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Theatre / The Little Mermaid

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The Little Mermaid is a Broadway musical adapted from the 1989 film The Little Mermaid.

It tells the tale of a teenage mermaid named Ariel who wishes she could be a human. When she falls in love with a human man, Ariel goes to a sea-witch to transform her into a human.

There are two versions of the play: the original Broadway version and the revised European one. The latter fixes some issues audiences had with the play, removes songs, and is easier to produce due to set simplifications. A major plot change in the revised version is that Triton had thought that humans had killed his wife when it was in actuality his sister Ursula.


The show debuted in Denver in 2007 before going to Broadway in 2008. The show ran until August of 2009, though a heavily revised version is still shown off of Broadway. The closure was supposed to be temporary however the show hasn't been brought back since. International versions of the show were produced in Israel, Japan, the Philippines, Brazil, Russia, and the Netherlands.

The Little Mermaid contains examples of:

  • Adaptational Attractiveness: Ursula's character design shows less inspiration from Divine than in the original movie, and in the original cast, she was played by Sherie Renee Scott.
  • Adaptation Expansion: The Broadway musical expands on the backstories and the world: Ursula and Triton are siblings (an element that was in the film draft's but got cut), and heirs to the sea, Eric is an orphaned prince who doesn't want to face his new responsibilities, and humans killed Ariel's mother (incorporated from the prequel movie).
  • Adapted Out:
    • Eric's dog Max, who found Ariel both in human and mermaid guise. This is for pragmatic reasons, since having a trained dog onstage is impractical.
    • Ursula's alter-ego Vanessa isn't in the play. She was intended to appear but was removed when her original actress complained that introducing Vanessa made Ursula out of character.
  • Adaptational Nice Guy:
    • While Triton still crosses the line by destroying Ariel's human treasures, he attempts to be a Reasonable Authority Figure about her missing her big concert debut and calls out Sebastian and Flounder for hiding where his daughter was from him.
    • Ursula has less Kick the Dog moments towards Ariel in the play than she does in the film, though she is still a horrifying villain. She doesn't hypnotize Eric in her Vanessa guise but merely waits for the voice contest to take up the last of the third day. She also makes sure her spell helps Ariel get to the surface as the latter is changing into a human, rather than leave her to drown in her lair. Finally, when Triton takes Ariel's place in the contract, she merely plans to banish him rather than turn him into a sea creature.
  • Adaptational Wimp:
    • Flounder doesn't get any of his Let's Get Dangerous! moments from the animated movie, like helping Sebastian rescue Eric from the eels. He also comes off as more childlike.
    • Eric also comes off as this given the musical cuts out his rescuing Max and driving a broken ship into Ursula.
    • Scuttle also doesn't have his dramatic "Stall the Wedding" scene though he manages to help Ariel learn how to walk.
  • Adaptation Species Change: Flotsam and Jetsam are electric eels here instead of Moray eels.
  • Adult Fear:
    • When Triton confronts Ariel in the grotto, he tells her that he's scared of human "barbarians" harming her.
    • Grimsby, a Parental Substitute for Eric, wants to honor his father's wishes by having Eric settle down and rule his kingdom. Eric is as rebellious as Ariel, while his head is on the ocean looking for his dream girl.
  • Age Lift: In the Japanese version, Ariel is 18 years old, not 16.
  • Arbitrary Skepticism: Grimsby doesn't believe in mermaids or King Triton, calling them "Nautical nonsense" even as the sailors hear a mysterious voice. Eric calls him out on this by the end, and Grimsby is forced to admit he was wrong.
  • Cain and Abel: Ursula and Triton; justified as Ursula murdered their six other sisters and set her sights on murdering Ariel's mother. Triton put a stop to that, though he wasn't able to save his wife.
  • Combat Pragmatist: Rather than let Eric get close enough to harpoon her, Ursula uses her newly-acquired trident to send his ship away.
  • Cruel Mercy: Rather than kill Ursula for murdering their sisters and being a tyrant, Triton banished her. Ursula attempts to return the favor when she manages to wrest the trident from him in a Deal with the Devil.
  • Forced to Watch: In the Denver pre-Broadway run, Ariel didn't change back into a mermaid after the third sunset. Instead, Flotsam and Jetsam grab her in human form as Ursula crashes the voice contest, flooding the hall with water, and Triton appears to save his daughter. Ursula implies that she'll take the human-Ariel to her watery chamber, as the contract stipulates, which means Ariel will drown. Understandably Triton takes Ariel's place in the deal before Ursula can act on that.
  • The Glorious War of Sisterly Rivalry:
    • Played Up to Eleven where Ursula killed all of her sisters, and Triton had to intervene.
    • Averted with Ariel and her sisters. Though they're annoyed at her for missing her debut and flitting around while in love, they do love her and try to be supportive.
  • Not Helping Your Case: Sebastian tries to cheer up Ariel by performing "Under the Sea" after Triton destroys her treasures. Since she's still mad at him and has been planning to run away, she just leaves before he can finish the song and realize she's missing.
  • Oh, Crap!:
    • Ariel and Scuttle when the storm blows Scuttle off the boat.
    • Ariel when her father busts her in the grotto.
    • Sebastian when Ariel disappears during his performance of "Under the Sea".
  • Reality Ensues: Even a trained sailor like Eric will drown in a storm if tossed overboard unexpectedly.
  • Read the Fine Print: It's in the play. To be fair, Ursula does read it aloud before getting to discussing her fee.
    Ursula: Lawyers. Don’t you just love ‘em!
  • Rebellious Princess:
    • Gender-flipped variant. Prince Eric doesn't have an interest in ruling his kingdom and settling down. He wants to spend his birthday following the mysterious voice he's heard.
    • Princess Ariel is one, the youngest of seven sisters. She has no interest in using her singing voice, only exploring the human world.
  • Related in the Adaptation: Ursula is Ariel's aunt. She and Triton are siblings. This is reused from earlier scripts from the film.
  • Shout-Out: In the revised version, when he's explaining the dinglehopper to Ariel and Flounder, Scuttle explains that "humans like to wear their hair in tails - a pony, or a pig, or a duck-"
  • Spared by the Adaptation: Flotsam and Jetsam aren't killed by Ariel throwing off Ursula's would-be fatal blow at Eric, due to Ursula simply sending Eric's ship away. Instead they swim away before Ariel destroys Ursula's shell.
  • Title Drop: The stage version doesn't have Vanessa, but it does still have a title drop during the number "If Only:"
    Sebastian: Tomorrow the prince will have his pick of any princess in the kingdom. How can a little mermaid compete with that?
  • Took a Level in Badass: Flotsam and Jetsam, Ursula’s followers, seem much more threatening in the stage musical story and certainly are more devious.
  • Villain Has a Point: Ursula notes that Ariel takes her voice for granted, something Triton and Sebastian have also said.
  • Villain Song: Ursula has two: "Poor Unfortunate Souls" from the original and the new song "I Want the Good Times Back," where she sings about how much fun she had as a tyrant over her half of the sea.
  • Well-Intentioned Extremist: King Triton. He banished his sister Ursula when she became a murdering tyrant for her half of the sea. His solution to Ariel rebelling is to threaten to ground her for a year.
  • What Happened to the Mouse?: Flotsam and Jetsam disappear near the end, leaving their fates uncertain.

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