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A French departement and island in the Mediterranean just north of the Italian island of Sardinia, Corsica is nicknamed Île de Beauté (Isle of Beauty). Occupied by various countries and briefly becoming independent in 1735, it finally came under French rule in 1769, and was briefly occupied by the British several times before permanently becoming part of France. Germans and Italians also occupied it during World War II, and it ended up the first liberated French territory in 1943. Quite infamously, the Tour de France went through Corsica only once, in 2013 (the sport event exists since 1903), due to the logistics involved.

The island is most well-known as the birthplace of Napoléon Bonaparte, one of the greatest military commanders in history, who built an indissoluble link between the island and the rest of France. The island is also known for the nationalism of its natives, with calls for greater autonomy and protection for Corsican culture and the Corsican language becoming a feature of its politics, and several groups carrying out campaigns of violence to that end.

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Corsica is also known for its music, with a strong polyphonic choral tradition.


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A bandera Corsa, the Corsican flag
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/corsican_flag.png
The flag was adopted by General of the Nation Pasquale Paoli in 1755 and was based on a local traditional flag. It portrays a Moorish man's head in black wearing a white bandana above his eyes on a white background. Previously, the bandana covered the man's eyes, Paoli had the bandana moved to above the eyes to symbolise the end of the Genoese domination over the island.

The Corsican national song

Dìu vi salvi, Regina
È Matre universale,
Per qual favor si sallì
À u paradisu.
Per qual favor si sallì
À u paradisu.

Voi site gioia è risu
Di tutti i scunsulati,
Di tutti i tribulati
L'ùnica speme.
Di tutti i tribulati
L'ùnica speme.

Voi dai nemici nostri,
À noi date vittoria
È poi l'eterna gloria
In paradisu.
È poi l'eterna gloria
In paradisu.

Que Dieu vous garde, Reine
Et Mère universelle
Par qui on s'élève
Jusqu'au paradis.
Par qui on s'élève
Jusqu'au paradis.

Vous êtes la joie et le rire
De tous les attristés,
De tous les tourmentés
L'unique espérance.
De tous les tourmentés
L'unique espérance.

Sur nos ennemis,
Donnez-nous la victoire
Et l'éternelle gloire
Au paradis.
Et l'éternelle gloire
Au paradis.

God save you, Queen
And universal Mother
By whom we rise
To paradise.
By whom we rise
To paradise.

You are the joy and laughter
Of all the saddened,
Of all the tormented
The only hope.
Of all the tormented
The only hope.

Over our enemies,
Give us the victory
And the eternal glory
In paradise.
And the eternal glory
In paradise.

Government
  • Territorial collectivity
    • Prefect: Thierry Queffelec
    • President of the Assembly: Rodolphe Alexandre
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