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Shout Out / Marvel Cinematic Universe

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Nick Fury: I'd like to know what Loki did to turn two of the sharpest men I know into his personal flying monkeys.
Thor: Monkeys? I do not understand—
Captain America: I do! [beat, while Cap proudly but shyly and adorkably smiles] I understood that reference.
— Nick Fury makes a reference to The Wizard of Oz, and throws Steve Rogers a bone, The Avengers

Works set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe have a tendency to refer to other works:


Films with their own pages

TV shows with their own pages


  • Thor:
  • Thor: The Dark World:
    • The scene at the beginning with an abandoned building with strange physics is highly reminiscent of the "Beyond" segment of The Animatrix, especially the gravitational anomalies and oddly behaving bottles.
    • When a Dark Elf ship crashes into the Asgardian throne room, it appears to be a shot-for-shot rendition of this cinematic trailer for Star Wars: The Old Republic.
    • The Dark Elf fighters resemble the B-wings, also from Star Wars.
    • Bor's helm looks a lot like a Balrog's head and horns.
    • Thor and Malekith sliding down London's Gherkin may be a Shout-Out to the climax of Adventures in Babysitting, where a Thor-obsessed/costumed little girl gets stuck on the windows of the similarly-sloped Smurfit-Stone building in Chicago.
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    • When Fandral covers Thor and Loki's escape, he swings from ship to ship on a rope, much like Errol Flynn, who the character is based on, is famous for doing.
    • Algrim, before his transformation, is a Dark-Skinned Blonde reminiscent of an entirely different take on "dark elves".
    • The scene where Loki is lying on his prison bed while tossing a goblet in the air and catching it is a reference to the movie The Great Escape, where Steve McQueen's character is tossing a baseball in solitary.
    • The scene where a flock of starlings is flying through a portal beneath Jane, Darcy and Selvig and startling them is a nod to Hitchcock's The Birds.
  • Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2:
    • As with the previous movie, Peter Quill is a font of references for music and shows from the '80s and before.
    • He had described Knight Rider at length to Gamora (who didn't get all the details straight, though to be fair to her, Peter was apparently drunk when he explained it), and how it inspired him to pretend for other kids during his childhood that David Hasselhoff was his father.
    • When Yondu uses his Yaka Arrow to slow down his descent by clinging to it with one arm, Peter compares him to Mary Poppins.
      Yondu: Is he cool?
      Peter: ...Hell yeah, he's cool!
      Yondu: I'm Mary Poppins, y'all!
    • When Peter discovers he's inherited Ego's matter-shifting powers, he excitedly says he's going to make a giant statue of Pac-Man with Skeletor and Heather Locklear.
      Peter: I'm gonna make some weird shit!
    • Peter compares the Unresolved Sexual Tension between him and Gamora to Sam and Diane from Cheers. Then, he says that it's not, it's a show where one person is willing to listen while the other refuses to believe in anything, but that show doesn't exist!
    • Gamora using the BFG looks similar to Iron Man's Proton Cannon special attack from Marvel Super Heroes and Marvel vs. Capcom.
    • At one point, Peter calls Baby Groot an "angry little tree", as opposed to a "happy little tree".
    • When Nebula attacks Gamora with the starfighter, some of the shots are almost identical to the famous cropduster scene in North by Northwest which James Gunn confirmed was the influence for the scene in the DVD Commentary.
    • Immediately after the bomb destroys Ego's brain and kills him, his human avatar freezes and appears to turn into sand, then disintegrates away, like what happened to the Greek Gods when they permanently die.
    • Evidently, the Guardians have a death sentence in twelve Kree sectors.
    • That last Beam Spam against the Sovereign ships, considering their arcade game themes, is hard to watch without remembering the Death Blossom.
    • During the credits scroll, a picture of Drax gets a beard scribbled on him, and then another picture further down shows Drax wearing what looks like a dark suit or blazer. Mr. Hinx from Spectre, also played by Dave Bautista, has both those.
    • Sylvester Stallone's character says the line "You betrayed the code!" the exact same way he said the line "You betrayed the law!" back when he was playing Judge Dredd.
    • Ego's story of how he went to Earth in the 1980s, fell in love with an Earth woman and impregnated her with a child whom he tells her will serve a mysterious and grand purpose is basically the plot of Starman.
    • During the approach toward his planet, Ego's ship briefly resembles the "smiley-face" ship from Heavy Metal, which is appropriate with the whole 80s pop-culture spirit of the Guardians films.
  • Spider-Man: Homecoming:
    • Peter wears a "the physics are theoretical, but the fun is real" shirt, a piece of The Big Bang Theory merch.
    • Beside the YouTube video of Spider-Man Peter is watching in class are thumbnails and links to videos from Waverly Films, the NYU filmmaking group director Jon Watts is a part of, and a video from alantutorial.
    • When Peter is racing through people's yards and jumping over hedges and fences, it's a direct parody of the climax to Ferris Bueller's Day Off. Not only is this lampshaded by a pool party that is playing the movie itself, but Spidey narrowly misses a trampoline. One DVD ad takes it all the way by playing the scene with the music from the original added.
    • Michelle is in detention even though she doesn't need to be. She's just being weird and drawing pictures, much like Ally Sheedy's character in The Breakfast Club. John Hughes' movies influenced this film, according to Word of God.
    • The (alleged) Anti-Gravity Gun is named and shaped after the Gravity Gun from Half-Life 2.
    • Karen is the name of Plankton's computer wife in SpongeBob SquarePants.
    • The scene where Betty Brant turns down Jason Ionello in front of cameras broadcast for the whole school complete with close-ups of reaction shots on the boy's face recalls a famous episode from The Simpsons, where you could almost pinpoint the second where his heart breaks.
    • For Michael Keaton fans, a brief shot showing Vulture silhouetted against the moon, mirroring an iconic moment from the 1989 Batman movie. The upgraded Vulture suit also has wings that resemble bat wings from certain angle.
    • Ned pestering Peter with fanboy questions recalls a similar sequence in Hot Fuzz.
    • During the Midtown High news report of the Washington Monument incident, Seymour compares the explosion and sparks to a Bon Jovi concert.
    • The pre-titles scene introducing The Vulture and his gang prominently features "Can't You Hear Me Knocking" by The Rolling Stones, which also features in a similar sequence introducing the Hole in the Wall Gang during Martin Scorsese's Casino.
    • Peter calls the Vulture "Big Bird".
  • Thor: Ragnarok:
    • The T-shirt Banner wears (one of Tony's that was left in the Quinjet) has a well-known Patrick Nagel image on it. Nagel was an incredibly popular artist during the 80s.
    • While Thor's tied to a chair, he's presented with a holographic backstory of Sakaar, with "Pure Imagination" from Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory playing at the background. At the end of the sequence, he's bathed in red light, screams, and suddenly finds himself in new circumstances, just like the end of the boat scene from that film.
    • The ceiling artwork in Odin's throne-room displaying multiple scenes from Asgard's mythology is a clear Homage to the famous Sistine Chapel murals depicting scenes from Christian scripture by Michelangelo.
    • According to the commentary, Valkyrie's method of opening an alcohol bottle with a knife is an homage to Once Were Warriors, where a character opens a beer bottle with a fish slicer.
    • Parts of the prayer Thor prays for Odin are taken from the movie The 13th Warrior.
    • Topaz's line "Tell her she's dreaming" when Valyrie demands $10 million for Thor is an allusion to The Castle. "Tell him he's dreaming" is Darryl Kerrigan's stock phrase when advising his son Steve not to take up an offer in the classifieds.
    • The scene in the end, when Thor takes his seat in the spaceship, looks a whole lot like the bridge of the USS Enterprise.
    • Soundtrack-wise, two of the tracks on the Recording Sessions are titled "You Gotta Get Your Right Hand Man Back" and "You Are the Worst, Burr".
  • Black Panther:
    • In the 1992 Oakland prologue, James, Zuri's undercover persona, describes the Dora Milaje as looking like Grace Jones.
    • T'Challa's version of the Ancestral Plane, with panthers sitting in a tree watching our Protagonist, has uncomfortable similarities to a Dream Sequence in the 1982 remake of the film Cat People.
    • When Shuri shows the self-materializing shoes to T'Challa, she remarks that it reminds her of an old movie their father used to watch a lot.
    • Okoye scornfully describes guns as being "primitive", calling to mind Obi-Wan Kenobi. "So uncivilized."
    • When Ross wakes up, he asks Shuri where he is. She replies, "Kansas."
    • Killmonger's primary outfit for a chunk of the film is a blue body armor with additional armor over his torso, which sports yellow shoulder straps, very much resembling Vegeta's from the Dragon Ball franchise. Additionally, Erik is technically a prince for much of the film. Vegeta famously boasts about his status as Prince of all Saiyans. Michael B. Jordan is a proud fan of the series.
    • The final confrontation features a brief lull where T'Challa shouts that Erik will become the very thing he set out to destroy.
    • While Klaue waits for Ross to arrive and interrogate him, he loudly sings Haddaway's "What Is Love."
  • Avengers: Infinity War:
    • When Iron Man first goes up against Ebony Maw, he refers to him as "Squidward". In the French version, he instead calls him "Voldemort".
    • In the commentary, the writers specifically say the shot of Maw's hand being burned by the housing of the Eye of Agamotto is a Shout-Out to Raiders of the Lost Ark.
    • Iron Man and Spider-Man blast a hole in Ebony Maw's ship and he's hurled into space, a deliberate Shout-Out to Alien, where the titular alien is killed in the same manner. During the scuffle on Titan, when Spider-Man encounters Mantis, he freaks out because he thinks she's going to lay eggs in him à la facehugger.
    • At one point during the Battle on Titan, Doctor Strange briefly takes on a multi-armed appearance reminiscent of the Hindu god Vishnu's Vishvarupa form from the Bhagavad Gita to intimidate Thanos. Made all the more appropriate considering that Vishnu boasted that he was "time grown old" as he took on that form; Strange of course is the keeper of the time stone, which Thanos is after in that particular fight.
    • Thanos is referred to as "Grimace" by Peter Quill.
    • The Russos are known fans of anime, and Thanos receiving the Soul Stone is a faithful recreation of Griffith during the Eclipse. Like Griffith, he sacrifices his loved one for power before sitting up in a shallow lake of water with the stone in his palm as a reddish solar eclipse shines in the backdrop.
    • During the Battle of Wakanda, Rocket's cries of "Get some!" while fighting the Outriders back-to-back with Bucky recalls the helicopter gunner from Full Metal Jacket; Bucky even at one point grabs Rocket by the scruff and spins him around in a circle for a better shot — like a helicopter rotor.
    • Tom Holland improvised his last lines as Spider-Man; the English actor confirmed in an interview that "I don't wanna go!" is a nod to David Tennant's tenth Doctor's final words in Doctor Who.
  • Ant-Man and the Wasp:
    • The climactic Car Chase through the streets of San Francisco can be seen as one to Trope Codifier Bullitt, especially Luis's Slo-Mo Big Air jump. It does verge into Affectionate Parody territory.
    • The name of the Wombats' security company, X-CON, is an obvious play on the X-COM video game series. Their logo even resembles the tile for the 2012 XCOM: Enemy Unknown expansion "Enemy Within".
    • Hope used to play hide and seek in a wardrobe as a girl. As an adult, she uses the alias "Susan", which was the name of the girl in The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe who had long black hair.
    • Toward the end, Cassie, Scott and Hope watch Them! (a movie about giant ants) on a portable computer, although reduced in one of Pym's cars to get the feel of an old-school drive-in.
    • Early on there's a brief clip from The Incredible Shrinking Man as well.
  • Avengers: Endgame:
    • Tony cheekily compares Nebula to a "Blue Meanie" from The Beatles Animated Movie Yellow Submarine in his recorded will to Pepper. In the French version, he calls her the Smurfette instead. He referred to Ant-Man as Literature/Thumbelina and Stuart Little. He also snarkily calls Thor (after five years of letting himself go and drinking like crazy) "Lebowski".
    • When Bruce and Rocket visit Thor in New Asgard, the latter initially thinks that it's someone to fix the cable. In The Big Lebowski there's a scene in which the titular character, whom Thor now resembles, watches and discusses the intro of an adult movie where the male actor states that he's there to fix the cable.
    • Also, Thor's roommates Miek and Korg are playing Fortnite.
    • The grand plan to jump back in time and snatch the Infinity Stones is referred to as a "Time Heist".
    • The cast mentions multiple Time Travel works while planning the Time Heist, including Back to the Future, Star Trek, Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure, The Terminator, Timecop, A Wrinkle in Time (specifically the sequel books, but that's not mentioned), Somewhere in Time, Quantum Leap, Hot Tub Time Machine and Die Hard, only for Scott to remember that the last one isn't actually a time-travel movie.
    • When Tony checks on Rocket's repair work leading up to the Time Heist, he calls him "Ratchet", to which Rocket annoyingly replies "It's Rocket, not Ratchet!". Both are small, fuzzy, gun-toting aliens with an itchy trigger finger. Naturally, Insomniac Games ran with it and put up a "Ratchet, not Rocket" shirt on their store.
    • Rhodey warns Nebula about there may be traps in the vault housing the Orb/Power Stone. There weren't any (aside from the shield around the Orb), but the traps that he thought of are lifted from Raiders of the Lost Ark.
    • Nebula, after reaching through the energy shield guarding the Power Stone, melts the synthetic flesh off her right arm, which now bears an exact resemblance to the T-800's metal endoskeleton arm from Terminator 2: Judgment Day. That scene is also similar to I, Robot where Sonny reaches into a forcefield to obtain the nanites needed to kill the Big Bad.
    • Thanos's double-bladed sword, which can be hurled like a giant shuriken/buzzsaw through his enemies and then returns to his hand on command, resembles and functions almost exactly like the similar sword wielded by Tessai the rock-monster from the 1993 anime classic Ninja Scroll.
    • Iron Man being the one to deliver the finishing blow against Thanos may be a reference to the fact that the villains first appearance was in an Iron Man comic book.
    • The animation of the Leviathan about to devour Rocket right before getting turned to dust by Tony's snap looks exactly like the animation of the holographic Jaws advertisement attacking Marty in Back to the Future Part II.
    • In an interview with SModcast, writers Markus and McFeely revealed that the credits with the signatures of the original five Avengers is a shout-out to the credits of Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country.

TV series

  • Agent Carter:
    • The "long-distance" typewriter Green Suit uses to report to and receive orders from his superior is similar to the typewriter Fauxlivia used in Fringe to report to and receive orders from her superior in the other dimension.
    • Angie performs a brief monologue from A Doll's House in "A Sin to Err". Dooley also name drops King Kong.
    • invokedWord of God says that Ovechkin, the Russian private seen in the flashback in "SNAFU", is a reference to hockey player Alexander Ovechkin. Interestingly enough, with the knowledge that "Ivchenko" is actually an alias, Dr. Fennhoff may have intentionally chosen it as an anagram for the soldier's name.


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