History Main / BalkanizeMe

9th Jul '17 11:01:16 AM nombretomado
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* After the Battle of Austerlitz in 1806, the Holy Roman Empire collapsed in to two halves: Prussia and the "Confederation of the Rhine"; after WW2, when the former Allies failed to agree on the nature of a re-unified Germany, the Western Allies (Britain, France and the US) created the German Federal Republic from their half, prompting Soviet premier Krushchev to remark "So, all we have to show for 150 years of history is the re-creation of the Confederation of the Rhine".

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* After the Battle of Austerlitz in 1806, the Holy Roman Empire collapsed in to two halves: Prussia and the "Confederation of the Rhine"; after WW2, [=WW2=], when the former Allies failed to agree on the nature of a re-unified Germany, the Western Allies (Britain, France and the US) created the German Federal Republic from their half, prompting Soviet premier Krushchev to remark "So, all we have to show for 150 years of history is the re-creation of the Confederation of the Rhine".
24th Jun '17 6:51:04 PM Paireon
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* ''TabletopGame/{{Shadowrun}}'' in addition to suffering from the DividedStatesOfAmerica has a large amount of Balkanization occurring, mostly as the result of famine, disease, PostModernMagik favoring rebellious oppressed groups, and other such things. This allows Megacorporations to assume more power then national entities.

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* ''TabletopGame/{{Shadowrun}}'' in addition to suffering from the DividedStatesOfAmerica (and Canada) has a large amount of Balkanization occurring, mostly as the result of famine, disease, PostModernMagik favoring rebellious oppressed groups, and other such things. This allows Megacorporations to assume more power then than national entities.



* ''TabletopGame/{{Rifts}}'', by comparison, partially avoids this only because most places are too wild to ''become'' nations, or the ones that do forms tend to quickly fill the old borders and then some. One notable exception being Japan, which is split into a High-tech time-displaced remnant of Pre-Rifts Japan, an anti-technology Empire of Samurai (who ironically, actually ''like'' the previously-mentioned Republic), a much meaner High-tech Shogunate, a kingdom of [[strike:Demons]]Oni, and a few scattered nations besides.
* ''TabletopGame/{{GURPS}} TabletopGame/TranshumanSpace'' has a few examples, but probably the most balkanized country is Canada. The core of the country is still called Canada, and the rest are Quebec, Newfoundland, the Maritimes (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island), Nanavut, the ABC Republic (Alberta and British Columbia), and the Free City of Montreal. Quebec, Newfoundland and the Maritimes are members of UsefulNotes/TheEuropeanUnion; ABC is a member of the Pacific Rim Alliance.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Risk}}''. This is really only done to provide game balance, as there isn't really much backstory to a simple board game. The extent of Balkanization is rather vague in ''Risk 2210 A.D.'', where one might believe ''every single individual territory'' to be a separate country.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Eberron}}'' had the kingdom Galifar, which split into five nations due to a succession dispute. This was followed by an inconclusive war lasting 102 years, during which other lands seceded.

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** Despite all of this, some regions do invert the trend: Northern Latin America is mostly split between Amazonia (Brazil plus the Guianas, Venezuela and most of Colombia) and Aztlan (Mexico plus continental Central America and the rest of Colombia, [[MexicoCalledTheyWantTexasBack plus Southwest Texas]], and North Africa and the Middle East has The Algerian Theocracy (which includes Tunisia and most of Libya), Egypt (which absorbed the more Arab/Muslim parts of Sudan), The Saud Caliphate (which covers the whole Arabian peninsula, Kuwait and Jordan) and Iran/the Persian Empire (which absorbed Armenia, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, and all the Central Asian republics save Kazakhstan).
* ''TabletopGame/{{Rifts}}'', by comparison, partially avoids this only because most places are too wild to ''become'' nations, or the ones that do forms tend to quickly fill the old borders and then some. One notable exception being Japan, which is split into a High-tech time-displaced remnant of Pre-Rifts Japan, an anti-technology Empire of Samurai (who ironically, actually ''like'' the previously-mentioned Republic), a much meaner High-tech (with a smattering of {{Magitek}}) Shogunate, a kingdom of [[strike:Demons]]Oni, and a few scattered nations besides.
* ''TabletopGame/{{GURPS}} TabletopGame/TranshumanSpace'' has a few examples, but probably the most balkanized country is Canada. The core of the country is still called Canada, and the rest are Quebec, Newfoundland, the Maritimes (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island), Nanavut, Nunavut, the ABC Republic (Alberta and British Columbia), and the Free City of Montreal. Quebec, Newfoundland and the Maritimes are members of UsefulNotes/TheEuropeanUnion; ABC is a member of the Pacific Rim Alliance.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Risk}}''. This is really only done to provide game balance, as there isn't really much backstory to a simple board game. The extent of Balkanization is rather vague in ''Risk 2210 A.D.'', where one might believe ''every single individual territory'' to be a separate country.
country (which would also mean that several places are inversions, such as most of South America and Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia). The two Koreas are also reunited.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Eberron}}'' had the kingdom of Galifar, which split into five nations due to a [[SuccessionCrisis succession dispute. dispute]]. This was followed by an inconclusive war lasting 102 years, during which other lands seceded.seceded from the core five.



** The backstory also has the original Star League, which was shattered into the Successor Houses by the First Succession War.



* The Eldar Empire of ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'' spanned the entire galaxy before the heart of the empire was swallowed by the [[NegativeSpaceWedgie Eye of Terror]]. Some Eldar crewed independent, planet-sized spaceships called Craftworlds, some depraved individuals fled into the settlements in the Webway and formed a horrifying civilisation built on slavery and torture, some fled to worlds on the edges of the empire and formed Luddite colonies, and some simply took to roaming the galaxy as bands of raiders and pirates. The massive cultural differences which have emerged between these divergent Eldar factions over the centuries mean the Eldar race will probably never again be united as they used to be.

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* The Eldar Empire of ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'' spanned the entire galaxy before the heart of the empire was swallowed by the [[NegativeSpaceWedgie Eye of Terror]]. Some Eldar crewed independent, planet-sized spaceships called Craftworlds, some depraved individuals fled into the settlements in the Webway and formed a horrifying civilisation built on slavery and torture, some fled to worlds on the edges of the empire and formed Luddite colonies, and some simply took to roaming the galaxy as bands of raiders and pirates. The massive cultural differences which have emerged between these divergent Eldar factions over the centuries millenia mean the Eldar race will probably never again be united as they used to be.



* ''SupremeRuler 2020'' has done this with pretty much the entire world (though some countries are slightly bigger, such as Belgium and Luxembourg forming one country.
* The air-buccaneering game ''VideoGame/CrimsonSkies''--based on a tabletop game whose source books go into greater detail than the videogames--is set in a balkanized 1930s USA made up of several independent nations and micronations, as well as significant protectorates of European powers (mainly Britain and Nazi Germany). Russia has also split in the setting between White Russia and Red Russia who are both primarily focused on their own cold war they're having with each other.

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* ''SupremeRuler 2020'' has done this with pretty much the entire world (though some countries are slightly bigger, such as Belgium and Luxembourg forming one country.
country).
* The air-buccaneering game ''VideoGame/CrimsonSkies''--based on a tabletop game [[AllThereInTheManual whose source books go into greater detail than the videogames--is videogames]] - FASA (who created the tabletop game, as well as Battletech and Shadowrun) seem to love this trope--is set in a balkanized 1930s USA made up of several independent nations and micronations, as well as significant protectorates of European powers (mainly Britain and Nazi Germany). Russia has also split in the setting between White Russia and Red Russia who are both primarily focused on their own cold war they're having with each other.



* ''VideoGame/ShatteredUnion'' the Washington DC was destroyed by a terrorist attack that the states divided into 6 factions with the European Union occupying the remains of DC, Hawaii staying neutral, and [[RussiaCalledTheyWantAlaskaBack Alaska being invaded by Russia]].

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* In ''VideoGame/ShatteredUnion'' the Washington DC was destroyed by a terrorist attack that and the states divided into 6 factions with the European Union occupying the remains of DC, Hawaii staying neutral, and [[RussiaCalledTheyWantAlaskaBack Alaska being invaded by Russia]].



* Parodied and taken to the illogical extreme in the Website/AlternateHistoryDotCom timeline [[http://alternatehistory.com/discussion/showthread.php?t=154637 Leaves in the Wind]], which records the Balkanization of ''Liechtenstein''!

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* Parodied and [[ExaggeratedTrope taken to the illogical extreme extreme]] in the Website/AlternateHistoryDotCom timeline [[http://alternatehistory.com/discussion/showthread.php?t=154637 Leaves in the Wind]], which records the Balkanization of ''Liechtenstein''!



** France coastal regions, along with its colonial empire, are now separated from the former metropolis.

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** France France's coastal regions, along with its colonial empire, are now separated from the former metropolis.metropole.



* The term [[TropeNamer stems from the fragmentation of the Ottoman Empire]] (specifically, in the Balkans) which was happening throughout the 19th and 20th centuries.
** The same would later happen to Turkey's archrival, the Habsburg Empire.

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* The term [[TropeNamer stems from the fragmentation of the Ottoman Empire]] (specifically, in the Balkans) which was happening throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries.
** The same would later happen to Turkey's archrival, the Habsburg Empire.Empire, in mostly the same region.



*** Also, Krakow and Lwow joined the rest of newly-independent Poland (though the latter would become part of Ukraine after WWII) and Transylvania joined with Romania (which at the time also included most of modern-day Moldova).

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*** Also, Krakow and Lwow joined the rest of newly-independent Poland (though the latter would become part of Ukraine after WWII) and Transylvania joined with Romania (which at the time also included most of modern-day Moldova).Moldova and the small bit of Ukraine to its South).



** In fact, one solution for war-torn Iraq proposed by, among other people, Joe Biden was to divide it into a Kurdish north, a secular/Sunni middle-&-west including Baghdad, and a Shi'a south; this solution was vetoed by Turkey (who don't want a ''de jure'' independent Kurdistan on their doorstep) and nation-building advocates in the US and Israel (who worried about a Shi'a-Arab-only state aligning itself with also-Shi'a Iran).
* Since UsefulNotes/AlexanderTheGreat left no heir and no instructions for a regency (and his only son Alexander IV born after his death was quickly assassinated), his Macedonian Empire fractured after his death in 323 BC. Once the dust cleared (after ''forty years''), it was divided among his generals: Macedon (Cassander / Alexander's native Greece), the Ptolemaic Kingdom (Ptolemy I Soter / modern-day Egypt), the Seleucid Empire (Seleucis I Nicator / modern-day Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Israel/Palestine), and the Kingdom of Pergamon (Lysimachus / modern-day Bulgaria, eastern Greece and European Turkey).
* The theme of a SpaceFillingEmpire's decay resulting into anarchy and division into fragmented interwarring states is one of the most recognizable patterns throughout history. The Persian Empire, UsefulNotes/TheRomanEmpire, the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire, the Byzantine Empire, the Spanish Empire, the French Empire, UsefulNotes/TheBritishEmpire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire the list can go on.....
* In China it's considered the "Mandate of Heaven" that eventually a dynasty will become corrupt, break down into warring states, and be reunified into a new dynasty due to the cycle repeating itself for 4000 years. This was of course very convenient, as it both gave justification for imperial rule (Heaven favors this person to run the country) while also justifying revolt and rebellion through explaining the corruption that dynasties inevitably suffer over time. This historical pattern happened to them so frequently that it became ''constitutional''. Summed up in the opening line to RomanceOfTheThreeKingdoms: "The empire, long divided, must unite; long united, must divide." In modern times China remains divided between the People's Republic of China (mainland) and the Republic of China (Taiwan), while there are separatist movements within the mainland in both Tibet and Xinjiang, provinces which are Autonomous Regions only in name.

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** In fact, one solution for war-torn Iraq proposed by, among other people, Joe Biden was to divide it into a Kurdish north, a secular/Sunni middle-&-west including Baghdad, and a Shi'a south; this solution was vetoed by Turkey (who don't want a ''de jure'' independent Kurdistan on their doorstep) doorstep due to their own troubles RE Kurdish nationalists) and nation-building advocates in the US and Israel (who worried about a Shi'a-Arab-only state aligning itself with also-Shi'a Iran).
Iran). Of course, one could argue keeping it as one nation hasn't really worked much better...
* Since UsefulNotes/AlexanderTheGreat left no heir and no instructions for a regency (and his only son Alexander IV born after his death was quickly assassinated), his Macedonian Empire fractured after his death in 323 BC. Once the dust cleared (after ''forty years''), it was divided among his generals: Macedon (Cassander / Alexander's native Greece), the Ptolemaic Kingdom (Ptolemy I Soter / modern-day Egypt), the Seleucid Empire (Seleucis I Nicator / modern-day Iran, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Israel/Palestine), and the Kingdom of Pergamon (Lysimachus / modern-day Bulgaria, eastern Greece and European Turkey).
* The theme of a SpaceFillingEmpire's decay resulting into anarchy and division into fragmented interwarring states is one of the most recognizable patterns throughout history. The Persian Empire, Empire (several times from classical antiquity to early modern times), UsefulNotes/TheRomanEmpire, the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire, the Byzantine Empire, the Spanish Empire, the French Empire, UsefulNotes/TheBritishEmpire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire the list can go on.....
on......
* In China it's considered the "Mandate of Heaven" that eventually a dynasty will become corrupt, break down into warring states, and be reunified into a new dynasty due to the cycle repeating itself for 4000 years. This was of course very convenient, as it both gave justification for imperial rule (Heaven favors this person to run the country) while also justifying revolt and rebellion through explaining the corruption that dynasties inevitably suffer over time. This historical pattern happened to them so frequently that it became ''constitutional''. Summed up in the opening line to RomanceOfTheThreeKingdoms: "The empire, long divided, must unite; long united, must divide." In modern times China remains divided between the People's Republic of China (mainland) and the Republic of China (Taiwan), while there are separatist movements within the mainland in both Tibet and Xinjiang, provinces which are Autonomous Regions only in name.InNameOnly.



** Ironically enough, most of these further balkanizations have been under the auspices of Russia in order to weaken the states that broke away, but also with a plausible reason most such territories are populated by minority ethnic groups and were semi-autonomous regions during the Soviet era, but lost the privilege once assimilated into the new republics. As is the case with Ossetia and Abkhazia, their local populations were willing to fight to retain autonomy. Russia's autonomous oblasts retain their status, perhaps a lesson learned from the infighting within the breakaway states.

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** Ironically enough, most of these further balkanizations have been under the auspices of Russia in order to weaken the states that broke away, but also with a plausible reason most such territories are populated by minority ethnic groups and were semi-autonomous regions during the Soviet era, but lost the privilege once assimilated into the new republics. As is the case with South Ossetia and Abkhazia, their local populations were willing to fight to retain autonomy. Russia's autonomous oblasts retain their status, perhaps a lesson learned from the infighting within the breakaway states.



* Germany, to varying degrees in history. It spent several centuries as at least 300 states under one theoretical state, which decreased to around 20, both legally and in practice (though bound in an alliance), followed by a shrinking number until there were two left (as far as Germans of the time saw it). After a short period of unification (75 years), it was split in two during the Cold War, then reunified in 1990 (though Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Austria, and German speaking parts of Switzerland, France, Italy, Belgium and Denmark remain outside Germany).
** A certain secessionist sentiment remains, however, in modern Germany as well. Bavaria, which has historically an autonomous kingdom until the rise of Weimar Germany, currently enjoys political semi-autonomy inside the German Federation as the "Bavarian Free State" (having, among other things, its own constitution), which (moderately) popularised the idea of an independent Bavarian Republic outside the federation and the EU (whereas others would even get back the monarchy too); at least one political party has been pushing this agenda for the better half of a century.

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* Germany, to varying degrees in history. It spent several centuries as at least 300 states under [[TheHolyRomanEmpire one theoretical state, state]], which decreased to around 20, both legally and in practice (though bound in an alliance), followed by a shrinking number until there were two left (as far as Germans of the time saw it). After a short period of unification (75 years), it was split in two during the Cold War, then reunified in 1990 (though Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Austria, and German speaking parts of Switzerland, France, Italy, Belgium and Denmark remain outside Germany).
** A certain secessionist sentiment remains, however, in modern Germany as well. Bavaria, which has was historically an autonomous kingdom until the rise of Weimar Germany, currently enjoys political semi-autonomy inside the German Federation as the "Bavarian Free State" (having, among other things, its own constitution), which (moderately) popularised the idea of an independent Bavarian Republic outside the federation and the EU (whereas others would even get back the monarchy too); at least one political party has been pushing this agenda for the better half of a century.



* After Genghis Khan's death, the Mongol Empire split into the Chagatai Khanate (Central Asia), the Khanate of the Golden Horde (Russia and Kazakhstan), the Ilkhanate (Persia westward to Turkey), and the Yuan (China and modern Mongolia).

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* After Genghis Khan's UsefulNotes/GenghisKhan's death, the Mongol Empire split into the Chagatai Khanate (Central Asia), the Khanate of the Golden Horde (Russia and Kazakhstan), the Ilkhanate (Persia westward to Turkey), and the Yuan (China and modern Mongolia).



** You can take it another level with counties and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urban_secession municipalities doing it]]. Procedures, motivations, and success rates vary by state. For instance, both [[UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity Staten Island]] and [[UsefulNotes/LosAngeles the San Fernando Valley]] voted to secede and become their own municipalities in the last couple of decades. In Staten Island's case, their 1993 referendum was 65% in favor of secession, though they stayed within the City of New York due to the election of Rudi Guliani who promised to address their two biggest grievances of making the Staten Island Ferry free of charge and closing the Fresh Kills Landfill. The Valley's push, on the other hand, had their proposal unanimously blocked by the city council even though their 2002 referendum was 55% in favor of secession within the Valley.

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** You can take it another level with counties and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urban_secession municipalities doing it]]. Procedures, motivations, and success rates vary by state. For instance, both [[UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity Staten Island]] and [[UsefulNotes/LosAngeles the San Fernando Valley]] voted to secede and become their own municipalities in the last couple of decades. In Staten Island's case, their 1993 referendum was 65% in favor of secession, though they stayed within the City of New York due to the election of Rudi Guliani Rudy Giuliani who promised to address their two biggest grievances of making the Staten Island Ferry free of charge and closing the Fresh Kills Landfill. The Valley's push, on the other hand, had their proposal unanimously blocked by the city council even though their 2002 referendum was 55% in favor of secession within the Valley.



** After this has happened repeatedly in Italy's history, which witnessed the creation and fall of ''dozens'' of independent states every couple of decades, modern Italy still isn't safe from the secessionist popularity. South Tyrol (at least) used to be a possible candidate for secession, as it was only obtained (relatively) recently from Austria Hungary after UsefulNotes/WW1, and is thus ended up being German-speaking and Austrian-cultured. On top of it, she already enjoys semi-autonomy after a brief 'uprising' in 1961 ([[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Night_of_Fire casulaties: 37 electricity pylons]]). Veneto, the region surrounding Venice, is one notable example of a region that still sees active campaigns for sovereignty by right-wing and nationalistic groups, particularly since it ranks (unsurprisingly) amongst the wealthiest places in Italy. .
* After the shock of the Fourth Crusade, where invaders from Catholic Europe on the way to wrest Jerusalem from Muslim rule instead invaded Constantinople, the Byzantine Empire balkanized as a result of there being not only multiple rival Orthodox Christian claimants to the imperial throne but also squabbling Latin Crusaders who wanted to carve out their own independent territories. You had Epiros (northwestern Greece), the duchy of Athens, Naxos, Rhodes, the kingdom of Thessalonica, the principality of Achaea (southern Greece), the Empire of Nikaea (Asia Minor), and the Empire of Trebizond (which despite calling itself an empire at its peak consisted of the southernmost tip of the Crimean peninsula and...well, Trebizond itself and its surrounding areas). Some were reincorporated into the Byzantine Empire, but a few like Trebizond would hold out for a while even after the Byzantine Empire was conquered by the Ottoman Empire.

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** After this has happened repeatedly in Italy's history, which witnessed the creation and fall of ''dozens'' of independent states every couple of decades, modern Italy still isn't safe from the secessionist popularity. South Tyrol (at least) used to be a possible candidate for secession, as it was only obtained (relatively) recently from Austria Hungary Austria-Hungary after UsefulNotes/WW1, and is thus ended up being German-speaking and Austrian-cultured. On top of it, she it already enjoys semi-autonomy after a brief 'uprising' in 1961 ([[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Night_of_Fire casulaties: 37 electricity pylons]]). Veneto, the region surrounding Venice, is one notable example of a region that still sees active campaigns for sovereignty by right-wing and nationalistic groups, particularly since it ranks (unsurprisingly) amongst the wealthiest places in Italy. .
Italy.
* After the shock of the Fourth Crusade, where invaders from Catholic Europe on the way to wrest Jerusalem from Muslim rule [[UsefulNotes/TheCrusades (again)]] instead invaded Constantinople, the Byzantine Empire balkanized as a result of there being not only multiple rival Orthodox Christian claimants to the imperial throne but also squabbling Latin Crusaders who wanted to carve out their own independent territories. You had Epiros Epirus (northwestern Greece), the duchy of Athens, Naxos, Rhodes, the kingdom of Thessalonica, the principality of Achaea (southern Greece), the Empire of Nikaea (Asia Minor), and the Empire of Trebizond (which despite calling itself an empire at its peak consisted of the southernmost tip of the Crimean peninsula and...well, Trebizond itself and its surrounding areas). Some were reincorporated into the Byzantine Empire, but a few like Trebizond would hold out for a while even after the Byzantine Empire was conquered by the Ottoman Empire.



* A big issue in modern Spain is the increasing secessionist will of Catalonia and, to a lesser extent, the Basque Country, especially since the economic crisis started. Nationalists are in power in both of those regions and the central government's refusal to organize a referendum about Catalonia only fuels ressentment. The Basque issue is more complex, as the nothern part of historical Euskadi is in France, which is a much more centralized country and where the Basque Country is a historical region but not an administrative entity.

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* A big issue in modern Spain is the increasing secessionist will of Catalonia and, to a lesser extent, the Basque Country, especially since the economic crisis started. Nationalists are in power in both of those regions and the central government's refusal to organize a referendum about Catalonia only fuels ressentment. resentment. The Basque issue is more complex, as the nothern northern part of historical Euskadi is in France, which is a much more centralized country and where the Basque Country is a historical region but not an administrative entity.



* After the Battle of Austerlitz in 1806, the Holy Roman Empire collapsed in to two halves; Prussia and the "Confederation of the Rhine"; after WW2, when the former Allies failed to agree on the nature of a re-unified Germany, the Western Allies (Britain, France and the US) created the German Federal Republic from their half, prompting Soviet premier Krushchev to remark "So, all we have to show for 150 years of history is the re-creation of the Confederation of the Rhine".

to:

** Brittany also has a history of nationalism due in part to its Celtic cultural roots, although most modern Bretons aren't really in favor of secession that much (the fact that some parts of the nationalist movement [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breton_nationalism_and_World_War_II had ties to Nazi Germany]] and promoted a similar ideology probably doesn't help).
* After the Battle of Austerlitz in 1806, the Holy Roman Empire collapsed in to two halves; halves: Prussia and the "Confederation of the Rhine"; after WW2, when the former Allies failed to agree on the nature of a re-unified Germany, the Western Allies (Britain, France and the US) created the German Federal Republic from their half, prompting Soviet premier Krushchev to remark "So, all we have to show for 150 years of history is the re-creation of the Confederation of the Rhine".
23rd Jun '17 11:26:28 PM Ryulong
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* In an alternate timeline of ''Anime/EurekaSevenAO'', Okinawa Prefecture secedes from Japan.

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* In an the [[spoiler:original]] alternate timeline history of ''Anime/EurekaSevenAO'', Okinawa Prefecture secedes has recently seceded from Japan.Japan with help from China.
21st Jun '17 3:35:40 PM ZimFan89
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Added DiffLines:

* The ''Literature/NewDealCoalitionRetained'' timeline has a couple of examples:
** The US-backed invasion of Cuba leads to the creation of the Federal Republic of Cuba (East Cuba) and the Socialist Republic of Cuba (West Cuba). [[spoiler: In 1980, an uprising in West Cuba leads to the collapse of the communist government and the two countries' reunification.]]
** After Czechoslovakia's government becomes pro-Western in the 60s and chooses to join NATO, the Slovakian communists secede from the country and stick with the Warsaw Pact, letting the Czechs go their own way.
14th Jun '17 5:18:27 PM __Vano
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** Famously inverted by the two German states in 1990.
13th Jun '17 10:20:44 PM nombretomado
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** After this has happened repeatedly in Italy's history, which witnessed the creation and fall of ''dozens'' of independent states every couple of decades, modern Italy still isn't safe from the secessionist popularity. South Tyrol (at least) used to be a possible candidate for secession, as it was only obtained (relatively) recently from Austria Hungary after WW1, and is thus ended up being German-speaking and Austrian-cultured. On top of it, she already enjoys semi-autonomy after a brief 'uprising' in 1961 ([[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Night_of_Fire casulaties: 37 electricity pylons]]). Veneto, the region surrounding Venice, is one notable example of a region that still sees active campaigns for sovereignty by right-wing and nationalistic groups, particularly since it ranks (unsurprisingly) amongst the wealthiest places in Italy. .

to:

** After this has happened repeatedly in Italy's history, which witnessed the creation and fall of ''dozens'' of independent states every couple of decades, modern Italy still isn't safe from the secessionist popularity. South Tyrol (at least) used to be a possible candidate for secession, as it was only obtained (relatively) recently from Austria Hungary after WW1, UsefulNotes/WW1, and is thus ended up being German-speaking and Austrian-cultured. On top of it, she already enjoys semi-autonomy after a brief 'uprising' in 1961 ([[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Night_of_Fire casulaties: 37 electricity pylons]]). Veneto, the region surrounding Venice, is one notable example of a region that still sees active campaigns for sovereignty by right-wing and nationalistic groups, particularly since it ranks (unsurprisingly) amongst the wealthiest places in Italy. .
18th May '17 7:44:27 PM SAMAS
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* In ''LightNovel/HeavyObject'', the world became a fully shattered mosaic of small territories, each belonging to one of the four big factions: Legitimacy Kingdom(where bloodline and honor are everything), the Information Alliance(where innexactitude and false news are evil and weapons) , the Capitalist Corporations(where charity is a crime) and the Faith Organization(a patchwork of every religions invented).

to:

* In ''LightNovel/HeavyObject'', the world became a fully shattered mosaic of small territories, each belonging to one of the four big factions: Legitimacy Kingdom(where bloodline and honor are everything), the Information Alliance(where innexactitude and false news are evil and weapons) , the Capitalist Corporations(where charity is a crime) and the Faith Organization(a patchwork of every religions invented). You can barely travel more than a couple hundred miles in any given direction before running into a border.
14th May '17 10:12:39 AM WillKeaton
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* Since UsefulNotes/AlexanderTheGreat left no heir and no instructions for a regency (and his only son Alexander IV born after his death quickly assassinated), his Macedonian Empire fractured after his death in 323 BC. Once the dust cleared (after ''forty years''), it was divided among his generals: Macedon (Cassander / Alexander's native Greece), the Ptolemaic Kingdom (Ptolemy I Soter / modern-day Egypt), the Seleucid Empire (Seleucis I Nicator / modern-day Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Israel/Palestine), and the Kingdom of Pergamon (Lysimachus / modern-day Bulgaria, eastern Greece and European Turkey).

to:

* Since UsefulNotes/AlexanderTheGreat left no heir and no instructions for a regency (and his only son Alexander IV born after his death was quickly assassinated), his Macedonian Empire fractured after his death in 323 BC. Once the dust cleared (after ''forty years''), it was divided among his generals: Macedon (Cassander / Alexander's native Greece), the Ptolemaic Kingdom (Ptolemy I Soter / modern-day Egypt), the Seleucid Empire (Seleucis I Nicator / modern-day Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Israel/Palestine), and the Kingdom of Pergamon (Lysimachus / modern-day Bulgaria, eastern Greece and European Turkey).
8th May '17 8:23:37 AM ChronoLegion
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Added DiffLines:

* Mentioned in Creator/WilliamHKeithJr's ''Luna Marine'', where the UN is desperately trying to hold together and force the rest of the world into OneWorldOrder. Unfortunately for them, the current tendency in the world is the opposite - splitting countries into smaller political entities. Interestingly, one of the reasons for the US-UN war is the attempt by the UN to force just such a thing in the US with the creation of Aztlan from the Southwestern (i.e. Hispanic-dominated) states.
21st Apr '17 6:41:27 AM nam23
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* In ''LightNovel/HeavyObject'', the world became a fully shattered mosaic of small territories, each belonging to one of the 4 big faction: Legitimacy Kingdom(where bloodline and honor are everything), the Information Alliance(where innexactitude and false news are evil and weapons) , the Capitalist Corporations(where charity is a crime) and the Faith Organization(a patchwork of every religions invented).

to:

* In ''LightNovel/HeavyObject'', the world became a fully shattered mosaic of small territories, each belonging to one of the 4 four big faction: factions: Legitimacy Kingdom(where bloodline and honor are everything), the Information Alliance(where innexactitude and false news are evil and weapons) , the Capitalist Corporations(where charity is a crime) and the Faith Organization(a patchwork of every religions invented).
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Main.BalkanizeMe