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Shout Out / Neon Genesis Evangelion

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This page contains unmarked spoilers. You Have Been Warned.

Characters

  • Anno has stated that quite a few of the character's first names are little references to other works:
    • The first names of Misato and Kaji (Ryōji) is a reference to the characters Misato Izumi and Ryōji Sawada from Minako Narita's manga Aitsu.
    • The first name of Asuka's mother, Kyoko, is a reference to the character Kyoko Nakamura from Shinji Wada's manga Sukeban Deka.
    • Aoba's first name, Shigeru, is reference to and a pun upon Kihachi Okamoto's 1974 film Aoba Shigereru.
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    • Toji's entire name (Toji Suzuhara), Kensuke's first name, and Hikari's last name (Horaki) are lifted from characters in writer and film-maker Ryū Murakami's novel Ai to Gensou no Fascism.
  • Shinji is a reminiscence of Akira Fudo from Devilman, another lithe, dark-haired teenager with a sensitive personality who is forced to adopt monstrous powers and to undergo personal development in order to save the world. Unsurprising considering that Devilman was a major influence for both Anno and Sadamoto.
    • Visually speaking, Sadamoto based Shinji's character design on Nadia from his previous work Nadia: The Secret of Blue Water. He described him as Nadia with shorter hair and without her earrings.
  • Though Rei is more often thought of as a character who is copied, she shares many similarities with Chirico Cuvie from Armored Trooper VOTOMS, most obviously their blue hair, cold, unemotional exteriors and as being vessels for Godlike figures, both of whom they ultimately destroy or defy.
  • Asuka is a Gender Flip of Great Mazinger's Tetsuya Tsurugi, the Trope Codifier and Trope Maker of the Hot-Blooded Ace Pilot in the Super Robot Genre.
    • She’s also reminiscent of Jung Freud from Gunbuster, which Hideaki Anno worked on before Evangelion.
  • Kaworu is a reference to Ryo Asuka from Devilman, just like Shinji is meant to be one to Akira Fudo. White hair in contrast to the protagonist's black hair? Check. Unnatural and off-putting behavior? Check. Troubling romantic feelings for the main protagonist? Check. Secretly an angelic demon who attempts to bring about the apocalypse? Check.
  • Hideaki Anno describes Misato as "a 29-year-old Usagi Tsukino", right down to the hair. They even share a voice actress.
    • In the Super Robot Wars games featuring Evangelion and Gundam (UC timeline), Misato gets a crush on ace pilot Amuro Ray, alluding to their seiyuus' other famous anime roles as Sailor Moon and Tuxedo Kamen respectively. She also makes some Sailor Moon comments when admiring the Nobel Gundam from Mobile Fighter G Gundam on Super Robot Wars MX, and points out similarities in voice with Vega from Gear Fighter Dendoh and Murrue Ramius from Mobile Suit Gundam SEED (two other characters voiced by Kotono Mitsuishi).
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  • Officially, Kaji is "based" on Col. Paul Foster from the TV series UFO, although Gainax noted that Foster was not nearly the lech that Kaji appears to be. Some viewers have also suggested that Kaji has elements of Emma Peel from the British spy series The Avengers (1960s), as this chart by a Tumblr user shows.
  • Keel Lorenz is an allusion to the ethologist Konrad Lorenz. He was originally named Konrad, too. Konrad Lorenz developed the concept of imprinting in terms of mother/child relationships. For example, say you've got a duck's egg in an incubator, and it's ready to hatch. The eggshell cracks, and the chick's head pops out. It sees you, and thinks, "Mother!"
  • The Seele Monoliths are straight out of 2001: A Space Odyssey.
  • Yui Ikari is based on Nadia's mother in Nadia: The Secret of Blue Water. The long-dead mother of the protagonist who is mourned by their surviving husbands (both who are engaged in bloody armed conflicts and have grown distant from their children); both mothers whose souls reside close to their children, protecting them from harm and giving them glimpses of their past and purpose in life.
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  • Similarly, Kyoko Zeppelin Soryu is Kushana's mother from Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind, especially in how their insanity leads them to believe a doll is their child, while seeing their real child as an impostor. The case of Kyoko does, however, explore in greater depth and detail how such a madness in a parent would warp and damage their child's psyche.
  • Evangelions are also essentialy God Wariors from Nausicaa.
  • Toji and Kensuke are allusions to characters from Ryu Murakami's Ai to Gensou no Fascism (The Fascism of Love and Fantasy), from which Anno borrowed much of the psychological material.

Angels

  • Oddly, Sachiel bears a striking resemblance to the Goons from Popeye.
  • Ramiel's design is lifted from the yellow, floating octahedron known as "Super X", in Future Police Urashiman.
  • The eyes on Matarael (and to a lesser extent, Sahaquiel) are a deliberate allusion to the Atlanteans from Nadia: The Secret of Blue Water, another Gainax-made work.
  • Ireul is a clear homage to The Andromeda Strain.
  • Zeruel is based on Zetton, the Final Boss of the original Ultraman.
  • Kaworu makes a minor Shout-Out to either Zyuranger or Power Rangers: he pilots his Eva from the outside, which is a common trait of Sixth Rangers.
  • There's too many references to various world religions (particularly Judaism and Christianity) to list, or possibly even detect. For a start, all the Angels are named after Angels from Jewish, Christian and Islamic theology and incorporate subtle parallels with their counterparts' names and functions.

Anime

  • The style of the opening is based on the classic sci-fi show UFO. Furthermore, the character design for Gendo Ikari and Kozo Fuyutsuki are animated look-alikes to the actors Ed Bishop and George Sewell as characters Ed Straker and Alec Freeman (the commander and second-in-command from S.H.A.D.O., respectively). Also the "blink-and-you'll-miss-them" title cards that appear at times are taken from the show.
  • There are multiple references to Michael Crichton's The Andromeda Strain, mostly the film version (the use of the "601" graphic to showcase the MAGI having a computer analysis error, the design of the Geofront resembles the Wildfire complex when seen from the side, and most importantly the episode "The Lilliputian Hitcher" is almost-but-not-quite a Whole Plot Reference).
  • Misato initially drinks "Yebisu" beer, a real brand that is depicted correctly down to the label, followed by "Yebichu" beer, a parody of the real label which references the manga Oruchuban Ebichu, of which both Anno and Japanese voice actress Kotono Mitsuishi were fans. Anno later developed it into an anime at Mitsuishi's recommendation.
  • NERV's Gratuitous English motto is a famous quote from Pippa Passes.
  • Tokyo-3 sinking into the ground when on alert calls to mind Marineville from Stingray (1964). The first time it happens the music is even similar.
  • The battleships in the episode where Asuka makes her debut are named after Shakespeare plays. Titus Andronicus and Cymbeline are two examples.
  • In the ADV English dub, when Asuka first meets Rei, she calls her behavior Freakazoid!.
  • Jet Alone itself is a Shout-Out to Jet Jaguar.
  • A blink-and-you'll-miss-it one comes in form of one of Shinji's t-shirts, which has the logo of the British New Wave Music band XTC on the back. Seeing as quite a few of XTC's songs revolves around some of the same themes as Evangelion, the reference is likely more than just a superficial one.
  • One of the Scenery Porn shots when Shinji first runs away alludes to a small sanctuary in My Neighbor Totoro.
  • Continuing the subject of Gerry Anderson shows, the date for Third Impact (September 13th, 2000), is the same day as Breakaway, just one year later.
  • The Human Instrumentality Project was named after Cordwainer Smith's Instrumentality of Mankind, though they are not otherwise related.
  • In turn, the Hedgehog's Dilemma is an allusion to Schopenhauer. It's also been theorized among fans that the original ending alludes to and borrows from some of the existentialists, such as Sartre and Kierkegaard.
  • The dub adds one for the alternate reality sequence in episode 26, where Gendo calls Yui "She Who Must Be Obeyed."

Episode titles

Soundtrack

  • At least some of the battle themes on the OST consciously evoke the Klingon theme from the original series Star Trek films.
  • One of the songs of the soundtrack ("Decisive Battle") borrows extensively from "007" (a rarely-used Leitmotif for James Bond, used extensively on From Russia with Love and then appearing once more on You Only Live Twice).
  • "Komm, Süßer Tod", the title of one of the soundtrack's most infamous pieces, is a reference to another piece by Bach, although the song itself bears little resemblance.

The End of Evangelion

  • The poster for the movie has a resemblance to the poster for an old film named Rosemary's Baby.
  • The title of the latter half of the film, "Magokoro wo, Kimi ni," comes from the Japanese title of the movie Charly, which was based on the short story/novel Flowers for Algernon.
  • The scene where the military attacks NERV HQ is an homage to Hideaki Anno's favorite film, Battle of Okinawa, right down to the use of flamethrowers.
  • Shinji’s and Asuka’s Masochism Tango is disturbingly similar to that of George and Martha from Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?: Asuka is disgusted by Shinji’s lack of assertion, Martha is frustrated with George’s, attempts by either at appeasement only aggravates them further, and both of their frustrations have to do with sexual performance and assertion—Shinji won’t cross the "Wall of Jericho" and notoriously settles for masturbating by her bed when she’s comatose while George is implied to be unable to perform, and both are Ambiguously Gay. Both Shinji and George ultimately both snap and lash out destructively, complete with an attempt to strangle Asuka/Martha.
  • One of the two unused, proposed endings was even closer to Devilman's ending than the final version.

Manga

  • The manga seems to have shout outs to Star Wars, of all things.
    • For example, on a NERV writeup of Toji, there's a documentation of his Midichlorian count.
    • In one chapter, Gendo also pulls a Darth Vader on Shinji, which is reminiscent of the fact he loses a hand in The End.
    • Misato mutters "I have a bad feeling about this" in the episode with Jet Alone.

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