History Literature / TheFourGospels

28th Nov '16 6:44:34 PM Timjames98
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* MoralEventHorizon: In-universe. Matthew 12:31-32, Mark 3:29, and Luke 12:10 mentions the "unforgivable sin" of blasphemy against the Holy Spirit.

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* MoralEventHorizon: In-universe. Matthew 12:31-32, Mark 3:29, and Luke 12:10 mentions the "unforgivable sin" of [[RedemptionRejection blasphemy against the Holy Spirit.Spirit]].


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* RedemptionRejection: "Blasphemy against The Holy Spirit", which is the only sin God will not forgive.
18th Nov '16 7:11:11 PM Art199
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Matthew, Mark, and Luke are called the "Synoptic Gospels" (from Greek ''syn''=together, ''opsis''=seeing) because [[RashomonStyle they tell largely the same story]]. It's generally accepted in modern Biblical scholarship that Mark was written first, and that Matthew and Luke[[note]]Or whoever wrote those books, but [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment let's not get into ''that'' fight]][[/note]] copied off of Mark and another source that no longer exists (usually called "Q", from [[GratuitousGerman German "Quelle", meaning "Source"]]) containing Jesus' sayings and parables.

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Matthew, Mark, and Luke are called the "Synoptic Gospels" (from Greek ''syn''=together, ''opsis''=seeing) because [[RashomonStyle they tell largely the same story]]. It's generally accepted in modern Biblical scholarship that Mark was written first, and that Matthew and Luke[[note]]Or whoever wrote those books, but [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment let's not get into ''that'' fight]][[/note]] copied off of Mark and another source got their info from other sources that no longer exists (usually called (from L "Q", from [[GratuitousGerman German "Quelle", meaning "Source"]]) containing Jesus' sayings and parables.
parables. They were also relying on oral traditions as well.
26th Oct '16 9:07:02 PM Fireblood
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* WorkingClassHero: One reason why Communists will never deny that JesusWasWayCool is that many of them consider him the first socialist. He is the only major religious figure who is explicitly defined as either a carpenter/itinerant laborer challenging the more aristocratic gods of classical religions and the more intellectual scholar-based tradition of Jewish prophets. He also identified with the outcasts of society (the vagabonds, the prostitutes) and affirmed that rich people have a hard time getting to heaven and his only, significant, violent action was removing the money changers from the temple.
** Of course Jesus is stated like many Prophets to have descended from King David. It's played straight with the other apostles, especially Peter, who is a fisherman.
* YouFool: Jesus warns in His Sermon On The Mount that calling somebody a "fool" out of malicious anger would make that person likely to be sentenced with hellfire. [[note]]When He proceeds to denounce the Pharisees and scribes in His TheReasonYouSuckSpeech as "fools and blind" later on, it's out of justified or righteous anger over their own religious hypocrisy. There's also the fact that the word translated as fool, moros, in the Sermon on the Mount is thought to have had the secondary meaning of "godless" or "apostate", a serious insult for Jesus's time. Which explains why Jesus would have condemned calling someone that out of malicious anger in the first place. [[/note]]

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* WorkingClassHero: One reason why Communists will never deny that JesusWasWayCool is that many of them consider him the first socialist. He is the only major religious figure who is explicitly defined as either a carpenter/itinerant laborer challenging the more aristocratic gods of classical religions and the more intellectual scholar-based tradition of Jewish prophets. He also identified with the outcasts of society (the vagabonds, the prostitutes) and affirmed that rich people have a hard time getting to heaven and his only, significant, only significant violent action was removing the money changers from the temple.
** Of course Jesus is stated like many Prophets to have be descended from King David. It's played straight with the other apostles, especially Peter, who is a fisherman.
* YouFool: Jesus warns in His Sermon On The Mount that calling somebody a "fool" out of malicious anger would make that person likely to be sentenced punished with hellfire. hellfire.[[note]]When He proceeds to denounce the Pharisees and scribes in His TheReasonYouSuckSpeech as "fools and blind" later on, it's out of justified or righteous anger over their own religious hypocrisy. There's also the fact that the word translated as fool, moros, in the Sermon on the Mount is thought to have had the secondary meaning of "godless" or "apostate", a serious insult for Jesus's time. Which explains why Jesus would have condemned calling someone that out of malicious anger in the first place. [[/note]]
26th Oct '16 9:05:20 PM Fireblood
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* JacobMarleyWarning: Invoked in the parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus. After his death, the Rich Man in {{hell}} asks Abraham to send a warning to his surviving brothers so they can repent and avoid his fate. Abraham [[SubvertedTrope subverts the trope]], however, explaining that if they didn't believe [[Literature/TheBible Moses and the prophets]], they wouldn't believe a ghostly messenger either.

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* JacobMarleyWarning: Invoked {{Invoked}} in the parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus. After his death, the Rich Man in {{hell}} asks Abraham to send a Lazarus back with warning to his surviving brothers so they can repent and avoid his fate. Abraham [[SubvertedTrope subverts the trope]], however, explaining that if they didn't believe [[Literature/TheBible Moses and the prophets]], they wouldn't believe a ghostly messenger either.



* KangarooCourt: The Sandhedrin (high court of ancient Judea) that tries Jesus. Not only do the judges violate every ''single'' Jewish law governing trials, but they put on clearly perjured witnesses to convict him. The conduct of Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor who approves his death sentence (the Romans required it) also counts here, as even he acknowledges that no Roman (or Jewish) laws were broken by Jesus. Roman magistrates had the power to have non-Romans crucified at will, however, making the whole Roman "justice" system essentially this for them. Even trials of Roman citizens often went this way, as the magistrate was free to admit or ignore any evidence they pleased. Later on Paul, a Roman citizen, was given a trial, but the outcome was never in doubt. The only real privilege they had was that citizens could not be crucified. Thus in Acts Paul is beheaded, while Peter gets crucified (upside down, as he doesn't want it to resemble Jesus' death).



** Given the political climate of the time, lots of people were named Jesus, hence him always being referred to as "Jesus of Nazareth". Tradition states that Barabbas, the man released in Jesus' place, was also named Jesus [[note]]Barabbas, or Bar Abba in Aramaic, is actually his last name, meaning "son of the Father."[[/note]]

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** Given the political climate of the time, lots of people were named Jesus, hence him always being referred to as "Jesus of Nazareth". Tradition states that Barabbas, the man released in Jesus' place, was also named Jesus [[note]]Barabbas, or Bar Abba in Aramaic, is actually his last name, meaning "son of the Father."[[/note]]" Some people therefore interpret this as allegorical, with the Jews accepting Barabbas the rebel (as they viewed the Messiah to be a warrior leader) instead of Jesus.[[/note]]



* [[ShrugOfGod Shrug Of Jesus]]: InUniverse; Jesus warns against believing rumors that TheEndIsNigh, because not even the He as the Son of God knows when the End of the World is.

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* [[ShrugOfGod Shrug Of Jesus]]: InUniverse; Jesus warns against believing rumors that TheEndIsNigh, because not even the He as the Son of God knows when the End end of the World world is.



** Theologians and Christian thinkers have extrapolated from this that being the mere passive recipient of an exorcism is not enough: the subject needs, metaphorically, to install better locks on doors and windows and an adequate burglar alarm system. (i.e. to accept the Christian message and actively reform their life so as to prevent re-occupation by demonic forces).
* SmashTheSymbol: Jesus tells His disciples that both Jerusalem and the Jewish temple will be destroyed. At His trial before the Jewish leaders, some of His accusers claimed that He said that He will destroy the temple and build a new one without hands in three days.

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** Theologians and Christian thinkers have extrapolated from this that being the mere passive recipient of an exorcism is not enough: the subject needs, metaphorically, to install better locks on doors and windows and an adequate burglar alarm system. system (i.e. to accept the Christian message and actively reform their life so as to prevent re-occupation by demonic forces).
* SmashTheSymbol: Jesus tells His disciples that both Jerusalem and the Jewish temple will be destroyed. At His trial before the Jewish leaders, some of His accusers claimed claim that He said that He will destroy the temple and build a new one without hands in three days.



* TheSpeechless: Zechariah, father of John the baptist, was unable to speak for a time because he did not believe the angel Gabriel when he said that he would have a son.

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* TheSpeechless: Zechariah, father of John the baptist, Baptist, was unable to speak for a time because he did not believe the angel Gabriel when he said that he would have a son.



* ToBeLawfulOrGood: The RulesLawyer Pharisees frequently try to entrap Jesus with this dilemma. Jesus rebutted them by arguing that to do good is to follow what the Law intends. On one occasion, Jesus is presented with the chance to heal a man on the Sabbath, which they believed would violate the Laws of Moses[[note]]which forbid any kind of work on the Sabbath[[/note]]. Jesus countered, "[[TakeAThirdOption It is lawful to do good on the Sabbath]]!" and proceeds to heal the man right in front of them. They don't take this very well at all.

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* ToBeLawfulOrGood: The RulesLawyer Pharisees frequently try to entrap Jesus with this dilemma. Jesus rebutted them by arguing that to do good is to follow what the Law intends. On one occasion, Jesus is presented with the chance to heal a man on the Sabbath, which they believed would violate the Laws of Moses[[note]]which Moses.[[note]]Which forbid any kind of work on the Sabbath[[/note]]. Sabbath.[[/note]] Jesus countered, "[[TakeAThirdOption It is lawful to do good on the Sabbath]]!" and proceeds to heal the man right in front of them. They don't take this very well at all. In modern times, Judaism also accepts this idea, saying no law takes precedence over human life.



** Jesus in the Olivet Discourse predicts the destruction of the Temple, which in extra-biblical accounts took place in 70 AD.

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** Jesus in the Olivet Discourse predicts the destruction of the Temple, which in extra-biblical extra-Biblical accounts took place in 70 AD.



* TwoFirstNames: John Mark and Simon Peter. Although Simon Peter was originally Simon bar-Jonah (or Simon son-of-Jonah). Jesus later gave him the name Peter, which means "rock". He then went by Simon Peter before just sticking with Peter.



* TwoFirstNames: John Mark and Simon Peter. Although Simon Peter was originally Simon bar-Jonah (or Simon son-of-Jonah). Jesus later gave him the name Peter, which means "rock". He then went by Simon Peter before just sticking with Peter.



*** Others have used this to explain how Jesus' claim that there were some standing with him would be alive at the end of time could be true. In their view, John is around here somewhere, waiting, even now.



* WorkingClassHero: One reason why Communists will never deny that JesusWasWayCool is that many of them consider him the first socialist. He is the only major religious figure who is explicitly defined as either a carpenter/itinerant labourer challenging the more aristocratic gods of classical religions and the more intellectual scholar-based tradition of Jewish prophets. He also identified with the outcasts of society, the vagabonds, the prostitutes and affirmed that rich people have a hard time getting to heaven and his only, significant, violent action was removing the money changers from the temple.

to:

* WorkingClassHero: One reason why Communists will never deny that JesusWasWayCool is that many of them consider him the first socialist. He is the only major religious figure who is explicitly defined as either a carpenter/itinerant labourer laborer challenging the more aristocratic gods of classical religions and the more intellectual scholar-based tradition of Jewish prophets. He also identified with the outcasts of society, the society (the vagabonds, the prostitutes prostitutes) and affirmed that rich people have a hard time getting to heaven and his only, significant, violent action was removing the money changers from the temple.
26th Oct '16 8:11:18 PM Fireblood
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* ArbitrarySkepticism: Creator/CSLewis argued the story of Thomas doubting Jesus had risen was this. When Jesus told him "You have believed because you have seen. Blessed are those who have not seen, and yet have believed." this was not, in Lewis's view, endorsing a blind faith. Rather, because Thomas had already seen Jesus perform many miracles (including another resurrection) and heard him predict his own, refusal to believe without seeing him was unreasonable. For someone else, Lewis agreed it would be reasonable wanting to see Jesus personally before they believed.
26th Aug '16 6:36:25 PM Lightblade
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* SinInvitesPossession: Matthew 12 43:45 suggests that a demon, once expelled, may return to the person it possessed:
--> ''When the unclean spirit has gone out of a person, it passes through waterless places seeking rest, but finds none. Then it says, "I will return to my house from which I came." And when it comes, it finds the house empty, swept, and put in order. Then it goes and brings with it seven other spirits more evil than itself, and they enter and dwell there, and the last state of that person is worse than the first. So also will it be with this evil generation.''
** Theologians and Christian thinkers have extrapolated from this that being the mere passive recipient of an exorcism is not enough: the subject needs, metaphorically, to install better locks on doors and windows and an adequate burglar alarm system. (i.e. to accept the Christian message and actively reform their life so as to prevent re-occupation by demonic forces).
25th Aug '16 10:24:16 AM LordOfTheSword
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* DemonicPossession: Jesus encounters several possessed people and successfully exorcises the demons every time. This occurs frequently enough that it's lumped together with all the other diseases and mental disorders Jesus cures. One notable example: the truly unfortunate man possessed by one ''thousand'' demons that called themselves "Legion". Jesus, being well, {{Jesus}}, cured the man and spared the demons when they begged for mercy, who he then let flee into a herd of pigs.

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* DemonicPossession: Jesus encounters several possessed people and successfully exorcises the demons every time. This occurs frequently enough that it's lumped together with all the other diseases and mental disorders Jesus cures. One notable example: the truly unfortunate man possessed by one ''thousand'' demons that called themselves "Legion". Jesus, being well, {{Jesus}}, cured the man and spared the demons when they begged for mercy, who he then let flee into a herd of pigs. [[LaserGuidedKarma Which then ran off a cliff in terror]].
20th Jul '16 6:00:23 AM morenohijazo
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* DiseaseByAnyOtherName: Some commentators have speculated that cases of demonic possession dealt with by Jesus show symptoms we would recognize today as epilepsy or mental disorders.
10th Jun '16 9:37:30 PM DoctorCooper
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* JesusTaboo: [[CaptainObvious Averted]].
11th May '16 2:43:27 PM Jeduthun
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* GoodIsNotNice: Jesus says "[[MartialPacifist I come not to bring peace but a sword]]." (A metaphorical one--it was not yet the time for actual swords.)
** Note of course that the idea that Jesus ever intended his followers to EVER use swords is one of many interpretations. Many Christians, in light of the very pacifistic teachings found elsewhere in the Gospels (including this one) take this to be an ENTIRELY and CONTINUALLY metaphorical sword. Noting that the sword is used as a metaphor for non-violent "separation" elsewhere including in the writings of Paul (the Word of God is "sharper than a two-edged sword", separating bone from marrow), and Jesus' discussion elsewhere that all things including family must be abandoned for the Kingdom of God, the sword may have no literal meaning at all. A third option is that the sword is a prophesy of the violence that would follow but not an endorsement. Considering the only time any disciple is ever recording USING a sword draws a quick and sharp rebuke from Jesus himself, it is not a stretch to read the text this way.

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* GoodIsNotNice: Jesus says "[[MartialPacifist I come not to bring peace but a sword]]." (A (Though considering the [[TurnTheOtherCheek pacifistic inclination]] of Jesus' other teachings, many Christians interpret this as a metaphorical one--it was not yet the time for actual swords.)
** Note of course that the idea that Jesus ever intended his followers to EVER use swords is one of many interpretations. Many Christians, in light of the very pacifistic teachings found elsewhere in the Gospels (including this one) take this to be an ENTIRELY and CONTINUALLY metaphorical sword. Noting that the sword is used as a metaphor for non-violent "separation" elsewhere including in the writings of Paul (the Word of God is "sharper than a two-edged sword", separating bone from marrow), and Jesus' discussion elsewhere that all things including family must be abandoned for the Kingdom of God, the sword may have no literal meaning at all. A third option is that the sword is a prophesy of the violence that would follow but not an endorsement. Considering the only time any disciple is ever recording USING a sword draws a quick and sharp rebuke from Jesus himself, it is not a stretch to read the text this way.
sword.)



* GoodShepherd: Jesus, of course.
* [[GratuitousFrench Gratuitous Aramaic]]: The New Testament was largely written Koine Greek, except for the occasional Aramaic phrase (translated into Greek for convenience). The most famous of these is Jesus' cry from the cross:

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* GoodShepherd: Jesus, of course.
course, [[IAmTheNoun claims this title for Himself]].
* [[GratuitousFrench [[GratuitousForeignLanguage Gratuitous Aramaic]]: The New Testament was largely written Koine Greek, except for the occasional Aramaic phrase (translated into Greek for convenience). The most famous of these is Jesus' cry from the cross:
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