In the Northern Water Tribe, things are going well for our heroes. Katara and Aang are still taking waterbending lessons from Master Pakku. Katara in particular has advanced quickly — faster then any student Pakku has taught — while Aang's tendency to goof off has made him fall behind. Meanwhile, Sokka's friendship with Yue grows, even though they both know they can't have more.
But all that grinds to a halt when black snow starts raining down on the Northern Tribe — a result of the soot from hundreds of Fire Nation ships advancing to conquer and destroy the last bastion of the Water Tribes.
With no other choice, the Water Tribe is forced to go to war; Aang, remembering how he wasn't there when the Fire Nation destroys his own people, vows that he will make a difference this time. Yue tells Sokka that she can't see him anymore, as her feeling for him make things too confusing. Sokka deals with this by volunteering for a guerrilla mission, facing both death and, to his surprise, Yue's jerk fiance Hahn.
The first day of the invasion sees the Fire Nation Navy bombard the Northern Tribe with fireballs from a distance, while Aang and a few Waterbenders take on the ships head on. It goes badly for the defenders — there's just too many ships for them to handle. Meanwhile, Sokka is pulled off the top-secret mission after getting into a fight with Hahn, although the Water Chief later admits he had an ulterior motive; he wants Sokka to guard his daughter.
As night falls, Iroh, acting as advisor to Zhao, recommends withdrawal, as the moon is nearly full, which empowers waterbending. Zhao agrees, while stating that he's working on a solution to "the moon problem."
During the cover of night, Zuko, who has been hiding among Zhao's crew in disguise all this time, sneaks into the Water Tribe in an attempt to kidnap Aang. Meanwhile, Aang, his battle against the fleet fruitless, gets an idea; the Water Tribe worships the Moon and Ocean spirits as the first Waterbenders, so how about he gets their help? Yue and Katara thinks that's a great idea, with one caveat; the last time Aang entered the Spirit World, it was totally by accident, so how's he supposed to do it on purpose? Yue helps by leading Aang and Katara to a secret oasis that's the spiritual center of the Northern Tribe, figuring it'll make it easier for Aang to cross over. Aang meditates for a while, before crossing over as he watches a pair of black-and-white koi fish in the oasis that definitely won't be important later.
It is here that Zuko finds him, and though Katara puts up one hell of a defense, the rise of the sun gives Zuko enough of a boost to defeat her and kidnap Aang. This has the side effect of stranding Aang in the Spirit World, as his body is not where he left it. Furthermore, the rising of the sun means the Fire Navy resumes its attack on the Water Tribe. The episode ends with the walls of the city breached and Zuko toting Aang across the frozen tundra.
- Accidental Misnaming: Hahn can't get anyone's names right.
- Alertness Blink: When Aang is destroying the Fire Nation ship's catapults, he is surprised by a soldier, causing two white flashes next to him and a clear blinking sound.
- Answer Cut: When Arnook says "It is with great sadness I call my family here before me, knowing well that some of these faces are about to vanish from our tribe," the camera flashes to Yue, Pakku, and Hahn — one of whom will make it, one who does not, and one we never find out about.
- Attack! Attack! Attack!: Averted, or perhaps subverted considering the character in question. Zhao sees the merit in Iroh's advice not to rush in and begin battle with the looming emergence of the moon, from which the waterbenders can draw greater power; he instead anchors his navy while ironing out a plan to deal with the problem.
- The Bad Guy Wins: Sort of. After being put through a lot of crap, Zuko finally captures the Avatar and escapes.
- Badass Boast: See Take That! and keep in mind that this show is the only show to beat out Spongebob Squarepants at the Kids Choice Awards.
- Big Damn Heroes: Once again, Appa saves the day.
- Braving the Blizzard: Zuko captures and takes Aang (who is in the Spirit World) further up north to avoid Zhao and his forces. It goes poorly because the North Pole is barren for miles and ends up encountering a violent blizzard.
- Call-Back: Some of the waterbenders stop a Fire Nation ship like the one seen in "The Boy in the Iceberg".
- City of Canals: The Northern Water Tribe's city.
- Curb-Stomp Battle: At night under the full moon, Katara thumps Zuko repeatedly with her improved training and special tide-induced boost. But then the sun rises, and Zuko's power boost activates, letting him melt through the ice Katara had trapped him in and knock her out in a surprise attack.
- Dual Wielding: While sabotaging the Fire Nation ships, Aang gets attacked by a soldier wielding two hammers attached by chains.
- Flight of Romance: Sokka takes Yue on one. The arrival of the Fire Nation navy ruins it.
- Instant Armor: More like Instant Snowman — Aang bends the snow around his body to become one.
- Jaw Drop: Sokka's reaction when he learns that Hahn is Yue's fiancé.
- Jerkass: Hahn. He tells right to Sokka's face that's pursuing Yue merely for the perks of being the chieftain's son-in-law.
- Like a Son to Me:Iroh: I just nag you because, well, ever since I lost my son...
Zuko: Uncle, you don't have to say it.
Iroh: I think of you as my own.
- The Native Rival: Hahn, to Sokka. With a nice little subversive twist, in that Sokka is a rustic tribesman from a backwater village in an urban setting.
- Noisy Nature: Zuko finds some sealion-turtles that won't stop making noise while infiltrating the North Pole, and yells at them to be quiet.
- Oh, Crap!: Aang's reaction when, after subduing the first Fire Nation ship, he sees that there are still hundreds on their way.
- One-Man Army: Averted. Despite being possibly the most powerful bender in the world, Aang can't single-handedly take on a whole navy.
- Opening Shout-Out: When Aang decides to actively fight against the Fire Nation invasion, there is a shot of him from behind holding his staff, followed by a pan up into the sky, which is identical to that at the end of the opening sequence.
- Phlebotinum Battery: "You rise with the moon. I rise with the sun."
- Punishment Detail: Subverted. Sokka expected Arnook to possibly sentence him to some grim punishment such as scrubbing the barracks for his insubordination against Hahn, but no, he needed him to guard his daughter.
- Reality Ensues:
- The Northern Water Tribe has been in near total isolation for almost a century, so when they pull out "real" Fire Navy uniforms for an infiltration mission the captured uniforms are totally out of date, as no one has actually seen a Fire Nation solider for decades.
- Aang figures he can help fight off the fire nation battalion. At the end of the day, he only takes out at least a dozen. He bemoans the reality that despite being the Avatar, he's still just a child and can't take on an army by himself.
- Snow Means Death: Black snow, to be precise.
- Take That!: Confirmed by Word of God.Pakku: A couple years and you might be ready to fight a sea sponge.
- Took a Level in Badass: Katara's fighting skill was already good enough to give Master Pakku a decent workout in the previous episode. Within a very short time, Katara's at the top of the class pummeling all the other trainees in under 30 seconds.
- Zuko even acknowledges it with a complimentary insult: "You little peasant, you found a master haven't you?"
- Trailers Always Lie: The promo chronologically switches the part where Aang goes from "I'm just one kid" to "I'm going to make a difference this time", making it look like there's going to be a lesson (even one person can make a difference). In the episode, it's the other way around. (See Reality Ensues).
- Unwanted Assistance: Understandably, Yue is undoubtedly unaware of how the Avatar's power works, which leads her to think something is wrong with him.Katara: He's meditating. Trying to cross over into the Spirit World. It takes all his concentration.Yue: Is there any way we can help?Aang: How about some quiet?! Come on, guys, I can hear every word you're saying!
- Upper-Class Twit: Hahn is essentially the Northern Water Tribe's equivalent, due to warriors being one of the most respected classes. He even insults Sokka based on the fact that he's from the Southern Water Tribe, and states that he "wouldn't understand the political complexities of our tribe". Said political complexity is Hahn wanting to marry Yue for the perks. He also gets annoyed when Sokka points out the stolen Fire Nation armour is several decades out of date, and can't get Zhao's name right at all.
- We ARE Struggling Together: Sokka ends up getting into conflict with Hahn, as the former knows Zhao and the Fire Nation a lot better than he does, and calls him out for being a self-absorbed jerk, while Hahn insults Sokka for his ignorance of his tribe's political complexities. The chieftain would have none of this infighting amongst his ranks that he had to take Sokka off the mission.
- Worf Had the Flu: Played both ways; both times Katara beat Zuko she had the moon on her side and he had trudged through the arctic (which would weaken anyone but especially firebenders). The one time he beat her, he had the sun and also managed to get her from behind with a lucky shot.