History Main / Changelingtale

29th Jun '16 1:06:42 PM StFan
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[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

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[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]
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[[folder: Comics ]]

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[[folder: Comics ]]
[[folder:Card Games]]
* Like many fairy tale tropes, this is referenced in the ''Lorwyn'' expansion for ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering'', on the card [[http://gatherer.wizards.com/Pages/Card/Details.aspx?multiverseid=143380 Crib Swap]].
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[[folder:Comic Books]]



* In ''Comicbook/SuburbanGlamour'' ([[{{Glamour}} pun intended]]) the teenage protagonist learns that she's a literal changeling, and is the daughter of Fae royalty. She's initially elated to have the chance to get out of her dull, miserable life in a small middle-of-nowhere English village, but soon comes to realize that her Fae family are controlling and distant, and that [[WhatTheHellHero they did abandon her for seventeen years without any explanation]] and as such have no right to barge into her life and start making demands of her. She decides to remain with her human parents, who at least love and respect her even if they don't always understand her.

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* In ''Comicbook/SuburbanGlamour'' ''ComicBook/SuburbanGlamour'' ([[{{Glamour}} pun intended]]) the teenage protagonist learns that she's a literal changeling, and is the daughter of Fae royalty. She's initially elated to have the chance to get out of her dull, miserable life in a small middle-of-nowhere English village, but soon comes to realize that her Fae family are controlling and distant, and that [[WhatTheHellHero they did abandon her for seventeen years without any explanation]] and as such have no right to barge into her life and start making demands of her. She decides to remain with her human parents, who at least love and respect her even if they don't always understand her.



* In the ''Comicbook/{{Avengers}}'' {{Elseworld}} ''Avataars: Covenant of the Shield'', those who develop strange powers in their childhood with no obvious cause are believed by the superstitious to have been "exchanged" for a fairy child, and are therefore known as [[Comicbook/XMen X-Changelings]].

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* In the ''Comicbook/{{Avengers}}'' ''ComicBook/{{Avengers}}'' {{Elseworld}} ''Avataars: Covenant of the Shield'', those who develop strange powers in their childhood with no obvious cause are believed by the superstitious to have been "exchanged" for a fairy child, and are therefore known as [[Comicbook/XMen X-Changelings]].






[[folder: Fanfiction]]

* FanFic/IntoTheHedge starts off with one, with the Cutie Mark Crusaders being kidnapped, and then replaced by fetches.
* Fanfic/MirrorsImage has Queen Chrysalis replace [[spoiler: a stillborn Twilight Sparkle]] with her daughter in order to ensure she has a family to feed her with their [[EmotionEater love]].

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[[folder: Fanfiction]]

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* FanFic/IntoTheHedge ''FanFic/IntoTheHedge'' starts off with one, with the Cutie Mark Crusaders being kidnapped, and then replaced by fetches.
* Fanfic/MirrorsImage ''Fanfic/MirrorsImage'' has Queen Chrysalis replace [[spoiler: a [[spoiler:a stillborn Twilight Sparkle]] with her daughter in order to ensure she has a family to feed her with their [[EmotionEater love]].
love]].



[[folder: Film ]]

* ''Film/{{Changeling}}'' (2008) is a modern version of the same ancient fear, with TheFairFolk replaced by [[SevenBasicConflicts society]] as the antagonist.
* ''Film/PansLabyrinth''. Although Ofelia rather loves her human mother, and seems to have loved her long-dead father, it's presented as an unambiguously better thing to live in the underworld full of magic. Mostly because dad is dead, mom is very weak-willed, and new stepdad is a zealous fascist. Unlike most examples, Guillermo del Toro actually takes into account [[HumansAreTheRealMonsters the implications of such a statement]].

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[[folder: Film ]]

* ''Film/{{Changeling}}'' (2008) is a modern version of the same ancient fear, with TheFairFolk replaced by [[SevenBasicConflicts society]] as the antagonist.
* ''Film/PansLabyrinth''. Although Ofelia rather loves her human mother, and seems to have loved her long-dead father, it's presented as an unambiguously better thing to live in the underworld full of magic. Mostly because dad is dead, mom is very weak-willed, and new stepdad is a zealous fascist. Unlike most examples, Guillermo del Toro actually takes into account [[HumansAreTheRealMonsters the implications of such a statement]].
[[folder:Films -- Animation]]



* ''Film/{{Labyrinth}}'': "I wish the Goblin King would come and take you away, right now." BeCarefulWhatYouWishFor, Sarah...




[[folder: Literature ]]

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\n[[folder: Literature ]]\n[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* ''Film/{{Changeling}}'' (2008) is a modern version of the same ancient fear, with TheFairFolk replaced by [[SevenBasicConflicts society]] as the antagonist.
* ''Film/PansLabyrinth''. Although Ofelia rather loves her human mother, and seems to have loved her long-dead father, it's presented as an unambiguously better thing to live in the underworld full of magic. Mostly because dad is dead, mom is very weak-willed, and new stepdad is a zealous fascist. Unlike most examples, Guillermo del Toro actually takes into account [[HumansAreTheRealMonsters the implications of such a statement]].
* ''Film/{{Labyrinth}}'': "I wish the Goblin King would come and take you away, right now." BeCarefulWhatYouWishFor, Sarah...
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]



* RogerZelazny's 1980 novel ''Changeling'' has its plot built on this trope, and its sequel, ''Madwand''. It's a subversion of the typical "ChangelingFantasy" because Pol (né Daniel) acknowledges that the family that raised him was nothing but supportive, and openly admits that his real father was a terrible man when he went off the deep end.

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* RogerZelazny's Creator/RogerZelazny's 1980 novel ''Changeling'' has its plot built on this trope, and its sequel, ''Madwand''. It's a subversion of the typical "ChangelingFantasy" because Pol (né Daniel) acknowledges that the family that raised him was nothing but supportive, and openly admits that his real father was a terrible man when he went off the deep end.



* Laurell K. Hamilton being a stickler for mythological accuracy, this is mentioned in passing in the ''Literature/MerryGentry'' series, but is not practiced by any of the Fey living in the United States, [[EverybodyHasLotsOfSex since it might interfere with the driving plot]].[[note]]Another reason the fey in the ''Merry Gentry'' series might not kidnap people is because they don't want humans ''hating'' them. Their powers are failing. [[spoiler:[[OhCrap Or they were...]]]][[/note]]

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* Laurell K. Hamilton being a stickler for mythological accuracy, this is mentioned in passing in the ''Literature/MerryGentry'' series, but is not practiced by any of the Fey living in the United States, [[EverybodyHasLotsOfSex since it might interfere with the driving plot]].[[note]]Another Another reason the fey in the ''Merry Gentry'' series might not kidnap people is because they don't want humans ''hating'' them. Their powers are failing. [[spoiler:[[OhCrap Or they were...]]]][[/note]]]]]]



* In the [[YoungAdultLiterature YA]] fantasy ''Poison'', the heroine's baby sister is kidnapped and replaced by a changeling, kicking off her quest. [[spoiler: It's actually all part of the Hierophant's {{plan}} to recruit her as his heir, and her sister is actually returned as soon as she sets off--as the girl Poison passes on the boat.]]

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* In the [[YoungAdultLiterature YA]] YoungAdultLiterature fantasy ''Poison'', the heroine's baby sister is kidnapped and replaced by a changeling, kicking off her quest. [[spoiler: It's actually all part of the Hierophant's {{plan}} to recruit her as his heir, and her sister is actually returned as soon as she sets off--as the girl Poison passes on the boat.]]



* In Brenna Yovanoff's debut ''The Replacement'', the main character Mackie is a changeling (or a castoff, or a child left in someone else's bed...the Morrigan gives a lot of names). There is a rather sinister purpose to the child-switching here. The faeries (although they're never named as such) don't want a pet or anything nice like that. No, what they want is a child for the Lady to sacrifice. What's more, the fae kids who get switched into the human world usually don't survive, due to their weaksauce weaknesses of being allergic to iron and blood. Mackie only survived to high school because his older sister loved him so much. The kid who was switched with his girlfriend's little sister? Not so lucky. She does show up in the book, but [[spoiler: as a revenant to be re-switched for Natalie]]

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* In Brenna Yovanoff's debut ''The Replacement'', the main character Mackie is a changeling (or a castoff, or a child left in someone else's bed... the Morrigan gives a lot of names). There is a rather sinister purpose to the child-switching here. The faeries (although they're never named as such) don't want a pet or anything nice like that. No, what they want is a child for the Lady to sacrifice. What's more, the fae kids who get switched into the human world usually don't survive, due to their weaksauce weaknesses of being allergic to iron and blood. Mackie only survived to high school because his older sister loved him so much. The kid who was switched with his girlfriend's little sister? Not so lucky. She does show up in the book, but [[spoiler: as a revenant to be re-switched for Natalie]]



* "The Changeling" by Swedish author Selma Lagerlof - in her version of the myth, a human mother saves her own child from being mistreated by the trolls because she cares so well for the troll-child they left her. Her son later returns.
* ''The Stolen Child'' by Keith Donohue is all about this trope - from the viewpoints of the changeling as well as of the stolen child. And there's a kicker; it's an apparently endless cycle, each stolen child eventually becoming a changeling in turn, having to steal and replace someone else's child in order to return to the normal world: sort of an "Our Changelings Are Different" take on the concept.

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* "The Changeling" by Swedish author Selma Lagerlof - -- in her version of the myth, a human mother saves her own child from being mistreated by the trolls because she cares so well for the troll-child they left her. Her son later returns.
* ''The Stolen Child'' by Keith Donohue is all about this trope - -- from the viewpoints of the changeling as well as of the stolen child. And there's a kicker; it's an apparently endless cycle, each stolen child eventually becoming a changeling in turn, having to steal and replace someone else's child in order to return to the normal world: sort of an "Our Changelings Are Different" take on the concept.



* Literature/TheEnchantmentEmporium has Joe the Leprechaun. He live in the human realm because his family wanted a mortal child "for entertainment". At the beginning of the book, Joe is taking a portion to prevent 'fading away'- also known as "being called home"- since the Human side of the trade died and the potion keeps him anchored; he ''really'' doesn't want to go back to a family that abandoned him. (And the human may have died of old age. Even if that means Joe [[YoungerThanTheyLook looks 30 and may be 80-90]], he still has spent most of his life among people and not Leprechauns.)

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* Literature/TheEnchantmentEmporium ''Literature/TheEnchantmentEmporium'' has Joe the Leprechaun. He live in the human realm because his family wanted a mortal child "for entertainment". At the beginning of the book, Joe is taking a portion to prevent 'fading away'- "fading away" -- also known as "being called home"- home" -- since the Human side of the trade died and the potion keeps him anchored; he ''really'' doesn't want to go back to a family that abandoned him. (And the human may have died of old age. Even if that means Joe [[YoungerThanTheyLook looks 30 and may be 80-90]], he still has spent most of his life among people and not Leprechauns.)



[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* An episode of ''Series/LawAndOrderSpecialVictimsUnit'' did a piece on a woman with Capgras syndrome (see below). The suspect, a video game addict with a BastardBoyfriend, kept her daughter [[Literature/HarryPotter under the stairwell]] and refused to believe she was real, but had been [[{{Doppelganger}} replaced with another]] -- unless she only heard her daughter's voice. But the minute she saw her daughter, the delusion would set in again.

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[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* An episode of ''Series/LawAndOrderSpecialVictimsUnit'' did has a piece on a woman with Capgras syndrome (see below). The suspect, a video game addict with a BastardBoyfriend, kept her daughter [[Literature/HarryPotter under the stairwell]] and refused to believe she was real, but had been [[{{Doppelganger}} replaced with another]] -- unless she only heard her daughter's voice. But the minute she saw her daughter, the delusion would set in again.



* An episode of Creator/TheBBC's ''{{Series/Merlin}}'' has a variation on this one, in which a princess is not replaced, but is possessed by a Sidhe in infancy, as part of a plot to put a Sidhe on the throne of Camelot. The princess doesn't know the Sidhe is inside her, although its presence makes her very clumsy and uncoordinated. The plot is that once she's married Prince Arthur the Sidhe will take her over completely.
* ''{{Series/Highlander}}'' has Duncan being called a changeling by people in his clan, as he was found as a baby after his parents' true child died at birth. There's no proof immortals were really changelings.

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* An episode of Creator/TheBBC's ''{{Series/Merlin}}'' ''Series/{{Merlin|2008}}'' has a variation on this one, in which a princess is not replaced, but is possessed by a Sidhe in infancy, as part of a plot to put a Sidhe on the throne of Camelot. The princess doesn't know the Sidhe is inside her, although its presence makes her very clumsy and uncoordinated. The plot is that once she's married Prince Arthur the Sidhe will take her over completely.
* ''{{Series/Highlander}}'' ''Series/{{Highlander}}'' has Duncan being called a changeling by people in his clan, as he was found as a baby after his parents' true child died at birth. There's no proof immortals were really changelings.






[[folder: Mythology and Folklore ]]

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[[folder: Mythology and Folklore ]]
[[folder:Myths & Religion]]



[[folder: Music ]]

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[[folder: Music ]]
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[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]

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[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]
[[folder:Tabletop Games]]



* ''ArsMagica''. Faeries do the standard "kidnap children and replace them with changelings" routine.
* Like many fairy tale tropes, this is referenced in the ''Lorwyn'' expansion for ''MagicTheGathering'', on the card [[http://gatherer.wizards.com/Pages/Card/Details.aspx?multiverseid=143380 Crib Swap]].

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* ''ArsMagica''. ''TabletopGame/ArsMagica''. Faeries do the standard "kidnap children and replace them with changelings" routine.
* Like many fairy tale tropes, this is referenced in the ''Lorwyn'' expansion for ''MagicTheGathering'', on the card [[http://gatherer.wizards.com/Pages/Card/Details.aspx?multiverseid=143380 Crib Swap]].
routine.






[[folder: Video Games ]]

* The InteractiveFiction game ''TheWarblersNest'' is about a woman trying to figure out if her baby is a changeling or not. [[spoiler:There are two possible endings to the game, but both [[MaybeMagicMaybeMundane leave it ambiguous]] as to whether the baby is truly a changeling or her mother is simply cracking under the stress of taking care of it.]]
* In ''TalesOfSymphonia'' [[spoiler:Kilia]] is this. [[spoiler:The party returns to Palmacosta only to discover that Governor-General Dorr has been working with the Desians in order to acquire a cure for his wife, who has been transformed into a monster]] prompting a ReasonYouSuckSpeech from Lloyd. [[spoiler:Dorr]] is then stabbed in the back by [[spoiler:Kilia, who reveals herself as a doppleganger.]] leading to his death after the ensuing boss fight. [[spoiler:It turns out the real Kilia died some time ago, and the fake one replaced her in order to keep an eye on Dorr, and monitor the experiments at the ranch from behind the scenes.]]
* In ''TalesOfTheAbyss'', this happens to [[spoiler:Luke Fon Fabre. He was kidnapped from his home, and replaced with a Replica copy. The copy is revealed to be he character the player knows as Luke. The original Luke never returns to his old life, becoming the God General Asch the Bloody]].

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[[folder: Video Games ]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* The InteractiveFiction game ''TheWarblersNest'' ''VideoGame/TheWarblersNest'' is about a woman trying to figure out if her baby is a changeling or not. [[spoiler:There are two possible endings to the game, but both [[MaybeMagicMaybeMundane leave it ambiguous]] as to whether the baby is truly a changeling or her mother is simply cracking under the stress of taking care of it.]]
* In ''TalesOfSymphonia'' ''VideoGame/TalesOfSymphonia'' [[spoiler:Kilia]] is this. [[spoiler:The party returns to Palmacosta only to discover that Governor-General Dorr has been working with the Desians in order to acquire a cure for his wife, who has been transformed into a monster]] prompting a ReasonYouSuckSpeech from Lloyd. [[spoiler:Dorr]] is then stabbed in the back by [[spoiler:Kilia, who reveals herself as a doppleganger.]] leading to his death after the ensuing boss fight. [[spoiler:It turns out the real Kilia died some time ago, and the fake one replaced her in order to keep an eye on Dorr, and monitor the experiments at the ranch from behind the scenes.]]
* In ''TalesOfTheAbyss'', ''VideoGame/TalesOfTheAbyss'', this happens to [[spoiler:Luke Fon Fabre. He was kidnapped from his home, and replaced with a Replica copy. The copy is revealed to be he character the player knows as Luke. The original Luke never returns to his old life, becoming the God General Asch the Bloody]].






[[folder: Web Comics ]]

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[[folder: Web Comics ]]
[[folder:Web Animation]]
* In the claymation short ''[[http://www.foxedmovie.com/theshortfilm/ Foxed]]'', a little girl is kidnapped by fox-like creatures and forced to work in a mine. She escapes and finds a one-way window into her house, where she sees that one of the foxes has replaced her.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Comics]]






[[folder: Web Original ]]

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[[folder: Web Original ]]
[[folder:Web Original]]



* This trope is used interestingly in one of the illustrations of [[http://keithwormwood.deviantart.com/gallery/?offset=24#/d87tkr The Warden]] by Website/{{DeviantART}}ist Keith Thompson, where the Fey Folk's custom of stealing away babies and replacing them with their own as a spiteful taunt to the oblivious parents [[HoistByTheirOwnPetard BITES THEM BACK IN THE ASS HARD]]. The Warden was one of the fairy dopplegangers who, as a result of the constant patience, love and compassion given by his elderly human parents, turned on his own kind in bitter grief after their deaths with the intent to dish out the same sorrow the Fey Folk doled out so generously. He now spends the rest of his days capturing Fey Folk and strapping them to his body, savoring their pleas as they waste away.
* [[InvokedTrope Invoked]] in the backstory of ''{{Literature/Moonflowers}}'', where a traditionally-minded Irish town tries to kill one of their own people (the homosexual Owen) by claiming that he's a fairy changeling. It's stated several times that nobody actually believed it: Owen was ''twenty years old,'' had never showed signs of actual [[TheFairFolk Folk lineage]] like being burned by iron, and nobody even bothered testing him to confirm the claims. [[BrokenAce Owen is now bitter, snarky, and prone to violent bursts of anger.]]
* Literature/TheEnchantmentEmporium has Joe the Leprechaun. In his case he has to take a a potion that keeps him from fading away in response to 'the call home', which is only happening because the human part of the swap died[[note]]Which, potentially, makes Joe [[YoungerThanTheyLook 80-90 years old]], if the human died of old age[[/note]]. Joe doesn't want to go, since he's lived most of his life with humans and feels abandoned by the homeland.
* In the claymation short [[http://www.foxedmovie.com/theshortfilm/ Foxed]] a little girl was kidnapped by fox-like creatures and forced to work in a mine. She escapes and finds a one-way window into her house, where she sees that one of the foxes has replaced her.

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* This trope is used interestingly in one of the illustrations of [[http://keithwormwood.deviantart.com/gallery/?offset=24#/d87tkr The Warden]] by Website/{{DeviantART}}ist Website/{{DeviantArt}}ist Keith Thompson, where the Fey Folk's custom of stealing away babies and replacing them with their own as a spiteful taunt to the oblivious parents [[HoistByTheirOwnPetard BITES THEM BACK IN THE ASS HARD]]. The Warden was one of the fairy dopplegangers who, as a result of the constant patience, love and compassion given by his elderly human parents, turned on his own kind in bitter grief after their deaths with the intent to dish out the same sorrow the Fey Folk doled out so generously. He now spends the rest of his days capturing Fey Folk and strapping them to his body, savoring their pleas as they waste away.
* [[InvokedTrope Invoked]] {{Invoked|Trope}} in the backstory of ''{{Literature/Moonflowers}}'', ''Literature/{{Moonflowers}}'', where a traditionally-minded Irish town tries to kill one of their own people (the homosexual Owen) by claiming that he's a fairy changeling. It's stated several times that nobody actually believed it: Owen was ''twenty years old,'' had never showed signs of actual [[TheFairFolk Folk lineage]] like being burned by iron, and nobody even bothered testing him to confirm the claims. [[BrokenAce Owen is now bitter, snarky, and prone to violent bursts of anger.]]
* Literature/TheEnchantmentEmporium has Joe the Leprechaun. In his case he has to take a a potion that keeps him from fading away in response to 'the call home', which is only happening because the human part of the swap died[[note]]Which, potentially, makes Joe [[YoungerThanTheyLook 80-90 years old]], if the human died of old age[[/note]]. Joe doesn't want to go, since he's lived most of his life with humans and feels abandoned by the homeland.
* In the claymation short [[http://www.foxedmovie.com/theshortfilm/ Foxed]] a little girl was kidnapped by fox-like creatures and forced to work in a mine. She escapes and finds a one-way window into her house, where she sees that one of the foxes has replaced her.
]]



[[folder: Western Animation ]]

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[[folder: Western Animation ]]
[[folder:Western Animation]]



* WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic uses the term "Changeling" to describe a race of shape-shifting [[BeePeople bug ponies]] [[ThePowerOfLove that feed off of love]]. While they don't go around kidnapping children and replacing them with their young [[EpilepticTrees (as far as we know)]], they did [[spoiler:kidnap Princess Cadence on her wedding day so they could replace her with a doppelganger]].
* On ''WesternAnimation/{{Gargoyles}}'', the son of David Xanatos and Fox was the target of an intended abduction by Oberon and Titania, who'd planned to raise young Alexander in their own realm. Averted when [[spoiler: Fox, in desperation, managed to call up the inborn magic she'd unknowingly inherited from Titania, proving that Alex could likewise grow up on Earth and still develop his own fey-blooded powers]].

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* WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' uses the term "Changeling" to describe a race of shape-shifting [[BeePeople bug ponies]] [[ThePowerOfLove that feed off of love]]. While they don't go around kidnapping children and replacing them with their young [[EpilepticTrees (as far as we know)]], they did [[spoiler:kidnap Princess Cadence on her wedding day so they could replace her with a doppelganger]].
* On ''WesternAnimation/{{Gargoyles}}'', the son of David Xanatos and Fox was the target of an intended abduction by Oberon and Titania, who'd planned to raise young Alexander in their own realm. Averted when [[spoiler: Fox, [[spoiler:Fox, in desperation, managed manages to call up the inborn magic she'd unknowingly inherited from Titania, proving that Alex could likewise grow up on Earth and still develop his own fey-blooded powers]].
powers]].



[[folder: Real Life ]]

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[[folder: Real Life ]]
[[folder:Real Life]]



* There is another medical phenomenon that fuels this, known as [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capgras_delusion the Capgras Delusion]]. Basically, a person with a specific brain injury thinks that their child (or another relative) is not theirs, has been replaced by a {{doppelganger}} who [[TheOtherDarrin looks alike]], and cannot be convinced otherwise (in the age of mythology, [[HandWave elves]] would be a convenient explanation). It was referenced in ''The Man Who Mistook His Wife For A Hat''.
* Common characteristics of autism, which frequently don't manifest for several months after birth, include: Difficulty empathizing with others (or realizing when they're harming or at least offending someone else), rigid adherence to a series of seemingly nonsensical rules, trouble telling lies, sensitivity to loud noises (i.e. church bells), slow to develop creativity, and the lack of facial expressions mean it takes longer to develop wrinkles giving the illusion of youth. Any of those traits sound [[Analysis/TheFairFolk familiar?]]
** Even today, the (spurious) link between infant vaccination and autism has shades of this trope, where parents feel that their child was perfectly normal before science "took him away" and now caution other parents to stay vigilant.
* The closest equivalent to real-world changelings is [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brood_parasite Brood Parasitism]], practised by half of the species of cuckoos. They replace another species of bird's egg with their own, tricking the parents that the impostor is their own child. This relieves the cuckoo from the investment of rearing young or building nests, enabling them to spend more time foraging, producing offspring, etc. Despite the cuckoo chick not resembling the "parents" at all (and are sometimes even ''bigger'' than the "parents"), the strategy works fairly often since most birds are just that stupid. If the host birds do get a clue and remove the cuckoo egg, the adult cuckoos (who occasionally check up on their eggs) will attack them and destroy their nests. Cuckoos basically run an egg protection racket as a "cuckoo mafia".
** There are fish species that do the same thing, sneakily laying their eggs among those of other fish that engage in parental care.
* Spare a thought for poor, doomed Bridget Cleary, who in 1895 was murdered by her husband because he believed her to be a fairy changeling. Already a topic of contention in her small village in County Tipperary (she was proudly of independent means and had had no children in the eight years she had been married to her husband) at the age of 26 she fell deathly ill- to the point when the priest was called in to perform the last rites. Relatives complained that the nearly-dead Bridget was "much changed" and "not herself" (apparently unfamiliar with the concept of delirium), and so her husband Michael became convinced she had been replaced by a weak and sickly changeling. Soon the whole village was surrounding the cottage, chanting, force-feeding her milk with herbs, pouring human urine on her (a popular fairy repellent, apparently), and eventually holding her over the fire and prodding her with a red-hot poker. Again and again she was asked if she was the wife of Michael Cleary, and again and again she said yes. She eventually disappeared, and the villagers naturally assumed she had gone off with the fairies. But no; her charred corpse was uncovered a few days later in a shallow grave. The coroner ruled that she had been burned alive, and Michael said that yes, he had burned her alive, but had not killed his wife; he had driven the fairy changeling away, and his real wife would be waiting by the fairy fort on a white horse. She never turned up and he was sentenced to 15 years in prison. To this day, Irish children often chant, "Are you a witch or are you a fairy? Are you the wife of Michael Cleary?" There is, rather oddly, an Irish folk band called Burning Bridget Cleary.

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* There is another medical phenomenon that fuels this, known as [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capgras_delusion the Capgras Delusion]]. Basically, a person with a specific brain injury thinks that their child (or another relative) is not theirs, has been replaced by a {{doppelganger}} who [[TheOtherDarrin looks alike]], and cannot be convinced otherwise (in the age of mythology, [[HandWave elves]] would be a convenient explanation). It was referenced in ''The Man Who Mistook His Wife For A for a Hat''.
* Common characteristics of autism, which frequently don't manifest for several months after birth, include: Difficulty empathizing with others (or realizing when they're harming or at least offending someone else), rigid adherence to a series of seemingly nonsensical rules, trouble telling lies, sensitivity to loud noises (i.e. church bells), slow to develop creativity, and the lack of facial expressions mean it takes longer to develop wrinkles giving the illusion of youth. Any of those traits sound [[Analysis/TheFairFolk familiar?]]
**
familiar?]] Even today, the (spurious) link between infant vaccination and autism has shades of this trope, where parents feel that their child was perfectly normal before science "took him away" and now caution other parents to stay vigilant.
* The closest equivalent to real-world changelings is [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brood_parasite Brood Parasitism]], practised practiced by half of the species of cuckoos. They replace another species of bird's egg with their own, tricking the parents that the impostor is their own child. This relieves the cuckoo from the investment of rearing young or building nests, enabling them to spend more time foraging, producing offspring, etc. Despite the cuckoo chick not resembling the "parents" at all (and are sometimes even ''bigger'' than the "parents"), the strategy works fairly often since most birds are just that stupid. If the host birds do get a clue and remove the cuckoo egg, the adult cuckoos (who occasionally check up on their eggs) will attack them and destroy their nests. Cuckoos basically run an egg protection racket as a "cuckoo mafia".
** * There are fish species that do the same thing, sneakily laying their eggs among those of other fish that engage in parental care.
* Spare a thought for poor, doomed Bridget Cleary, who in 1895 was murdered by her husband because he believed her to be a fairy changeling. Already a topic of contention in her small village in County Tipperary (she was proudly of independent means and had had no children in the eight years she had been married to her husband) at the age of 26 she fell deathly ill- ill -- to the point when the priest was called in to perform the last rites. Relatives complained that the nearly-dead Bridget was "much changed" and "not herself" (apparently unfamiliar with the concept of delirium), and so her husband Michael became convinced she had been replaced by a weak and sickly changeling. Soon the whole village was surrounding the cottage, chanting, force-feeding her milk with herbs, pouring human urine on her (a popular fairy repellent, apparently), and eventually holding her over the fire and prodding her with a red-hot poker. Again and again she was asked if she was the wife of Michael Cleary, and again and again she said yes. She eventually disappeared, and the villagers naturally assumed she had gone off with the fairies. But no; her charred corpse was uncovered a few days later in a shallow grave. The coroner ruled that she had been burned alive, and Michael said that yes, he had burned her alive, but had not killed his wife; he had driven the fairy changeling away, and his real wife would be waiting by the fairy fort on a white horse. She never turned up and he was sentenced to 15 years in prison. To this day, Irish children often chant, "Are you a witch or are you a fairy? Are you the wife of Michael Cleary?" There is, rather oddly, an Irish folk band called Burning Bridget Cleary. \n
21st Jun '16 6:43:03 PM gewunomox
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* While it certainly seems to be metaphorical, "Changeling" by TheDoors drunkenly plays this trope out.

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* While it certainly seems to be metaphorical, "Changeling" by TheDoors Music/TheDoors drunkenly plays this trope out.
12th Jun '16 6:19:11 AM Morgenthaler
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[[quoteright:200:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/changelings.jpg]]
7th Jun '16 4:36:35 PM eroock
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[[AC:For the film, see ''Film/{{Changeling}}''. Not to be confused with ''Film/TheChangeling''. For the tabletop games, see ''TabletopGame/ChangelingTheLost'' and ''TabletopGame/ChangelingTheDreaming''.]]
7th Jun '16 4:35:38 PM eroock
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->For the film, see ''Film/{{Changeling}}''. Not to be confused with ''Film/TheChangeling''. For the tabletop games, see ''TabletopGame/ChangelingTheLost'' and ''TabletopGame/ChangelingTheDreaming''.

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->For [[AC:For the film, see ''Film/{{Changeling}}''. Not to be confused with ''Film/TheChangeling''. For the tabletop games, see ''TabletopGame/ChangelingTheLost'' and ''TabletopGame/ChangelingTheDreaming''.
''TabletopGame/ChangelingTheDreaming''.]]
30th May '16 8:48:54 PM Doug86
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* In AndreNorton's ''Literature/DreadCompanion'', Bartare triumphantly recounts that although human lands have shaped her body, she is where she belongs when TheFairFolk take her.

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* In AndreNorton's Creator/AndreNorton's ''Literature/DreadCompanion'', Bartare triumphantly recounts that although human lands have shaped her body, she is where she belongs when TheFairFolk take her.
19th May '16 1:07:42 PM Leid
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* In ''Manga/MahouTsukaiNoYome'', Shannon is a changeling who was swapped out with a human boy named Shanahan. As she explains most changelings are killed or abandon the human world when discovered, but hers were rather understanding and left her alive. She only discovered that she wasn't human when she stopped aging and Shanahan came to visit her, having become a fae himself after being in their realm for so long. She ended up marrying him and returning to the fae realm after her co-workers noticed her longevity.
19th May '16 6:30:03 AM Morgenthaler
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* In Creator/TadWilliams' novel ''TheWarOfTheFlowers'', it is revealed that [[spoiler: Theo is actually a changeling baby that the fairies replaced his parents' real son with, while the human child is taken to the fairy world and becomes an EnfantTerrible]].

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* In Creator/TadWilliams' novel ''TheWarOfTheFlowers'', ''Literature/TheWarOfTheFlowers'', it is revealed that [[spoiler: Theo is actually a changeling baby that the fairies replaced his parents' real son with, while the human child is taken to the fairy world and becomes an EnfantTerrible]].
3rd May '16 7:42:14 AM TheOneWhoTropes
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The earliest fairy tale versions are OlderThanPrint. Contrast MosesInTheBullrushes, where the parents do the switching. See also {{Foundling}}. Compare [[Myth/ClassicalMythology Persephone]], YearOutsideHourInside, and its inverse YearInsideHourOutside.

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The earliest fairy tale versions are OlderThanPrint. Contrast MosesInTheBullrushes, MosesInTheBulrushes, where the parents do the switching. See also {{Foundling}}. Compare [[Myth/ClassicalMythology Persephone]], YearOutsideHourInside, and its inverse YearInsideHourOutside.
26th Apr '16 11:18:33 AM GothicProphet
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* In ''MAnga/{{Berserk}}'', a young girl named Rosine offers up her parents' lives to the Godhand to become a fairy (or rather, a demon that takes the form of a fairy). She then makes the same offer to other children, transforming them into insectile pseudodemons that can ''look'' like fairies (to the disgust of Puck, an actual elf). Her mistake is trying to make the offer to her former best friend, Jill, because said friend happens to have just met series protagonist Guts, a former mercenary on a RoaringRampageOfRevenge [[DemonSlaying against all demonkind]] following the horrors of the Eclipse.

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* In ''MAnga/{{Berserk}}'', ''Manga/{{Berserk}}'', a young girl named Rosine offers up her parents' lives to the Godhand to become a fairy (or rather, a demon that takes the form of a fairy). She then makes the same offer to other children, transforming them into insectile pseudodemons that can ''look'' like fairies (to the disgust of Puck, an actual elf). Her mistake is trying to make the offer to her former best friend, Jill, because said friend happens to have just met series protagonist Guts, a former mercenary on a RoaringRampageOfRevenge [[DemonSlaying against all demonkind]] following the horrors of the Eclipse.



* Heather Alexander's ''Changeling Child'' is about this.

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* Heather Alexander's Dale's ''Changeling Child'' is about this.
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