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"O Cameroon, Thou Cradle of our Fathers,"
"Holy Shrine where in our midst they now repose,.."
English version of the anthem
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The Republic of Cameroon (French: République du Cameroun) is a Central African country located right in the corner where West Africa curves southward and borders the Bight of Bonny, the primary component of the Gulf of Guinea. Also affectionately called "Africa in miniature" due to having Africa's variable environmental spectrum inside one border, including beaches, rainforests, highlands and mountains, savannahs, and deserts. Contrary to popular perception, the country's name is not and has never been related to the Gaelic surname "Cameron", though the British probably conflated them while doing a transcript of the original Portuguese byname of the region, Rio dos Camarões (Shrimp River).

The high Adamawa Plateau, located in the center of Cameroon, has historically divided the country into two cultural and linguistic regions. The fertile and rainforest-laden south is primarily inhabited by the Christian Bantus and Semi-Bantus, while the dry and savannah/desert north is the home of the Muslim Fula and Afroastiatics, including the Hausas and Arabs. There is also a further division in the south between the Protestant northwest and the Catholic southeast, which reflects the country's peculiar colonial history as a colony of two powers: the British and French, as a result of the League of Nations mandate that took away the region from Imperial Germany, which ruled it since 1881, after World War I.

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Has been ruled by authoritarian regimes since independence in 1960; so far, there has been two presidents, one of which is handpicked by the other, and they came from the same political party, the Cameroon National Union (CNU), later morphing into the Cameroon People's Democratic Movement (CPDM), which banned opposition until late 1990. Interestingly, the first president, Ahmadou Ahidjou was a Muslim Fula, while the president he picked as successor, Paul Biya, was a Catholic Bantu, showing that whatever rivalry the country has, it's firmly political. Indeed, the country exhibits the interfaith goodwill of Central Africa the greatest, especially after neighboring Central African Republic screwed it up royally and horrifically in the 2000s.

Currently facing Africa's typical societal problems including poverty, underdevelopment, and rampant illnesses. A minor separatist movement since the institution of multi-party democracy has arisen in the former British northwest to cause headaches to the government for some time. Since the outbreak of the civil war and violence in CAR, Cameroon has also been hosting the largest count of refugees from the country. Recently, the insurgency of Boko Haram in northeastern Nigeria has occasionally spilled over to its neighbors, and Cameroon and Chad have pledged to form The Alliance with Nigeria in an effort to combat the radical group.

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A member of both the La Francophonie and the Commonwealth of Nations by virtue of its association with France and Britain. French culture takes a dominance, though, as the British legacy is only limited to the small but populous northwestnote .

Football/soccer is the national sport. Cameroon's football team is one of Africa's best, having won the African Cup four times and a gold medal to boot in the 2000 Summer Olympics.

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The Cameroonian Flag
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flag_of_cameroonsvg.png
The tricolor features three pan-African colors: green, red, and yellow, which represent the forests, unity, and sun and savannahs, respectively. The yellow star at the center also symbolizes unitynote .

The Cameroonian national anthem

Ô Cameroun berceau de nos ancêtres,
Va debout et jaloux de ta liberté,
Comme un soleil ton drapeau fier doit être,
Un symbole ardent de foi et d'unité.
Que tous tes enfants du Nord au Sud,
De l'Est à l'Ouest soient tout amour,
Te servir que ce soit le seul but,
Pour remplir leur devoir toujours.

Chère Patrie, Terre chérie,
Tu es notre seul et vrai bonheur,
Notre joie et notre vie,
En toi l'amour et le grand honneur.

Tu es la tombe où dorment nos pères,
Le jardin que nos aïeux ont cultivé.
Nous travaillons pour te rendre prospère,
Un beau jour enfin nous serons arrivés.
De l'Afrique sois fidèle enfant
Et progresse toujours en paix,
Espérant que tes jeunes enfants
T'aimeront sans bornes à jamais.

Chère Patrie, Terre chérie,
Tu es notre seul et vrai bonheur,
Notre joie et notre vie,
En toi l'amour et le grand honneur.

O Cameroon cradle of our ancestors,
Go, upright and jealous of your freedom.
As the sun, let your flag be proud,
A symbol of ardent faith and unity,
May all your children, from North to South
From East to West, live in love!
May serving you be their sole purpose
To fulfill their duty forever.

Dear Fatherland, dear land,
You are our only true happiness.
Our joy, our life
To you, love and the greatest honor.

Thou art the grave where our fathers sleep,
The garden that our ancestors have cultivated.
We work to make you prosperous
One good day we will finally get there.
Be Africa's faithfull child
And always advance peace
Hoping that your children
Love you without limit forever.

Dear Fatherland, dear land,
You are our only true happiness.
Our joy, our life
To you, love and the greatest honor.

O Cameroon, Thou Cradle of our Fathers,
Holy Shrine where in our midst they now repose,
Their tears and blood and sweat thy soil did water,
On thy hills and valleys once their tillage rose.
Dear Fatherland, thy worth no tongue can tell!
How can we ever pay thy due?
Thy welfare we will win in toil and love and peace,
Will be to thy name ever true!

Land of Promise, land of Glory!
Thou, of life and joy, our only store!
Thine be honour, thine devotion,
And deep endearment, for evermore.

From Shari, from where the Mungo meanders
From along the banks of lowly Boumba Stream,
Muster thy sons in union close around thee,
Mighty as the Buea Mountain be their team;
Instil in them the love of gentle ways,
Regret for errors of the past;
Foster, for Mother Africa, a loyalty
That true shall remain to the last.

Land of Promise, land of Glory!
Thou, of life and joy, our only store!
Thine be honour, thine devotion,
And deep endearment, for evermore.

Government
  • Unitary dominant-party semi-presidential constitutional republic
    • President: Paul Biya
    • Prime Minister: Joseph Ngute

Miscellaneous
  • Capital Yaoundé
  • Largest cities: Yaoundé (city proper), Douala (metropolitan area)
  • Population: 26,545,864
  • Area: 475,442 km² (183,569 sq mi) (53rd)
  • Currency: Central African CFA franc (FCFA) (XAF)
  • ISO-3166-1 Code: CM
  • Country calling code: 237
  • Highest point: Mount Cameroon (4040 m/13,255 ft) (64th)
  • Lowest point: Bight of Biafra (Depth is not calculated yet) (-)
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