History Creator / ChristopherMarlowe

27th Jun '16 5:02:28 AM JHM
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As a HistoricalDomainCharacter, his appearances in fiction almost invariably feature one or both of (a) his acquaintance with Shakespeare; (b) his death. (Which was somewhat suspicious, and has prompted theories that it was a set-up by the English secret service, either to keep him from spilling some secret or, more creatively, to allow him to adopt a new identity and go into hiding. People who promote the creative version are generally advocates of the theory that Marlowe was the true author of Shakespeare's plays, even the ones written after 1593, or else historical fiction writers who don't care whether it's true because it makes a good story.)

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As a HistoricalDomainCharacter, his appearances in fiction almost invariably feature one or both of (a) his acquaintance with Shakespeare; (b) Shakespeare, his death. (Which was somewhat suspicious, and has prompted theories that it was a set-up by the English secret service, either to keep him from spilling some secret or, more creatively, to allow him to adopt a new identity and go into hiding. People who promote the creative version are generally advocates of the theory that Marlowe was the true author of Shakespeare's plays, even the ones written after 1593, suspicious death, or else historical fiction writers who don't care whether it's true because it makes a good story.)
both.
12th Jun '16 8:04:10 PM PaulA
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12th Jun '16 8:03:28 PM PaulA
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'''Christopher Marlowe''' (baptised February 26, 1564 – May 30, 1593) was an English poet, dramatist, and translator. He is probably best known for ''[[Theatre/DoctorFaustus The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus]]'', ''The Jew of Malta'', and ''Tamburlaine''. He was one of the first to write English drama in blank verse.

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'''Christopher Marlowe''' (baptised February 26, 1564 – May 30, 1593) was an English poet, dramatist, and translator. He is probably best known for ''[[Theatre/DoctorFaustus The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus]]'', ''The Jew of Malta'', ''Theatre/TheJewOfMalta'', and ''Tamburlaine''.''Theatre/{{Tamburlaine}}''. He was one of the first to write English drama in blank verse.



* ''Theatre/DidoQueenOfCarthage''



* ''Theatre/EdwardII''
* ''Theatre/TheJewOfMalta''
* ''Theatre/{{Tamburlaine}}''



* AdaptationalHeroism: Marlowe gives this to Dido, adapted from Literature/TheAeneid
* AllGirlsWantBadBoys: Zenocrete in ''Tamburlaine''.
* AmbiguouslyGay: Not at all ambiguous in ''Edward II'' where Edward and Gaveston are, even with all the euphemisms, plainly lovers. Likewise, there's Jupiter and Ganymede in ''Dido, Queen of Carthage''. Marlowe is generally regarded today as a gay artist.
* AmbitionIsEvil: ''The Jew of Malta'', ''Tamburlaine''. The only way to get anywhere in the world is to murder your way to the top.



* AssShove: [[spoiler: The end of ''Edward II'' [[CruelAndUnusualDeath with a branding iron.]]]]
* TheBeard: Isabella from ''Edward II''
* BreakTheHaughty: The VillainProtagonist by the third act of any Christopher Marlowe play. (''Tamburlaine'', ''The Jew of Malta'', etc.)
* ByronicHero: Tamburlaine, Barabbas, among others. Indeed, had it not been for Lord Byron, this might well have been called the Marlowean Hero.
* BuryYourGays: [[spoiler: Edward II and Mycetes of Tamburlaine]]
* TheCaligula: Tamburlaine as the story progresses.
* CampGay: Edward II, also King Mycetes in ''Tamburlaine.''



* CompositeCharacter: In ''Edward II'', John Maltravers (Matrevis) and the Earl of Arundel -- by the time he was writing, the Arundel and Maltravers titles were held by the same person.



* ComeToGawk: Happens to [[spoiler:Bajazeth]] in ''Tamburlaine''
* CreateYourOwnVillain: Marlowe's ''The Jew of Malta'' while not free of the anti-semitism of its premise at the very least has a Jewish VillainProtagonist (where ''Theatre/TheMerchantOfVenice'' has a Jewish BigBad and supporting character). Barrabas also makes it clear that his actions are inspired by racism and oppression at the hands of Christians and Muslims.
--> '''Barabbas''': Why, I esteem the injury far less,\\
To take the lives of miserable men\\
Than be the causers of their misery.\\
You have my wealth, the labour of my life,\\
The comfort of mine age, my children's hope;\\
And therefore ne'er distinguish of the wrong.
* CruelAndUnusualDeath: ''Edward II''
* DeadlyDecadentCourt: in ''Edward II''
* TheDeterminator: Tamburlaine
* DoNotDoThisCoolThing: ''The Jew of Malta'' has the flashy MagnificentBastard VillainProtagonist that is the [[EvilIsCool coolest character in the show and wins at absolutely everything]], but then gets [[spoiler:boiled alive]] in the last five minutes as if to say that "we aren't supposed to root for them" was invoked. Some argue that this is because of the censorship at the time and that Marlowe's intention is that Barabas is totally rad.
* DrivenToSuicide: [[spoiler:Bajazeth]] in ''Tamburlaine''
* DudeWheresMyRespect: Edward II. Yes he's gay but he's still the King, dammit! That flies about as well as you might imagine in [[MedievalMorons medieval Europe.]]
* TheEpic: ''Tamburlaine''
* FaceDeathWithDignity: Mortimer at the end of ''Edward II'':
--> '''Mortimer''': Base Fortune, now I see, that in thy wheel\\
There is a point, to which when men aspire, \\
They tumble headlong down: that point I touch’d, \\
And, seeing there was no place to mount up higher, \\
Why should I grieve at my declining fall?—\\
Farewell, fair queen; weep not for Mortimer,\\
That scorns the world, and, as a traveller,\\
Goes to discover countries yet unknown. [[note]]This comparison of death to a traveller to discover countries yet unknown is similar to Theatre/{{Hamlet}}'s famous soliloquy describing death as "the undiscovered country" from which "no traveller returns". It was likely an intentional ShoutOut to Marlowe[[/note]]
** Edward II also insists on facing death with dignity but he's been horribly treated (imprisoned in a cell where the castle's privy shaft offloads toilet-water with shit and urine into the room) and Lightborn intends to brutally torture him to death, that his agony is prolonged, painful and humiliating what with the AssShove.
* FromNobodyToNightmare: "Tamburlaine? He's just a sheep herder..."
* GambitPileup: Edward II is so densely plotted with many gambits and factions that it's amazing the story works on the whole.
* GrayAndGreyMorality: All over the place in Marlowe's plays where there are almost no purely good characters anywhere. One reason that ''The Jew of Malta'' is less racist than ''The Merchant of Venice'' is that the Christian characters are just as corrupt and venal as the hero (whereas Shakespeare says that the quality of Christianity is "mercy") and as Barabas points out above, they are ''worse'', because they created him and act like hypocrites while AtLeastIAdmitIt.
* GreedyJew: ''The Jew of Malta'' but as Barabas points out, he is what [[SocietyIsToBlame the Christians made them]].
* HeroicComedicSociopath: Because of ValuesDissonance and the fact that he's [[AffablyEvil very entertaining in his evil schemes]] the audience may end up [[RootingForTheEmpire rooting for]] [[VillainProtagonist The Jew of Malta.]]
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Creator/NiccoloMachiavelli delivers the prologue to ''The Jew of Malta'', he makes pithy comments on how "I consider religion a childish toy." which fits with the Elizabethan perception of the Florentine. ''Edward II'' is also a historical play.
* HistoricalHeroUpgrade: Edward II is considered by historians to be a very weak king and ruler, so much so that Marlowe's play is considered the most sympathetic portrayal of the character in both fiction and history. In the play, Edward II heroically supports his lower-class lover over a corrupt nobility that seeks to keep them apart, who refuse any compromise and whose death is stomach churning and painful.
* HyperlinkStory: His ''Edward II'' comes very close to this. Despite the title, Edward II is not really the central hero, and he has equal presence with Mortimer, with Isabella, with Kent and others. A lot of the decisive actions and best lines are done by one-scene characters like Lightborn, and Gaveston despite casting a good impression dies midway through the story.
* JerkAssGods: Jupiter and Hera in ''Dido, Queen of Carthage'', even Venus is hardly friendly with Aeneas, while Jupiter is described to be molesting Ganymede.



* TheKillerBecomesTheKilled: [[spoiler: Lightborne immediately after killing the king is killed by the other conspirators [[HeKnowsTooMuch to keep his silence.]]]]
* LeaveNoSurvivors: When one kingdom sends in their maidens pleading that Tamburlaine have mercy on them his response is essentially '[[KickTheDog you should have surrendered when I gave you the chance.]]'
* LoverAndBeloved: Zeus and Ganymede in ''Dido, Queen of Carthage''. Edward II and Piers Gaveston in ''Edward II''.
* NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast: [[LouisCypher Lightborne]] from ''Edward II''.
* [[ParentalMarriageVeto Parental Relationship Veto]]: ''Edward II''. As soon as his dad is dead he gets together with Gaveston.
* ProfessionalKiller: Lightborne in ''Edward II''
* PuppetKing: In ''Edward II'' the other members of the DeadlyDecadentCourt fear [[EvilChancellor Gaveston's influence]] on the king.



* RoaringRampageOfRevenge: ''The Jew of Malta''.
* RoyalBrat: ''Edward II''. His son "Edward III" is a rare positive version since he uses his authority to drive away usurpers and treacherous courtiers.
* SacredHospitality: The violation of this by a conspirator of Edward II is a crucial plot in the play.
* SelfMadeMan: Tamburlaine. Sheep-herder turned world conqueror.
* StarcrossedLovers: Edward II and Gaveston, Dido and Aeneas.
* StockholmSyndrome: Zenocrete in ''Tamburlaine''.
* TakeOverTheWorld: ''Tamburlaine''.
* ThenLetMeBeEvil: In ''The Jew of Malta'' the protagonist gets cheated out of his fortune by those in power who hold the attitude that [[GreedyJew Jews are greedy and evil]], [[{{Hypocrite}} oh and by the way make more money so we can cheat you out of it again.]] This is his StartOfDarkness because he decides if he's going to be considered wicked no matter what he does he might as well show them true villainy and give them something to really complain about.
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: ''Edward II'' and ''Tamburlaine''
* VillainProtagonist: ''The Jew of Malta'', ''Tamburlaine''.



** He also opened one play, ''Dido, Queen of Carthage'', with a love scene between [[Myth/ClassicalMythology Zeus and Ganymede]], though that was already shipped for him.
* WomanScorned: ''Dido, Queen of Carthage'' is a classical example.
* {{Yandere}}: Isabella in ''Edward II'' starts off insanely jealous of the affection Edward lavishes on Gaveston, which is one of the reasons she conspires with the nobles, in particular her [[{{hypocrite}} lover]] Mortimer Jr., to [[MurderTheHypotenuse have Gaveston done away with]].
* YaoiGuys: [[{{Uke}} Edward II]] with [[{{Seme}} Gaveston]]
* YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness: In ''Tamburlaine'' [[spoiler: Tamburlaine does this to the conspirators when he takes the Persian crown.]] Also [[spoiler: Lightborne]] in ''Edward II''.
* YouKilledMyFather: ''Tamburlaine'' and ''Edward II'' where the young Prince avenges his father's death by conspirators[[note]]And probably greatly inspired Theatre/{{Hamlet}}[[/note]]
* YoungConqueror: ''Tamburlaine''

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** He also opened one play, ''Dido, Queen of Carthage'', with a love scene between [[Myth/ClassicalMythology Zeus and Ganymede]], though that was already shipped for him.
* WomanScorned: ''Dido, Queen of Carthage'' is a classical example.
* {{Yandere}}: Isabella in ''Edward II'' starts off insanely jealous of the affection Edward lavishes on Gaveston, which is one of the reasons she conspires with the nobles, in particular her [[{{hypocrite}} lover]] Mortimer Jr., to [[MurderTheHypotenuse have Gaveston done away with]].
* YaoiGuys: [[{{Uke}} Edward II]] with [[{{Seme}} Gaveston]]
* YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness: In ''Tamburlaine'' [[spoiler: Tamburlaine does this to the conspirators when he takes the Persian crown.]] Also [[spoiler: Lightborne]] in ''Edward II''.
* YouKilledMyFather: ''Tamburlaine'' and ''Edward II'' where the young Prince avenges his father's death by conspirators[[note]]And probably greatly inspired Theatre/{{Hamlet}}[[/note]]
* YoungConqueror: ''Tamburlaine''
12th Jun '16 7:05:35 PM PaulA
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* BreakTheHaughty: The VillainProtagonist by the third act of any Christopher Marlowe play. (''Tamburlaine'', ''The Jew of Malta'', ''Theatre/DoctorFaustus'', etc.)
* ByronicHero: Doctor Faustus, Tamburlaine, Barabbas. Indeed, had it not been for Lord Byron, this might well have been called the Marlowean Hero.

to:

* BreakTheHaughty: The VillainProtagonist by the third act of any Christopher Marlowe play. (''Tamburlaine'', ''The Jew of Malta'', ''Theatre/DoctorFaustus'', etc.)
* ByronicHero: Doctor Faustus, Tamburlaine, Barabbas.Barabbas, among others. Indeed, had it not been for Lord Byron, this might well have been called the Marlowean Hero.



* DoNotDoThisCoolThing: ''The Jew of Malta'' has the flashy MagnificentBastard VillainProtagonist that is the [[EvilIsCool coolest character in the show and wins at absolutely everything]], but then gets [[spoiler:boiled alive]] in the last five minutes as if to say that "we aren't supposed to root for them" was invoked. Some argue that this is because of the censorship at the time and that Marlowe's intention is that Barabas and Dr. Faustus for that matter is totally rad.

to:

* DoNotDoThisCoolThing: ''The Jew of Malta'' has the flashy MagnificentBastard VillainProtagonist that is the [[EvilIsCool coolest character in the show and wins at absolutely everything]], but then gets [[spoiler:boiled alive]] in the last five minutes as if to say that "we aren't supposed to root for them" was invoked. Some argue that this is because of the censorship at the time and that Marlowe's intention is that Barabas and Dr. Faustus for that matter is totally rad. rad.



** Doctor Faustus can likewise be [[ComedicSociopathy cruel and funny.]]



** ''Dr. Faustus'' has Mephistopheles and Hell, but Faustus begins the drama by rejecting religion and Mephistopheles implies that hell and damnation means something different from how Christianity has concieved it.
12th Jun '16 6:59:15 PM PaulA
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* PrideBeforeAFall: The VillainProtagonist by the third act of any Christopher Marlowe play. (''Tamburlaine'', ''The Jew of Malta'', ''Theatre/DoctorFaustus'', etc.)
12th Jun '16 6:58:49 PM PaulA
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10th Jun '16 10:07:36 PM Teakay
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* CompositeCharacter: In ''Edward II'', John Maltravers (Matrevis) and the Earl of Arundel -- by the time he was writing, the Arundel and Maltravers titles were held by the same person.
28th May '16 5:54:43 PM Fireblood
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** Rupert Everett plays Marlowe similarly in ''Film/ShakespeareInLove'' giving professional advice and some uncredited doctoring on ''Romeo and Juliet'' and then being killed by Shakespeare's nemesis in a case of PoorCommunicationKills. Marlowe's death wracks Shakespeare with guilt.

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** Rupert Everett plays Marlowe similarly in ''Film/ShakespeareInLove'' giving professional advice and some uncredited doctoring on ''Romeo and Juliet'' and then being killed by Shakespeare's killed, which Shakespeare at first thinks was actually meant for him since he had pretended to be Marlowe, believing that his nemesis in a case of PoorCommunicationKills.Lord Wessex is behind it. Marlowe's death wracks Shakespeare with guilt. However, it later turns out his death was simply due to a tavern brawl, like historically happened.
23rd Feb '16 6:07:55 AM JulianLapostat
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* YouKilledMyFather: ''Tamburlaine''

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* YouKilledMyFather: ''Tamburlaine''''Tamburlaine'' and ''Edward II'' where the young Prince avenges his father's death by conspirators[[note]]And probably greatly inspired Theatre/{{Hamlet}}[[/note]]
23rd Feb '16 6:06:34 AM JulianLapostat
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* HyperlinkStory: His ''Edward II'' comes very close to this. Despite the title, Edward II is not really the central hero, and he has equal presence with Mortimer, with Isabella, with Kent and others. A lot of the decisive actions and best lines are done by one-scene characters like Lightborn, and Gaveston despite casting a good impression dies midway through the story.


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* SacredHospitality: The violation of this by a conspirator of Edward II is a crucial plot in the play.
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Creator.ChristopherMarlowe