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Princess of the Crystal/SeizonSenryaku!Himari is Momoka.
Seeing how she's guiding the Takakura family, similar to what Momoka did for Tabuki and Yuri. And also because their facial expressions are really similar.
  • Confirmed in episode 23!
Himari is dying and her brain is struggling to put it all in context.
Her brain's losing oxygen and coming up with outlandish scenarios in order to convince itself it won't die. That explains the hallucinogenic henshin sequences, the crazy invisible penguins, and why everything, in the end, revolves around her and a search for a MacGuffin that in all likelihood doesn't exist.
  • Unlikely. From all these CAT scant in a doctor's office Himari has a heart condition, and they don't usually work that way.
  • Its may just be ADHD. Bakemonogotari does the same thing//

Kanba, Shouma, and Ringo are all Momoka.
There's the obvious bit about all of them being born on the day Momoka died, but think about it a bit more. Kanba has red hair, and Shouma has blue hair. What happens when you mix red and blue? You get purple and/or magenta, the color of Momoka's hair. Now, brown is considered to be the "normal" color. So Ringo is in essence what is left of Momoka when one removes the "red" and "blue" essence from her.
  • Jossed. The essence of Mokoka lives within the two penguin hats Mario and Himari wear in their respective Survival Skills transformations.

I say episode ten and onwards begin to pull together the threads, and the Noruniru theme will begin to take on new meaning.

The 'fate diary,' or Penguindrum, is in fact a book from the pocket dimension of the library annex, and it being brought into the mortal universe and being allowed to influence the timeline could cause a dimensional collapse of some sort. The Penguingun lady will be revealed as actually being a bait-and-switch antagonist, whose real motive is either of little significance or some sort of 'rage against god' towards the inhabitants of the annex, who may in fact write fate rather than simply record it, and who are somehow malevolent or with a plan that doesn't take human suffering into consideration. Penguingun will also probably have some sort of fate diary, or know what's recorded in one, and is using it to try to fight against a future with a negative outcome.


And Sanetoshi is actually either the soul of a dead, very camp librarian, or God.

The train mascot characters are Kanba and Shoma.
At some point their memories were altered and their genders swapped. If they ever were truly fictional in-story, they've since become Refugees From TV Land. Further elaboration will require some information on just where those girls come from.
  • Seemingly Jossed by episode 5's flashbacks.
  • They have a higher chance to be the Kahirasei-jins from Utena, given their exactly same function and motifs.
  • Jossed The mascots are the girls seen in the ending theme, Himari's childhood friends Hibari and Hikari, now an idol group called WH (double H).

The hat would take form as Himari's Twin if they give the Penguin Drum.
Just that.

The pink-haired woman in the opening credits was Tenjou Utena, or at least a very strong expy of her
She may also turn into a tribute to the late Tomoko Kawakami, who rumour has it had expressed interest in working with Ikuhara again when she heard he was working on a new series.
  • Jossed Neither a woman, nor Utena. Episode 9 reveals him to be Sanetoshi the librarian.

The penguin hat is a dying species.
Hence, the Survival Strategy. Extending this, the penguindrum is some sort of device which facilitates reproduction, or something that will allow them to contact more of their own species.
  • Jossed. It has nothing to do with animals at all.

Himari will be dead again by the end of the series, this time for good.
Before then, she will deliver a
What the Hell, Hero? speech to her brothers regarding some morally questionable things they will have done to prolong her life a few months, having found out about all the Penguindrum business. She'll probably forgive them for it before dying, though — she doesn't seem vindictive.
  • It's too early to say since there isn't much focus on Himari but at least the Hat can possess her easily so she probably doesn't fight against the possession and by extension the prolonging of her life. And some people have noted that her theme seems to be escapism. Those who want to escape have something they disagree with. In her case, maybe her illness?
  • Jossed.

The Penguindrum is actually Yuri's spin-dryer that will start the Survival Strategy and will change the fate of all others.

The diary is a Red Herring literally...

Sanetoshi is a hermaphrodite and his helpers are the anthropomorphic black Bunnies of doom.

Or he just be could be a Gender Flipped post-corrupted Utena... (is silenced by the Shadow-Girls)

  • Jossed. They are what was left of Sanetoshi after being killed by Momoka, similar in how Momoka split into the two Penguin Hats

The Anti-Transformation Transformation Sequence is actually a Journey to the Center of the Mind for everyone.
Shoma, Kanba and Ringo are transported into Himari's mind while she's being possessed by the Penguin Hat, then she gives A World Of Cardboard speech...

Ringo's supposedly dead sister is the one that keeps shooting all of Kanba's ex-girlfriends.
The reason is unknown for now, but as of episode 6, it seems she knows about Project M, which is apparently Ringo's final plan to get close to Tabuki. She also has her own penguin, so she might also know about the Penguin Drum.
  • There's a good chance that her name is an alias, even if this isn't true.
    • Jossed by episode 15, which features an extended flashback sequence revealing who Momoka truly is. Furthermore, Episode 16 explains Masako's backstory.

Himari is adopted...
The flashback scene where she shares an apple with a boy takes place at an orphanage.
  • As of episode 19... Confirmed! But with a catch: Himari actually was a little girl rescued from the Child Broiler... by Shouma. Who is her "fated one". YEAH.

The blond boy seen at the beginning of episode 9 is the boy Himari shares an apple with in the orphanage(??) in the flashback in episode 9.
  • Jossed as of episode 19. Shouma was the one Himari shared the apple with.

That faceless boy, from episode one who interrupts Shoma on his walk home is Himari's soulmate.
Okay this is a little insane and he may have just been thrown in there to give Ringo an early cameo but! Hear me out. In episode 9 while most of his face was obscured, there is a faint outline of grey hair. And this boy in ep 1 has grey-ish hair. Also, people who aren't important and don't matter a great deal to the plot are usually just animated as those odd stick people. He wasn't, and he knew Kanba. And they didn't show us his face, that whole scene and we didn't see it once. Why not? And last, in the opening there is a boy in the same uniform as Kanba and Shoma but is all black. We can't know for sure who he is. So I'm thinking he's Himari's soulmate, or if not a character who will show up later.
  • Turns out, he's actually the Penguin King, Mario. Jossed?
    • Double Jossed. It's actually Shouma, of all people.

Yuri is actually Ringo's dead sister Momoka

Who either never really died or was revived. Yuri actually is around the age that Momoka would've been if she was still alive, Tabuki refers to her as a "childhood friend" just like Momoka was. . .

  • With episode 12, this theory may... have some more fuel to it. It's explicitely mentioned that Momoka Oginome's remains were never found in the crime scene, and only her Destiny Diary was spotted (we see Eriko with it and baby!Ringo in the funeral). Not to mention, while Momoka's face was censored when the picture of her was shown, we saw a bit of her hair in it, and she seems to be a blonde...
    • Ironically, this one maybe defused with episode 13 linking Momoka with the Princess of the Crystal instead. But we shall see.
    • Definitely jossed as of episode 14 and 15. And then we get more info on Yuri's own role in the whole series. So she was Momoka's friend, and somehow Momoka used the Destiny Diary to save her from her abusive father? WHOA.

Momoka died in the 1995 Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway.
According to the wiki Ringo's birthday is March 20, 1995, the same day of the attacks. It fits within the timeline and with the theme of fate, only 13 people died in the attack. What were the chances it was Momoka? Also the number 95 and trains are motifs that pop up a lot in the series.
  • Confirmed! Holy crap!
  • Perhaps... Shoma and Kanba are reincarnations of two Aleph members who performed the attacks? Guess we might have to find how the terrorist organization fits in now.
    • Possibly technically Jossed. Episode 12 would imply that it was a series of bombings, not gas attacks. The resemblance to the Aleph attacks is unmistakable, however.
      • Given that Destiny Diary and Momoka are able to change the reality, the point is essentially moot. What in our world was the Sarin attack by a Shinto-based cult might've been a bombings series by a shadowy terrorist organization in their world. After all, our Tokyo Tower doesn't look like a 300 meter tall David's copy.

Penguin Drum is not the diary, but the results of Ringo's Project M.
It's Ringo's child. If the diary really does have fate written in it, Ringo and Tabuki-sensei's hypothetical child will grow up to be the penguin faction's chosen one or will otherwise somehow save humanity from extinction. Ringo probably knows this, and knows that her sister probably would have ended up giving birth to a Messianic Archetype had she lived, and this is why she is going to such great lengths to implement the project.
  • Jossed.

Himari's possessor is Momoka.
Unfortunately I can't remember why this felt like the most brilliant idea ever 3 A.M. last night. All I remember is that it felt like a good explanation to why she is so utterly pissed at Ringo; who would want someone imitate every aspect of their life through a stolen diary, especially a younger sibling who should be living her own life instead of pining for the sister she never knew.
  • Surprisingly, there's some fuel for this in episode 13. There's a young girl we see in Sanetoshi's library, wearing her hair in a style that strongly resembles what we could see of Momoka's picture in episoe 12. She also wears a dress whose top also looks very similar to the one Momoka was wearing in the picture. And Sanetoshi's words also seem to connect that girl to the Penguin Hat... Hm.
  • Confirmed.

Shouma is adopted
It's odd that in episode 12, when Kenzan-papa is "working" in the attacks, he's only told "it's a boy!" instead of "two boys!". It would also explain why Shouma referred to Himari as "your sister" when calling Kanba out in the first episode and then correcting himself, why Himari's possessor only used Kanba's life energy in the survival strategy and Shouma is always thrown down the chute (she can't use Shouma's energy because he's not as directly related to Himari as much as Kanba is). Therefore, Shouma isn't Kanba's twin brother, but a boy around his same age (maybe the child of one of the victims of the bombs?) raised alongside him and Himari.
  • But why Shouma is practically identical to Kanba, if this is indeed the case?
    • Hm... While Shouma does resemble Kanba, they're not identical: to start, Kanba has rather narrow eyes when compared to Shouma's rounder ones, and then we have the different hair colors (Considering that they're presented as fraternal twins, this makes sense). Also, while Kanba is basically a younger and redheaded Kenzan and Himari is a teenaged Chiemi, Shouma doesn't bear such strong physical resemblances to the parents (him having Chiemi's personality is another story). And if they're two unrelated children about the same age, it could handwaved by presenting them as fraternal twins, since fraternals don't have to look the same. It's still very heavy speculation, but not completely impossible... we'll have to see.
    • Another possibility is that Shouma is a boy rescued by the Takakuras from being Ret Goned in the Child Broiler. Which may have been jossed in episode 19: he WAS at the Broiler, but not in the circumstances we think of.
    • As of episode 20? Jossed! Himari is a Child Broiler kid, while Kanba is from the Natsume clan and Shouma is the only Takakura biological kid. Oh, the Irony.
      • Kanba doesn't have to be of any relation to Natsumes to be called "onii-san" by Masako. It's actually a normal, if rather informal, way to address a stranger. Though this theory was officially confirmed as of Ep. 21, when we see the funeral of their dad.
        • And then episode 23 states that Kanba has a twin sibling... and it's Masako.

Shouma has a hidden character flaw related to gluttony.
He may be a glutton for punishment, or something else less conventional, but he has some secret obsession involving consuming something. This idea is ofcourse based on the fact that all the other penguins in the show somehow mirror their owners' personalities: #1 is Lovable Sex Maniac, mirroring Kanba's womanizing ways, #3 is a strong and supportive Team Mom like Himari and Esmeralda is an obsessive stalker always bent on molesting #1 at any given opportunity, mirroring Masako's Yandere nature. So #2 has to have something similar going on.
  • It's also speculated by some that he might have a strong desire to kill or harm either himself or others, covered under his nicer traits. He once pins Kanba to the floor, almost chokes Ringo and has a very erratic behavior when Himari temporarily dies again, while #2 keeps spraying bugs everywhere and passes up saving Ringo from drowning. His inner monologues in the novels also squarely put him as a Type B Stepford Smiler: he looks and acts normal, but feels very empty inside, and maybe that's why #2 has... erratic behavior patterns as well, dominated by a possible need to "fill" himself whether with food or with bug killing.
  • Jossed. It actually probably has something to do with the fact he was about to die of starvation in the KUGA group box. Or a reference to the fact he's always acting like a Team Mom for the brothers. Or both.

Sanetoshi is the Big Bad
I'm sure this is pretty obvious by now, what with the show's Utena influences, him referring to himself as the "Destination of Fate" (way too similar to "End of the World"), and him appearing with the dark bunnies. And the survival strategies, etc. seem like an obvious stand-in for the duels and the Rose Bride.
  • Confirmed by the last chapters, being that he was the leader of the KIGA Group in the 95 attack.

Sanetoshi is using the Survival Strategies to revive his lover.
The penguin hats are similar to horrocruxes; they contain a portion of the princess's soul. Sanetoshi is using the Strategies to determine which body would be ideal to place the full soul in and thereby revive the princess. However, the princess doesn't love him back, which will cause her to become a Phlebotinum Rebel when she is finally revived (probably in Himari, because seriously, who else?).
  • Jossed The objective of the Survival Skills is to end the world. The person that rejected him (His lover) was Momoko, and the one that stopped him in the 95 terrorist attack.

The person Satenoshi is talking about in episode 13 might be Momoka
He tells that 16-years ago he met someone like him, but that person refused him. Really, the only female character alive to that point that could fit in is Momoka. This could be related to the bombings at the metro 16 years ago (and the fact they never found Momoka's corpse, only the Destiny Diary). This also can mean that he was the mastermind behind the attacks (the Takakura parents were only pawns or directly involved with him) and the reason of the attacks was a If I Can't Have You... reaction.
  • All but explicitly confirmed now. And with Ikuni the Shrug of God is the only option.
  • Confirmed in episode 23.

The scars on Tabuki's fingers...
Were caused by Yuri. Wasn't Tabuki's first love Momoka? And with Episode 14 revealing that Yuri was ALSO in love with Momoka? I believe that it's possible that Yuri and Tabuki got into a fight over Momoka which turned violent with the possibility of Yuri biting or cutting Tabuki's fingers... which probably caused Momoka to run away feeling the pressure of having to choose between the two, and leading to her death at the 95 subway gas attacks.
  • The problem with that is that his fingers were already scarred before the attacks.
    • Were they? I only remember them being shown at Momoka's funeral, not before. I could be mistaken.
    • Yep, they are scarred in his childhood scenes as well. Perhaps Yuri's father did not appreciate a boy getting close to his daughter at some point, and decided to put his chisels to work? Perhaps this caused his "dissappearance" (i.e. prison for child abuse)?
    • Jossed in episode 18. Tabuki inflicted these injuries on himself as a child, apparently before meeting Yuri.

Yamashita will be important somehow
It's thanks to him that Shouma talks to Ringo first, then he takes Shouma to the same spring here Yuri took Ringo to, with the intention of raping her and it's thanks to him sorta snooping that Shouma finds out that Ringo and Yuri are there. Also, some people think that he might be Himari's "fated person", since we don't see "that boy"'s face either in episode 9. ...
  • Jossed, As far as him being Himari's fated person goes. In episode 19, it's revealed that Shouma is Himari's fated person.

Momoka died on the subway to fix a problem of Tabuki's
Said problem is related to his finger scars.
  • Jossed in Episode 18.

Yuri is a hermaphrodite
In episode 14 it is revealed that "nobody" has called Yuri beautiful once they saw the "real" her. Only Momoka accepted the "true" her. This seems to suggest that there is something about her body, which we have not seen, that could prevent her from being called "beautiful" in normal circumstances, which she very obviously is by everything we've actually seen of her.

Notice how her father keeps talking about how she was imperfect and ugly and that he would sculpt her into something beautiful. His "coup de gras" or whatever he called it in the show would evidently be chiseling away her penis which under these circumstances would probably lead to a painful death, which is where Momoka steps in.

Also, episode 15 opens with Yuri saying:"I'll never be free as long as that tower still stands." This "tower" is continually referred to by her and may be a metaphor for certain organs which her father would finally "sculpt" away in an effort to make her truly "beautiful".

Her being a lesbian/bi-sexual also adds some weight to this theory, though it is by no means proof.

  • But if all this is indeed the case, why does she develop injuries to her arm and leg? Wouldn't her father focus on the offending organ right away? I find it more probable that Yuri's father was referring to psychological rather than physical "ugliness", and that from his perspective a "work of art" that he created was ugly because it wasn't entirely under his control. I believe that he was aiming to twist Yuri's psyche to complete dependence towards himself with the abuse, and when he realized he couldn't get it work forever, decided to kill and possibly preserve her in some way to permanently make her completely his's.
    • The second paragraph of this post explains it. He could have possibly used the skin from her arm, leg, and face to construct that organ.
    • However, there's how Shouma aka Mr. I "Flinch When I See A Girl's Panties" didn't say anything about Yuri's naked body when he got to see her fully naked. If Yuri truly was an hermaphordite, he would've pointed it out. Same goes to Ringo; she would've noticed Yuri's penis if she had it, when they were bathing.
    • If anything, the explanation behind that link disproves the idea. If Yuri's father had indeed intended to perform a sex change operation on Yuri, then this would have been exactly what Momoka prevented by making him dissappear.

The scars on Tabuki's hands are a result of him using the destiny diary at some point.
Momoka got a scar on her hands (as shown by the bandage in episode 15) for making small-scale alterations to fate. If it is the diary itself (and not Momoka) that warps reality, it stands to reason that other people with the understanding how could use it, such as if Momoka explained it to him. That also further explains why all the factions are after it.
  • Jossed in episode 18. Tabuki inflicted these injuries on himself as a child.

The series and the novels follow different paths of destiny.
They are superficially identical, but at some point there will be a some major event involving the Destiny Diary that will take the two into wildly different directions. And both will at some point give a glimpse to the other reality for the characters.

Momoka died to save Ringo.
This would be a believable thing for Momoka to do she realized that her baby sister was fated to be a stillborn (or die not too long after her birth) to save her sister she used the diary. This caused Momoka to disappear leaving only the diary behind. I think they did mention in the series that Ringo was born the same time Momoka died.
  • Likely to be jossed in episode 18. Tabuki says that Momoka died/disappeared to stop the bombings.
    • Maybe. Tabuki might have just been guessing thats why she died.
  • Oficially jossed in episode 23.

The Penguindrum is a drum with a penguin pattern on it.
The closing shot of the first flashback in episode 9 is of a drum with a penguin pattern next to an ocarina. The camera stayed a little too long on this shot for it to be meaningless, also it's literally a Penguin-drum.
  • On the other hand at one point Japanese fans commented that it sounds like a washing machine brand, and we've also zoomed onto a washing machine commercial with a prominent penguin logo. Ikuhara be trolling.
  • If you think about it again though, this might actually be the case. if Himari and the princess of the crystal actually turn out to be one and the same and Himari's instrument in Triple-H was that "penguindrum", that might be why she wants the boys to retrieve it Most likely it's just trolling though as the troper above has pointed out.

Sanetoshi's ampules are Powered by a Forsaken Child.
It's pretty strongly implied that the Princess of the Crystal extended Himari's life using Kanba's life force, and that she refused to repeat the process because it would kill him. So what do the life-extending ampules used by Dr. Sanetoshi contain? The concentrated life force of everybody who died in the subway bombings 16 years back, and in fact the sole purpose for these terrorist attacks was to harvest life for those who destiny had given a short straw, but deserved a future by the Penguin Faction's judgement.
  • Maybe the child broiler is actually a real place and he uses the crushed souls of all those forsaken children to power his ampules.
  • Jossed. They are bonafide medicine for Himari, although the are probably magical, given that Sanetoshi himself is a ghost

Yamashita is Tabuki's little brother.
They both have grey-ish hair, and his being The Faceless might be to hide the family resemblance.
  • Jossed Yamashita is still irrelevant.

Whatever the Penguindrum is, it will manifest itself as a giant, penguin-shaped mecha.
Those bear-shaped mecha-thingies are supposed to be called "Teddydrums". Do the math.
  • Jossed. The penguindrum is confirmed to refer to the life and fate of Kanba, shared between the three brothers. It takes the form of a Red Orb, The Heart of the Scorpion

Shouma's apathy and impotence are the result of him giving a part of his own fate to Himari in the Child Broiler.
There does seem to be an idea going on in the show that there's only so much fate to go around that can't be created or destroyed, but can be altered and moved around.

Kanba is the only true child of the Takakuras.
From what we've seen Himari is from the Child Broiler, but Shouma's origins might still be unknown as the phone call from episode 13 where Kenzan's told Chiemi had "a boy".
  • Jossed as of episode 21. Kanba is from the Natsume clan, and Shouma is the only Takakura biological kid.

Those faceless, genderless, bathroom sign-style pedestrians we see every episode are actually came from the Child Broiler.
We saw how many of this children are there, if they don't kill or Ret Gone them, then it will really be enough of them to be that faceless mass we see every episode.
  • I initially thought this as well, but the children look like that before going through the Broiler, so I'm not sure.

Himari is going to do something horrible to Ringo.
Anyone else found her dialogue in making the "wholesome apple curry" kind of ominous? She did seem slightly jealous of Ringo in episode 19, and now she has discovered a very good reason for it.
  • Jossed as of episode 21. Himari and Ringo have a heart-to-heart, an then Himari sets off... to save Kanba.

The Princess of the Crystal is Momoka, but doesn't remember.
She knows she has to get the Penguindrum (whatever it is), but doesn't know why. When Himari first sees the diary, the Princess realizes — without knowing why — that if she gets the diary, she won't need the Penguindrum, because she'll be able to prevent the current situation from ever having developed. (And if she can prevent the bombings altogether, that means she lives, her family doesn't break apart, and her friends and her baby sister don't become as screwed-up.) Her haughty behavior may or may not be a Jerkass Façade; if it's not, and she does remember her identity, then Yuri and Tabuki become very unreliable narrators with her character.

The Princess's outfit is a "bridal" riff on components of Himari's subconscious.
The main body is based on the Double H outfits, and there's a scarf because of her own history with them (see episode 20).

The screens on the subway can tell when nobody's paying attention to them.
This is when they show some of the stranger Double H PSAs, as a way of having fun at the protagonists' expense.

In the last episode, the timeline will be changed one last time.
The penguin logos will be gone, and we'll find out that the subway attack still happened — but it was done by a different group, and with Sarin gas instead of bombs.
  • Confirmed. Sorta.

Kenzan and Chiemi Takakura had no children.
Himari and Kanba have already been revealed to not be blood related to the Takakuras, but then comes episode 22. After the credits there is a flashback to ten years ago, where there is a box with the kiga group logo on the side. In the box is Shoma, who had possibly just gained consciousness, wondering where he is. Why would the Takakuras, who we have seen are very nice people, put their own son in a box? Because Shoma is not their son, he could have been possibly kidnapped by the group and taken in by them.
  • The logo on the cage is not the Kiga Group logo. Kiga's logo is divided into black and white halfs. It also isn't the logo of the Penguin Force that is all black with distinct eyebrows. It's the last remaining unexplained penguin logo that was also seen on the watch of the murdered journalist that may represent the enemies of the Kiga Group.
    • That logo has been semi-explained as the logo for 'Pingroup'. Pingroup seem to be pretty large in the Penguindrum universe, almost every product is made by them and even the hospital has their logo everywhere. It's likely that Pingroup control the world and run the Child Broiler.
      • What gets me is the fact that the three penguins were delivered in a box with a Pingroup logo on it. Just who are they loyal to?
        • Double H?
  • Jossed. Episode 12 has Kenzan being informed of the birth of their child.
  • Jossed. And he was actually Shouma

This is set in the same multiverse as Umineko: When They Cry
Think about it.

The Men in Black of the Kiga Group are the "invisible children" who come out from the Child Broiler.
They have lost their individuality and their place in the world, and they want to reclaim them by destroying the established order.

Momoka is the reason there are so many penguin-themed product names.
Penguins were her favorite animal, and she discovered her diary's powers while thinking about them.
  • Jossed. They are actually from the Kiga Group and the Pengroup, the ones that orchestrated the bombings. They just changed their names to evade the persecutors, but didn't change the motif

The Child Broiler is a metaphor for child suicide
Both Tabuki and Himari were despairing over being unwanted by their families and had given up on life. They were saved when someone reached out to them and showed them love, giving them hope. With this show's heavy themes, it wouldn't be surprising for the characters to have been Driven to Suicide at such a young age.

Shoma and Himari were originally the same character.
It sounds kinda ridiculous, but hear me out. This WMG arises from my opinions of a few things:
  • Shoma and Kanba rarely, if ever, save Himari together. It's either or, and the other is usually somehow not present. It's as though the scenes are designed for two people only, the savior and the saved (or three, but the third is Ringo). For instance, Kanba's character in the first part of the season is inconsistent with the rest. For the later 2/3rds of the season, he's shown to be very possessive of the idea of saving Himari, which he prioritizes over everything else. For the first third, however, he shoves the task on Shoma and randomly prioritizes finding out what's happening to his ex-girlfriends above it, giving him an odd excuse to not be present for most of the scenes. Meanwhile, for the middle third, Shoma proceeds to do very little but angst and comment and somehow be late to everything, despite having worked quite hard in the first third.
  • The symbolism behind Kanba giving Shoma half of his apple seems a bit wonky. The apple largely symbolizes life, love, fate, meaning, and family. But if we take that scene literally, how could it have happened? Kanba and Shoma would both remember being treated like that by their parents, and would hate their parents primarily for that, not the killing of strangers; indeed, it was often asserted that their parents were relatively kind to them. Taking it metaphorically similarly doesn't make sense, as what, of these, could Kanba share with Shoma? Love or family? Both would have the same problem as taking it literally; Shoma showed no problem with his own family prior to the revelation of his parents' involvement with the bombing. Meaning? What meaning would that be? Shoma is not shown to live for Kanba. Furthermore, what makes Kanba like Shoma enough to give him half of his heart? He's not really shown to like Shoma beyond friendship. It leaves life, which brings us to the fact that...
  • Shoma and Himari have many redundant traits. Generally non-judging, kind, innocent, and saved because Kanba gave his heart to Shoma (who then gave Kanba's heart to Himari). Kanba even tries to protect both of their innocences, in different ways. In the end, they both give Kanba the parts of his heart back, which was a redundant scene. Speaking of that scene...
  • The scene in which Shoma gives Kanba his heart back seems a bit wonky. What was Himari even doing here? At this point, she's already given him back his heart (that's why she was dead, after all). Then she gives him a spiel about how she's willing to die... which she's expressed from day one - a catharsis that really wasn't, and is already dead. She makes like she's going to give him his heart back, and then cue Shoma, who appears, says a throwaway line, hands his heart to Himari, who then gives it to Kanba as though it was her own. But wait! We just saw that Kanba gave that heart to Shoma. Why should that have to go through the already dead Himari, especially since Shoma just now realized that he needs to die to do restore the proper fate and thus has the actual catharsis?
  • Moving off of the brothers for a moment, why did Ringo suddenly develop a huge desire to save Himari? She's shown to be friendly to her, yes, but to the point of killing herself for Himari's sake? One could argue that Momoka would do the same thing, but Momoka declared that she loved both Tabuki and Yuri; to parallel Momoka, Ringo should have done the same for Himari - which she didn't. She only expresses love to Shoma.

To this troper, this sorta feels like Himari was split off of Shoma's character for some reason. The story would then have Kanba giving half of his heart to Shoma, and Shoma (like Himari) not returning Kanba's feelings because he falls in love with Ringo. The character progression arc would be Shoma coming to terms with having to die (instead of Himari being peaceful with death since day one and Shoma randomly being okay with it in the last three minutes of his life). Not much would be changed aside from that, other than that Shoma/Himari would be much more proactive in his/her own survival.

Kanba and Shouma are Momoka, not the penguin hats
Instead, the penguin hats are a catalyst for Momoka's power.

Specifically, Ringo's theory that Momoka was reborn at the moment of her death is correct. But the person reborn into is not Ringo but in the two brothers. This is why Kiga corp has them in cages - presumeably Kenzan figured this out. Because Sanetoshi could not directly harm Momoka's reincarnation (just as Sanetoshi cannot damage the diary), not did they particularly wish to kill their children, they left them there with the single apple to ensure the two halves of Momoka cannot be re-united. However, the two saved each other and changed their fate. They also later saved Himari, and Masako with the spell, again explaining why they also had Penguins. Additional hints throughout the series:

  • Shouma rejecting Kenzan's philosophy, as Momoka did for Sanetoshi.
  • Shouma saving Himari in exactly the same way Momoka saved Tabuki. Kanba doing the same when Tabuki threatened Himari.
  • Shouma leading to Ringo's realisation in a reflection of the way Momoka freed Yuri from her parents.
  • Shouma and Kanba knowing the spell while in the cage, whose knowledge then passed to Himari, who I supposed passed it along to Double-H, who reminded Ringo.
  • Shouma and Kanba repeating and completing Momoka's sacrifice in the subway, the Penguin hats' insistence that it has to be them that saved the world.
  • The show ending with the combining of the two brothers' hearts to create the 'penguindrum', despite the absence of the second hat. The penguin hat's communication to Shouma, without being worn by Himari. Shouma's ability to transfer the price of the spell away from Ringo to himself.

The penguin hats represent Momoka's last will to recreate Momoka herself by restoring the Penguindrum - the two brothers. The diary was intended to remind them of that, by containing the plan to recreate Momoka - Project M - within (which Ringo was bone-headedly following along). The brothers complete what Ringo was trying to do at the end.


Example of: