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  • Aggretsuko has a very large number of obscure animals. These animals include red panda, (Retsuko and Lester/Resasuke) fennec fox (Zelda/Fenneko), spotted hyena (Heinrich/Haida), maned wolf (Wolfgang/Ōkami), Komodo dragon (Scatherine/Tsubone), secretary bird (Eaglette/Washimi), caracal (Carrie/Kara), Pallas's cat, capybara, axolotl (Yokosawa), spotted seal (Lucille/Gomakawa), prairie dog/Japanese badger (Doug/Anai) and mandrill.
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  • Alice in Wonderland (JP) featured Ocean Sunfish, Duck-billed Platypus, Raccoon Dogs (non speaking) and Spiny Lobsters
  • Anomalocaris has gained a certain degree of popularity in Japan; often depicted as a huge monster with four grasping appendages, such as in Bubblegum Crisis and Kamen Rider Double, or highly stylized, like Anorith in Pokémon and Scorpiomon/Anomalocarimon in Digimon. Pluto from Heaven's Design Team is usually seen carrying a plush Anomalocaris.
  • Azumanga Daioh:
    • Chiyo's dog Tadakichi-san is a Great Pyrenees. They're not particularly rare in real life but rarely appear in fiction.
    • In one episode Sakaki ends up befriending an Iriomote cub she calls "Mayaa", a rare type of wild cat native to the Iriomote island of Japan.
  • Beastars features an okapi stripper called Cosmo. Also, while Legoshi looks like a run of the mill (if unusually tall) gray wolf, it's revealed that his grandfather is a Komodo dragon. Two minor characters are Harlequin rabbits, which most people have probably never heard of since rabbit breeds are less well known than dog and cat breeds.
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  • Cage of Eden is filled with extinct animals that you would not normally see in popular culture. In fact, the series doesn't even feature the iconic Mesozoic reptiles such as non-avian dinosaurs.
  • In CLANNAD, Sanae Furukawa mentions that her greatest fear is the Bengal monitor lizard. Her husband Akio talks Tomoya into dropping a toy one down her back. Hilarity Ensues.
  • Cowboy Bebop has Ein the data dog, specifically a Pembroke Welsh Corgi, which at the time was a relatively obscure breed, especially in Japan.
  • Cute High Earth Defense Club LOVE! has a wombat, which for audiences outside Australia is a rare sight. For those in Australia, the hedgehog would be a rare sight. In both cases, Goura's shoebill is rare. However, note that these animals are aliens who look like animals and function as Mentor Mascots to the Magical Boy teams, zigzagging the trope.
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  • Daikyouryu no Jidai featured Dunkleosteus, Eusthenopteron, Meganeura, Eryops, Placochelys, Tylosaurus, Ornitholestes, Clidastes, Corythosaurus, Edaphosaurus, Protoceratops, Scolosaurus, Henodus, Camptosaurus, Gorgosaurus, Acanthopholis, Deltatheridium, Pliohippus, Australopithecus, Homo habilis, Homo erectus, Moeritherium, and Tetralophodon.
  • Dinosaur Expedition Born Free featured Gorgosaurus, Polacanthus, Stegoceras (referred to as Troodon), Monoclonius, and Taniwhasaurus (referred to as the "Ezomikasa Dragon" and portrayed as a theropod dinosaurnote ).
  • Dinosaur King has numerous lesser-known dinosaurs such as Mapusaurus and Amargasaurus.
  • While most of the dinosaurs in Dinosaur War Izenborg are commonly-seen genera, there was also Gorgosaurus, Tarbosaurus, Ceratosaurus, and Monoclonius.
  • Most of the Dino Knights in Dinozaurs are based on commonly-seen genera, but two of the three Dino Weapons take the form of Archelon and Kentrosaurus with the third being the relatively well-known Pachycephalosaurus. Also, the Cerazaur Brothers consist of a Centrosaurus and a Torosaurus (Chasmosaurus in original Japanese dub) along with the stock Styracosaurus.
  • Doraemon:
    • "Nobita's Dinosaur 2006" prominently featured a Futabasaurus named Piisuke. Alamosaurus, Maiasaura, Baptornis, and Alphadon appear as well.
    • "Nobita and the Island of Miracles—Animal Adventure" has rhinoceros beetles, Ceratogaulus, Chalicotherium, Elasmotherium, Gastornis, Glyptodon, moas, and Paraceratherium.
    • "New Nobita's Great Demon-Peko and the Exploration Party of Five" featured aardvarks as steeds for the humanoid dogs, a Congo peacock in the opening, red-crested turacos, a bushbaby, okapis, black-and-white colobus monkeys, a crowned crane, pangolins, bongo antelopes, African clawless otters, and great blue turacos. The rhinoceros that chases Gian in one scene looks more like a white rhino, as opposed to the more commonly used black rhino. The aforementioned humanoid dogs are of several different breeds, some of which may be obscure.
    • "Nobita and the Birth of Japan 2016" has steppe bison, crested ibises, Japanese giant salamander, Palaeoloxodon naumanni, and Machairodus.
    • "Nobita's New Dinosaurs" features Chungkingosaurus, Deinosuchus, Olorotitan, Oviraptor, Prenocephale, Protoceratops, Shantungosaurus, Shuvuuia, Sinoceratops, Sinornithomimus, Tapejara, Tarbosaurus, Tarchia, Therizinosaurus, Titanosaurus (a dubious genus of titanosaur), and Yangchuanosaurus.
  • In Ginga Densetsu Weed, in the episode where GB accidentally infiltrates Hougen's pack, a white stoat is shown in the jaws of one of the Mooks.
  • Happy Happy Clover has Hiyo and Dori the brown-eared bulbuls.
  • Since it's about designing all the animals on Earth, several rather obscure species show up in Heaven's Design Team:
    • Pluto is typically seen carrying a plushie of an Anomalocaris, an extinct species of giant arthropod with shrimp-like appendages.
    • In the very first chapter, Mercury's proposal for "an animal that can eat leaves high off the ground" is a "ping pong tree." It gets rejected in favor of the animal that later becomes the giraffe, but it's later accepted with several adjustments, becoming the ping pong tree sponge.
    • At the end of Chapter 3, Venus makes a brightly-colored bird inspired by Pluto's poison dart frog. Pluto tempts Venus to the idea of making it poisonous in order to make it stronger than a snake, producing the Pitohui, one of the only toxic birds in the world.
    • Venus' ultimate solution to the problem of snakes eating birds' eggs is the secretary bird, which eats snakes and is known for using its powerful legs to kick its prey to death.
    • In Chapter 4 Mars reveals that Neptune's armadillo was inspired by the Glyptodont, a now-extinct mammal that was indeed the real-life ancestor of modern day armadillos.
    • In order to make a "combo animal" for Kenta, Mercury ends up coming up with the giant siphonophore, a massive colonial hydrozoan in the same phylum as the jellyfish.
    • Later, God accidentally approves a doodle made by Kenta, resulting in a terrifying giant serpentine animal. The designers eventually get God to shrink it from 30 meters to three centimeters, producing a Hallucigenia.
    • There's a whole segment dedicated to the naked mole rat, specifically exploring their social structure and how long-lived they are.
  • The Jungle Book has Kichi the red panda, Tabaqui the striped hyena (in contrast to his original book species where he is a jackal), and Chil the Brahminy kite. The anime also features several Indian fauna such as sambar deer, langurs, mugger crocodiles, and dholes. Episode 10 showed Asiatic lions and a giant Komodo dragon.
  • Jewelpet has Coal the capybara, a major character in the fourth season.
  • The Toei Animation short Jurassic! features Hyneria, Deinocheirus, Anomalocaris, and Diplocaulus.
  • Kemono Friends: One of the main characters is a serval. The single-episode animals featured are all over the place in terms of obscurity, ranging from very well-known (otter, lion), to nigh unheard-of (margay, campo flicker), and everywhere in-between.
  • Killing Bites has Brutes Civet and Pangolin, two unusual species used as bases for the animal-human hybrids.
  • Kimba the White Lion features many types of obscure African wildlife such as okapis, kudu, and dik-diks.
  • K-On! has Ton the pig-nosed turtle.
  • The anime movie adaptation of The Magic Tree House featured Alamosaurus, Brodavis, Borealosuchus, and Alphadon.
  • Hanako from Massugu ni Ikou is a Kishu, a Japanese breed of dog. When her boyfriend Mametarou learns this it only makes him feel worse about being a mix breed. Most of the other dogs are more frequently seen breeds like Shih Tzu's and Yorkie's.
  • Monster Musume has a bunch of Monster Girls based on rarely seen species, such as Yatsume, the lamprey eel mermaid.
  • One of Hakase's image songs in Nichijou has her namedrop uncommon breeds of sharks (Sawshark, Megamouth, Port Jackson) and dogs (Tosa, Belgian Shepard, Groenendael).
  • Fishmen and merpeople in One Piece are always based on and referred to by a species/type of fish or similar sea animal (i.e. a ray fishman). Some of them are quite rare in fictional works, like kissing gouramis, Japanese cat sharks, saw sharks, blue-ringed octopi and pike congers. At one point, the main characters also encounter a Kaiju-sized blobfish just swimming about in the ocean.
  • In Pikaia, this applies to basically all the extinct animals included, such as the titular pikaia and the anomalocaris. Even applies to some modern creatures like shipworms.
  • Pingu in the City: Besides the penguins based on emperor penguins from the parent series, there's also ones based on rockhopper penguins, adelie penguins, and gentoo penguins.
  • Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea has rays, oarfish, coelacanths, bioluminescent squid, hagfish, flapjack octopi, anglers, sea slugs, Opabinia, Dipnorhynchus, Bothriolepis, Gogonasus, etc.
  • Seton Academy: Join the Pack! features all sorts of animals, both extant and extinct that aren't commonly seen in Manga, such Alamosaurus, aye-aye, naked mole rat, wallaroo, tarsier, Diprotodon, quagga, wooly spider monkey, Andrewsarchus, Baiji, Barbary lion, Steller's sea cow and more.
  • Shirokuma Cafe:
    • One of the recurring characters is a tamandua, a type of anteater.
    • A tapir and a sea cow appeared in episode 3.
    • The editor of a local food magazine is a shoebill.
    • Episode 19 introduces King Penguin, the 3 members of genus Pygoscelis (Adelie, Chinstrap, and Gentoo), and Tree Kangaroo.
    • Lesser Panda from Episode 20 and then on.
    • Mr. Crested Serpent Eagle from episode 29.
    • The alligator who called Panda delicious is a black caiman.
    • Prairie dogs and ring-tailed lemurs work in the cafe gardens.
    • The Yama Arashi consists of different types of porcupines, and capybaras assist with the music.
    • The local animal doctor from Episode 46 is a tarsier.
  • In The Sigh of Haruhi Suzumiya, the eponymous character transforms some pigeons into extinct passenger pigeons.
  • Four of the five main characters of Tokyo Mew Mew are actually infused with the DNA of an Iriomote cat, an Ultramarine Lorikeet, a Finless Porpoise, and a Golden Lion Tamarin respectively. The idea is that, as these are all endangered species, their desire to continue living is what gives the girls their powers. The fifth is the somewhat more common wolf.note  Also, a character introduced for the video game gets her powers from the DNA of a Humboldt Penguin.
  • You Are Umasou:
    • The film has a Chilantaisaurus, Avisaurus, Ornithocheirus, and titanosaurs. The film also prominently features Maiasaura, which is while a stock dinosaur hardly depicted in the media. Tylosaurus and Giganotosaurus make brief appearances as well, and Troodon are featured in the opening attacking the Maiasaura nesting grounds.
    • The second film distributed by Korea has a Pawpawsaurus named Kirari, as well as Kronosaurus and Tapejara.

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