Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 4 November 1847) was an early German Romantic composer.
He wrote one of the two most famous pieces of wedding music ever, originally as incidental music for a production of A Midsummer Night's Dream. Other well-known works include the Christmas carol "Hark! The Herald Angels Sing," "War March of the Priests," the concert overture The Hebrides (also known as Fingal's Cave), "Spring Song," and the Violin Concerto in E minor.
Outside of being a famous Romantic Era composer, Mendelssohn is also credited with kickstarting the Bach Revival, leading to the modern-day veneration and renown of J.S. Bach as a composer and music theorist.
Tropes present in Mendelssohn's life and works:
- Ambiguously Jewish: Not ambiguous enough for 19th century Germany, though. Mendelssohn was ethnically Jewish; he was aware of his heritage and proud of it, especially because his grandfather was the great 18th-century Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn. However, he was raised without religion and later became a Lutheran Christian. He was still the victim of antisemitism, though, and his music was banned by the Nazis.
- Child Prodigy: Gave his first public concert at nine years old. Some of his finest compositions, such as the Octet in E-flat major, the "Overture" to A Midsummer Night's Dream, his first two string quartets, and a pair of concertos for two pianos and orchestra (not to mention 12 string symphonies) were written when Mendelssohn was 18 years old or younger.
- Cool Big Sis: His older sister Fanny, a talented composer in her own right who was nonetheless discouraged from publishing her works due to her gender. She would often help critique his pieces while he, in turn, published a few of her works under his own name (which led to an incident where he had to admit to Queen Victoria that one of her favorite pieces of music was written by Fanny, not himself). The two were close and after her death Felix would dedicate his last major work, the String Quartet No. 6 in F minor, to her memory.
- Ear Worm: Mendelssohn did this to himself."I should like to write a violin concerto for you next winter. One in E minor runs through my head, the beginning of which gives me no peace." — Mendelssohn to his childhood friend, violinist Ferdinand David.
- Lohengrin and Mendelssohn: Half-Trope Namer. His "Wedding March" from A Midsummer Night's Dream has long been a wedding recessional staple.
- Older Is Better: Although a member of the Romantic tradition in music, Mendelssohn was rather conservative in his tastes and compositional style. This led him to champion older composers; he lead a revival of the music of George Frederic Handel in Germany, and put on the first production of Bach's St. Matthew Passion in decades, leading to new appreciation of the Leipzig master. He also conducted the first performance of Franz Schubert's 9th Symphony, a decade after Schubert's death.
- Preacher's Kid: Mendelssohn's wife, Cecile Jeanrenaud, was a clergyman's daughter.
- Real Men Love Jesus: Mendelssohn was baptised into the Christian faith, but he embraced it as he got older. He attended worship services of different churches, but his love for the music of Bach anchored him to Lutheranism. He also composed a number of sacred works, like two oratorios based on the lives of St. Paul and the prophet Elijah; the Lobgesang (or Symphony No. 2), a choral symphony that uses portions of the Bible as its text; and Symphony No. 5, also called the Reformation, which he composed in honour of the 300th anniversary of the Presentation of the Augsburg Confession. He remained a committed Lutheran throughout his life, though he was also proud of his Jewish heritage.
- Travelogue Show: Or travelogue piece in this case. Mendelssohn wrote several such works, including his Symphony No. 3 in A minor ("Scottish"), Symphony No. 4 in A major ("Italian"), and the concert overture The Hebrides. The composer traveled extensively throughout Europe, and these pieces were inspired by his sojourns.
Notable Works which cite Mendelssohn or his works:
- He is played by Otto Diamant in Lisztomania and by André Heller in the West German film Frühlingssinfonie (Spring Symphony).
- "Athalia" (also called "War March of the Priests") is played on an Art Deco organ by the title character in the opening of The Abominable Dr. Phibes.
- A snippet of the Violin Concerto is used to conclude Les Visiteurs and its sequels.
- As mentioned, the wedding music from A Midsummer Night's Dream is so widely used that it gets its own trope.