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Introduced in 1957 for use by the United States Air Force, the AR-7 is a humble little rifle intended to be used as a survival weapon should pilots find themselves in downed in remote areas where they might have to wait days or weeks for rescue. It is chambered in the .22 Long Rifle cartridge, which would be used to hunt small game, and has a semi-automatic action that can be fed with small magazines that have a capacity ranging from eight to twenty-five rounds. The rifle can easily be disassembled, with the barrel and receiver stored in the stock. The rifle is light enough that it can float in the water, though it's not waterproof. Although the rifle was declined by the USAF, it was ultimately adopted by the Israeli Air Force.
The rifle entered the civilian market, where it is popular for survivalists who favoured it for its light weight. Armalite sold the rights to Charter Arms in 1979, and then Charter Arms did the same to the current manufacturer Henry in the 2000's. Rebranded as the U.S. Survival AR-7. Charter Arms had also designed a pistol variant of the AR-7 known as the Explorer II by nixing the stock and shortening the barrel. However the pistol is much maligned by customers with reliability issues (as the weapon was originally a blow-back action rifle, cutting away the stock would mess with the recoil impulse). In fiction, expect it to subvert the Little Useless Gun trope as it can be depicted as an assassin's weapon.
Anime and Manga
- Held by May in the cover for Gunsmith Cats Burst! Also important to the backstory of Rally Vincent — one of these is the first gun she ever fired, gifted by her father, and she kept it all of those years until the manga's present day, where it sees use as a Pocket Protector that saves her from a .50 Action Express round (still screws up her ribs, though).
- Brian finds one near the end of the film adaptation of Hatchet, after a storm causes the bush plane to resurface in the lake. He uses it for game hunting until he's rescued.
- The rifle appeared in the James Bond movies in three different ocassions.
- From Russia with Love: Bond was issued this rifle from Q to be used to assassinate Krilencu, modified with a suppressor and a scope. Though it was Kerim who pulled the trigger after pleading with Bond. Bond later used the rifle to take out a helicopter pilot.
- Goldfinger: Tilly Masterson had this rifle for a failed assassination attempt on Goldfinger to avenge her sister.
- On Her Majesty's Secret Service: Bond had a disassembled AR-7 in the glove compartment of his car.
- Corporal "Smiler" Dawson from Commando's "Convict Commandos" series uses this weapon, although knives are his weapon of choice.
- Medal of Honor: Allied Assault added this weapon in the Breakthrough expansion pack.
- Men of War featured the carbine exclusively wielded by Allied infantry specialist units like the US Paratroopers, British SAS or Commandos.
- No One Lives Forever featured one with an optional scope as the "Hampton Carbine".
- Death To Spies features it as an option for the player's loadout. How exactly a Russian operative got his hands on one during the war is unknown.
- Hidden & Dangerous 2 featured it as the "De Lisle C.C."
- One of the available weapons on Enemy Front.
- The Carbine can be acquired through the Silenced Weapons Warfare DLC in Sniper Elite 4. Because it uses the .45 ACP round, it sacrifices power and range in exchange for low recoil and suppressed shots without needed specialized ammo.
- Featured in Battlefield V for the stealth missions, and later added into multiplayer for the Medic class.
- A usable weapon in Call of Duty: WWII, classified as a sniper rifle.
- Hot Dogs, Horseshoes, and Hand Grenades added the carbine in Alpha 1 of Update 76. It was the quietest weapon added in the game, until the Welrod usurped it.
James Bond: I'll do my best.
- Trivia: Even though double rifles were rare, since they were custom-built, they came in a bewildering variety of cartridge chamberings. The most popular were the Jeffery rounds (.333, .400, .475, and .500), the Rigbys (.350 and .416), and the "true" Express rounds used in the Holland & Holland rifles (.470, .577, and .600). As for the "Nitro Express" name, that indicated a cartridge loaded with smokeless ("nitro") powder; the earlier "Express" rounds were loaded with black powder. The Nitro cases were deliberately made about half-an-inch longer than the black powder Express cases, to prevent anyone loading a Nitro Express round into a black powder Express rifle by accident; it was an almost 100% guarantee of a burst barrel and/or breech.
- Unusual development: Bolt-action double-rifles were manufactured by Fuchs Fine Guns after Hungarian hunter Joseph Szescei had a nasty encounter with three unruly elephants and a jammed-shut break-action double-rifle. Thankfully for the hunter, his gun-bearer threw him a spare weapon so he could save himself from being trampled to death.
Films — Live-Action
- As stated above, a great many films featuring a Great White Hunter will have him using a high-caliber double rifle to take down his quarry. Examples include The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, The Ghost and the Darkness and White Hunter, Black Heart
- In the climax of Skyfall, Bond carries his father's double rifle, an Anderson Wheeler in .500 Nitro Express.
- Roland Tembo brings with him a .600 Nitro Express double rifle to bag the biggest game of all, a T. rex in The Lost World He almost gets his chance when a T. rex begins attacking the hunter's camp, until he discovers Nick Van Owen sabotaged his rifle. The rifle in question was a B. Searcy & Co. custom rifle made specifically for the movie (and currently owned by Steven Spielberg).
- A couple are given to Earl and Grady by Burt Gummer in Tremors 2: Aftershocks. Chambered in .375 H&H Mag, Burt warns the two on proper usage of the rifles.Burt: Hold 'em good and tight to your shoulder, or they'll break your collarbone.
- Shows up often in Sandokan. The author, following the Italian use of his time, normally calls them 'carbines', but the description makes it clear they're double rifles.
- In Eternal Darkness, Dr. Rovias fights off the servants of the Eldritch Abomination of your choice with a .500 Nitro double rifle. If you steady it first, it throws him far off-balance. If you fire it too soon, it knocks him on his ass.
- A double rifle appears in Far Cry 4 as the ".700 Nitro", though the actual size of the rounds loaded into it appear to be the slightly smaller .600 Nitro Express. It has tremendous recoil, which can make aiming difficult, fires only two shots and takes a long time to reload, but it is guaranteed to kill almost anything in the game in one hit and has ridiculous penetration on top of that allowing one to even take out helicopters in one shot by shooting the pilot. It can be customized with low-magnification electronic optics to make aiming easier. DLC also adds a rather ornate Signature version called the "Elephant Gun", which doesn't get optics but does get a faster reload and even better damage.
- One appears in BioShock 2's multiplayer mode as the "Elephant Gun", where it serves as a sniping weapon.
- A double rifle was added to Red Dead Online with the Naturalist update.
The Evans Repeating Rifle is an unusual lever-action rifle designed in 1868 by Maine dentist Warren R. Evans and his brother George.
The primary claim to fame for this repeater is its abnormal capacity for the 19th-century; depending on the exact model, it can hold either twenty-eight or thirty-four rounds using an integral helical tube magazine housed inside the stock. The rounds are arranged into four columns using a central divider, as the magazine is not spring-loaded, and working the action rotates the divider and chambers a round.
The short-lived Evans Repeating Rifle Company marketed it to the US Army, as Warren believed they would be interested in his design. When they rejected it after it failed a dust test, he instead turned to the civilian market. While it received praise from the likes of Kit Carson and Buffalo Bill, there were numerous problems with the Evans beyond its vulnerability to dust, some of which included the use of the proprietary .44 Evans round (which has Long and Short variants on top of that) and the magazine being a nightmare to fully load.
In the end, no more than 15,000 of these rifles were manufactured and the Evans Repeating Rifle Company went out-of-business in December 1879.
- The Evans is the Weapon of Choice for Joe Gill in Crossfire Trail. In his words, "it holds twenty-eight rounds, and I ain't a very good shot."
- The Evans Repeating Rifle makes an appearance in Red Dead Redemption as the "Evans Repeater". It was modeled after the carbine variant of the new model and underloaded to twenty-two rounds, presumably for balancing purposes.
- It returns in Red Dead Redemption II with the Red Dead Online Beta Update. This time around, its capacity was bumped up to a still-underloaded twenty-six rounds.
The Fedorov Avtomat (Fyodorov's assault rifle) was a Russian select-fire rifle, designed by Vladimir Grigoryevich Fyodorov in 1915 and produced in the Russian Empire and later the Soviet Union.
Fyodovorv had been working on developing an automatic rifle, but noted that the 7.62x54mmR rifle round was not suited for automatic fire due to its heavy recoil. Figuring a smaller round would work better, he developed his own 6.5mm round, which was less powerful than the 7.62x54mmR, but had much lower recoil. In 1913, he submitted a prototype, chambered in his 6.5mm round, and fed by a fixed magazine loaded with stripper clips.
In 1915, Fyodorov was deployed to France as a military observer. While there, he had the opportunity to observe the French Chauchat light machine gun and its aggressively-minded doctrine of marching fire. Inspired, he decided to design a rifle with firepower intermediate between a regular rifle and a light machine gun, but in a package similar in size to that of a regular infantry rifle.
After returning to Russia, he modified his prototype, adding select-fire capability, and replacing the fixed magazine with a detachable box magazine. Production of his 6.5mm round was not considered practical, so the weapon was instead chambered in the Japanese 6.5x50mm Arisaka roundnote . 25,000 were ordered, but production was quickly disrupted due to the Russian Revolution and later Civil War. In the end, only about 3,200 were built, seeing service briefly in World War I and the Russian Civil War. In 1925, the rifles were put into storage, but were pulled out again during the Winter War in 1939, and later World War II.
The Fedorov Avtomat is a select-fire short-recoil operated locked-breech weapon which fires from a closed bolt. It is fed by a detachable 25-round box magazine, though each individual gun's magazine was not meant to be interchangeable, so in practice, only a single magazine was issued for each weapon, with rounds being loaded via 5-round stripper clips through the receiver. It weighed 11 pounds when fully loaded, about half the weight of comparable automatic rifles of the time, like the Chauchat and BAR. It had a few issues; early production versions did not have interchangeable parts, it tended to overheat with automatic fire, and it was a rather complex weapon to disassemble and assemble. Some later experimental batches of the rifle were fitted with water jackets (or perforated sheet steel shrouds) and a bipod in order to provide the Red Army with light machine guns. Other batches of rifles were flipped upside-down, stripped of their butt-stocks, and given pan magazines to provide machine guns to light tanks as water-cooled heavy machine guns like the PM1910 were too awkward to fit into the small vehicles.
Some consider the Fedorov Avtomat to be one of the first practical "assault" rifles. While the Russian word "avtomat" today refers to assault rifles, in the past it was a generic term for automatic rifles in general. The Fedorov Avtomat's classification depends on whether one wishes to classify the 6.5x50mm Arisaka as an intermediate or full-power rifle round. But whatever the definition, Fyodorov's work left quite the impression on one of his students, Vasily Degtyaryov, who tried to make his own rifles based on the teacher's designs, except that Degtyaryov's rifles were gas-operated. Degtyaryov's rifles were failures, but his work on machine guns speaks for itself.
- Appears as a usable weapon in Deadfall Adventures.
- This weapon was added to Battlefield 1 as part of the ''In the Name of the Tsar" DLC for Medics.
- Added to Call of Duty: WWII as the "Automaton", part of the Days of Summer event. Call of Duty: Vanguard would bring it back as the "Automaton", with a number of customizations available.
A bizarre British seven-barreled muzzle-loaded flintlock rifle designed in 1779 by James Wilson and manufactured by Henry Nock (hence the name of the weapon). It consists of seven barrels welded together, with small vents drilled through from the central barrel to the other six barrels clustered around it. The central barrel screwed onto a hollow spigot which formed the chamber and was connected to the vent. When fired, the flintlock mechanism ignites all seven charges at once, firing seven shots more or less simultaneously. The weapon was adopted by the Royal Navy to arm sailors in the rigging of warships, with the theory being that the simultaneous discharge of seven barrels would have devastating effect on the tightly packed groups of enemy sailors.
In practice, however, it was Awesome, but Impractical. As you'd expect, the weapon was heavy, took a extremely long time to reload, and the recoil of firing seven bullets at once was monstrous, often dislocating or breaking the shoulders of the shooter and making it very difficult to aim and control. Orders were to load the gun with only a half-charge, which bought the recoil under control but made the weapon useless for its intended purpose. In the heat of battle it was also not unknown for sailors to forget which barrels had powder in them, making it very easy to accidentally double-load the gun, a problem compounded by one or more barrels frequently failing to fire. Officers were also reluctant to issue the guns during battle due to the fear that the flying sparks from the muzzle blast would set fire to the surrounding rigging and sails, and it greatly increased the risk of snipers being knocked off the rigging by the recoil and plunging to the deck. A smaller, lighter version was eventually produced, which shortened the gun's range, but the recoil was still too powerful for sailors to feel comfortable firing it.
In total, 655 Nock guns were purchased, with them being removed from service with the Royal Navy in 1804. A number of them were also sold in the sporting market, with a 14-barrel version being sold to Thomas Thornton which survives now in display at the Curtius Museum in Belgium.
Anime & Manga
- Rengoku wields a scaled-up Nock gun in the Inuyasha episode "Vanished in a River of Flames". It's anachronistic for the 16th century setting of the scene.
Films — Live Action
- Famously wielded by Jim Bowie as his weapon of choice in The Alamo (1960), taking out multiple Mexican soldiers in one shot with it.
- Used by Patrick Harper as his weapon of choice in the Sharpe series.
- Henry Sturgess offers one to Abraham Lincoln in Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter, telling him that "If one barrel won't do, seven should".
- Aubrey's men wield them in Master and Commander during the siege of the Acheron.
- A townsperson in My Name is Bruce takes one from Frank's shop before the hunt.
- A tripod-mounted Nock gun is seen in Brad Whitaker's weapon collection in The Living Daylights.
- Seen as part of Smith's armory in Jonah Hex.
- Like in the films, Patrick Harper wields a Nock gun as his weapon of choice in Sharpe.
- William F. "Billy" Cody picks one up from a weapons crate in the Pilot of The Young Riders, and all of the Boys eventually use them at the end.
- A modern version of the Nock Gun was custom built in an episode of American Guns.
- Seen in Proctor's illegal weapons arsenal in the Banshee episode "Evil for Evil".
- Macgruder wields a Nock gun in his final boss fight in GUN, with Colton being able to use it himself after the ending of the game. It is incorrectly depicted as a shotgun that fires each shot one at a time. A cannon ball-firing variant called the Cannon Nock Gun can also be unlocked as an Bragging Rights Reward for 100% completion of the game.
- Appears as the Nock Volley in Days Gone, where it is incorrectly depicted as a breech-loading break-action shotgun that reloads with a revolver-style speedloader, though it does fire all seven barrels at once.
The rifle was a straight-pull bolt action, which allows for a quicker cycle time between rounds than even the famously-fast Enfield. The rifle can also be disassembled more easily. It balanced nicely and was very comfortable to shoot, and was praised for its exceptional accuracy.
However, much of the infamy for this rifle became more apparent thanks to the conditions of trench warfare, which made the Mk. III that was used in the war an unreliable weapon to use. The straight-pull bolt used set of six small and easily fouled locking lugsalmost like the interrupted threads commonly used in artillery breechblocksto safely lock the action, which makes the rifle jam with even the slightest hint of dirtnote . Upon encountering difficulty opening the bolt of a dirty Ross, Canadian soldiers often resorted to stomping on the bolt handle, which bent the thin lugs, making the problem progressively worse until the bolt wouldn't cycle at all. And even if you were to clean it, it's possible to reassemble the rifle with the bolt head facing the wrong direction. When reassembled like this, the bolt would close, but not lock - but the rifle could still be fired, sending the bolt backwards with great force, not necessarily throwing the bolt out of the rifle entirely but still smashing something rather delicate along its path if the soldier was using the sights. Late variants added a safety rivet to the bolt to physically prevent it from being assembled incorrectly, though this had the unfortunate side-effect of making disassembly harder. Many of these flaws were not corrected due to politics- Sam Hughes, at the time Defense Minister of Canada and personal friend to Sir Charles Ross, overstated the rifle's capabilities, downplayed its problems, and obstructed efforts (including some from Ross himself) to correct its problemseventually leading to a scandal that threw him out of office. With Hughes out, corrections were applied that finally made the Ross a serviceable fighting rifle, but the weapon's reputation was irreparably tarnished in Canada, and Britain finally had enough SMLEs to share.
When the decision was made for the rifle to be replaced with the Lee-Enfield in 1916, many Canadians made the switch without any second thought: one Canadian Lieutenant commented that it sometimes took five men to keep one rifle in action, while a Major described the weapon as "contemptible." The Ross rifle nevertheless saw some service in World War II as well, though mostly in the Canadian Navy, British Home Guard, or any branch that wasn't in the frontline. It was also the official rifle of Latvia, which saw usage during the Latvian War of Independence from 1918 to 1920, and the Soviet Union had acquired many of these rifles to use as target rifles.
While not rare in the conventional sense (wartime production alone was about 420,000 rifles) it was very quickly pulled from frontline service and issued instead as a training rifle for basic marksmanship, where its flaws were less apparent and its use there freed up more battle-worthy Lee-Enfield rifles for the front lines. Despite how it was hated by the common soldier, snipers had taken a liking for this weapon, as, being designed as a target rifle rather than a military one, it was also a fair bit more accurate at range than the Lee-Enfield. The fact that many snipers were in more ideal conditions and better-trained in disassembly and cleaning meant they wouldn't have to worry about immediate combat or incorrectly reassembling the weapon that much. Even though the Ross did horribly as a military rifle, it was popular as a sporting and hunting rifle during peace time before and after the war with models chambered in the .280 Ross cartridge, the first practical cartridge to come close to reaching a muzzle velocity of 3,000 feet/910 meters per second.
Midway through the war, Joseph Alphonse Huot of Quebec's Dominion Rifle Factory had taken the liberty of designing a light machine gun from the leftover Ross rifles, simply called the Huot Automatic Rifle. The result was a rather decent and effective weapon, which had undergone many improvements. However, by the time it was ready, the war had already ended, and unlike the Thompson SMG, which overcame this exact same setback by simply entering the civilian market and making history, the Huot was forgotten by time.
Even before Huot, Sir Charles Ross had been asked to make an automatic rifle by the British War Office in 1913. His submission shared the bolt and part of the receiver of a MkIII Ross Rifle. He would try again in 1915 with a design that shared a lot more parts with the standard rifle.
It should also be noted that the version used in WWI was the improved version. When the original MkI was issued to the Royal Northwest Mounted Police, they found 113 defects bad enough to warrant outright rejection just during the initial inspection, before they had even bothered doing actual testing. One of these defects was that the bolt lock was so poorly designed that the bolt had a tendency to just fall out of the gun. The number of changes it underwent by the time of WWI meant that the MkIII had almost no interchangeable parts with any of the previous versions.
Not surprisingly, the Canadian Army was a bit too willing to share the Ross with the US Army (if only to get rid of it) when it turned out that the Americans didn't have a rifle for every newly drafted soldier. The highest praise that an American recruit could give the Ross rifle was that parading with it looked less stupid than parading with a broomsticknote , since the Ross could have a bayonet fixed to it.
Films — Live-Action
- Clint Eastwood's character in western film Joe Kidd used a customized Ross Rifle to escape from some bounty hunters.
- The 1931 Soviet film Sniper has Russian troops use this rifle for some reason,note alongside their Mosin-Nagants during World War One.
- A Canadian made for TV movie called A Bear Named Winnie had some soldiers training with the Ross rifle. One soldier voiced his complaints about the Ross' flaws before the General snaps, grabs the soldier's rifle, and madly proclaims the rifle the best in the world.
- One of the IRA soldiers in the "Easter Rising" scene of Michael Collins drops one of these while surrendering.
- The Ross Rifle is issued to Canadian troops in Verdun's Horrors of War expansion pack.
- Battlefield 1 allows you to get your hands on the Huot Automatic Rifle. Despite only five of them ever existing, and only used in experimenting. The Ross Mk.III would later appear, in marksman/sniper configuration, as part of the Apocalypse DLC with an infantry version coming in a later update. It also makes an appearance in Battlefield V.
- While it's built off a Mosin Nagant, the Mosin Nagant Avtomat from Hunt: Showdown takes heavy inspiration from the Huot Rifle.
- The Allied Forces Rifle DLC for Sniper Elite 4 allows you to get your hands on the Ross Rifle. Fortunately there are no muddy trenches for you to worry about.