Warren Gamaliel Harding (November 2, 1865 – August 2, 1923) was the 29th president of the United States, elected (on his 55th birthday!) with the widest popular vote margin in U.S. history (it helped that women could now vote). He served from 1921 to 1923, in between Woodrow Wilson and Calvin Coolidge, and was the tenth Republican Party president. These days, he's considered one of the worst failures to hold the office.
If you didn't understand what the hell any of that said, don't worry. Neither do we.
Many have argued people only voted for him because he "looked presidential". He emerged from a classic backroom deal at the 1920 Republican National Convention (selected mainly because he had stayed out of the Taft/Roosevelt feud that split the party in 1912 and had thus not pissed off anybody) and then ran the first modern campaign. Roosevelt had actually been the Republican party's top pick for nomination in the 1920 election, owed to him mending burned bridges with the party that he had previously scorned in the 1912 election, and it's likely that his still-strong reputation would've carried him to victory without issue, but he died in 1919 before he could be officially picked. Consequently, Harding was brought up to the mantle in his place.
Notable events in his presidency? Harding campaigned on a platform of "a return to normalcy" after Wilson's hand in wrapping up the Great War lost him popularity at home, thus leading the US back into an isolationist phase from which it wouldn't emerge until the later days of Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration (which another world war necessitated). He set up what became the Department of Veterans' Affairs, created the Washington Naval Treaty limiting naval fleet sizes, and appointed William Howard Taft as Chief Justice. Harding was especially infamous for how many of his appointees engaged in large-scale corruption, a stark contrast to Roosevelt's reformist policies both before and during his own presidency.
The scandals are what Harding's presidency is most remembered for today. Harding appointed many political friends to positions of power during his presidency. Known as the Ohio Gang, they pretty much carved up the nation's resources from underneath him, setting up many scandals down the road, the most infamous of which was the Teapot Dome Scandal. Until Watergate, Teapot Dome was the most notorious political scandal in US history.
However, the Harding administration also did many things that could be considered positive. For example, the Washington Naval Conference, which was hosted by the United States under Harding, was intended to stop another World War, especially as tensions between the US and Britain were quite high in the early 1920s — it only failed later when Japan adopted imperial ambitions that couldn't be fettered by the treaty. (However, to his credit, Harding, knowing his inexperience with foreign affairs, basically left the American position to his competent and honest Secretary of State, Charles Evans Hughes, and promised to stay out of his way.) He was surprisingly progressive when it came to race relations, wholeheartedly supporting an anti-lynching bill, which died in the Senate. He also did not start, or otherwise engage in, any major armed conflicts and helped secure Panama's independence via diplomacy. The crash of 1920 was solved within the first year of Harding's administration, which then led to the "roaring '20s". Additionally, he was one of the few presidents in the past century to balance the federal budget, while managing to lower taxes—something a lot of American voters demand routinely but which most realistic economists regard as being Unwinnable by Design. Also, he freed several political prisoners, including the outspoken socialist and anti-war activist Eugene Debs.
Harding was a heavy drinker, but agreed to stop drinking (at least in public) to provide an example to all the Americans who were happily ignoring Prohibition (it didn't work).
According to one account, Harding himself once lamented that he was unfit to be president.
In July 1923, while traveling through Canada after visiting Alaska, Harding developed food poisoning, then pneumonia, which then brought upon the heart attack that killed him in San Francisco, California on August 2.
Due to his administration's corruption, Harding is often a frontrunner on many "worst presidents in American history" lists, although like Ulysses S. Grant, he wasn't corrupt himself, just a Horrible Judge of Character in way over his head.
He was the first sitting U.S. senator to be elected president (he served a full six-year term as the junior senator from Ohio before he was promoted), which only John F. Kennedy and Barack Obama have accomplished since him. He is the eighth and final president to be associated by birth and/or residence with Ohio.note He's also the guy who coined the term "Founding Father." He used it during an address he gave in the Republican National Convention of 1916, and popularized its usage during his inaugural address. The Lincoln Memorial was commissioned during Harding's presidency, with Honest Abe's son Robert in attendance.
In August of 2015 it was confirmed by genetic analysis that he had a love child, Elizabeth Ann Britton, with Nan Britton, a woman long shamed over claiming this as the result of their affair. It was also revealed that he called his penis "Jerry", which delighted certain segments of the press even more.
When he died, there was an urban legend, believed by many people, that his wife had poisoned him in revenge for his many affairs. And at least one person believed that he committed suicide to avoid being impeached.
- In the novel Carter Beats the Devil, Harding's death occurs shortly after seeing the titular magician perform, which gets Carter investigated by the Secret Service. The ending reveals that Carter helped Harding fake his death, and the former president retires to a retreat for Carter's similarly retired performing animals.
- In America (The Book), a segment written by Stephen Colbert states that he was the worst President. Colbert writes that the reasons for this are well-documented, so he just proceeds to insult him.
- On a later episode of The Colbert Report, in response to Barack Obama bowing to the King of Saudi Arabia (and George W. Bush holding his hand as they walked),note Colbert lamented that American presidents didn't always show foreign leaders such respect — as evidenced by a photo of Harding giving the former king a noogie.
- On another episode of The Colbert Report, Colbert, talking about Wikipedia, said that the middle initial "G." stood, in fact, for "Gangsta". And for a while afterwards, Wikipedia said so.
- In the Civilization series, "Warren G. Harding" is the third worst score ranking you can achieve (the second and first being Ethelred the Unready and Dan Quayle respectively). And who is listed immediately above Harding? Nero.
- He has a small role in Boardwalk Empire. His mistress, Nan Britton, has a fair bit of screentime as well.
- In Gore Vidal's novel Hollywood, it's hinted that Harding is either Born Lucky or Obfuscating Stupidity much of the time. Once elected, he reveals himself to be much more devious than anybody in Washington had suspected.
- He is the subject of the Al Stewart song "Warren Harding" from Past, Present and Future.
- Harding appears indirectly in Downton Abbey: Cora's brother Harold Levinson ends up as one of the more minor players in Teapot Dome. Finding himself under investigation, Harold's lawyers seem to think that having an English earl vouch for him would help his case, and Lord Grantham is called over to America to testify before Congress to bail his brother-in-law out (intending to portray him as an honest dupe rather than a corrupt mastermind). A few characters (particularly the Dowager Countess) also comment on the weird name of the scandal.
- In The Simpsons episode "Skinner's Sense of Snow", Milhouse is seen adding a mustache onto a portrait of Harding.
- Last Week Tonight with John Oliver devoted a segment to Harding's love letters and another to the revelation that Nan Britton's child was his. Later, the show also created a fake movie trailer about Harding's life with Laura Linney as his wife, Anna Kendrick as his mistress, and a low-quality Warren G. Harding wax figure that John Oliver bought as Harding.