Translators are professional people who would never put their political ideology, religion or other such opinions above their job, and would never violate the text in order to advance their own views.
Well, most of them, anyway.
This trope is about the exceptions. Translators or editors that would, yes, and do, yes, ignore or twist the original meaning of a word or text in order to advance their point of view. Serious translators consider this an utterly unprofessional and even evil breach of ethics and of the reader's trust. Unprofessional ones, however, couldn't care less, and the result is a Translation with an Agenda.
These are translations that gleefully ignore or twist the original text in order to pursue a political agenda either of the translator or of the editor/employer of the translator. Whereas a Tactful Translation is meant to smoothen the edges of a situation, a Woolseyism is essentially a distilled translation and a Cut-and-Paste Translation tends to have cultural or logistical reasons, a Translation with an Agenda is done solely to advance a political, religious, or otherwise ideological goal — twisting or ignoring the original work by falsely identifying villains in it with one's political opponents, mistranslating a "good" adjective as something more specific related to one's agenda, or even by simply mistranslating most or all of the text to make it a tract on one's views. Note that this isn't a mere mistake or simple unconscious bias — there is actual, conscious intent to make the translation fit one's views regardless of what is said in the original text.
Needless to say, fans, translators, and translator fans who realize what's going on get quite furious, with good reason.
- A famous, and somewhat universal, joke has a translator interpreting what the captured rich man is saying, and vice versa his captors. Repeated demands for the location of a treasure, threatening the hostage's life, only get the answer "I won't tell" from the hostage — until one of the bandits draws a weapon, at which point the hostage shouts where the treasure is hidden. The (clearly greedy) translator looks at the other bandits, and says 'he says you don't have the balls to shoot him, boss.'
- In The Fifth Elephant of Terry Pratchett's Discworld series, Gaspode the Wonder Dog helps Carrot question a rescued wolf, but in the process casts Carrot as a wolf-hating psycho who has poisoned the chicken he's offering as a bribe.
Carrot watched the wolf flee.
"Odd," he said. "You've have thought it'd be hungry, wouldn't you?"
Gaspode looked up from the roast chicken. "Wolves, eh?" he said, indistinctly.
- In Agatha Christie's Hercule Poirot story "The Stymphalian Birds", two conwomen stage the murder of an Invented Individual who they claim is the abusive husband of one of them in a Central European country and get the mark to give them money that they claim they will use to bribe the police to cover up the murder. Since the mark is a monolingual Englishman, he has to trust them to do all the talking to the police. They get caught when they later translate an innocent conversation with another guest as that guest revealing that she knows about the murder and demanding a payoff. At that point, the mark consults fellow guest Hercule Poirot about the apparent Blackmail, and the con unravels.
- In a rare heroic example, the translator from the Sherlock Holmes story "The Greek Interpreter" exploited the kidnappers' ignorance of Greek, questioning their prisoner about the circumstances of his captivity while they thought he was interrogating him about things they wanted to know.
- Subverted in Lawrence Block's Tanner's Twelve Swingers where despite his boss' request that he "translate" an eastern European political author's latest book in a way which would be more favorable to the western countries, especially the US, the title character fully intended to translate it "word for glorious word."
- In the Christopher Stasheff book A Wizard in Chaos, a boss's steward is deliberately mistranslating prices quoted by merchants and taking the excess. This lands him in trouble when the protagonist, a telepath, shows up.
- In X-Wing: Starfighters of Adumar, Wedge Antilles and a few of his squadmates have been roped into a diplomatic mission to the neutral world of Adumar, whose Hat is an obsession with fighter pilots killing each other for honor points. The locals speak enough Basic for Wedge and the others to just about get by, but he still relies heavily on his diplomatic advisor to navigate any cultural issues. Said advisor gets increasingly irritated with Wedge for not engaging in lethal duels with the natives like the Imperial delegation is doing, until Wedge accuses him of overstepping his authority for the sake of the mission. Things come to a head when their host country's leader declares himself ruler of the whole planet and asks for the foreign pilots' assistance bringing the rest of the world to heel - Wedge of course refuses, and the diplomat hurries over to try to phrase things more politely. But instead the diplomat tells the local ruler a sob story about Wedge dearly wanting to aid him in his war of conquest, but being trapped by his other obligations, with an honorable death in battle his only escape. So the ruler declares Wedge and the other New Republic pilots fugitives, making them fair game for anyone out to earn some personal honor by murdering them, and forcing the heroes to fight their way to safety.
- Teriana from Dark Shores has been forced to help Marcus and his legions conquer Dark Shores but she constantly tries to undermine their efforts, sometimes with the help of creative translation (as for a time she is the only person who speaks local languages).
- Reds: In order to better motivate a crowd of Muslims to support the Bolsheviks, Zinoviev uses this trope to replace Reed's call to class war with a call to jihad.
- One episode of Torchwood: Miracle Day names the Translation with an Agenda process "Harry Bosco" after an In-Universe example. In this episode, figuring out what was actually said before the translation was Harry Boscoed is a major plot point.
- In the Doctor Who episode "Planet of the Ood", the slavers' presentation reveals that they offer a selection of translation devices to make the eponymous race's speech conform to what their masters want to hear, thus creating the illusion of Happiness in Slavery.
- The magazine ran a series of Newspaper Comic strips which had been (allegedly) adapted by the Soviet Union, re-translated into English, which had the various characters bemoaning their fates or otherwise delivering very unsubtle stabs at the American Way. For example, in a Peanuts Halloween strip which showed the kids going Trick or Treating, the speeches were changed to the kids having to go begging door to door to get something to eat and being so embarrassed by having to do so that they dress in costumes so nobody will see their shame.
- There was a "Mad Look At" strip where a man was speaking at a political rally with someone translating into Sign Language. Everyone in the room gets offended. The last panel is the interpretor being paid by the man's opponent.
- In Bang-Bang-a-Boom!, Loozly loiters around the alien Gholos; the entity's language is so complex, even the Doctor can't understand it, so Loozly translates for him, keeping his species' traditional hardline stance against Angvians. It turns out Gholos is actually part of a delegation trying to strike a peace treaty with the Angvians Loozly is ferociously against, so he's been translating his pleas for help as insults and bravado.
- In Knights of the Old Republic II: The Sith Lords, the HK-50 droids masquerade as protocol droids (who among other things work as translators) to spread anarchy and war by ruining diplomatic confrontations. Judging by some of the cut content (where you see the place they're manufactured and trained), they are not at all subtle about it, often opening conversations with vile insults and overt threats they attribute to their "masters".
- in Sam & Max Save The World, Sam is tasked as the translator between Whizzer and the president, despite the fact that both speak English. The president nonetheless insists that he can't understand anything Whizzer says, so Sam has to deliberately mistranslate in order to accomplish his goals.
- Mass Effect: Averted, but the aversion itself is an agenda. The normally-insular Batarian Hegemony makes a point of providing up-to-date glossaries and language rules to the rest of the galaxy, in order to facilitate the spread of their propaganda.
- Dragon Age: Inquisition:
- Solas speaks Elvish better than anyone else in the series (yes, including other elves), and occasionally mutters full sentences, instead of just peppering a word here and there like all the other elves do. If you ask what he said, his translations are always at least a little bit wrong. For example, at the Well of Sorrows, he tells Abelas "Malas Amelin ne Halam, Abelas." Solas tells the Inquisitor he hoped that Abelas would find a new name, since Abelas means "sorrow." It actually translates as "Now the blood is finished," a reference to the "blood writing" ancient elves used to identify themselves as slaves to their gods (and modern elves use as tribal markings).
- Downplayed with Iron Bull. When the Inquisitor finds out that his qunari name/rank is "Hisraad," Bull says that it translates as "weaver of illusions." Another qunari bluntly says that it just means "liar."
Iron Bull: Well you don't have to say it like that.
- In Gunnerkrigg Court, we have Zimmy, who translates for the Polish-speaking Gamma. Zimmy has a tendency to "translate" a lot of what other people say into insults, to prevent Gamma from making friends with anyone else, and thus keep her around.
- In Alone, Together the main characters Danni and Jerom are soldiers from two different nations that were recently at war stranded on an island together, neither speaks the other's native tongue and Danni never heard that the war ended. Eventually some pirates come by and Jerom speaks to them in an island trade language, asking one who speaks Danni's language to tell her that the war is over. The pirate tells her that the war is still going on. However, she happens to speak the trade language.
- Tuuri Hotakainen of Stand Still, Stay Silent is the only member of the expedition who can translate Finnish. Her cousin Lalli doesn't speak anything but Finnish... and Tuuri has a history of dismissing Lalli's perspective when she wants him to go along with something. This affects how she conveys orders from Sigrun and translates his scouting reports.
- The final The Critic webisode showed an alternate ending to Pearl Harbor for the Japanese market.
- In The Adventures of Sam & Max: Freelance Police, a yeti/abominable snowman they are with creates a lynch mob out of a remote village by altering what the duo asked him to say to sound like threats.
- Done by Sabine Wren in the Star Wars Rebels episode "Droids in Distress". When asked to translate an Aqualish merchant's words into Basic for the benefit of Maketh Tua, Sabine mostly translates faithfully, but doctors the translation to give the wrong docking bay where the MacGuffin is stored.
- There's an infamous scanlation◊ of Cardcaptor Sakura where Tomoyo's Love Confession to Sakura is unchanged, but presented with a Note From Ed on the side that reads "Ewww..." It's uncertain if this was in reaction to the lesbianism, the fact that they're both underage, or to the fact that they're cousins, but fans were not amused. A professional translator abstains from commentary, regardless of the circumstances.
- An editor for Commie, an anime fansub group, took this Up to Eleven with the ED for the last episode of Inugami-san to Nekoyama-san. He altered the lyrics to express his hatred of the show and regret of picking it up in not very subtle terms:
Woof, woof, woof, IT'S FINALLY OVER
I don't have to work on this shit anymore
Meow, meow, meow, I regret everything
At least it wasn't as bad as Infinite Stratos 2
I only did this shit cause it had Touyama Nao
But not even she could save it
Oh well, at least it's over
See you for season 2!
(which is hopefully never)
- The 4Kids Entertainment dub of Pokémon: The First Movie went beyond 4Kids's usual practices of Bowdlerization and Cultural Translation and changed the moral from "all life is equal" to "fighting (at least to the death) is bad", which is quite a Broken Aesop in a franchise like Pokémon.
- Funimation's dub of Miss Kobayashi's Dragon Maid changed a line from,
Tohru: What's with that outfit?
Lucoa: Everyone was always saying something to me, so I tried toning down the exposure. How is it?
Tohru: You should try changing your body next.
- to this,
Tohru: What are you wearing that for?
Lucoa: Oh those pesky patriarchal societal demands were getting on my nerves, so I changed clothes.
Tohru: Give it a week, they'll be begging you to change back.
- The Netflix 2019 redub of Neon Genesis Evangelion had a background newscast mention "leftist terrorists" (where in the original dub, they were just "terrorists"), leading to some people questioning the translator's political agenda.
- A Brazilian localization of a Batman comic had the variety that adds political bias. The translator translated "Nasty", a general insult, as a specific political slur regarding people of a certain Brazilian political party. Since the editor responsible is affiliated with a magazine well-known in Brazil for utterly hating said political party and since there's several simpler ways to translate the word into Portuguese it's clear that this trope was in play.
- Garfield is probably one of the least politically charged comic strips in existence. Despite this, one Norwegian translation team that worked on it back in the 80's kept insisting that Jon subscribes to Klassekampen, a well-known left-wing newspaper. And considering what a Straw Loser Jon was at the time...
- Another from Brazil: in an issue of Daredevil where Kingpin was elected mayor of New York on a populist platform with a lot of fake news the editor translated the phrase "Fisk rules" on the sign of one of his voters as "Fisk mito". "Mito" (meaning "myth") is a well-known nickname for Jair Bolsonaro, A Brazilian far-right president who is often accused of having been elected by riding a populist wave and spreading fake news...
- While the book has never been translated fully, at least some of the controversy regarding The Satanic Verses in the Arabic speaking world can be attributed to the fact that the title was sometimes deliberately translated using the word "ayat", which specifically means the verses of the Quran as opposed to its more general English title.
- Paweł Łęczycki - a 17th century Polish Bernadine monk - was the translator of Giovanni Botero's travelogue Relazioni universali. Apart from fixing some of Botero's errors in the sections relating to Poland, Łęczycki also seemingly added some content reflecting his biases—e.g. in a listing of Greater Poland's major cities he added a bunch of cities which happened to house Bernardine convents, and in the section on Russia he put in a bunch of mean jabs at the country.
- The Polish translation of Tony Judt's opus magnum Postwar was released in Poland with an entire section filled with the publisher's comments on particular excerpts and although the text proper remained faithful to the original, quite a few notes and observations made in said comments may appear somewhat unnecessary if not downright political in their nature. Aside from correcting genuine historical mistakes, obviously most of them relating to Polish history, the publisher does shove their two cents into, for instance, some of Judt's less than enthusiastic remarks on Pope John Paul II, calling those "controversial at best".
- C. S. Lewis's Miracles was translated into Japanese by a Baptist translator who Bowdlerized a few passages to make it seem as though Lewis was The Teetotaler and a non-smoker. Lewis suspected that the changes were made on doctrinal grounds that he didn't agree with— in person, Lewis was an Anglican who was an avid beer drinker and pipe smoker.
- Some Jewish people accused Christians of doing this to the Old Testament, translating lines from the original Hebrew to make them sound like prophecies applicable to Jesus. Of particular note is the line "A young woman shall conceive and bear a son" (Isaiah 7:14) where "young woman" was translated as "virgin". Even before that it's thought that the young woman -> virgin translation happened before Christianity existed and occurred in the first major translation of the Old Testament from Hebrew into Greek, called the "Septuagint," which was completed by 132 B.C.
- Isiah has many examples, as many translators over the centuries have found it irresistible to retroactively tinker with the prophecies to fit Christian dogma a little better. For example, the Hebrew uses the word messiah to refer to both the prophecised Messiah and King Cyrus of Persia, a ruler popular with the Jewish population for encouraging freedom of religion, but many translations choose to Translate the Loanwords, Too when referring unambiguously to Cyrus, calling him 'the one anointed by God', while using the loan word in all other cases.
- Most mainstream translations give Isiah 53:5 as 'he was pierced for our transgressions', adding an allusion to Jesus's side being pierced with spears in the Crucifixion. A more accurate translation would be 'wounded by our transgressions', with no specific indication of piercing.
- The KJV also explicitly translated a mythological animal's Hebrew name to "unicorn" in the context of a lion and a "unicorn" together symbolizing a people specially cherished by God and destined for great things. Unicorns were not known in ancient Israel, so artistic license applied here. Guess whose national insignia is a lion and a unicorn... and the KJV was an English translation.
- Speaking of English translations of the Bible, the Geneva Bible was infamously biased in favor of the type of Calvinism embraced by the vast majority of Puritans. This fact, plus the fact that the other, state-sanctioned translation was of less than satisfactory quality, helped pave the way for the King James Version in the first place.
- Though it is worth mentioning that a bit of royal Executive Meddling regarding the rules for translators (reproduced here) insisted on keeping in the "old ecclesiastical words", presumably to not rock the boat of the status quo too much. So for example we have "charity" for "love", "church" instead of congregation/gathering/assembly, "bishop" (when the Greek word is literally translated "overseer"), "baptize" (the Greek word meaning to immerse, which might upset those in favor of sprinkling) etc.
- A New Testament example is the common practice of translating the Greek word "doulos" as "servant" when it meant "slave". The New Testament has a lot of casual and uncritical references to slaves, but slavery is nowadays considered abhorrent. At the time it was simply matter-of-fact.
- The Temperance Bible altered every instance of Jesus drinking wine to drinking grape juice. Also, every other mention of wine is retranslated "grape juice", unless someone is getting drunk off it or condemning it. note
- The ending salutation in Romans 16 references Junia, a female deacon or church leader. Nearly all English Bibles (exceptions to this include the New King James Version and more scholarly ones, like NRSV) render this name as "Junias" in an attempt to make it masculine and disguise the fact that some early church leaders were women.
- The word "baal" literally means "lord", "master" or "Husband" in various Semitic and Arabic languages (including Early Hebrew). Often misinterpreted to be a god in the semetic pantheon, it's actually a euphemism for deification of the current king. At some point, a translator, possibly attempting to brush Baal worship completely out of Hebrew history, changed all instances of baal to bosheth ("shame") in order to write out the name of Baal, including in names where the word was literally intended as "Lord" in unambiguous reference to YHWH — so Saul's son Eshbaal ("great is the lord") became Ishbosheth ("great is the shame"), Jonathan's son Meribaal ("from the mouth of the lord") became Mephibosheth ("from the mouth of shame"), etc. This carries through to most Bibles and Scriptures with the exception of scholarly works.
- 1 Samuel 41 writes that David and Jonathan kissed and wept when they had to say goodbye to one another. A kiss would not have been an unusual gesture between two friends in a tender moment in that place and time period, so most translations leave it in. However, many conservative modern translations specify that the two friends kissed each other's cheeks—a detail not mentioned in the original Hebrew—to avoid mental imagery the translators considered problematic. The Living Bible goes further, and dispenses with translation issues altogether by simply bowdlerising the passage to "and they sadly shook hands".
- Ecclesiastes 11:2 is usually translated along the lines of "Give a portion to seven, or even to eight, for you know not what disaster may happen on earth" (ESV), one of many times the Bible urges those with wealth to spend it supporting the community. The NIV translates it as "Invest in seven ventures, yes, in eight; you do not know what disaster may come upon the land" and continues the verse by urging people to diversify a stock portfolio. It goes without saying that the particular economic system being justified there did not exist at the pre-feudal time Ecclesiastes was written, and would, in fact, have been considered sinful under Old Testament money handling laws. The NIV is an American translation from the Cold War era, so imagining King Solomon as a wise investor rather than as a wise man of generosity had a political motivation.
- Song of Songs has a controversy over a line from the Beloved that would be literally translated from Hebrew as "I am black and beautiful". Many translations change it to something along the lines of "although I am black, I am beautiful". The context of the scene is that the Beloved is tanned dark because her brothers have forced her to work in the sun all day, thus changing her to be against Hebrew beauty standards, making this change a little less offensive; but the Hebrew had her insisting her black skin was a part of her beauty, while many translations made in times of racism and colorism had her claim her beauty despite her dark skin.
- The Conservative Bible Project is an unfinished work that attempts to retranslate parts of the Bible that would be considered "liberal" in the mind of its project leader. Even some hard-core conservatives found this to be rather blasphemous.
- Many Chinese films will have lines altered when exported to the US to remove any pro-Chinese political messages. With some films, this not only means taking out overt references, but anything that can be construed as even vaguely political. Suffice to say, has become a Berserk Button for fans.
- The Franco Regime had a board of censors to make sure Spaniards weren't exposed to foreign filth and dangerous political ideas. This extended to movie dubbing, and some efforts of the censors are still legendary in Spain, the most egregious one being turning the protagonists of the adulterous affair in Mogambo to an innocent-looking brother and sister, making their visually hinted relationship incestuous instead in a spectacular backfire. Another straightforwardly political one was omitting Rick's past as a fighter for the Spanish Republic in Casablanca.
- While not as exaggerated as the Spaniard ones, Mexican-Spanish dubs did this sometimes. As a rule of thumb, any reference towards Americans going against Mexicans will be invariably changed, for obvious reasons.
- Michael Wood's In Search of Alexander documentary, following in the footsteps of Alexander the Great, gets a subtle one in thanks to a pointed translation of his Greek guide Arrian. When Wood reaches what he believes to be the site of the famous Battle of Gaugamela in Iraq, he gets out his copy of Arrian and describes Alexander's preparations for war - most prominently offering up prayers to the gods Phobos and Deimos for their aid the next day. Traditionally Phobos and Deimos are translated as something like "fear" and panic" or "terror" and "disarray", but here, in the middle of Iraq, not long after the end of the second Gulf War, Wood chooses to translate them as "shock and awe"...
- The Italian dub of Monty Python and the Holy Grail has replaced the humour with near-incomprensible political jokes.
- There is an old German dub from the 1950s of Casablanca, which bizarrely excises all references to Nazism and cuts those scenes that would have been obvious even without the dialogue. Thankfully a later dub was made that is more faithful to the original.
- A Russian hacked Fan Translation of Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories cut missions for being too violent and translates dialogue as nonsensical Author Tract segments about the author's extreme-right, straight-edge, anti-video game political views. Dageron, the translator, is regarded in the Russian gaming community as a notorious kook who ruins games, which is annoying as Russian gaming stores regularly sell his versions.
- A script editor for the Dynamic-Designs Fan Translation group known as Wildbill is fairly notorious for this kind of thing, having a nasty habit of inserting obnoxious far-right political screeds into the scripts he did the editing work for. One-text-box lines of dialogue are often expanded into several boxes worth of ranting about how looters are good-for-nothing leeches on society, or how government-provided healthcare is a terrible idea, or whatever chip Wildbill had on his shoulder that week. Proof we're not making this up: the obscure SNES Eastern RPG Shell Monster Story (Daikaijū Monogatari) was altered to insert rants against single payer healthcare, turning the villains into "socialists" and the ACLU, and having the villain defeated by the power of the villagers' faith in Jesus Christ. Perhaps surprisingly, none of this originally featured in a Japanese-made game about hermit crabs from 1994.
- The English translation of World Heroes 2 adds an extra sentence to the end of Neo Geegus's victory line, turning it into a political joke:
- In his Let's Play of Metroid Prime 3: Corruption after having railed against Yoshio Sakomoto for Metroid: Other M in earlier videos of the LP, Slowbeef translated his producers log as thus:
"Hello, this is Yoshio Sakomoto! Its not easy writing stories for Metroid considering my functional illiteracy. Honestly, I dont really like Samus, and I dont want you to like her either. I hate her and feel threatened by her. I will ruin this franchise. Im just coming out and telling you. Fuck Metroid and fuck you."
- When coming up with a word in Inuktitut (one of the principal Inuit languages of Canada) for "uranium", a translator who obviously had some personal views regarding nuclear energy rendered it as "rock that kills", vastly overstating the danger of basic uranium, and that term was used for some time before it was realized what had been done.
- The infamous national anthem of Nazi Germany "Das Deutschlandlied" begins with the lines "Deutschland, Deutschland, über alles / über alles in der Welt". This is usually translated as something along the lines of "Germany, Germany above all others / above all others in the world!"; however, the original German is a bit more ambiguous. You can interpret it as either "Germany above all (to me)" i.e. Germany should come as the first priority to its people or "Germany above all else" (i.e. Germany is the best thing in the world and everything/one else should bow down to it). Hofman von Fallersleben, the author of the lyrics, almost certainly intended the former meaning, as he was an advocate for uniting all the petty feudal states into one Germany, but both the Nazis and Antinazi propaganda during the war naturally chose to interpret it in the latter sense.
- The Dutch Christian-run broadcasting group Evangelische Omroep (EO) was the subject of controversy after it edited the David Attenborough series The Life of Mammals to remove content that was not in line with their creationist viewpoints. Attenborough was not happy about it.
- Similarly to the above "rock that kills" case, in some languages the word for waterboarding more literally translates to 'water torture'; for example, the Finnish vesikidutus. To speakers of those languages, the debate often heard in American media over whether waterboarding counts as torture comes off as hilarious as a result.
- Discussed in this blog post about French-Canadian dubs of films and TV series. Quebec makes locally-dubbed versions of anglophone movies and TV series, which are intended to fit into its homogeneous media culture along with locally-produced media, and one reason why Netflix is so controversial in the province (aside from its unwillingness to fund more Quebec-produced content) is that the French dubs of its original programming are created in France for an international audience, thus bursting the insular bubble.