The central hub of the Interstate 4 Corridor, its metropolitan area is where Florida becomes like the North and where the landscape turns into the Tropics. It is defined in many different ways by many different cultures, which explains a lot.
Orlando itself has been many things since its earliest establishment, the crossroads of Jernigan, was founded in 1842. It took its modern name in 1857 based on a legend of a soldier named "Orlando Reeves", who had allegedly died and was buried in the area during one of the Seminole Wars.
Orlando was home to several military establishments from early on, as well as orange groves, with one of its biggest established plantation owners being Philip Phillips (known in the area as "Dr. Phillips"). His descendants parlayed the groves into a lucrative real estate business, as well as a large philanthropic trust.
During the Cold War, Pine Castle/McCoy Air Force Base became one of the homes of America's nuclear bombers. To this day, one of Orlando's major employers is Lockheed Martin. But the modern character of the city began to take shape when Walt Disney came to town. The founding and opening of the Walt Disney World Resort to the southwest of the city would change the culture of the area forever.
Today, the city is the hub of a large, vibrant metropolitan area. While many outside still see Disney (or Universal Orlando, or SeaWorld, or its other theme parks or tourist traps), the city itself is always re-shaping itself to keep things interesting.
In terms of sports, it was nominally the home of many minor-league teams until the Orlando Magic arrived in 1989. In recent years, soccer has become wildly popular, culminating with the arrival of Orlando City SC in 2011, and its accession to Major League Soccer in 2015. It also hosts an NCAA Division I University, the University of Central Florida.
Works of fiction based in or around Orlando
- 99 Homes (2015) is based around the foreclosure crisis that Orlando faced during and after the 2007 economic crash.
- Ernest Saves Christmas (1988) has Ernest P. Worrell as a local taxi driver. Patty Maloney, who was raised in Winter Park, played one of the elves.
- Escape from Tomorrow (2013) is based mostly in Walt Disney World, with a few elements of Disneyland thrown in.
- The Florida Project (2017) follows a poverty-stricken mother and daughter living in a cheap Kissimmee hotel, just outside of Walt Disney World.
- Jaws 3D (1983) takes place in SeaWorld.
- Larry The Cable Guy Health Inspector (2006) stars Larry the Cable Guy as a restaurant inspector.
- Never Back Down (2008) is about Mixed Martial Arts.
- Sharknado 3: Oh Hell No! (2015) depicts Universal Orlando as one of the places that gets attacked by the sharks.
- Alas, Babylon (1959) sees Orlando being destroyed by two nuclear bombs when the Cold War turns hot.
- Paper Towns (2008) is set in Jefferson Park, a fictional subdivision of the city; although the area was closely modeled after Baldwin Park.
- Coach (1989) changed settings to Orlando in its seventh season, after the main character agrees to coach the fictional "Orlando Breakers" NFL team.
- FreakyLinks (2000) involves a man investigating the mysterious death of his brother.
- Fresh Off the Boat (2015) is about a Taiwanese-American family moving to the city from DC's Chinatown so that the father can start up a steakhouse business.
Musical acts based in Orlando
- Orlando was ground zero of the late-1990s Boy Band craze, producing Backstreet Boys, N Sync and O Town.
- Matchbox Twenty
- Seven Mary Three
- Alter Bridge
- Luis Fonsi was born in Puerto Rico, but went to high school in Orlando (eventually attending Florida State University), and in fact was in a band with Joey Fatone of NSYNC.