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Referenced By / 2001: A Space Odyssey

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  • A late-1990s Cartoon Network bumper (that often played before movie presentations) featured a bunch of monkeys (including Magilla Gorilla, Grape Ape and I. R. Baboon) gathering around the Cartoon Network logo while "Also sprach Zarathustra" plays.
  • The Volume 2, No. 1 Issue of "Computer Gaming World" magazine, published January 1982, features a cover depicting ape-men gathered around a giant, glowing black floppy disk game cartridge set in a rocky landscape. The floppy disk is positioned to resemble the Monolith.

Anime & Manga

  • Bleach has Aizen, who in the English dub speaks with a creepy, soft monotone completely devoid of emotion. Kyle Hebert cites the voice of HAL as an inspiration.
  • Cowboy Bebop has very strong references to the film in two episodes:
    • "Jamming with Edward" features a very HAL-like AI in both mannerisms and design. Luckily, this AI is not as sinister in intentions as HAL.
    • "Toys in the Attic" ends with Spike throwing the contaminated fridge into space. The crew then float around in the Bebop unconscious as "Waltz of the Flowers" plays and the ship flies on autopilot, a clear reference to the opening "Blue Danube Waltz" sequence in Odyssey.
  • An odd parodic example in the recap episode of Samurai Champloo during a scene with Mugen verbally abusing a Monk. The use of music and the camera panning from behind the Monk's head invokes the famous opening sequence of the Sun rising above the Earth.
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  • The Mystery of Mamo has a shot near the end of the film (when Mamo's brain floats into the Sun) that homages the opening planet sequence of Odyssey.

Fan Works

  • Plan 7 of 9 from Outer Space. Proton reads a newspaper headline: Astronaut Dave Bowman Turned into Giant Star Baby. Huge Diaper Urgently Required. The Great Calculator also sings "Daisy...Daisy..." after being damaged until Proton tells it to knock off the karaoke.
  • In the Star Trek: Voyager Parody Fic ALIEN!!!, the Emergency Homophobic Hologram refuses to unlock the hatch to the escape pod, causing Kaneway to say, "Open the pod bay door, Hol!" The EHH of course replies that his mission is too important to allow them to jeopardize it.
  • In the Star Trek: Enterprise Parody Fic "Farce Contact", someone reaches out to touch the Monolith only to have it topple over onto Captain Archer's foot.

Film - Animation

  • The Mitchells vs. The Machines: PAL is partly based on HAL, as both are AIs gone rogue.
  • The Peanuts Movie: The film's teaser trailer starts out like this film, in which "Also sprach Zarathustra" plays while the sun rises over what appears to be a planet, but is really Charlie Brown's bald head.
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  • Robots: A delirious Bigweld sings a slowed-down rendition of "Daisy Bell" while Rodney tries to repair him.
  • WALL•E:
    • AUTO, the autopilot of the Axiom, is clearly based on HAL with it's glowing red eye and Creepy Monotone voice. Also, like HAL, AUTO turns antagonistic due to having received conflicting orders.
    • Also sprach Zarathustra is played in the film's climax, when Captain McCrea stands up.

Film - Live-Action

  • A Clockwork Orange: The soundtrack album for the film is displayed at the record store. Appropriately, this film is also directed by Stanley Kubrick.
  • The 2005 Charlie and the Chocolate Factory adaptation uses the famous scene of the apes surrounding the Monolith and the "Also sprach Zarathustra" theme for the sequence in the TV teleportation room. Wonka amusingly replaces the Monolith for a chocolate bar in order to show his visitors how a TV can be used as a teleporter for Wonka chocolate.
  • Parodied in Zoolander when Derek and Hansel struggle to work a computer. They begin acting like apes, slapping the computer and howling as the "Also sprach Zarathustra" theme kicks in. The scene ends with Hansel nearly smashing the computer with a bone.
  • Save the Green Planet! has a sequence that closely follows the first scene, showing early humans being created next to an obelisk from space, and apelike humans howling and smashing bones.
  • History of the World Part I opens with a parody of the "Dawn of Man" sequence.
  • Woody Allen cast actor Douglas Rain (HAL) in an Uncredited Role as the voice of the controlling computer in the closing sequences of Sleeper.
  • Airplane II: The Sequel features a computer called ROK 9000 in control of a Moon shuttle which malfunctions and kills crew members, which several reviewers found reminiscent of HAL.
  • Ridley Scott cited the film as an influence on Alien, mostly in its depiction of life in space.
  • One of the EVA pods can be seen in Watto's junkyard in Star Wars: The Phantom Menace. The reference book Star Wars: Complete Locations has some fun by identifying it as "a repair and maintenance pod of unknown origin."


Live-Action TV

  • The Expanse: Writer Mark Fergus explained at San Diego Comic-Con 2016 that Paj's severed arm spinning end over end in "Dulcinea" was intended to be a reference to the bone that does the same in 2001: A Space Odyssey, but admitted it was so abstract that almost nobody got it.
  • Married... with Children:
    • In "The Computer Show", Al's talking computer says "What are you doing, Al?" as he is about to smash it.
    • In "Children of the Corns", Peg and Kelly are amazed by a microwave oven and surround it as if it were the Monolith.
  • On an episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus, Terry Gilliam, a big fan of Kubrick in general (and of 2001 in particular), provided an animated link between two sketches that was a parody of the opening credit sequence.
  • Mystery Science Theater 3000 had the design of the Satellite of Love, based on the bone-shaped satellite featured in the match cut from prehistoria to the future. The one-eyed design of the robot Gypsy led the show to do various scenes comparing it to HAL, including a scene from the 1996 feature film, where the opening featuring Mike Nelson jogging along the walls of the Satellite of Love parodies the scene where Frank Poole does the same in the Discovery.
  • Probe's "Computer Logic, Part 2": The episode ends with Austin James demolishing the A.I. with a fire axe while shouting, "Sing 'Daisy'!"
  • Reba had Brock locked inside a car by the car's navigation system (because Brock warned it to stay away from Barbra Jean, whom the system was falling for) named "Al". After Brock demands Al to open the door...
    Al: I'm afraid I can't do that, Dave.
  • Red Dwarf:
    • The first two series' title music is very reminiscent of Also sprach Zarathustra, and the sequence is in line with scenes that use said music. The name Holly is a Shout-Out to 2001's HAL, too, as is the fact that Holly, or "Hol" as Lister sometimes calls him, refers to David Lister as "Dave." (In the radio sketch series Dave Hollins, Space Cadet on which the series is based, the computer was known as 'Hab'.) As is, eventually in Series VII, Holly says: I'm sorry, Dave. I'm afraid I can't do that.
    • Holly singing as he gets erased in "Queeg" was inspired by HAL's death.
  • The Bill Nye the Science Guy episode on the planets included an obligatory parody:
    Bill: Open the pod bay doors, HAL.
    HAL: I'm sorry, Bill. I'm afraid I can't do that.
    Bill: HAL. I need you to open the pod bay doors, HAL.
    HAL: I'm afraid I can't do that, Bill. This show on the planets is too important for me to allow you to jeopardize it.
    Bill: HAL.
    HAL: Goodbye, Bill.
  • Koenig's journey to the Moon in the first episode of Space: 1999 is clearly inspired by the one undertaken by Floyd (and, according to the timescale of the film, takes place in the same year!). The irony is that the epidemic on Clavius base is a cover story while there really is one on Alpha (sort of). Furthermore, the whole look and ambience of the TV show - the spacecraft (compare the Eagle to the Moon Bus or the Discovery to the Alien Battleship seen in several episodes of '1999'), the interior sets, the spacesuits, the use of classical music, even the layout of the Moonbase itself - is heavily influenced by the movie.


  • David Bowie's first single to chart, "Space Oddity" in 1969, was inspired by the film.
  • The music video of Lenny Kravitz song "Believe" is an homage to 2001 (old furniture in white rooms, space suits...).
  • In the music video for "I Love It" by Kanye West and Lil Pump, the pair are seen walking down a hallway reminiscent of the one seen in the film.
  • In the Gorillaz music video "Strange Timez" Murdoc finds the Monolith on the moon, gets absorbed by it, and lands back on Earth in front of Kong Studios.

Video Games

  • The Darkside Detective: BETI the AI has the same red camera eye as HAL, and her name is derived from his by way of the Paul Simon song "You Can Call Me Al".
  • Hideo Kojima has also cited this as his favorite movie of all time and is frequently referenced in Metal Gear; Otacon is named after HAL and Solid Snake's real name is Dave.
  • The villain of JumpStart Adventures 6th Grade: Mission Earthquest is a mad computer who takes over a space mission and talks in a soothing male voice. Sound familiar?
  • Observation is a Whole Plot Reference to 2001, including a remote space station, a bunch of dead crew, and an artificial intelligence being influenced by a mysterious alien thing. But with the fun twist that you play as the AI, and you help the surviving crewmembers investigate what has happened on the space station.
  • Progressbar 95: The achievement for deleting System32 is called "Hello Dave". The directory itself is depicted as a large red eye similar to HAL.
  • Spandex Force: The Freeze Ray is called PAL-9000 by the game, with a red eye that resembles HAL.

Web Comics

  • Homestuck: Dirk's auto-responder, a fully sentient AI that only fails the Turing test because he wants to, often references this film.
    GT: (...) his aggravating liaison who is so far up his own ass with this hal 9000 schtick its ridonkulous. [sic]
    • He actually renamed himself to Lil Hal, as shown in a conversation with Jake.
      TT: I have decided on a new name, to distinguish myself from my human counterpart.
      GT: Really.
      GT: What is it?
      TT: Lil Hal.
      GT: Huh?
      GT: Why that name...
      TT: Just a reference to the protagonist of an ancient movie. You probably wouldn't like it.
      TT: No, to pull that off, I would have to be far more advanced than my cinematic predecessor.
      TT: My abilities would have to go well beyond those of Mr. Hal 9000.
      TT: They would have to be, you could say...
      TT: Over 9000.
    • Dirk's glasses, in which Hal (Lil) resides, are shown to have red artificial eyes very much like Hal (9000)'s singular one.
    • Later on, as Dirk attempts to destroy Lil Hal:
      TT: I can't let you do that, Dirk.

Web Original

  • JonTron chooses to go into the Star Gate rather than continue playing Cho Aniki in his Japanese Shoot-em Up episode.
  • The ending to The Nostalgia Critic's review of The Garbage Pail Kids Movie is a straight up parody of the film's ending, only instead of becoming a starchild, he becomes a turd.
    My god. It's all full of shit.
  • The end of PONIES The Anthology II is basically a shot-for-shot remake of some of the Signature Scenes of 2001, namely, Pinkie Pie as Moon-Watcher discovering tools, the space flight sequence (with Derpy Hooves making a cameo), Twilight as Dave Bowman shutting down HAL, and the entirety of Jupiter and Beyond the Infinite. Twilight is a way cuter Star Child. It was later released as a stand alone video, if one has ten minutes to spare.

Western Animation

  • Animaniacs: Episode 81 features two bumpers based on the film, followed by the short "Our Final Space Cartoon, We Promise", in which the Warners disable the AL-5000 computer (who turns out to be Al Gore).
  • Dexter's Laboratory:
    • In "Dexter's Rival", Dexter's Computer asks "What are you doing, Dexter?" as he prepares to shut down his lab so he wouldn't compete with Mandark.
    • One of Dexter's creations, Ultrabot 2000, was based off HAL 9000.
  • Eek! The Cat: The episode "Eek Space 9" features several references to the film, including Sharky appearing as a Star-Child and a spoof of the "Open the pod bay doors" scene.
  • Futurama:
    • In "Put Your Head on My Shoulder", a Monolith is seen in orbit around Jupiter with an "OUT OF ORDER" sign on it.
    • In "A Bicyclops Built for Two", "Also sprach Zarathustra" plays when Fry signs onto the Internet, while he exclaims "My God, it's full of ads!"
    • In "Insane in the Mainframe", the insane asylum that Fry and Bender are sent to is called the HAL Institute for Criminally Insane Robots. Bender gets sent there again in "Bender's Game".
    • In "The Sting", Leela goes into space to find Fry's coffin and experiences the Stargate when she opens it.
    • In "Near-Death Wish", the crew goes to the Near-Death star to visit the Professor's parents. and "Also sprach Zarathustra" plays when Fry presses the doorbell (a "ding-dong" replaces the last two notes). When they enter, Bender says "My God, it's full of geezers!".
    • In "Love and Rocket", the Planet Express Ship's AI is represented by a HAL light, Bender sings "Daisy" during a montage, the ship says "I'm afraid I cannot do that Leela" when she's gone nuts, the crew discuss how to stop here in the shower where the ship cannot hear them, and her Brain Room looks like HAL's.
  • The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy: Near the end of "My Fair Mandy", the Stargate scene is parodied when reality falls apart due to Mandy smiling.
  • In Milo Murphy's Law: The iconic musical cue plays when Lardee Boy's head floats in space.
  • Phineas and Ferb:
    • Phineas' verbal fanfare when showing off his highly unconventional vehicle: "Also sprach Zarathustra!" It's also a fairly popular piece of stock music for the show.
    • In "Moon Farm", Isabella watches the moon cow ice cream race by in a colorful display evoking the astronaut's psychedelic descent.
    • The film's Mind Screw closing moments are parodied in The Tag for "Mommy Can You Hear Me?", with Ferb as the star-child.
    • Doofenshmirtz notices a group of crabs apparently worshipping his "De-Evolution-Inator". He even lampshades that there's something "Kubrick-y" about this.
  • The Simpsons:
    • "Lisa's Pony" opens with a parody of the "Dawn of Man" sequence in which, while the other man-apes gain ingenuity from the Monolith, a Homer-like ape just rests against it.
    • "Brother, Can You Spare Two Dimes?", Homer experiences the Stargate while sitting on a vibrating recliner set to full power.
    • "Deep Space Homer" features several references to the film, including a scene of Homer eating potato chips to the "Blue Danube Waltz", and the final scene of Bart tossing a marker into the air that becomes a scene of the FOX satellite floating through space (and hitting a Homer-like Star-Child in the head).
    • In "Treehouse of Horror XII", the Ultrahouse 3000 computer from House of Whacks is based on HAL.
  • South Park:
    • In "The Tooth Fairy's Tats 2000", Kyle briefly appears as a Star-Child during the scene where he becomes an omnipotent entity.
    • In "Trapper Keeper", the scene inside the giant Trapper Keeper is based on HAL.
    • In "Bebe's Boobs Destroy Society", the boys regress into primitive mindsets thanks to Bebe's breasts, and Stan discovers a bone to beat the others with and become the alpha-male.
    • In "You Have 0 Friends", Stan tries to get off of Facebook, but his computer says "I'm afraid I can't let you do that Stan Marsh."
  • The Spaghetti Family: In "Close Encounters", Franco goes to a concept hall with his parents. As soon as the musical performance starts, a scene depicting space and an artificial satellite, accompanied by a rendition of The Blue Danube, appears. It's followed an image of a baby on a foetus.
  • Tiny Toon Adventures:
    • In "Animaniacs!", Buster and Plucky flash back to the dawn of man and see a bunch of apes beating bones around the Monolith.
    • The short "C.L.I.D.E. and Prejudice" (from the episode "Elephant Issues") features the robot C.L.I.D.E., who talks like a mix between HAL and a game show host.

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