History ConspiracyTheories / OToZ

22nd Jul '16 2:45:53 PM HamburgerTime
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* Back in the 1920's, Margaret Murray claimed that there was an "Old Religion" in Europe predating Christianity (all the way back to the stone age!) that had secretly survived under the Church's nose for centuries. Witch hunts were an attempt at wiping these people out once and for all. Oh, and Joan of Arc was a voluntary human sacrifice for this pagan cult. Despite the fact that she has been completely discredited (her claims have pretty much no basis in fact, and some of her "facts" were completely twisted), many new agers and pagans continue to believe the myth she's propagated.

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* Back in the 1920's, Margaret Murray claimed that there was an "Old Religion" in Europe predating Christianity (all the way back to the stone age!) that had secretly survived under the Church's nose for centuries. Witch hunts were an attempt at wiping these people out once and for all.all, and the popular depiction of {{Satan}} as having horns and goatlike characteristics came about as an attempt to discredit this religion's chief god, who possessed these traits. Oh, and Joan of Arc was a voluntary human sacrifice for this pagan cult. Despite the fact that she has been completely discredited (her claims have pretty much no basis in fact, and some of her "facts" were completely twisted), many new agers and pagans continue to believe the myth she's propagated.
3rd Jul '16 9:14:49 PM HamburgerTime
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** There was actually an extended journalistic investigation into this by [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gary_Webb#Dark_Alliance_series Gary Webb]] for the Mercury News, which was a major influence over the conspiracy theory; there's more substantive evidence for it that most of the theories on this page, though it may have gone overboard, particularly as it was retold over the decades.

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** There was actually an extended journalistic investigation into this by [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gary_Webb#Dark_Alliance_series Gary Webb]] for the Mercury News, which was a major influence over the conspiracy theory; there's more substantive evidence for it that most of the theories on this page, though it may have gone overboard, particularly as it was retold over the decades. Webb would commit suicide in 2004, perhaps inevitably becoming the subject of a conspiracy theory himself (see 'Famous People').



* "*insert distrusted group here* is trying to sabotage our country from the inside!" is a favorite [[YouCanPanicNow scare tactic]] of nationalist groups and authoritarian governments, and one that can very easily lead to tragic consequences. The most famous is the "stab-in-the back" myth, a rumor spread by the Nazis that the Jews deliberately spoiled the Central Powers' war effort in UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, which is covered in more detail in the "Jews/Israel" section, and it was commonly claimed by racists during the 1950s and 1960s in the United States that activists such as Martin Luther King were in bed with the Communist countries. The above-mentioned Eurabia and Reconquista theories can be considered modern-day variations. The "other" in this case isn't always an ethnic group, either; many Communist regimes staged mass executions of the rich for similar reasons.

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* "*insert distrusted group here* is trying to sabotage our country from the inside!" is a favorite [[YouCanPanicNow scare tactic]] of nationalist groups and authoritarian governments, and one that can very easily lead to tragic consequences. The most famous is the "stab-in-the back" myth, a rumor spread by the Nazis that the Jews deliberately spoiled the Central Powers' war effort in UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, which is covered in more detail in the "Jews/Israel" section, and it was commonly claimed by racists during the 1950s and 1960s in the United States that activists such as Martin Luther King were in bed with the Communist countries. The above-mentioned Eurabia and Reconquista theories can be considered modern-day variations. The "other" in this case isn't always an ethnic group, either; many Communist regimes staged [[EatTheRich mass executions of the rich rich]] for similar reasons.
1st Jul '16 11:50:11 AM dspitzle
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Added DiffLines:

** There was actually an extended journalistic investigation into this by [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gary_Webb#Dark_Alliance_series Gary Webb]] for the Mercury News, which was a major influence over the conspiracy theory; there's more substantive evidence for it that most of the theories on this page, though it may have gone overboard, particularly as it was retold over the decades.
28th Jun '16 9:22:17 PM AllenbysEyes88
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* Many theories about the terrorist attack on the US Diplomatic Mission in Benghazi, Libya in September 2012 lean towards conspiracy theory. Reasonable critics suggest that President Barack Obama (and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton) failed to provide sufficient protection against attack, whether through simple oversight failure or underestimating the danger posed by Libyan extremists. Not satisfied with this mundane explanation, many conservatives imply (in fact, some outright state) that Clinton and Obama ordered a deliberate stand down of Mission security, then refused to authorize a rescue as the attack took place. Why Obama and Clinton would invite such an attack or allow terrorists to murder their Ambassador and his staff goes unsaid.

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* Many theories about the terrorist attack on the US Diplomatic Mission in Benghazi, Libya in September 2012 lean towards conspiracy theory. Reasonable critics suggest that President Barack Obama (and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton) failed to provide sufficient protection against attack, whether through simple oversight failure or underestimating the danger posed by Libyan extremists. Not satisfied with this mundane explanation, many conservatives imply (in fact, some outright state) that Clinton and Obama ordered a deliberate stand down of Mission security, then refused to authorize a rescue as the attack took place. Why Obama and Clinton would invite such an attack or allow terrorists to murder their Ambassador and his staff goes unsaid.unsaid, except by the most fringe theorists who postulate they did it ForTheEvulz.
28th Jun '16 9:21:08 PM AllenbysEyes88
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* Many theories about the terrorist attack on the US Diplomatic Mission in Benghazi, Libya in September 2012 lean towards conspiracy theory. Reasonable critics suggest that President Barack Obama (and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton) failed to provide sufficient protection against attack, whether through simple oversight or underestimating the danger posed by Libyan extremists. Not satisfied with this mundane explanation, many conservatives imply (in fact, some outright state) that Clinton and Obama ordered a deliberate stand down of Mission security, then refused to authorize rescue missions as the attack took place. Left unsaid is why Obama and Clinton would invite such an attack or allow terrorists to murder their Ambassador and his staff.

to:

* Many theories about the terrorist attack on the US Diplomatic Mission in Benghazi, Libya in September 2012 lean towards conspiracy theory. Reasonable critics suggest that President Barack Obama (and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton) failed to provide sufficient protection against attack, whether through simple oversight failure or underestimating the danger posed by Libyan extremists. Not satisfied with this mundane explanation, many conservatives imply (in fact, some outright state) that Clinton and Obama ordered a deliberate stand down of Mission security, then refused to authorize a rescue missions as the attack took place. Left unsaid is why Why Obama and Clinton would invite such an attack or allow terrorists to murder their Ambassador and his staff.staff goes unsaid.
28th Jun '16 9:18:57 PM AllenbysEyes88
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Added DiffLines:

* Many theories about the terrorist attack on the US Diplomatic Mission in Benghazi, Libya in September 2012 lean towards conspiracy theory. Reasonable critics suggest that President Barack Obama (and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton) failed to provide sufficient protection against attack, whether through simple oversight or underestimating the danger posed by Libyan extremists. Not satisfied with this mundane explanation, many conservatives imply (in fact, some outright state) that Clinton and Obama ordered a deliberate stand down of Mission security, then refused to authorize rescue missions as the attack took place. Left unsaid is why Obama and Clinton would invite such an attack or allow terrorists to murder their Ambassador and his staff.
7th Jun '16 8:11:00 PM igordebraga
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* There are some who believe that the [[UsefulNotes/AmericanFootball National Football League]] has been deliberately thwarting every effort to establish or move a franchise to UsefulNotes/LosAngeles, in order to allow teams in all the other cities to use the implied threat of moving to convince cities and local fans to build them a new stadium with tax money. The fact that the 15 years since the two franchises left has coincided with a major stadium boom hasn't helped.\\

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* There are some who believe that the [[UsefulNotes/AmericanFootball National Football League]] has had been deliberately thwarting every effort to establish or move a franchise to UsefulNotes/LosAngeles, in order to allow teams in all the other cities to use the implied threat of moving to convince cities and local fans to build them a new stadium with tax money. The fact that the 15 22 years since between the two franchises left has Raiders and Rams leaving town and the latter returning from St. Louis had coincided with a major stadium boom hasn't helped.\\



The real reason for this is as follows: Until recently, the city of Los Angeles would not approve an NFL team playing anywhere but the LA Memorial Coliseum, the home of the old LA Raiders and current home of the [[UsefulNotes/CollegiateAmericanFootball USC Trojans]], since that stadium had powerful backers on the City Council. Problem was, the NFL would never return to the Coliseum, as the stadium is smack-dab in the middle of [[WretchedHive South Central]] and has too many seats to avoid TV blackout rules. There are also legal entanglements (the Davis family, who moved the Raiders back to Oakland in 1995, still claim rights over the Los Angeles area), and West Coast teams are a nightmare for the NFL's already byzantine television scheduling. The city council finally approved a new stadium in September 2012.

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The real reason for this is as follows: Until recently, the city of Los Angeles would not approve an NFL team playing anywhere but the LA Memorial Coliseum, where both the home of the old LA Rams and Raiders played and is the current home of the [[UsefulNotes/CollegiateAmericanFootball USC Trojans]], since that stadium had powerful backers on the City Council. Problem was, the NFL would never return to the Coliseum, as the stadium is smack-dab in the middle of [[WretchedHive South Central]] and has too many seats to avoid TV blackout rules. There are also legal entanglements (the Davis family, who moved the Raiders back to Oakland in 1995, still claim rights over the Los Angeles area), and West Coast teams are a nightmare for the NFL's already byzantine television scheduling. After the Rams' ownership managed to get a stadium in nearby Inglewood[[note]]Former host of two LA teams, the NBA's Lakers and NHL's Kings, in The Forum[[/note]] approved in 2015 while the St. Louis city council finally approved a new didn't go through regarding renovations of their home in Missouri, the team was back in LA the following year (using the Coliseum until [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/City_of_Champions_Stadium the Inglewood stadium in September 2012.is done]]).



** The [[UsefulNotes/NationalHockeyLeague NHL]], whose Commissioner Gary Bettman used to work for Stern, is also accused of bias (in this case, towards the United States, given Canada hasn't won the Stanley Cup since Bettman's first year in charge; the fact he was responsible of expansion towards some non-traditional US markets doesn't help) and rigging the draft lottery (like with Ewing, the post-lockout 2005 draft was accused of being set so the Pittsburgh Penguins would get generational player Sidney Crosby).



** The DarkHorseVictory by West Germany in 1954, over an Hungary team that hadn't lost in over 2 years and only started having troubles in the playoffs (in the group staged they trounced the same German team - because the coach deliberately put the reserves, to both hide the team's true strength and avoid a rematch with the Magyars until the final). Some accuse the "Miracle of Bern" of only happening due to the Germans using performance-enhancing drugs in the dressing room.

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** The DarkHorseVictory by West Germany in 1954, over an Hungary team that hadn't lost in over 2 years and only started having troubles trouble in the playoffs (in the group staged they trounced the same German team - because the coach deliberately put the reserves, to both hide the team's true strength and avoid a rematch with the Magyars until the final). Some accuse the "Miracle of Bern" of only happening due to the Germans using performance-enhancing drugs in the dressing room.



** In 1998, defending champions Brazil entered the final against host France, and were beaten 3-0, with star Ronaldo visibly in bad conditions and everyone else also not playing well. The official story is that Ronaldo [[HeroicBSOD had a convulsion the day of the match]], and seeing that affected his companions deeply. But of course some didn't accept this - or the fact that the French had a strong team that even a healthy Brazil would have problems - and believe Brazil "sold" the final to win the next one (which they did).

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** In 1998, defending champions Brazil entered the final against host France, and were beaten 3-0, with star Ronaldo visibly in bad conditions and everyone else also not playing well. The official story is that Ronaldo [[HeroicBSOD had a convulsion the day of the match]], and seeing that affected his companions deeply. But of course some didn't accept this - or the fact that the French had a strong team that even a healthy Brazil would have problems facing - and believe Brazil "sold" the final to win the next one (which they did).
27th May '16 10:04:43 PM N.Harmonik
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* [[TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt Biblical doomsday!]] Starting around 300 BCE, apocalypticism (the belief that the world was caught in an epic struggle between good and evil and that good would eventually triumph any day now) took hold in Judaism. Writings of near-future apocalypses and other types of apocalypses became a literary genre in their own right; the Book of Daniel was just one of ''many'' that cropped up during this period. This only accelerated with the birth of Christianity, especially after the 19th century introduction of the concept of [[CaughtUpInTheRapture the Rapture]] to the world of theology. For centuries, people have been tripping over themselves in their excitement to see it arrive as soon as possible. Despite calculation after calculation failing to deliver on its promise of TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt, the conspiratorially-minded have been re-estimating their numbers despite failing so many times

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* [[TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt Biblical doomsday!]] Starting around 300 BCE, apocalypticism (the belief that the world was caught in an epic struggle between good and evil and that good would eventually triumph any day now) took hold in Judaism. Writings of near-future apocalypses and other types of apocalypses became a literary genre in their own right; the Book of Daniel was just one of ''many'' that cropped up during this period. This only accelerated with the birth of Christianity, especially after the 19th century introduction of the concept of [[CaughtUpInTheRapture the Rapture]] to the world of theology. For centuries, people have been tripping over themselves in their excitement to see it arrive as soon as possible. Despite calculation after calculation failing to deliver on its promise of TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt, the conspiratorially-minded have been re-estimating their numbers despite failing so many timestimes.



-->''[[http://www.isaac-newton.org/newton_2060.htm So then the time times & half a time are 42 months or 1260 days or three years & an half, reckoning twelve months to a year & 30 days to a month as was done in the Calendar of the primitive year. And the days of short lived Beasts being put for the years of lived [sic for “long lived”] kingdoms, the period of 1260 days, if dated from the complete conquest of the three kings A.C. 800, will end A.C. 2060. It may end later, but I see no reason for its ending sooner.]]''P

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-->''[[http://www.isaac-newton.org/newton_2060.htm So then the time times & half a time are 42 months or 1260 days or three years & an half, reckoning twelve months to a year & 30 days to a month as was done in the Calendar of the primitive year. And the days of short lived Beasts being put for the years of lived [sic for “long lived”] kingdoms, the period of 1260 days, if dated from the complete conquest of the three kings A.C. 800, will end A.C. 2060. It may end later, but I see no reason for its ending sooner.]]''P]]''
21st May '16 9:33:07 AM erforce
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* Remember the [[MillenniumBug [=Y2K=] bug]]? Back in the day, most computers only calculated the last two digits of the year in the date and time. When the year 2000 rolled around, the computer's internal clock would reset to "01/01/00," which would supposedly cause it to crash. Combine this with the increasing computerization of society, and people were proclaiming that on January 1, 2000, society would be sent back to the Dark Ages as electricity failed worldwide, planes fell out of the sky, and [[Film/{{Ghostbusters}} cats and dogs started living together]]. Businesses, schools, and the government spent the late '90s working to "[=Y2K=]-proof" their computer systems in order to keep them running after the big 2-0 rolled around, providing a lot of easy work for young computer programmers at the height of the "dot-com" boom. And also work for a lot of older computer programmers, since COBOL was an almost dead language when people started getting concerned about [=Y2K=].

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* Remember the [[MillenniumBug [=Y2K=] bug]]? Back in the day, most computers only calculated the last two digits of the year in the date and time. When the year 2000 rolled around, the computer's internal clock would reset to "01/01/00," which would supposedly cause it to crash. Combine this with the increasing computerization of society, and people were proclaiming that on January 1, 2000, society would be sent back to the Dark Ages as electricity failed worldwide, planes fell out of the sky, and [[Film/{{Ghostbusters}} [[Film/{{Ghostbusters 1984}} cats and dogs started living together]]. Businesses, schools, and the government spent the late '90s working to "[=Y2K=]-proof" their computer systems in order to keep them running after the big 2-0 rolled around, providing a lot of easy work for young computer programmers at the height of the "dot-com" boom. And also work for a lot of older computer programmers, since COBOL was an almost dead language when people started getting concerned about [=Y2K=].
5th May '16 6:57:27 AM DesertDragon
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* The chemtrail theory claims that chemicals are being deliberately sprayed by planes into the atmosphere, either to manipulate the weather or to poison/drug the populace. The name comes from the supposed trails of chemicals left behind by the planes, which resemble the contrails left by jet aircraft (causing many skeptics to question whether the "chemtrails" aren't just ordinary contrails). Note that this is not related to cloud seeding (releasing particles into the upper atmosphere to facilitate condensation and create clouds), although some claim that the two are connected.

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* The chemtrail theory claims that chemicals are being deliberately sprayed by planes into the atmosphere, either to manipulate the weather or to poison/drug the populace. The name comes from the supposed trails of chemicals left behind by the planes, which resemble the normal contrails left by jet aircraft (causing many skeptics to question whether the "chemtrails" aren't just ordinary contrails). Note that this is not related to cloud seeding (releasing particles into the upper atmosphere to facilitate condensation and create clouds), although some claim that the two are connected.



*** Well, normal aircraft contrails ''have'' been proven to contribute to Global Dimming...

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*** Well, normal aircraft contrails ''have'' been proven ** Many theorists cite photos of airplane interiors filled with liquid tanks as "proof" of the plane being used to contribute release chemicals. In ''reality'', the liquid is water and it doesn't leave the plane. A common practice for testing new airliners is to Global Dimming...have tubes of water coursing through the plane to simulate passengers and flight crew walking around and shifting the weight.
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=ConspiracyTheories.OToZ