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  • 1956 — Lugano, Switzerland
    Date: May 24
    Venue: Teatro Kursaal (now Casinò Lugano)
    Presenter: Lohengrin Filipello
    Broadcaster: Radiotelevisione Svizzera di Lingua Italiana (RSLI)
    Participating Countries: 7 (2 entries each) — Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands and Switzerland
    Winner: Switzerland — "Refrain" by Lys Assia
    The inaugural season, featuring 7 countries submitting 2 entries each. In a case of Early Installment Weirdness, Lugano 1956 featured a closed-doors voting system, double voting of the jury, allowing (a) the juries to vote for their own country's entry and (b) one country's jury (Switzerland) voting on another country's (Luzembourg) behalf, and the results being released such that the other 13 entries were given 2nd place.
  • 1957 — Frankfurt, West Germany
    Date: March 3
    Venue: Großer Sendesaal des hessischen Rundfunks
    Presenter: Anaid Iplicjian
    Broadcaster: Arbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (ARD)
    Participating Countries: 10 — Austria, Denmark and United Kingdom debut
    Winner: Netherlands — "Net als toen" ("Just Like Then") by Corry Brokken
    Like last year, Frankfurt 1957 was still radio-oriented, though TV viewership has seen an increase. Because of the disparate length of songs — Italy had 5:09, while UK only had 1:52, a rule was later set up restricting songs to 3 minutes. Frankfurt 1957 also established the concept of phone-in juries and barring participating countries from voting for their own entries. Third-placers Denmark are notable for having their performers kiss for 11 seconds, a kiss that caused an outcry in some countries.
  • 1958 — Hilversum, Netherlands
    Date: March 12
    Venue: Algemene Vereniging Radio Omroep (AVRO) Studios
    Presenter: Hannie Lips
    Broadcaster: Nederlandse Televisie Stichting (NTS), now Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS)
    Participating Countries: 10 — Sweden debuts; United Kingdom withdraws
    Winner: France — "Dors, mon amour" ("Sleep, My Love") by André Claveau
    Hilversum 1958 introduced the convention of last year's winning country hosting the current edition. Italy's third-placing "Nel blu dipinto di blu" ("In the Blue Painted Blue") by Domenico Modugno became a global hit after the contest, peaking at #1 on Billboard and winning the two big Grammys (the only Eurovision song to do so) in 1959. This and the 1956 contest were the only ones to not have any songs in the English language.
  • 1959 — Cannes, France
    Date: March 11
    Venue: Palais des Festivals et des Congrès
    Presenter: Jacqueline Joubert
    Broadcaster: Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française (RTF)
    Participating Countries: 11 — Monaco debuts; United Kingdom returns; Luxembourg withdraws
    Winner: Netherlands — "Een beetje" ("A Little Bit") by Teddy Scholten
    A new rule was established this year ensuring that no professional publishers or composers can be in the national juries. Like 1957, the Netherlands' winning entry was written by Willy Van Hemert, making him the first person to win Eurovision twice. This is the only year where the second and third placed entries were reprised at the end of the show along with the winner.
  • 1960 — London, England, United Kingdom
    Date: March 29
    Venue: Royal Festival Hall
    Presenter: Katie Boyle
    Broadcaster: British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
    Participating Countries: 13 — Norway debuts; Luxembourg returns
    Winner: France — "Tom Pillibi" by Jacqueline Boyer
    In a break from convention, the Netherlands declined hosting rights this year, having already hosted the event two years prior, thus the honors went to the runner-up nation.
  • 1961 — Cannes, France
    Date: March 18
    Venue: Palais des Festivals et des Congrès
    Presenter: Jacqueline Joubert
    Broadcaster: Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française (RTF)
    Participating Countries: 16 — Finland, Spain and Yugoslavia debut
    Winner: Luxembourg — "Nous les amoureux" ("We the Lovers") by Jean-Claude Pascal
    Cannes 1961 was the first held on Saturday evening, another convention continued to this day. The city also became the first two-time host. Due to the show overrunning, the United Kingdom never aired the winning song's reprise.
  • 1962 — Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
    Date: March 18
    Venue: Villa Louvigny
    Presenter: Mireille Delannoy
    Broadcaster: Compagnie Luxembourgeoise de Télédiffusion (CLT) [now RTL Group]
    Participating Countries: 16 — no changes
    Winner: France — "Un premier amour" ("A First Love") by Isabelle Aubret
    This edition saw the first time countries ended up with nul points (i.e., Austria, Belgium, Netherlands and Spain). After France performed, there was a technical error rendering the screens dark. A shorter technical error occurred during the Dutch entry.
  • 1963 — London, England, United Kingdom
    Date: March 23
    Venue: BBC Broadcasting Centre
    Presenter: Katie Boyle
    Broadcaster: British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
    Participating Countries: 16 — no changes
    Winner: Denmark — "Dansevise" ("Dance Ballad") by Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann
    Like three years ago, the United Kingdom had to host after last year's winner (i.e., France) declined due to financial troubles (though this time, Britain volunteered). Host broadcaster BBC wanted to give this year's contest a distinct feel by having the audience and entrants located in different stages with a boom mike in between, leading to rumors that the entries were prerecorded. In contrast to winning Denmark, its Nordic neighbors all received nul points, as did the Netherlands (second in a row). There was also controversy over the points - Norway's votes weren't given in the proper procedure (i.e. Song X, <country>, Y points"). When they went back to Norway after the rest of the points, their points had changed and meant that Denmark, rather than Switzerlandnote , were the winners.
  • 1964 — Copenhagen, Denmark
    Date: March 21
    Venue: Tivolis Koncertsal
    Presenter: Lotte Wæver
    Broadcaster: Danmarks Radio (DR)
    Participating Countries: 16 — Portugal debuts; Sweden withdraws
    Winner: Italy — "Non ho l'età" ("I'm Not Old Enough") by Gigliola Cinquetti
    Sweden withdrew due to a singers' boycott, while Portugal's debut saw it off with nul points, as did Germany, Switzerland and Yugoslavia (their first time). The Netherlands sent the ESC's first entrant without a pure European ancestry (i.e., Indonesian-blooded Anneke Grönloh), while Spain's Los TNT was the first entry with at least three members. Italy won via Curb-Stomp Battle, being 30 points ahead of the next-best-placed song. Gigiola was 16 at the time of victory, the youngest Eurovision winner at the time.
  • 1965 — Naples, Italy
    Date: March 20
    Venue: RAI Production Centre of Naples
    Presenter: Renata Mauro
    Broadcaster: Radiotelevisione Italiana (RAI)
    Participating Countries: 18 — Ireland debuts; Sweden returns
    Winner: Luxembourg — "Poupée de cire, poupée de son" ("Wax Doll, Sawdust Doll") by France Gall
    Naples 1965 saw the debut of Ireland, which would dominate the series for many years, while Finland, Germany and Spain suffer nul points for the second time, and Belgium their first. The winning song was written by Serge Gainsbourg and was the first winner to not be a ballad. This was the first Eurovision to be broadcast to Eastern Europe.
  • 1966 — Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
    Date: March 5
    Venue: Villa Louvigny
    Presenter: Josiane Chen
    Broadcaster: Compagnie Luxembourgeoise de Télédiffusion (CLT)
    Participating Countries: 18 — no changes
    Winner: Austria — "Merci, Chérie" ("Thank You, Darling") by Udo Jürgens
    Luxembourg 1966 saw the establishment of a rule restricting entries to their home country's languages (after Sweden sung in English last year). This would also be Austria's first and only win until 2014. The Netherlands' Milly Scott was the first black person to compete in the contest, as well as the first to use a portable microphone.
  • 1967 — Vienna, Austria
    Date: April 8
    Venue: Hofburg Palace
    Presenter: Erica Vaal
    Broadcaster: Österreichischer Rundfunk (ORF)
    Participating Countries: 17 — Denmark withdraws
    Winner: United Kingdom — "Puppet on a String" by Sandie Shaw
    Like three years ago, the UK wins with a wide berth, this time 25 points ahead of Ireland. Luxembourg's entry "L'amour Est Bleu" ("Love Is Blue") would be later be given an instrumental cover by Paul Mauriat. Portugal's singer, Angolan-born Eduardo Nascimento, was the first black male entrant in Eurovision, and was supposedly chosen by then-prime minister António de Oliveira Salazar to prove that he wasn't racist.
  • 1968 — London, England, United Kingdom
    Date: April 6
    Venue: Royal Albert Hall
    Presenter: Katie Boyle
    Broadcaster: British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
    Participating Countries: 17 — no changes
    Winner: Spain — "La, la, la" by Massiel
    London 1968 was the first Eurovision to be broadcast in colour. The winning entry was originally to be sung by Joan Manuel Serrat in Catalan, but due to the Franco regime's crackdown on any perceived insurgent activity, he was replaced with the slightly more politically-correct Massiel. The song ended up winning over the UK's Cliff Richard by a margin of one point. A 2008 documentary suggested that the votes were rigged by the Spanish dictator to serve as good publicity for his country.
  • 1969 — Madrid, Spain
    Date: March 29
    Venue: Teatro Real
    Presenter: Laurita Valenzuela
    Broadcaster: Televisión Española (TVE)
    Participating Countries: 16 — Austria withdraws
    Winners: France — "Un jour, un enfant" ("A Day, a Child") by Frida Boccara; Netherlands — "De troubadour" ("The Troubadour") by Lenny Kuhr; Spain — "Vivo cantando" ("I Live Singing") by Salomé; and United Kingdom — "Boom Bang-a-Bang" by Lulu
    Salvador Dalí (he of the wacky moustache and melting clocks fame) helped with the stage design. This edition also saw great controversy, being the only time more than one country won the title, due to lack of rules regarding a tie.
  • 1970 — Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Date: March 21
    Venue: RAI Congrescentrum (now Amsterdam RAI Exhibition and Convention Centre)
    Presenter: Willy Dobbe
    Broadcaster: Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS)
    Participating Countries: 12 — Finland, Norway, Portugal and Sweden withdraw
    Winner: Ireland — "All Kinds of Everything" by Dana
    Amsterdam 1970 was hit by a four-nation boycott due to protests over last year's results, prompting the EBU to set up a one-round tiebreaker. This edition also saw the appearance of then-unknown Julio Iglesias for Spain. Meanwhile, Ireland won its very first (of seven) Eurovision trophies.
  • 1971 — Dublin, Ireland
    Date: April 3
    Venue: Gaiety Theatre
    Presenter: Bernadette Ní Ghallchóir
    Broadcaster: Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTE)
    Participating Countries: 18 — Malta debuts; Austria, Finland, Norway, Portugal and Sweden return
    Winner: Monaco — "Un banc, un arbre, une rue" ("A Bench, A Tree, A Street") by Séverine
    Dublin 1971 saw the voting system hit a big problem, as some judges score less than others.note  This is also Monaco's only win, while the EBU abolished a rule restricting entries to two performers. With The Troubles ongoing, the UK sent Clodagh Rodgers, a Northern Irish singer popular throughout the British Isles, to ease the Dublin audience (she finished fourth). This edition also saw the debut of BBC's Terry Wogan and his penchant for snide remarks.
  • 1972 — Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Date: March 25
    Venue: Usher Hall
    Presenter: Moira Shearer (world-renowned ballerina and actress)
    Broadcaster: British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
    Participating Countries: 18 — no changes
    Winner: Luxembourg — "Après toi" ("After You") by Vicky Leandros
    Monaco declined hosting rights due to lack of funds, thus marking the Eurovision's first British foray outside England. Songwriter Yves Dessca became the second to win the tournament twice, the first for two different countries (having also written Monaco's winning entry last year), and the first twice-in-a-row.
  • 1973 — Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
    Date: April 7
    Venue: Grand Théâtre de Luxembourg
    Presenter: Helga Guitton
    Broadcaster: Compagnie Luxembourgeoise de Télédiffusion (CLT)
    Participating Countries: 17 — Israel debuts; Austria and Malta withdraw
    Winner: Luxembourg — "Tu te reconnaîtras" ("You Will Recognise Yourself") by Anne-Marie David
    Luxembourg 1973 saw the first time entries can now be sung in any other language than their national tongue, an expansion beyond Europe proper with the debut of Israel, an increase in security following the tragic events of the 1972 Summer Olympics not a few months earlier in Munich (which also involved Israel), and Wogan's TV debut, which allows for more snarking watched by millions. Spain was accused of plagiarizing Yugoslavia's 1966 entry, but was not disqualified. Nevertheless, their entry, "Eres tu" ("It's You") by Mocedades, went on to become a huge hit despite placing second.
  • 1974 — Brighton, England, United Kingdom
    Date: April 6
    Venue: Brighton Dome
    Presenter: Katie Boyle
    Broadcaster: British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
    Participating Countries: 17 — Greece debuts; France withdraws
    Winner: Sweden — "Waterloo" by ABBA
    Luxembourg declines hosting back-to-back, so Britain once again steps up to the plate and elected the port city of Brighton to host the event. France withdrew from the final as a sign of mourning over the death of President Georges Pompidou during the week (and whose funeral coincided with the final), while their entrant Dani was seen in the audience at the part where she would have performed. Brighton 1974, however, would be forever associated with ABBA, who would use their Eurovision victory as a springboard for international stardom. Meanwhile, Italy's "Si" ("Yes") by 1964 winner Gigliola Cinquetti (which placed second) was thought as a tool to get people to vote "yes" in the then-upcoming national referendum on divorce, while Portugal's "E depois do adeus" ("And After the Goodbye") by Paulo de Carvalho was used as a signal for the Carnation Revolution.
  • 1975 — Stockholm, Sweden
    Date: March 22
    Venue: Stockholm International Fairs
    Presenter: Karin Falck
    Broadcaster: Sveriges Radio (SR)
    Participating Countries: 19 — Turkey debuts; France and Malta return; Greece withdraws
    Winner: Netherlands — "Ding-a-Dong" by Teach-In
    The first contest to utilize the current voting matrix of 1-8, 10, and 12-point scores. Greece withdrew in protest over the introduction of Turkey, which staged the invasion of Cyprus the previous year, while Portugal's "Madrugada" ("Dawn") by Duarte Mendes was an unabashed celebration of the aforementioned Carnation Revolution.
  • 1976 — The Hague, Netherlands
    Date: April 3
    Venue: Nederlands Congres Centrum (now World Forum)
    Presenter: Corry Brokken (1957 winner)
    Broadcaster: Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS)
    Participating Countries: 18 — Austria and Greece return; Malta, Sweden and Turkey withdraw
    Winner: United Kingdom — "Save Your Kisses for Me" by Brotherhood of Man
    Sweden, last year's host, withdrew due to the potential cost of hosting another edition, prompting the EBU to pass a stipulation demanding all participating broadcasters to contribute to the cost of staging the contests, while Turkey withdrew in response to Greece last year. "Save Your Kisses For Me" became another huge hit sparked by the ESC, while Greece's "Panagia Mou, Panagia Mou" ("O Virgin Mary, O Virgin Mary") by Mariza Koch drew controversy for being about the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. This was also the first contest presented by an alumni.
  • 1977 — London, England, United Kingdom
    Date: May 7
    Venue: Wembley Conference Centre
    Presenter: Angela Rippon (BBC newscaster)
    Broadcaster: British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
    Participating Countries: 18 — Sweden returns; Yugoslavia withdraws
    Winner: France — "L'oiseau et l'enfant" ("The Bird and the Child") by Marie Myriam
    London 1977 marks France's second victory on British soil and so far their very last Eurovision title. However, it was the runner-up, the UK's "Rock Bottom" by Lynsey De Paul and Mike Moran, that was the most commercially successful. Germany sent globally popular disco group Silver Convention, while Dream Express from Belgium caused some flak because the three female members were reported to be wearing transparent tops for the event (they didn't eventually). The contest was going to be held in April, but was pushed back due to a strike involving BBC cameramen and technicians.
  • 1978 — Paris, France
    Date: April 22
    Venue: Palais des congrès de Paris
    Presenters: Denise Fabre and Léon Zitrone
    Broadcaster: Télévision Française 1 (TF 1)
    Participating Countries: 20 — Denmark and Turkey return
    Winner: Israel — "A-Ba-Ni-Bi" ("I Love You") by Izhar Cohen and the Alphabeta
    Israel's win naturally never sat well with broadcasters from the Arab World, with Jordan prematurely ending its broadcast and passing up second-placed Belgium for winner the next day. Denmark returns after a long absence, while Greece's entry (competing together with Turkey for the first time) is a tribute to Charlie Chaplin, who died the previous year (the German national final also had a song called "Charlie Chaplin"). Norway suffers the series' first nul points under the 1975 voting system.
  • 1979 — Jerusalem, Israel
    Date: March 31
    Venue: International Convention Center
    Presenter: Daniel Pe'er and Yardena Arazi
    Broadcaster: Israel Broadcasting Authority (IBA)
    Participating Countries: 19 — Turkey withdraws
    Winner: Israel — "Hallelujah" by Gali Atari and Milk and Honey
    Unlike The Hague 1976, Turkey withdrew not due to its traditional feud with Greece, but due to pressure from Arab countries objecting to its participation alongside host Israel, which would eventually claim their second consecutive victory. Yugoslavia did not broadcast the show for this same reason. Fourth-placers Dschinghis Khan of West Germany later achieve success with the song "Moskau".
  • 1980 — The Hague, Netherlands
    Date: April 19
    Venue: Nederlands Congres Centrum (now World Forum)
    Presenters: Marlous Fluitsma (Stage) and Hans van Willigenburg (Green Room)
    Broadcaster: Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS)
    Participating Countries: 19 — Morocco debuts; Turkey returns; Israel and Monaco withdraw
    Winner: Ireland — "What's Another Year" by Johnny Logan
    Israel withdrew due to the final clashing with "Yom Hazikaron" ("Day of Remembrance"), a major Israeli holiday commemorating its fallen soldiers, while Monaco did so due to dissatisfaction with their performance last year (and would not return until the 2004 semifinals), Morocco joins for their only Eurovision to date, and Ireland won through Australian immigrant Johnny Logan.
  • 1981 — Dublin, Ireland
    Date: April 4
    Venue: Royal Dublin Society (RDS) Simmonscourt Pavilion
    Presenter: Doireann Ní Bhriain
    Broadcaster: Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)
    Participating Countries: 20 — Cyprus debuts; Israel and Yugoslavia return; Italy and Morocco withdraw
    Winner: United Kingdom — "Making Your Mind Up" by Bucks Fizz
    Best-known for Bucks Fizz' winning performance featuring its two male members ripping off the skirts of its two female members, only to reveal miniskirts underneath, Foreshadowing the stripping acts that would become a staple for years to come. Bucks Fizz themselves would use the performance as a launch for their successful post-Eurovision career. Norway would repeat the indignity of scoring nul points from three years ago, while Turkey's points disappeared from the scoreboard due to a glitch. The interval act was "Timedance" by Bill Whelan, said to be a precursor to Riverdance.
  • 1982 — Harrogate, England, United Kingdom
    Date: April 24
    Venue: Harrogate International Centre
    Presenter: Jan Leeming
    Broadcaster: British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
    Participating Countries: 18 — France and Greece withdraw
    Winner: West Germany — "Ein bißchen Frieden" ("A Little Peace") by Nicole
    West Germany's winning entry won by 1.61 times as many points as that of Israel, a Eurovision record that stood until 2009, while the entry's songwriters, Ralph Siegel and Bernd Meinunger, would become German Eurovision mainstays with 18 songs between them, and West Germany (later Germany as a whole, with the assimilation of communist East Germany in 1990) has since (except 1996) become a perennial finals contender. Finland's anti-nuclear entry failed to reverberate throughout Europe, and thus took over Norway's indignity of scoring nul points from last year. As a show of support for Argentina during The Falklands War against host UK, Spain sent a tango number and placed tenth.
  • 1983 — Munich, West Germany
    Date: April 23
    Venue: Rudi-Sedlmayer-Halle (now Audi Dome)
    Presenter: Marlene Charell
    Broadcaster: Arbeitsgemeinschaft Rundfunkanstalten Deutschland (ARD)
    Participating Countries: 20 — France, Greece and Italy return; Ireland withdraws
    Winner: Luxembourg — "Si la vie est cadeau" ("If Life is a Gift") by Corinne Hermès
    Munich 1983 was the first Eurovision broadcast in Australia, whose keen interest in the contest inspired the EBU to invite it as a semifinals interval act for 2014 and an entry proper the next year. Runner-up Ofra Haza of Israel later gained recognition for her 1988 worldwide hit "Im Nin'alu" and her contributions to the soundtrack of The Prince of Egypt. Spain and Turkey shared the dishonor of scoring nul points for this year, while Ireland withdrew due to its broadcaster RTE going on strike. The votes were read out in three languages instead of two, stretching the contest to three hours.
  • 1984 — Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
    Date: May 5
    Venue: Grand Theatre
    Presenter: Désirée Nosbusch
    Broadcaster: RTL Télévision (RTL) [now RTL9]
    Participating Countries: 19 — Ireland returns; Greece and Israel withdraw
    Winner: Sweden — "Diggi-Loo Diggi-Ley" by Herreys
    Like four years ago, Israel withdrew due to the final clashing with Yom Hazikaron (a movable holiday, set in Iyar 4 of the Hebrew calendar), while UK's entry was met with boos due to Football Hooligans causing a ruckus there last year after failing to qualify for the 1984 European Championship. Sweden's winning entry was the first sung in Swedish by the Herrey brothers Per, Richard and Louis, then based in the United States.
  • 1985 — Gothenburg, Sweden
    Date: May 4
    Venue: Scandinavium
    Presenter: Lill Lindfors (1966 runner-up)
    Broadcaster: Sveriges Television (SVT)
    Participating Countries: 19 — Greece and Israel return; Netherlands and Yugoslavia withdraw
    Winner: Norway — "La det swinge" ("Let it Swing") by Bobbysocks!
    Norway, perennial Eurovision whipping-boy with six last-place finishes, three of which with nul points, surprised the tournament by winning their first contest courtesy of the pairing of Eurovision veterans Hanne Krogh and Elisabeth Andreassen, while presenter Lindfors' faux-Wardrobe Malfunction act during the interval remains a highlight to this day. The Netherlands and Yugoslavia withdrew due to their Remembrance Day and the anniversary of the death of Josip Broz Tito, respectively. The first Eurovision winner, Lys Assia, was a guest of honor.
  • 1986 — Bergen, Norway
    Date: May 3
    Venue: Grieg Hall
    Presenter: Åse Kleveland (1966 third-placer)
    Broadcaster: Norsk rikskringkasting (NRK)
    Participating Countries: 20 — Iceland debuts; Netherlands and Yugoslavia return; Greece and Italy withdraw
    Winner: Belgium — "J'aime la vie" ("I Love Life") by Sandra Kim
    13-year-old Sandra Kim stood out as the youngest Eurovision winner (by faking her age as 15; today Eurovision restricts the minimum age to 16). Eventual runner-up Switzerland appealed in vain to get her disqualified, while Norway enjoyed every moment of its very first Eurovision hosting duties. Luxembourg snagged third-place with Canadian export Sherisse Laurence. Greece withdrew because the contest conflicted with Holy Saturday (they did select an entry though). The interval was performed by Steinar Ofsdal and soprano superstar Sissel Kyrkjebø.
  • 1987 — Brussels, Belgium
    Date: May 9
    Venue: Palais de Centenair, Heysel Plateau
    Presenter: Viktor Lazlo
    Broadcaster: Radio Télévision Belge Francophone (RTBF)
    Participating Countries: 22 — Greece and Italy return
    Winner: Ireland — "Hold Me Now" by Johnny Logan
    The largest edition at the time, which made the EBU put the cap on participating countries to 22. Johnny Logan becomes the first performer to win twice, while Turkey gets the nul points axe this year. Israel's "Shir Habatlanim" ("The Lazy Bums Show") by Datner & Kushnir was largely comedic and the country's culture minister threatened to resign if they went to Brussels. He never went through with this, and the song placed eighth.
  • 1988 — Dublin, Ireland
    Date: April 30
    Venue: Royal Dublin Society (RDS) Simmonscourt Pavilion
    Presenter: Pat Kenny (eminent RTÉ broadcaster) and Michelle Rocca (1980 Miss Ireland)
    Broadcaster: Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)
    Participating Countries: 21 — Cyprus withdraws
    Winner: Switzerland — "Ne partez pas sans moi" ("Do Not Leave Without Me") by Céline Dion
    In an incredibly tight race, Switzerland narrowly beat UK by one point, in the process introducing the world to Dion, their then-unknown Francophone Canadian guest singer. The field was reduced to 21 after Cyprus was forced to withdraw for trying to reenter a song meant for a prior edition, while Austria this time gets nul points. The interval act was performed by Hothouse Flowers.
  • 1989 — Lausanne, Switzerland
    Date: May 6
    Venue: Salle Lys Assia, Palais de Beaulieu
    Presenters: Jacques Deschenaux and Lolita Morena (1982 Miss Switzerland)
    Broadcaster: SRG SSR
    Participating Countries: 22 — Cyprus returns
    Winner: Yugoslavia — "Rock Me" by Riva
    Lausanne 1989 featured the youngest singers in Eurovision history: 11-year-old Nathalie Pâque of France and 12-year-old Gili Natanael of Israel. Bad publicity regarding their presence forced the EBU to set the minimum participating age at 16. A new tiebreaker rule was set, where the entry with the most 12 points wins (if that doesn't suffice, the number of 10 points would also be taken into account). The winning song was performed by a Croatian, while the show was opened by reigning winner Dion performing her first English song, "Where Does My Heart Beat Now", in the process catapulting her to international stardom.
  • 1990 — Zagreb, Yugoslavia (now Croatia)
    Date: May 5
    Venue: Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall
    Presenters: Helga Vlahović and Oliver Mlakar
    Broadcaster: Yugoslav Radio Television (YRT)
    Participating Countries: 22 — no changes
    Winner: Italy — "Insieme: 1992" ("Together: 1992") by Toto Cutugno
    Many entries reflected the profound changes brought by the fall of communism, while Italy's winning entry looked further, in anticipation of the unified European market by 1992. Malta wanted to return, but was barred due to the 22-nation cap (though they still held their own national finals).
  • 1991 — Rome, Italy
    Date: May 4
    Venue: Studio 15, Cinecittà
    Presenters: Gigliola Cinquetti (1964 winner) and Toto Cutugno (1990 winner)
    Broadcaster: Radiotelevisione Italiana (RAI)
    Participating Countries: 22 — Malta returns; Netherlands withdraws
    Winner: Sweden — "Fångad av en stormvind" ("Captured by a Stormwind") by Carola
    The Netherlands backed out due to the final coinciding with Remembrance of the Dead, a holiday commemorating all Dutch casualties since World War II, allowing Malta to return. Sweden wins out over France under the 1989 tiebreaker rules (both had four twelve-pointers, but Sweden had five ten-pointers against France's two). Rome 1991 was hosted by Italy's only Eurovision winners to date.
  • 1992 — Malmö, Sweden
    Date: May 9
    Venue: Malmö Ice Stadium
    Presenters: Lydia Cappolicchio and Harald Treutiger
    Broadcaster: Sveriges Television (SVT)
    Participating Countries: 23 — Netherlands returns
    Winner: Ireland — "Why Me?" by Linda Martin
    The EBU eschews the 22-nation cap by allowing the Netherlands to return. The winning entry was written by Johnny Logan, becoming the first three-time winner, in the process beating hot favorite "One Step Out of Time" by the UK's Michael Ball. Presenter Treutiger would later host the first season of Expedition Robinson, precursor to the Survivor franchise.
  • 1993 — Millstreet, Ireland
    Date: May 15
    Venue: Green Glens Arena
    Presenter: Fionnuala Sweeney (CNN newscaster)
    Broadcaster: Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)
    Participating Countries: 25 — Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia debut; Yugoslavia withdraws
    Winner: Ireland — "In Your Eyes" by Niamh Kavanagh
    With an explosion of aspiring Eurovision entrants, the EBU staged a preliminary round in Ljubljana pitting seven former communist states — Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Estonia, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia — against each other, from which only the former two and the latter would emerge to join in the final, while Yugoslavia was banned from the contest (until 2004) for its role in The Balkan Wars. Millstreet is unusual in that this is the smallest host city in Eurovision history, with the venue actually being a hall used for horse auctions. Like last year, Ireland narrowly held down UK with narrow votes.
  • 1994 — Dublin, Ireland
    Date: April 30
    Venue: Point Theatre
    Presenters: Cynthia Ní Mhurchú and Gerry Ryan (eminent RTÉ radio broadcaster)
    Broadcaster: Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)
    Participating Countries: 25 — Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Russia and Slovakia debut; Belgium, Denmark, Israel, Slovenia and Turkey relegated; Italy and Luxembourg withdraw
    Winner: Ireland — "Rock and Roll Kids" by Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan
    To cope with increasing numbers of aspirants, the EBU set up a relegation system, where the five lowest-ranking nations from last year would be forced to sit out of this year, but with Italy and Luxembourg voluntarily withdrawing (indefinitely, in the case of the latter), seven slots were left open for former Eastern bloc countries to occupy. Once again, Ireland dominated the field, with their 60-point lead over runner-up Poland being the greatest in Eurovision history to date. Ironically, the biggest success from Dublin 1994 was an interval act, courtesy of Riverdance. Whilst it was a good debut for Poland and Hungary - both of whom set their highest placing (2nd and 4th respectively) - it was a bad debut for Estonia and Lithuania, who took the bottom two places with the latter not getting a single point.
  • 1995 — Dublin, Ireland
    Date: May 13
    Venue: Point Theatre
    Presenter: Mary Kennedy
    Broadcaster: Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)
    Participating Countries: 23 — Belgium, Denmark, Israel, Slovenia and Turkey return; Estonia, Finland, Lithuania, Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia and Switzerland relegated
    Winner: Norway — "Nocturne" by Secret Garden
    Ireland was apparently too good for RTÉ, who expressed to the EBU that, should Ireland win this one, they couldn't be expected to host yet again. The field was cut down to 23 to reduce airtime, thus relegating last year's bottom seven while reinstating 1993's bottom five (as Italy declined to join). While the host had a disappointing 14th-place finish, they at least took heart in the fact that Norway's winning entry had an Irish violinist, Fionnuala Sherry.
  • 1996 — Oslo, Norway
    Date: May 18
    Venue: Oslo Spektrum
    Presenters: Ingvild Bryn and Morten Harket (vocalist of a-ha)
    Broadcaster: Norsk rikskringkasting (NRK)
    Participating Countries: 23 — Estonia, Finland, Netherlands, Slovakia and Switzerland return; Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Israel and Russia relegated
    Winner: Ireland — "The Voice" by Eimear Quinn
    The EBU experimented again with an audio-only qualifier where all 29 entrants are involved (as host, Norway is exempt), which saw perennial finalist Germany getting axed and prospective entrants Macedonia being denied their debut. The edition saw Ireland win its record seventh trophy.
  • 1997 — Dublin, Ireland
    Date: May 3
    Venue: Point Theatre
    Presenter: Carrie Crowley and Ronan Keating (vocalist of Boyzone)
    Broadcaster: Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)
    Participating Countries: 25 — Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Italy and Russia return; Belgium, Finland and Slovakia relegated
    Winner: United Kingdom — "Love Shine a Light" by Katrina and the Waves
    Due to negative reception of the 1996 qualifiers, the EBU implemented a new relegation system where the five nations with the lowest average scores for the last five years are to be forced to sit out, allowing last year's relegated countries to fill the gaps — in this case, however, Israel turned down the opportunity as the final clashed with Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Remembrance Day, a movable holiday set in Nisan 27 of the Hebrew calendar), thus granting a reprieve for Bosnia and Herzegovina, while Italy returns after a long hiatus. Norway and Portugal jointly share nul points, while for the second time, UK wins in Irish soil, with five 10-pointers and a dozen 12-pointers — records matched only in 2005. This year also saw them test televoting in five countries - Austria, Germany, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
  • 1998 — Birmingham, England, United Kingdom
    Date: May 9
    Venue: National Indoor Arena (now Barclaycard Arena)
    Presenters: Ulrika Johnson (Swedish-born TV star) and Terry Wogan (long-time Eurovision commentator)
    Broadcaster: British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
    Participating Countries: 25 — Macedonia debuts; Belgium, Finland, Israel, Romania and Slovakia returns; Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Denmark, Iceland and Russia relegated; Italy withdraws
    Winner: Israel — "Diva" by Dana International
    Italy's RAI relinquishes hosting rights and thus joins last year's bottom five in the bench, thus allowing incoming Macedonia to join the 1996 bottom five's return. Birmingham 1998 was the last Eurovision with an in-house orchestra and language restrictions, and opened televoting to all countriesnote . Switzerland earns the indignity of leaving with nul points, while the final was decided by the last vote, which went in favor of Israeli transgender Dana International (born Yaron Cohen) — the first LGBT winner in Eurovision history.
  • 1999 — Jerusalem, Israel
    Date: May 29
    Venue: International Convention Center
    Presenters: Dafna Dekel (1992 sixth-placer), Yigal Ravid and Sigal Shahamon
    Broadcaster: Israel Broadcasting Authority (IBA)
    Participating Countries: 23 — Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Denmark, Iceland and Lithuania return; Finland, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia and Switzerland relegated; Hungary withdraws
    Winner: Sweden — "Take Me to Your Heaven" by Music/Charlotte Nilsson
    This edition made orchestras optional, while aspirant Latvia backed out at the last minute, and in turn Hungary voluntarily withdrew, allowing Portugal, then at risk from relegation, to stay in the game. Unlike recent years, voters went retro, voting in Sweden's ABBA-esque entry. Iceland finished in second, Germany placed third, and early favorite Croatia placed fourth. Lithuania get their first points this year, five years after enteringnote .
  • 2000 — Stockholm, Sweden
    Date: May 13
    Venue: Globe Arena (now Ericsson Globe)
    Presenters: Kattis Ahlström and Anders Lundin
    Broadcaster: Sveriges Television (SVT)
    Participating Countries: 24 — Latvia debuts; Finland, Macedonia, Romania, Russia and Switzerland return; Bosnia and Herzegovina, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal and Slovenia relegated
    Winner: Denmark — "Fly on the Wings of Love" by the Olsen Brothers
    Fitting the first Eurovision of the new millennium, Stockholm 2000 set a record attendance of 13,000 (which was broken next year), while Latvia becomes the last of the Baltic States to enter the fray, joining the 1999 bottom five's return in lieu of last year's bottom five, where it managed to finish at third-place. Israel's entry drew some flak from its own government after its members flew a flag of Syria, with which Israel is officially at war, as a gesture of peace. Predictions of Estonia winning were overturned by Denmark winning with a 40-point lead over Russia, courtesy of veteran musicians and brothers Jørgen and Niels "Noller" Olsen. This edition also saw the EBU give the "Big Four" — France, Germany, Spain and UK, the largest financial contributors to Eurovision — an automatic qualification into the finals regardless of average standings. Stockholm 2000 was also the first edition to release a compilation CD of all the entries.
  • 2001 — Copenhagen, Denmark
    Date: May 12
    Venue: Parken Stadium (now Telia Parken)
    Presenters: Natasja Crone Back and Søren Pilmark
    Broadcaster: Danmarks Radio (DR)
    Participating Countries: 23 — Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal and Slovenia return; Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, Macedonia, Romania and Switzerland relegated
    Winner: Estonia — "Everybody" by Tanel Padar, Dave Benton and 2XL
    Copenhagen 2001 broke attendance records with 33,000 viewers, as the venue is the home turf of Denmark's national football team. This was also the first time since Lausanne 1989 where all the acts are entirely new to the contest. This was also said to be the year Terry Wogan went so far with his snarks the BBC was forced to apologize to the Danish hosts. The field was also cut down to 23, with last year's bottom seven forced to sit out and be replaced with 1999's bottom five, alongside returning Greece. Estonia surprised Europe with its first Eurovision victory, in the process making one of their members, Aruba-born David Benton, aged 50, the first black and oldest winner of the contest.
  • 2002 — Tallinn, Estonia
    Slogan: "A Modern Fairytale"
    Date: May 25
    Venue: Saku Suurhall Arena
    Presenters: Annely Peebo and Marko Matvere
    Broadcaster: Eesti Televisioon (ETV)
    Participating Countries: 24 — Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, Macedonia, Romania and Switzerland return; Iceland, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Poland and Portugal relegated
    Winner: Latvia — "I Wanna" by Marie N
    For this year, the EBU changed the qualification rules such that only the "Big Four", last year's top 15, and last year's sit-outs are qualified. Originally the slots were limited to 22, but the addition of two slots granted a reprieve for Israel and Portugal — the latter, however, withdrew due to problems in their broadcaster RTP, thus saving Latvia from getting axed... which led to a wild Dark Horse Victory courtesy of Marie N.
  • 2003 — Riga, Latvia
    Slogan: "Magical Rendezvous"
    Date: May 24
    Venue: Skonto Hall
    Presenters: Marija "Marie N" Naumova (2002 winner) and Renārs Kaupers (vocalist of 2000 third-placers Brainstorm)
    Broadcaster: Latvijas Televīzija (LTV)
    Participating Countries: 26 — Ukraine debuts; Iceland, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Poland and Portugal return; Denmark, Finland, Lithuania, Macedonia and Switzerland relegated
    Winner: Turkey — "Everyway That I Can" by Sertab Erener
    The field extended to 26 with the return of Portugal and Ukraine's debut, featuring pop star Oleksandr Ponomaryov. Predictions that Russian faux-lesbian duo t.A.T.u. would win were subverted by Erener, already a star in her native Turkey.note  Belgium's entry, "Sanomi", also considered an outsider before landing second-place, was notable for being sung in a made-up language - the first in the contest's history to do so. UK, meanwhile, suffers its worst result — last place with nul points — which Terry Wogan blames on continental Europe's backlash against its involvement in the Iraq War (though the real reason may have been Jemini's terrible singing). This year also saw the scoreboard change so that it rearranged itself as the points were awarded.
  • 2004 — Istanbul, Turkey
    Slogan: "Under the Same Sky"
    Dates: May 12 (semifinal) and 15 (final)
    Venue: Abdi İpekçi Arena
    Presenters: Korhan Abay and Meltem Cumbul [Stage] / Sertab Erener (2003 winner) [Green Room]
    Broadcaster: Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT)
    Participating Countries: 36 — Albania, Andorra, Belarus and Serbia and Montenegro debut; Denmark, Finland, Lithuania, Macedonia, Monaco and Switzerland return
    Winner: Ukraine — "Wild Dances" by Ruslana
    To accommodate the growing numbers of Eurovision aspirants, the EBU eschewed the relegation system in favor of a semifinal phase, from which its top ten will join the "Big Four" and last year's top ten into the final, which saw Ukraine emerge victorious after a three-way battle with Greece and Serbia & Montenegro, the latter whom made an impressive second-place finish for a debutant. This edition also saw the first use of the generic Eurovision logo: the contest's name with the "V" replaced by a heart containing the host nation's flag, with unique designs added for every subsequent edition. Istanbul 2004 was the first to have a DVD of the semifinal and final. Starting every year, compilation discs would also include entries that never made it past the semifinal.
  • 2005 — Kiev, Ukraine
    Slogan: "Awakening"
    Dates: May 19 (semifinal) and 21 (final)
    Venue: Palace of Sports
    Presenters: Maria Efrosinina and DJ Pasha [Stage] / Ruslana (2004 winner) [Green Room]
    Broadcaster: National Television Company of Ukraine (NTU)
    Participating Countries: 39 — Bulgaria and Moldova debut; Hungary returns
    Winner: Greece — "My Number One" by Helena Paparizou
    With "Big Four" countries Germany and Spain making it into last year's top ten, Russia and Malta were given the remaining byes. Unlike last year, however, the competition was wide-open, with Greece winning its first Eurovision contest (and to date the only automatically-qualified finalist outside the "Big Four" countries to win the title), while the "Big Four" languished at the cellar, with the host country Ukraine sitting on top. The voting was opened by brothers and boxing superstars Vitali and Wladimir Klitschko.
  • 2006 — Athens, Greece
    Slogan: "Feel the Rhythm"
    Dates: May 18 (semifinal) and 20 (final)
    Venue: OAKA Olympic Indoor Hall
    Presenters: Maria Menounos and Sakis Rouvas (2004 third-placer and 2009 seventh-placer)
    Broadcaster: Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (ERT)
    Participating Countries: 37 — Armenia debuts; Austria, Hungary and Serbia and Montenegro withdraw
    Winner: Finland — "Hard Rock Hallelujah" by Lordi
    Finland's Lordi made Eurovision history by becoming the first (and so far the only) hard rock band to win the trophy with a record-breaking 292 points (curiously, they also led the semifinal with 292 points), as well as the country's only winner to date. Also, to cut airtime, broadcasting the votes was streamlined such that only the huit, dix and douze points were announced, while the lower scores were immediately beamed onscreen. Ireland's entry, "Every Song Is A Cry For Love" by Brian Kennedy marked the 1,000th song performed in the contest.
  • 2007 — Helsinki, Finland
    Slogan: "True Fantasy"
    Dates: May 10 (semifinal) and 12 (final)
    Venue: Hartwall Arena
    Presenters: Jaana Pelkonen and Mikko Leppilampi [Stage] / Krisse Salminen [Green Room]
    Broadcaster: Yle
    Participating Countries: 42 — Czech Republic, Georgia, Montenegro and Serbia debut; Austria and Hungary return; Monaco withdraws
    Winner: Serbia — "Molitva" ("Prayer") by Marija Šerifović
    The first edition broadcast on HD. Debutant Serbia took Helsinki 2007 by storm by becoming the first ex-Yugoslav nation to win the trophy, much to some consternation from Western European media. This is the first year where the winner was given a promotional tour across Europe. The UK was allowed by the EBU to choose their entry after the deadline. Following on from Lordi, many entries were performed in a rock style, a trend which continued into 2009.
  • 2008 — Belgrade, Serbia
    Slogan: "Confluence of Sound"
    Dates: May 20 (first semifinal), 22 (second semifinal) and 24 (final)
    Venue: Belgrade Arena
    Presenters: Jovana Janković and Željko Joksimović (2004 runner-up and 2012 third-placer)
    Broadcaster: Radio Television of Serbia (RTS)
    Participating Countries: 43 — Azerbaijan and San Marino debut; Austria withdraws
    Winner: Russia — "Believe" by Díma Bilán
    This edition introduced two semifinal rounds, where the top 9 countries and one Wild Card from each side are to join the "Big Four" and the host. Belgrade 2008 set the record for most participating countries, but was also plagued with accusations of political voting, which Austria boycotted in protest, and saw Russia win with a lot of douze points from ex-Soviet states (it may have also helped that his backing dancer was 2006 Olympic figure skating gold medalist Evgeny Plushenko performing from a miniature skating rink), while UK, Germany and Poland languished. This edition also saw a lot of entries in the weird category: Ireland sent a puppet turkey vulture that is actually an extremely famous (children's) TV character, Latvia had pirates, Azerbaijan flaunted thong-clad succubi, Spain sent an Elvis-impersonating actor singing reggaeton with a toy guitar, and France had noted electronica artist Sebastien Tellier perform alongside female backing singers that performed with fake beards. This is Wogan's last season as UK commentator.
  • 2009 — Moscow, Russia
    Dates: May 12 (first semifinal), 14 (second semifinal) and 16 (final)
    Venue: Olympic Indoor Stadium
    Presenters: Natalia Vodianova and Andrey Malakhov [Semifinal]; Ivan Urgant and Alsou Abramova (2000 runner-up) [Final]
    Broadcaster: Channel One Russia
    Participating Countries: 42 — Slovakia returns; Georgia and San Marino withdraw
    Winner: Norway — "Fairytale" by Alexander Rybak
    Moscow 2009 saw Norwegian violinist-singer Rybak break Lordi's record with 387 points, with its 169-point lead over Iceland also setting another record (the fact that he was Belarusian by birth may have also helped him appeal to Eastern Europeans). Following criticism over bloc voting, the EBU changed the voting system to its current form, where both the jury and popular votes are given an equal footing in weighing the scores. This pretty much helped change the pattern of Western entries getting axed by Eastern callers — for example, UK won its best placing since winning Dublin 1997, fifth with 173 points (it also helped that Andrew Lloyd Webber was the pianist). On the other hand, this edition also saw Georgia being forced to withdraw over their entry being interpreted as an attack on then-prime minister Vladimir Putin and the bitter rivalry between Armenia and Azerbaijan rearing its head into Eurovision, when Armenia put in a picture of a pro-Armenian statue from hotly-contested Nagorno-Karabakh on their postcard and Azerbaijan censored Armenia's entry. This season also featured the debut of current British commentator, Graham Norton, who proudly continued Wogan's penchant for alcohol-induced snarking.
  • 2010 — Oslo, Norway
    Slogan: "Share the Moment"
    Dates: May 25 (first semifinal), 27 (second semifinal) and 29 (final)
    Venue: Telenor Arena
    Presenters: Erik Solbakken, Haddy N'jie and Nadia Hasnaoui
    Broadcaster: Norsk rikskringkasting (NRK)
    Participating Countries: 39 — Georgia returns; Andorra, Czech Republic, Hungary and Montenegro withdraw
    Winner: Germany — "Satellite" by Lena
    Starting this year, only the top ten from each semifinal phase will be allowed to join the "Big Four" and the host. Germany becomes the first "Big Four" winner since the UK thirteen years ago, which this time ended at the bottom (it also helped that the song was already a hit in Germany weeks prior to the contest), while Spain had to do their song again after someone invaded the stage.
  • 2011 — Düsseldorf, Germany
    Slogan: "Feel Your Heart Beat!"
    Dates: May 10 (first semifinal), 12 (second semifinal) and 14 (final)
    Venue: Esprit Arena
    Presenters: Anke Engelke, Judith Rakers and Stefan Raab (2000 fifth-placer and mentor to 2010 winner Lena Meyer-Landrut)
    Broadcaster: Norddeutscher Rundfunk (NDR) [an ADR Group member]
    Participating Countries: 43 — Austria, Hungary, Italy and San Marino return
    Winner: Azerbaijan — "Running Scared" by Ell & Nikki
    Germany's first Eurovision hosting duty as a unified nation saw Italy return after a decade (and in a triumphant fashion, earning second-place) and Azerbaijan become the first Transcaucasian state to win the contest after a rather narrow voting process — at one point, even the UK was on top for all of sixty seconds. The finale had gotten an unusually strong selection this year with up to five or six favouritesnote but Azerbaijan was barely a blip on the radarnote . The performances in the finale included a unicycle, sand art, exploding glass and a pair of hyperactive Irish twins whose hair became a running joke when the votes were to be cast.
  • 2012 — Baku, Azerbaijan
    Slogan: "Light Your Fire!"
    Dates: May 22 (first semifinal), 24 (second semifinal) and 26 (final)
    Venue: Baku Crystal Hall
    Presenters: Leyla Aliyeva, Eldar "Ell" Gasimov (one-half of 2011 winners Ell & Nikki) and Nargiz Birk-Petersen
    Broadcaster: İctimai Television (İTV)
    Participating Countries: 42 — Montengro returns; Armenia and Poland withdraw
    Winner: Sweden — "Euphoria" by Loreen
    With Italy becoming a major financial contributor, the "Big Four" becomes the "Big Five", allowing it to gain a bye into the final. Nevertheless, fan-favorite Sweden took the title for the fifth time with 372 points, and while Loreen failed to beat Rybak's record for most points, she nevertheless set a new one for most douze points received (18) with a mystical song which eschewed the usual bright and elaborate stage show in favor of subtle lighting, outfit and choreography. Baku 2012 was also notable for the top 3 countries (Sweden, Russia, and Serbia) earning their positions largely without bloc voting: Sweden and Russia both got points from 40 of 42 countries, and Serbia got points from 30 of 42. Albania achieved their best-ever result, 5th place with 146 points as well as second in the first semifinal, while British veteran musician Engelbert Humperdinck (of "Please Release Me" fame) narrowly escaped the ultimate embarrassment of finishing at the very bottom, being only 5 points ahead of now 11-time cellar-dweller Norway. As usual, the host's rivalry with Armenia figured again when the latter opted out of this edition for "security reasons", not to mention that the host faced scrutiny over its human rights records and pressure from neighboring Iran condemning the event.
  • 2013 — Malmö, Sweden
    Slogan: "We Are One"
    Dates: May 14 (first semifinal), 16 (second semifinal) and 18 (final)
    Venue: Malmö Arena
    Presenters: Petra Mede (nationally-renowned comedian) [Stage] / Eric Saade (2011 third-placer) [Green Room]
    Broadcaster: Sveriges Television (SVT)
    Participating Countries: 39 — Armenia returns; Bosnia and Herzegovina, Portugal, Slovakia and Turkey withdraw
    Winner: Denmark — "Only Teardrops" by Emmelie de Forest
    Emphasizing its theme, Malmö 2013 introduced a tradition from the junior contest of the flags of the nations marching in and all the acts appearing together at least once. Repeating history, Denmark won for the second time on Swedish soil (in the process earning points from all countries save itself), with its entry being a favourite going into the final, facing neck-and-neck competition with Ukraine and Azerbaijan (who were later alleged by Lithuanian media of having attempted to buy votes) for most of the voting phase. Other notable entries included the United Kingdom dusting off Bonnie Tyler (of "Total Eclipse of the Heart" fame) and finishing badly as usual (but not in last, thankfully), Germany's Cascada performing (virtually) last year's winning song, Romania's operatic dubstep vampire Cezar, and a folk-punk entry from Greek ska band Koza Mostra and rebetiko legend Agathonas Iakovidis. With Sweden hosting, there were a record number of references to ABBA (including the anthem, "We Write the Story", being co-written by ABBA alumni Björn Ulvaeus and Benny Andersson, together with pop producer Avicii, and singer-actress Sarah Dawn Finer covering "The Winner Takes It All"), and also had football superstar Zlatan Ibrahimović welcoming the crowd to his hometown, as well as an interval performed by Mede and 1991 winner Carola that smacks of Self-Deprecation.
  • 2014 — Copenhagen, Denmark
    Slogan: "#JoinUs"note 
    Dates: May 6 (first semifinal), 8 (second semifinal) and 10 (final)
    Venue: B&W Hallerne
    Presenters: Lise Rønne, Nikolaj Koppel and Pilou Asbæk (actor best known as Kasper Juul in Borgen and Euron Greyjoy in Game of Thrones)
    Broadcaster: Danmarks Radio (DR)
    Participating Countries: 37 — Poland and Portugal return; Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus and Serbia withdraw
    Winner: Austria — "Rise Like a Phoenix" by Conchita Wurst
    Copenhagen 2014 is one of the more politically-charged editions, with Russia getting most of the heat (as it was held weeks after its military incursion into Crimea and nearly a year after it instituted laws restricting the promotion of LGBT relationships), with their performers, 17-year-old twin sisters Anastasiya and Maria Tolmachevy (winners of the 2006 Junior contest), being booed whenever they received high votes. Early indications that pop star Sanna Nielsen would hand Sweden its sixth trophy were overturned when bearded Austrian drag queen Conchita Wurst charmed the entire continent to victory, while country act The Common Linnets snuck the Netherlands into second place, its best placing since winning Stockholm 1975. Sanna finished in third, with Armenia's Aram MP3 and Hungarian-American Andras Kallay-Saunders rounding out the top five (Andras even scored Hungary's best placing since their Dublin 1994 debut). Of the "Big Five", UK, Italy and Germany settled into the middle of the scoreboard, while Spain fared better with a tenth-place finish courtesy of Ruth Lorenzo, 2008 fifth-placer from The X Factor UK, and France finished last, with their song about wanting to have moustaches performed by a group composed of a Weird Al lookalike, a guy dressed and painted like an African tribesman and three other guys. They did not have any moustaches per se. Other novelty acts feature a man running in a hamster wheel for Ukraine and hot Slavic girls performing daily chores in revealing outfits for Poland.
  • 2015 — Vienna, Austria
    Slogan: "Building Bridges"
    Dates: May 19 (first semifinal), 21 (second semifinal) and 23 (final)
    Venue: Wiener Stadthalle
    Presenters: Mirjam Weichselbraun, Alice Tumler (current presenter of Austrian talent show Die große Chance) and Arabella Kiesbauer [Stage] / Conchita Wurst (2014 winner) [Green Room]
    Broadcaster: Österreichischer Rundfunk (ORF)
    Participating Countries: 40 — Australia debuts as a guest entry; Cyprus, Czech Republic and Serbia return; Ukraine withdraws
    Winner: Sweden — "Heroes" by Måns Zelmerlöw
    The 60th anniversary edition was already notable for rewarding Australia's loyalty to Eurovision with a place in the contest proper, sending in 2003 Australian Idol winner Guy Sebastian (whose song was so well-received, ending up in fifth-place, that it actually caused the EBU to consider giving a permanent invitation to Australia in future years), and Ukraine withdrawing over both financial issues and the crises in both its eastern half and Crimea. As expected, bookies' favourite Måns Zelmerlöw snagged Sweden's sixth trophy (receiving as low as 4 points from virtually every country except itself) after a three-horse race with Russian pop star Polina Gagarina (who, like the Tolmachevy Twins last year, received a tepid response despite the implementation of sound-masking technology, presumably to cover up all the booing that may ensue, and Wurst and Tumler's appeals for decency) and Italian classical crossover trio Il Volo (its best placing since its return in 2011), with both countries becoming the first non-winning entries to score over 280 points (and Russia the first to surpass 300). The results were also notable in that it was the first time since Düsseldorf 2011 when both televoters and juries had different winners — Italy and Sweden, respectively; nevertheless, the latter fared better with televoters (third) than the former did with the juries (sixth), while Russia was more or less stable (second/third) — as well as the first time Greece and Cyprus never gave each other douze points. Meanwhile, experimental pop artist Loïc Nottet placed Belgium at fourth-place, its best result since second-place in Riga 2003, and Germany and host Austria bottomed out with the first nul points in the final since UK, also in Riga 2003 (with the latter becoming the first host to earn such a dishonor, not to mention the first host to place last since the Netherlands in 1958), while the rest of the "Big Five" (save for Italy) fared little better. In fact, literally every jury gave points to the top 9 countries, while every other country got as little as 1-5 points. This year, the acts were relatively more serious, though the novelty still exists: Finland sent a punk band composed of mentally-challenged men, Poland a pop star and survivor of a 2006 accident that left her wheelchair-bound, and Lithuania an act with three simultaneous kisses (straight, gay and lesbian) midway through the song.
  • 2016 — Stockholm, Sweden
    Slogan: "Come Together"
    Dates: May 10 (first semifinal), 12 (second semifinal) and 14 (final)
    Presenters: Petra Mede (2013 presenter) and Måns Zelmerlöw (2015 winner)
    Venue: Ericsson Globe
    Broadcaster: Sveriges Television (SVT)
    Participating Countries: 42 — Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia and Ukraine return; Portugal withdraws; Romania gets disqualified
    Winner: Ukraine — "1944" by Jamala
    Starting this year, the voting rules have been changed such that jury and popular votes from each country are now treated separately, though still applying the traditional 1-10 and 12-point scoring matrix also introduced in Stockholm in 1975; to hasten proceedings, only the jury votes are presented in the traditional country-by-country format, beginning with last year's host and ending with the current host (in this case, Austria and Sweden, respectively), with the spokesperson only delivering the 12-point score (the rest are displayed onscreen), followed with the total popular votes for each country delivered by the presenters in ascending order. This paid off big time, as at least three countries that normally get eliminated in the semifinals (Croatia, Bulgaria and Czech Republic) made it to the final this time around, with the latter qualifying for the first time ever. Another change to the format is that extended clips of dress rehearsals by the Big Five and the host are now played in the semifinal they are voting in (instead of music videos as in previous years). Meanwhile, Romania is expelled as the first penalty against national broadcaster TVR for its repeated failure to pay its debts to to the EBU, a decision that came so late that their entry, "Moment of Silence" by Ovidiu Anton, was still on the official album. This is also the first edition to be aired live in the United States via LOGO (home of Ru Pauls Drag Race, because obviously), with the connection further reinforced by a Justin Timberlake interval at the grand final. Defying all odds, Kyrgyz-born, Armenian-Crimean Tatar singer Susana "Jamala" Jamaladinova led Ukraine's triumphant return after withdrawing last year, in the process narrowly edging out high favourite Sergey Lazarev of Russia, with an ethno-pop track lamenting the deportation of Crimean Tatars (among whose victims was her great-grandmother) by the Stalin-led government during World War II (and some interpreted as a Take That! to Russia under Vladimir Putin for the ongoing Crimean crisis). Notably, this is the very first time in the history of the mixed-results format that the winning song led neither jury or televoter results; nevertheless, Ukraine was stable at second-place on both sides, whilst second-placed Australia (represented by Korean-born Dami Im) and Russia, despite leading the jury and televoter results, respectively, fared not as well on the other side (fourth from televoters and sixth from the juries, with their respective 109- and 38-point leads over Ukraine in their dominant categories being offset by Ukraine's 132- and 81-point leads in the opposite tally). Meanwhile, French-Israeli Amir led Big Five nation France to sixth-place, its best finish since fifth in Tallinn 2002 (the rest lay on the lower half of the scoreboard, with Germany bottoming out for the second consecutive year), and returning 2011 semifinalist and 2015 juniors presenter Poli Genova led Bulgaria to fourth, its best result at the time. Once again, the Armenia-Azerbaijan rivalry reared its head anew after the former's Iveta Mukuchyan was caught holding up a flag of Nagorno-Karabakh in the Green Room during the first semifinal (Azerbaijan was also performing there), while no Nordic country qualified for the final, leaving host Sweden's Frans Jeppsson Wall the sole representative of the region for the first time since Denmark in Frankfurt 1957, finishing a respectable fifth. The interval act for the final is also notable for "Love Love Peace Peace", a pastiche song parodying past Eurovision hits, including cameos by Lordi and Alexander Rybak, sung by both Mede and Zelmerlöw.
  • 2017 — Kiev, Ukraine
    Slogan: "Celebrate Diversity"
    Dates: May 9 (first semifinal), 11 (second semifinal), and 13 (final)
    Presenters: Oleksandr Skichko and Volodymyr Ostapchuk [Stage] / Timur Miroshnychenko [Green Room]
    Venue: International Exhibition Centre
    Broadcaster: National Television Company of Ukraine (NTU)
    Participating Countries: 42 — Portugal and Romania return; Bosnia & Herzegovina and Russia withdraw
    Winner: Portugal — "Amar Pelos Dois" ("Love for Two") by Salvador Sobral
    Before it even began, this edition was notable for being held amidst the background of conflict between hosts Ukraine and neighbouring Russia over the latter's annexation of Crimea in 2014, culminating with the latter being forced to withdraw after the Ukrainian government slapped a three-year ban on their entrant Julia Samoylova for entering Crimea directly from Russia for a 2015 concert. Portugal's Salvador Sobral (2010 seventh-placer at Idolos, the Portuguese edition of American Idol) charmed the pants of Europe with a simple jazz ballad written by his older sister Luísa (herself the third-placer in the inaugural edition of Idolos two years beforehand) and led his country to its first win after 53 years, the longest title drought in the contest's history. In the process, it became the highest-scoring winner in the contest's history, the first wholly non-English winner since 2007's "Molitva" by Marija Šerifović of Serbia, and the first since 2014's Conchita Wurst of Austria to lead both jury and public votes. Bulgaria's Kristian Kostov, the first seniors entrant born in the 2000s, and Moldova's returning 2010 22nd-placer Sunstroke Project, of "Epic Sax Guy" fame, respectively earned second- and third-place, their countries' best finishes to date (the fact that Kostov was born in Moscow may have also helped Bulgaria take any neighbourly vote that normally would've gone to Russia), with Belgium's Blanche and Sweden's Robin Bengtsson rounding out the top five. As for the Big Five, early bookies' favourite Francesco Gabbani of Italy slipped to sixth, France's Alma and UK's Lucie Jones (2009 eighth-placer at The X Factor UK) lay at the middle of the scoreboard, and Germany's Levina narrowly escaping a third consecutive last-place finish, being only one point ahead of Spain's Manel Navarro (whose five points were all neighbourly votes from the Portuguese public). Other notables include Hungary's Joci Pápai, the first Romani entrant in the contest; Belarus entering its first Belarusian-language song; Azerbaijan featuring a man in a horse mask; Austria's Nathan Trent singing from a moon-shaped prop (and blanking out with the televoters); a one-man duet by Croatia's Jacques Houdek; hair-twirling from Slavko Kalezic of Montenegro; and a Ukrainian streaker (disguised as an Australian) mooning the audience during an interval performance by outgoing 2016 winner Jamala in the Grand Final. While Macedonia did not qualify for the final, they gained notability anyway when their representative Jana Burčeska was on the receiving end of an on-air marriage proposal in the Green Room. On a sadder note, this edition (specifically, the second semifinal and grand final) was the very last show broadcast by Israel's long-time national broadcaster Israeli Broadcasting Authority (IBA), with spokesperson Ofer Nachson announcing its closure and a heartfelt farewell live during jury voting.
  • 2018 — Lisbon, Portugal
    Slogan: "All Aboard!"
    Dates: May 8 (first semifinal), 10 (second semifinal) and 12 (final)
    Presenters: Catarina Furtado (current host of The Voice of Portugal), Daniela Ruah (American-Portuguese actress best known as Kensie Blye in NCIS: Los Angeles), Filomena Cautela (MTV Portugal presenter and jury spokesperson in 2017) and Sílvia Alberto (RTP commentator in 2011, 2013 and 2014)
    Venue: Altice Arena
    Broadcaster: Rádio e Televisão de Portugal (RTP)
    Participating countries: 43 — Russia returns
    Winner: Israel — "Toy" by Netta
    For this edition, the slogan not only reflects the contest's vision of bringing nations together through music, but also alludes to host Portugal's long, proud history of maritime exploration. Also, the manner of calculating each nation's jury votes has been changed from a "linear" to "exponential" model so as to reduce the risk of any one member of each nation's five-man body dragging down votes which otherwise fared better with the other jurors. This edition also saw the first-ever semifinals eliminations of Azerbaijan (which is joined by Armenia and Georgia, meaning the final is the first without the Caucasian states on stage since Kiev 2005), Romania and Russia (which was hyped up for fielding anew Julia Samoylova, their intended act last year before having to sit out due to political troubles with neighbouring hosts Ukraine). Israel's new national broadcaster, the Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (IPBC, also known by its nickname "Kan" [Hebrew for "here"]), debuts in style by winning the country's fourth overall trophy after twenty years (and exactly forty after their very first win, no less) with a positively silly female empowerment ethno-electric track by Netta Barzilai (which also happens to be their first English-language winner) after an incredibly unpredictable voting phase which saw her edge out fellow high favourite Eleni Foureira of Cyprus (who nevertheless earned her country's best placing so far), both of whom were buoyed by televoters even as the juries favoured Cesár Sampson of Austria and Benjamin Ingrosso of Sweden. Nevertheless, Israel and Cyprus scored a decent third and fifth with the juries, respectively, while Austria, though dragged down by being thirteenth-place with televoters, still holds on to third overall, its best non-winning finish (and best in recent years since Conchita Wurst won Copenhagen 2014), whereas Sweden fared worse at twenty-third, causing it to slip down to seventh overall, its first finish outside the Top Five since hosting Malmö 2013. As for the Big Five, Michael Schulte's heartfelt family ballad helped Germany redeem itself after three years at the bottom, being buoyed to fourth-place by both sides of the voting, followed closely by Italy's Ermal Meta and Fabrizio Moro to close out the Top Five, with France's Madame Monsieur edging into the top half of the scoreboard and Spain's Amaia & Alfred and UK's Su Rie sitting near the very bottom, only above Finland's Saara Aalto and host Portugal's Cláudia Pascoal (it also didn't help that Spain was placed at the dreaded #2 spot in the grand final's running order, which notoriously never had any winner, whilst UK was interrupted by a stage invasion). Other notables include Mikolas Josef rapping his way to sixth-place, the Czech Republic's best finish so far in only its second-ever finals appearance, Jessica Mauboy of Australia becoming the first Aboriginal-blooded singer in the contest (and sadly flopping with televoters), Estonia's Elina Nechayeva singing an operatic solo wearing a projection-lit gown, a silly doppelganger routine from Moldova's DoReDos (which earned them tenth, and thus their second consecutive top-ten finish), and returning 2009 winner Alexander Rybak's "That's How You Write a Song" for Norway becoming the 1,500th song in the contest's history. On the other hand, this edition also saw China's national broadcaster Mango TV being stripped of broadcasting rights after the first semifinal alone for censoring the rainbow flag, Ireland's entry featuring two gay men dancing together behind vocalist Ryan O'Shaughnessy, and Albania for the tattoos on vocalist Eugent Bushpepa.
  • 2019 — Tel Aviv, Israel
    Slogan: "Dare to Dream!"
    Date: May 14 (first semifinal), 16 (second semifinal) and 18 (final)
    Presenters: Bar Refaeli (model and television host), Erez Tal (TV and radio personality), Assi Azar (television host), and Lucy Ayoub (TV and radio host).
    Venue: Tel Aviv Convention Center
    Broadcaster: Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (IPBC / Kan)
    Participating countries: 41 — Bulgaria and Ukraine withdraw; FYR Macedonia renamed North Macedonia
    Winner: The Netherlands — "Arcade" by Duncan Laurence
    First edition hosted in Israel outside Jerusalem, and given the host country, perhaps the most politically-charged throughout the 2010s. While on paper the EBU insists the choice of Tel Aviv over Jerusalem, which hosted the three previous editions staged in Israel, is a compromise to religious groups who object to hosting such a liberal, LGBTQ-friendly event as Eurovision in the latter (a holy city for Jews, Muslims and Christians), as well as claims of better facilities in the former, unofficially it is interpreted as a coy acknowledgment of Jerusalem's delicate geopolitical status. The runoff, too, saw the Russia-Ukraine rivalry rear its head anew, resulting in the latter being forced to withdraw due to protests by their entrant, Anna "MARUV" Korsun (an east Ukrainian with a Russian music label), and her fellow national-selection finalists over being used as political tools by Kiev. Five years after coming really close with The Common Linnets, the Netherlands finally wins their first Eurovision since Teach-In at Stockholm 1975 (after a 44-year wait), courtesy of a subdued, haunting ballad by high favourite Duncan Laurence, himself a protegé of Ilse DeLange, one half of The Common Linnets, in the 2014 season of The Voice of Holland. Just like Stockholm 2016, however, Laurence won neither jury nor audience votes, being respectively won by Tamara Todevska of North Macedonia and KEiiNO of Norway; nevertheless, Laurence held a respectable third with juries and second with televoters, while Todevska and KEiiNO respectively slipped to seventh and sixth uuoverall due to relatively poor showing on the other voting bloc (ninth with televoters and eighteenth with juries, respectively; Norway only had an advantage due to a comparative higher score in their dominant bloc, while North Macedonia could take solace in having earned its best finish so far). Half-Egyptian Alessandro "Mahmood" Mahmoud earned Big Five nation Italy second, its best finish since Raphael Gualazzi also scored second in Düsseldorf 2011, and returning 2016 third-placer Sergey Lazarev of Russia finished third again, followed closely by Luca Hänni (who not only became Switzerland's second-ever finalist in the 2010s, but also, at fourth-place, scored its best finish since Annie Cotton's third at Millstreet 1993) and Sweden's John Lundvik to round out the Top Five. Laurence's song was co-written by a Swede, Joel Sjöö, KEiiNO's Fred-René Buljo became the first contestant to sing in Sami, and Lundvik the first singer-songwriter to have two songs for two different countries in a single edition, having also wrote for the UK's Michael Rice, which unfortunately tanked hard and bottomed out at the standings, with the rest of the Big Five (save Italy) faring barely any better (France's Bilal Hassani and Spain's Miki hovered at the lower half of the scoreboard, while the UK's last place helped Germany's S!sters narrowly escape yet another total humiliation). Other notables include Australia's Kate Miller-Heidke performing with two other women on bendy poles, Moldova featuring Ukrainian sand artist Kseniya Simonova performing behind Anna Odobescu, Azerbaijan's Chingiz Mustafayev accompanied by two robotic arms, San Marino's Ahmet Serhat Hacıpaşalıoğlu the first ethnic Turk in the grand final since Turkey took an indefinite leave starting Malmö 2013, and Denmark's Leonora Colmor Jepsen singing from a giant blue chair, with an end in 4 languages, including the first use of Danish since 1998, and of German since 2012 (which had been in a regional form for a song seen as offensive, meaning Denmark were the first to use the language seriously since 2007). On other notes, the interval acts featured 1998 winner Dana International, the first LGBTQ winner of Eurovision, performing a cover of Bruno Mars' "Just the Way You Are" in celebration of love amid a background of a kiss-cam featuring heterosexual and gay couples alike in the first semis, the awe-inspiring performance of Shalva, a music band composed of eight people with physical and/or mental disabilities, at the second semis, and a cross-performance medley of past Eurovision hits by 2014 winner Conchita Wurst of Austria, 2015 winner Måns Zelmerlöw of Sweden, 2018 runner-up Eleni Foureira of Cyprus, 2007 runner-up Verka Serduchka of Ukraine, and 1979 winner Gali Atari of Israel. On the other hand, Madonna's guest performance at the grand final raised some eyebrows as one of her backing dancers was caught holding a Palestinian flag, as did Iceland's BDSM-clad dark techno group Hatari. In addition, the Belarusian jury was dismissed by the EBU from the grand final for revealing their results from the first semis (in violation of EBU rules that states semis results can only be revealed after the grand final); moreover, their stated jury scores for the grand final, based on an aggregate result approved by the EBU, turned out to have been allocated in reverse order, leading to a post-show shakeup of the final results (as seen above; in the older ordering, Sweden and Norway would've exchanged places, as do North Macedonia and now eighth-placing Azerbaijan).

  • 2020 — Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Dates: May 12 (first semifinal), 14 (second semifinal) and 16 (final)
    Venue: Rotterdam Ahoy
    Broadcasters: AVROTROS, Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS) and Nederlandse Publieke Omroep (NPO)
    Confirmed entrants (so far): 30 — Ukraine slated to return

    Recap (Junior Eurovision Song Contest) 

  • 2003 — Copenhagen, Denmark
    Date: November 15
    Venue: Forum Copenhagen
    Presenters: Camilla Ottesen and Remee
    Broadcaster: Danmarks Radio (DR)
    Participating Countries: 16 — Belarus, Belgium, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Greece, Latvia, Macedonia, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom
    Winner: Croatia — "Ti si moja prva ljubav" ("You Are My First Love") by Dino Jelušić
    To accommodate aspiring Eurovision singers under 16 years old (the minimum age required to join the senior version), the EBU created a contest for aspirants aged 8-15. It also predates the "senior" contest as the first to be broadcast in 16:9 screens and the first with a DVD compilation.
  • 2004 — Lillehammer, Norway
    Date: November 20
    Venue: Håkons Hall
    Presenters: Stian Barsnes Simonsen and Nadia Hasnaoui
    Broadcaster: Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK)
    Participating Countries: 18 — France and Switzerland debut
    Winner: Spain — "Antes muerta que sencilla" ("Better Dead Than Plain") by María Isabel
    For the second contest, Spain's winning artist later became a JESC success, charting as far as Latin America. Unlike the senior contest, however, the JESC had less strict hosting rules (Lillehammer was actually the EBU's third-choice, but Manchester in England withdrew due to lack of funding and Zagreb from defending winner Croatia had its prospective venue already booked).
  • 2005 — Hasselt, Belgium
    Slogan: "Let's Get Loud"
    Date: November 26
    Venue: Ethias Arena
    Presenters: Marcel Vanthilt and Maureen Louys (current RTBF commentator for the senior contest since 2012)
    Broadcasters: Radio Télévision Belge Francophone (RTBF) [Wallonia] and Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroeporganisatie (VRT) [Flanders]
    Participating Countries: 16 — Russia and Serbia and Montenegro debut; Cyprus, France, Poland and Switzerland withdraw
    Winner: Belarus — "My vmeste" ("We Are Together") by Ksenia Sitnik
    For the first time, all entries are automatically given douze points at the beginning of the voting phase, while the contest proper was jointly broadcast by the two major broadcasters from both sides of Belgium.
  • 2006 — Bucharest, Romania
    Slogan: "Let the Music Play"
    Date: December 2
    Venue: Polyvalent Hall
    Presenters: Andreea Marin Bănică and Ioana Ivan
    Broadcaster: Televiziunea Română (TVR)
    Participating Countries: 15 — Portugal, Serbia and Ukraine debut; Cyprus returns; Denmark, Latvia, Norway, Serbia and Montenegro and the United Kingdom withdraw
    Winner: Russia — "Vesenniy Jazz" ("Spring Jazz") by the Tolmachevy Twins
    Due to allegations of the contest putting too much pressure on the contestants, Denmark withdrew in protest and restarted the Melodi Grand Prix Nordic featuring solely Nordic entries (though Sweden still competed in the JESC). The winners, nine-year-old twin sisters Anastasiya and Maria Tolmachevy of Russia, would become the first junior contestants to enter the senior contest and so far the only ones to make it into the final, placing seventh in Copenhagen 2014 despite a tepid response from the crowd (see above).
  • 2007 — Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Slogan: "Make a Big Splash"
    Date: December 8
    Venue: Ahoy
    Presenters: Sipke Jan Bousema and Kim-Lian van der Meij
    Broadcaster: Algemene Vereniging Radio Omroep (AVRO)
    Participating Countries: 17 — Armenia, Bulgaria, Georgia and Lithuania debut; Croatia and Spain withdraw
    Winner: Belarus — "S druz'yami" ("With Friends") by Alexey Zhigalkovich
    Belarus wins for the second time, but was also the first winning entry not to earn points from all participating countries (Cyprus is that one exception) and surviving a head-to-head with Armenia, winning by only one point with Armenia earning more douze points. Third-placer Nevena Božović of Serbia would become the first solo junior contestant to compete in the senior version, in Malmö 2013 as part of Moje 3 (though it failed to make it through the final), before qualifying by herself in Tel Aviv 2019.
  • 2008 — Limassol, Cyprus
    Slogan: "Fun in the Sun"
    Date: November 22
    Venue: Spyros Kyprianou Athletic Centre
    Presenters: Alex Michael and Sophia Paraskeva
    Broadcaster: Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (CyBC)
    Participating Countries: 15 — Portugal and Sweden withdraw
    Winner: Georgia — "Bzz." by Bzikebi
    For the first time, all song entries can now be co-written by adults, and most likely taking notes from the backlash over allegations of bloc voting in the senior contest at Belgrade months earlier, Limassol 2008 was the very first Eurovision to apply the current system of split televoter/jury results system. Georgia also bested Belgium from the "senior" contest in Riga 2003 by becoming the first winning entry sung in a made-up language. Limassol 2008 was also notable for the first appearance of a seniors winner in the interval act, courtesy of Belgrade 2008's Dima Bilan from Russia.
  • 2009 — Kiev, Ukraine
    Slogan: "For the Joy of People"
    Date: November 21
    Venue: Palace of Sports
    Presenters: Ani Lorak (seniors runner-up from Belgrade 2008) and Timur Miroshnychenko [Stage] / Dmytro Borodin [Green Room]
    Broadcaster: National Television Company of Ukraine (NTU)
    Participating Countries: 13 — Sweden returns; Bulgaria, Greece and Lithuania withdraw
    Winner: Netherlands — "Click Clack" by Ralf Mackenbach
    Kiev 2009 is notable for having the oldest winner in JESC history — 14-year-old Ralf Mackenbach of the Netherlands — while both Armenia and Russia shared second-place, as well as the first time the contest was hosted by a seniors alumni.
  • 2010 — Minsk, Belarus
    Slogan: "Feel the Magic"
    Date: November 20
    Venue: Minsk Arena
    Presenters: Denis Kourian and Leile Ismailava
    Broadcaster: Belarusian Television and Radio Company (BTRC)
    Participating Countries: 14 — Moldova debuts; Latvia and Lithuania return; Cyprus and Romania withdraw
    Winner: Armenia — "Mama" by Vladimir Arzumanyan
    Minsk 2010 saw Armenia win its only trophy in any Eurovision contest to date, while Sveriges Television (SVT) of Sweden (already its official broadcaster for the "senior" edition) takes over broadcasting rights from TV4, a move widely considered a major step in reigniting interest from the Nordic countries.
  • 2011 — Yerevan, Armenia
    Slogan: "Reach for the Top!"
    Date: December 3
    Venue: Karen Demirchyan Sports and Concerts Complex
    Presenters: Gohar Gasparyan (current head of the Armenian delegation for the senior contest) and Avet Barseghyan (current host of the Armenian version of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?)
    Broadcaster: Public Television of Armenia (ARMTV)
    Participating Countries: 13 — Bulgaria, Malta and Serbia withdraw
    Winner: Georgia — "Candy Music" by Candy
    For the first time, Armenia follows the tradition from the senior contest of last year's winner hosting the current edition, which was won by Georgia for the second time.
  • 2012 — Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Slogan: "Break the Ice"
    Date: December 1
    Venue: Heineken Music Hall
    Presenters: Ewout Genemans and Kim-Lian van der Meij
    Broadcaster: Algemene Vereniging Radio Omroep (AVRO)
    Participating Countries: 12 — Albania, Azerbaijan and Israel debut; Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania and Macedonia withdraw
    Winner: Ukraine — "Nebo" ("Sky") by Anastasiya Petryk
    Amsterdam 2012 is the smallest Junior Eurovision to date with only 12 entries, while Ukraine wins its first junior trophy and the second overall since Ruslan won the senior edition in Istanbul 2004.
  • 2013 — Kiev, Ukraine
    Slogan: "Be Creative"
    Date: November 30
    Venue: Palace "Ukraine"
    Presenters: Timur Miroshnychenko and Zlata Ognevich (seniors third-placer from Malmö 2013)
    Broadcaster: National Television Company of Ukraine (NTU)
    Participating Countries: 12 — San Marino debuts; Macedonia and Malta return; Albania, Belgium and Israel withdraw
    Winner: Malta — "The Start" by Gaia Cauchi
    Kiev 2013 saw the first time a seniors winner performs his/her entry during the interval ("Only Teardrops" by Emmelie de Forest of Denmark, from Malmö 2013), while Malta's entry becomes the very first wholly-English song to win the contest. Kiev 2013 was also the first time that both runner-up and third-placer (Ukraine's Sofia Tarasova and Belarus' Ilya Volkov, respectively) are also given awards. Winner Gaia Cauchi would also become the first in a mini-tradition of the senior contests to have the reigning juniors winner make a brief cameo during the interval and perform his/her winning act.
  • 2014 — Marsa, Malta
    Slogan: "#Together"
    Date: November 15
    Venue: Malta Shipbuilding Yard
    Presenter: Moira Delia
    Broadcaster: Public Broadcasting Services (PBS)
    Participating Countries: 16 — Italy, Montenegro and Slovenia debut; Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus and Serbia return; Azerbaijan, Macedonia and Moldova withdraw
    Winner: Italy — "Tu primo grande amore" ("You, First Great Love") by Vincenzo Cantiello
    Marsa's venue is one of the more interesting ones: it's actually three ship houses converted into a soundstage for the edition (and consequently, the 2014 Maltese national final). Italy becomes the first debutant since the inaugural season to win the trophy. Returnee Bulgaria, one of the favorites to win, finished second, and Armenia in third. Host country Malta places fourth, with Russia completing the top five. Moira Delia is the first person to host the contest singlehandedly. An "Online Voting Award" would have been presented for the first time, but was not presented because the website crashed.
  • 2015 — Sofia, Bulgaria
    Slogan: "#Discover"
    Date: November 21
    Venue: Arena Armeec
    Presenter: Poli Genova (seniors semifinalist from Düsseldorf 2011 and fourth-placer from Stockholm 2016)
    Broadcaster: Bulgarian National Television (BNT)
    Participating Countries: 17 — Australia and Ireland debut; Albania and Macedonia return; Croatia, Cyprus and Sweden withdraw
    Winner: Malta — "Not My Soul" by Destiny Chukunyere
    Bulgaria, the runner-up country, takes the hosting reign for the upcoming edition. After tussling with Armenia, Malta comes up top, for the second time in three years, with a lighthearted disco tune that became both the second wholly-English winner and the highest-scoring entry in the tournament's history. Armenia's Mika also set a record for highest-scoring non-winner, while high favourite Lina Kuduzović of Slovenia rounds out the top three without a single douze points, amazingly enough. Ireland's entry "Réalta na Mara" ("Star of the Sea") is notable for being the first Irish Eurovision entry sung in Gaelic since "Ceol an Ghrá" ("Music of Love"), performed by Sandie Jones in the 1972 grown-up contest in Edinburgh. Last year's winner, Italy, finishes second last.
  • 2016 — Valletta, Malta
    Slogan: "Embrace"
    Date: November 20
    Venue: Mediterranean Conference Centre
    Presenters: Ben Camille and Valerie Vela
    Broadcaster: Public Broadcasting Services (PBS)
    Participating Countries: 17 — Cyprus, Israel and Poland return; Montenegro, San Marino and Slovenia withdraw
    Winner: Georgia — "Mzeo" by Mariam Mamadashvili
    Shortly after Sofia 2015, previous executive supervisor Vladislav Yakovlev was fired and replaced with Jon Ola Sand, who has been supervising the senior version since Düsseldorf 2011. Like its senior version in Stockholm months earlier, Valetta 2016 brings some big changes: the televoting half of the voting phase has been nixed in favor of a kids' jury, with the adult jury including Jedward, twins and seniors finalist for Ireland in Düsseldorf 2011 and Baku 2012, as well as Mads Grimstad and Christer Björkman, seniors seventeenth-placer for Sweden in Malmö 1992 and current supervisor of Melodifestivalen, Sweden's national selection show. Winning song "Mzeo" is notable for being one of only two songs this year to be entirely in a non-English language (the other was Serbia, who finished last). With this win, Georgia extends their lead on Belarus for the most JESC wins, with three. Armenia earns their second consecutive second-place result, while Italy finishes in third.
  • 2017 — Tbilisi, Georgia
    Slogan: "Shine Bright"
    Date: November 26
    Venue: Olympic Palace
    Presenters: Helen Kalandadze and Lizi Japaridze
    Broadcaster: Georgian Public Broadcaster (GPB)
    Participating Countries: 16 — Portugal returns; Bulgaria and Israel withdraw
    Winner: Russia — "Wings" by Polina Bogusevich
    Russia snags its second victory in the contest with "Wings". The host country, Georgia, places second, while Australia places third. Portugal, reigning winner of the adult contest, returns after a ten year absence. Lizi Japaridze becomes the first JESC alumnus to ever host the contest.
  • 2018 — Minsk, Belarus
    Slogan: #LightUp
    Date: November 25
    Venue: Minsk Arena
    Presenters: Eugene Perlin, Helena Meraai (fifth-placer from 2017) and Zena
    Broadcaster: Belarusian Television and Radio Company (BTRC)
    Participating Countries: 20 — Wales and Kazakhstan debut; France, Azerbaijan and Israel return; Cyprus withdraws.
    Winner: Poland — "Anyone I Want to Be" by Roksana Węgiel
    After years of the United Kingdom not participating, Wales participates on its own accord. Poland wins the competition for the first time. The Welsh entry "Perta" by Manw becomes the first song to be sung entirely in Welsh. France returns after a 14-year absence and ends up in second place, while Australia finishes in third. Newcomers Kazakhstan and Wales finish in sixth and last place respectively.
  • 2019 — Gliwice, Poland
    Slogan: Share the Joy
    Date: November 24
    Venue: Gliwice Arena
    Presenters: TBA
    Broadcaster: Telewizja Polska (TVP)
    Participating Countries: 19 — Spain returns; Israel and Azerbaijan withdraw.
    ——
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