Djibouti (Arabic: جيبوتي Jībūtī, French: Djibouti, Somali: Jabuuti, Afar: Gabuuti), officially known as the Republic of Djibouti (Arabic: جمهورية جيبوتي Jumhūriyyat Jībūtī, French: République de Djibouti, Afar: Gabuutih Ummuuno, Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Jabuuti), is a little East African country, right next to Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia. Actually, thats the best way to describe its culture, because Djibouti is ethnically composed by Somalis and Afars, ethnic groups from the aforementioned countries. But most of all, the inhabitants of the country tend to consider themselves as brothers with Somalia (except for the European descendants, obviously).
The land was originally known as Obock, where Afars and Somalis shared the land. When the French came in the mid-1800s, the sultans in the area began to sign treaties with them, giving them each time more control until Frances influence was big enough to firmly establish a colony, the French Somaliland.
In 1958, when the independence of Somalia was imminent, a referendum was held to decided if the people wanted to go independent (and presumably join later with Somalia) or keep being a French protectorate. Since most of the European residents and the Afars were in favor of the French, they rigged the vote by expelling thousands of Somalis (who obviously wanted to join Somalia proper). In 1967, another referendum was due, and they did the same thing again and just to piss off the losers they renamed the colony French Territory of the Afars and the Issas (a Take That! against the Somalis, because the Issas were just a sub-clan of them). In 1977 came a third referendum, but the Somali population was big enough to avoid the rigging and ended gaining independence.
They didnt join with Somalia, though. The president elected turned the country into a one party state, eventually triggering a civil war in 1991 that ended in 1994. Considering what happens with Somalia, maybe they should be glad of being an independent country; on the other hand, the country has had enough problems on its own.
While still authoritarian, Djibouti is notable for being the Only Sane Man in the region, not succumbing to the Orwellian state repression that is Eritrea or the general anarchy that is Somalia, which if you recognize are two opposing ends of a spectrum. It also tries to preserve cordial relations with everyone, though a bad blood still resides with Eritrea (but well, it's Eritrea. Everyone has bad blood with Eritrea). It also has maintained a close relationship with its former colonial master, France, and French bases continue to operate there long after independence.
A member of the Arab League, Arabic is recognized as an official language, alongside French, which also makes Djibouti a member of the La Francophonie.
Djibouti was the last place in Africa where the first (modern) humans resided before they moved on to populate the rest of the world. Incidentally, this area was also one of the first places where Islam came to Africa. Accordingly, the country is highly Islamic (94%). The remainder is Christian.
It has the world's second-lowest land depression (after the Dead Sea): Lake Assal, which is located very close to the sea but is cut off, which means that whenever evaporation occurs (which it does a lot, thanks to it being located in a very hot region), the salt stacks up, making it 10 times saltier than seawater. Indeed, it is the saltiest body of water outside of Antarctica's Don Juan Pond, not to mention being designated Earth's largest salt reserve. The sea has at times been exploited for salt production, though the government has set up the entire lake under official protection.
Its highly unlikely that you ever see a reference to Djibouti in the media; usually its treated just as a part of Somalia or as a non-entity. The exception is the Rainbow Six Rogue Spear expansion pack Black Thorn, which featured a rescue mission in Djibouti, close to the Somalian border. There was also a mention of Djibouti in According to Jim, but it was mainly just so they could say ye-booty. On the other hand, it is the subject of an incredibly lame pickup line/meme in Model United Nations circles, namely, "I want to invade Djibouti with the aid of Greece", or "Swiggity Swooty I'm coming for Djibouti."
The Djiboutian flag
The Djiboutian national anthem
- Unitary dominant-party presidential republic
- President: Ismaïl Omar Guelleh
- Prime Minister: Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed
- Capital and largest city: Djibouti
- Population: 921,804
- Area: 23,200 km² (9,000 sq mi) (146th)
- Currency: Djiboutian franc (Fdj) (DJF)
- ISO-3166-1 Code: DJ
- Country calling code: 253
- Highest point: Mousa Ali (2028 m/6,654 ft) (124th)
- Lowest point: Lake Assal (−155 m/−509 ft) (3rd)