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Western Animation / The Small One

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The Small One was a 1978 Disney short (26 minutes) Animated Film directed by Don Bluth. It was a theatrical film released during the Christmas season rather than a televised Christmas Special, serving as the second feature with the 1978 re-release of Disney's Pinocchio. It was Bluth's last full effort for Disney before he left to start his own company.

Initially, it was announced that the director would be Dick Sebast, a live-action film maker. Sebast had joined Disney in 1973 and had been one of the storyboard artists on The Rescuers. However, after that film had been completed, Don was put in charge of The Small One. (Sebast, ironically, would go on to become Story Director for the Dragon's Lair television cartoon.) Besides directing, Bluth wrote two of the film's songs himself: "Small One" and "The Merchants' Song".


The film epitomizes the split that was running through the Disney studios at the time. Though nearly everyone felt that the studio was going through a troubled period, opinions differed as to how to correct the problems, Bluth and his adherents believing that there should be a conscious return to the style of the studio's glory days in the Forties and Fifties, while others suggested a move toward more modern, experimental styles of animation. This dichotomy of styles affects the film itself, with the earlier part of the film harking back to the style of the Phil Harris era of animation, while the latter part of the film takes on the darker tones associated with parts of Pinocchio and Fantasia.

The film is unusual among Disney films for its strong religious theme. It seems to have done respectably well at the Box Office, though not so outstandingly as to make a decisive impact on the direction of the studio over the next years. Nevertheless, it is well remembered for the beauty and grace of its handling, and is arguably one of the best handlings of its holiday theme in animation.


Compare Rankin/Bass Productions' Animated Show Nestor, the Long-Eared Christmas Donkey for a somewhat similar concept.

The Small One contains examples of:

  • Be Careful What You Say: The baker refuses Small One offer by telling that he would rather buy a horse to carry his fat wife. The merchants hear this and get all his money by force before giving him a horse.
  • Berserk Button:
    • Making fun and harming Small One is this to the boy.
    • Don't dare to harm the boy in front of Small one. He may be old and weak, but he can still send flying the auctioneer.
    • And finally, the auctioneer going berserk to them after being humiliated in front of his public.
  • Beware the Nice Ones: Small One is the sweetest, most loving donkey...until the auctioneer pushes the boy to the ground.
  • Big Eater: Played for Drama. The boy's father points out to him that Small One eats more than the other donkeys despite being smaller and weaker. He can't pull a big enough load to warrant the cost of his food anymore and this is the main factor in the decision to sell him.
    • Implied with the baker's wife, as he describes her as a "healthy size".
  • Bittersweet Ending: Mostly sweet, though. Small One gets sold and the boy will never see him again, but he doesn't go to the tanner, he's off to a great destiny, and Joseph is a gentle man who promises he'll be well cared for.
  • Bowdlerise: For the DVD and Disney+ release, a line in "The Merchant's Song" was altered to make it less offensive to Jews (the original version can be found here) and the final shot of the star's light was digitally altered to make it look less like a cross. (Although the lines that form the cross are still the most prominent.)
  • Coming-of-Age Story: The boy has to learn to let go of his best friend while still finding him a good home.
  • Cool Old Guy: Small One might be old and stiff, but he can still work up the energy to play with the boy and send the Jerkass auctioneer flying.
  • Darkest Hour: Near the end, the boy is banned from the auctioneer, nobody besides the tanner seems interested in Small One, and nightfall is coming, with both of the protagonists waiting alone near the tanner's store resigned to reconsider the tanner's offer.
  • Dark Is Not Evil: The Tanner's place comes off as a creepy place and he's rather intimidating when seen through the POV of a small boy, but he's not a cruel man, and is only making a living the same as anyone else in the town. He leans more into True Neutral territory.
  • Earn Your Happy Ending: Hey, it's Don Bluth, what did you expect?
  • Face Death with Dignity: After the auctioneer incident, Small one realizes no one would buy him and leads the boy back to the tanner to end it all. Fortunately, there was still one good man interested in buying and keeping him alive.
  • Fat Bastard: The auctioneer is a big fat one to both the boy and Small One.
  • Foreshadowing: "He's good enough to be in a king's stable!"
    • "Someone still needs you to brighten each day." It's not a stretch to imagine Small One being a loyal, loving friend to Him, just like he was to the boy.
  • Foregone Conclusion: It's about a donkey in Judea. Jesus is bound to show up in the story at some point.
  • Get Out!:
    • The potter tells this to the boy after he refuses his offer.
    • A more aggressive variant occurs when the auctioneer throws a jar and bans the boy after Small One humiliated him.
  • Greedy Jew: The merchants fit the stereotype, as they sing about money and are always ready to make a deal, and are quite mean to the boy and Small One. If it helps any, with the exception of a single Roman guard, every character seen in the film is Jewish.
  • Intellectual Animal: The animals don't talk, but Small One clearly understands everything the humans say, as well as the greater implications of being sold.
  • Jerkass: The Roman guard who gives the boy directions to the tanner, then haughtily laughs.
    • Also, the auctioneer who sarcastically auctioneers Small One while poking fun of him in front of his sellers.
  • Money Song: "The Merchant's Song".
    The Three Merchants: "Clink, clink, clank, clank.
    Get the money to the bank.
    Telling little stories you can trust."
  • No Name Given: Small One is the only character whose name is given. Even St. Joseph's name is never spoken.
  • Nothing Personal:
    • There was no malice in the father's decision to sell Small One. He simply couldn't earn his keep and the father could no longer afford to keep him.
    • Same could be said of the tanner; sure, if he'd made the purchase Small One would have died, but only because it was part of his job. He's not unkind to the Boy, and is straightforward about his intentions for Small One.
  • Reused Character Design: The Boy looks exactly like Mowgli with clothes on.
  • Ridiculously Cute Critter: Small One is designed to look absolutely adorable despite being a little more worn and grizzled than most examples of this trope due to being old, complete with one ear that keeps flopping over.
  • Screw This, I'm Outta Here!: Done twice in the short by the boy and Small One:
    • They initially do it after the boy realized they were in the tanner and refusing their silver coin.
    • They do it near the end to flee the auctioneer, who angrily tells them to get out and threw a jar near them.
  • Sincerity Mode: The tanner directly tells the kid that he only wants Small one for his hide.
    The Tanner: "I only want his hide, boy. I'm the Tanner."
  • Star of Bethlehem: Appears in the closing scene.
  • Stubborn Mule: Averted; Small One is gentle, patient, and self-sacrificing, and keeps trying to work even when he's too weak.
  • Timed Mission: The boy has until nightfall to sell Small One to someone for a silver coin.
  • Tiny Guy, Huge Girl: The baker and his wife.
  • True Meaning of Christmas: "There's a place for each small one."
  • The Unfavorite: The other donkeys don't seem to be very happy of how the boy is specially good and sweet only with Small One.


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