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Montenegro (Montenegrin: Crna Gora / Црна Гора, meaning "Black Mountain" — the English name is itself a Venetian Italian translation) is a Southern European country and one of the world's newer independent states after an independence referendum in 2006 led to the breakup from Serbia with 55.5% being for it (the requirement set by EU was 55% to recognize it as an independent country).

During the most of its history, the people of Montenegro considered themselves Serbian. Montenegrins in fact make up less than 50% of the population, with nearly 29% identifying as Serbian at the last (2011) census. Signs in Latin and Cyrillic script are common place, the latter being useful to Russian tourists (who don't need a visa) and business people (who own a lot of property out there).

In the 19th century it became a small Balkan monarchy and after World War II, it became a member state of Tito's Yugoslavia.

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The capital city is Podgorica, which was known as Titograd in the Yugoslavia years. The country is a candidate for The European Union, with negotiations opening in 2012. Montenegro has also unilaterally adopted the Euro as its currency. It also joined NATO on June 5, 2017. The national stereotype of Montenegrins is that they are extremely lazy, hence the joke: "How does Montenegro build a highway? They build two miles and then put up a sign saying "'etc etc etc'"."


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Montenegro's appearances in fiction:


The Montenegrin flag
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flag_of_montenegro.png
The flag derived from the royal standards of the country (the golden border is a modern addition). At the center is the national coat of arms.

Coat of arms of Montenegro
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/coat_of_arms_of_montenegro.png
The coat of arms is a two-headed golden Byzantine eagle holding a scepter and orb (symbolizing the union of State and Church, respectively) supporting a shield showing a lion on a blue-and-green field, symbolizing the Montenegrin theocracy that ruled for three-and-a-half centuries until its subjugation by the Austrian Empire.

The Montenegrin national anthem
Ој свијетла мајска зоро.
Мајко наша Црна Горо.
Синови смо твог стијења
Синови смо твог стијења
И чувари твог поштења
И чувари твог поштења
Волимо вас, брда тврда
И стравичне ваше кланце
Који никад не познаше
Срамотнога ропства ланце,
Мајко наша Црна Горо!
Мајко наша Црна Горо!

Ој свијетла мајска зоро.
Мајко наша Црна Горо.
Док ловћенској нашој мисли
Наша слога даје крила,
Биће горда, биће славна
Домовина наша мила.
Ријека ће наших вала
Ускачући у два мора
Глас носити океану,
Да је вјечна Црна Гора.
Глас носити океану,
Да је вјечна Црна Гора!
Да је вјечна Црна Гора!

Oj svijetla majska zoro.
Majko naša Crna Goro.
Sinovi smo tvog stijenja
Sinovi smo tvog stijenja
I čuvari tvog poštenja
I čuvari tvog poštenja
Volimo vas, brda tvrda
I stravične vaše klance
Koji nikad ne poznaše
Sramotnoga ropstva lance.
Majko naša Crna Goro!
Majko naša Crna Goro!

Oj svijetla majska zoro.
Majko naša Crna Goro.
Dok lovćenskoj našoj misli
Naša sloga daje krila,
Biće gorda, biće slavna
Domovina naša mila.
Rijeka će naših vala
Uskačući u dva mora
Glas nositi okeanu,
Da je vječna Crna Gora.
Glas nositi okeanu,
Da je vječna Crna Gora!
Da je vječna Crna Gora!

Oh, bright dawn of May.
Our mother Montenegro.
We are sons of your rocks
We are sons of your rocks
And keepers of your honesty
And keepers of your honesty
We love you, the rocky hills
And your awesome gorges
That never came to know
The chains of shameful slavery.
Our mother Montenegro!
Our mother Montenegro!

Oh, bright dawn of May.
Our mother Montenegro.
While our unity gives wings
to our Lovćen cause,
Proud shall be, celebrated will be
Our dear homeland.
A river of our waves,
Jumping into two seas,
Will bear voice to the ocean,
May eternal be our Montenegro!
Will bear voice to the ocean,
May eternal be our Montenegro!
May eternal be our Montenegro!


Government
  • Unitary parliamentary technocratic constitutional republic
    • President: Milo Đukanović
    • Prime Minister: Zdravko Krivokapić
    • Speaker: Aleksa Bečić

Miscellaneous
  • Capital and largest city: Podgorica
  • Population: 621,873
  • Area: 13,812 km² (5,333 sq mi) (156th)
  • Currency: Euro (€) (EUR)
  • ISO-3166-1 Code: ME
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