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Muhteşem Yüzyıl Kösem is a Turkish historical drama and a follow-up to the international hit Muhteşem Yüzyıl (Magnificent Century). Premiering in 2015 on Star TV, it details the life of Mahpeyker Kösem Sultan, one of the most powerful women in the history of the Ottoman Empire, charting her evolution from a concubine of Ahmed I to a formidable valide sultan.

The series begins in 1603; Ahmed is proclaimed Sultan following the death of his father, Mehmed III, but there is little jubilation as he takes the throne. At only thirteen years of age, Ahmed is a inexperienced leader and overwhelmed by his newfound position of power. Moreover, the fate of the dynasty lies in his hands: his only successor is his half-brother Mustafa, only a young boy, who has been unexpectedly spared from the tradition of fratricide. The viziers dread a Succession Crisis should the worst come to pass, while rival players await an opportunity to strike.

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Unbeknownst to Ahmed, a coronation gift courtesy of his grandmother Safiye has arrived in Istanbul's harbor: Anastasia. A carefree merchant's daughter from island of Kefalonia, Anastasia was the subject of a local painter whose work fatefully found its way into the imperial treasury, where her radiance captivated the future sultan. Needless to say, the girl in the painting is none too pleased to be forcibly abducted as a surprise "gift" for a foreign monarch. Far from home in a strange land, she finds nothing but misery in the palace... save for the unexpected friendship she develops with none other than the young sultan himself.

The girl Anastasia grows into the woman Kösem Sultan, who would bear witness to momentous historical events and the reigns of six sultans. The first season, starring Beren Saat in the titular role, details Kösem's life as Ahmed's consort, as she rises to prominence and learns to navigate the Ottoman court. Season two features Nurgül Yeşilçay as an older Kösem, now valide sultan, and begins in 1632, as her son Murad breaks free from her regency to rule in his own right.

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Despite initial buzz for the series and an impressive cast lineup, Magnificent Century: Kösem ultimately failed to achieve the popularity of its predecessor. Faced with low ratings and numerous shake-ups behind the scenes, the saga was forced to end after only two seasons.


Magnificent Century: Kösem features examples of:

  • Abduction Is Love: Played with. While Ahmed doesn't order her abduction, he fails to understand why Anastasia is angered by her predicament. It's only as he begins to know Anastasia and truly view her as a person rather than an object (or "gift") that she comes to like him in the same way.
  • Aborted Arc: Several.
    • The Giray brothers — Crimean Princes — are introduced in the first episode as possible inheritors of the Ottoman throne should Ahmed and Mustafa die without heirs. The two brothers appears eager accelerate that process, particularly Şahin. However, Şahin is imprisoned for scheming halfway through the first season and never mentioned again, while Mehmed is shoehorned into whichever role the narrative needs him to play. He too eventually disappears without a trace.
    • The re-introduction of Kösem's sister appears to foreshadow a family reunion and possible conflict. However, she is killed on Kösem's orders in an "accident" two episodes later, before either learns the true identity of the other.
    • Meleki Hatun was one of Kösem's most important retainers historically. Despite being granted a backstory in the first season, she is Demoted to Extra in the second, exiled to the old palace, and never seen again.
    • The political implications behind Murad's marriage to a foreign princess are forgotten almost as soon as the wedding actually happens.
  • Action Girl:
    • Gölge Hatun
    • Farya Bethlen
  • Adorkable: Anastasia and Ahmed. Apart and especially together.
    • Bülbül could also count.
  • Animal Motifs: Particullary in the first episode, "The Lion, The Wolf and The Lamb". Ahmed, like every sultan, is associated with lions (his mother calls him a lion) and Giray brothers give him a caged lion as a gift which Şahin then frees in an attempt to assassinate him, the wolf probably refers to Şahin Giray, and lastly Anastasia holds a lamb on her portrait. Somewhat confusingly, Anastasia is also associated with an attacking lion trough editing in one of her moments of defiance.
  • Artistic License – History: Hoo, boy, where to start.
    • Most of the plot points in the series could be sorted into two categories - one that we have no way of knowing whether they happened (such as Safiye's death - we don't know when she died or how), because the historical record is incomplete, or ones that there's no way in hell they happened. Many of Safiye's most egregious exploits fall into this category - she dissapears from historical record after Ahmed's ascencion, when she was exiled into Old Palace. Considering how unpopular she was with the people and that she was responsible for the death of sultan's older brother, this was pretty much given and though she may have tried to gamble her way out of exile, there's no way we can prove it, and for the most of the period the series is set in she probably didn't do much except for enjoying the retirement. The series understandably didn't want to waste a good character and actress, so they gave her more and more implausible things to do, up to and including secret surviving son.
    • Mehmed III. and Safiye had two daughters with Safiye, possibly three, and one of them was named Hüma, though she was older than Hümaşah in the series. Mehmed III. also had a daughter named Fahriye, but her mother was not Safiye and she was only married twice. There's no proof their lives were half as interesting as their series' counterparts, the most notable thing about them being the involvement of Ayşe sultan, Safiye's daughter, in charity.
    • In the series, Ahmed has only sister, Dilruba; in reality, he had multiple, including at least two who were daughters of Halime and another two who were daughters of Handan. Not much is known about them, besides (sometimes) what pashas they married and when. Not even their names are known from completely reliable sources. One of them was indeed married off to Kara Davud, though.
    • The show significantly downplays Handan's power in the first few years of Ahmed's reign. In fact, it was her, not Kösem, who helped him to get rid of Safiye's supporters in the divan. Conversely, Kösem's power during Ahmed I.'s reign is greatly exeggarated - despite being his favorite, Ahmed apparently didn't allow her to influence him that much, as he was worried he would be perceived as ruled by women, which in turn could very well remind people of his father, whose influential mother Safiye was extremely unpopular.
    • Speaking of which, the series also makes Haci Mustafa aga, one of the most influential harem eunuchs in Ottoman history, into little more than Kösem's sidekick. It was actually him who ruled the harem after Handan's death, not Kösem, although they were allies. There are some speculations that she learned more about Ahmed and gained more influence on him trough Haci Mustafa, since Ahmed was wary of being openly influenced by women. Either way, it was Haci Mustafa, not Kösem, who primarily pushed for Mustafa as Ahmed's successor.
    • While Handan could've been poisoned, it's just as likely she died of some illness. All we know about the cause of her death is that it could've been mistaken for an disease of digestive tract. Rumors also circulated that her state worsened after one of her pasha protegees was executed, which the show didn't depict. It also couldn't have anything to do with Derviş pasha's execution, since became a Grand Vizier only after her death.
    • Several Ahmed's children, whose mother in show was Kösem, might not in fact been hers. This includes Mehmed, Gevherhan (though it's more likely Kösem actually was her mother) and Burnaz Atike. The show also omits some of Ahmed's daughters, whose mother definitely wasn't Kösem, most notably Abide. It's not that most of them don't play a bigger role in the series, that is quite understandable considering how many of them there were - but we don't get even a hint that they existed, where Kösem's daughters are present at least in part of the season despite not having many speaking lines or effect on the plot.
    • In the show, Derviş pasha is killed because he is responsible for the death of Ahmed's father. In fact, it were his draconian tax laws and general unpopularity in the divan that became his downfall.
    • Overall, Ahmed is somewhat mischaracterized by being portrayed as something of a Nice Guy, when in reality he had quite a temper and was fixated on projecting strenght. His numerous military defeats are omitted too, including a pretty ridiculous incident, in which shortly after embarking on his first campaign he got so sick the whole affair was cancelled, and a quick peace had to be made.
    • Osman gets something of an Historical Hero Upgrade, with the show significantly downplaying his overall incompetence and, in a more blatant example, makes the execution of Mehmed, his own brother, a result of Safiye's plotting. His actual reason was his upcoming campaign into Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, during which his absence would allow for a coup in favor of Mehmed, who was close to him in age and thus a bigger threat than his other brothers, who were only children.
    • We don't know when Halime died, but if there's one thing we can be sure of, it's that it definitely didn't happen the way it did in the series - poisoned by Kösem as part of her coup. In reality, after a rebellion arose against Mustafa, Halime was persuaded by state officials to give up the throne in the name of her son, in exchange for sparing his life. Mustafa and Halime both died forgotten in the Old Palace.
    • Mustafa's second deposition as a whole was very different. In the series, it's orchestrated solely by Kösem; in reality, while she might have been involved behind the scenes, we have no way of proving this, as the actual event was a response to so-called Abaza Rebellion (whose leader was the eponymous pasha Abaza Mehmed).
  • Artistic License – Medicine
    • When Ahmed starts displaying the symptoms of smallpox, it's treated as him being in grave danger. This isn't incorrect - smallpox used to be a very dangerous illness that has claimed many lives. But the writers trying to up the stakes somewhat overdo it when they have a doctor proclaim something in the vein of "I've never seen anyone survive smallpox." He must be a horrible doctor, since as bad as smallpox were, they definitely weren't 100% fatal. In fact, one of the things they were known for were the distinct scars they left on many survivors.
    • Halime apparently invented antipsychotics.
  • Asshole Victim: Prince Mehmed. His tragic death is somewhat mitigated by the fact that his character so far consisted mostly of him being a Jerkass towards his older brother and acting like a petulant child out of jealousy.
  • Calling the Old Man Out: When Safiye scolds Fahriye for her involvement in Şahin Giray's plot to kill both princes, Fahriye retorts that she has obeyed her mother for all her life and the only thing she got for that were several unhappy marriages with old pashas. Now, she finally stopped doing what Safiye says and did what her mother would actually do in her place - what benefits her the most.
  • A Child Shall Lead Them: Ahmed ascends the throne when he is thirteen, which stokes fears of a Succession Crisis.
    • At only eleven years of age, his son Murad is even younger when he is proclaimed Sultan. Osman II, crowned at fourteen, also counts.
  • Dogged Nice Guy: Iskender. It's pretty much a Foregone Conclusion, really, despite him helping her escape and saving her life several times.
  • Garden of Love:
    • Anastasia and Ahmed first meet when he finds her climbing the walls of a private garden terrace, attempting to escape; she loses her footing and falls on top of him. When he is close to death, he asks to be brought to place they met, where he dies in her arms.
    • Gevherhan and Silahtar affirm their love for one another in the imperial garden, the setting for many key moments in the development of their relationship.
  • Go Mad from the Isolation: Sultan Mustafa. Possibly. Maybe.
  • Gorgeous Greek: Anastasia / Kosem is of Greek origin and managed to win the Sultan's heart with her charm.
  • He Who Fights Monsters: Anastasia/Kosem in her youth was appaled by Safiye's extreme methods for the sake of "saving the dynasty and the empire". However, Kosem becomes as brutal as her, as she decides to execute her son Ibrahim.
  • Imperiled in Pregnancy:
    • Rasha/Mahfiruz twice - when she is captured by the celali, and when she gets poisoned by Halime in the early stages of her pregnancy.
    • Subverted by Kösem, since Handan didn't know she was pregnant when she tried to kill her.
  • Kick the Dog:
    • Safiye really didn't have to go through with the murder of Kösem's father, and it would've been in fact more advantageous for her to do keep her end of the bargain, but she didn't and that was the beginning of the end for her.
    • Halime betraying Kösem as soon as she helps her get Mustafa on the throne wasn't as unreasonable, but still pretty bad.
    • Dilruba's gloating about killing Kösem's sons, both when planning it and while almost getting away with it, is enough for you to Love to Hate her.
  • Love Makes You Evil: Fahriye is reluctantly roped by Şahin Giray into the plot to poison both of her young nephews (the younger of whom, Mustafa, can't be older than 10 years), when he tells her it's the only way to save his brother, whom Fahriye is in love with.
  • Love Triangle: Par for the course in turkish drama.
    • Ahmed-Kösem-Iskender. Kösem, unsurprisingly, chooses Ahmed. Iskender continues to feels unrequited love for her for years.
    • Derviş-Fahriye-Mehmed Giray. Well, sort of - Fahriye and Derviş are in an arranged marriage, but neither of them really likes each other despite Handan's suspicion that Fahriye would be able to turn Derviş to the side of her mother. Then Fahriye's crimes are revealed and her only salvation is taking refuge in the Aziz Hüdayi's shelter, where the formerly proud princess has to live amongst the poorest members of society. Her humiliation is so intense she even stops loving Mehmed and becomes extremely bitter. Mehmed also disavows both her and his brother, and decides to cooperate with the law. He lures her outside of the shelter by standing there and refusing to leave if she won't send him away; Fahriye, thinking he still loves her, is pissed and goes trough the shelter gates... Where she is immediate seized by the guards. Ahmed seems to have forgiven her and sends her to her husband; Fahriye talks to her husband about wanting a new start with him... And then she dies. Derviş poisoned her on sultan's orders.
    • Osman-Meleksima-Mehmed. Meleksima becomes Osman's concubine despite Osman's hesitation, since he knows Mehmed wants her too. They end up having a son and Mehmed doesn't even so much as mention her again.
    • Meleksima-Osman-Akile. Osman enters an Arranged Marriage with Akile, but he seems to take a liking to her, much to Meleksima's chagrin. It goes nowhere, with the storyline hitting an abrupt halt when Osman dies soon after the birth of his children with Akile.
    • Farya-Murad-Ayşe. Farya wins by a landslide, as Murad never shows much affection towards Ayşe, while Farya is, for better or worse, the love of his life. Ayşe ends up committing suicide.
  • Made a Slave: Anastasia. And most other girls probably, though at least Mahfiruz doesn't remember the life before, and neither does Yasemin.
  • Mama Bear: Most sultanas, actually.
    • Safiye protects Fahriye even after she learns her daughter tried to kill sultan and his little brother. And when Iskender's identity is revealed...
    • Handan urges her son to execute his own little brother because of her fear for his safety and even orders Mustafa's murder against Ahmed's wishes. She isn't even wrong - Safiye does indeed plot to overthrow Ahmed once she falls out of favor.
    • Halime's sole motivation is to protect her own son. Though she somewhat zig-zags this trope. She is clearly willing to sacrifice her daughter for Mustafa.
  • Minion with an F in Evil: Bülbül Aga. For someone who displays an Undying Loyalty towards Safiye, one of the most ruthless characters in the series, he is an awfully nice person, and clearly likes Kösem even after she and Safiye have a falling out.
  • My God, What Have I Done?: Ahmed's reaction when he realizes years of isolation might have damaged Mustafa's mind.
  • Property of Love: Anastasia says something to that effect when she changes her mind in the middle of the escape attempt from the palace. Considering she is returning to literal slavery, this is strangely apt.
  • Red Oni, Blue Oni: Handan and Halime. Handan, rash and emotional, is red, while Halime, calm and calculating, represents blue.
  • Royal "We": Safiye, having manners of a queen, uses this.
  • Sibling Rivalry: Mehmed and Osman. Well, at least that's what it was probably supposed to be - in truth, it consists mostly of Mehmed being jealous of Osman, up untill they are tricked by Safiye and Osman has Mehmed executed.
  • Smug Snake:
    • Şahin Giray
    • Mahfiruz, mother of Ahmed's first son.
    • Ayşe Sultan, Murad's previous lover, especially towards Farya.
  • Tampering with Food and Drink:
    • Halime poisons Mahfiruz while she is pregnant, since the birth of her son could mean Mustafa is going to be executed, as he is no longer needed as Ahmed's heir.
      • Ironically, this how Kösem kills Halime herself.
    • Handan tries to kill Zülfikar this way to keep secrets from getting out. Hümaşah saves him, though.
    • A pretty gross version of this occurs when Fahriye infects her two nephews with the dust made out of smallpox victims' scar tissue. Ew.
  • Undying Loyalty: Most characters that aren't a part of dynasty feel this way towards one of its members.
    • Bübül towards Safiye. He stays with her until the bitter end.
    • Eycan and later Cennet towards Kösem.
    • Zülfikar to Ahmed himself, however, after his death he no longer feels obliged to serve anyone and turns against his sons in favor of Iskender.
    • Menekşe apparently to Halime.
    • Derviş to Handan and Ahmed, which makes sense when it is revealed he has been in love with her for years. Deconstructed, since he also apparently committed regicide for them, which why Ahmed is forced to punish him for treason despite knowing better than anyone else how loyal Derviş is.
  • Unholy Matrimony: Both Davud and Dilruba are quite despicable, but it's undeniable they are one of the strongest couples in the series
  • Would Hurt a Child:
    • Fahriye
    • Halime and especially Dilruba, who seems downright triumphant as she sends Kösem's children to their deaths.

Alternative Title(s): Muhtesem Yuzyil Kosem

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