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Sesamstraat is the Dutch adaptation to Sesame Street. Having started airing in 1976, this Dutch/Flemish co-production is one of the longest running adaptations of the show, second only to the German version, and by extension one of the longest continuously running Dutch television shows.

Sesamstraat features its own Dutch and Flemish human characters and a few original Dutch Muppet characters. The show also uses dubbed scenes from the American version that only feature Muppet characters.

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Compared to its original counterpart, Sesamstraat places more emphasis on the social development of young children rather than teaching them basic reading and mathematics. The reason behind this, is that, unlike in America, learning letters and numbers is a fundamental part of Dutch children's education.

The original Dutch Muppet cast includes:

  • Tommie: A small doglike creature whose mentality resembles that of a 5-6 year old boy. He is known for saying 'Poehee' (Pronounce as 'Poo hey') when he is surprised or annoyed.
  • Ieniemienie: A mouse character resembling a 6 year old girl.
  • Pino: More or less the Dutch counterpart to Big Bird. Pino is a large blue bird, who, in terms of character, resembles a three year old child.
  • Purk: A small pig, resembling a baby.
  • Angsthaas and Stuntkip (Translation: Scaredyhare and Stunt-Chicken): A duo of muppets who teach children how to deal with fear in situations that might scare them, such as going to the doctor.
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Notable human characters include:

  • Buurman Baasje(Neighbor Bossy): A grumpy neighbor who always has a complaint about the Muppet characters.
  • Mr. Aart: A somewhat dignified elderly man. He was introduced to the show as a grumpy old man because critics felt the show was too idyllic. In his early years, Aart was an arrogant man who always thought he knew better than the other residents of Sesamstraat. But as he aged, he gradually grew into a more caring grandfatherly type. To still have a resident grouch in the show, the character of Buurman Baasje was created.
  • Lot: Started out as a teenage older sister type, but evolved into more of a "Working mother" type.
  • Sien: The owner of the local supermarket. She is more or less the "aunt" of the muppet characters.
  • Frank: Was introduced as a teenage older brother, but gradually developed into an "ideal uncle".
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  • Elvan: was introduced to take over the role of teenage older sister from Lot

This adaptation also features many Muppets from the original Sesame Street, including, but not limited to Bert and Ernie, Elmo, Kermit the Frog, Oscar, Count von Count and Cookie Monster.

Sesamstraat features examples of:

  • Character Development: A case of Real Life Writes the Plot. Since the human characters age visibly, they are no longer fit to play certain roles, so they are gradually developed into more mature roles. When this happens, new younger actors are hired to play the younger character types. Examples are Lot and Frank, who played teenage characters, but took on a motherly and a "cool uncle" role respectively.
  • Christmas Episode: Subverted. Instead of a Christmas episode, the show gets an annual Sinterklaas themed episode. In Dutch speaking countries, Christmas is not a holiday children associate with receiving presents and thus not as relevant to them as it is in America. The holiday Dutch and Flemish children associate with presents instead is Sinterklaas, which coincidentally is the inspiration for the character of Santa Claus.
  • Grumpy Old Man: The Dutch portion of the show has at least one character filling this role to avoid the show becoming too idyllic. Aart filled the role at first and was replaced by Buurman Baasje, allowing Aart to become more of a grandfatherly character.
  • Long Runner: This adaptation is one of the oldest still running shows in the Netherlands, having started in 1976. Suffice to say that many Dutch parents who now watch this show with their children have watched it when they were young themselves.
  • Retool: Around 2005, the show moved to a more abstract looking set, in which the background pieces resembled huge toy blocks, while the trees look like giant stacks of broccoli.
  • Sliding Scale of Idealism vs. Cynicism: Addressed by critics. In the early days of the show, critics felt the show was too idealistic. They felt that the show needed a metaphorical "Snake in the paradise". As a result, the character of Mr. Aart was added to the show.
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