the ruling of their supreme court case, "Loving vs. Virginia" legalized interracial marriage in 1967.
11th Jul '17 7:20:47 PM SoapheadChurch
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-->--'''Martin Luther King, Jr.''' (1929-1968)

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-->--'''Martin Luther King, Jr.''' -->--'''Creator/MartinLutherKingJr''' (1929-1968)
11th Oct '16 5:51:40 PM nombretomado
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Politically, President UsefulNotes/DwightDEisenhower was infamously silent on the matter in public, though in private he supported desegregation and even authorized the use of the 101st Airborne to enforce desegregation in Arkansas, a state whose governor (Orval Faubus, not George Wallace as most people think) tried to use the National Guard to prevent black students from attending white schools. Both UsefulNotes/JohnFKennedy and UsefulNotes/LyndonJohnson were initially apprehensive about the movement, much of the Democratic Party's power base was in the South and neither wanted to alienate those supporters. However, King and company, using the tactics described above, were able to force the issue to the point where the White House had to act. Furthermore, remember that all this happened during The ColdWar and the USA became painfully aware that they were hardly going to be able to claim to be morally superior to the Communist Bloc when this racist brutality was being exposed around the world.

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Politically, President UsefulNotes/DwightDEisenhower was infamously silent on the matter in public, though in private he supported desegregation and even authorized the use of the 101st Airborne to enforce desegregation in Arkansas, a state whose governor (Orval Faubus, not George Wallace as most people think) tried to use the National Guard to prevent black students from attending white schools. Both UsefulNotes/JohnFKennedy and UsefulNotes/LyndonJohnson were initially apprehensive about the movement, much of the Democratic Party's power base was in the South and neither wanted to alienate those supporters. However, King and company, using the tactics described above, were able to force the issue to the point where the White House had to act. Furthermore, remember that all this happened during The ColdWar UsefulNotes/ColdWar and the USA became painfully aware that they were hardly going to be able to claim to be morally superior to the Communist Bloc when this racist brutality was being exposed around the world.
30th Sep '16 3:48:01 PM KizunaTallis
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* ''Literature/TheSelmaMassacre'' begins with the titular march being gunned down, and the entire movement takes an extremely violent turn.

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* ''Literature/TheSelmaMassacre'' is an AlternateHistory story that begins with the titular march being gunned down, and the entire movement takes an extremely violent turn.
5th Jul '16 6:47:48 PM Meshakhad
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* ''Literature/TheSelmaMassacre'' begins with the titular march being gunned down, and the entire movement takes an extremely violent turn.
10th Jun '16 10:30:44 PM DoctorCooper
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Meanwhile, the north had similar incidents, such as in 1957 when the African American family of Bill and Daisy Meyers attempted to move into Levittown, Pennsylvania, one of the famed suburban projects created by William Levitt to be model communities--for whites only, that is. Although they and their supporters wanted no trouble, their very presences revealed that there was a lot of foul bigotry in them Little Boxes made out of Ticky-Tacky. Thus, their summer was a living hell, with angry mobs, destructive riots, and systematic racist harassment, aided and abetted by indifferent local police that finally prompted the State authorities to step in to stop it. Throughout it all, the Meyers and their friends stuck it out to become heroes who impressed Martin Luther King and JackieRobinson among others; Daisy was not called "The Rosa Parks of the North" for nothing.

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Meanwhile, the north had similar incidents, such as in 1957 when the African American family of Bill and Daisy Meyers attempted to move into Levittown, Pennsylvania, one of the famed suburban projects created by William Levitt to be model communities--for whites only, that is. Although they and their supporters wanted no trouble, their very presences revealed that there was a lot of foul bigotry in them Little Boxes made out of Ticky-Tacky. Thus, their summer was a living hell, with angry mobs, destructive riots, and systematic racist harassment, aided and abetted by indifferent local police that finally prompted the State authorities to step in to stop it. Throughout it all, the Meyers and their friends stuck it out to become heroes who impressed Martin Luther King and JackieRobinson UsefulNotes/JackieRobinson among others; Daisy was not called "The Rosa Parks of the North" for nothing.
31st May '16 10:41:08 AM AHI-3000
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[[AC:NewspaperComics]]
* Robert (Granddad) Freeman of ''ComicStrip/TheBoondocks'' had an involvement in the movement. He still held a grudge against Rosa Parks for "stealing his thunder" (he was sitting next to her on that bus and likewise refused to give up his seat, but the bus driver was only offended by Rosa's unwillingness to move, not his), and once showed up late to a march because he knew they would bring out the hoses and figured he'd bring a raincoat. A WholeEpisodeFlashback in Season 4 shows that he was one of the Freedom Riders, but his participation was completely involuntary.


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[[AC:WesternAnimation]]
* Robert "Granddad" Freeman of ''WesternAnimation/TheBoondocks'' had an involvement in the movement. He still held a grudge against Rosa Parks for "stealing his thunder" (he was sitting next to her on that bus and likewise refused to give up his seat, but the bus driver was only offended by Rosa's unwillingness to move, not his), and once showed up late to a march because he knew they would bring out the firehoses and figured he'd bring a raincoat. A WholeEpisodeFlashback in Season 4 shows that he was one of the Freedom Riders, but his participation was completely involuntary.
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=UsefulNotes.CivilRightsMovement