Originally inhabited by the Kalinago people, the island was colonized by the French from the 1690s until the end of the Seven Years' War in 1763, after which Great Britain took possession of the island, and gradually established English as its official language. The country later became independent in 1978.
Dominica's lush rainforests, mountains, freshwater lakes, hot springs and waterfalls have earned the country the nickname of "Nature isle of the Caribbean", with many rare plants, animals and bird species being found there, including the Sisserou parrot, which is an endangered species only found on Dominica and is the country's national bird. It is also the youngest island in the Lesser Antilles, and has the world's second largest hot spring, Boiling Lake, with parts of the island actually still being formed by geothermal-volcanic activity. However, with the island being located in the hurricane region of the Caribbean, hurricanes remain a constant threat to the country.
The Dominican flag