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The Alleged Expert

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"This book is about how to commit the perfect murder... It's written by a man on death row. How could he possibly be an expert on the perfect murder?"
Brennan, Bones, "The Archeologist in the Cocoon"

Normally, it's seen as a good idea to get someone skilled to perform a job. If your car or house needs repair and you don't have those skills, Step One is a phone call to a repairman.

But sometimes the person you hire isn't as skilled as you'd expect a professional to be. The carpenter putting in your deck doesn't bother to make it level. The mechanic working on your car decides he doesn't need the correct part, he can make something in his shop "fit". No matter what the specific job, the one thing characters who fall under this trope have in common is that they can't note  do the job they were hired for. This character might be a Con Man, or he might have a higher regard for his "skills" than anyone else does. Sometimes the man is a veteran expert in whatever field of work the plot requires, but the moment it's pointed out that it needs someone running on "best expert in the world" levels of expertise, then anybody else instantly becomes this trope.

Distinct from Doom It Yourself and D.I.Y. Disaster in that those tropes involve amateurs attempting tasks in which they are untrained, and this trope applies to people who are (supposedly) trained and (purportedly) do for a living. Can sometimes be caught via Spot the Imposter.

Shares the same general competence level as The World's Expert (on Getting Killed). The main difference is that the Alleged Expert usually gets fired or sued, not killed. If the job involves operating a vehicle, this can overlap with Captain Crash. If the character has actual skill at several other things that aren't his actual job, you have a Modern Major General.

Compare Know-Nothing Know-It-All.


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    Comic Books 
  • Les Tuniques Bleues has a former Southerner who moved to Canada to mine gold bequeath his fortune to the South, with our heroes sent to stop him. They also hire a coureur des bois to guide them, and every time Chesterfield cites a Memetic Badass-level fact about them, the guy proves him wrong (falling flat on his face every few feet, giving them fleas, leaving clothes on anthills to get rid of parasites and getting them back full of ants). When they finally reach the prospector's cabin, they find the Southern delegation... who it turned out hired the guide's equally inept brother. The prospector dies of laughter (literally) after explaining the guides had only just gotten out of the forest from that cabin after several months (a few days' trip), and it turns out he'd only ever mined a few ounces of gold.

    Fan Works 
  • The Odds Were Never In My Favour: Durmstang champion Karl Schumacher is a member of a monster-hunting guild, but is repeatedly injured by magical creatures without putting up a good fight in the first two Triwizard Tournament tasks. He ends up being eaten by giant crocodiles, but only because Lyudmilla destroys a bridge he's standing on, so it isn't technically a case of The World's Expert (on Getting Killed).

    Films — Live-Action 
  • Casper:
    • A brief gag in the live-action film has the baddies hire Ray Stanz from Ghostbusters to remove the ghosts, but he is unable to do it.
      Ray Stanz: Who you gonna call? Someone else!
    • The "exorcist" that was hired before him (Father Guido Sarducci) was an even better example of this trope: his "training" in how to deal with the supernatural came from a video correspondence course. He comes out of Whipstaff Manor five seconds after going in, with his head twisted 180 degrees backwards (yet still acting fine).
  • Killer Elite has a downplayed example. Hunter is still a dangerous fighter but due to his age and lack of resources, he is no longer capable of pulling off the assassinations he was hired to do.
  • The Lost Boys: Comic store employees the Frog brothers advertise themselves as professional vampire hunters. While they do have some useful and accurate lore to share, there are also some pretty big holes in their knowledge. For instance, they go to the vampires' lair, ready to stake them in their coffins, only to discover that they sleep hanging from the ceiling like bats. Then, the Frogs climb up to stake them and start with the weakest looking one, at which point his death screams (predictably) wake the others up and cause them to nearly kill The Frogs.
  • The contractors from The Money Pit are a subversion. Despite their slapdash approach and colorful personalities, they do manage to do a good job of more or less rebuilding the eponymous Pit.
  • The core of the plot of MouseHunt focuses around 2 brothers who inherit an old house but try everything they can think of to get rid of a little pesky mouse. Eventually they have to hire Caesar, a professional exterminator who NEVER gives up until the job is finished, even if his methods are more than a tad crazy. After using everything in his arsenal and every trick in the book, even he's not able to get rid of the mouse.
  • Played for Drama in Munich. One of the team members is supposed to be a bomb-maker, but every device he builds is faulty in some way. Eventually, he reveals that he was actually trained as a bomb defuser, and only agreed to try his hand at building them when asked to by Mossad following the Munich attacks.
  • Subverted in My Cousin Vinny. The Public Defender assigned to the case turns out to be the "bumbling professional" and should have caused the judge to call for a more experienced lawyer; meanwhile Vinny wins the case despite never having worked as a lawyer.
  • North Country: In a Deleted Scene, the former big-city lawyer who is helping Josey with her sexual harassment suit reveals that he specializes in convincing people to accept settlements and has never argued a case before a judge before. He still wins the case.
  • Spence in Ronin is supposedly an ex-SAS trooper turned mercenary brought in to provide firepower for the team. In the first firefight (and immediately later on when proposing a real piece of high-risk Hollywood Tactics for the heist), he is exposed as a fraud and dismissed from the team.
  • Scream 2: Downplayed and Played for Laughs, but the film class teacher is unable to tell whether Mickey or Randy got a line from Aliens right.
  • A staple of The Three Stooges shorts. Piloting, plumbing, home constructing, engine repair, medicine, espionage, cooking, painting, training, advertising, artillery gunnery, banner gluing, liquor brewing, census taking, babysitting, baggage handling, photography work, science work, detective work, sheriff work, leading a freaking country, you name it — they are a Walking Disaster Area in each and every field and will bring humiliating destruction to anybody dumb enough to hire them.

  • Discworld has "Bloody Stupid" Johnson, an architect and inventor who was so incompetent that some of his designs broke the laws of reality. For example, he designed Empirical Crescent, which looks like a normal upper-class neighborhood until one discovers that inside the front door of No. 1 opens into the back bedroom of No. 15, among other impossibilities. At one point, he was in high demand among the nobility, because it was seen as a mark of someone's wealth that they could afford to waste their money on something he made.
  • Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets: Gilderoy Lockhart was hired as the new Defense Against the Dark Arts instructor due to his track record of defeating magical monsters. It turns out that his only real skill is stealing the credit for those defeated monsters from the witches and wizards who actually did the work. That, and Memory Charms.
  • The Lost Fleet: Two characters introduced in Boundless.
    • Dr. Macadams presents himself as the galaxy's leading expert on extraterrestrial studies, but has a horrible case of Confirmation Bias and ignores any contributions (no matter how valuable) from people he considers to be his intellectual inferiors. He only got his current job due to his high-level connections and his Hates Everyone Equally attitude making him appear unbiased.
    • Dr. Kottur is the head of a high-profile mission to link the Alliance and Phoenix Stars Hypernet gates, but he knows more about the big picture principles than the technical workings of the devices.
      Jasmine Cressida: Kottur wasn't that good at coding. His scientific skills were mostly in the area of academic politics.
  • In Moonbase Alpha (by Stuart Gibbs), the base's psychiatrist, a former self-help guru, is a quack who "got his medical degree from a sixth-rate school in the Bahamas." He only got the job because NASA wanted a celebrity as part of the crew for good press.
    Dash: But he's famous.
    Chang Hi-Tech: That's doesn't mean he's good.
  • The Naked Sun: Solaria's sole sociologist, Dr. Quemont, is self-taught and can't bring himself to be in the same room as another human being (although, to be fair, the same is true of most Solarians). And if that's not bad enough, he's never even studied basic and valuable sociology principles developed on other planets.
  • The Pushcart War: The three qualified panelists on a panel to discuss NYC's horrendous traffic do nothing of note besides discussing things that people already know in fancier terms and suggesting "a more thorough conditioning of drivers to hopeless situations." The only remotely accurate and insightful comment gets uttered by a movie star who is only invited to the panel as a publicity stunt.
    "And what do you think, Ms. Gambling?" asked the moderator, as the three experts began to argue with each other.
    "I don't know what they're talking about." said Wenda Gambling.
    "Well," said the moderator, who was not quite sure himself, "I believe our subject this evening was traffic."
    "Oh," said Wenda Gambling. "Well I think there are too many trucks and that the trucks are too big."
  • Star Wars: Knight Errant: The tie-in novel has an example where it's not the "experts" fault, given how the Not-So-Well-Intentioned Extremist dictator of their homeworld forces everyone to switch jobs every few weeks so that they aren't settled enough to oppose her.
    Arkadia: My top technicians have been all over it. They can't figure it out.
    Kerra: [thinking] Your top technicians were probably cooks last week.

    Live-Action TV 
  • Barry Zuckercorn from Arrested Development is a lawyer, but not a very good one. He routinely gives out poor legal advice and at one point has to look up something on Ask Jeeves. His advice even gives Michael some unneeded angst in the pilot, when George puts Lucille in charge of the Bluth Company instead of him.
    George: Michael, the SEC has been after me for years. If I had put you in charge, you'd be in here wearing one of these orange jumpsuits yourself. You'd be an accomplice! [beckons Michael closer and whispers] The deal is they can't arrest a husband and wife for the same crime. Get it?
    Michael: Actually, that's not true, dad.
    George: It's not?
    Michael: No.
    [George buries his face in his hands]
    George: I've got the worst fucking attorneys.
  • On Community, it seems to be par for the course for Greendale Community College to assign teachers to a course they know nothing about. In season one, Chang admits he doesn't know how to speak Spanish and isn't credentialed as a Spanish teacher (he gets fired as a result). In season two, Professor Duncan is assigned to teach Anthropology which he immediately admits he knows nothing about.
  • Fawlty Towers: The builder who Basil repeatedly insists on hiring for the hotel in the second episode might as well be carrying a sign that says "Incompetence, Inc."
  • The Monroe brothers on Green Acres are supposedly the best contractors in Hooterville, yet they make an absolute mess of remodeling the Douglases' home. Justified in that, before then, they were only building chicken coops (which is exactly what they build the very first day on the job).
  • Kaamelott: In this Arthurian Legend parody, Merlin is prompt to point out that he's not just an Inept Mage, but a Druid. However, his qualifications as a druid are lacking too. He cannot control his Animorphism (while implying at another time other druids can), his nature-based spells go awry just like any other magic he attempts, and he can't even read the Druidic language.
    Arthur: In the end, is he really a druid, or has he been pulling my leg for years?
  • Northern Exposure: In "A Bolt from the Blue," the state police hostage negotiator's tactics consist of extremely terse small talk and asking his adversary to promise not to take anyone who comes inside to talk to him hostage for additional leverage. And he only thinks to worry about giving a potentially unhinged man another hostage during a standoff after Joel points it out.
  • NUMB3RS: Zigzagged in episode 7. The fingerprint technicians convicted a man due to thinking that an upside down index fingerprint was a thumbprint. While there are some commonalities that make the mistake understandable, the main technician is kind of a Smug Snake and is reluctant to admit how much room for error there is in her work.
  • One episode of Reno 911! had the Reno sheriff's department bring in an FBI profiler to help them with a case. The profiler, however, turned out to be even more incompetent than the deputies usually are.

    Video Games 
  • Fallout: New Vegas has Fantastic, a technician hired by the NCR to fix the power grid at Helios One, who has absolutely no idea what he's doing. An optional side quest is to fix the grid yourself. If you do, Fantastic will end up with full credit for the work and may (depending on how you did in the quest) be promoted.
    Fantastic: They asked me how well I understood theoretical physics. I said I had a theoretical degree in physics. They said, "Welcome aboard."
  • Garrus Vakarian in Mass Effect 3 was appointed by the Turian Hierarchy as their "Reaper Expert" to assist in the war against them, a position he is not too happy with given how limited his (and Shepard's) knowledge about the Reapers is; however it's actually a subversion, since considering Garrus' adventures with Shepard fighting the Reapers in the previous two games, there's no other live turian with the knowledge and experience (limited as it is) that Garrus has.

    Visual Novels 
  • Invoked by the title character of Melody when the protagonist starts tutoring her — at least, until he starts mentioning the big-name musicians he's played with.

    Web Animation 
  • Sheriff Hayseed: Todd Hayseed got the job as Troughwater's sheriff because he said on his resume he helped guard the Whatchamacallum fortune, which Joy took as a sign he was competent. It turns out that Whatchamacallum is a knick-knack store in his hometown, and he was a cashier there. His experience in guarding a fortune was helping his boss hide his fortune from the IRS.

  • Marina from Crystal Heroes claims to have used to be an adventurer (in the D&D-style hired RPG party way), but when the party gets into their first real fight in the dungeon, she freezes up completely out of fear. Afterwards, it's revealed that Marina never actually was part of an adventurer party in the past. She did travel around with them, but only did domestic tasks for them instead of helping fight.
  • In The Handbook of Heroes, Inquisitor's job is to investigate crimes and pursue the culprits. She is, however, regularly portrayed as having rather lackluster detective skills. (And the rest of Team Bounty Hunter hardly helps.)
  • Belkar was invited to join The Order of the Stick on the grounds that he's a ranger, and Roy assumed that he had some skills as a tracker. Belkar later reveals that he hasn't invested a single point in his track skill, and only took the class because it lets him dual wield knives.

  • Rinkworks' Computer Stupidities section has two whole pages for these:
    • One for incompetent tech support. Three have no idea what Linux is, more than can be counted try solutions that have nothing to do with the reported problem, one doesn't know that "k-baud" refers to a thousand baud, one who works for an ISP doesn't recognize the term "domain", and one doesn't know what a modem is.
    • One for incompetent salesmen. Most of the examples have the salesman use terminology incorrectly. A couple think that Linux is a game. One refuses to let the storyteller buy something since it would prove his details wrong. At least one loses his job when the storyteller proves to be a better salesman.
    • Meanwhile, the other pages have a few examples of incompetent computer teachers. For example, the one who didn't know you couldn't touch the surface of a floppy disk or the one who tried to adjust the size and focus of an overhead projector using the same knob for both.
  • The Daily WTF, a site for showcasing computer programming horrors, often exhibits the work of Highly Paid Consultants. The code these HPCs create tends to be a barely-functional, un-maintainable mess of spaghetti which, if you're very lucky, might do something vaguely resembling the actual requirements.

    Western Animation 
  • In King of the Hill, this is one of the show's most frequent recurring plotlines. Generally speaking, so-called experts come in two flavors: a truly villainous so-called expert who has not been stopped because either nobody else truly knows better or doesn't want to go against the crowd, or someone who is genuinely talented and honest but so incredibly quirky that it's hard to tell. In the case of the former example, it's often implied they're in Arlen because they couldn't get a job anywhere else.
    • Hank's house tests positive for mold right before a big homes tour. It turns out the mold inspector is just dragging his feet to squeeze more money out of the insurance company (and in fact it's all a big racket involving him, Hank's insurance agent and another guy who all work for the same company).
    • The first episode has a plot wherein some social services guy tries to take Bobby away without bothering to do any actual research on his home's status. When the proper research is done, the first guy gets fired. The same man appears later enforcing a disabled workers' act that forces Strickland Propane to hire a completely incompetent junkie and allows him to run roughshod over the office.
  • In the Rocky and Bullwinkle storyline "Rue Brittania", Boris has a job as an exterminator and is hired by the nephews of the deceased Earl of Krancase (who get Bullwinkle's inheritance if he dies) to exterminate Bullwinkle. After a number of failed attempts, Boris offers to pay them to kill Bullwinkle. When one says that he thought Boris was an expert, Boris says that he is an expert "at not killing moose!"