Dr. Dre (born Andre Romelle Young, February 18, 1965) is an American rapper, Record Producer and entrepreneur. He gained fame as a member of gangsta rap group N.W.A. and help popularize G-Funk through his first solo album The Chronic. He has help launch and nurture the work of many other key artists in Hip Hop including Snoop Dogg, Eminem and 50 Cent. His stage name is based on Dr. J, the nickname of his favourite basketball player Julius Erving, mixed with his own name.
Starting out as a member of the World Class Wreckin' Cru and working in nightclubs as a DJ, Dre joined up with other apprising rappers like Ice Cube and Eazy-E to become a member of the influential rap group N.W.A. whose work help brought gangsta rap to the mainstream, selling millions of records in the process despite huge controversy and backlash from legal authorities.
Dre had a falling out though with fellow member Eazy-E and left N.W.A. to help start Death Row Records with Suge Knight. The first album released on the label was Dres The Chronic which proved highly successful, going 3xplatinum, and was a key influence on the g-funk sound that dominated rap music for the next few years. He also worked a lot with protégée Snoop Dogg, who was featured on many of the tracks from the chronic, even producing his first death row album Doggystyle, an album which also proved to be highly influential and commercially successful. Dre also collaborated with 2Pac when he was signed to death row, including the number 1 hit California love. Dre left Death Row though in 1996 due to concern over Suge Knight whom he felt was financially dishonest and was becoming increasingly thuggish.
Dre then formed a new record label called Aftermath Entertainment. It had some difficulties in its first couple of years, releasing poorly received records, but it turned around when Dre signed Eminem, whose debut album The Slim Shady LP proved to be a huge hit. Dr Dre also released his second album 2001 which was also a huge success, going 6xplatinum. Since then though, Dre has been more focused on producing works for other artists, ranging from artists from Mary J. Blige to Gwen Stefani, rather than releasing solo records. This also included Aftermath signee 50 Cent whose first 2 albums both went multi-platinum. Dre would also continue to work with Eminem throughout the 2000s, producing many successful releases for him.
For many years, Dre was working on a new solo album called Detox, though it has been constantly delayed and multiple tracks from it were leaked, eventually becoming hip hop's equivalent to Chinese Democracy or the similarly delayed video game Duke Nukem Forever. By 2015, Dre announced he was officially scrapping Detox for good, and instead released Compton, which was inspired by the film Straight Outta Compton, a biopic on N.W.A, which also looked at Dres time at Death Row, of which Dre served as a producer.
In addition to music, Dre has also worked as an entrepreneur. Most notably, he created the headphone brand Beats by Dre in 2008, which was later sold to Apple in 2014 for 3 billion dollars. Dre has also done a small bit of acting work, having roles in films like The Wash and Training Day.
- The Chronic (1992)
- 2001 (1999)
- Compton (2015)
This musician provides examples of:
- Angry Black Man: During N.W.A.'s early period, though this soon ended when bandmate and principal songwriter Ice Cube left the group.
- Artifact Title: The "Dr." part of his name was relevant during his World Class Wreckin' Cru days, in which his persona was that of a doctor. It still gets referenced from time to time, but the doctor gimmick was dropped come the N.W.A. era.
- Call-and-Response Song: Eminem and Dre's "Guilty Conscience" is sung in this style, with the two playing the two sides of a person's conscience.
- Digital Piracy Is Evil: Dre had sued Napster after his request to have his songs removed from the site was rejected.
- Evil Sounds Deep: "Natural Born Killaz"
- Gangsta Rap: Blue Collar during his N.W.A days and commercial during his time with Death Row. He largely left the genre once he formed Aftermath.
- The Mentor: To Snoop Dogg, Eminem, 50 Cent and Kendrick Lamar amongst numerous others
- Minimalistic Cover Art: 2001 basically has "Dr. Dre" in one corner and "2001" in another with a small marijuana leaf on a otherwise completely black cover.
- Misogyny Song: "She Swallowed It" and "Bitches Ain't Shit" are considered amongst the forefathers of the 'bitches and hos' tendency in rap.
- Ode to Intoxication: Dre's first solo album, The Chronic was named after Marijuana and references smoking weed several times.
- The Perfectionist: He is known to pressure artists in giving perfect performance, even making one of his aftermath signees, Bishop Lament, do a take 107 times in order to get it the way Dre likes. This is why a number of Aftermath signees have never released a full length album on his label.
- Sampling: Each track on the chronic contains at least one sample and the intro track alone used 6 different songs to sample from. There is also some sampling on 2001 though not nearly to the extent as The Chronic.
- Slipping a Mickey: In the second verse of the Eminem/Dr. Dre song "Guilty Conscience," Em, as the Bad Angel, has slipped something into a 15-year-old girl's drink and is pressuring the guy to take advantage of her. Dre, being the Good Angel, vehemently objects to this.
- Ten Paces and Turn: Subverted in Dr. Dre's and Eminem's "Bad Guys Always Die".Dre: He was shady; I could tell by the look on his face
He said "Take ten paces"; shit, I took eight
- A Wild Rapper Appears!: While he did produced the track, his rap verse on Black Street's "No diggity" can be seen as this. It appears near the beginning and he doesn't return afterwords nor is he mentioned again.