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  • Early-Bird Cameo:
    • Nami, introduced during the Buggy arc in the manga, appeared in the first episode of the anime, even before main character Luffy.
    • One of the Alabasta Arc Filler episodes attempted to foreshadow the Poneglyphs by having several of the Straw Hats accidentally stumble onto one in the middle of the desert (and have no clue what it is). Unfortunately, this created a Continuity Snarl several dozen arcs down the line, when Oda finally got around to explaining that there were a very finite amount of the things.
  • Early Installment Weirdness:
    • The two prototype versions of "Romance Dawn" are markedly different from the final version of One Piece. For one thing, adventurous pirates are called Peace Mains, and raping-and-pillaging pirates are called Morganeers. There's also a conspicuous lack of Calling Your Attacks, and Luffy was apparently much smarter than the final version.
    • Given the manga was only supposed to run for 5 years before Oda expanded the story, this was bound to happen. In the beginning, the Grand Line was a crazy, mysterious ocean barely anyone could survive. Later, it's established not only that plenty of perfectly normal people are native to the Grand Line, but pretty much any pirate worth his salt can navigate it. Then, it turns out there's a previously unheard of second half to the Grand Line known as the New World, while the "crazy mysterious" first half is now known as Paradise.
    • Laugh Tale was originally called Raftel in English before its meaning was revealed, and it was implied to simply be at the end of the Grand Line with only Gol D. Roger-level pirates able to reach it. Post time-skip, it's revealed that reaching Laugh Tale isn't just following the Grand Line to the end, but is somehow impossible to find without the Road Poneglyphs to create a map.
    • At the beginning of the series, the very existence of Devil Fruits were questioned and doubted by characters. Some of whom had never heard of them, some of whom didn’t believe in them at all. They were at least considered a myth. As the story progressed, it has been shown that there are many prominent people with Devil Fruit powers, some of whom are high-ranking members of the government/military. And in a world of famous pirates, many of the most powerful and well-known have Devil Fruit powers as well. The idea that people don’t know they exist, seems impossible. Now, the encounter rate for a Devil Fruit user may be low outside of the Grand Line. It might be very unlikely that most people would meet a Devil Fruit user. But it makes sense that they would’ve heard of Aokiji for example, and his amazing ice powers. Especially in a world where cameras and telephones exist. The story also shows us that information about serious events are capable of spreading fairly easily. For example, everyone who the Straw Hats had met up until that point in the story, read about the events in Marineford. But even before Marineford, it should’ve been impossible to keep a secret about a man who can turn into a giant Buddha statue. Everyone would know. As the series progressed, the idea of Devil Fruits as a myth or well kept secret, has steadily eroded away.
      • Alvida was the first person to make the claim that Devil Fruits were a myth, however she managed to find and consume a Devil Fruit in no more than A WEEK of meeting Luffy, and didn't even go to the Grand Line to do it. Which means somewhere between getting punched into the sky, and meeting up with Buggy, she just HAPPENED to stumble across a "super rare" Devil Fruit.
      • Buggy's backstory. The pirate crew he was in as a boy wasn't sure Devil Fruits existed and he was even able to get away with stealing one by eating a fake and pretending it didn't do anything and Devil Fruits themselves were a myth. The dubiousness of that besides, given how common Devil Fruits became later on, we eventually learned that said crew was that of the Oro Jackson, aka Gol D. Roger's pirate crew, a group that should have been encountering Devil Fruit users left and right. But then again, who said they were already in the Grand Line during the flashback, and plus, it should be over 24 years before the present time, so these factors justify this example a little bit.
      • A retcon about Sanji also included an extra tidbit about availability of information on Devil knowledge. When he first met Luffy and the others, he was as naive about Devil Fruits and their effects as most of the other characters in the beginning. Zeff even had to tell him that Devil Fruit users can’t swim. Later once Devil Fruits are established more commonly in the series, Sanji is retconned to having not only have known about Devil Fruits, but have an intimate knowledge of them thanks to a book he read! Meaning that Devil Fruits are so common as to have their own reference materials in the world of One Piece, making the earlier examples of people doubting their existence even weirder.
      • The taste of Devil Fruits themselves. Nowadays, they're universally treated as tasting disgusting, but in the early chapters, they were treated as tasting mediocre at worst. When a young Luffy ate the Gum-Gum Fruit, he had no real issues with eating it, simply telling Shank's crew that it didn't taste that good. And when a young Buggy accidentally ate the Chop-Chop Fruit, he had no reaction to its taste whatsoever (though in the latter's case, it's possible that since he swallowed it whole, he didn't even have a chance to taste it).
    • Luffy's fight with Zoro at Whiskey Peak. It's been made clear lately that Luffy would do anything to protect his crew and he believes in them completely, so it seems kind of odd now that he instantly attacked Zoro for supposedly killing a bunch of strangers who fed them (who were actually assassins) without even asking him about it first.
    • The death of the often forgotten minor character Pudding Pudding in the Arlong Park Arc. Considering an equally unimportant guy like Caribou from the Fish-Man Island Arc can survive having his ship destroyed at the bottom of the ocean, it's kind of odd that Arlong was actually allowed to kill Pudding Pudding (in similar fashion as Caribou to boot, since he sent his ship to the bottom of the sea).
    • When a type of power called “Haki” got introduced in the series, said power presented itself as more of a concept with little to no visual cues whenever a character used it, as the series progressed Haki became a standard ability for any self-respecting strong individual in the New World and more visible effects started being attributed to the several forms on Haki usage: Color of Armament (makes the person physically stronger) has the user coating their bodies with a black metallic second skin, Color of Observation (makes the person very agile, with great perception and great sight) shows the user’s eyes often glowing upon activation, Color of the Conqueror (mysterious form with several unknown properties, albeit an obvious one is overpowering will) shows a monochrome blast being activated and when users of the same ability clash, a black lightning shock will surge. The original usage of Conquerors Haki by Shanks was also different, it showed the Sea King get scared and run away while later victims were knocked out completely. Observation Haki originally had seeing glimpses of the future as a normal thing, with Luffy displaying this in Marineford before he even knew what Haki was, but this is later said to be an extremely advanced and rare technique.
      • Speaking of Haki, Ace being shocked that Teach can touch him now comes across as this because it's since been revealed to be a common thing in the New World for people to be able to touch Logia Fruit users using Haki and Teach is an experienced New World pirate. The point is further hammered home by Teach commenting that Ace is probably not used to his enemies being able to hit him. The Ace novels makes it even weirder since they establish Ace himself developed Armament Haki to fight Vice Admiral Draw. There's also no indication Ace could use Haki at the time since he didn't even try to use it on Blackbeard, opting to fight with his Devil Fruit exclusively.
      • Haki also goes from a rare and mysterious ability to something basically everyone in the New World can use (except Conqueror's Haki), which makes it all the weirder that New World level characters who appeared before the timeskip didn't seem to use it. Mihawk, Doflamingo, Jimbei, Ace, and some Marines who were all later confirmed to be Haki users never displayed any of its abilities pre-timeskip despite later showing to be high level users, while Crocodile and Moria, warlords supposedly among the strongest and most infamous Pirates not connected to the Four Emperors, suddenly seem like small potatoes compared to virtually all the New World characters since both are shown to be incapable of using even basic Haki.
    • Big Mom. When she was first introduced (in Fish-Man Island, not her silhouette) looked almost like a cephalopod, had acidic saliva, and was seen casually eating a member of her crew, but when she was formally introduced she not only looked completely different, the saliva thing was gone and she was specifically shown to consume others lifespan with her Soul-Soul Fruit rather than eat them literally. Her personality also changed, as on Fish-Man Island she was intrigued or even impressed by Luffy challenging her, and agreed to shift the islands debt to him, but by the time Tottoland came about she had displayed absolutely none of this honorable behavior, being a bat-shit crazy loon who dismissed Luffy as basically nothing and was enraged that he and the Sanji retrieval team would dare oppose her.
      • The first of the Big Mom Pirates to appear such as Bobbin, Pekoms, and Tomago, were not connected to Big Mom outside of being her subordinates despite calling her "mama", while basically every other member of the crew introduced after was either her biological child or a homie created from her power.
    • Kaido was first introduced as a Death Seeker who made a hobby of attempting to kill himself simply to see if he can be killed, traveling to a sky island just to jump off. Later, he's shown to remain in Wano and no mention of his death wish has been made since.
      • Kaido was also a LOT bigger when introduced, appearing roughly as big or bigger than an Elbaf giant. Later, his height is comparable to Big Mom and he's actually shown to be a hair shorter than Gecko Moria, who's only about knee high to an actual giant.
  • Easily Distracted Referee: The Groggy Ring, to the point where the ref, who was a Foxy pirate, decided to do his stretching exercises while Foxy's Groggy Monsters pulled out everything from giant clubs to sword-soled shoes.
  • Easily Forgiven:
    • Nami didn't exactly believe Hatchan when he said he changed his ways at first, either, though she still treated him pretty decently since she knows from experience that he was the least evil and most pathetic of Arlong's crew. Averted quite nicely for everyone, even Usopp, for the most part; in this series, the good guys aren't unreasonable, but if you throw yourself on their mercy, be damn sure you deserve it.
    • Played with in regards to Nami and Jimbei. The latter apologizes to her for indirectly allowing Arlong to terrorize her hometown and was willing to accept punishment for what he had done. However Nami stopped him and said it was Arlong that she will not forgive and she doesn't harbor any hate towards him or any other Fish-men.
    • Played straight with Sanji, in the Whole Cake Island Arc, once the Straw Hats find he was being manipulated against his will to be a jerkass so as not hurt them.
  • Eating the Enemy:
  • Eat the Dog:
    • Sanji has joked that Chopper should be emergency rations. The first time they met, Sanji started reciting recipes for venison.
    • In an OVA, Luffy and Sanji, while recuperating from injuries, get hungry and really try to eat Chopper.
    • In the Crossover with Toriko, this is Toriko's first thought upon meeting Chopper, although he thankfully changes his mind upon realizing that Chopper is a Talking Animal.
  • Egging: In the early times, Usopp sometimes launches eggs from his slingshot (he called it "Egg Star/Tamagoboshi") to distract enemies.
  • Egocentric Team Naming: The group of pirates the series follows is called the Straw Hat Pirates, even though Luffy, the captain, is the only one who wears a straw hat. This goes for most other pirates, who are either named after the captain (Whitebeard Pirates, Kid Pirates, Buggy Pirates) or an attribute of the captain that no other crewmember has (Spade Pirates, Red-Haired Pirates, Firetank Pirates). Less often, a pirate crew has a name that actually covers the whole crew rather than just the captain.
  • Eldritch Abomination:
    • The Lily Carnation's true form from Movie 6, Baron Omatsuri and the Secret Island. Imagine a cross between a fleshy version of Exdeath's tree form and a mishmash of the pre-Water 7 Straw Hat crew (Minus Luffy). Though it was more likely because of his crew's fate than what it actually looked like, even Luffy was terrified of this thing.
    • Possibly that thing at the end of the Thriller Bark arc. To put it in perspective, Thriller Bark is the largest pirate ship in the world, the size of an island. This thing made it look minuscule in comparison.
  • Eldritch Location: The Grand Line, particularly the New World, has various locations that pretty much throw the laws of physics out the port hole.
  • Elegant Gothic Lolita: Perona.
  • Elemental Rock–Paper–Scissors: Used a few times when fighting Logias are concerned. Crocodile can't dissolve into sand if he's wet, Eneru's lightning has no effect on Luffy's rubber body, fire ties with smoke, and Akainu can punch through Ace's stomach because his lava is hotter than Ace's flames.
  • Elemental Shapeshifter: The Logia Devil Fruit users. Though it's not just limited to the classical elements from various mythological traditions such as Fire, Earth, Air, Water, Spirit, Void, Wood, Metal but also includes anything that comes from nature (e.g. smoke, sand, magma, lightning, etc.) However, not all Logia users turn into things that come from nature; the movie character Gasparde, for example, is a Logia user that turns into candy syrup. Then there's Logia user Simon, the Big Bad of a videogame, who turns into sheets of paper.
  • Elemental Tiers: Some Devil Fruits are simply more powerful version of the ones previously introduced, but the most notable case is how Magu Magu no Mi outclasses Mera Mera no Mi.
  • Elite Four:
    • The Donquixote Pirates have this built into their organization structure; they have four top executives that answer directly to the captain Doflamingo, and each top executives handles different matters and has 3-4 lower-ranked execs under their command. The four are named after the card suits: Diamante (diamond), Trebol (club), Pica (spade), and Corazon (heart), with Doflamingo using "Joker" as his alias.
    • Eneru's Four Heavenly Priests, all of which are trained warriors who test the strength of strangers who dare to come to the Upper Yard.
    • The Four Pirate Emperors, the most monstrously powerful beings in the series.
  • Elseworld:
    • The various omakes released with the data books often take this route. So far, they've portrayed the Straw Hats as middle-aged housewives, mythological creatures, members of The Mafia, fairy tale characters, and even parodies of the classic American superhero.
    • Several anime fillers seem to run in an alternate timeline with the characters being put into a Feudal Japan setting.
  • Empathic Environment: The arrival of a huge wave causes several background characters to smash into the ground when Luffy makes the ridiculously ballsy announcement that he'll be commandeering a Galley-La ship in the Water 7 arc.
  • Empowered Badass Normal:
    • Kaku and Kalifa, who were already top assassins and spies before being given Devil Fruits to eat.
    • Zoro, Sanji, and Usopp, who were introduced as standard Badass Normals reach this level upon attaining the power of Haki. This puts them on much more even footing against Devil Fruit users and other Haki users.
    • Ace was already a formidable fighter, being able to defeat the Devil Fruit-empowered Luffy before going out to sea. At some point while at sea, he ate the Flame-Flame Fruit and became even more powerful.
    • Sabo is a fierce hand to hand combatant and also gained mastery of Haki, then comes the Dressrosa arc where on top of that he adds the power of the Flame-Flame Fruit.
  • Ending Theme: Averted as of Season 7 of the anime. The credits are instead added to the openings, which are now 2:30 long.
  • End of an Age: Seems to have happened with the conclusion of the Marineford Arc. A "new era", foreshadowed for some time, has come to pass; but whether it means the end of dreams or the dawn of dreams remains to be seen.
  • The End of the World as We Know It: Whitebeard's powers, which involve creating earthquakes that can conjure massive tsunamis and shatter islands, could cause this due to the One Piece world being one gigantic ocean with a few islands here and there. Now that the power is in the hands of Blackbeard, the threat is much worse considering how he is much less morally conscious than Whitebeard was and has far less control over it.
  • The End... Or Is It?:
    • The Thriller Bark arc ends with the Rolling Pirates sailing out of the Florian Triangle celebrating Moria's defeat and the destruction of his zombie army by the Straw Hat Pirates. The Florian Triangle is safe for ships again right? Cue an enormous fucking silhouette of a scary-ass monster-thing (with red-eyes and sharp teeth), appearing in the fog behind their ship...
    • In an anime-only moment, Law and Kid's fight with the Pacifista, which isn't shown in the manga, ends with them finally smashing it into the ground. Then its eyes light up and it just stands up again as if nothing had happened. Oh, Crap!.
  • Enemy Civil War: Implied that it's precisely this that maintains the tenuous Balance of Power. Lack of unity is the only thing that keeps the Four Emperors from becoming an even greater threat than they are already, though this can also apply to a lesser extent to the Marines and the Seven Warlords of the Sea (and even amongst the Warlords themselves).
    • The Marines are the faction with the greatest unity, following the rule of "Absolute Justice". However, it's clear that some of the officers don't give a crap about justice and just want the perks that come with their power. And then there are those that only follow their own personal brand of "Justice".
  • Enemy Mine:
    • Pretty much the entire Impel Down and Marineford arcs, where Luffy has teamed with Buggy the Clown, Mr. 3, Crocodile, and Mr. 1. Not that it helped him.
    • Post-timeskip, Caribou gets on their ship while fighting a kraken and decides to help the crew by suggesting Luffy, Zoro, and Sanji coat themselves with bubble when Luffy refused to escape. The reason for that is simply survival, as he betrays them right after the threat passed.
    • On Punk Hazard, Luffy enters into an alliance with Trafalgar Law, who had done a "Freaky Friday" Flip on several members of his crew mere chapters earlier. Luffy doesn't really see it this way, though; he thinks Law is a stand-up fellow regardless of the mishap (which he found absolutely hilarious). The rest of his crew sees it for what it is. It doesn't take too long for the "enemy" part to be dropped, though; by the climax of Dressrosa, Luffy and Law are friends for real, making their alliance a much more solid, amicable version of this than usual.
    • On Punk Hazard, the Straw Hats and Law have to form a temporary alliance with the G-5 Marines to save the children kidnapped by Caesar Clown and escape the island safely.
    • To a certain degree, the Dressrosa arc has this happen combined with Fire-Forged Friends with all of the Colosseum fighters teaming up to help stop Doflamingo, especially after the Straw Hats save them from being toys.
    • The end of Dressrosa reveals that Eustass Kid, Basil Hawkins, and Scratchmen Apoo and their crews have formed a pirate alliance to take down Shanks. The Wano arc, though, reveals that this didn't last very long before falling apart, as Apoo was The Mole for Kaido the whole time and screwed the other two over, and then Hawkins agreed to work for Kaido to save his own life while Kid refused to submit and was defeated and captured.
    • Luffy has a more genuine example of this in Tottoland with another Worst Generation member, Capone Bege. The two parties are reluctant and not fond of each other, since Luffy is mad at Bege for shooting Pekoms and none of the crew trusts him, while Bege is wary of the Straw Hats' general Wild Card status, but they both want to ruin the wedding ceremony Big Mom is putting on (the Straw Hats want to save Sanji, the Firetanks want to assassinate Big Mom). While they definitely bicker a lot and don't become friends after the alliance ends, they don't betray each other either and even work together pretty well, and at least part on reasonably good terms.
    • One of world-shattering proportions forms in the Wano arc between Kaido and Big Mom. After battling with each other for a while, they calm down and decide to work together to find One Piece and Take Over the World, reasoning that they can always go back to trying to kill each other once they've succeeded.
  • Energy Weapon:
    • The Sunny's Gaon Cannon (though technically it's a focused pressure wave), Bartholomew Kuma's mouth weapon, and Admiral Kizaru, who can do this with any part of his body.
    • Franky himself gets one after the Time Skip.
  • Engineered Public Confession: After accidentally pressing the gold den den mushi, Spandam brings out the other one that he meant to press. Without turning it off, he ends up telling everyone on the island that he thinks their lives are worthless. No one is amused, even less when he pretends that it's Luffy who was talking and not him.
  • Entertainingly Wrong:
    • The reason Ivankov agreed to break out of Impel Down and help Luffy rescue Ace is because, having learned that Luffy was the son of the mysterious Dragon, logically assumed the same to be true of Ace, as well.
    • Chopper's hunt for the amiudake mushroom in his flashback resulted from Dr. Hiriluk teaching Chopper to associate the skull-and-crossbones with the indomitable spirit of pirates instead of with poison.
  • The Epic: AND HOW! The manga premiered August 16, 1997 and was planned for just five years. It's taken nearly 600 chapters to just reach what could be considered the middle of the story. Oda has said that while he originally planned for the series to last 5 years, he enjoyed writing and drawing it so much that he changed his plans.
  • Equal-Opportunity Evil: In Baroque Works, Crocodile had hired a black man, a flamboyant transvestite, old people, and every male member of his team has a completely equal female partner, including himself. Sure he may be evil, but at least he isn't prejudiced! Well, the transvestite doesn't have a partner. He considered himself his own partner in that regard.
  • Establishing Character Moment:
    • Shanks literally begun the manga as a goofball while not caring when one of the small-timers pretty much insulted him. But, when he went after Luffy, Shanks literally scared the Sea Monster into submissiveness and let the small-timer die as a punishment for harming a kid, while not flinching and comforting a young Luffy even when his own arm was eaten off.
    • Commander "Sorry kid. Looks like my pants ate your ice cream" Smoker, in his Pet the Dog moment with a little girl before giving her a handful of cash to buy another ice cream.
    • Luffy's appearance in both the manga and anime defines his personality and approach towards life. In the manga, as a child, he gives himself a scar on the cheek to show how tough he is and smiling about it afterwards. The anime has Luffy bursting out a barrel and cheerfully exclaiming what a nice nap he had.
    • Zoro's first appearance is being tied to a pole, starving for more than a week because he killed a Marine's pet wolf to protect a little girl. He later eats said little girl's rice ball, despite it being stepped on and the girl adding too much sugar into it, and asks Luffy to tell her that it tastes good.
    • The first thing Admiral Akainu does on-screen is blow up a ship of evacuees that the Marines promised to spare, with the justification that there was a slim chance that a criminal may be aboard. And this was in Robin's backstory, twenty years ago.
    • Sanji is shown serving Fullbody and his date, while making advances towards the date. When Fullbody purposely spills the soup Sanji has made on the floor, Sanji beats him up as wasting food is Sanji's Berserk Button.
    • The first thing Dracule Mihawk, the world's greatest swordsman, does is cut a massive galleon into thirds.
    • Admiral Aokiji's first major act was freezing an entire ocean to let an old man cross to his people. His second act was letting the rest of the crew go in exchange for facing Luffy.
    • Admiral Kizaru's first act was going after the pirates who attacked a Celestial Dragon, but our first proper look at him has him ride in on a cannonball and ask some pirates if they've seen someone he's looking for.
    • Brook's first moment on screen is him singing what sounds like a creepy song, while apparently drinking tea. It is suitably disturbing.
    • Boa Hancock's first moment on screen is of her kicking a puppy.
    • Jimbei is in jail for refusing to fight Whitebeard.
    • Ace's is him asleep at the bar. Just as Luffy is prone to do.
    • Doflamingo's has him controlling the two Marine mooks in their own palace, not caring even when ordered to stand down.
    • Whitebeard's is him declaring to one of Shanks' mooks why it is futile to even challenge him, even featuring his famous Badass Boast, 'I AM WHITEBEARD!'
    • Ivankov's moment is him dancing on stage... to a room full of transvestites.
    • Noland is first shown through a children's storybook that depicts him as a weak and foolish liar who told tall tales to seem important. His appearance in an actual flashback shatters that idea to pieces when the first thing he does is singlehandedly kill a Sea King to solve his ship's ration shortage.
    • Admiral Fujitora's gets one in his second scene when he orders a subordinate to count the number of civilians in the coliseum, the city, and the country because "Before counting our enemies, shouldn't we count the number of people we have to protect?"
    • Kaido. His first act is to jump off a sky island, 10,000 meters in the air, crashing the alliance-party of three of the Supernovas, sinking one of their ships, and devastating the place, from the impact alone. He complains he didn't die, and declared his intent for war with Doflamingo, without even knowing of his predicament. He was bored.
    • Blackbeard makes his first actual appearance in a bar enjoying the cherry pie Luffy hates and hating the ale Luffy enjoys. They quickly take offense to each other's taste in food and try to have an impromptu eating contest. He later encourages Luffy to keep following his dreams because dreams never die. All of this foreshadows that he and Luffy aren't so different, but the ways they are different will be in very major ways.
    • Big Mom makes her debut by declaring her hunger for sweets, commenting that she burns down islands of those who do not give her what she wants, and eating several henchman.
  • Evasive Fight-Thread Episode: Happens multiple times in the Marineford arc.
  • Even Evil Has Standards:
    • When the pirate after Ace and Sabo's stolen treasure is beating 7 year old Luffy with spiked gloves, one of his subordinates begs him to stop, because even he thinks it's too cruel, and he can't bear to watch it.
    • Earlier on in the series, we're introduced to Captain Morgan's son Helmeppo, who is a spoiled, arrogant Jerkass and has no problem with bullying prisoners, lying to townspeople, and using his father's status to his advantage. He is genuinely horrified, though, when his dad orders him to kill a child. He gets a Heel–Face Turn later on.
    • Rob Lucci is all "wtf no" at Spandam beating up a helpless, restrained Robin.
    • It was revealed that Akainu spared Aokiji after emerging victorious from their death match over who would become the Fleet Admiral and the latter vehemently opposing the former's ideals and promotion. Jimbei lampshades this, noting that even Akainu couldn't face his previous ally without some sympathy.
    • The G-5 Marines are pretty nasty, torturing pirates just for fun. However, when they mistakenly assumed that Smoker was accusing them of covering up cases of children being kidnapped, even they were pissed off, saying that even though they were army rejects, they still had their pride as Marines.
    • Diamante doesn't have any love for Rebecca and is implied to have killed her mother but he won't tolerate a group of gladiators accusing Rebecca of cheating when she won her block within the rules.
    • While Kuzan (the eventual Admiral Aokiji) is fine with participating in a Buster Call that will obliterate an entire island to destroy all traces of the Oharan scholars research into the Void Century, Sakazuki (the eventual Admiral Akainu) destroying the evacuation ship carrying all the people meant to be spared from the attack on the grounds that a scholar might have sneaked on board disgusts him and he defends the Buster Call itself by saying it wasn't meant to go that far.
    • A Buster Call is supposed to destroy an island and kill everyone on it. However, when it's called on an island occupied by the Marines, like Enies Lobby, the warships will evacuate all Marine personnel before initiating it.
  • Even the Girls Want Her:
    • Alvida becomes much, much prettier thanks to the Devil Fruit she eats, getting a lot of characters to gaze at her.
    • Boa Hancock is considered World's Most Beautiful Woman, and she uses her "the target must lust for you" petrification attack successfully on snakes, snails, and cannonballs in mid-flight that immediately lose all forward momentum. She's also Easily Forgiven any time she does something morally questionable thanks to her beauty.
    • One of CP9's operatives, Kalifa, gets this reaction from Nami before their fight in Enies Lobby.
      Nami: She's so sexy! I want her as my secretary! Wait, what am I saying? I'm not an old man!
  • Even the Guys Want Him: "White Horse" Cavendish, the "Prince Pirate" and Captain of the Beautiful Pirates. Not only does he have women dropping at his feet, but he manages to attract the admiration of several male gladiators in the armory at Corrida Colosseum.
  • Everybody Knew Already: In Chapter 799, it's revealed that the many, though not all, of the citizens of Dressrosa were already aware of two major secrets: Rebecca's true parentage and the identities of the Tontatta. This is why they run interference when Fujitora is about to drop a city's worth of rubble on Luffy and his allies.
  • Everybody Lives: Oh, so much. Pretty much any character that has a name is unlikely to die, no matter what the circumstances are. Examples are plentiful with the Straw Hat Crew alone; were they not citizens living in a World of Badass, they would have died a VERY long time ago.
    • Examples of those not in the Straw Hat Crew include Buggy and Wapol, who survived being sent flying by Luffy so hard that they became Twinkles in the Sky (and have both made themselves very successful since); Arlong, who survived being beaten up by Luffy and buried beneath the rubble of a skyscraper (though he is now incarcerated); Dalton, who survived being shot with arrows and buried beneath an avalanche; Pagaya, Laki, Wyper, and Gan Fall, who survived being electrocuted with over a million volts each (and special credit to Wyper, who also survived using a Dangerous Forbidden Technique three times); and Spandam, who survived being smashed with an elephant and, oh yes, having his spine cracked until it snapped in two (though he was last seen in a full-body cast). Then, post-Time Skip, some of the more dramatic reveals include Bentham, a.k.a. Mr. 2 Bon Clay, who was last seen facing off alone against a group of armed guards and a man who had effortlessly sent Luffy to death's door several chapters prior. He somehow survives, and is currently living in a secret location in The Alcatraz unknown to the warden and guards; and Bellamy, who was last seen being punished in a seemingly fatal way by his boss, Donquixote Doflamingo. Four hundred and one chapters later, he's to be alive and well, albeit with a scar.
    • Pell deserves his own bullet. As a result of trying to carry away a giant Time Bomb, he survived being in the middle of an explosion that would've supposedly destroyed the entire country, or at least all the citizens fighting. So at the minimum he survived being in the middle of a Hydrogen level bomb. Which when you think about it, renders his selfless act kind of moot.
    • In what has to be the first exceptions ever, Ace and Whitebeard died on screen, thus changing everything forever, meaning that some people with names CAN die now.
      • And it's hammered home even more with the Punk Hazard arc, wherein one character dies by having her disembodied heart stabbed, another is chopped into pieces and blown up, and a third is poisoned to death.
      • And hammered further in the Whole Cake Island Arc, where there are 3 major deaths: Pedro, in virtue of his Heroic Sacrifice to let the Straw Hats escape Perospero's trap; Charlotte Opera, killed by Big Mom herself in her mad rampage; and , who was killed by Oven as a decoy to let Pez, Chiffon, and Bege live. Safe to say, Oda has learnt his lesson with Pell and done his best to avert this trope wherever he can.
      • Though this doesn’t mean he hasn’t stopped giving surprise reprieves. Pound is shown to be alive and well in Bege’s cover story.
  • Everything's Better with Dinosaurs: The island of Little Garden is populated with Dinosaurs and other prehistoric Creatures. Also the pirate Captain X. Drake, who can turn into an Allosaurus due to having eaten a rare Ancient Zoan type Devil Fruit.
  • Everyone Went to School Together: Chapter 957 reveals that three of the original Four Emperors were in the same pirate crew in their youth, known as the Rocks Pirates. They disbanded after Vice-Admiral Garp, allied with none other than Gold Roger himself fought them, and killed their captain: Rocks D. Xebec. They later went their separate ways, forming powerful crews of their own.
  • Everything's Deader with Zombies On Thriller Bark, we end up with zombies that are not only hilarious, but at one point do a dance number that needs to be seen to be believed.
  • Everything's Even Worse with Sharks:
    • Arlong, with Hodi Jones following in his example much later in the series.
    • Jimbei is a subversion. Unless you fuck with Whitebeard. Then it's definitely played straight.
    • Since one of Zoro's motifs is that of a shark, this trope applies to him.
  • Evil Cannot Comprehend Good: The nobles of Goa kingdom could not understand why Sabo was so upset at the idea of them setting fire to the gigantic trash heap outside their city, an act that would kill hundreds of innocent people.
  • Evil Counterpart:
    • Like Luffy, Blackbeard carries the "D" name, wants to be Pirate King, encourages others to follow their dreams, and is gradually getting stronger and building his crew as he goes. Unlike Luffy, well... Luffy's nakama are all Determinators; Blackbeard's crew believes in the cruel workings of fate. Luffy's nakama stick by him no matter what; Blackbeard's crew contemplate ditching him if his plans fail. Luffy is a Magnetic Hero; Blackbeard acquires subordinates via cage matches. Luffy gets serious in a fight and smiles at death; Blackbeard grins evilly in battle and screams hysterically at the prospect of dying. Luffy never interferes in another's fight (or asks for assistance); Blackbeard has his crew finish his dirty work for him. The list goes on.
    • Buggy is definitely an evil counterpart to Luffy. For one thing, their names are somewhat similar, but more importantly, their Devil Fruit powers are similar in effect but fundamentally opposite and provide invulnerability to opposite kinds of attacks; Buggy is immune to being cut (while cutting is one of the only ways to injure Luffy) and Luffy is immune to blunt force (which is one of the only things that can injure Buggy). They also share rather similar ideals and goals, though Buggy had put his on hold in favor of being the big fish in a small pond until Luffy defeated him.
    • Blackbeard's new recruit and ex-Head Gaoler of Impel Down Shilew has several similarities to Zoro. Both are swordsmen and both were put on the death row before joining their captains. Shilew's past as a ex-jailor parallels Zoro's past as a ex-bounty hunter.
  • Evilutionary Biologist: Dr. Indigo, member of the Flying Pirates, is the one responsible for the experiments to create Shiki's army of mutated animals. Presumably "Judge" Vinsmoke as well.
  • Evil Old Folks: The Five Elder Stars.
  • Evil Weapon: Zoro's cursed katana.
  • Evolving Credits:
    • Starting with Episode 485, One Day has the shot of the Blackbeard Pirates updated with their new recruits.
    • We Go! changed over time: from Episode 519 onwards, the shots of the Straw Hats as they appeared right before the timeskip are replaced with a fight scene where the crew kicks some Marines' asses. Also, in episodes 579 to 582, this fight scene was replaced by some clips from the twelfth movie.
  • Exact Words: Spandam used this on Robin when he gave the order to kill all of the Straw Hats. He agreed that all of them except for Robin would leave Water 7 mostly unhurt. However, since they were now in Enies Lobby, the agreement was void as soon as the Straw Hats got there. Though to his credit, he really couldn't let them just run amok on the World Government's judicial island. At that point, this was a separate incident.

    Lucci's own interpretation of the promise was rather loose too. While he said the Straw Hats could leave Water 7 alive, of the four he encountered Luffy and Zoro he impaled with shigan and threw them across the city, Nami he left with a crowd of people thinking she murdered their 100% Adoration Rating mayor Iceberg, and Chopper he left beaten to a pulp inside a burning building. The last one is particularly egregious considering that leaving Iceberg and Paulie in said building was Lucci's method of killing them and Chopper escaping proved critical to the other three's survival. It seems that so long as he doesn't directly kill them, Lucci can put the Straw Hats into a great amount of danger without violating his word.
  • Exaggerated Trope: A world that runs on nonsense, friendship, outrageous antics, unwavering determination, and is packed full of more determinators and badasses than you can count tends to do this. Both for comedy and drama.
  • Excellent Judge of Character: Luffy has an uncanny ability of knowing who he can trust. Nami, Crocodile, and Paulie have this as well.
  • Excited Title! Two-Part Episode Name!: Both in how they're written ("The Rejected Ramen! Repairing The Father-Son Bonds!") and how Luffy says them.
    • Often averted by the 4Kids dub, which didn’t literally translate the episode titles.
  • Experimental Archeology: One of Luffy's goals towards the end of the Skypeia arc was to prove Montblanc Norland was not a liar.
  • Exploited Immunity: Don Krieg puts on a gas mask after launching his MH5 gas bomb, trying to poison Luffy with it. Thankfully he grabbed a Mook's gas mask to save himself.
  • Expository Hairstyle Change: Minor examples are Nami and Robin. A large example would be Franky. You see, at first it seems like he had his hair shaved. Then, we find out that he can change his hairstyle however he wants if you press and hold his nose for three seconds.
  • Expository Theme Tune: The 4Kids dub theme, positively dripping with Totally Radical and absolutely no sense of irony.
  • Expy:
    • Impel Down warden Shiryu appears to be based off of Riki-Oh's Washizaki, and, by extension, M. Bison. Street Fighter jokes have been made since Day 1.
    • According to Oda himself:
    • Luffy is based on Son Goku.
    • Nigh-indestructible Blood Upgrade powered Pearl is just a skinnier Mr. Heart from Fist of the North Star. This was intentional, as the chapter he was introduced in had "Hokuto no Ken" written on Sanji's knife.
    • Psychotic scientist that uses poisonous gas as a weapon, experiments on his subordinates and who is a former subordinate to a prominent scientist that works beyond the scenes. Caesar Clown or Mayuri Kurotsuchi? Also, psychotic criminal who uses poisonous gas as a weapon, is named "Clown", has a quasi-permanent smirk on his face and laughs maniacally and often? Sounds like The Joker. That he's also named Caesar — as in Cesar Romero — and works for someone whose codename is actually 'Joker' cannot be a coincidence.
  • Extranormal Prison: The great gaol Impel Down serves as this, as well as being a Hellhole Prison. It holds particularly notorious and dangerous criminals, with 5 different levels of hellish punishments. Meanwhile, the secret Level 6 qualifies more as a Tailor-Made Prison.
  • Extreme Doormat: Cindry, Dr. Hogback's assistant/object of lust. To the point that she'll actually lick the floor if he orders her to. She does regain some volition in the end though, right before being sacrificed for Moria's One-Winged Angel.
  • Eyes Are Mental: Done literally with anyone hit by Law's "Freaky Friday" Flip power; the new body's eyes are drawn in the same style as the original body's.
  • Eye Catch: The anime has some fantastic ones: For the first years of the series, the eye catch was a wanted poster of a specific Straw Hat floating by, set to their theme music. Eight of these different posters appeared note ; around the early 200s, the eye catch then became a more vivid animation of the Straw Hats seemingly being filmed through a fish-eye lens, and has remained as such since, only changing the animations themselves after the Time Skip.
  • Eye Shock: Sprinkled liberally throughout the series.

    F 
  • Face Fault:
    • Curly Dadan does this a lot. Lampshaded in that she gets her head literally stuck in the ground, and the other bandits keep thinking she's hurt herself.
      • Right when we meet her:
    Kid Luffy: Crummy shack!
    Dadan: YOU WANNA FIGHT??!? (Luffy starts chasing a dragonfly) NOT LISTENING!
    (CRASH)
    Bandits: Boss! You okay??
    • And later (the bandits inquire after her health here, too):
    Dadan: You get one bowl of rice and one glass of water a day!
    (Beat)
    Kid Luffy: Okay.
    (CRASH)
  • Face of a Thug: Due to Oda's unique and widely varied character designs, there are quite a few characters who look quite fearsome but are actually good or at least decent people:
    • Zoro is an unapologetic Blood Knight with insane levels of killing intent, who frequently sports a disturbing and scary Slasher Smile in battle, is covered in scars, and is one of the most feared pirates in the world. As fans know, he's actually a pretty good guy who possesses a strong sense of honor, is protective towards his crew, and is a Friend to All Children.
    • T-Bone, a Marine Captain from the Water 7 arc, is almost as scary-looking (by normal standards) as Brook, strongly resembling a zombie. However, he's one of the most genuinely heroic Marines seen in the series, and cares very deeply about his subordinates and upholding justice.
    • Don Sai, leader of the Happou Navy, has an ape-ish face that has been lampshaded in-universe. He's also an honorable man who values fair play, and takes pity on and agrees to marry Baby 5 when he learns of her condition and realizes that the Donquixote Family have been using her for her whole life.
    • Cat Viper is one of the scariest-looking Minks seen on Zou so far, if not the scariest, as a giant monster cat. But, as we quickly finds out, his personality is a lot like Luffy's: a badass in battle, but a loyal, friendly, fun-loving Manchild and party animal the rest of the time. To no one's surprise, he and the Straw Hats strike up a friendship very quickly.
  • Facial Composite Failure:
    • Sanji's Wanted Poster is so badly drawn that it leads to a completely different man being pursued by the government.
    • After the timeskip, the Marines manage to get a photograph of him making an incredibly goofy face with heart-shaped eyes. Probably counts as an improvement.
  • Failure Knight: Jimbei seems to be this way with Luffy after Ace dies, recalling his promise to Ace that he would protect Luffy if he ever died.
  • Fake Defector: In the filler Alternate Universe Detective Memoirs of Chief Straw Hat Luffy, Zoro, a travelling monk, appears to be an Aloof Ally, helping out Vivi when the Buggy Clowns chased her. Buggy decides to hire him to defeat Luffy. But during the fight, Zoro intentionally has Luffy hit all of Buggy's crew. And when Mohji and Cabaji tries to attack Vivi, he stopped them.
  • Fake Town: Whiskey Peak appears to be a peaceful town that welcomes pirates, but it is actually a trap to capture pirates set up by a group of bounty hunters part of a group called Baroque Works.
  • False Dichotomy: For all their talk and propaganda regarding "justice," the Marine's never-ending, and continuously escalating, war with the pirates is, at best, merely dealing with the symptoms of the World Government's problems, while completely ignoring the root cause. In Big Mom's backstory, and Donquixote Doflamingo's, we learn that the World Government actively creates the Pirate Menace and they then hire, enlist, or conscript the Marines to fight. What's worse about all this, is that if it wasn't for their uniforms and "seagull" flags, the group, as a whole, would be utterly indistinguishable from the pirates they fight, in both manner and method, as they've been shown, on-screen, raiding famine stricken islands for food that they then ship to Mariejois for the World Nobles to feast on, and slap a bounty on anyone who so much as objects, and utterly fail to see why people hate the government they serve. It basically boils down to "either as the World Government says, or the pirates will come get you" as far as the World Government wants you to believe.
  • False Utopia. A common trope for the series due in part to its bright and colorful aesthetic contrasting some surprisingly dark themes for its art style. A lot of the more lively, cartoony, or fantastic looking islands the Straw Hats visit have very dark political and social issues under the surface. A few examples; Skypeia (a heavenly-looking Floating Island under a madman's totalitarian rule), Fish-Man Island (a "mermaid paradise" that also has issues with human-Fish-man racism and de facto segregation of the class levels), the Sabody Archipelago (bright, colorful place with giant mangroves that's also known for being the slave trade capital of the world), Dressrosa (a rich, Spanish-themed kingdom where much of the population has been reduced to Living Toys, forced to slave away while nobody remembers who they are), and Totto Land (a Candyland with talking trees and animals where all races live in harmony controlled by a psychopathic womanchild who’s one of the four most powerful pirates in the world who takes two months off of her subjects’ lifespans every year, kills anyone who tries to leave, and rampages through the main island when she gets a craving that isn’t satisfied quickly enough).
  • Family-Friendly Firearms: The 4Kids dub, which had any and all firearms either painted bright colors, or changed into squirt-guns. There's more to this; Helmeppo's gun is replaced with a hammer contraption, and in Luffy's origin story, the bandit's gun is turned into a pop gun. The gun of the pirate who shoots the bandit remains intact, although there's a line tacked on stating "it was loaded with blanks".
  • Family-Unfriendly Violence: Most of the fighting in the series isn't terribly graphic, but...
    • Crocodile impales Luffy.
    • Doflamingo slices limbs off.
    • Akainu literally punches part of Whitebeard's face off in the manga. In the anime, they tone this down, merely having Akainu blow another hole in Whitebeard's chest.
    • While not shown onscreen, what Doflamingo did to his father was certainly not family friendly regardless. The then ten year old Doflamingo executed his own father gangster style, shooting him in the back of the head right in front of his pleading little brother. But it gets worse; then, he decapitated his corpse, traveled with his presumably decomposing head for the months long trip from the North Blue to the Red Line, and then presented it to the World Nobles. Pretty hardcore.
    • While it's silhouetted in black, Big Mom imagines Pudding shooting Sanji and Oda actually visibly draws his brains being blown out; a sort of thing that doesn't usually happen in One Piece at all.
  • Fan Disservice:
    • Robin spending two long arcs wearing lots of leather and a cleavage-baring blouse? Cool. Cuffed? Even better. Getting beaten bloody and quite literally "biting the curb" as Spandam tries to drag her away in a scene that strongly resembles (at least in the anime) a rape? Uh...
    • Nami getting pinned to the wall by an invisible Absalom when she was taking a bath — again with the uncanny resemblance to a rape. DO. NOT. WANT.
    • There are some characters who are Walking Shirtless Scene types. However, Hannyabal and Blackbeard, two very unattractive men, are among them.
    • New Kama Land. Sanji in a dress fighting while wearing bloomers. Should be good, huh? Well, the man he is fighting is a gonk in a dress with fake breasts. Brain Bleach, please...
    • In a flashback during the Amazon Lily arc, we see a very cute-looking girl with her hair in Girlish Pigtails and wearing both Zettai Ryouiki and a midriff-baring outfit. Bad thing? That girl is a 12/13-year-old Boa Hancock; she's also in chains alongside her sisters Sandersonia and Marigold (who are also pretty cute, if we ignore Sonia's huge head and how they're even more loli than loli!Hancock back then), and the three are utterly terrified since they're about to be subjected to at least four years of cruel punishments, tortures and humiliations coming from the World Nobles.
    • Kokoro embodies this, especially as a mermaid. It caused everyone who saw it (including her granddaughter) to pass out.
  • Fanservice:
    • Nami and Kalifa fight in a bathroom with little to no clothing and lots of soap bubbles.
    • The 10th anniversary book gives as a colorspread of Nami and Robin taking a bath in a hotspring (doesn't show anything, but still NSFW).
  • Fantastic Fighting Style: Okama Kenpo, Ramen Kenpo, Fish-man Karate, the Blackleg style, Life Return, Rokushiki, Santoryu, Hasshoken and Brook's Fencing style.
  • Fantastic Ghetto: The world is mostly populated by humans, while other species live in specific home islands. Giants work occasionally for the World Government, and Fish-men and merfolk are known to marry other species, but it's extremely rare to see races like longlegs or dwarves wandering among humans. Separation seems to emerge naturally due to Fantastic Racism; the World Government doesn't enforce segregation but doesn't try to prevent it, either. Living separated from humans on the sea floor is especially problematic for merfolk and Fish-men, as they don't need sunlight and oxygen, but they still yearn for it. However, cruelty of humans makes them afraid of living above the surface.
  • Fantastic Racism: More than one has been led to believe in the beginning. The World Nobles freely practice slavery of other races, and there is a lot of strife between humans and Fish-men as well.
  • Fantasy Conflict Counterpart: The New Fish-Man Pirates threaten the people of Fish-Man Island to commit Fumi-e on the late Queen Otohime's image, to shed out their loyalty to Queen Otohime (who has the exact opposite view of the Big Bad Hody Jones') which is a reference on feudal Japan's practice of purging Christians (they have their people step on a Christian imagery to prove that they're not Christian).
  • Fantasy Counterpart Appliance: The Den-Den Mushi used throughout the series act as telephones and cameras.
  • Fantasy Counterpart Culture:
    • The island nation of Wa-no-Kuni is very clearly this for feudal Japan, what with its isolationism and its samurai. "Wa-no-kuni" is in fact an old way to refer to Japan.
    • Alabasta is a fairly obvious portrayal of Ancient Egypt (with additional Middle Eastern influencing).
    • Further on, the Shandians are pretty clear analogues for disenfranchised and displaced Native American populations.
    • Water Seven looks very much like Venice, particularly its trademark channels crisscrossing the island and the fact that it's slowly sinking.
    • Dressrosa is a mix of Spain and Italy, as seen in several details (for examples, typical dishes ate by Luffy and co include paella and pasta). In this arc we're also introduced to the people of "Ka no Kuni" (the Flower Country), who seems to be based on China.
    • Rommel from which Cavendish/Hakuba comes from appears to be at least based on London due to the Big Ben-like clock.
    • The city that Trafalgar Law hails from, Flevance, seemingly takes cues from Casale Monferrato, as both are nicknamed "The White City" and are prosperous because of the materials that are exclusive to their city, the Amber Lead (Flevance) and the asbestos (Casale Monferrato), and both materials are also toxic.
    • The duel between Ace and Blackbeard takes place on Banaro Island, an island that looks like The American West. It was a town filled mostly with taverns and cowboys with guns.
    • The Flower Kingdom is unmistakably one for feudal China, boasting pagodas, martial artists, and those really tall, narrow mountains.
    • Elbaf is based on medieval Scandinavia, particularly Viking culture, as can be seen by the inhabitants' horned helmets, thatch houses, and that they travel via longboats.
    • Speaking of the Vikings, the Whole Cake Island arc introduces the Germa Kingdom. A kingdom of rapacious pillagers and conquerors who plough the seas on massive ships and favor big crumbling castles, they might be a fantasy version of Vikings. They even use a Nordic cross in their decorations. For the record, Oda has described the Vikings as his favorite band of historical pirates.
    • The Reverie arc introduces a number of nations that have clear analogues to real-world places: Ballywood is based on the United States (including a "King Ham Burger" who resembles Abraham Lincoln), the Kingdom of the Dead is based on Mexico, Roshwan Kingdom is based on Russia, and Tajine Kingdom is based on Morocco. There are also unnamed delegates who strongly suggest there are countries in the One Piece world themed on the United Kingdomnote , on Germany, and on the Inuit as well.
  • Fantasy Kitchen Sink: The series features sea monsters, Fish-men, mer-folk, giants note , ki abilities, Cyborgs and a team of killer androids... and those are just the fantasy staples. There are also telecommunication snails, a giant whale with a house built on the island poking out of the acidic lake in its stomach, a dinosaur infested island, giant ducks as riding animals, islands in the sky (and most of them are populated by people from the moon), solid and liquid clouds, shells that can absorb and re-emit various things such as light, water, and the aforementioned clouds, secret agents with super Kung Fu, mushroom-induced hypnotic powers, and, lest we forget, magical/demonic(?) fruits that give you superpowersnote . Indeed. And it keeps getting crazier...
  • Fate Worse than Death:
    • Spandam, who got his spine crushed in deliciously-graphic nature by Robin. It was richly deserved. Later after the time-skip, he ends up as Lucci's subordinate in CP0, a far cry fom the Small Name, Big Ego he was.
    • Word of God states that this is the only reason Luffy doesn't kill his opponents. He believes that letting them live to watch their hopes and dreams fall apart around them is this. However, it is often subverted during the cover stories, where a former villain would go through a series of events that result in them becoming even better off than their original goals would have made them (Spandam is NOT one of them, to say the least).
  • A Father to His Men: Part of Whitebeard's reputation is that he sees every one of his crew members as a son, and will go absolutely berserk if something happens to even one of them. This includes taking on the entire World Government, including the Seven Warlords of the Sea, to rescue one. And of course, Ace and the other Division Commanders LITERALLY regard Whitebeard as a father. In the Paramount War, it's confirmed that this attitude extends to his allies, even if one of them does a little thing like stabbing him.
  • Feather Boa Constrictor: Everyone in Amazon Lily.
  • Feather Fingers: We have Chopper, who only has hooves instead of hands unless he's in his human form, and Monet, who is a harpy and has to, well, use her feathers as fingers.
  • Feeling Their Age: Whitebeard is renowned as the World's Strongest Man prior to his death. He is an extremely badass with a ridiculously earthquake based Devil Fruit power who has proved more than enough that he is worthy of his title in the Marineford arc. However the moment he starts coughing up blood in the middle of battle, it's made clear that the man is no longer in his prime and that old age hasn't been kind to him. Based on his remaining strength though, it's less that he's significantly weaker, and more like that the monstrously strong old man was even more of a monster in the past. He even once stated "I may be a monster... but I'm not gonna be the strongest forever!"
  • Females Are More Innocent: Among the female villains, there are maybe Catarina Devon and Big Mom that are really evil. The rest of them, once their fight is over, either Heel–Face Turn or turn out to be not-so-evil people, such as the Baroque Works females who open a bakery after Baroque Works disbanded.
    • Baby 5 is the only one of Doflamingo's inner circle to get a full slap on the wrist + redemption despite the fact that others such as Señor Pink also had sympathetic backstories.
    • Reiju is also the only member of the Vinsmoke family to be given any redeeming qualities whatsoever, as all of her male family members (bar Sanji) are presented as nearly irredeemable.
    • Monet is infamously an outlier in the series as a conventionally attractive girl who is not only completely reprehensible (essentially whose job is to ensure children in her care are hooked on drugs) but gets killed off for real. Her death is also surprisingly tragic, her boss whom she was completely loyal to unknowingly finishing her off and causing her to die alone with no one having knowledge of her death.
  • Femme Fatale: Boa Hancock, Nico Robin at first; Captain Hina seems to be this as well.
  • The Fettered: The Marine and the World Government play this trope completely straight. This is not a good thing.
  • Fictional Currency: A common sight is Nami with money signs in her eyes.
    • Belly/Beli/Beri/Berry are used throughout the ocean-going world, and are roughly equal to yen/pennies; a loaf of bread is 150 belly, designer clothing is 10,000 to 28,800, a cheap weapon is 50,000, a rare one is a million, a secondhand ship is a hundred million, etc. Every pirate seen in the series has a bounty of at least five million on their head.
    • The sky islands the Straw Hats visit use Extols, which have a 10,000:1 exchange rate with Belly. The Straw Hats go on a shopping spree; among the things they use their pocket money to fill their hold with are a bunch of high-powered magical artifacts.
  • Field of Blades: Up in Mariejois sits the Empty Throne, symbolizing that no one kingdom or individual will seek to rule the world alone within the World Government. The throne itself is surrounded by weapons stuck into the ground and symbolically protecting the throne, representing each kingdom's commitment to maintain balance between them.
  • Fiery Redhead: Nami, natch. Though unlike most, when she gets angry, it's mostly because someone is being a complete idiot.
  • Fighting from the Inside: Played to horrifying ends when Miss Goldenweek hypnotizes Luffy to be completely calm and not bother with saving his friends. When he's drinking his tea, a close-up reveals a completely pissed off Luffy unable to do anything but angrily growl "This is some good tea" repeatedly.
  • Filler: There were more than a few filler arcs early on, often placed after long story arcs to allow the manga time to catch up, as well as one-shot filler specials throughout the anime's run time. Examples include:
    • The Apis Arc, which takes place between when the Straw Hats leave Loguetown and before they climb Reverse Mountain to enter the Grand Line.
    • A few filler episodes were added early in the Alabasta arc, before the battles with Baroque Works began. These arcs resulted in Ace staying with the Straw Hats for longer than in canon.
    • A few short filler arcs were added between the Straw Hats' departure from Alabasta and encountering the ship falling from the sky.
    • In the anime, the Straw Hats fall from Skypiea into the G8 Marine base and have to escape. In the manga, they instead headed to the next canon destination, Long Ring Long Land.
    • The anime added a few filler episodes at the tail end of the Water Seven arc, when the Straw Hats were resting and recuperating after the raid on Enies Lobby, then added the Ice Hunter arc between Water Seven and Thriller Bark. Since the Log Pose's next destination was Fishman Island, the anime writers had the Straw Hats fight on a moving iceberg ship, which did not have a magnetic Log Pose signature.
  • Filming for Easy Dub: An unusual non-video version of this — Oda has stated that he eventually started changing the shape of the word balloons to allow english translators to fit in more text.
  • Fire-Forged Friends:
    • Why the Straw Hats joined the Straw Hats, with no exceptions.
    • Oddly enough, shows up between two enemies when Roger asks Garp to raise Ace. And IT WORKS.
  • Fire/Ice Duo: Two of the Admirals provide this dynamic: the lazy but righteous Aokiji and the ruthless General Ripper Akainu. Aokiji is as forgiving as a Marine can be with the Straw Hats, while Akainu is willing to kill his own men if they even think of deserting during battle. He deeply hates pirates and is the first character to kill a significant pirate in a non-flashback scene. After the timeskip, Aokiji and Akainu get into a fight. Akainu wins, injuring Aokiji in the process.
  • Fire, Ice, Lightning:
    • The three Admirals have a variation to this: Aokiji — ice, Akainu — lava, and Kizaru — light. Heck, their names even have the Japanese words for blue, red, and yellow respectively. The only reason they can't use actual Fire and Lightning is because there are other characters that already have those powers.
    • The Straw Hats have completed the trifecta post Time-Skip, with Fire, Ice, and Lightning being wielded by Sanji, Brook, and Nami, respectively.
  • Fish People: Fish-men, obviously. They come in various different species of fish and can interbreed with humans, mermaids, and giants. They're also 10x stronger than humans from birth.
  • Five-Man Band: A couple of them:
  • Flaming Meteor:
    • Akainu can use his Magma Man abilities to fire fist-shaped lava projectiles upwards. They rain down like burning meteors. The attack is appropriately named Ryusei Kazan, literally meaning "Meteor Volcano".
    • Admiral Fujitora is a more straight example. His gravity abilities can bring down meteors from outer space, and they're all predictably fiery.
  • Flashback: A frequent plot element. Some are memories, such as Luffy's childhood with Ace and Sabo. Some are detached flashbacks, like the true story of Noland and Calgara. Some are stories told between characters, like the backstories of Nami (told by Nojiko to the other Straw Hats) and Chopper (told by Dr. Kureha to Nami).
  • Flash Step: Soru, also Kuro's Shakushi. They both move at roughly the same speed. The difference is that Kuro can't see where he's going or what he's attacking; Soru users, however, can see what they're doing, making Soru the superior technique.
  • Flat-Earth Atheist: In at least the East Blue, Devil Fruits are thought to be mythical, which is given a flimsy Hand Wave by claiming that Devil Fruits are just that rare outside the Grand Line. This is in spite of the fact that most of the world's major figures, both pirates and government alike, do possess Devil Fruit powers and make no attempt to hide them from the public.
  • Flawed Prototype: The Rocketman, an earlier version of the sea train Puffing Tom that could never be used to carry passengers because once it got going, it couldn't stop.
    • The first incarnation of the Clima Tact could be seen as this, being bogged down by useless party tricks, and Nami's extensive knowledge of the weather was the only thing that made it even remotely useful.
  • Flight: In-universe, it is claimed that there only five known types of Devil Fruits that grant flight. Despite this, so far we've seen six total: three flying Zoans (Pell, Marco and King), two Paramecia (Shiki in the canonical Movie 10 and Buffalo), and whatever it is Lafitte has.
    • If you count Miss Valentine and Machvise you can count 8.
  • Flipping the Table: Franky has done this at least once.
  • Floating Continent: An entire saga was based around one.
    • And in Shabaody events, Nami has gotten herself tossed onto one by Kuma.
    • And the Big Bad for Movie 10, Gold Lion Shiki, has his own personal collection of the things for his base, Strong World.
  • Floating in a Bubble: Justified by the unique atmosphere and resin found only in Sabaody Archipeligo and Fish-Man Island.
  • Fluffy Tamer: Attempted by Luffy with Thriller Bark's cerberus. He gets better at it after the timeskip — he tames a kraken.
    • Mohji of Buggy's crew thinks he's this, though the only animal he seems capable of taming is his pet lion.
  • Flunky Boss: Gecko Moria is a good non-video game example. After losing his entire crew in battle, he decides to create a new, unkillable, crew, and rely solely on their power. It's not until his Villainous Breakdown that he actually does any fighting himself.
    • After the Time Skip, Demalo Black's plan to take on the New World hinged on his becoming this. He tricked several pirate crews several times stronger than himself into becoming his followers by making them believe that he was Luffy, intending to use them to take out any threats that Luffy's reputation didn't scare away first.
  • Follow the Chaos: The Straw Hats know which direction to find Luffy in Enies Lobby when a building far away from them suddenly collapses.
  • Food-Based Superpowers: Something of a running theme for the Big Mom Pirates. Some examples are:
    • Katakuri, who can generate and control sticky mocchi from his body and even mimic protagonist Luffy's Rubber Man powers.
    • Charlotte Prospero, who can create and manipulate candy as weapons, servants, and even prisons for his enemies. When he loses an arm in a surprise attack, he's even able to create a working replacement made of candy.
    • Sweet General Cracker, who is able to create a mobile, Multi-Armed and Dangerous suit if armor made of tea biscuits he can ride around it. His opponents usually can't beat the thing, but even if they do, Cracker himself is still waiting inside, fresh as a daisy, and usually ready to perform a surprise attack while his opponent tries to celebrate. When Luffy proves powerful enough to go through the armor and still deal with Cracker, the nefarious pirate reveals he can make unlimited copies of the armor that operate independently of him simply by clapping.
    • The prize probably goes to Head Chef Streusal, however, one of Big Mom's first allies. He has the power to turn anything he cuts into food. This is demonstrated when he uses his sword to start slicing up a log, with the slices becoming prepared ham steaks for him to eat. Put to an interesting test when he cuts up the crumbling castle of Whole Cake Island, turning the stone to actual cake and saving his crew from being crushed under the rubble.
  • Fountain of Youth: Part of Bonney's Devil Fruit power. It doesn't provide Magic Pants, which explains her skimpy outfit.
    • Ain from the 12th movie One Piece Film: Z ate the Modo Modo Fruit, which allows her to make objects and people younger. It works on inanimate objects as well though, unlike Bonney's (Though it still doesn't provide Magic Pants in case a person gets regressed). With it, she transforms Nami and Chopper into kids, Robin into a teenager, and also uses it on Brook. Of course, it doesn't change much in his case.
  • Forgot About His Powers: Namely, every time one of the more powerful characters (usually one of the Straw Hats) gets locked in a trap they should have been able to easily escape with their Super Strength. For example; in the Dressrosa Arc, Luffy finds himself locked in the halls of the coliseum while Doflamingo is outside attacking Trafalgar Law. He can't get through the Seastone bars on the windows, which is fair enough... but he seems to be forgetting the fact that he could simply punch a hole in the stone wall and walk right out.
  • Forgot I Couldn't Swim: Luffy isn't very careful around deep water, which is problematic because people who eat Devil Fruits, including Luffy, lose the ability to swim and need to be saved by a friend. Chopper and Brook are always quick to jump in to save the captain, which is problematic because they use Devil Fruits, too.
  • Foreshadowing: Has its own page.
  • Four Eyes, Zero Soul: Captain Kuro and Kalifa. In Kuro's case in particular the way he habitually adjusts his glasses with the palms of his hands, even when he poses as a harmless butler, developed from having to do so while not cutting himself with his own cat claws. Jango states that when he met Kuro earlier in the arc, he saw that and realized that it meant Kuro never lost his edge.
  • The Four Loves: While the series intentionally excludes Eros (romantic love) from being the focus, Phileo (friendship) cannot be expressed enough, acting as a driving force for about ninety percent of the cast. Various pirate crews and civilians are also strongly driven by Storge (familial love), especially Whitebeard's crew. Further down the scale, Luffy displays some clear examples of Agape (unconditional love) for his nakama, sacrificing his own well-being to ensure their own (the Drum Island and Impel Down arcs come to mind).
  • Fragile Speedster: Otohime. Fast enough to dodge bullets, fragile enough to break her hand slapping the man that fired them.
  • Freak Out: Many. For a lot of characters, it's mostly used as comedy. But probably one of the most notable ones is Luffy's at the end of 574. Luffy looked scary before but... damn.
    • In Chapter 582, Luffy undergoes an absolutely epic Freak Out over the reality of Ace's death finally sinking in.
  • "Freaky Friday" Flip: In the Punk Hazard arc, thanks to Trafalgar Law, Sanji is in Nami, Nami is in Franky, Franky is in Chopper, and Chopper is in Sanji.
    • Also, Smoker is in Tashigi and vice versa.
    • After Law and Luffy form an Enemy Mine, he reverses most of these among the Straw Hats, though Sanji and Nami are still in each other's bodies due to Sanji-as-Nami not being present. When everyone reaches Caesar's facility, he finally reverses that too (Much to Sanji's dismay).
  • Freaky Is Cool: That's how Luffy feels. It's the main reason he was able to befriend Chopper.
  • Freddie Mercopy: Peeply Lulu, a minor character from the Water 7 and Enies Lobby arcs, resembles Freddie Mercury in looks, having a similar haircut, wearing sunglasses and being perpetually shirtless.
  • French Cuisine Is Haughty: Sanji uses Gratuitous French to name his techniques in the original Japanese.
  • Freudian Excuse: You've got to feel for some of the Big Bads. Gecko Moria had his entire crew wiped out, leaving him the last man standing. Boa Hancock was kidnapped and sold into slavery at the age of twelve, branded, possibly raped, and (based on what we know of the World Nobles) treated like absolute shit for four years while being used and abused for their satisfaction. It's also been implied that Crocodile went through some serious shit.
    • Arlong mistreats and opresses humans because of how humans mistreated and oppressed Fish-men... OK, it's not a very good excuse as it's blatant hypocrisy, but in his mind, it's justified, at least.
      • Averted with Hody and the new Fish-Man pirates. Humans never did anything directly to them.note  But hating humans for no reason makes Hody the closest thing to pure evil in the game. They're described as "empty".
      • Doflamingo literally suffered Hell once his family was exposed as World Nobles, with his mom dying with an easily preventable illness and the rest of the family undergoing Cold-Blooded Torture, even both he and his father desperately trying to return back to the lifestyle. Then he murdered his father when his sanity finally slipped, was founded by brats whose leader was Trebol, and the rest is history.
      • Big Mom was an innocent girl with an unexplained and incurable Horror Hunger that caused massacres whenever she was hungry, which made her family abandon her. Then, as she was forging precious ties with the orphanage, she went into a blissful Horror Hunger, did something to the kids offscreen while being oblivious, and was eventually adopted by Streusen, who did nothing to help her situation, rather enabling her to be the vicious and cruel Emperor she is now.
  • Freudian Trio: Luffy is the Id (impulsive, stubborn), Zoro is the Ego (Hot-Blooded but can be reflective), and Nami is the Superego (logical and smart). Sanji is the Superego in the Monster Trio.
    • In addition, the Three Admirals of the Marines: Borsalino (Id), Kuzan (Ego), and Sakazuki (Superego).
  • Friction Burn:
    • This is how Sanji activates his Diable Jambe technique.
    • Also, this is supposedly how Hannyabal activates his Hannya Carnival, Blazing Hell Wheel attack.
    • This may also be how Zoro's Hiryu Kaen attack works.
  • A Friend in Need: It runs on the Power of Friendship. There are a lot of examples:
    • Mr. 2 Bon Kurei (real name Bentham, nickname Bon-chan). His every action outside of when he was part of a Quirky Miniboss Squad is motivated by feelings of friendship and prompts him to take risks even when he has no obligation to do so.
    • In the Alabasta arc, he met and befriended the Straw Hat pirates for all of five minutes before being retrieved by his ship and discovering they were enemies. After the arc ended and they were no longer foes, Bon-chan helped the Straw Hats in their escape from a Marine blockade. While this part was somewhat self-serving since it helps his own escape prospects, when the Straw Hats risk it all to give a farewell to a friend, Bon Chan is so touched he ends up risking his own capture to ensure they can pull it off and get away.
    • Later, during the "Meet Baroque" cover story arc, Bon Kurei gave his aid to Miss Goldenweek and Mr. 5's attempts to rescue Ms. Valentine and the other incarcerated Officer Agents of Baroque Works. This act does result in his capture and sentence to Level Three of Impel Down.
    • After getting out of his cell in the prison Impel Down, Bon-chan offers to help the currently intruding Luffy reach his destination because it coincides with is own goal. He suffers a moment of weakness here and leaves Luffy behind to face Chief Warden Magellan alone, but comes back to rescue Luffy afterward and helps find treatment for his severe poisoning from the loss. The cause for this moment of weakness is that he knows Magellan's reputation and by the end of the arc, it was shown Magellan was powerful enough to simultaneously beat Luffy (the main character), some guy with a type advantage over Magellan's own abilities and several escaped prisoners armed with guns and cannons. After shouting for seven hours straight for Luffy to recover quickly, Bon-chan is himself recovered in time for the breakout. However, the only way the escaping prisoners can get past their final obstacle, The Gates of Justice, is if someone stays behind and opens them from within the prison. While Bon-chan successfully does this, he draws the full attention and killing intent of Magellan, who he promptly challenges alone, with his own eulogy in the background, all while declaring he has no regrets.
    • In essence, this was how Luffy met or helped out his friends, gaining their loyalty. Zoro was about to executed by the marines when Luffy jumped in. He beat the tar out of Arlong for making Nami cry. He helped out Usopp because he saw that Usopp was determined to protect his village. He helped Sanji protect Zeff's resturant ship. He stopped Wapol and defended Chopper's pirate flag. Robin wanted to die, but Luffy saved her. He accepted Franky into his crew, despite being enemies earlier. And he gave companionship and freedom to Brook.
    • This is Luffy in general. You don't even have to be one of his crew mates — you just have to be a friend. Because for Luffy, that's always been enough.
  • Friendly Enemy:
    • Roger applies this to Vice Admiral Garp, which is why he trusts him with his son's life. Somewhat justified; their long relationship would have given Roger a decent understanding of the other's character, at least enough to know that he won't let a defenseless newborn be killed.
    • Roger again to Whitebeard. They were rival pirates, but shared drinks together not long before Roger's death, where Roger shared with him the truth behind the "Will of D." and confirmed the existence of One Piece.
    • The same could also be said about Luffy to Coby, considering that they're friends despite being on opposite sides of the law.
    • A few of the Eleven Supernovas to each other (not counting, of course, the ones who are on the same crew like Luffy and Zoro or Kid and Killer). Trafalgar Law, in particular, was quite friendly to Luffy from the time they met and later showed up at Marineford to rescue him. Although several of them have (at least temporarily) dropped the "enemy" part by forming alliances in the New World, like the Luffy-Law alliance and the Kid-Apoo-Hawkins alliance.
  • Friendly Pirate: The Straw Hat Pirate crew consider themselves to be pirates, but they abide by a code of honor and will never harm innocents, frown upon traditionally cruel pirate behavior and will even fight against them if they ever encounter any.
  • Friendly Tickle Torture: Nico Robin tickles Luffy and Chopper multiple times throughout the series.
  • From Bad to Worse:
    • The Water Seven arc starts out on a pleasant note, but becomes the Straw Hats' darkest story arc thus far within about 24 hours. Shortly after their arrival, Robin encounters someone from CP 9 and disappears. The Straw Hats sell their gold for money to use to repair their ship, but learn that the Going Merry is beyond repair. Shortly thereafter, Usopp gets attacked and two thirds of the money is stolen. Usopp takes the decision to replace the Merry very badly, leaves the crew and fights a duel with Luffy, losing and worsening his injuries. The Straw Hats wake up the next morning feeling depressed about everything that happened the previous day... then learn that they've been framed for an assassination attempt on Iceberg's life, that Robin supposedly betrayed them by helping the assassin, and that a massive storm known as the Aqua Laguna is heading toward the island.
    • The Marineford arc. Ace dies, making the entire mission a moot point. Then, the Blackbeard Pirates show up to finish Whitebeard off, having freed a bunch of extremely dangerous criminals to join their ranks. This caused the pirates to start fighting over Whitebeard's land, and releasing some of the greatest psychos the world has ever known. Whitebeard's dying words countered the Marines' announcement that they killed him, making the entire war basically pointless since both sides just recruited a buttload of people. Then, Blackbeard somehow added Whitebeard's earthquake powers to his own formidable powers of darkness, causing him to be the center of the new age of Piracy. Pretty much the entire world went Oh, Crap! at that one.
  • From Zero to Hero: Luffy once was a loud, ambitious kid from a small village in the East Blue ocean, which is commonly regarded as "unremarkable" compared to the other big seas in the world. He then forms the Straw Hat Pirates with only a small crew (all of whom have their own humble beginnings) and proceeds to make a name for themselves as they venture between islands in search for the titular One Piece. Post Time Skip, the crew is considered one of the most infamous, especially as they have tangled with at least two major governmental facilities, and Luffy having a very high bounty.
  • Full Potential Upgrade: An anime filler episode showed Zoro constantly breaking his second and third swords until Yubashiri and Sandai Kitetsu came along.
  • Funbag Airbag: At one point, while running from the women on Amazon Lily, Luffy runs headfirst into the giant Aphelandra's breasts, which stops him momentarily.
  • Funny Afro:
    • Luffy wears one in his fist fight against Foxy during the Davy Back Fight. It actually helps him win.
    • Inverted in Fleet Admiral Sengoku's case. He and his afro are to be taken seriously. At least until he "retires"
  • Funny Background Event: The Minks are a constant presence during the Straw Hats' conversation in Chapter 805. From cuddling with Robin, to eyeing a banana Franky's eating, to shaking paws with Usopp.
  • Funny Octopus: The Kraken Surume starts off as the legendary ship-devouring monster one would expect, but upon taking a beatdown from the Straw Hats, he ends up befriending them and turns out to be pretty amicable.
  • Fur Bikini: Most of the inhabitants of Amazon Lily wear these.
  • Furry Reminder: Minks often retain traits of their animal selves. Dog minks love Brook, and a gorilla and bull mink are easily distracted by bananas and a fluttery cloth respectively.

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