- The Jaicro Empire seems to employ Humongous Mecha that look like either the Unicorn or Banshee Gundams
- The Gogol Empire's small ships strongly resemble the Gamilan destroyers from Yamato, colored silver.
- The currency of the universe is the Woolong.
- If the Bebop, the Serenity, and the Outlaw Star got really, really drunk at a Jimmy Buffett concert and had the most disturbing threeway in spaceship history, the Aloha Oe would be the resultant island-themed lovechild of that night.
- Admiral Perry bears more than a passing resemblance to Nightmare.
- On one of the Blu-Ray covers, Dandy is wearing Yellow Magic Orchestra inspired clothes and Meow in a yellow jumpsuit and energy dome.
- These illustrations of Honey included with the Blu-Rays contain quite a few references; in one of them she sports the same sunglasses, kimono, and coif full of computer wires as on the iconic cover◊ of Yellow Magic Orchestra's self-titled album, and another has her wearing a nurse's uniform and holding a megaphone among broken glass just like in Ringo Shiina's music video for "Honnou".
- Dr. Gel's ship, the Carnegie Lemon, is a reference to Carnegie Mellon, a university founded by Andrew Carnegie and Andrew Mellon. It also looks like the Statue of Liberty.
- The Soundtrack for the Second Season "Boobies Wonderland" is a massive reference to Earth, Wind & Fire from the title alluding to Boogie Wonderland to the album art being a dead ringer for EWF's "All 'n All" album.
- At one point, Dandy and Meow are both moonwalking.
- The song has the lyric "Hey, Everett". Considering the references to alternate dimensions and physics, the singer could be referring to physicist Hugh Everett III.
Episode 1: Live With the Flow, Baby
- Dr. Gel, an intelligent gorilla, has a ship shaped like the Statue of Liberty with a ball gag in its mouth.
- In the English dub, Dr. Gel says he will chase Space Dandy to "the far edge of infinity... and beyond."
- Dr. Gel's facial hair looks a lot like Jet Black's. Doubles as an Actor Allusion as Unshou Ishizuka plays both characters.
- His name is Dr. Gel, he is blue-skinned and he wears a staff right like the Big Bad of other series.
- His belt seems a Kamen Rider Henshin belt.
- In the first episode, a large crystalline alien is being swallowed up by an even larger slime alien and gives a thumbs up as he's going down.
- During Dandy's "live with the flow" rant, one bit has the background as the word "Muda" (useless) repeated endlessly.
- Admiral Perry is named after the the 19th century American Naval commander whose fleet forced Japan to open trade with the west. This early instance of Gunboat Diplomacy had previously been delayed by 200 years, but ultimately led to the country's modernization.
- One of the aliens looks just like the cabinet art for the classic arcade game Galaga.
- Which might have been a hint about Namco releasing a Space Dandy themed Galaga game for mobile, appropriately titled Space Galaga. There's an actual Space Dandy story in the app where Space Galaga is the latest hit game throughout the universe. Later on Bonehead, Blockhead and Pinhead encounter an actual Galagan just like the cabinet art.
- The time the show is set in in is Universal Century 0014, a calendar type borrowed from the Gundam franchise's main timeline.
- One of the waitresses at Boobies is pretty much the Creature from the Black Lagoon... with two pairs of breasts.
- The illustrated bestiary that QT holds is similar to these anatomical illustrations of Gamera and its enemies.
Episode 2: The Search for the Phantom Space Ramen, Baby
- There's a ramen shop called Fullmetal Noodleist.
- And another called Mein in Black.
- Dr. Gel uses Gogol Galaxy Street View in an attempt to find Dandy.
- Dandy was trying to find the Guruchan ramen he thought he had left in his kitchen.
- Studio Bones put in a shoutout to themselves by showing their logo floating amongst the other weird stuff in the alternate universe seen in Episode 2.
- While hitting on Scarlet in an attempt to make her pay for his meal, Dandy struts over to her at the counter in a rather familiar style.
- After beating up the Gogol mooks sent to capture Dandy at the ramen shop, the dub adds Scarlet apologizing to the owner for the mess as she pays the bill.
- There's a Pastel-Chalked Freeze Frame of a bruised and bloodied but still smiling Dandy as he passes out that looks strangely familiar...
- When Meow checks in at Boobies, a quick blink-and-you'll-miss-it tweet mentions Tatooine.
- Though very much a background element, we first learn in this episode that Meow apparently orders things from Myauzon.co.jp.
Episode 3: Occasionally Even the Deceiver Is Deceived, Baby
- QT orders a few hundred boxes of less-than-edible food from a certain establishment at the end of the universe.
- The Little Aloha's transforming Humongous Mecha almost perfectly replicates the Super Inazuma Kick when fighting the Deathgarian, minus the Attack Calling.
- Just before showing its true self, the Deathgerian bats two different sets of eyelids, like some aliens from the Men in Black franchise.
- The "To Be Continued" graphic looks a lot like the classic Looney Tunes title and closing cards.
- The Deathgerian's name is Mamitas. Mamitas is also the name of a Japanese cat known for its pictures of it being eaten by its owner.◊ Guess what she does to Meow, a cat.
Episode 4: Sometimes You Can't Live With Dying, Baby
- Being an episode about the Zombie Apocalypse, of course there's going to be references to George A. Romero. The zombified cast even end up going to see one of his movies at the end of the episode. Two of the zombies also end up hooking up, and talk about their odd urge to go to the mall for their first date.
- Sadly, they run afoul of a zombie hunter - a heartless man with a shiny metallic face.
- Dub only: "Hellooooooo nurse!"
- The mercenaries have similar berets to the ones in The Wild Geese.
Episode 5: A Merry Companion Is a Wagon in Space, Baby
- There's a brief instance where, when describing how adult women have big boobs and round asses, Dandy seems to imitate Shin Chan.
- The Gentooan mind swapping ability and its 666 second limit might be a Creator In-Joke by the episode's writer, considering another recent show he worked on.
- The basic premise and several scenes are apparently inspired by the 1973 movie Paper Moon.
- The two alien hunters are in fact using Cosmo Dragoons from Space Pirate Captain Harlock.
- On that note, there's also the space train, which recalls the one from another famous Leiji Matsumoto work.
- The stuffed animal that Adelie's grandfather carries is a watermelon version of the Yubari Melon Bear mascot.
Episode 6: The War of the Undies and Vests, Baby!
- The premise of this episode is a humorous take on The Twilight Zone (1959) episode "Probe 7, Over and Out."
- Dandy is reading PlayBay Magazine at the start of the episode.
- Both Dandy and Meow get knocked out and kidnapped by the inhabitants of the moon they land on in the same way that the Tusken Raider knocks out Luke in Star Wars Episode IV.
- Dandy's Sky Surfing at the end is very similar to another Studio Bones series — Eureka Seven's ref board lifting.
- The final sequence was also especially reminiscent of how the 1974 film Dark Star ended.
Episode 7: A Race in Space Is Dangerous, Baby
- The entire episode is basically an Affectionate Parody of REDLINE.
- Prince himself is an affectionate parody of Star Driver, another Bones show, in general. He even has a nickname similar to the protagonist Takuto's.
- The alien girl swooning for Prince resembles the Flatwoods Monster.
- Squeak, Prince's rat teammate who's also a lawyer, is a Take That! to both Mickey Mouse and Disney's notorious litigiousness. He also resembles Kenji's hijacked avatar character in Summer Wars.
- The dominatrix, with her blue skin and head tentacles, is similar to the Twi'lek from Star Wars.
- Honey's pink spacecraft (and possibly Honey herself) was a nod to Penelope Pitstop in Wacky Races. The design of the car resembles one that appeared in Magical Shopping Arcade Abenobashi.
- Code Geass gets homaged with the close-up of Dandy's eye that has a purple symbol (the kanji for "kill") appearing in his iris.
- The scene where Dandy's ship plows into Prince's from behind uses part of a sound effect from the OP sequence of Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann.
- One of the visuals from the final sequence seems to be taken from the 1985 film The Quiet Earth.
- Dandy becoming a Buddha in space 5.67 billion years into the future refers to the ending of a 1976 manga◊, Ankoku Shinwa (also known as Dark Myth).
Episode 8: The Lonely Pooch Planet, Baby!
- Meow goes searching through the EXACT SAME FRIDGE from the Cowboy Bebop episode "Toys in the Attic", which was launched into space at the end of the episode. He even gets attacked by a blue mold inside, then eats it just like Ed did at the end of that episode. At least now no one will have to worry about getting sick with the menace gone for good this time, and Meow's Betelgeusian physiology probably let him digest that thing without turning ill, like the Bebop crew who had been infected by the creature.
Episode 10: There's Always Tomorrow, Baby!
- At the beginning of the episode, Meow has what appears to be a McDonalds cup.
- Other foodstuffs present are Loy's (Lay's chips), Pocky, and a can that resembles Pringles.
- The appearance of the Armed Legendary Equipment Legendary Giant Weapon is based on the Ideon in the Space Runaway Ideon series. This is perhaps no surprise given that veteran mecha designer Kunio Okawara was involved in the episode's production.
- The crew of the Aloha Oe go through an endless eighth day on the planet Betelgeuse.
- Multiple occurrences echo the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "Cause and Effect", where the USS Enterprise NCC-1701-C and its crew are stuck in a time loop.
- The crew begin realizing events before they happen at the bar, just like the Enterprise crew at the poker table.
- Katie drops a glass in the bar scene, Just like Dr. Beverly Crusher in her cabin after hearing strange voices. (interestingly, Meow's mother is voiced by Crusher's Japanese VA in this very episode)
- The flying car Dandy attempts to escape in explodes in mid-flight. At the end of every loop in the TNG episode, the Enterprise blows up just as Captain Jean-Luc Picard makes the order to abandon ship.
- Possibly as an inverse reference, QT is the first to point out that every day seems to be the same. In "Cause and Effect", the android Data is completely oblivious to the potential of a loop until it is pointed out to him.
- Recurring numbers also play a part in both episodes, with the number 8 appearing here (i.e., the 88th/108th loop), and the number 3 in The Next Generation.
- The store shown after Dandy runs out of the bar bears the number "24". Eight times three equals twenty-four. This might be coincidental, but given that most of the similarities occur over a short runtime, possibly not. It is worth noting that in Japanese, the narrator also voiced Captain James T. Kirk in the original Star Trek dub, and the voice of Captain Picard has the role of Dr. H in episode 9.
- The scene with Dandy, QT and Meow in an open field taking turns trying to destroy the calendar is very visually similar to the printer scene in Office Space.
- When the gang think the future echos they're getting mean they've developed special powers, there's a direct homage to this iconic scene◊ from Mobile Suit Gundam.
- The young Meow apparently built Tem Ray's Circuit.
Episode 11: I'm Never Remembering You, Baby!
- The patterns on the surface of Legado◊ bear a strong resemblance to Circular Gallifreyan writing. And the entire planet is one giant library.
- The firing sequence for the Aloha Beam is straight out of Space Battleship Yamato.
- Dr. Gel becoming completely absorbed in figuring out the equation, particularly the scene in which he writes a formula across a screen, is a deliberate homage to A Beautiful Mind.
- The weird recon probe sent by Bea after Dandy is somewhat similar to Evil Dead's Book of the Dead (well, this is an episode about books...).
- The box that cannot be opened before its time could be a reference to the tale of Urashima Taro.
Episode 12: Nobody Knows the Chameleon Alien, Baby
- To Aliens, added in the dub:Dandy: "Game over man, game over."
Meow: "Aliens suck."
- QT getting hooked on fishing and amassing a bunch of advanced gear and obscure fishing lingo is probably a nod to the protagonist of Tsuribaka Nisshi.
- Dandy's response of "there is a fourth" when the crew discover someone has come aboard the ship references the Japanese title of They Were Eleven.
- QT's "Final Dandy" quiz show is a parody of Quiz Millionaire (the Japanese Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?). QT uses both the "is that your final Dandy?" catchphrase and host Mino Monta's famous habit of staring silently at contestants in suspense before announcing the right answer. Even the interface on the screen looks exactly like the show's interface.
- Dub only: Doctor Gel and the Chameleonian keep asking "Who's the Doctor?" The ADR writer of the episode admitted he added that in for Whovian J. Michael Tatum.
- Dr. Gel's Hyperdimensional Magic Hand is controlled using what looks like a Wii Remote (or a Playstation Move controller) and resembles Nintendo's Ultra Hand.
Episode 13: Even Vacuum Cleaners Fall in Love, Baby!
- The leader of the robots on Paradise Planet is wearing a bullet-riddled worn out hat in the same fashion as Tetsuro's from Galaxy Express 999.
- Additionally, he's a toaster abandoned by uncaring humans and stuck in a gigantic dump - along with tons of other broken robots.
- The fight between the giant robot and super-sized QT bears some resemblance to the Eva vs Angel fights of Neon Genesis Evangelion, particularly those from Rebuild of Evangelion.
- Said giant robot looks quite a lot like a larger, more malevolent version of the Laputian robot guardians.
- The cash register robot has Mickey Mouse gloves.
Episode 14: I Can't Be the Only One Baby!
- Dandy, QT, and Meow end up jumping from one universe to another, jumping through various animation styles, character designs, and laws of physics as they go. One of the universes was Attack On Dandy. In another, they're Mobile Suit pilots, with Dandy specifically being a Char Clone... literally.
- Then there's the one who's a Camille clone, and the Cobra clone, and the Cosmo clone (complete with orange afro). And the one that's head of a science ninja team.
- Triangle Dandy is almost an exact visual copy of one of the Masters from John Christopher's The Tripods books as illustrated in Barlowe's Guide to Extraterrestrials.
- Mascot Dandy, a big red thing, looks a lot like mascot character Gachapin's counterpart Mukku◊.
- Special mention must be made of the 'shounen manga hero' Dandy, who moves and vocalizes like Michael Jackson note , flies on a magical cloud, and is searching for people with star-shaped birthmarks. And just to top it off, he was pretty clearly designed by the artists of Super Milk Chan.
- The first alternate Dandy and crew they meet seems to be a Studio Gainax homage, with a physical resemblance to Kamina and all the characters having a heavy black shading style.
- One alternate Dandy team is a ninja universe. It might be dub-only, but they call their attacks in the style of Naruto: "Ninja Art! Substitution Jutsu!"
- This universe's version of Honey resembles Mizuki Tachibana.
- In the English dub, Ian Sinclair sounds like he's channeling Patrick Warburton as Space Trucker Dandy, which makes sense since Space Trucker Dandy's design looks to be based on Brock Samson.
- Early in the episode, Dandy appears in his own Imagine Spot clad all in white and holding a lightsaber.
- The appearance of an alternate Meow who is a literal Schrodinger's Cat seems to parody the pop cultural use of the concept itself.
- Trucker Dandy, in the English Dub, makes a callback to episode 5, as he declares to his version of Meow that "Merry Companions are a Wagon in Space, Baby!"
- When the fabric of reality is starting to collapse and everything starts making no sense anymore, the waitresses at Boobies are turned into muscular punks a la Fist of the North Star.
Episode 15: There's Music in Darkness, Baby!
- Ukeleleman and his photorealistically-textured mansion would not feel out of place in Courage the Cowardly Dog: His character design, his unsettling movements, his behavior stemming from an intense and tragic psychological need, his ethnic-sounding leitmotif, his nonviolent yet creepy powers, his highly delusional behavior, the perpetual calmness of his voice, the attacking of the two characters closest to the protagonist forcing the protagonist to carry them out and flee, a surreal One-Winged Angel mode, and his spiritual fulfillment upon his defeat all parallel Courage.
- Thanks to a misunderstanding (of which Dandy is a champion apparently), Dandy thinks the space letter he receives was sent to him by an alien princess, but it was actually sent by Ukuleleman. He imagines her as a slender girl in a bikini with very long hair and little horns on her head, so basically an expy of Lum Invader.
- During the space-surfing scene, the Space Battleship Yamato can be seen rising and crushing Dr Gel and Bea as it falls back into the River of Time. Another one of the random things and animals falling into the River of Time is Mothra, which reverts into its caterpillar form and finally an egg.
Episode 17: The Transfer Student is Dandy, Baby
- The music in school premise of the episode is pretty much Glee IN SPACE!.
- It's given a Shout-Out in the dub after QT explains to Meow what the school is really like: "Oh, the glee he must be feeling".
- The premise also reminds a bit of Galaxy High: human enrolls in a space high school full of several alien species.
- Aliens resembling Slimer and ET The Extraterrestrial can be seen in several scenes.
- The teacher conducting the teleporter experiment is a man with a fly head. The teleporters behind him look like Seth Brundle's matter transport pods.
- The pre-prom exercise montage is done Rocky-style.
- Several scenes within this (especially the 'running up a steep staircase wearing geta' bit) are a callback to GunBuster in particular, and comes complete with a gloriously cheesy vocal theme that parodies the kind used in any number of similar montages in 70s and 80s anime.
- Dub only: The nerds tell Dandy that in the prom king game "the only way to win is not to play."
- Dandy's response to the above? "Nobody puts Dandy in a corner!"
- The fat eagle-like nerd wears a T-shirt with a slightly modified Apple logo (two bites instead of one).
- Isaac the bully/jock with his green skin, and "Isaac smash!" added in the dub.
- Meow comments that the school is a location for a TV drama.
- When Dandy is introducing himself in front of the class, they pound their desks and stomp their feet in the rhythm of Queen's "We Will Rock You."
- One Tumblr user noticed some familiar prom outfits that Dandy and Freckles are wearing.
- "All Of Me Is All/Booty Is All" has a chord structure similar to "Take On Me" by a-ha.
- Right before the start of Freckles and Dandy's final duet, among the students there is one that looks like a cross between Mazinger Z and Darth Vader.
Episode 18: "The Big Fish is Huge, Baby!"
- The overall premise of the episode (focus on a Genki Girl, hyper-stylistic drawing, loving nature and exploration, and many scenes of Scenery Porn) are practically Studio Ghibli IN SPACE!.
Episode 19: "The Gallant Gentleman In Space, Baby!"
- Dandy and Meow try to convince a bodyguard that they are both female, and quickly add "Everyone has a fault or two!", referencing Some Like It Hot's closing line ("Well, nobody's perfect!").
Episode 20: "Rock 'n' Roll Dandy, Baby!"
- The names that Dandy and Johnny propose for their nascent band are all shout-outs to different Japanese musicians and album covers, most notably Tetsuya Rave Factory (TRF for short).
- Johnny may as well be Johnny Yong Bosch incarnated within the show itself. He even has several features shared by some of his most famous roles.
- He has red hair like Sasori and Ichigo Kurosaki. He also kicks people a lot like Ichigo, and his wardrobe wouldn't be out of place in Ichigo's closet.
- He's the commander of the Jaicro Empire and pilots a mech like Lelouch Lamperouge. During one scene, a waiter even mentions that the dish he's brought comes straight from Britannia, and his commander outfit is almost exactly identical to the one Lelouch wears after becoming Emperor in R2.
- The entire episode's premise is about him forming his own rock band. JYB actually does have his own rock band (Eyeshine).
- While trying to get inspiration for a new song, there are sudden flashes that show a close-up of his eyes, referencing Lelouch as well as Yu Narukami and Tohru Adachi.
- Johnny setting his guitar alight with flame breath is of course a shoutout to KISS's Gene Simmons.
- Dandy's hair catching fire during the concert brings to mind a similar accident to happened to Michael Jackson during the filming of a Pepsi commercial.
- Johnny's Humongous Mecha resembles the Ideon, and it has a lion-themed chestpiece strongly reminiscent of GaoGaiGar's.
Episode 21: A World Without Sadness, Baby
- The whole episode could be a reference to the late Robin Williams' film What Dreams May Come.
- The woman holding the talking cat looks exactly like sculptor and conceptual artist Yayoi Kusama◊.
- That same cat also makes this exchange:Dandy: Where am I?
Cat: You're in the middle of everywhere and nowhere!
- At one point Dandy says "I'd buy that for a woolong". A reference to the I'd Buy That For A Dollar gameshow from the RoboCop franchise.
Episode 22: We're All Fools, So Let's All Dance, Baby!
- The planet the dance festival takes place on is Planet Grease.
- The shop where Dandy buys the vinyl is called "Akashiku Records".
- When Dandy is bribed into posing as the Dancinian, the chief of Grease bribes him with the 2012 Agnes Lum Photo Book. Lum was a Hawaiian gravure idol whose popularity peaked during the '70s-'80s in Japan. The same photo book can be seen here◊.
- One of the contest goers is a female King Gidorah.
- Another contest goer looks suspiciously like MC Hammer.
- The "Dancinean" is named Tohn Jravolta.
- The overall premise and the ending sequence is a parody of Saturday Night Fever, complete with the Memetic Hand Gesture IN SPACE!
- Dandy shoving his arm down his pants◊ during his "interpretive dance" is a nod to Egashira, a Japanese comedian who's known for doing the same thing◊.
- Dub only: As the entire universe is getting remade due to the real Dancinean's power coupled with Dandy's own power, Bea remarks to Dr. Gel they are just dust in the wind.
- Additionally, the black and white graphics used during the universe's remaking are the same as graphics used in the finale of the film AKIRA.
- The planet Anata V that Grease orbits looks exactly like Jupiter.
- In the beginning of the episode at the Alien Registration Center, Dandy and crew try to register an alien which according to Scarlett is commonly found at Nebula M78. The alien is so big we don't see all of it except for its silver boot.
- Three of the aliens Dandy catches are Santa Claus, Frosty the Snowman and The Krampus.
- Scarlett's ex-boyfriend is a Mobile Suit pilot wearing a Universal Century Earth Federation Space Force pilot suit and piloting what looks like a cross between a Gundam and a Crossbone Vanguard mobile suit. His name is Dolph, and looks just like Dolph Lundgren.
- Scarlett and Dandy gush over an action hero named Chuck. Given that his works in-universe are Missing in Action and Karate Kommandos, there's little doubt about whom they speak.
- The "spider" in Scarlet's bathroom looks quite similar to the head-spider creature◊ from The Thing.
- The train preventing Scarlet and Dandy from seeing each other again parallels one of the final scenes in the film 5 Centimeters per Second, where Tōno and Shinohara miss seeing each other while the cherry blossoms fall. Both scenes will make viewers resent trains forever.
Episode 24: "An Other-Dimensional Tale, Baby!"
- Dr. Gel and Bea get sucked into the 2D universe. When he engages enemy ships inside the universe, the battle plays out like Galaga.
- Space Invaders also gets a scene.
- The premise of this episode is basically Flatland.
- Planet Abbot is named after Edwin Abbott, the author of Flatland.
Episode 25: Dandy's Day in Court, Baby!
- During the cross-examination of Meow, it's revealed that Dandy once tried to sell Meow at a pet shop, couldn't get a lot of money, and decided to keep him on the crew. This is much like how Ein joined the crew in the second episode of Cowboy Bebop.
- The prosecutor claims that Dandy bought QT by accident; what he wanted was a robot like R2-D2.
- One of the things bought by Rose on the "Tamazon" online store is a Jason-like hockey mask.
- As it turns out, the almost murder was committed by trying to kill the pitcher by having the bat break and the wooden shards pierce him. Samurai Champloo had Mugen perform a very similar trick during the baseball episode.
- One of the suspected murderer's tweets reads "REDRUM" over and over again.
- The judge looked similar to a Vogon from The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.
- The beginning of the jury deliberation is reminiscent of 12 Angry Men.
Episode 26: The Neverending Dandy, Baby!
- The episode's plot is End of Evangelion IN SPACE and SOFTER (thankfully), what with the Creepy Cool Crosses explosions, a Gambit Pileup, and a Gainax Ending of the universe destroyed and Dandy meeting God and later flipping him off to stay in the normal world. Complete with a credits gag of Dandy parodying the EoE movie poster.
- Additionally, the scene where Bea shoots Dr. Gel looks very similar to when Gendo shoots Ritsuko.
- Dandy is hung up on a wall that has imagery straight from Evangelion just like Lilith was.
- The Gogol Empire plans on becoming the masters of the universe. They're even headed by a skeleton!
- The battle between the Jaicro and Gogol Empires plays out just like The Battle of A Baoa Qu.
- Dub only: Johnny throws out a Here's Johnny when confronting Admiral Perry.
- Admiral Perry, who is the leader of the Gogol Empire, bears more than a passing resemblance to Google Co-founder, Larry Page.
- Near the finale, Dandy's naked transdimensional flight to punch the superweapon out of existence looks like it came straight out of the infamous finale of Space Runaway Ideon.
- During the Gainax Ending, a door appears in a Twilight Zone fashion.
- The door that appears at the end looks a lot like the transdimensional ones that come up in Doraemon.
- The bird perched on the column Dandy is chained to looks very similar to Vicious' pet bird.