Confrontation released in 1983, is the thirteenth and final album by Bob Marley.
The last project he worked on before his death, it was ultimately released posthumously just two years after he passed away. Many songs were built up from demos, with vocals from his backing choir, the I-Threes, added afterwards. As a result the music lacks his general vision and is generally seen as his least interesting album. Still it did generate the international hit "Buffalo Soldier".
- "Chant Down Babylon" (2:36)
- "Buffalo Soldier" (4:17)
- "Jump Nyabinghi" (3:44)
- "Mix Up, Mix Up" (5:02)
- "Give Thanks & Praises" (3:16)
- "Blackman Redemption" (3:33)
- "Trench Town" (3:12)
- "Stiff Necked Fools" (3:25)
- "I Know" (3:21)
- "Rastaman Live Up!" (5:26)
- Alliterative Title: "Trench Town" and "Mix Up, Mix Up"
- As the Good Book Says...:
Huh, it remind I of the days in Jericho,When we troddin' down Jericho wallsThese are the days when we'll trod t'rough Babylon, (na-na, na-na)Gonna trod until Babylon falls.
- "Stiff Necked Fools" references to characters from the Bible.
- "Jump Nyabinghi"
Noah had three sons, Ham, Shem and Japhet (Ham, Shem and Japhet)And in Ham is known to be the Prophet
- "Give Thanks & Praises"
David slew Goliath with a sling and a stoneSamson slew the Philistines with a donkey jawbone
- "Rastaman Live Up!"
Coming from the root of King DavidThrough to the line of SolomonHis Imperial Majesty is the Power of AuthoritySpread out, spread out(...) And they fallen in confusion, well-a just a step from Babel Tower
- "Blackman Redemption"
- Crapsack World: "Chant Down Babylon" and "Trench Town" sing of music as a way to fight our every day troubles.
- Cut-and-Paste Translation: Though released worldwide, it was a variation of this. It collects four songs that were previously released as singles only in Jamaica, "Blackman Redemption", "Rastaman Live Up!", "I Know" and "Trenchtown", two tracks that are remixed from Jamaican DJ-only singles: "Buffalo Soldier" and "Jump Nyabinghi" and is padded out with two finished Uprising outtakes "Chant Down Babylon" and "Give Thanks And Praises" and two remixed Kaya and Survival outtakes "Mix Up Mix Up" and "Stiff Necked Fools".
- "Days of the Week" Song: "Mix Up, Mix Up"They're so much stumbling blocks right in-a our wayMonday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, FridayThere's so much wanting, so much gaining, so much have done
- Design Student's Orgasm: Bob Marley seen fighting a dragon, representing Babylon note .
- The Dragonslayer: Bob is depicted this way on the cover.
- Dread Lock Warrior and Dread Lock Rasta:
Buffalo soldier, dreadlock rasta!
- "Buffalo Soldier" is the Trope Namer.
Grow your dreadlockDon't be afraid of the wolfpack!Rastaman live up!
- "Rastaman Live Up!"
- Face on the Cover: Marley as a knight.
- God-Is-Love Songs: "Give Thanks & Praises"Give thanks and praises to the Most-I (Jah!)Give thanks and praises so high (so high)He will not deceive us my brethrenHe will only lead us again (again)
- Grand Finale : Bob specified in his will that his family release the 1975 recording "I Know" as a single immediately after his death in 1981, which they did. However, due to his family's huge debt, it was far from the last single they released (and ironically, it was actually the 1984 release of a cover song, "One Love [People Get Ready]" that finally got him worldwide recognition). "I Know" appeared on Confrontation two years later.
- Humans Are Bastards: "Chant Down Babylon"Men see their dreams and aspiration-aCrumble in front of their faceAnd all of their wicked intention to destroy the human race
- I Just Want to Be Free: "Trench Town"Up a cane river to wash my dreadUpon a rock I rest my headThere I vision through the seas of oppression, oh-oo-wo!Don't make my life a prison
- Location Song: "Trenchtown", which describes the poverty and misery of the slums, but also how people keep their spirits high with music. In that regard it's a Spiritual Successor to the 1971 Wailers single "Trenchtown Rock", which was recorded solo for Marley's Live album Live.
- Made a Slave: "Buffalo Soldier"And he was taken from Africa, brought to AmericaFighting on arrival, fighting for survival
- Non-Appearing Title: The album title doesn't appear in the lyrics.
- Ode to Intoxication: "Jump Nyabinghi"We got the herb! (got it!)We got the herb! (got it!)We got the herb! (got it!)
- One-Word Title: "Confrontation".
- Pep-Talk Song:
Love to see when ya groove with the riddim,'Cause I love to when you're dancing from within!It gives great joy to see such sweet togetherness,'Cause everyone's doin' and they're doing their best.
- "Jump Nyabinghi"
Many a time I sit and wonder whyThis race so - so very hard to run,Then I say to my soul: take courage,Battle to be won,Like a ship that's tossed and driven,Battered by the angry sea, yea-eah!Say the tide of time was ragingDon't let the fury fall on me, no, no!
- "I Know"
Rastaman live up, rastaman don't give up!
- "Rastaman Live Up!"
- Posthumous Collaboration: Some songs were demos, which have been cleaned up a bit by adding overdubs and the I-Threes background singing to it. Marley had intended the title "Confrontation" for his next album, had he lived, and it thematically followed "Survival" and "Uprising" as a trilogy.
- The Power of Rock:
And how I know - and how I knowA reggae music, make we chant down BabylonWith music, make we chant down BabylonThis music, make we chant down Babylon
- "Chant Down Babylon"
Hey, Mr. Music, why don't you wanna play?Don't you know today is a bright holiday, yeah! Holiday!Some people waiting for the message that you bringThey listening to every word that you'll sing
- "Mix Up, Mix Up"
We free the people with music, sweet music
- "Trench Town"
- Real Life Writes the Plot: "Buffalo Soldier" refers to the black U.S. cavalry regiments, known as "buffalo soldiers", who fought in the Indian Wars after 1866.
- "The Reason You Suck" Speech: "Stiff Necked Fools"Stiff-necked fools, you think you are coolTo deny me for simplicity.Yes, you have gone for so longWith your love for vanity now.Yes, you have got the wrong interpretationMixed up with vain imagination.
- Record Producer: Bob Marley, Rita Marley and Errol Brown
- Repurposed Pop Song: "Stiff Necked Fools" reuses some of the lyrics from an at-the-time unreleased Bob Marley & The Wailers song from 1969, "Wisdom", which was also recorded in 1981 by Peter Tosh on his album "Wanted Dread And Alive" under the title "Fools Die". "Wisdom" was released by Trojan Records after Marley's death and is regarded as one of his best early songs.
Youth and youth agree toCool runnings, can you dig it?Cool runnings: yeah, one more time! A beg-ya!Cool runnings, can you stop it?Cool runnings: spread out, spread out, spread out, spread out!
- Cool Runnings: The film title is inspired by the song "Cool Runnings" by ex-Wailer Bunny Wailer, which in turn was taken from a phrase from "Blackman Redemption"