To the rest of the world, it's simply "the cancan song." And it's usually (although not always) a cue for high-kicking Chorus Girls to hit the stage. To that end, it's a quintessential part of the Public Domain Soundtrack and Standard Snippet tropes.
Because of its high-energy, feel-good nature, its use as a trope falls under one of the following conditions:
- Type A: Accompanying a performance of the cancan dance itself.
- Type B: To underscore a comedic/slapstick action sequence.
Remember: not all performances of the cancan (dance) are set to the Cancan Song, and not all appearances of the song signal a performance of the dance.
- The Shop Rite supermarket chain's long-running annual (and more recently, semi-annual) Can Can sale of canned goods. Type A, but with custom lyrics ("Now, Shop Rite does the cancan/Selling lots of brands of/Everything in/Cans cans!")
- Also Type A: Scottish brewer Irn-Bru set a world record in 2009 by getting 10,000 people to kick up their heels as part of their "Can Clan" campaign. Real cancan dancers were recruited to help out.
- At one point K-Mart used a variant of the "Infernal Galop" to advertise its then-new(ish) Super Kmart hypercenters.
- Fairy Tail: Type B. The song typically plays whenever there's a Bar Brawl.
- In Kill la Kill, this is one of the standard snippets played by Musical Assassin Nonon in her fight against Ryuko.
- Yu-Gi-Oh!: Capsule Monsters has a version sung by Tristan and Joey as their "Victory Dance"."We just kicked a little can can, tell me who's the man, man!"
- Pretty Cure Dream Stars! plays an instrumental of this during the girls' fight against the giant dog.
- Osomatsu-kun: The 1988 series uses it in a Type B fashion accompanying chase sequences, most often involving the sextuplets and Iyami.
- French Cancan: Type A, and rightly so.
- Averted in both the 1952 and 2001 Moulin Rouge films, although Fatboy Slim's thumping version from the latter has become an alternate soundtrack for many dance troupes, and the pitch scene is performed to the same music.
- Also averted in the Frank Sinatra/Shirley MacLaine film of Cole Porter's Can-Can.
- Stardust has a Type B usage of the song: the (literally) closeted Captain Shakespeare minces about in his wardrobe while his men on deck engage in an epic sword battle with Septimus's soldiers in time to the beat.
- Looney Tunes: Back in Action: Averted in the live-action saloon scenes, but played straight as a Type A when Elmer Fudd is chasing Bugs and Daffy through the Louvre and they wind up in one of Toulouse-Lautrec's paintings.
- Peter's Friends begins with six college friends performing the Can-Can based "The Underground Song" at a school function before graduation. At the end of the movie, they sing the song together at a reunion, cementing their True Companions status.
- George of the Jungle: Type B, when George beats some mooks.
- Midnight in Paris: Type A, when Gil and Adriana watch a nightclub performance of the cancan.
- Easy Virtue has Type A. Larita and Hilda perform a can-can routine for a local pageant. Hilarity Ensues when Hilda mistakenly thinks she should be Going Commando to perform the dance."Is it my imagination, or is your daughter dancing without her scanties?"
- The Benny Hill Show had at least two Type A occurences — but in these cases, they were "normal" women (e.g. policewomen, hospital nurses) inspired to kick it up when the song commenced. (Ironically, the one time the show included REAL cancan dancers, they performed to Khachaturian's "Sabre Dance.")
- A scene in Kamen Rider Ex-Aid: True Ending has this playing when Poppy is getting in the way of Hiiro taking a picture of his supposed daughter winning a footrace.
- Long-running English band Bad Manners feature a ska-flavored take on The Cancan Song as a part of their set. That's the good news. The bad news is that their (male, bald) singer will often perform the cancan. In drag.
- Kraut Rock/Space Rock band Can snuck a version onto their eponymous 1979 album (as part of their "Ethnological Forgery" series). Doubles as a Stealth Pun on their name.
- This chiptune version was built out of sounds and samples from Super Mario Bros. And it is hilarious.
- Acapella group Straight No Chaser's "Christmas Can-Can".
- Steampunk duo Frenchy and the Punk use it at the end of "Yes! I'm French". In concerts, Frenchy calls audience members to form a can-can line in front of the stage.
- Shakespeare Aloud use the Infernal Galop to cram every single title of the Bard's works into just under a minute 'n' a half.
- "Tortoises", the fourth movement of Camille Saint-Saëns's Carnival of the Animals , is the Can-Can. Played reeeaallly slooowllly.
- Too many occurences to mention. See the "Video Games" folder under Public Domain Soundtrack.
- The Little Mermaid: Type B (the scene where the Royal Chef is chasing Sebastian the Crab, and comic mayhem ensues).
- Both in As Told by Ginger. In an episode where Carl and Hoodsey enter Brandon's monkey into a pet talent show, Ginger arrives home to find the monkey wearing a skirt and dancing the can-can.
- The Animaniacs song "Be Careful What You Eat" is sung by Yakko, Wakko, and Dot to the tune of this song about the ingredients in ice cream.
- In the Pinky and the Brain episode "The Really Great Dictator" when Brain teaches Pinky about what it takes to be a good dictator he sings it to the tune of this song, when Pinky hears it he puts on a dress and does the cancan dance.
- Mickey, Donald, Goofy: The Three Musketeers uses the Infernal Galop as the melody for the song "All for One and One for All".
- The number of amateur and professional dance troupes worldwide who perform the cancan to the Infernal Gallop is literally in the hundreds, if not thousands.