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Useful Notes / Dominica

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Not to be confused with the Dominican Republic further northwest (Though the inhabitants of both countries are called Dominicans in English), Dominica (French: Dominique; Island Carib: Wai‘tu kubuli) is a country in the Caribbean and the northernmost island of the Windward Islands chain.

Originally inhabited by the Kalinago people, the island was colonized by the French from the 1690s until the end of the Seven Years' War in 1763, after which Great Britain took possession of the island, and gradually established English as its official language. The country later became independent in 1978.

Dominica's lush rainforests, mountains, freshwater lakes, hot springs and waterfalls have earned the country the nickname of "Nature isle of the Caribbean", with many rare plants, animals and bird species being found there, including the Sisserou parrot, which is an endangered species only found on Dominica and is the country's national bird. It is also the youngest island in the Lesser Antilles, and has the world's second largest hot spring, Boiling Lake, with parts of the island actually still being formed by geothermal-volcanic activity. However, with the island being located in the hurricane region of the Caribbean, hurricanes remain a constant threat to the country.


The Dominican flag
The flag consists of a green field, representing the lush vegetation of the island, a black, white and yellow cross, representing the Trinity and Christianity with the three colors symbolizing the native Indians, the fertile soil and the pure water respectively, and a red disc in the center of the cross with 10 green five-pointed stars surrounding a Sisserou parrot, the national bird of the island, the red disc representing social justice and the 10 green five-pointed stars standing for the country's 10 parishes: St Andrew, St David, St George, St John, St Joseph, St Luke, St Mark, St Patrick, St Paul, and St Peter.


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