History Literature / TheFourGospels

20th Feb '17 4:20:37 AM morane
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There exists also a non-canonic Gospel of Thomas, which is not a Gospel in the same sense as the four canonized gospels, but rather a collection of Jesus's sayings (''logoms''). Most researchers today assume it is genuine, but not part of New Testament canon because it contains only Jesus's words, not narration.
8th Feb '17 6:07:08 PM Specialist290
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* IntimidatingRevenueService: Whenever Jesus needs an example of a profession that everyone will instantly recognize as corrupt and sinful, he mentions... Prostitutes? Pharisees? Torturers?... ''[[EvilDebtCollector Tax collectors]]''. {{Justified|Trope}}, since in AncientRome tax collectors were pretty universally reviled for extorting money from their countrymen while being on the take. Also {{averted}}, in that some tax collectors such as Matthew and Zacchaeus are shown to be redeemed.

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* IntimidatingRevenueService: Whenever Jesus needs an example of a profession that everyone will instantly recognize as corrupt and sinful, he mentions... Prostitutes? Pharisees? Torturers?... ''[[EvilDebtCollector Tax collectors]]''. {{Justified|Trope}}, since in AncientRome tax collectors were pretty universally reviled for extorting money from their countrymen while being on the take. [[note]]The Romans relied on tax farming to supply their revenue, contracting the actual collection out to middlemen who were expected to fill a certain quota on a regular basis. As long as the quota was met, the authorities didn't ask too many questions, and the tax collectors were entitled to keep any excess money as part of their commission. The rest is left as an exercise for the reader.[[/note]] Also {{averted}}, in that some tax collectors such as Matthew and Zacchaeus are shown to be redeemed.
23rd Jan '17 12:41:39 PM VicGeorge2011
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* SetTheWorldOnFire: Jesus himself says in Luke 12:49, "I came to send fire on the earth, and how I wish it were already kindled!" Whether this is metaphorical or not is uncertain.
22nd Jan '17 11:06:30 AM VicGeorge2011
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* PublicExecution: Jesus' crucifixion alongside two criminals, as told in all four Gospels.
4th Jan '17 9:34:20 AM jamespolk
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The first four books of the [[Literature/TheBible New Testament]], chronicling the life of one JesusChrist. Their name means "[[MeaningfulName Good News]]"; the idea behind the Gospels is that they exist as "good news" to be spread by Christians to the world. As a result, each of the four has a slightly different tone and target.

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The first four books of the [[Literature/TheBible New Testament]], chronicling the life of one JesusChrist.Jesus Christ. Their name means "[[MeaningfulName Good News]]"; the idea behind the Gospels is that they exist as "good news" to be spread by Christians to the world. As a result, each of the four has a slightly different tone and target.


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For the many, many works based off of the Gospels and the Jesus story, see the Useful Note page, UsefulNotes/{{Jesus}}.
7th Dec '16 2:29:44 PM VanHohenheimOfXerxes
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* ''Mark'' - Estimated to be the oldest Gospel, written for the Romans, and portrays Jesus as the miracle worker.

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* ''Mark'' - Estimated to be the oldest Gospel, written for the Romans, and portrays Jesus as the a miracle worker.
28th Nov '16 6:44:34 PM Timjames98
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* MoralEventHorizon: In-universe. Matthew 12:31-32, Mark 3:29, and Luke 12:10 mentions the "unforgivable sin" of blasphemy against the Holy Spirit.

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* MoralEventHorizon: In-universe. Matthew 12:31-32, Mark 3:29, and Luke 12:10 mentions the "unforgivable sin" of [[RedemptionRejection blasphemy against the Holy Spirit.Spirit]].


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* RedemptionRejection: "Blasphemy against The Holy Spirit", which is the only sin God will not forgive.
18th Nov '16 7:11:11 PM Art199
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Matthew, Mark, and Luke are called the "Synoptic Gospels" (from Greek ''syn''=together, ''opsis''=seeing) because [[RashomonStyle they tell largely the same story]]. It's generally accepted in modern Biblical scholarship that Mark was written first, and that Matthew and Luke[[note]]Or whoever wrote those books, but [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment let's not get into ''that'' fight]][[/note]] copied off of Mark and another source that no longer exists (usually called "Q", from [[GratuitousGerman German "Quelle", meaning "Source"]]) containing Jesus' sayings and parables.

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Matthew, Mark, and Luke are called the "Synoptic Gospels" (from Greek ''syn''=together, ''opsis''=seeing) because [[RashomonStyle they tell largely the same story]]. It's generally accepted in modern Biblical scholarship that Mark was written first, and that Matthew and Luke[[note]]Or whoever wrote those books, but [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment let's not get into ''that'' fight]][[/note]] copied off of Mark and another source got their info from other sources that no longer exists (usually called (from L "Q", from [[GratuitousGerman German "Quelle", meaning "Source"]]) containing Jesus' sayings and parables.
parables. They were also relying on oral traditions as well.
26th Oct '16 9:07:02 PM Fireblood
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* WorkingClassHero: One reason why Communists will never deny that JesusWasWayCool is that many of them consider him the first socialist. He is the only major religious figure who is explicitly defined as either a carpenter/itinerant laborer challenging the more aristocratic gods of classical religions and the more intellectual scholar-based tradition of Jewish prophets. He also identified with the outcasts of society (the vagabonds, the prostitutes) and affirmed that rich people have a hard time getting to heaven and his only, significant, violent action was removing the money changers from the temple.
** Of course Jesus is stated like many Prophets to have descended from King David. It's played straight with the other apostles, especially Peter, who is a fisherman.
* YouFool: Jesus warns in His Sermon On The Mount that calling somebody a "fool" out of malicious anger would make that person likely to be sentenced with hellfire. [[note]]When He proceeds to denounce the Pharisees and scribes in His TheReasonYouSuckSpeech as "fools and blind" later on, it's out of justified or righteous anger over their own religious hypocrisy. There's also the fact that the word translated as fool, moros, in the Sermon on the Mount is thought to have had the secondary meaning of "godless" or "apostate", a serious insult for Jesus's time. Which explains why Jesus would have condemned calling someone that out of malicious anger in the first place. [[/note]]

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* WorkingClassHero: One reason why Communists will never deny that JesusWasWayCool is that many of them consider him the first socialist. He is the only major religious figure who is explicitly defined as either a carpenter/itinerant laborer challenging the more aristocratic gods of classical religions and the more intellectual scholar-based tradition of Jewish prophets. He also identified with the outcasts of society (the vagabonds, the prostitutes) and affirmed that rich people have a hard time getting to heaven and his only, significant, only significant violent action was removing the money changers from the temple.
** Of course Jesus is stated like many Prophets to have be descended from King David. It's played straight with the other apostles, especially Peter, who is a fisherman.
* YouFool: Jesus warns in His Sermon On The Mount that calling somebody a "fool" out of malicious anger would make that person likely to be sentenced punished with hellfire. hellfire.[[note]]When He proceeds to denounce the Pharisees and scribes in His TheReasonYouSuckSpeech as "fools and blind" later on, it's out of justified or righteous anger over their own religious hypocrisy. There's also the fact that the word translated as fool, moros, in the Sermon on the Mount is thought to have had the secondary meaning of "godless" or "apostate", a serious insult for Jesus's time. Which explains why Jesus would have condemned calling someone that out of malicious anger in the first place. [[/note]]
26th Oct '16 9:05:20 PM Fireblood
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* JacobMarleyWarning: Invoked in the parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus. After his death, the Rich Man in {{hell}} asks Abraham to send a warning to his surviving brothers so they can repent and avoid his fate. Abraham [[SubvertedTrope subverts the trope]], however, explaining that if they didn't believe [[Literature/TheBible Moses and the prophets]], they wouldn't believe a ghostly messenger either.

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* JacobMarleyWarning: Invoked {{Invoked}} in the parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus. After his death, the Rich Man in {{hell}} asks Abraham to send a Lazarus back with warning to his surviving brothers so they can repent and avoid his fate. Abraham [[SubvertedTrope subverts the trope]], however, explaining that if they didn't believe [[Literature/TheBible Moses and the prophets]], they wouldn't believe a ghostly messenger either.



* KangarooCourt: The Sandhedrin (high court of ancient Judea) that tries Jesus. Not only do the judges violate every ''single'' Jewish law governing trials, but they put on clearly perjured witnesses to convict him. The conduct of Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor who approves his death sentence (the Romans required it) also counts here, as even he acknowledges that no Roman (or Jewish) laws were broken by Jesus. Roman magistrates had the power to have non-Romans crucified at will, however, making the whole Roman "justice" system essentially this for them. Even trials of Roman citizens often went this way, as the magistrate was free to admit or ignore any evidence they pleased. Later on Paul, a Roman citizen, was given a trial, but the outcome was never in doubt. The only real privilege they had was that citizens could not be crucified. Thus in Acts Paul is beheaded, while Peter gets crucified (upside down, as he doesn't want it to resemble Jesus' death).



** Given the political climate of the time, lots of people were named Jesus, hence him always being referred to as "Jesus of Nazareth". Tradition states that Barabbas, the man released in Jesus' place, was also named Jesus [[note]]Barabbas, or Bar Abba in Aramaic, is actually his last name, meaning "son of the Father."[[/note]]

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** Given the political climate of the time, lots of people were named Jesus, hence him always being referred to as "Jesus of Nazareth". Tradition states that Barabbas, the man released in Jesus' place, was also named Jesus [[note]]Barabbas, or Bar Abba in Aramaic, is actually his last name, meaning "son of the Father."[[/note]]" Some people therefore interpret this as allegorical, with the Jews accepting Barabbas the rebel (as they viewed the Messiah to be a warrior leader) instead of Jesus.[[/note]]



* [[ShrugOfGod Shrug Of Jesus]]: InUniverse; Jesus warns against believing rumors that TheEndIsNigh, because not even the He as the Son of God knows when the End of the World is.

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* [[ShrugOfGod Shrug Of Jesus]]: InUniverse; Jesus warns against believing rumors that TheEndIsNigh, because not even the He as the Son of God knows when the End end of the World world is.



** Theologians and Christian thinkers have extrapolated from this that being the mere passive recipient of an exorcism is not enough: the subject needs, metaphorically, to install better locks on doors and windows and an adequate burglar alarm system. (i.e. to accept the Christian message and actively reform their life so as to prevent re-occupation by demonic forces).
* SmashTheSymbol: Jesus tells His disciples that both Jerusalem and the Jewish temple will be destroyed. At His trial before the Jewish leaders, some of His accusers claimed that He said that He will destroy the temple and build a new one without hands in three days.

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** Theologians and Christian thinkers have extrapolated from this that being the mere passive recipient of an exorcism is not enough: the subject needs, metaphorically, to install better locks on doors and windows and an adequate burglar alarm system. system (i.e. to accept the Christian message and actively reform their life so as to prevent re-occupation by demonic forces).
* SmashTheSymbol: Jesus tells His disciples that both Jerusalem and the Jewish temple will be destroyed. At His trial before the Jewish leaders, some of His accusers claimed claim that He said that He will destroy the temple and build a new one without hands in three days.



* TheSpeechless: Zechariah, father of John the baptist, was unable to speak for a time because he did not believe the angel Gabriel when he said that he would have a son.

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* TheSpeechless: Zechariah, father of John the baptist, Baptist, was unable to speak for a time because he did not believe the angel Gabriel when he said that he would have a son.



* ToBeLawfulOrGood: The RulesLawyer Pharisees frequently try to entrap Jesus with this dilemma. Jesus rebutted them by arguing that to do good is to follow what the Law intends. On one occasion, Jesus is presented with the chance to heal a man on the Sabbath, which they believed would violate the Laws of Moses[[note]]which forbid any kind of work on the Sabbath[[/note]]. Jesus countered, "[[TakeAThirdOption It is lawful to do good on the Sabbath]]!" and proceeds to heal the man right in front of them. They don't take this very well at all.

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* ToBeLawfulOrGood: The RulesLawyer Pharisees frequently try to entrap Jesus with this dilemma. Jesus rebutted them by arguing that to do good is to follow what the Law intends. On one occasion, Jesus is presented with the chance to heal a man on the Sabbath, which they believed would violate the Laws of Moses[[note]]which Moses.[[note]]Which forbid any kind of work on the Sabbath[[/note]]. Sabbath.[[/note]] Jesus countered, "[[TakeAThirdOption It is lawful to do good on the Sabbath]]!" and proceeds to heal the man right in front of them. They don't take this very well at all. In modern times, Judaism also accepts this idea, saying no law takes precedence over human life.



** Jesus in the Olivet Discourse predicts the destruction of the Temple, which in extra-biblical accounts took place in 70 AD.

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** Jesus in the Olivet Discourse predicts the destruction of the Temple, which in extra-biblical extra-Biblical accounts took place in 70 AD.



* TwoFirstNames: John Mark and Simon Peter. Although Simon Peter was originally Simon bar-Jonah (or Simon son-of-Jonah). Jesus later gave him the name Peter, which means "rock". He then went by Simon Peter before just sticking with Peter.



* TwoFirstNames: John Mark and Simon Peter. Although Simon Peter was originally Simon bar-Jonah (or Simon son-of-Jonah). Jesus later gave him the name Peter, which means "rock". He then went by Simon Peter before just sticking with Peter.



*** Others have used this to explain how Jesus' claim that there were some standing with him would be alive at the end of time could be true. In their view, John is around here somewhere, waiting, even now.



* WorkingClassHero: One reason why Communists will never deny that JesusWasWayCool is that many of them consider him the first socialist. He is the only major religious figure who is explicitly defined as either a carpenter/itinerant labourer challenging the more aristocratic gods of classical religions and the more intellectual scholar-based tradition of Jewish prophets. He also identified with the outcasts of society, the vagabonds, the prostitutes and affirmed that rich people have a hard time getting to heaven and his only, significant, violent action was removing the money changers from the temple.

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* WorkingClassHero: One reason why Communists will never deny that JesusWasWayCool is that many of them consider him the first socialist. He is the only major religious figure who is explicitly defined as either a carpenter/itinerant labourer laborer challenging the more aristocratic gods of classical religions and the more intellectual scholar-based tradition of Jewish prophets. He also identified with the outcasts of society, the society (the vagabonds, the prostitutes prostitutes) and affirmed that rich people have a hard time getting to heaven and his only, significant, violent action was removing the money changers from the temple.
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