Its origins lay back in 1924, when the Soviets created a Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in Ukraine to woo Moldovans into revolting against the new Romanian state (which included modern Moldova at the time) and annex Bessarabia to the USSR. When the opportunity came on August 2, 1940, the Soviets simply transformed the MASSR and most of former Bessarabia that was demanded from Romania into the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic. During World War II, the Romanians, as part of the Axis, recovered the territories and the lands that composed modern Transnistria and Odessa Oblast of Ukraine were converted to the Transnistria governorate. The Romanian government was infamous in its atrocities there against the Jewish and Roma population. After the war, the situation reverted to the status before the invasion of the USSR.
The part that is now called Transnistria was heavily settled by Russians and Ukrainians, and they were not happy to join Moldova, let alone join Romania if unification of the two Romanian speaking lands happened. The fact that the Moldovan SSR government declared the Moldovan form of Romanian as the sole official language, and reverted the official script back to Latin from Cyrillic, also was seen by separatists as a sign that the majority Moldovan people will forcibly assimilate the Russian and Ukrainian minorities. Indeed, the new government of the Moldavian SSR has been trying to stop a similar independence movement in Gagauzia, a region in Moldova with a Turkish population. And so when the Moldavian SSR declared sovereignty, a dissident group in 1990 declared that a new SSR has been formed, named the Pridnestrovian Moldovan Soviet Socialist Republic. A war ensued against the Moldovan government, and was not resolved until 1992 where the Russian garrison in Transnistria helped the breakaway government to become independent. However, it was not de jure recognized even by Russia, a situation that continues to this day.
The Transnistrian Flag
- Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
- President: Vadim Krasnoselsky
- Prime Minister: Aleksandr Martynov
- Chairman of Parliament: Aleksander Korshunov