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Series / Outlander

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Outlander is a British-American television drama series, adapted from Diana Gabaldon's series of novels, and airing on Starz. It's created by Ronald D. Moore, of Battlestar Galactica fame. It stars Caitriona Balfe, Sam Heughan and Tobias Menzies.

In 1945, married World War II nurse Claire Beauchamp Randall goes on a second honeymoon to Scotland with her husband Frank only to find herself transported back in time to 1743. It's a time of danger and Civil War, where she encounters both her husband's vicious ancestor "Black Jack" Randall and dashing Highland warrior Jamie Fraser.

Same as the books it's based on, the genre of the series is a little hard to classify. While the producing network seems intent on categorizing it mainly as a romance (and marketing it towards women), it does tick off many boxes where Historical Fiction tropes are concerned, and due to the time travel involved can also be of interest to fantasy and sci-fi fans.


Also notable for casting actual Scots in the main Scottish roles, showcasing Scotland's landscapes as far as possible, and using Gaelic (that isn't subtitled!) in most episodes.

Its fourth season premiered on November 4, 2018.


  • Adaptation Expansion: Laoghaire appears in Season 2 even though the character never appears in the source novel. Ron Moore has revealed that she was added to set up her storyline in Season 3.
  • After-Action Patch-Up: Claire does this for Jamie all the time.
  • All There in the Script: Brianna is not named at all in the brief flash-forward that begins the episode Faith. Instead, she is named in the closing credits.
  • Ambiguously Gay: The Duke of Sandringham, who is stereotypically effeminate (although this is also similar to many heterosexual "fops" or "dandys" of the time's behavior), a lifelong bachelor, and played by the openly gay English actor Simon Callow.
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  • An Arm and a Leg: Fergus has his hand cut off by British soldiers for taunting them.
  • Apothecary Alligator: Seen hanging from the ceiling in Master Raymond's apothecary in the episode Not in Scotland Anymore.
  • Artistic License – History:
    • Claire and Geillis Duncan are prosecuted for witchcraft. The year is 1743, and the British Parliament had abolished this crime in 1735. Under the Witchcraft Act they passed, it was made a crime to accuse someone of this. It's brought up by their attorney, but they're being tried in a church court, which is a separate jurisdiction. The last real Scottish prosecution for witchcraft was in 1727.
    • Claire and Geillis are condemned on the testimony of a Catholic priest. In a Church of Scotland court. Catholicism being illegal at the time, and Catholic clergy subject to imprisonment, a priest would keep as far away from a Church of Scotland court as he could; nor would such a court accept testimony from a priest.
    • Characters from the Highlands are often heard using words from the Lowland Scots language to give the English dialogue a more Scottish flavour. Historically very few Highlanders in this period would've spoken Scots, as English was considered the language of prestige and was the medium of instruction in schools, while Gaelic was the vernacular. After the language had been neglected by the Scottish government and the Lowland nobility for the better part of a century, it had been replaced by English even in some parts of the Lowlands.
      • Most of the accents in the show bear fairly little resemblance to the way English would be spoken by a native speaker of Scottish Gaelic. Justified in that this accent would likely not be as recognisably "Scottish" to American or international viewers (it's often said to sound more like an Irish or Welsh accent).
      • In general, most of the less well-educated Highlanders, such as Angus and Rupert, would likely not have been able to speak any English at all. For obvious reasons, this is altered in the show.
    • During preparations for the Battle of Culloden, a Jacobite soldier can be seen wielding a large two-handed Claymore, a sword which had not been used for around 100 years at this point.
    • Claire introduces Jamie to the word "fuck", which he is initially bewildered by, the suggestion being that it wasn't a word used in Scotland. Though not as common as in English, prominent Scots writers had been using the word since the 16th century.
    • The Jacobite rebellion is presented as very much an England vs Scotland conflict in the show (not helped by the fact that the terms "English" and "British" are occasionally conflated). The truth is far more complex, as there were a number of Jacobites in England, and certainly not all Scots supported the cause. Within Scotland itself, it could probably best be characterized as Catholics and Episcopalians vs Presbyterians. Still, there would have been no real reason to suspect Claire just because she happened to be English. In the 18th century in particular, Highlanders would likely have had more loyalty to their clans, and, more broadly, other Highlanders, than they would have had to the nation of Scotland.
    • The difference between Highlanders and Lowlanders in the 18th century was far larger than is depicted in the show. Their languages, political systems, culture, and music were all completely separate from one another. For a modern viewer, the difference can be thought of as being roughly equivalent to that of somebody from France and somebody from Germany.
    • The term "Sassenach" (literally "Saxon") was used by 18th century Highlanders to refer both to the English and the Lowland Scots—essentially a person who didn't speak Gaelic. In the show, it is presented as meaning only "English person."
    • The show gives the impression that there was some settlement of Highland Scots in the Appalachian mountains of North Carolina. However, nearly all of the Scottish-origin people who settled in the Appalachians were Scots-Irish, descended mainly from lowland Scots farmers who had moved to Ireland in the 17th century, and had very little cultural overlap with the Highlanders. The location of Grandfather Mountain as the setting of the North Carolina Highland Games was chosen not because of an immigrant connection but because the real location the Highlanders had settled—the Cape Fear Valley, where Jocasta Cameron's plantation is located—was deemed not atmospheric enough (too flat).
  • Artistic License – Pharmacology:
    • Claire says monk's hood (aconite) has no known medicinal uses. In reality, it has several, well known since ancient times, though since it's highly toxic in larger doses other medications are used now. This might be excused as ignorance, except she is a trained nurse and highly knowledgeable of herbs so you'd expect she'd know this.
    • Similarly, lily-of-the-valley does exist in Scotland, and is probably more common than wild garlic (whose leaves, not berries, are sometimes confused with the poisonous plant). Treating with Digitalis, which has a similar heart-effective poison, is risky at best, and might worsen the symptoms at worst.
  • Artistic License – Religion:
    • Although Charles Edward Stuart is correctly portrayed as a Catholic, raised in Italy, the Scottish were not still mostly Catholic at this point. Scotland had been majority Reformed Presbyterian all the way back to John Knox in the 1560s. Thus, the talk of the "heretic" Hanoverians is pretty far off. The difference in religion was the least of the Scottish concerns at the time. This series seems to underline that most Scots still are Catholic by faith (Jamie, for instance, is constantly crossing himself). In reality, it was only the Highland clans who were still Catholics (and not surprisingly make up the bulk of Jacobites). The series doesn't make this clear.
      • And not all Highlanders, either. Clan Campbell, one of the largest and most famous of all the Scottish clans, was firmly Protestant, as were several others.
    • In "Providence" Roger meets Father Alexandre Ferigault, who's a French Catholic priest held captive by the Mohawk because he offended them in not performing a baptism on his son. He tells Roger that it Catholic doctrine as he's not in a state of grace, due to violating his vows by conceiving the boy. This is wrong though. Catholic doctrine is that a sacrament stays valid regardless of the spiritual state the person who performs that, because in their belief it's God not the human being who has done it. The opposite view, called Donatism, is actually condemned as a heresy by the Church.
  • Attempted Rape: Claire is nearly raped several times in the first half-season alone.
  • Berserk Button: Colum MacKenzie may be a benevolent man, but comment on his crooked legs, and you are in for a world of trouble — unless you are Claire.
  • Bilingual Bonus: Unsubtitled Lowland Scots and Scottish Gaelic abound.
  • Bi the Way: Lord John Grey, who lost his lover in the Rising. He's attracted to Jamie, though the latter doesn't take kindly to him making a pass, given his past trauma from having been raped by another man (plus Jamie is straight). They later become friends however. He later reveals that he's also attracted to women when speaking with Brianna, such as his late wife.
  • Bitter Almonds: Claire smells this on Arthur Duncan's breath, leading to her conclusion that he was poisoned.
  • Brave Scot: Everyone with a Scottish accent qualifies.
  • Burn the Witch!: Claire and Geillis are accused of witchcraft, with this as punishment. Accurate, unlike some examples, as Scottish law actually had burned at the stake as punishment (although most condemned were strangled first).
  • The Cassandra: Claire, warning against the outcome of the Jacobite uprising. Of course, no one actually listens to her.
  • Circle of Standing Stones: How Claire is transported back in time.
  • Child by Rape:
    • Jamie's son William, as he was blackmailed by William's mother Geneva into having sex with her.
    • Brianna realizes she is pregnant two months after the night she was raped by Stephen Bonnet, which occurred hours after her consensual sexual experience with Roger. At first, Brianna believes she is pregnant as the result of the rape by Stephen Bonnet and not from her sexual experience with Roger because, as she confides to her mother, Roger pulled out during sex. However, Brianna later realizes that the withdrawal method to prevent pregnancy is not foolproof and tells Claire she isn't sure if her child was conceived as the result of the rape or sex with Roger.
  • Cloud Cuckoolander: Father Fogden, after a long time living alone with his servant and his coconut.
  • Defiled Forever: Jamie warns Claire not to let anyone know of Mary's rape, or she'll never be married, something which Claire finds outrageous.
  • Deliberate Values Dissonance:
    • This is often explored In-Universe since Claire is from the 1940s, finds herself transported back to the very different era of the 1740s, and experiences first-hand that some of the values and standards of the 1740s are... different. Claire's 18th-century husband Jamie is a very sympathetic character — but when Claire disobeys him and puts their group in danger, he feels morally obligated to take a belt to her bottom... It doesn't go well for anyone. Jamie later swears on his knife never to lay a hand on Claire again and she tells him — while they're having sex — that if he ever does, she'll cut his heart out and eat it for breakfast. Said while holding the knife to his throat, no less.
    • Jarring to modern audiences is Claire drinking alcohol during her Season 2 pregnancy in Paris. Yet, though Claire is an educated and well-versed nurse trained in the 20th century, she is still from the 1940s and even she couldn't have known alcohol use could have been harmful to her baby because it was not well-known before the 1970s.
  • Depraved Bisexual: "Black Jack" Randall, who tortures and rapes Jamie while the latter is a prisoner in Wentworth Prison. He had previously attempted to rape Jamie's sister, though couldn't perform.
  • The Dung Ages: Everyone is muddy and grimy, with the sole exception of the wealthiest nobles, and even then, that is only when dressing up. The first thing Claire notes about her erstwhile savior is that he reeks to high heaven.
  • Even the Guys Want Him: Granted, the two men who express interest in Jamie are gay and bisexual respectively, but it's clear that he is pretty much universally attractive.
  • Even Evil Has Loved Ones:
    • Played straight with Black Jack Randall. He has a sickly younger brother Alex whom he cares for deeply.
    • Averted with the Duke of Sandringham. He didn't seem the least bit fazed that his attack on Claire resulted in his goddaughter Mary being raped.
  • Family Relationship Switcheroo:
    • Colum's son Hamish is his nephew biologically, sired by his younger brother Dougal. Due to Colum's disability, it's likely that he couldn't have children of his own but he still needed an heir. This is foreshadowed when Claire assumes Dougal is Hamish's father early in Season 1.
    • Jack Randall isn't Frank's direct ancestor for a similar reason. Frank's direct Randall ancestor is Alex Randall, Jack's younger brother. Alex and Mary Hawkins conceive a child together. Because Alex is fatally ill and too unwell to wed Mary, he pleads for Jack to wed Mary in his place so Mary will be provided for after his death. Jack agrees to marry her, promising Alex he will protect and provide for Mary. As a result, everyone believes Mary and Alex's child is the child of Mary and Jack.
  • Fish out of Temporal Water: Claire, a twentieth-century woman, ends up in eighteenth-century Scotland.
  • Florence Nightingale Effect: Claire to Jamie. Granted, he was the first one she tended to after her fall through the time rift.
  • Foregone Conclusion: The second season premiere opens with Claire returning to her time and learning that history is unchanged. This means that her efforts for the rest of the season to prevent the Battle of Culloden are doomed.
  • From Dress to Dressing: Claire in the first episode.
  • Future Slang: Claire introduces Jamie to the word "fuck".
  • Good Girls Avoid Abortion:
    • Louise de Rohan asks Claire to give her an abortifacient after she becomes pregnant due to her affair with Prince Charles. However, Claire warns her that the herb used is highly toxic and very risky to take. She eventually changes her mind and passes the baby off as her husband's.
    • When her daughter Brianna gets pregnant, possibly from rape, Claire gives Brianna the option of a surgical abortion if that is what Brianna decides. After Brianna thinks it over, she ultimately turns it down and decides to keep the child, regardless of the child's paternity.
  • Green-Eyed Monster: Laoghaire towards Claire — which increases after Claire marries Jamie.
  • Gorn: The camera doesn't shy away from the serious injuries Claire treats, but Black Jack's savage scourging of Jamie might be one of the goriest sequences ever televised.
  • Historical Hero Upgrade: Bonnie Prince Charlie has been given one in modern Scotland, which disgusts Claire, noting that the real man was, in fact, a fool who led his men to their deaths. He's also been depicted as much taller than his actual height.
  • Hollywood Tactics: Dougal seems to be under the impression that a Highland Charge is just charging madly at the enemy with swords drawn. In reality, a Highland Charge was a quick, organised advance with muskets followed up with a volley and then a charge into melee range. A seasoned commander like Dougal should definitely know better.
  • Hypocritical Heartwarming: The MacKenzies frequently make disparaging remarks towards Claire, but the moment another Scottish clan insults Claire, they step up to defend her.
    Murtagh Fraser: You're a guest of the MacKenzie. We can insult you, but God help any other man that does.
  • I Choose to Stay: Jamie chooses to stay at Helwater over returning home out of love for his newborn son William and to watch him grow up. Despite wanting to claim William as his own child, Jamie is prevented from doing so because Willie will be outed as illegitimate if he does and the Dunsays — the family of William's mother Geneva — must keep the scandal of William's true parentage under wraps. However, in order to have as much of a hand in raising Willie as possible, Jamie stays at Helwater as a groom, where he and Willie develop a close and loving relationship. When Willie is 8 years old, people begin to notice Willie's growing resemblance to Jamie and Jamie is forced to separate from his son to protect him. Jamie and Willie are heartbroken when Jamie must leave.
  • Identical Grandson: Frank and Jonathan "Black Jack" Randall. Although, it turns out that Frank is actually descended from Black Jack's brother Alexander. Jack honors Alexander's last wishes by marrying his pregnant lover.
  • In the Past, Everyone Will Be Famous: In Season 4's "Wilmington", Claire attends a party and is stunned to meet a former British colonel by the name of George Washington.
  • It Will Never Catch On: In "Dragonfly in Amber," Mother Hildegarde is surprised when Claire is familiar with Sebastian Bach, who at the time is a local musician she is in correspondence with. She mentions that she doesn't think he is very good and won't go anywhere with his career.
  • Jack Bauer Interrogation Technique: Jenny, Jamie's sister, gives this to an English soldier by heating up the ramrod of his musket in the campfire and applying it to the soles of his bare feet, in order to get him to talk. In keeping with the trope, he tells them the truth: he's a courier, which prompts Claire to go through his bags and find out what the army is planning to do with Jamie.
  • Jerk with a Heart of Gold: Dougal, though the respective quantities of "jerk" and "gold" are often deliberately ambiguous.
  • Killed Off for Real: Rupert in "The Battle Joined".
  • Large and in Charge: Dougal. He's physically imposing — and he's often in charge.
  • Luke, You Are My Father: In episode "The Birds and the Bees", Brianna introduces herself to Jamie as his daughter after some initial awkwardness when they meet. Jamie certainly knew about his daughter Brianna but believed she was currently in the 1970s. Though he's seen photos of her when Claire brought some with her from the 20th-century in Season 3, he initially doesn't recognize Brianna when she meets him in the 18th-century — but it quickly becomes clear to him Brianna is his daughter.
  • The Medic: Claire is a skilled physician, having worked as an army nurse during World War II, and treats many people during her stay in the 18th century (including Jamie).
  • Mercy Kill:
    • Claire euthanizes a slave named Rufus with poisoned tea when he's about to be torturously killed for cutting an overseer's ear off after he whipped him.
    • Roger comes back when he's escaping to save Father Alexandre Ferigault from torture by tossing a barrel of oil onto the stake where he's burning, which then consumes him.
  • Mistaken Identity: Since Jamie hadn't known it was Stephen Bonnet who raped Brianna and he has never seen Brianna's Love Interest Roger before, Jamie mistakes Roger as the man who raped Brianna when Brianna's maid Lizzie identifies him as Brianna's rapist. Jamie nearly beats Roger to death and afterward, tells Young Ian to get rid of him and Young Ian sells Roger to the Mohawk. Lizzie mistakes Roger as Brianna's rapist because she had witnessed a heated argument between Roger and Brianna and Brianna is raped that night, unaware Brianna consensually lost her virginity to Roger hours before Bonnet raped her. Later, when Brianna realizes what's happened, she's devastated and immediately tells Jamie, Young Ian, and Lizzie it wasn't Roger who raped her but Bonnet who did. Jamie, Lizzie, and Ian are horrified and Jamie and Young Ian resolve to get Roger back.
  • Mistaken for Prostitute:
    • In the very first episode, Black Jack and the Highlanders all think Claire might be a prostitute because her (quite modest) 1940s white dress looks like underwear to them - and because she's brash and unafraid to swear.
    • When Brianna first approaches Jamie, he mistakes her intentions as a proposition, telling her that he's married.
  • Mr. Fanservice: Jamie is a handsome, well-muscled man who has more than his share of shirtless scenes.
  • Nice Job Breaking It, Hero!: Claire's attempt to rescue Jamie from Wentworth Prison fails dismally. She's captured, and Jamie has to agree to Black Jack's terms to get Claire released.
  • Nobody Poops: Averted. When Brianna first approaches Jamie, he's taking a piss in an alley.
  • No Good Deed Goes Unpunished: Stephen Bonnet, a pirate and thief, pays back Jamie and Claire for their help in his escape by coming back to rob them. Jamie and Claire had even risked themselves when they helped out Bonnet — and they almost lose their own lives again when Bonnet and his band robs them and murders their boat's captain. Later, when Jamie and Claire's daughter Brianna arrives in Wilmington, she runs into Bonnet and notices Bonnet has Claire's wedding ring to Jamie. When she tries to haggle for it with money, Bonnet refuses and instead, he rapes her as 'payment' for the ring.
  • No-Holds-Barred Beatdown:
  • No Periods, Period: Averted, Jamie knows Claire is pregnant because her period was late and he knows she's usually extremely regular.
  • Oh, Crap!:
    • Claire gets a full Oh, Crap! in "Both Sides Now" after she tries to bluff "Black Jack" Randall by claiming that she's an agent of Randall's patron, the Duke of Sandringham. As Randall notes, that actually means being an agent for the Duke's wife, and Claire acknowledges that she's been in communication with the Duchess.
      Randall: But then, of course, the Duke... [takes some rope out of his desk] ...never married.
    • And in the next episode ("The Reckoning"), Randall gets his own Oh, Crap! when he fires Jamie's musket at Jamie's head at point-blank range... only to discover that Jamie had been carrying an unloaded musket.
  • Only Sane Man: Jamie, when he tries to avoid the battle of Culloden by pointing out that the area will give the English every advantage. He even draws up a contingency and an alternative strategy. Of course, nobody heeds him.
  • Orphaned Etymology: Averted, Jamie in one episode asks Claire what the word "fuck" means after hearing her use it. Significantly, Geillis uses "fuck" in a sentence in front of Claire during their witch trial. While Claire is too stressed to notice, this is a subtle foreshadowing of Geillis's reveal.
  • Parental Substitute:
    • Claire and Jamie to Fergus.
    • Jamie asks Lord John Grey to be this for his son William when Jamie and John realize Jamie must leave Helwater to protect Willie. Jamie asks Lord John to serve as a father to his son and look after him in his stead. Lord John and his wife Isobel (Willie's maternal aunt) agree to raise Willie, promising Jamie they will look after his son.
  • Perfectly Arranged Marriage: Claire and Jamie, though Jamie was in love with her before, but he didn't let on until after they are married a while .
  • Playing Gertrude: This happens in season 3 after the Time Skip to 1968. Claire is supposed to be 50 years old, but Caitriona Balfe was 36 at the time, although she wears a salt-and-pepper wig to make her look older, and when she makes it back to the 18th century, she dyes her hair to cover the grey anyway. Balfe is also only 15 years older than the actress who plays her daughter Brianna, who is 23. It also eventually happens with Jamie, although unlike with Claire they don't bother to make Sam Heughan look any older aside from giving him reading glasses. Claire actually lampshades this, when she notes that he is unusually fit for a man of his age and occupation.
  • The Plot Reaper: Frank's death is convenient for Jamie and Claire's reunion.
  • Poor Communication Kills: Claire realizes that if she had told Jamie it was Bonnet who raped Brianna, it might have saved Roger since Jamie would not have mistaken Roger for the man who raped Brianna, given him a No-Holds-Barred Beatdown, and Roger wouldn't have been sold to the Mohawk. She reveals that she never thought she could keep something like this from Jamie — until Brianna was born. Before having to reveal the truth to clear Roger, Brianna tells Claire she doesn't want Jamie to know it was Bonnet because she didn't want Jamie to blame himself and feared Jamie would go after a dangerous guy like Bonnet.
    Claire: I'm sorry I didn't tell you it was Stephen Bonnet when I knew. Had I, it might have saved Roger. I never thought I would keep a secret like that from you. Until Brianna.
  • Precision F-Strike: Geillis delivers one in "The Devil's Mark", doubling as a Wham Line because it reveals that she, like Claire, is not from the 1700s.
  • Rape as Drama:
    • Jamie is quite brutally and explicitly raped by Randall in prison.
    • Later, Mary Hawkins is raped by a masked brigand on the streets of Paris.
    • It turns out that Randall also raped Fergus after he found him in his room in Madame Elise's establishment, which led to a duel with Jamie.
    • Then to get Jamie released when he's arrested for the duel, Claire is forced to let King Louis have sex with her. ** Later in a milder example, Jamie is blackmailed into sex by Geneva.
    • Geillis also coerces Ian into "unspeakable things", and Jamie comforts him, sharing his own past experiences.
    • Brianna is later raped by Stephen Bonnet, the man who had robbed her mother of a ring, after he offers it back if she'll have sex with him and she refuses. This one is offscreen, made worse by the fact that more than six people hear it going on and do nothing (in this case though, it's shown as being less bystander syndrome than them just being indifferent to rape-the producers said that's a mark of the times).
  • Retroactive Precognition: Claire arrives in 1743 with some historical knowledge about how the Jacobite Risings are going to play out. She's not a Scottish history expert, but she knows that an English victory is a Foregone Conclusion and that the Final Battle Of Culloden is three years away in 1746.
  • Scarpia Ultimatum: When Black Jack has both Jamie and Claire captured in Wentworth Prison, this is the only way one of them can free the other. When Jamie is put in the Bastille later, Claire learns the king will free him for this. However, it turns out that the king has more than simply that in mind for her.
  • See You in Hell: The Comte de St. Gemain's last words to Claire.
  • Soft-Spoken Sadist: Black Jack Randall is a straight-up sadist; all of his sexual interactions seem to involve rape or other extreme cruelty. His speech is usually polite and measured, as befits a gentleman; even when he's furious, he generally doesn't raise his voice.
  • Someone to Remember Him By: Claire returns to the 20th century pregnant with her and Jamie's child.
  • Spared by the Adaptation: Murtagh survives the Battle of Culloden and becomes a prisoner alongside Jamie. He is last seen being sent with all the prisoners (except for Jamie, who is taken to England) to the American colonies.
  • Spit Take: Jack Randall when Claire casually brings up the Duke of Sandringham during their conversation.
  • Take Me Instead: Jamie offers to trade himself for Roger's release and tells Young Ian to make this offer to the Mohawk. When the Mohawk accept the offer, it's revealed Young Ian has offered himself in Jamie's place so Jamie and Claire can return to their daughter with Roger. Jamie and Young Ian are heartbroken over having to part and Young Ian makes Jamie promise not to come back for him because he gave his word he will stay. This trope is played with since the Mohawk aren't among the series' villains and when Young Ian manages to pass the Mohawk's test, he is declared one of them and Young Ian looks over the moon with happiness.
  • Their First Time: Brianna and Roger, after handfasting (an old Scottish custom in which a couple get temporarily married outside formal proceedings), tenderly have sex in a closed up shop (it's also her first time, period, as she is a virgin before this). Unfortunately, they have a fight afterward, which causes Brianna to leave.
  • The Stoner: Father Fogden, who adapts the habit of smoking some local herbs in a pipe — "quite relaxing".
  • Time Skip: The Season 2 finale, Dragonfly in Amber, starts in 1968.
  • Time Travel Romance: Claire and Jamie.
  • Title Montage: The opening credits are a series of aesthetically-pleasing shots from the show.
  • Variations on a Theme Song:
    • When the setting moves to France in Series 2, some verses of the theme song are sung in French.
    • In season 3, the theme shifts from a sad Scottish ballad (marking the end of the Highlander culture) to a "modern" feel and then to an island beat when Claire and Jamie travel to Jamaica.
    • In season 4, as the duo comes to America, the theme is now filled with banjo music for a "folk" feeling.
  • Ungrateful Bastard: Stephen Bonnet, a thief, is helped by Claire and Jamie. He repays them by coming back with some other thieves to rob everyone.
  • Wham Episode: "The Devil's Mark". Claire learns that Geillis comes from 1968. Followed by Claire revealing to Jamie that she comes from the future.
    • Season 2 opens and ends with one. In a flash-forward, Claire returns to her own time and learns that the outcome of the Battle of Culloden remains unchanged — and she's pregnant with her child by Jamie. The season finale, Dragonfly in Amber, opens on a TV showing an episode of The Avengers to show a Time Skip has taken place.
  • Who's Your Daddy?: Brianna isn't sure whether her baby is fathered by Roger or her rapist since the rape took place on the same day as her having consensual sex with Roger.

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