History Theatre / RichardIII

16th Sep '17 9:52:58 AM Dragon101
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** Meta-example with the entire Yorkist faction other than Richard. In the preceding ''Theatre/HenryVI'' play cycle they were the villains, but (in a process beginning in the final scene of ''Henry VI, Part 3'') in this one they're all quite nice. Particularly pronounced with George, Duke of Clarence, who in the earlier plays was a fairly historically-accurate opportunistic bastard but here becomes utterly harmless and a bit of a fool.

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** Meta-example with the entire Yorkist faction other than Richard. In the preceding ''Theatre/HenryVI'' play cycle they were the villains, but (in a process beginning in the final scene of ''Henry VI, Part 3'') in this one they're all quite nice. Particularly pronounced with George, Duke of Clarence, who in the earlier plays was a fairly historically-accurate opportunistic bastard but here becomes utterly harmless and a bit of a fool.fool...though, granted, it's not like he lives very long to be otherwise.
16th Jul '17 1:37:33 PM ClintEastwood
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Sir Ian [=McKellen=] played Richard III in a [[Film/RichardIII 1995 film adaptation]] that was very well received by critics and audience alike.

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Sir Ian [=McKellen=] Creator/IanMcKellen played Richard III in a [[Film/RichardIII 1995 film adaptation]] that was very well received by critics and audience alike.


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* ArtisticLicenseHistory: Where to begin? ([[WrittenByTheWinners Admittedly, Shakespeare really didn't know any better, or couldn't afford to write Richard more sympathetically...]])
** Edward, far from being the frail old man the play depicts, died unexpectedly in his early forties. Richard admittedly did have [[DatedHistory scoliosis,]] but it only gave him a curved spine and wasn't nearly enough to be noticeable as a hunched back, and he wasn't even at court when Edward died.
** A rather dodgy case in the claim that Richard "murdered" Anne's father and (former) husband. Neither was formally put to death, and there is no mention of Richard personally killing either of them. Warwick was likely killed with his army at Barnet without ever encountering either of the York brothers on the battlefield, and Edward of Westminster has two conflicting stories regarding his death at Tewkesbury. In one, he dies with his slaughtered army. In the other, he's brought before the Yorkists, mouths off to Edward IV, and is summarily put to death along with the captured Lancastrians by the king.
** Richard also married Anne ''much'' earlier than the play suggests -- they had a ten-year-old son by the time Richard was crowned.
** Recent records found in Portugal also reveal that Richard was trying to arrange marriages to Portuguese royals for both himself and teenaged Elizabeth, contrary to claims that he planned to marry her himself. (Of course, this was done ''after'' rumors that Richard had planned to marry her had already caused a great deal of negative outcry, leading the King formally to deny any such intention.)
*** The idea was to pair himself off with the King of Portugal's sister (who unfortunately had a sincere religious vocation and would have none of it) and Elizabeth with the King's cousin, Manuel, Duke of Beja. If the latter plan had gone through, she would still have wound up a Queen - Manuel inherited the throne when the King's heir died without issue.
** Also, Richard never himself formally accused his mother of being an adulteress; his claim to the throne was based on his brother's marriage to Elizabeth Woodville being illegal due to a previous (secret) marriage to Eleanor Butler. It was Clarence who tried using the accusation of his brother's illegitimacy to gain the throne. Whether or not that was proven, Edward's long pattern of horn-dog behavior made it easy for people to believe. On the other hand, Richard's adherents (notably Dr. Ralph Shaw (or Shaa), in a public sermon given at St. Paul's Cross) had already floated rumors of the Duchess of York's misconduct, hinting that Richard resembled his father far more than Edward did.
** Also, the fate of the Princes was never certainly determined, and some years after Richard's death, Perkin Warbeck came forward claiming to be the younger prince (a claim supported by the princes' aunt Margaret of Burgundy). What ''is'' proven is that all the other heirs of the House of York were exterminated by Henry VII, except for the few killed by his son Henry VIII (one child even disappearing in a way similar to the Princes in the Tower. The only one they didn't get was Margaret, who was safely out of their reach in Burgundy.
** Buckingham's rebellion was intended to put Buckingham himself on the throne, ''not'' restore the throne to Edward V. It is possible, of course, that he knew that the young King was already dead; alternatively, the idea of a Yorkist and Woodville king might have been utterly distasteful to him, a long-time adherent of the Lancastrian cause and an embittered opponent of the Woodville faction. Buckingham quickly transferred his support to Henry Tudor, however, perhaps having been convinced of the impossibility of receiving the support either of the Yorkist nobles (as he was rebelling against the Yorkist King Richard) or of the Lancastrians (as he had been for so long identified with Richard's interests).
** Also left out are the facts that Elizabeth and her family, the Woodvilles, were not of noble lineage and were ''very'' unpopular with both nobles and commoners. The elder prince was educated by her brother and many feared that as king, Edward V would be a Woodville pawn. Additionally, both of England's previous civil wars had begun because of a child-king holding the throne, and the prospect of another one terrified the beleaguered country. Richard, as a grown man with a proven record of good governing, an heir already in place, and a reputation for being no friend of the much-disliked Woodvilles, looked like a great solution to all those problems, which is why Parliament offered him the throne. (Well, that and the Yorkist army investing London.)
** As for the body count, Richard's was fairly low compared to many monarchs of the time period.
** And "false, fleeting, perjur'd Clarence" had been part of an armed rebellion against his brother Edward, among other increasingly lunatic stunts until his judicial murder of a servant girl he accused of poisoning his wife drove the elder Edward to order his death. Richard argued ''against'' Clarence's execution despite his previous feuds with Clarence, and when the verdict was announced Richard left the court for his estate in Middleham, which is thought to be one of the reasons he was on such bad terms with the Woodvilles, blaming them for George's death. Contrary to the claims of the play, there was no belated commuting of the sentence -- Edward wanted Clarence dead, for reasons that had nothing to do with prophecies.
21st Mar '17 4:15:52 PM JuliJ90809
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[[caption-width-right:250:Now is the winter of our discontent...]]

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[[caption-width-right:250:Now is the winter of our discontent...]]
[[note]][[QuoteMine ...made glorious summer by this son of York]][[/note]]]]



With the aid of the Duke of Buckingham, and to the great delight of Lord Hastings and the rest of nobility, upon Edward IV's death his younger brother, Richard, after taking a brief detour to successfully woo the widow of a man he killed, quickly has several of the Queen's relatives arrested and executed and sends the young princes off to the Tower of London.

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With the aid of the Duke of Buckingham, and to the great delight of Lord Hastings and the rest of nobility, upon Edward IV's death his younger brother, Richard, after taking a brief detour to successfully suddenly woo the widow of a man he killed, quickly has several of the Queen's relatives arrested and executed and sends the young princes off to the Tower of London.



Once Richard murders his wife so that he might marry his niece, the remaining non-villainous members of the cast finally DO manage to notice the pattern and band together under some guy who hasn't even appeared in the play yet, and, with a night before assist from the ghosts of everyone Richard has had killed, successfully kill Richard in battle and install Henry Tudor, the Earl of Richmond, on the throne.

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Once Richard murders his wife so that he might marry his niece, the remaining non-villainous members of the cast finally DO manage to notice the pattern and band together under some guy who hasn't even appeared in the play yet, and, with a night before assist from the ghosts of everyone Richard has had killed, successfully suddenly kill Richard in battle and install Henry Tudor, the Earl of Richmond, on the throne.
18th Mar '17 2:37:05 AM ArcaneAzmadi
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* ComfortingTheWidow: Richard to Anne, with the {{squick}}tastic twist that he killed her husband and father-in-law, and she knows it. And her father-in-law's body is ''lying right there still bleeding.'' Richard claims he was [[MurderTheHypotenus driven to kill her husband by his love for her.]]

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* ComfortingTheWidow: Richard to Anne, with the {{squick}}tastic twist that he killed her husband and father-in-law, and she knows it. And her father-in-law's body is ''lying right there still bleeding.'' Richard claims he was [[MurderTheHypotenus [[MurderTheHypotenuse driven to kill her husband by his love for her.]]
18th Mar '17 2:36:49 AM ArcaneAzmadi
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* ComfortingTheWidow: Richard to Anne, with the {{squick}}tastic twist that he killed her husband and father-in-law, and she knows it. And her father-in-law's body is ''lying right there still bleeding.''

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* ComfortingTheWidow: Richard to Anne, with the {{squick}}tastic twist that he killed her husband and father-in-law, and she knows it. And her father-in-law's body is ''lying right there still bleeding.'''' Richard claims he was [[MurderTheHypotenus driven to kill her husband by his love for her.]]
31st Dec '16 10:37:56 AM jamespolk
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* EvilCripple: Richard was born prematurely, with a gnarled spine and hunchback which makes him unappealing. Poor guy can't even walk down the street without dogs growling at him. (Did Shakespeare foresee the EvilDetectingDog trope?)

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* EvilCripple: Richard was born prematurely, with a gnarled spine and hunchback which makes him unappealing. Poor guy can't even walk down the street without unappealing.
* EvilDetectingDog: Richard notes in his opening monologue that
dogs growling bark at him. (Did Shakespeare foresee the EvilDetectingDog trope?)him as he passes.
2nd Dec '16 4:17:05 PM Javertshark13
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* NeverMyFault: When he learns of Clarence's death, King Edward (who gave the order and revoked it too late) blames everyone else for not trying to talk him out of it.
24th Sep '16 4:49:14 PM nombretomado
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* CardCarryingVillain: "I am determined to prove a villain." To be sure, the root meaning of "villain" is "villein, serf" -- and just as "noble" or "gentleman" became a term of praise, so it became an insult, starting with meaning unchivalrous and crude. In Shakespeare's time, it still carried some of the connotations. So it could be interpreted as, "If everyone thinks I'm just a common thug, by golly [[ThenLetMeBeEvil I'll show them how scary a thug I can be]]". Interpret that thought how you will. (CSLewis discusses the term at length in ''Studies In Words''.)

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* CardCarryingVillain: "I am determined to prove a villain." To be sure, the root meaning of "villain" is "villein, serf" -- and just as "noble" or "gentleman" became a term of praise, so it became an insult, starting with meaning unchivalrous and crude. In Shakespeare's time, it still carried some of the connotations. So it could be interpreted as, "If everyone thinks I'm just a common thug, by golly [[ThenLetMeBeEvil I'll show them how scary a thug I can be]]". Interpret that thought how you will. (CSLewis (Creator/CSLewis discusses the term at length in ''Studies In Words''.)
7th Jun '16 1:22:03 AM Medinoc
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* MistreatmentInducedBetrayal: Buckingham helps Richard to the throne; in return, Richard promises him an extra title of nobility. When Richard refuses to grant it to him, he soliloquizes, "Made I him king for this?" and runs off to join the nascent rebellion.

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* MistreatmentInducedBetrayal: Buckingham helps Richard to the throne; in return, Richard promises him an extra title of nobility. When Richard refuses to grant it to him, he soliloquizes, "Made I him king for this?" and runs off to join the nascent rebellion.rebellion (or try to, at least).
24th Jan '16 9:19:28 AM DemonDuckofDoom
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* ProtagonistTitle
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Theatre.RichardIII