Originating in Christianity and based on the works of Allan Kardec that describe phenomena attributed to spirits. Though originated in 19th century France, it is now mostly common in Latin America, particularly Brazil, where one of its most famous and important figureheads (Francisco Cândido Xavier, better known as Chico Xavier) comes from. Several Brazilian books have been written about Spiritism.
- All There in the Manual: The books by Kardec.
- Comes Great Responsibility: A medium, or anyone else for that matter, cannot abuse their powers. Period. If you do it, karma will haunt you for your debt, probably removing your privileges now or in a subsequent reincarnation in the process.
- Subverted in that you can loosen your debt through divine favor.
- Germans Love David Hasselhoff: Spiritism is largely forgotten in Europe since the early 20th century, but retains a huge number of followers in Latin America, especially Brazil.
- Ghost Amnesia: Recently deceased spirits are described as being often oblivious of the fact that they died.
- Karma: Plays an important role, in conjunction with reincarnation. Good actions will come back to you, and so will bad actions - if not in this life, then the next.
- Reincarnation: A central tenet. There is a Heaven, but until you've been through enough reincarnation cycles to make you an overall better person, you'll only be there for short stays between reincarnation. There is a "hell" analogue, too, but it's also temporary and more of a reflection of your own spiritual state than the fire-and-brimstone kind.
- Spirit Advisor: Chico Xavier famously had one in the form of Emmanuel, who was also his guardian spirit. Supposedly, everyone has a guardian spirit, enlightened spirits who volunteer or are chosen to take on the role, but only those with developed mediumship can interact with them meaningfully.
- Superpower Lottery: Various abilities under the umbrella of "mediumship". moving objects, seeing spirits, talking to them, healing, and so on.
- Stronger with Age: Spirits keep evolving in apparently every aspect, most notably morality and knowledge.
- Values Dissonance: Lampshaded and Justified. Specifically, there is the evolution of moral values such as altruism, generosity and equality, which is the result of people reincarnating repeatedly and getting better en masse.
- You Cannot Grasp the True Form: The senses (vision, etc.) of Earthly people are described as less sophisticated versions of the spirits' senses.