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01: Borneo (Summer 2000)

  • Location: Pulau Tiga, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Number of castaways: 16
  • Starting tribes: Pagong and Tagi, named after local beaches
    • Merged tribe: Rattana, named after rattan, a species of palm abundant in Borneo
  • Winner: Richard Hatch of Middletown, Rhode Island
  • Originally simply called "Survivor". First season of the US series. It is also the only season where the winner was announced on-site. Among the season's memorable personalities, Richard Hatch had the most lasting impact, setting the tone of the game forever by getting the Tagi tribe to organize their votes against the Pagongs.

02: The Australian Outback (Winter 2001)

  • Location: Goshen Station, Queensland, Australia
  • Number of castaways: 16
  • Starting tribes: Kucha and Ogakor, Aboriginal words for "kangaroo" and "alligator" respectively
    • Merged tribe: Barramundi, an endemic species of fish
  • Winner: Tina Wesson of Knoxville, Tennessee
  • Lasting 42 days (the only season to do so), this season is infamous for the first forced evacuee: Michael Skupin, who burnt his hands on a bonfire. It's also well-known for Colby Donaldson's individual immunity challenge streak and the Foe Yay between him and Jerri Manthey. First season to use previous votes as the method of breaking ties.

03: Africa (Fall 2001)

  • Location: Shaba National Reserve, Eastern Province, Kenya
  • Number of castaways: 16
  • Starting tribes: Boran and Samburu, named after actual tribes living in the area
    • Merged tribe: Moto Maji, Swahili for "fire and water"
  • Winner: Ethan Zohn of Lexington, Massachusetts
  • Tribe colors are interestingly patterned after the Ethiopian variant of the Pan-African colors). First season to feature a tribe swap.

04: Marquesas (Spring 2002)

  • Location: Nuku Hiva, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia
  • Number of castaways: 16
  • Starting tribes: Rotu and Maraamu, Marquesan words for "wind" and "rain", respectively
    • Merged tribe: Soliantu, a word made up by two castaways to mean "sacred allegiance to the sun"
  • Winner: Vecepia Towery of Portland, Oregon
  • This season first saw a transferable Immunity Necklace, but also an infamous tiebreaker that evicted anyone who picked a purple rock — in this case, Paschal English. The original season of Rob Mariano, aka "Boston Rob".

05: Thailand (Fall 2002)

  • Location: Ko Tarutao, Satun Province, Thailand
  • Number of castaways: 16
  • Starting tribes: Chuay Gahn and Sook Jai, Thai words for "helping one another" and "happy heart", respectively
    • Merged tribe: Chuay Jai, a portmanteau of the starting tribes
  • Winner: Brian Heidik of Quartz Hill, California
  • The season was the first to offer castaways a chance to switch tribes at will, and featured an auction and a merger fake-out through cohabitation. However, the host, Jeff Probst, also called it his least-liked season, having to deal with lots of jerkasses throughout its run.

06: The Amazon (Winter 2003)

  • Location: Rio Negro, Amazonas, Brazil
  • Number of castaways: 16, initially split by gender
  • Starting tribes: Tambaqui (men) and Jaburu (women), named after local wildlife (a fish and a stork, respectively)
    • Merged tribe: Jacaré, a Portuguese word for "alligator"
  • Winner: Jenna Morasca of Bridgeville, Pennsylvania
  • The first season to specifically arrange the starting tribes by specific categories, which lasted until a tribe swap on Day 13.

07: Pearl Islands (Summer 2003)

  • Location: Pearl Islands, Panamá Province, Panama
  • Number of castaways: 16
  • Starting tribes: Drake and Morgan, named after British privateers Sir Francis Drake and Henry Morgan
    • Extra tribe: The Outcasts, which lasted for one episode and was composed of the first six eliminated players
    • Merged tribe: Balboa, after a snake one castaway found
  • Winner: Sandra Diaz-Twine of Fort Lewis, Washington
  • In tune to this season's theme of piracy (being set on a historic pirate den, and whose tribes' namesakes were branded by the Spanish as pirates), challenge winners can pillage the losing team's camp and, on one challenge, "kidnap" someone until the next challenge. The first six expelled players formed a third pre-merger tribe - the Outcasts - which defeated Drake and Morgan, forcing them both to expel one of their own while the Outcasts voted two back into the game. The jury also played in one challenge and won, depriving Balboa individual immunity. This was also the original season of two of the show's most memorable players: Rupert Boneham and Jon Dalton aka "Jonny Fairplay".

08: All-Stars (Winter 2004)

  • Location: Pearl Islands, Panamá Province, Panama
  • Number of castaways: 18
  • Starting tribes: Chapera, Mogo Mogo, and Saboga; named after isles in the area
    • Merged tribe: Chaboga Mogo, a portmanteau of the starting tribes
  • Winner: Amber Brkich (from Australia) of Beaver, Pennsylvania
  • The first Reunion Show. Being the first three-tribe season, the Immunity Idol was split into two. The season also reused last season's "kidnapping" system, and saw Saboga dissolve after losing one challenge, as well as another fake merge through tribe mix-up. The main storyline this season was the budding romance between Amber Brkich and "Boston" Rob Mariano (from Australia and Marquesas, respectively), culminating in them being the game's winner and runner-up, and becoming engaged in the finale.

09: Vanuatu - Islands of Fire (Fall 2004)

  • Location: Efate, Sheva Province, Vanuatu
  • Number of castaways: 18, initially split by gender
  • Starting tribes: Lopevi (men) and Yasur (women), named after volcanoes
    • Merged tribe: Alinta, a made-up word for "people of fire"
  • Winner: Chris Daugherty of South Vienna, Ohio
  • For the first time, an individual immunity challenge was held before the merge, resulting in both tribes voting one member out in that episode. Like The Amazon, this season also employed tribe swaps.

10: Palau (Winter 2005)

  • Location: Koror, Palau
  • Number of castaways: 20
  • Starting tribes: Ulong and Koror, named after a dive site and the national capital, respectively
    • Merged tribe: None; Ulong was wiped out so its sole remaining player was simply absorbed into Koror
  • Winner: Tom Westman of Sayville, New York
  • On day 2 alone, two were removed after they were not picked by the tribes. Last season's double tribal council system was also imposed. One challenge penalized the first to quit with being marooned on a lonely beach. It is also the only season so far where there was no tribe merger; thanks to the Epic Fail of Ulong, by the time a merge would have happened there was only one Ulong left so she was just moved into Koror, starting the series' individual elimination stage.

11: Guatemala - The Mayan Empire (Fall 2005)

  • Location: Yaxhá-Nakúm-Naranjo National Park, Petén, Guatemala
  • Number of castaways: 18
  • Starting tribes: Yaxhá and Nakúm; named for archaeological sites in the area, with the former being Mesoamerican for "blue-green water" and the latter being "house of the pot"
    • Merged tribe: Xhakúm, a portmanteau of the starting tribes
  • Winner: Danni Boatwright of Tonganoxie, Kansas
  • Two former contestants (both from the previous season) return for this season, and features a tribe swap and a double tribal council. This season also first saw the Hidden Immunity Idol, first played post-merger, which gives the person who finds it individual immunity.

12: Panama - Exile Island (Winter 2006)

  • Location: Pearl Islands, Panamá Province, Panama
  • Number of castaways: 16, initially split by age and gender
  • Starting tribes: Casaya (older women), La Mina (older men), Bayoneta (younger women) and Viveros (younger men); all named after isles in the area
    • Merged tribe: Gitanos, Spanish for "gypsies"
  • Winner: Aras Baskauskas of Santa Monica, California
  • Using Season 10's "Exile Island" system, winners of reward challenges may choose to expel one from the losing tribe to a lonely island, where he/she is clued in to a hidden Immunity Idol.

13: Cook Islands (Fall 2006)

  • Location: Aitutaki, Cook Islands
  • Number of castaways: 20, initially split by ethnicity (a Ratings Stunt that naturally caused some controversy)
  • Starting tribes: Aitutaki (Latinos), Manihiki (Africans), Puka Puka (Asians) and Rarotonga (Caucasians); all named after isles in the area
    • Merged tribe: Aitutonga, a portmanteau of starting tribes Aitutaki and Rarotonga (the other two tribes had been dissolved prior to the merge)
  • Winner: Yul Kwon of San Mateo, California
  • The season reuses the Exile Island system, and features a tribe shuffle which dissolved Manihiki and Puka Puka, after which castaways were occasionally offered a chance to switch tribes (accepted by two castaways for the first time in the series), as well as one double tribal council. First season with three castaways to face the final jury.

14: Fiji (Winter 2007)

  • Location: Macuata Province, Fiji
  • Number of castaways: 19 (the only odd-number starting lineup in the series, due to one player dropping out at the last minute)
  • Starting tribes: Moto and Ravu, Fijian for "spear" and "kill", respectively
    • Merged tribe: Bula Bula, Fijian for "hello hello"
  • Winner: Earl Cole of Santa Monica, California
  • The first challenge alone rewarded Moto with a camp filled with many luxury items, while all Ravu had was a pot and a machete — a disparity Probst himself would later admit to have been detrimental to Ravu's later outings. The season also reuses the tribe swap.

15: China (Fall 2007)

  • Location: Zhelin Reservoir, Jiangxi, China
  • Number of castaways: 16
  • Starting tribes: Fei Long and Zhan Hu, Mandarin for "flying dragon" and "fighting tiger"
    • Merged tribe: Hae Da Fung, Mandarin for "black fighting wind"
  • Winner: Todd Herzog of Salt Lake City, Utah
  • The series was the first US show ever to be filmed within China. Like Pearl Islands, the season had a specific theme, this time being the famous Chinese text The Art of War. Besides reusing the "kidnapping" system, the "kidnapped" member of a losing tribe would also be forced to give a message in a bottle to someone from the winning tribe cluing him/her in to the Hidden Immunity Idol.

16: Micronesia - Fans vs Favorites — (Winter 2008)

  • Location: Koror, Pulau
  • Number of castaways: 20, initially split between Ascended Fans and returning players
  • Starting tribes: Airai (Fans) and Malakal (Favorites), named after locations in the area
    • Merged tribe: Dabu, a made-up word
  • Winner: Parvati Shallow (from Cook Islands) of Vero Beach, Florida
  • The series featured individual Immunity Idols for each tribe which ensured one's immunity during his/her tribe's first tribal council. The Exile Island system is played again, except this time one from each tribe would compete for a Hidden Immunity Idol. The season is also notable for an even-numbered jury (eight) and the return of the two-person finalists. Jonathan Penner (returning from Cook Islands) had to be evacuated due to a knee injury that turned into an infection. Probst would call it his second-favorite season, after Borneo.

17: Gabon - Earth's Last Eden (Fall 2008)

  • Location: Wonga-Wongue Presidential Reserve, Estuaire Province, Gabon
  • Number of castaways: 18
  • Starting tribes: Fang and Kota, named after actual tribes living in the area
  • Winner: Robert "Bob" Crowley of Augusta, Maine
  • The first season to air on HD. The season retains last season's one-shot Immunity Idols, Exile Island (with the exile having to choose between luxury throughout his/her stay and immunity upon return), two tribe swaps, Hidden Immunity Idols for each tribe, and a double tribal council.

18: Tocantins - The Brazilian Highlands (Winter 2009)

19: Samoa (Fall 2009)

  • Location: Upolu, Samoa
  • Number of castaways: 20
  • Starting tribes: Foa Foa and Galu, Samoan words for "trumpet shell" and "ocean wave", respectively
  • Winner: Natalie White of Van Buren, Arkansas
  • After some reward challenges, a member of the winning tribe will go to the losing tribe's camp, where he/she will tip one of them to a Hidden Immunity Idol. Double tribal councils were also held. In one of the most harrowing scenes in the series, Russell Swan nearly died in the middle of a challenge from dehydration and had to be evacuated. The game was dominated, gameplay-wise and screentime-wise, by Russell Hantz.

20: Heroes vs Villains (Winter 2010)

  • Location: Upolu, Samoa
  • Number of castaways: 20, initially split by previous strategies
  • Starting tribes: Heroes and Villains
    • Merged tribe: Yin Yang
  • Winner: Sandra Diaz-Twine (Villain from Pearl Islands), becoming the first two-time winner of the series
  • Celebrating the series' 10th anniversary, the castaways are split, based on their previous strategies, between Heroes (players known for their integrity, courage and honor) and Villains (players known for their manipulation, deceptions and duplicity). Hidden Immunity Idols were also secreted onto each tribe's camps, and one challenge has both tribes vying for individual immunity, as both went to tribal council at the same time. Continuing from Samoa, most of the camera time continued to be focused on Russell Hantz.

21: Nicaragua (Fall 2010)

  • Location: San Juan del Sur, Rivas, Nicaragua
  • Number of castaways: 20, initially split by age
  • Starting tribes: Espada (40 and older) and La Flor (30 and younger), Spanish for "sword" and "flower", respectively
    • Merged tribe: Libertad, Spanish for "freedom"
  • Winner: Jud "Fabio" Birza of Saint Louis, Missouri
  • Besides Hidden Immunity Idols, teamwork-based challenges due to the age disparity, tribe swaps and double tribal councils, this season introduces the Medallion of Power, a one-shot item which gives winners advantages in challenges, then passed on to the opposing tribe.

22: Redemption Island (Winter 2011)

  • Location: San Juan del Sur, Rivas, Nicaragua
  • Number of castaways: 18
  • Starting tribes: Ometepe and Zapatera, named after islands in Lake Nicaragua
    • Merged tribe: Murlonio, named for a stuffed toy of one of the castaways
  • Winner: "Boston" Rob Mariano (from Marquesas, All-Stars, and Heroes vs. Villains) of Pensacola, Floridanote 
  • The series introduces the eponymous "Redemption Island", where a recently-evicted castaway is left to fend for himself/herself in a lonely island. When another castaway is voted out, both would compete in a "duel" where the loser leaves the game for good, while the winner would stay on until some point when he/she is called back. The season was played up as a rivalry between returning castaways "Boston" Rob Mariano (Marquesas, All-Stars, and Heroes vs. Villains) and Russell Hantz (Samoa and Heroes vs. Villains), but Russell's tribe ditched him at the earliest opportunity and Rob basically went unopposed for the rest of the season, taking the win without much of a fight.

23: South Pacific (Fall 2011)

  • Location: Upolu, Samoa
  • Number of castaways: 18
  • Starting tribes: Upolu and Savaii, named after islands
    • Merged tribe: Te Tuna, after a Samoan legend about the birth of the coconut tree
  • Winner: Sophie Clarke of Willsboro, New York
  • Like the previous season, Redemption Island was also in play, as well as two Hidden Immunity Idols.

24: One World (Winter 2012)

  • Location: Upolu, Samoa
  • Number of castaways: 18, initially split by gender
  • Starting tribes: Manono (men) and Salani (women), named after islands in the area
    • Merged tribe: Tikiano, Samoan for "year of the god"
  • Winner: Kim Spradlin of San Antonio, Texas
  • In an unusual twist, both tribes shared a single camp for the majority of the season. The season also saw a "do-it-yourself" competition without Jeff Probst officiating, as well as Hidden Immunity Idols and tribe swaps.

25: Philippines (Fall 2012)

26: Caramoan - Fans vs Favorites (Winter 2013)

  • Location: Caramoan, Camarines Sur, Philippines
  • Number of castaways: 20, initially split between Ascended Fans and returning players
  • Starting tribes: Bikal (Fans) and Gota (Favorites), named after a barangay (village) and a resort in the municipality itself, respectively
    • Merged tribe: Enil Edam, suggested by Malcom Freberg in honor of his mother, Madeline
  • Winner: John Cochran (from South Pacific) of Washington D.C.
  • Caramoan unfortunately hosted one of the series' more infamous moments, where Brandon Hantz (from South Pacific and nephew of Russell) had a tense emotional breakdown that just barely avoided turning violent.

27: Blood vs. Water (Fall 2013)

  • Location: Palaui Island, Santa Ana, Cagayan, Philippines
  • Number of castaways: 20, arranged in pairs of one returning castaway and one of their family members
  • Starting tribes: Galang (returnees) and Tadhana (their family), Filipino for "respect" and "destiny", respectively
    • Merged tribe: Kasama, Filipino for "together" or "as one"
  • Winner: Tyson Apostol (from Tocantins and Heroes vs. Villains) of Provo, Utah
  • In addition to the new family-pairs mechanic, Redemption Island also returns, with the new twist that a loved one can choose to take their partner's place on Redemption Island.

28: Cagayan (Spring 2014)

  • Location: Palaui Island, Santa Ana, Cagayan, Philippines
  • Number of castaways: 18, initially split by their principal attributes
  • Starting tribes: Aparri (Brawn), Luzon (Brains), and Solana (Beauty); named after a town at the mouth of the mighty Cagayan River, the largest island in the Philippines (on which both Manila, the capital, and Cagayan province are located), and a town at the southern end of Cagayan province, respectively
    • Merged tribe: Solarrion, a portmanteau of the starting tribes
  • Winner: Tony Vlachos of Jersey City, New Jersey
  • This season saw the introduction of a super-secret idol that could be played after votes were read.

29: San Juan del Sur - Blood vs. Water (Fall 2014)

  • Location: San Juan del Sur, Rivas, Nicaragua
  • Number of castaways: 18, arranged into pairs of family members
  • Starting tribes: Coyopa and Hunahpu, named after the Mayan god of thunder and one of the Hero Twins of Mayan mythology, respectively
    • Merged tribe: Huyopa, a portmanteau of the starting tribes
  • Winner: veteran The Amazing Race contestant Natalie Anderson of Edgewater, New Jersey after her identical twin sister Nadiya was voted out first
  • In place of Redemption Island used in the last Blood vs. Water season, San Juan Del Sur brought back the Exile Island twist after a five-year absence.

30: Worlds Apart (Spring 2015)

  • Location: San Juan del Sur, Rivas, Nicaragua
  • Number of castaways: 18, initially split by socioeconomic status
  • Starting tribes: Escameca (Blue Collar), Masaya (White Collar), and Nagarote ("No Collar"); named after cities in Nicaragua
    • Merged tribe: Merica, based on "America" and partially playing on the previous tribes' colors: the No Collars wore red, the White Collars (even though they wore yellow), and the Blue Collars
  • Winner: Mike Holloway of North Richland Hills, Texas

31: Cambodia - Second Chance (Fall 2015)

  • Location: Kaôh Rōng, Sihanoukville Province, Cambodia
  • Number of castaways: 20
  • Starting tribes: Ta Keo and Bayon, after temples of Angkor Wat
    • Extra tribe: Angkor, named after Angkor Wat itself and created in a tribe shuffle
    • Merged tribe: Orkun, Khmer for "thank you"
  • Winner: Jeremy Collins (from San Juan del Sur) of Foxboro, Massachusetts
  • For the first time, the cast was decided by a fan vote, with the results announced at the Worlds Apart finale and the selected castaways sent off to play that same night. Another new twist is that Hidden Immunity Idols are now hidden in places where there's a much higher chance of being caught, such as during challenges or even underneath the tribe shelter.

32: Kaôh Rōng (Spring 2016)

  • Location: Kaôh Rōng, Sihanoukville Province, Cambodia
  • Number of castaways: 18, initially split by their principal attributes
  • Starting tribes: Chan Loh (Brains), To Tang (Brawn), and Gondol (Beauty), all named after islands in the area
    • Merged tribe: Dara, Khmer for "star"
  • Winner: Michele Fitzgerald of Freehold, New Jersey
  • A second "Brains vs. Brawn vs. Beauty" season after Cagayan. For the first time, two Hidden Immunity Idols could be merged into a special "Super Idol" that could be used after the votes had been read, and it saw the first time a jury member was voted off the jury by a surviving contestant (a concept the producers had been considering for a few years prior). The season also set a record for contestants medically evacuated, with three having to be pulled from the game.

33: Millennials vs Gen X (Fall 2016)

  • Location: Mamanuca Islands, Fiji
  • Number of castaways: 20, initially split by age
  • Starting tribes: Vanua (Millennials) and Takali (Generation X), Fijian for "homeland" and "open ocean" respectively
  • Winner: Adam Klein of San Francisco, California
  • While Panama and Nicaragua also had age-based tribes, this is the first time that The Generation Gap became the theme of the season. This is the first season where production, including both tribes, were forced to evacuate for a night due to a cyclone/hurricane, which could have killed someone.

34: Game Changers - Mamanuca Islands (Spring 2017)

  • Location: Mamanuca Islands, Fiji
  • Number of castaways: 20
  • Starting tribes: Mana and Nuku, Fijian for "power" and "sand" respectively
    • Extra tribe: Tavua, a town in Ba Province on the largest island of Fiji and created in a tribe shuffle
    • Merged tribe: Maku Maku, a portmanteau of the starting tribes
  • Winner: Sarah Lacina (from Cagayan) of Cedar Rapids, Iowa
  • A reunion season of 20 returning castaways, all renowned specifically for strategic gameplay. For the first time, two tribes went together at a tribal council to vote someone off together. This season also set a record of the most immunities at a tribal council, with five people immune at a six person tribal, resulting in an elimination without any votes. Unfortunately, the season also hosted another infamous moment that was memorable for all the wrong reasons, as Jeff Varner (from Australian Outback and Cambodia) tried to paint Zeke Smith (from Millennials vs Gen X) as untrustworthy by publicly outing him as Transgender, earning an immediate What the Hell, Hero? reaction from the tribe and leading to Varner leaving the game while saying "My God, What Have I Done?"

35: Heroes v Healers v Hustlers (Fall 2017)

  • Location: Mamanuca Islands, Fiji
  • Number of castaways: 18, initially split by profession
  • Starting tribes: Levu (Heroes, composed of military and Emergency Services workers), Soko (Healers, people in various medical professions), and Yawa ("Hustlers", those in assorted other jobs requiring an intense work ethic); the names being Fijian for "big" or "great", "beam" and "to sail", and "distant" or "far" respectively
    • Merged tribe: Solewa, a portmanteau of the starting tribes
  • Winner: Ben Driebergen, of Boise, Idaho
  • The season was loaded with secrets — secret idols, secret advantages, etc. — though as Jeff pointed out in the finale, almost none of the castaways were able to keep those secrets. It also debuted a new system to choose the Final Three, where the final Immunity winner could choose one other player to go forward and the remaining two players would compete in a fire-making challenge to be the third finalist.

36: Ghost Island (Spring 2018)

  • Location: Mamanuca Islands, Fiji
  • Number of castaways: 20
  • Starting tribes: Malolo and Naviti, named after volcanic islands in Fiji.
    • Extra tribe: Yanuya, named after an island in Fiji and created in a tribe shuffle
    • Merged tribe: Lavita, a portmanteau of Navita and Malolo.
  • Winner: Wendell Holland of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Ghost Island is themed after the series' infamous Epic Fail moments, with many misused idols and other advantage items making a return and the new castaways are challenged to use them correctly this time. Ghost Island itself is the Exile Island system from previous seasons under a new name. It also had the first time that the final vote resulted in a tie (resolved by the third finalist casting the tiebreaker).

37: David vs Goliath (Fall 2018)

  • Location: Mamanuca Islands, Fiji
  • Number of castaways: 20, initially split by their histories
  • Starting tribes: ??? ("Davids", people who have had to overcome adversity), and ??? ("Goliaths", who had natural advantages growing up)

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