Alternate Character Interpretation: Is Billy murdering everyone in the Asylum, variant and Murkoff, because he's an Omnicidal Maniac... or is he aware that without people there will be no more hosts and eventually he will die when the systems fail due to no-one monitoring them and that the Walrider will then have no host and die and murdering everyone inside Mount Massive is the only way of keeping the world safe from the Walrider?
Author's Saving Throw: The ending to Whistleblower is this for fans who disliked the ending of the original game.
The ending's becoming quite controversial, especially on YouTube. Some were disappointed with it because Miles suffered through so much and players put so much effort into escaping the asylum, only to get anticlimactically shot to death, thus rendering everything pointless. Others enjoyed the fact that Miles didn't make it out alive because they expected it, and it fit the tone of the game. The same people also liked that the Walrider wasn't stopped, since it could lead to a possible sequel. And then the DLC came out and retconned Miles' death, or at least revealed it was a Disney Death, if his survival was intended all along.
There's some debate over whether or not Outlast 2 should include the ability to fight. Some claim adding one would take away from Outlast's unique method of play as well as the atmosphere of helplessness, while other argue it would make gameplay less frustrating (and would combat the Fridge Logic of why Miles or Waylon don't at least attempt to salvage some sort of weapon from their surroundings)
Is Outlast ableist against the mentally ill? For some, it's the latest example of media portraying the mentally ill as violent and dangerous, using them and the abuse heaped against them for cheap scares. The game's defenders (some of whom are in fact mentally ill) point out that the game — through the files, notes, and characters such as the Pyro — makes VERY clear that the inmates' violent tendencies are the result of Murkoff's inhumane experiments and torture rather than mental illness, and that most came to the asylum to seek psychiatric help for their genuine psychological problems (such as addiction, PTSD, schizoaffective disorder, etc). There's also the fact that only a few of the inmates are actually violent towards you, with the rest mostly cowering away or catatonic.
Whether Outlast 2 should have a female protagonist, or at least have female characters. Some worry that, given the games' frequent use of sexual violence and nudity as well as the horror genre's reputation for using women solely for titillation, female characters would only be eye candy with their torture played for Fanservice rather than horror. Others think female characters would bring much-needed diversity to the horror genre, and that the game has already set up a significant plot thread regarding the Walrider's effect on female patients as well as provided a potential female antagonist (Helen Granat).
Fandom's treatment of Eddie Gluskin has faced increasing backlash, with many angry over him getting the woobie treatment despite being a truly vile Serial Killer who attempts to mutilate and rape the main protagonist.
Seeing Miles fight back against Trager and have him crushed between the floors of an elevator is especially satisfying since he cut off your fingers.
After getting chased and thrown around by Chris Walker throughout most of the game, it's satisfying to see him get thrown around like a ragdoll by the Walrider before being pureed through an airduct fan.
Similarly, the same thing happening to Blaire in the end of Whistleblower, especially after he had deliberately screwed you over so many times now, along with all the other atrocities committed under his watch.
There's also Eddie getting impaled on a metal pipe after attempting to kill/mutilate you.
Complete Monster: Jeremy Blaire is the Executive Vice President of the Murkoff Corporation and the man in charge of Mount Massive Asylum. On Blaire's orders, the patients, many who came seeking genuine mental help, are psychologically tortured to the point of insanity to be used as test subjects in the Morphogenic Engine. While most inevitably die, a marginal few were successful enough to serve as hosts of the Walrider, which Murkoff sought to use as a weapon. Despite the catastrophic effect the process has on women, Blaire also sought to use them as test subjects to increase profits. He is also shown to be willing to use potential leaks such as Waylon Park as test subjects to silence them. During the events of the game, Blaire does everything in his power to ensure no one escapes the asylum alive except for himself to ensure that he and his fellow executives can escape justice. Never shown to be insane like Trager or regretful like Wernicke, Jeremy Blaire can be held responsible for every atrocity and act of horror committed and all to satisfy his insatiable greed.
Critical Dissonance: Downplayed. Whilst critics have been giving Outlast good to average reviews, it is received more favorably by players.
After being chased by the crazed Dr. Trager for a level, Miles kills him by pulling him partway into a descending elevator, crushing him. If you pull out your camcorder to record it, Miles' note is remarkably laconic: "How to make Trager juice. Step 1: squeeze."
Father Martin's death by self-immolation is pretty disturbing, to say the least. However, if you record it, Miles' note regarding the situation is a hysterical case of Mood Whiplash: "I can't believe Father Martin one-upped Jesus Christ himself in shitty ways to die."
At one point in Whistleblower, you can see an inmate holding a severed head... and playing basketball with it.
Gluskin. The guy captures other inmates and severs their private parts. Why? To make them pass as women. Make of that what you will. For many, it crosses back over when we get to see his "process". Legs hurt yet?
The labs are brightly lit unlike the dark areas seen before, and tends towards linear chases rather than the nerve-wracking stealth you've seen up until that point.
Averted with Whistleblower: the final act is a grueling cat-and-mouse chase in the bowels of Mount Massive between Waylon and Gluskin.
Draco in Leather Pants: Eddie Gluskin of all people has a lot of female fans. His tumblr tag is rife with fanart and ask blogs. Some people know and accept that he's evil and love him for it; others seem to downplay or outright ignore the fact that he's a dangerous psychopath.
Fan Nickname: Chris Walker's actual name is fairly easy to miss and is quite a ways into the game. He's as such occasionally called the "Pigman," due to his Terms of Endangerment to Miles, "Little Pig".
Genius Bonus: The painting in Wernicke's cell is Prometheus. Like Wernicke he brought forbidden knowledge to humanity and was punished with imprisonment.
Hilarious in Hindsight: In Markiplier's Let's Play of the game, a running joke is that the reason for Chris Walker's rampage is that he's just looking for his teddy bear. The tie-in comics revealed that Chris Walker actually did still have a stuffed toy from his childhood, and he brought it with him when he was committed to Mount Massive Asylum. The toy in question? A little pig.
Jerkass Woobie: Documents reveal that Chris Walker is a former military police officer who's likely suffering from PTSD. A document from later in the game reveals that he's actually trying to contain the Walrider by killing everyone he sees, hence why he keeps chasing you. Miles lampshades this after the Walrider tears Walker apart in front of him.
Gluskin. There's no excusing what he's done, but his backstory of being sexually abused by his father and uncle does give him sympathy points.
The Variants as a whole. Apart from Gluskin (who was a Serial Killer to begin with) and Trager (a Corrupt Corporate Executive) all of them were simply mentally ill individuals who were twisted into murderous beings as a result of Murkoff's torture. A number of them won't even bother attacking you, preferring to simply curl up in a corner or against a wall cowering.
For a game centered around Body Horror, insanity, science gone wrong and horrific imagery in general, the Outlast tags on Tumblr and Archive of Our Own feature a lot of fans shipping Eddie and Waylon, drawing cutesy fan art for the game, and turning the crazed serial killers into misunderstood bishies.
Gluskin often turned into a bishonen, as some people tend to outright ignore or downplay the fact that he was a serial killer before he was subjected to the Morphogenic Engine. A small minority of Eddie fans have gone one step further and applied the Ron the Death Eater treatment to Waylon for a) not intervening at the beginning when Eddie is being forced into the sphere, and b) for daring to "reject" Eddie.
Narm: Some feel that the highly detailed Facial Horror and Gorn are so over the top that it ruins the realism of the setting and makes some of the inmates almost cartoony.
Andrew, the doctor who licks Waylon's face at the beginning while he is strapped down for morphogenic therapy.
The inmate who lets Waylon out calls him a "pretty flower" and promises to "make him purr".
Frank Manera's dialogue has creepy, suggestive connotations ("Gorgeous. Just the smell!") Waylon even describes Manera as looking at him with a hint of "desire"
Eddie Gluskin, a Serial Killer who alternates between wooing him and calling him sexual slurs and at one point tries to castrate him so that he can be the perfect "bride".
One-Scene Wonder: While plenty of inmates only show up briefly, the pyro inmate probably embodies this trope the best. He seems relatively composed, and his dialogue is a massive Tear Jerker... only making it worse when he tries to kill you for putting out his fires.
Paranoia Fuel: Probably one of the scariest things about this game is that most of the inmates don't attack you, so you never know when one will attack you. It overall makes nowhere feel safe.
The Jump Scare with the decapitated corpses in the library.
Trager cutting Miles' fingers off.
Gluskin castrating and murdering two men on a tablesaw while Waylon is Forced to Watch.
Squick: During the opening scenes of the Whistleblower DLC, you can hear two doctors discussing a patient's recent dreams/hallucinations during an Engine experiment. A few key phrases are highlighted by one as overarching themes in the dreams: Childhood memories, reptilian features, and sexual connotations. Lampshaded in that, if you wait and listen, the last line from those two before the dialogue repeats is one talking about how he "doesn't want to think about a little kid fucking a crocodile".
Let's face it, the games run on this.
Viewer Gender Confusion: It's not uncommon for players to mistake Dennis for a woman initially, given his high-pitched voice.
What an Idiot!: When Miles is told that the staff of Mount Massive Asylum are conducting experiments on the inmates, instead of contacting the police and bringing them along to investigate, he decides to break into the place at night by himself and sneak around recording everything while hoping to not get caught by anyone. He doesn't even bring any weapons with him to defend himself from the staff, who would obviously try to capture or kill him if they really were doing such things.
Wimpification: Poor Waylon gets hit with this hard. Despite repeatedly demonstrating Badass Normal tendencies (And y'know, being married. To a woman he clearly loves. And has two kids with.) fans often turn him into a weepy Uke repeatedly subjected to physical, mental and sexual abuse. The character he's most frequently shipped with? Eddie Gluskin, a Serial Killer who alternates between wooing him and calling him sexual slurs and at one point tries to castrate him so that he can be the perfect "bride".
Miles Upshur. He goes into the asylum hoping to bring justice to Murkoff, which he already knew was an immoral company, although not to what extent. Once inside he faces terrifying, gore-soaked scenes, is chased relentlessly by several inmates, and goes through insane amounts of pain - being thrown through windows, drugged and knocked unconscious, sliced by shears and beaten with pipes and fists, and so on. He is tortured by Trager, losing two of his fingers in the process, and has no supplies to help bandage the stumps. When it finally seems like he might get to leave, he's near-fatally attacked by the Walrider and ends up as its new host. Then he's shot multiple times in the chest! And unlike Waylon, he doesn't seem to have anyone he can use as anchors for mental support, so he ends up using dark humour and bitterness instead. At the very least, Whistleblower reveals that he manages to escape the asylum, although mutilated and possessed by an incredibly deadly, incomprehensible being.
Waylon Park. The man has been having suicidal thoughts throughout the DLC and has a wife and two kids, which makes Gluskin chasing him to force Waylon to be his "bride" a whole lot worse. And for his whistleblowing at the end, Waylon and those that are close to him will likely suffer the consequences. Make worse by the fact that while Miles expresses his angst and frustration through snark and anger, Waylon's journal entry is filled with how he was terrified and miss his family.