History Main / ChromaKey

16th May '17 6:44:00 PM nombretomado
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* At the Walt Disney Studios, UbIwerks developed the sodium vapor process, in which the actors were filmed against a white backdrop lit with powerful sodium lights. A special prism in the camera separated the image and exposed it simultaneously on two different film stocks: regular color film, which did not pick up the sodium light, and black and white film sensitive to sodium light, which created the matte. The process was used for most Disney productions, including ''Disney/SongOfTheSouth'', ''Film/MaryPoppins'' and ''Film/TheBlackHole'', and was also used for ''Film/TheBirds'' and a number of Creator/RayHarryhausen's films. Although it provided better results than blue screen, and saved time by creating the matte simultaneously with the foreground footage, the process proved too expensive and was discontinued by the 1980s.

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* At the Walt Disney Studios, UbIwerks Creator/UbIwerks developed the sodium vapor process, in which the actors were filmed against a white backdrop lit with powerful sodium lights. A special prism in the camera separated the image and exposed it simultaneously on two different film stocks: regular color film, which did not pick up the sodium light, and black and white film sensitive to sodium light, which created the matte. The process was used for most Disney productions, including ''Disney/SongOfTheSouth'', ''Film/MaryPoppins'' and ''Film/TheBlackHole'', and was also used for ''Film/TheBirds'' and a number of Creator/RayHarryhausen's films. Although it provided better results than blue screen, and saved time by creating the matte simultaneously with the foreground footage, the process proved too expensive and was discontinued by the 1980s.
12th May '17 7:02:24 AM StFan
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[[folder: Film ]]

* The first film to use the chroma key process was ''[[Film/TheThiefOfBagdad1940 The Thief of Baghdad]]'' back in 1940. It was invented by Larry Butler, who won an Oscar for it.

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[[folder: Film ]]

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* The first film to use the chroma key process was ''[[Film/TheThiefOfBagdad1940 The ''Film/{{The Thief of Baghdad]]'' Bagdad|1940}}'' back in 1940. It was invented by Larry Butler, who won an Oscar for it.



* As did the film adaptation of ''ComicBook/SinCity'', in order to re-create all those stylistic comic-book-style backgrounds and lighting motiffs.

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* As did the film adaptation of ''ComicBook/SinCity'', ''Film/SinCity'', in order to re-create all those stylistic comic-book-style backgrounds and lighting motiffs.



** As did ''Film/{{Labyrinth}}'', in the "Chilly Down" sequence.
* TheMovie adaptation of Frank Miller's ''[[Film/ThreeHundred 300]]'' was filmed almost entirely in Chroma Key. TheMovie of Alan Moore's ''Film/{{Watchmen}}'' (by the same director) uses a combination of chroma key and traditional sets.

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** * As did ''Film/{{Labyrinth}}'', in the "Chilly Down" sequence.
* TheMovie adaptation of Frank Miller's ''[[Film/ThreeHundred 300]]'' ''Film/ThreeHundred'' was filmed almost entirely in Chroma Key. Key.
*
TheMovie of Alan Moore's ''Film/{{Watchmen}}'' (by the same director) uses a combination of chroma key and traditional sets.



*** Also in ''Film/ReturnOfTheJedi'', the only reason Luke's new lightsaber is green is because the battle that takes place on Tatooine happens to have a bright blue sky. In some early trailers, Luke's saber is blue, but they chose to change it to green so it would show up against the sky properly.
*** In the original editions of the original trilogy, you'll notice that whenever R2-D2 is in space, his panels are painted black instead of blue to accommodate the chroma key effect. This was digitally fixed years later for the special edition versions.
* In filming the first ''Film/{{Superman}}'' movie, the costume had to be teal in blue screen effects, and then color corrected after the shots were composited.
** In ''Film/SupermanIII'', there is a short instant where you can see him flying through a canyon sporting the teal outfit.
* The opening scenes of ''Film/GroundhogDay'' demonstrate this - the woman is wearing a blue blouse when she steps in front of the chroma key camera, and all that can be seen are her head and hands in front of the satellite picture.
* Quite possibly the best use of chroma key occurs throughout WaltDisney's ''Disney/DarbyOGillAndTheLittlePeople''. Two remarkable examples are the moments where Darby plays "The Fox Chase" on a fiddle to an audience of dancing leprechauns and, most notably, the Banshee sequence.

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*** ** Also in ''Film/ReturnOfTheJedi'', the only reason Luke's new lightsaber is green is because the battle that takes place on Tatooine happens to have a bright blue sky. In some early trailers, Luke's saber is blue, but they chose to change it to green so it would show up against the sky properly.
*** ** In the original editions of the original trilogy, you'll notice that whenever R2-D2 is in space, his panels are painted black instead of blue to accommodate the chroma key effect. This was digitally fixed years later for the special edition versions.
* In filming the first ''Film/{{Superman}}'' movie, the costume had to be teal in blue screen effects, and then color corrected after the shots were composited.
**
composited. In ''Film/SupermanIII'', there is a short instant where you can see him flying through a canyon sporting the teal outfit.
* The opening scenes of ''Film/GroundhogDay'' demonstrate this - -- the woman is wearing a blue blouse when she steps in front of the chroma key camera, and all that can be seen are her head and hands in front of the satellite picture.
* Quite possibly the best use of chroma key occurs throughout WaltDisney's ''Disney/DarbyOGillAndTheLittlePeople''.Creator/WaltDisney's ''Film/DarbyOGillAndTheLittlePeople''. Two remarkable examples are the moments where Darby plays "The Fox Chase" on a fiddle to an audience of dancing leprechauns and, most notably, the Banshee sequence.






[[folder: Literature ]]

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[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

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* News folk use this technique when presenting the weather, often using a special pointing device which the computer can track to appear to interact with the weatherboard by drawing lines and arrows. One particular segment has a host who enjoys taking further advantage of the technique: he wears a blue suit skeleton costume on Halloween. The potential problems associated with this technique can be averted (as with Creator/TheBBC since its news department moved to Broadcasting House) by using rear-projection on a plasma screen instead of ChromaKey.
* When Harry Caray worked at WGN covering the Chicago Cubs, during the postgame show he and the play-by-play commentator would sit in front of a blue screen showing the crowd at Wrigley Field. Caray, whose CatchPhrase was "Holy Cow!", had a little plastic cow which had some blue dots on it, making it "holey" so you could see "through" it to the shot behind them.



* ''Series/{{Sanctuary}}'' is shot almost entirely in Chroma Key. The actors and interactive props are filmed against a green screen and [=CGI=] generated backgrounds are added.

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* ''Series/{{Sanctuary}}'' is shot almost entirely in Chroma Key. The actors and interactive props are filmed against a green screen and [=CGI=] generated [=CGI=]-generated backgrounds are added.



* The British version of [[{{MTV}} MTV2]] has a flagship show called ''Gonzo'', consisting entirely of host Zane Lowe sat on a brown couch in front of a blue screen. The show is "as live" and therefore no corrections are made when items like guests' clothing match the background and disappear.

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* The British version of [[{{MTV}} [[Creator/{{MTV}} MTV2]] has a flagship show called ''Gonzo'', consisting entirely of host Zane Lowe sat on a brown couch in front of a blue screen. The show is "as live" and therefore no corrections are made when items like guests' clothing match the background and disappear.



* ''Franchise/SuperSentai'' suffers this in some of the early series, particularly ''Series/DengekiSentaiChangeman'' at the end and sporadically throughout ''Series/ChoushinseiFlashman''. By the time ''Series/HikariSentaiMaskman'' aired, the production staff no longer used it.
** More recent ''Sentai'' series abuse this for finisher attacks to give off that anime effect. Most of the explosions and sparks are overlayed through Chroma Key nowadays as well.

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* ''Franchise/SuperSentai'' suffers this in some of the early series, particularly ''Series/DengekiSentaiChangeman'' at the end and sporadically throughout ''Series/ChoushinseiFlashman''. By the time ''Series/HikariSentaiMaskman'' aired, the production staff no longer used it.
**
it. More recent ''Sentai'' series abuse this for finisher attacks to give off that anime effect. Most of the explosions and sparks are overlayed through Chroma Key nowadays as well.



* On Creator/ComedyCentralís ''Series/VivaVariety'', Mr. Laupin sings an ode to blue screen.

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* On Creator/ComedyCentralís Creator/ComedyCentral's ''Series/VivaVariety'', Mr. Laupin sings an ode to blue screen.




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* This is played with in ''Series/MythBusters'' when Adam was so drunk he hung a green screen to inspire him while he ran on a treadmill, then realized only the audience could see the effects. All he could see was green screen.



[[folder: Music ]]

* The music video "Music/ShineOnMe" by Chris Dane Owens abuses the hell out of it.
** Or, as the page puts it, abuses it "like a free bag of heroin."

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[[folder: Music ]]

[[folder:Music Videos]]
* The music video "Music/ShineOnMe" by Chris Dane Owens abuses the hell out of it.
**
it. Or, as the page puts it, abuses it "like a free bag of heroin."






[[folder: Theme Parks ]]

* Both ''Ride/EarthquakeTheBigOne'' and ''Ride/{{Disaster}}'' at [[Ride/UniversalStudios Universal Studios Florida]] had entire segments dedicated to showing how blue screen effects are utilized in movies, with guest participants being used for the demonstration.

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[[folder: Theme Parks ]]

[[folder:Theme Parks]]
* Both ''Ride/EarthquakeTheBigOne'' and ''Ride/{{Disaster}}'' at [[Ride/UniversalStudios Universal Studios Florida]] had have entire segments dedicated to showing how blue screen effects are utilized in movies, with guest participants being used for the demonstration.




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* Here's a tip. At a couple of tourist spots like the John Hancock Center in Chicago, they may have a green screen backdrop that you stand in front of so that a souvenir photo can be taken of you. Wear a shirt matching the color of the chroma screen. When you look at your souvenir photo on the 94th floor sometime later, prepare to laugh out loud seeing that the Chicago skyline imposed in the background also has been imposed onto your shirt.



[[folder: Video Games ]]

* The FMV for ''VideoGame/WingCommander III: Heart of the Tiger'' was filmed exclusively on greenscreen, predating Star Wars by a good half a decade (and stealing Creator/MarkHamill from them while they were at it). ''[=WC4=]'' made the shift to actual sets.

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[[folder: Video Games ]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* The FMV for ''VideoGame/WingCommander III: Heart of the Tiger'' was filmed exclusively on greenscreen, predating Star Wars ''Star Wars'' by a good half a decade (and stealing Creator/MarkHamill from them while they were at it). ''[=WC4=]'' made the shift to actual sets.



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[[folder: Web Original ]]

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[[folder:Web Original]]



* [[WebVideo/TheAngryJoeShow Angry Joe]] uses it as his background.
* [[WebVideo/TheSpoonyExperiment The Spoony One]] will bring it out every once in a while for their skits in reviews.

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* [[WebVideo/TheAngryJoeShow ''WebVideo/TheAngryJoeShow'': Angry Joe]] Joe uses it as his background.
* [[WebVideo/TheSpoonyExperiment ''WebVideo/TheSpoonyExperiment'': The Spoony One]] One will bring it out every once in a while for their skits in reviews.



--> '''Karen Walnut:''' I am really actually here in dinosaur times, which as we talked about last week is black and white because of the effects of time travel.

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--> '''Karen -->'''Karen Walnut:''' I am really actually here in dinosaur times, which as we talked about last week is black and white because of the effects of time travel.



[[folder: Western Animation ]]

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[[folder: Western Animation ]]
[[folder:Western Animation]]







[[folder: Other ]]

* News folk use this technique when presenting the weather, often using a special pointing device which the computer can track to appear to interact with the weatherboard by drawing lines and arrows. One particular segment has a host who enjoys taking further advantage of the technique: he wears a blue suit skeleton costume on Halloween.
** The potential problems associated with this technique can be averted (as with Creator/TheBBC since its news department moved to Broadcasting House) by using rear-projection on a plasma screen instead of ChromaKey.
* When Harry Caray worked at WGN covering the Chicago Cubs, during the postgame show he and the play-by-play commentator would sit in front of a blue screen showing the crowd at Wrigley Field. Caray, whose CatchPhrase was "Holy Cow!", had a little plastic cow which had some blue dots on it, making it "holey" so you could see "through" it to the shot behind them.
* Here's a tip. At a couple of tourist spots like the John Hancock Center in Chicago, they may have a green screen backdrop that you stand in front of so that a souvenir photo can be taken of you. Wear a shirt matching the color of the chroma screen. When you look at your souvenir photo on the 94th floor sometime later, prepare to laugh out loud seeing that the Chicago skyline imposed in the background also has been imposed onto your shirt.
* This is played with in ''Series/MythBusters'' when Adam was so drunk he hung a green screen to inspire him while he ran on a treadmill, then realized only the audience could see the effects. All he could see was green screen.

[[/folder]]
15th Apr '17 6:28:28 PM nombretomado
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* E!'s ''TheSoup'' (and its predecessor ''Talk Soup'') is videotaped entirely in front of a green screen. This led to a particularly memorable incident when a guest wore a pair of Italian flag briefs, which made it appear as if a portion of his pelvis was missing.

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* E!'s ''TheSoup'' ''Series/TheSoup'' (and its predecessor ''Talk Soup'') is videotaped entirely in front of a green screen. This led to a particularly memorable incident when a guest wore a pair of Italian flag briefs, which made it appear as if a portion of his pelvis was missing.
13th Apr '17 6:22:23 AM Doug86
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** The potential problems associated with this technique can be averted (as with TheBBC since its news department moved to Broadcasting House) by using rear-projection on a plasma screen instead of ChromaKey.

to:

** The potential problems associated with this technique can be averted (as with TheBBC Creator/TheBBC since its news department moved to Broadcasting House) by using rear-projection on a plasma screen instead of ChromaKey.
18th Mar '17 8:28:10 AM SpacemanSpoof
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* One of the improv games in ''Series/WhoseLineIsItAnyway'' was "Newscasters", in which one actor (usually Colin) would play a field reporter in front of a green screen. The other actors, who could see the background scene in a monitor, would play news anchors asking the reporter questions about the scene. Hilarity (and sometimes squick) frequently ensued.
7th Feb '17 9:08:10 PM LeeM
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Added DiffLines:

** The potential problems associated with this technique can be averted (as with TheBBC since its news department moved to Broadcasting House) by using rear-projection on a plasma screen instead of ChromaKey.
5th Feb '17 8:17:12 PM bwburke94
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* When Harry Carey worked at WGN covering the Chicago Cubs, during the postgame show he and the play-by-play commentator would sit in front of a blue screen showing the crowd at Wrigley Field. Carey, whose CatchPhrase was "Holy Cow!", had a little plastic cow which had some blue dots on it, making it "holey" so you could see "through" it to the shot behind them.

to:

* When Harry Carey Caray worked at WGN covering the Chicago Cubs, during the postgame show he and the play-by-play commentator would sit in front of a blue screen showing the crowd at Wrigley Field. Carey, Caray, whose CatchPhrase was "Holy Cow!", had a little plastic cow which had some blue dots on it, making it "holey" so you could see "through" it to the shot behind them.



* Part of the trope we in ThisWiki know as RTPStylePeriodPieceLocationShooting.
* This is played with in Mythbusters when Adam was so drunk he hung a green screen to inspire him while he ran on a treadmill, then realized only the audience could see the effects. All he could see was green screen.

to:

* Part of the trope we in ThisWiki know as RTPStylePeriodPieceLocationShooting.
* This is played with in Mythbusters ''Series/MythBusters'' when Adam was so drunk he hung a green screen to inspire him while he ran on a treadmill, then realized only the audience could see the effects. All he could see was green screen.
8th Nov '16 6:48:31 AM Anddrix
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* Creator/TimBurton's ''Film/AliceInWonderland'' used this extensively. The sets seem to consist of nothing but green walls in the proper shape, along with platforms. Only things the human characters touched actually existed on the set, and most seemed to be green and were textured via CG (The Tea Table seemed to be an exception, due to the hatter walking on and knocking stuff off). The staff comments in the "Making Of" stated it was an "Odd Mix" of Full CGI (too many to list), motion capture characters with the actor's head pasted on, normal actors human (mainly Alice), and edited normal actors (the Red Queen and her giant head).

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* Creator/TimBurton's ''Film/AliceInWonderland'' ''Film/AliceInWonderland2010'' used this extensively. The sets seem to consist of nothing but green walls in the proper shape, along with platforms. Only things the human characters touched actually existed on the set, and most seemed to be green and were textured via CG (The Tea Table seemed to be an exception, due to the hatter walking on and knocking stuff off). The staff comments in the "Making Of" stated it was an "Odd Mix" of Full CGI (too many to list), motion capture characters with the actor's head pasted on, normal actors human (mainly Alice), and edited normal actors (the Red Queen and her giant head).
21st Sep '16 4:09:54 AM TheAmazingBlachman
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-->-- '''[[Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000 Mike Nelson]]''', ''Film/PumaMan''

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-->-- '''[[Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000 Mike Nelson]]''', Nelson]]''' on ''Film/PumaMan''
20th Sep '16 4:37:42 PM RAS310
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* The ''VideoGame/JustDance'' series and its various spinoffs uses chroma-keyed footage of human dancers against themed rendered backgrounds that are usually animated to sync with the song and/or the dancers' movements. In the occasion where a dancer's outfit or costume must be green, such as a costume of Slimer from ''[[Film/Ghostbusters1984 Ghostbusters]]'', it is designed for the filming with a different color (usually blue) in place of the green and then recolored for the actual video.
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