History Main / GenrePopularizer

21st Apr '17 6:00:43 AM EllaMegablast
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Basically, before these works came along, a genre either didn't exist, or was niche. Then after these works, either the genre [[FollowTheLeader became popular]], or we got loads of ripoffs which may or may not have gone FromClonesToGenre later on.

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Basically, before these works came along, a genre either didn't exist, or was niche. Then after After these works, works hit the scene, either the genre [[FollowTheLeader became popular]], or we got loads of ripoffs which may or may not have gone FromClonesToGenre later on.



Now this is ''not'' proof that a work is therefore awesome by being one of these. Some might think these works are overrated, and if NostalgiaGoggles or QualityByPopularVote are in play, they may even be right. Being an example of this ''only'' speaks to the response it gets in FollowTheLeader works, not to its quality.

See also ItsPopularNowItSucks, HypeBacklash and SeinfeldIsUnfunny for cases where all of the imitation leads to increased criticism of the popularizer, deserved or undeserved.

Compare TropeMakers, TropeCodifier, GenreTurningPoint.

Contrast GenreKiller.

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Now this Being a Genre Popularizer is ''not'' proof that a work is therefore awesome by being one of these.awesome. Some might think these works are overrated, and if NostalgiaGoggles or QualityByPopularVote are in play, they may even be right. Being an example of this ''only'' speaks to the response it gets in FollowTheLeader works, not to its quality.

See also ItsPopularNowItSucks, HypeBacklash and SeinfeldIsUnfunny for cases where all of the imitation leads to increased criticism of the popularizer, deserved or undeserved.

Compare TropeMakers, TropeCodifier, GenreTurningPoint.

GenreTurningPoint. Contrast GenreKiller.
GenreKiller.

'''Please Note:''' while some Genre Popularizers are also Trope Makers or Codifiers, [[SquarePegRoundTrope not all Trope Makers and Codifiers are Genre Popularizers]]. Keep this in mind when adding examples--just because it was the first to use a trope doesn't mean it made the trope popular.



* ''Anime/TenchiMuyo'' for the HaremGenre. Before that, there was ''Manga/RanmaOneHalf''.
* ''Manga/DragonBall'' for the FightingSeries. And for {{Shonen}}. Both ''Franchise/OnePiece'' and ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'' pay homage to ''Manga/DragonBall'' with their main characters.

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* ''Anime/TenchiMuyo'' for popularized the HaremGenre. Before that, there was ''Manga/RanmaOneHalf''.
* ''Manga/DragonBall'' for popularized the FightingSeries. And for {{Shonen}}.FightingSeries and the {{Shonen}} genre as we recognize it, focused on developing as a fighter and the triumph of JapaneseSpirit. Both ''Franchise/OnePiece'' and ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'' pay homage to ''Manga/DragonBall'' with their main characters.



* Although it wasn't the first movie about a giant rampaging animal, the 1954 film ''Film/{{Gojira}}'' was successful enough to launch the {{Kaiju}} genre of film.

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* Although it wasn't the first movie about a giant rampaging animal, the 1954 film ''Film/{{Gojira}}'' was successful enough to launch the {{Kaiju}} genre of film.film genre.



* Creator/WilliamGibson and Bruce Sterling co-authered ''Literature/TheDifferenceEngine'', which launched the SteamPunk genre.

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* Creator/WilliamGibson and Bruce Sterling co-authered co-authored ''Literature/TheDifferenceEngine'', which launched the SteamPunk genre.



* ''Magazine/AmazingStories'', the first English-language ScienceFiction PulpMagazine, "created" the genre. (The slightly earlier American pulp ''Weird Tales'' published general fantastic fiction: ScienceFiction, ghost stories, ''Horror Fiction,'' et cetera.)
* Mystery genre launches:
** The obscure Norwegian writer Maurits Hansen is credited with writing the first detective story, ''Mordet paa Maskinbygger Roolfsen'' (the murder of machinebuilder Roolfsen), two years before Poe wrote his first detective story.
*** Some credit Creator/ETAHoffmann's ''Das Fräulein von Scuderi'' (which was published 20 years before Hansens' story) to be the first detective story.
** Creator/EdgarAllanPoe wrote the first English-language detective stories. Creator/ArthurConanDoyle (creator of Sherlock Holmes) once said "Each [of Poe's detective stories] is a root from which a whole literature has developed.... Where was the detective story until Poe breathed the breath of life into it?" Although Poe's detective uses several early forensic techniques, this aspect of the genre arguably didn't fully kick off until...
** The ''Literature/SherlockHolmes'' series popularised the idea of the cerebral, aloof detective examining clues and forensic evidence in order to solve the mystery. The stories helped introduce the public to this new idea of ''studying clues and information to solve crimes'' rather than just asking people what they saw and shaking other people until a confession fell out. This was arguably true not just in mystery stories, but in real life; the Metropolitan Police, frequently dismissed up until that point as an inept and corrupt force, began to improve in success rates and public reputation upon taking some cues from these stories.
** E C Bentley's ''Trent's Last Case'' is widely credited with creating the Golden Age FairPlayWhodunnit detective novel. Something of an UnbuiltTrope case, as the title "great detective" character in it gets the mystery completely wrong.
** Creator/DashiellHammett kicked off the subgenre of "[[HardBoiledDetective hard-boiled]]" [[PrivateDetective detective]] fiction. While he didn't create the genre on his own, Hammett's works were among the first to be picked up by the public at large. Many of that genre's tropes originated or were made popular in his works, and later authors of hard-boiled fiction (notably Creator/RaymondChandler, author of the Literature/PhilipMarlowe novels) cite Hammett as the forefather of the genre.
* On the subject of detective stories, the "True Crime" genre was first created by Truman Capote in his harrowing magnum opus, ''In Cold Blood''. The true story of a vicious and senseless series of murders kicked off an interest in "real murder mysteries," one which continues even to this day.
* Creator/JRRTolkien is responsible for creating the HighFantasy genre. Despite Creator/JamesBranchCabell, [[Literature/TheWormOuroboros E. R. Eddison]], and Creator/PoulAnderson coming first, Tolkien was the gold that got cloned... And even he borrowed heavily from mythology.

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* ''Magazine/AmazingStories'', the first English-language ScienceFiction PulpMagazine, "created" created and popularized the genre. (The slightly earlier American pulp ''Weird Tales'' published general fantastic fiction: ScienceFiction, ghost stories, ''Horror Fiction,'' horror fiction, et cetera.)
* Mystery genre launches:
** The obscure Norwegian writer Maurits Hansen is credited with writing the first detective story, ''Mordet paa Maskinbygger Roolfsen'' (the murder of machinebuilder Roolfsen), two years before Poe wrote his first detective story.
*** Some credit Creator/ETAHoffmann's ''Das Fräulein von Scuderi'' (which was published 20 years before Hansens' story) to be the first detective story.
**
Creator/EdgarAllanPoe wrote the first English-language detective stories. Creator/ArthurConanDoyle (creator of Sherlock Holmes) once said "Each [of Poe's detective stories] is a root from which a whole literature has developed.... Where was the detective story until Poe breathed the breath of life into it?" Although Poe's detective uses several early forensic techniques, this aspect of the genre arguably didn't fully kick off until...
** The ''Literature/SherlockHolmes'' series popularised the idea of the cerebral, aloof detective examining clues and forensic evidence in order to solve the mystery. The stories helped introduce the public to this new idea of ''studying clues and information to solve crimes'' rather than just asking people what they saw and shaking other people up suspects until a confession fell out. This was arguably true not just in mystery stories, but in real life; life: the Metropolitan Police, frequently dismissed up until that point as an inept and corrupt force, began to improve in success rates and public reputation upon taking some cues from these stories.
** E C Bentley's ''Trent's Last Case'' is widely credited with creating the Golden Age FairPlayWhodunnit detective novel. Something of an UnbuiltTrope case, as the title "great detective" character in it gets the mystery completely wrong.
**
Creator/DashiellHammett kicked off created and popularized the subgenre of "[[HardBoiledDetective hard-boiled]]" [[PrivateDetective detective]] fiction. While he didn't create the genre on his own, Hammett's works were among the first to be picked up by the public at large. Many of that genre's tropes originated or were made popular in his works, and later authors of hard-boiled fiction (notably Creator/RaymondChandler, author of the Literature/PhilipMarlowe novels) cite Hammett as the forefather of the genre.
* On the subject of detective stories, the "True Crime" The TrueCrime genre was first created and popularized by Truman Capote in his harrowing magnum opus, ''In Cold Blood''. The true story of a vicious and senseless series of murders kicked off an interest in "real murder mysteries," one which continues even to this day.
and the genre remains startlingly popular today.
* Creator/JRRTolkien is responsible for creating popularizing the HighFantasy genre. Despite Creator/JamesBranchCabell, [[Literature/TheWormOuroboros E. R. Eddison]], and Creator/PoulAnderson coming first, Tolkien was the gold that got cloned... And cloned, and even he borrowed heavily from mythology.



* ''Literature/TheWarOfTheWorlds'' by Creator/HGWells took an existing genre speculating about foreign armies invading the United Kingdom and gave it a twist by casting as the invaders a race of [[SufficientlyAdvancedAlien highly intelligent alien beings]] invading Earth from another planet. This idea of an 'AlienInvasion' proved somewhat influential.

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* ''Literature/TheWarOfTheWorlds'' by Creator/HGWells took an existing genre speculating about foreign armies invading the United Kingdom and gave it a twist by casting as the invaders a race of [[SufficientlyAdvancedAlien highly intelligent alien beings]] invading Earth from another planet. This idea of an 'AlienInvasion' AlienInvasion proved somewhat influential.



** Along with Creator/JulesVerne it's probably fair to say that Creator/HGWells all but invented modern science fiction, or at least codified it into the form we now recognise.



* Creator/MaryShelley's ''Literature/{{Frankenstein}}'' not only kick-started modern horror, but was a proto-science fiction story as well. Two for the price of one -- not bad. She also kicked off the post-apocalyptic genre with "TheLastMan".
* Creator/HPLovecraft popularized CosmicHorrorStory, although ''The Call of Cthulhu'', ''Literature/AtTheMountainsOfMadness'' and ''The Whisperer in Darkness'' stand out.

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* Creator/MaryShelley's ''Literature/{{Frankenstein}}'' not only kick-started modern horror, but was a proto-science fiction story as well. Two for the price of one -- not bad. She also kicked off the post-apocalyptic genre with "TheLastMan".
* Creator/HPLovecraft popularized the CosmicHorrorStory, although ''The Call of Cthulhu'', ''Literature/AtTheMountainsOfMadness'' and ''The Whisperer in Darkness'' stand out.



* Similarly, ''Series/IDreamOfJeannie'' is the ancestor of the MagicalGirlfriend genre.



* ''Series/BigBrother'', while not the first RealityShow of its type, popularized it. It was itself based off ''Film/TheTrumanShow''. which was, itself based on a ''[[Series/TheTwilightZone1985 Twilight Zone]]'' episode from 1985.

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* ''Series/BigBrother'', while not the first RealityShow of its type, popularized it. It was itself based off ''Film/TheTrumanShow''. ''Film/TheTrumanShow', which was, itself based on a ''[[Series/TheTwilightZone1985 Twilight Zone]]'' episode from 1985.



* ''Series/{{CSI}}'' launched the ForensicDrama genre.
* If ''Series/{{Lost}}'' didn't start modern-day speculative fiction, then it certainly started "Weird shit with much emphasis on characters."

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* ''Series/{{CSI}}'' launched popularized the ForensicDrama genre.
* If ''Series/{{Lost}}'' didn't start popularize modern-day speculative fiction, then it certainly started "Weird "weird shit with much emphasis on characters."



* Music/VelvetUnderground and Music/FrankZappa popularized AlternativeRock.
* {{Music/Suede}}'s self-titled debut album may or may not have been the first {{Britpop}} record, but it was the first ''popular'' britpop record and thus codified and fostered the genre. Ironically, the band think little of britpop and have since tried to distance themselves from it.
* While quite a few other bands and albums had come before it, Music/KingCrimson's debut 'In the Court of the Crimson King'' was arguably the first full ProgressiveRock album (rather than the more psychedelic sound that had come with the earlier bands), and laid the foundations for the genre.
* The PostRock genre was launched by Music/{{Slint}}'s ''Spiderland'' album and Music/TalkTalk's ''Laughing Stock.''
* UK SpeedMetal band Music/{{Venom}} usually get a lot of credit for laying the roots for what is now known as extreme metal.

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* Music/VelvetUnderground Music/TheVelvetUnderground and Music/FrankZappa popularized AlternativeRock.
* {{Music/Suede}}'s self-titled debut album may or may not have been the first {{Britpop}} record, but it was the first ''popular'' britpop Britpop record and thus codified and fostered the genre. Ironically, the band think little of britpop Britpop and have since tried to distance themselves from it.
* While quite a few other bands and albums had come before it, Music/KingCrimson's debut 'In ''In the Court of the Crimson King'' was arguably the first full ProgressiveRock album (rather than the more psychedelic sound that had come with the earlier bands), and laid the foundations for the genre.
* The Although the PostRock genre was launched by codified in Music/{{Slint}}'s ''Spiderland'' album ''Spiderland,'' the genre as we recognize it wouldn't become popular ''per se'' until Music/SigurRos and Music/TalkTalk's ''Laughing Stock.''
* UK SpeedMetal band Music/{{Venom}} usually get a lot of credit for laying
Music/GodspeedYouBlackEmperor arrived on the roots for what is now known as extreme metal.scene.



* Norwegian band Music/{{Mayhem}}, and specifically their original guitarist Euronymous are usually said to have created BlackMetal as we now know it.
* Music/{{Rammstein}} is usually considered the creators of Neue Deutsche Harte, either a a sub-genre of IndustrialMetal or a fusion genre of Industrial Metal and {{Trance}}, depending on how one views it, though they originally called it dance metal. However, they are merely the [[TropeCodifier codifier.]] the actual creator was Music/{{Oomph}}, who formed five years before Rammstein.
* Music/JosephHaydn almost singlehandedly developed the sonata form and was the first big composer of the First Viennese School.

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* Norwegian band Music/{{Mayhem}}, and specifically their original guitarist Euronymous Euronymous, are usually said to have created BlackMetal as we now know it.
* Music/{{Rammstein}} is are usually considered the creators codifiers and/or popularizers of Neue Deutsche Harte, either a a sub-genre of IndustrialMetal or a fusion genre of Industrial Metal and {{Trance}}, depending on how one views it, though they it. (They originally called it dance metal. However, they are merely the [[TropeCodifier codifier.]] the metal.) The actual creator was Music/{{Oomph}}, who formed five years before Rammstein.
* Music/JosephHaydn almost singlehandedly developed and popularized the sonata form and was the first big composer of the First Viennese School.



* Music/ClaudeDebussy's "Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun" is said to be the work that truly began musical Impressionism.

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* Music/ClaudeDebussy's "Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun" is said to be the work that truly ''truly'' began musical Impressionism.



* Music/GrandmasterFlashAndTheFuriousFive help launched PoliticalRap, and before them there were 1970s political preachers such as The Last Poets and Gil Scott-Heron.

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* Music/GrandmasterFlashAndTheFuriousFive help launched PoliticalRap, and before helped to properly launch PoliticalRap. Before them there were 1970s political preachers such as The Last Poets and Gil Scott-Heron.



* Norwegian black metallers Music/{{Bathory}} switched out the over-used Satanic lyrical content of their compatriots for Myth/NorseMythology and history, creating the thematic genre viking metal.

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* Norwegian black metallers Music/{{Bathory}} switched out the over-used Satanic lyrical content of their compatriots for Myth/NorseMythology and history, creating and popularizing the thematic genre viking metal.



* Music/TheRamones unintentionally launched the PopPunk genre.
* Music/{{Burzum}} pioneered atmospheric/ambient BlackMetal, although some have pointed out that a few scattered ambient black metal projects existed before Burzum.

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* Music/TheRamones unintentionally launched created and popularized the PopPunk genre.
* Music/{{Burzum}} pioneered atmospheric/ambient BlackMetal, although some have pointed out that a few scattered ambient black metal projects existed before Burzum.Burzum, thus making him a codifier/popularizer rather than a creator.



* Any game that has Mons and you need them to form you party will be considered a Franchise/{{Pokemon}} ripoff, even if Pokémon wasn't the first game to do so.

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* Any game that has Mons and you need them to form you party a collecting mechanic will be considered a Franchise/{{Pokemon}} ripoff, even if Pokémon wasn't the first game to do so.



** ''WesternAnimation/{{Shrek}}'' ended up popularizing an all-too-common trend of CGI movies that are [[WorldOfSnark full of snark]] with [[CelebrityVoiceActor celebrity voice actors]] out the wazoo and [[ParentalBonus modern pop cultural references]] everywhere. However, the genre developed a backlash and [[Franchise/DisneyAnimatedCanon Disney]] decided to lead the charge in reviving [[GenreThrowback 90's-style animated musicals]] with ''Disney/ThePrincessAndTheFrog'' and ''Disney/{{Tangled}}''. That said, ''Tangled'' was [[NeverTrustATrailer advertised]] as a ''Shrek''-knockoff...

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** ''WesternAnimation/{{Shrek}}'' ended up popularizing an all-too-common trend of CGI movies that are [[WorldOfSnark full of snark]] with [[CelebrityVoiceActor celebrity voice actors]] out the wazoo and [[ParentalBonus modern pop cultural references]] everywhere. However, the genre developed a backlash and [[Franchise/DisneyAnimatedCanon Disney]] decided to lead the charge in reviving [[GenreThrowback 90's-style animated musicals]] with ''Disney/ThePrincessAndTheFrog'' and ''Disney/{{Tangled}}''. That said, ''Tangled'' was [[NeverTrustATrailer advertised]] as a ''Shrek''-knockoff...''Shrek'' knock-off...
16th Apr '17 12:40:52 PM nombretomado
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* ''Spacewar'' is the UrExample of the [[ShootEmUp shooter]] genre, but ''SpaceInvaders'' is the TropeMaker that launched the [[ShootEmUp shmup]] genre, with its vertical view still used in modern shoot 'em ups.

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* ''Spacewar'' is the UrExample of the [[ShootEmUp shooter]] genre, but ''SpaceInvaders'' ''VideoGame/SpaceInvaders'' is the TropeMaker that launched the [[ShootEmUp shmup]] genre, with its vertical view still used in modern shoot 'em ups.
10th Jan '17 4:33:22 PM nombretomado
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* First there was ''WebVideo/YuGiOhTheAbridgedSeries''. Then there were imitators. Now TheAbridgedSeries is a genre unto itself. SturgeonsLaw still applies, but since there are so many, there are now plenty of gems to find. So LittleKuriboh has now gotten [[TheWarOfTheAbridgedSeriesCreators into a (joke) war with the other creators]].

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* First there was ''WebVideo/YuGiOhTheAbridgedSeries''. Then there were imitators. Now TheAbridgedSeries is a genre unto itself. SturgeonsLaw still applies, but since there are so many, there are now plenty of gems to find. So LittleKuriboh Creator/LittleKuriboh has now gotten [[TheWarOfTheAbridgedSeriesCreators into a (joke) war with the other creators]].
29th Nov '16 4:05:24 PM FGHIK
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* Creator/{{Nintendo}} has stated they want this to happen with the UsefulNotes/{{Wii}} controller, as it happened with their d-pad and Atari's analog control. This is likely why they didn't raise a fuss when Sony introduced their similar motion controllers.

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* Creator/{{Nintendo}} has stated they want wanted this to happen with the UsefulNotes/{{Wii}} controller, as it happened with their d-pad and Atari's analog control. This is likely why they didn't raise a fuss when Sony introduced their similar motion controllers.
29th Nov '16 4:04:24 PM FGHIK
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* ''VideoGame/{{Doom}}'' launched the FirstPersonShooter genre, to the point that other games in the genre were simply called "''Doom''-clones" or "''Doom''-likes" before a more neutral name was coined. However, its predecessor ''VideoGame/Wolfenstein3D'' was the first really successful example of the genre.
* Creator/{{Nintendo}} has admitted they want this to happen with the UsefulNotes/{{Wii}} controller, as it happened with their d-pad and Atari's analog control. This is likely why they didn't raise a fuss when Sony introduced their motion controller.

to:

* ''VideoGame/{{Doom}}'' launched the FirstPersonShooter genre, to the point that other games in the genre were simply called "''Doom''-clones" or "''Doom''-likes" before until more innovative games needed a more neutral name was to be coined. However, its predecessor ''VideoGame/Wolfenstein3D'' was the first really successful example of the genre.
* Creator/{{Nintendo}} has admitted stated they want this to happen with the UsefulNotes/{{Wii}} controller, as it happened with their d-pad and Atari's analog control. This is likely why they didn't raise a fuss when Sony introduced their similar motion controller.controllers.
9th Nov '16 4:42:28 PM Gosicrystal
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* ''VideoGame/{{Minecraft}}'': Is very much like ''Doom'' in that while it was not the first sandbox cube building game, it was the first to make it big and inspire numerous clones and 'clones'.

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* ''VideoGame/{{Minecraft}}'': Is ''VideoGame/{{Minecraft}}'' is very much like ''Doom'' in that that, while it was not the first sandbox cube building game, it was the first to make it big and inspire numerous clones and 'clones'.
15th Oct '16 9:09:13 PM nombretomado
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* Horror web series and {{A|lternateRealityGame}}RGs were seen sporadically during the TurnOfTheMillennium, but it wasn't until ''WebVideo/MarbleHornets'' and ''Blog/JustAnotherFool'' that they really took off. Aside from more directly influencing the direction of Franchise/TheSlenderManMythos, they also inspired the creation of other horror series such as TheFearMythos.

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* Horror web series and {{A|lternateRealityGame}}RGs were seen sporadically during the TurnOfTheMillennium, but it wasn't until ''WebVideo/MarbleHornets'' and ''Blog/JustAnotherFool'' that they really took off. Aside from more directly influencing the direction of Franchise/TheSlenderManMythos, they also inspired the creation of other horror series such as TheFearMythos.Franchise/TheFearMythos.
7th Sep '16 2:08:47 AM PaulA
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* Creator/JRRTolkien is responsible for creating the HighFantasy genre. Despite Cabell, Eddison, and Creator/PoulAnderson coming first, Tolkien was the gold that got cloned... And even he borrowed heavily from mythology.

to:

* Creator/JRRTolkien is responsible for creating the HighFantasy genre. Despite Cabell, Eddison, Creator/JamesBranchCabell, [[Literature/TheWormOuroboros E. R. Eddison]], and Creator/PoulAnderson coming first, Tolkien was the gold that got cloned... And even he borrowed heavily from mythology.
26th Aug '16 11:34:25 PM rjung
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[[folder:Pinball]]
* While "pin games" existed before ''Pinball/BaffleBall,'' it was David Gottlieb's game that propelled the genre from a minor amusement novelty into a fundamental aspect of Americana. ''Baffle Ball's'' success came from a combination of challenge and affordability during TheGreatDepression; a ''Baffle Ball'' machine cost $17.50 to buy and cost only a penny to play, while competitors' machines cost over $100 and required a nickel to play. To put its popularity into perspective, Gottlieb's factory could produce 400 ''Baffle Ball'' machines a day - but he had '''75,000 orders''' to fill. The game's influence is so deep that many people misidentify ''Baffle Ball'' as the first {{Pinball}} ever made.
* Before ''Pinball/HumptyDumpty'' came along, the only action a player could perform in a pinball game was to launch the ball and (gently) nudge the machine. ''Humpty Dumpty's'' novelty came from its six red "flipper bumpers," which allowed the player to kick the ball back up the field. This innovation ''instantly'' made flipperless games obsolete -- competitors rushed flipper add-on kits for existing machines, and flippers became an industry standard just six months later.
[[/folder]]



* At the dawn of the 1980s, someone got the idea to move role-playing games onto a computer. Thus was born ''VideoGame/{{Wizardry}}'', the first WesternRPG and the direct ancestor of the EasternRPG. ''VideoGame/{{Rogue}}'' came out a year earlier, but it spawned [[{{Roguelike}} its own genre]] which had very little influence on mainstream [=RPG=]s until VideoGame/{{Diablo}} and [[VideoGame/TheElderScrollsArena Arena]].

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* At While it was not the dawn of the 1980s, someone got the idea to move first computer role-playing games onto a computer. Thus game, ''VideoGame/{{Wizardry}}'' was born ''VideoGame/{{Wizardry}}'', one of the first WesternRPG most influential titles of the golden age and the direct ancestor of the EasternRPG. EasternRPG.
** A year before ''Wizardry,'' Creator/{{Epyx}} released ''VideoGame/TempleOfApshai,'' a more direct attempt to digitize a tabletop [=RPG.=] Though it lacked ''Wizardry's'' immersive atmosphere, it was highly praised for translating the tabletop TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons experience to a personal computer; the ''Apshai'' series was popular enough to outsell both ''VideoGame/{{Ultima}}'' and ''VideoGame/{{Wizardry}}''.
**
''VideoGame/{{Rogue}}'' also came out a year earlier, but it spawned [[{{Roguelike}} its own genre]] which had very little influence on mainstream [=RPG=]s until VideoGame/{{Diablo}} and [[VideoGame/TheElderScrollsArena Arena]].
4th Aug '16 4:34:08 AM LucaEarlgrey
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** ''Batsugun'' was the first BulletHell shmup, but ''VideoGame/BattleGaregga'' was the more popular example, though ''{{Recca}}'' is responsible for the subgenre's origins as well.

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** ''Batsugun'' was the first Although BulletHell shmup, but ''VideoGame/BattleGaregga'' was shooters have been around since the more popular example, though early 90's--''Batsugun'' (1993) is one of the first such games and ''{{Recca}}'' (1992) is responsible for the subgenre's origins as well.well--there are a few games that are commonly seen as making the genre big:
*** ''VideoGame/{{Do|nPachi}}DonPachi'' (1996) set the standard for not only Creator/{{CAVE}}'s later titles, but also for the entire genre, and is credited with making bullet hell shooters more visible in arcades.
*** The first three ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'' games on Windows (''Touhou Koumakyou: Embodiment of Scarlet Devil'' (2002), ''Touhou Youyoumu: Perfect Cherry Blossom'' (2003), and ''Touhou Eiyashou: Imperishable Night'' (2004)) are known for having humanoid characters rather than military machines, bullet patterns that fit the themes of the boss characters, boss attacks that are named, and indirectly being the cause of a massive universe of fan works and {{meme|ticMutation}}s, not only further widening the popularity of the genre (especially in the West where less people are less likely to have heard of CAVE, Creator/EightingRaizing, or the like) but also setting some standards of its own, with many modern BulletHell games employing some of these iconic elements.
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Main.GenrePopularizer