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Technology Marches On
aka: Tech Marches On

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Smaller media. Larger capacity. Not Time Lord technology.

RECR: There's no way you can defeat the superior power of my massive 56-kilobyte processor!
Coop: I've got 10-year-old video games that are smarter than you!

So little Timmy is watching a show from the 1990s. In one episode, the characters are all excited because of a new computer game that will be released very soon. A computer game — on CD-ROM!

And Timmy says, "CD-ROMs?"

You see, Technology has marched on, and things like CD-ROMs and VHS cassette tapes and so on have relatively recently become either so little-used as to be obscure, or obsolete altogether. This isn't Zeerust, which is about futuristic tech becoming old rather than about modern tech becoming old. The important qualifications of this trope are as follows:

  • Show takes place in modern or modern-ish times, usually the not-so-distant past.
  • Show makes reference to something, usually a form of technology, that is "The next big thing" or "state of the art", and indeed it was — at the time the show was made.
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  • Said technology has since proved to be impractical, has become obsolete, is at least gradually on its way out, or it is just not in the spotlight anymore.
  • Cue Hilarious in Hindsight for those who remember when said tech was either very common or hyped as the next big thing.

As far as that last point is concerned, remember that there have been spectacular technological leaps in just the past twenty years — within the lifetimes of many (read: most) Tropers, in fact! note  For the most part, once a technology is invented, it tends to develop at warp speed. Remember, it took only about 65 years (1903-1969) to go from one rickety plane barely able to get off the ground to putting a man on the MOON! So this can lead to some odd moments for those who grew up watching certain things go from "absolutely essential" to "taking up space in your basement".


To clarify, an excellent example would be a scene in a 1995 episode of Friends where Chandler gleefully describes all the awesome features of the brand-new laptop that he has received from his company. Then, it really was pretty impressive, the joke being that he'd just be using it to play computer games and type out lists. But now...

"Twelve megabytes of RAM, five hundred megabyte hard drive, with built-in spreadsheet capabilities and a modem that transmits at over 28,000 bps!" note 

There was a time when these specifications would be mockingly contrasted with a then modern counterpart. However, technology has moved on so far and so fast that Chandler's computer is now unimaginably primitive; these days, even a low-end smartphone is multiple orders of magnitude more powerful than that in every way, while fitting in the user's pocket and costing considerably less than he would have spent. Because of this, most writers nowadays don't get too specific about computer performance, to avoid sounding dated before... well, before next week, frankly.

Somewhat related are those moments during not-so-old films where you realize the entire plot could be resolved with something the world takes for granted today — cell phones, for instance. A perfect example of this would be Home Alone — the film was originally released on November 16, 1990, however within twenty years, the entire movie likely would have lasted about half an hour at most once you realize that a power outage likely wouldn't have caused a cell phone's alarm clock to reset like a plug-in alarm clock would, and in post-9/11 America, the family would have had plenty of time to realize that Kevin was missing due to the very lengthy amount of time it takes to travel through American airports due to security screenings, baggage checks, and so on.note  And even if Cell Phones Are Useless, the fact that it's now stupidly easy to stay in touch with people these days means that someone could easily get in touch with Kevin at the touch of a button via a messaging app, social media or email (among other easy methods) as opposed to having to go through the hassle of placing an international call to Chicago PD to send an officer to the house to check on him.

A related and increasingly common source of humor shows down-on-their-luck characters as only able to afford the kind of older technology found in thrift stores today. Additionally, shows set in the past will often lampshade this for humor. A Long Runner might even have its earlier episodes/books/etc. have one level of technology, and later installments have more up-to-date technology with little or no Hand Wave at all.

Often turns a work into an Unintentional Period Piece. Can sometimes be a Trope Breaker: A change in cultural context that affects Tropes. A cousin of sorts to Our Graphics Will Suck in the Future. See Magic Floppy Disk for cases when the tech onscreen in a futuristic series was dated when the show was made.

See also Computer Equals Tape Drive, Science Marches On, What Are Records?, and some examples of Aluminum Christmas Trees. Long-Runner Tech Marches On is when this happens In-Universe. Contrast I Want My Jetpack, where the writers overestimated the advance in technology. A fictional world where technology doesn't march on despite the passage of time is in Medieval Stasis. The question of how "advanced" a piece of technology looks to a layman observer, and what that even means, is part of The Aesthetics of Technology.


Computers have their own page.

"Check Out Life Before Cell Phones"

The widely available cellphone is a major Trope Breaker, leading to many clumsy explanations for why cell phones don't work in particular circumstances. And far fewer characters get murdered in a phone booth these days, for instance.

The mobile phone is actually Older Than They Think, though, especially in the form of a "car phone." While expensive and limited in many ways, commercially available car phone technology dates back to the late 1940s, often with radio used to contact an operator, who then would patch the call into the regular phone system. An episode of the 1950s TV series Superman shows editor Perry White using the MTS radiotelephone in his car to call his office. There are several episodes of Perry Mason showing Paul Drake using one, and one of the very first James Bond film gadgets was the car phone he casually uses in From Russia with Love.

There is also the matter of smartphones become common devices; with data service becoming common on top of voice/messaging service, looking up information online can done near instantly where wireless data service is available.

It's gotten to the point where you can tell the age of a show on how large their cell-phone is — cell-phones went from being battery-powered, with chargers the size of briefcases, to being the size of bricks with call-time lasting about an hour, turning into slim texting machines, to doubling as cameras, to the slim creations from around 2008-2010 that could make short videos with battery times that can last for days, to the big touchscreen multipurpose internet devices of 2016 that can make long full HD videos and have battery times that barely last more than a few hours.

Do note that while cell phones are everywhere nowadays, cell phone service is not. It is still possible to lose coverage in remote areas, especially since signal coverage is operator-specific (e.g., you can have full AT&T signal, so-so Verizon signal, and zero T-Mobile signal in the same spot) - you can even lose service within a metropolitan area or in underground areas e.g. subway tunnels - so stories where the heroes are stranded in the middle of nowhere/underground can still be plausible. (Plus it's easy to lose a cell phone, of course.)

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    Anime & Manga 
  • Becomes a plot point on Detective Conan, when Conan realizes something was amiss that a famous novelist is still writing plots that have been outmoded thanks to just about everybody and their brother having cell phones. It turned out that the said novelist's brother locked him into an attic and forced him to go on writing.
  • In the final arc of the Patlabor manga (written in the late '80s - early '90s, set in the late '90s - early 2000s) the bad guys attack the police station where the protagonists are stationed during a hurricane to force a Griffon - Ingram match. To prevent anybody from interfering, they blow up the bridges leading to the station and wreck any landline phones and radios they can find (including a car phone) so the protagonists can't call for help. Considering how common cell phones were in the early 2000s... Yeah.
  • In Revolutionary Girl Utena, super rich and powerful playboy Akio drives around town (and pretty much everyplace else) in a souped-up convertible. Everything about the car is meant to emphasize extreme luxury, and its crowning feature is the inclusion of a car phone. When the show came out, this was, typically, an item only used by powerful and wealthy businessmen, so it underscored what a well-connected player Akio was. Nowadays, it looks downright quaint, and makes the car look like a 20 year old model that Akio got second hand.
  • One of the main reasons why When They Cry takes place in the eighties, in a countryside village or in an otherwise isolated island. Word of God stated that the reason for this setting is that many of the problems the cast are confronted with could be dealt or rendered moot in a much easier way if they had access to the Internet or to wireless communications from their locations.
  • In Heat Guy J, Clair still has a rotary phone, even though the series takes place 20 Minutes into the Future. Other characters are shown using flip phones, as well.

    Comic Books 
  • Iron Man:
    • There was a time when Iron Man, maker and wearer of a flying super-strong suit of armor, had a rotary phone built into his armor. (This was the same era when said armor was powered by that wonder of the age, the transistor.)
    • In Tales of Suspense #50, Iron Man uses a slide ruler calculator built into his armor's gauntlet.
  • Batman and Robin have been known to use a hotline to talk to Commissioner Gordon. Several stories implied that the Batphone worked off a direct physical phoneline that went all the way from Wayne Manor to police headquarters. One example is an actual phone, cord and everything, in the glove compartment of the Batmobile. Also, they've used radios to talk to each other, but it was something hidden in their belts.
    • The iconic Bat Signal itself may qualify. Originally introduced in the 1940s, it was a handy way for Gordon to tell Batman he needed to see him when Bats wasn't near the hotline phone. Once tech rendered the Bat Signal unnecessary, later stories have dealt with the problem by implying that the real purpose of the signal is to inspire hope in the people of Gotham, and remind them that there is someone looking out for them — or, by contrast, to inspire fear in the criminals of Gotham and remind them that Batman is out there somewhere.
    • The series beginning with Batman: Year One actually gives Gordon a Bat-Pager initially, which he throws off the building as being "too secret", to be replaced with the Bat Signal as an open acknowledgement and endorsement of the police to Batman.
  • The Green Arrow story "Quiver" has Ollie brought back to life, about ten years out of date (long story; his soul opted to remain in heaven, but he allowed Hal Jordan to resurrect a version of himself from before his life was screwed up). Since the story was written in 1999, this means he was unfamiliar with cellphones, mistaking one for a walky-talky, and believing it to be an expensive piece of tech when he was told it could call anywhere.
  • El Negro Blanco is a 1990s Argentine comic strip. Chispa, who was avoiding her boyfriend, instructed her friend to tell him that she wasn't there if he calls to the office. And what if he calls to her cell phone? "Oh, this thing? Tell him that it's broken again", and she tosses into the trash bin, compacting everything that was there. A comic strip from the times when cell phones did exist, but had the size and weight of a brick or even more.
  • In IDW's More Than Meets the Eye, Empurata was the punishment of removing a robot's face and replacing it with a single open box and optic, like a television screen. Roberts suggested that when it became common practice in a Bad Future, to make it more severe the Functionists replaced it with what was basically a text message screen with pop-up-adverts, basically resembling a mobile phone.
    • In the 1980s, the Cassetticons were carried inside the tape-decks that were Soundwave and Blaster. Nowadays the cassette is completely obsolete and kids might not even recognise it. Now, Cassetticons transform into large USB sticks (and are known as Mini-Cons and Mini-Bots), and are frequently looked down on for their alt modes being non-mobile. Their main ability is the recording and storing of vast amounts of information.

    Fan Works 
  • The fan fiction "The Prince" is an alternate retelling of the story of Jesus Christ from the New Testament set in the Midwest USA and in the present day (originally written in the year 2000). In this fanfic, the character Lucas has a cell phone. Back in 2000, this was unusual for a 13-year-old in the 8th grade — the author included this to show that Lucas was the most scientific, intellectual, and techno-savvy of all of Joshua Christopher's friends. Nowadays, the author would have to have Lucas have at least an iPad in order to show his nerdiness.

  • The Intrepid Reporter heroine of the 1957 Big Creepy-Crawlies film Beginning of the End has a car phone. Interestingly, it's treated in a matter-of-fact way, not like an unusual technology that has to be explained to the audience.
  • In A Clockwork Orange, Alex's gang's MO for breaking into houses is to knock on doors reporting an accident and ask to use the telephone. These days it would be more suspicious that no one involved in the supposed accident has a cellphone.
  • In American Reunion, Stifler, Finch, and Oz go to Jim's neighbor's house and ask to use their phone to get roadside assistance, and are actually trying to distract them so Jim can sneak their underage daughter, who has been drinking, back into the house. The neighbors question this immediately, wondering how none of them have a cell phone.
  • In Richard Lester's 1965 Swinging London movie The Knack, a pompous guy is using a limo phone. Tom, a rather mad young man, holds up a potted plant and taps at the window. When the guy rolls it down, Tom tells him "Pardon me, sir, you're wanted on the other fern."
  • The famous "Birth" sketch (also known as "The Machine that goes Ping") from Monty Python's The Meaning of Life was, at the time, a cutting satire on what was seen as unnecessary spending on medical equipment. Nowadays, anyone who's seen a modern medical drama, with the surgeons surrounded by massive banks of electronic equipment, may wonder what all the fuss is about — to the point that operating without such equipment nowadays would be seen as unusual and dangerous. Other parts of the sketch though remain relevant.
    • Also, Cleese and Chapman tell the woman after the birth that she can get a video of the birth of her child on VHS and Betamax!
      • ... and Super 8mm film!
  • Soylent Green is set in 2022, and yet Thorn is forced to rely on police call boxes, opposed to a radio or a cell. Another note is someone playing a video game with clearly very old vector-style graphics, as opposed to the high-resolution and/or photorealistic games that have existed since the mid-2000s.
  • In Time Bandits Evil asks Robert to explain "subscriber trunk dialing", which is a means of direct dialing a long distance number (rather than going through an operator), which is now largely obsolete now that every call is direct dialed.
  • TRON: Legacy lampshades this with Alan Bradley telling Sam Flynn that he got a message on his pager from Kevin Flynn. Sam seems almost as surprised that Alan still has a functional pager as he is that the message came from his father, who disappeared over twenty years ago.
  • In 2001: A Space Odyssey, Floyd uses a video payphone. Payphones are obsolete now and video phones flopped, though video conferencing over computers is fairly common and there are Skype/Facetime apps for cell phones.
    • When Hal detects a fault on the AE-35 unit, Dave requests hard copy of that information. Hal produces a punched card.
  • The rapid evolution of the cell phone is given a nod in Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps. Among the personal items that Gordon Gecko gets back once he leaves prison is his (formerly) extravagant and top-of-the-line brick-sized cell phone.
  • Zoolander (2001) is an odd half-example. The joke is that Derek's cell phone is teeny-tiny, less than an inch long, again in reference to his pampered lifestyle and expensive tastes. But it's still a black, only slightly flattened brick, with its little antenna. It failed to anticipate that the advent of smartphones would stop dead (and maybe even reverse) the trend they were exaggerating.
  • In the original Die Hard (1988), John McClane's inability to contact the outside causes him some problems initially, as he's forced to use a captured radio to try calling the police. If he had had a mobile phone, the movie would have gone much differently. Humorously, Argyle spends most of the film luxuriating in the fact that he can call his friends on his limo's car phone.
    • In Die Hard with a Vengeance (1995), Simon Gruber makes McClane and Zeus Carver drive all around Manhattan to answer specific payphones, then bluffs the police off their radios by insinuating some of the bombs were keyed to police frequencies... then he locks up the entire New York switchboard by calling a popular radio station about the fake bomb he planted in a school, to destroy the other means of communication the NYPD could've had. Cell phones would've beaten all three methods in a second (but then again, Simon would've probably had something for that eventuality as well). Plus, the riddles would also be a lot less suspenseful if John and Zeus had just Googled the answers on their smartphones.
  • In Scream, the killer uses a cell phone to call his victims, so Billy is considered a suspect simply because he also has one. The film came out just before cell phones were about to take off, in spite of Billy's protest that "everybody's got one".
  • Used for dramatic irony in Drive Angry; the protagonist, who has been — well, out of touch for a while — picks up a cell phone, has no idea what it is or what it can do for him, and tosses it aside. He eventually figures it out and later asks a companion if she has one of those "portable phones."
  • The Haunting (1999) has Dr Marrow saying he has a cell phone in case of emergency. Naturally it gets broken and the characters can't contact anyone for help. These days the likes of Theo and Luke would definitely have one too. Eleanor perhaps not considering how repressed she was.
  • Clueless (released in 1995) is a bit of an odd example: the teen protagonist and her friends all have cellphones... which was meant to show how ridiculously wealthy and privileged they were. Since nowadays every teenager regardless of social class has a cell phone, anyone watching the film today would simply comment on how dated the phones look. Likewise, the scene where the girls are talking to each other on the phone while walking side-by-side isn't quite so hilarious because, even if they're overwhelmingly texting each other rather than talking nowadays, it's entirely possible to see people doing this in real life.
  • Similarly, the film version of The Beverly Hillbillies in 1993 had a moment where a phone rings in a school washroom (at a wealthy prep school) and it's Played for Laughs that every student pulls out her own phone to check which one is ringing. Nowadays, of course, even working-class students usually have their own phone, and individualized ringers to boot. In the same scene we're supposed to chuckle at these rich kids spreading news quickly due to access to fax machines.
  • In The Birdcage it's a fairly major plot point that while a character can dial out from her car phone, she can't receive calls on it. Thus while she can call out for her messages, and then call the protagonists, they can't call her back to say that plans have changed yet again.
  • Casino Royale (2006): The presence of mobile phones were probably intended to show how gadgets aren't necessary in the modern world. They looked terrific at the time (remember that GPS?) but amusingly, in the smartphone era, they all now look terribly out of date.
  • In a Check-Out-Life-Before-Smartphones example, when one of the passengers in Snakes on a Plane suggests they e-mail the herpetologist photos of the snakes they've killed so he can identify them, everyone else assumes they need to find a digital camera and computer. She holds up her smartphone and tells them it has both.
  • In Commando, a group of baddies kidnap John Matrix's daughter and try to use her as leverage to get him to do an assassination for them. He rebels (of course) and begins trying to get her back by tracking down the members of the group and getting them to reveal where she is. One of the first such members, Sully, frantically tries to get to a phone booth to inform his superiors about what's going on and in one case is in the middle of dialing when Matrix destroys the phone booth to stop the call from going through. Starting about 10-12 years later, Sully would almost certainly have had a cell phone and could have placed the call within seconds of seeing Matrix, leading to the grisly demise of his daughter.
  • Matilda: A point of tension in the film comes from the fact that no one believes the children about how ridiculously abusive the Trunchbull is to her students (and Miss Honey). The film was released in 1996. Nowadays, such a problem would very easily be fixed by the fact that most cell phones have video-capture capabilities, and really have been used by students to document child abuse in classrooms.
  • The Ref, has two instances that stand out in the cell phone age.
    • The One Last Job of cat burglar Gus goes badly wrong, and he forces a local upper middle class couple to hide him from police patrols in their house. There's a problem though: it's Christmas Eve, and the extended family is already on the road, so there's no possible way to cancel them coming over now! Instead they have to improvise by having Gus pretend to be the dysfunctional couple's marriage counselor, pretending to attend the dinner with them. The film came out in '94; it's a pretty safe bet that within the next five years or so the extended family would have had cell phones and could have been called off with a convincing lie.
    • At one point, Gus has to give his partner the couple's home phone number to call when the partner figures out a way to sneak Gus past the cops patrolling the area. Inconveniently, one time when the partner tries calling the house a cop checking the houses of the neighborhood picks up the phone instead. Today, it would be assumed that Gus and his partner would have cell phones that they would be calling directly, and it's pretty unlikely that such a scenario would ever come up.
  • In To Wong Foo, Thanks for Everything, Julie Newmar, a Road Trip movie about a trio of drag queens, it's a big deal when Vida tosses their road map after a bad encounter with her parents early in the trip. Chi-Chi wonders how they'll get to LA without it, and when their car breaks down in the middle of nowhere, they have no idea where in "Gay Hell" they are. The movie came out in 1995; had it been more contemporary, the queens would have had smartphones with Google Maps or a standalone GPS in the car.
  • Invoked in Kingsman: The Secret Service — when Harry is showing Eggsy all the cool spy gadgets hidden in mundane objects, Eggsy points to a wall of smartphones and asks what kind of gadget is hidden inside them. Harry admits they're just off-the-shelf smartphones, as civilian technology has caught up with the spy game in that area.
  • Part of the plot of The Wiggles Movie (Magical Adventure: A Wiggly Movie in the North American release) involves the titular group trying to find Dorothy to bring her to her surprise birthday party. The film originally was released in 1997 in Australia, and 2003 in North America. If it was released today, the Wiggles would have easily be able to call her on her cellphone, and be able to find her, direct her to the party, or clarify the whole situation with the Wally the Great. (He and the Wiggles only meet up at the end of Act 3.)
  • The plot of the '50s film Pillow Talk revolves entirely around the phenomenon of "party lines," where two people were hooked up to the same phone line. The heroine is frustrated that she's sharing a line with a womanizer who's constantly tying it up talking to his dates.
  • One major plot point in the 80's film Madhouse is that one character's doctor can't get through due to a Phoneaholic Teenager constantly using the only phone line, to the extent that said doctor finally getting through to leave an answering machine message kicks off the climax. These days, the doctor would have multiple cell phone lines he could probably call, the teen probably would have had her own phone so as to not clog other lines, the doctor could leave voice mail even if the line in question was in use, and a growing number of practitioners have a secure website for patients to check a diagnosis without even needing to speak directly to the doctor.
  • In Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle, a sequel to Jumanji, Beth complains how she misses her phone. Alex who was stuck in the game for the past 20 years, puzzled, asks whether "phone" means something else in her time... a 1996 teen could have hardly imagined the modern smartphone centered culture.
    • To be fair, she refers to it like it's one of her senses; the loss of it being like a Disability Superpower, heightening her other senses.
  • In Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home, where the crew travel back to The '80s, Gillian mistakes Kirk's communicator (when it beeps in the restaurant scene) for "pocket pager" and inquires if he's a doctor (the most obvious kind of person to be using such a device). That is, before he starts talking through it. Nowadays, it could simply be passed off as a rather odd-looking cellphone set to speaker.
  • Cloud Atlas: Averted for Meronym, as she is mostly dependent on the exact same technology as Sonmi~451's era, some 175 years prior, such as the floating half-silvered video screens and the Mauna Sol broadcast facility. Inverted entirely for Village folk and Kona, who don't have a shred of anything beyond the stone age, aside from a single book, and crossbows.

  • For all of Gibson's eerie prescience in Neuromancer, he didn't foresee the mass saturation of cellphones. As even Gibson admits, it wasn't that he was prescient, it's that a lot of people read the book, looked at some aspect of the technology and went "That's so cool! I want to have that!" and went out and made it happen.
  • Cujo. The mother and son could have called animal control and gotten out of the car in an hour if they had a cellphone. Instead, they are trapped for a couple of days.
    • Assuming they could get a signal that far outside the nearest (quite small) town.
  • In the short story "Graveyard Shift" (contained in Stephen King's Night Shift collection), King illustrates the large size of a rat by writing that it had a tail "as thick as a telephone cord." The phrase was written in 1969-70, when the cord that connected a phone to a wall outlet was about the thickness of a telephone cable. Today's readers are likely to say either "So what?" (as the cord that plugs a modern phone into a wall is considerably thinner, close to the thickness of an ordinary rat's tail) or "A 'telephone whaaaa'?"
  • In the original Nancy Drew and Hardy Boys books, there was almost always a scene of someone scrambling to find a pay phone to call for help. In the newest books, they just zip off text messages. It makes trying to get a kid interested in the old books difficult when they keep asking "What's a pay phone?"
  • Deliberately invoked in the Doctor Who Expanded Universe novel Business Unusual, written in 1997 but set in 1989. Mel's dad sees his G1 mobile phone the size of a brick as a bit of a status symbol (he's a businessman involved with computers). The Doctor is not impressed.
  • Ray Bradbury's "The Murderer" not only described a world with universal personal phones (though he imagined them on your wrist like Dick Tracy's wrist radio), he predicted the drawbacks — being called at all times by salesmen and phony surveys, the noise of other people's phones around you — to the extent that the story is told from the POV of someone who's been driven mad by it.
  • In Back to Methuselah, written in 1918-20, the 21st century has videophones, but in the far future people communicate at a distance by holding a tuning fork by their head and speaking at the same pitch. No hint how it works: it's future tech, it's meant to be baffling.
  • In the My Teacher Is an Alien series, Peter is given an incredibly useful device called a URAT (Universal Reader And Translator) by the aliens, which just goes to show how amazing their tech is. It can be used as a video communicator, can look up pretty much any information, can give you directions to anywhere you want to go, and can even be used to order merchandise that will then be delivered to your home! In short, it is a smartphone, which sounded a lot more futuristic in the early '90s when the books were written. Considering that one of the major plot threads in the story is the aliens being afraid of how quickly the human race is advancing, this could be Hilarious in Hindsight.
  • The gimmick of the children's book Calling Questers Four is that the pre-teen protagonists have the unique ability to contact each other without having to look for a payphone — they own a pair of walkie-talkies.
  • In The Baby-Sitters Club, published in the late '80s-early '90s, a big deal is made of Claudia's having her own phone line so that they can use it as the Club's number. Nowadays, of course, the girls would all have their own phones.
  • The first Red Dwarf novel from 1989 has Rimmer reminding Z-Shift to "stay by a 'phone" in case of emergencies and Petrovich trying to get through to Rimmer for "over an hour" because Rimmer isn't answering a pager-like device.
  • One of the frustrations with Mr. Quimby's unemployment in Ramona and Her Father is the fact that he (and, by extension, Ramona) has to stick close to the phone for calls about job interviews, making for many boring afternoons with a cranky father.
  • The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy:
    • The titular device is an electronic book, a revolutionary idea in 1978. It's a self-contained device with only one purpose: to serve as an electronic travel encyclopedia. Ford was researching the new edition. The author anticipated over-the-air downloads, as Ford eventually downloads an update and finds that the original, longer entry on Earth he wrote exists in the plural sector he was visiting. However, today the Guide would be a website on the galactic Internet or an app, and the device itself would be something like a smartphone or tablet. Ford would be able to send electronic messages (email, text) after getting stranded, but probably wouldn't get help anyway because most of the people he knows hate him. Even if it was a single electronic book, it wouldn't be as expensive as is hinted.note  Real stand-alone electronic books are usually reference books or religious material, made from the same (obsolete) tech as PDAs.
    • The electronic thumb would probably be met with all sorts of firewall/filter-type blocking, preventing the Dentrassi from being able to get Ford and Arthur aboard the Vogon ship. (That last bit does get somewhat referenced in So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish, which says half the electronics engineers in the galaxy are trying to find ways to block the thumb, while the other half are trying to find ways round the blocks.)
    • The ironic fate of the Golgafrinchans, an alien race who tricked all the "middlemen" into leaving the planet, only to have the movers and shakers who stayed behind killed off by a plague originating from a dirty public telephone booth (the "telephone sanitizers" were among the middlemen). This was obviously meant to be silly, but it makes even less sense in retrospect that a civilization capable of shipping 1/3rd of its population across the galaxy would still be using pay phones.
  • In Dirk Gently's Holistic Detective Agency written by Douglas Adams and published in 1987, the status and wealth of the character Gordon Way is illustrated by the fact that his Mercedes features a car phone and a tape deck.
  • In Tiger Eyes, the Framing Device for the entire novel is the death of protagonist Davey's father. He dies while waiting for an ambulance to arrive, and part of the reason it takes so long for the ambulance to get there is because it has to be called from a pay phone due to their location. If the book were being written today, the entire situation would have to be done completely differently.
  • In Bimbos of the Death Sun, set in the 1980s, an infamous fantasy author is murdered at a science fiction convention while working on his next book. Since the book was written when computers were still a niche market, the modern reader might be confused (or just plain amused) by how tech-illiterate the officer heading the murder investigation is, which results in protagonist Jay Omega (an engineering professor at Virginia Tech) being asked to help out. The officer mentally compares the Techno Babble he hears to wizards casting a spell, and when the murdered author's publisher asks for a copy of the disc with the book on itnote , he asks if copying the data would copy the fingerprints as well, though in that case he's clearly joking.
    • The concept is also discussed, since Marion Farley, Jay's love interest and an English professor, agreed to judge the entries for the convention's creative writing contest. One story set in the future has mention of a paper check being used as evidence; Jay remarks that electronic banking is already a thing and will quickly render checks obsolete.
    • The sequel (Zombies of the Gene Pool) has a lesser version, with the murder victim being thought to have died only to suddenly turn up alive. The protagonist goes online to confirm whether the man was really dead, which involves going into an early form of chat room and asking if someone who lives in the same city as the murder victim can confirm (which they do by calling the family on the phone). This can seem ridiculously convoluted, given that in a modern setting all it would have taken was a simple Google search.
  • In the Fear Street book The New Girl (first published in 1989) There is a scene where the protagonist and his Platonic Life Partner get locked in a second story classroom at the school, which is otherwise deserted. The hero (who is lucky enough to be a gymnast) has to climb out the window and down a tree in order to open the door from the outside so they can both escape. Nowadays one or both of them would likely have a cellphone and could just call and say they had been locked in.

    Live Action TV 
  • Little House on the Prairie: Although filmed in the 1970s and early 1980s, there are abundant examples of the early workings of technological marvels that we take for granted today in these episodes, set in the late 1870s and early 1880s. The telephone is first referenced in Season 4's "Whisper Country," where Mary explains to the family the new invention called the telephone. Season 5's "The Godsister" saw Charles work on a crew installing telephone line; and in Season 6's "Crossed Connections," the contraption is seen in use. All episodes were set circa 1880, which was about the time some smaller communities started to get connected.
  • The Brady Bunch: Before cell phones and smartphones, there was pay telephones. These all-but-obsolete devices make up a large part of the plots of two first-season episodes: "Sorry, Wrong Number" (where Mike installs a pay phone inside the house to teach his kids phone-related lessons) and "Tiger, Tiger" (where the family dog runs off and the family – making liberal use of pay telephones – work with Carol and Alice to track the pooch down). The former episode could easily be re-written today, with Mike being frustrated that his kids are running up cell phone bills, going "over their minutes" on their family plans and so forth; "Tiger, Tiger" has, among other reasons, become a relic of its time, as the use of other modern technologies (such as vehicle navigation systems and GPS-chipped dog collars) has also come into play along with cellular phones and smartphones.
  • Game Shows:" Oohs" and "aahs" abounded when a car phone was shown as a prize on many game shows of the 1980s era, including (but not limited to) Wheel of Fortune, Sale of the Century and The Price Is Right. Always, said item was at least $2,500, and on $ale was one of the end-game prizes (during the shopping era).
  • Agent 86's Shoe Phone in Get Smart, which was a parody of spy film gadgeteering to begin with.
  • The cast of Buffy the Vampire Slayer, which ran from 1997 to 2003, would have been saved from many a scrape if they'd just had cellphones. Quite a few episodes use a character being in peril and unable to contact Buffy as a plot device. This wasn't a big deal in the earlier seasons, but the show hit it big just as cellphones were starting to become mainstream, so after a few years it began to seem rather odd, especially since the cast was full of teenagers (later, young adults), the group most likely to carry a cellphone. This was lampshaded at the start of the final season (in September 2002) when Buffy gives her sister Dawn "a weapon" to help protect herself, which turns out to be a cellphone. From then on most of the cast had cellphones — although ironically, they hardly ever needed to use them, since that season also saw every single character move into Buffy's house. One episode reveals that Giles does indeed own a pager, joking that they should page him if the apocalypse happens when he's not around.'
    • Indeed, the 2018 comic reboot of the series altered many early season show plots by having Sunnydale students using the Internet, Twitter and other modern technology.
  • Angel. In order to hand-wave it, they explained it as Angel being a cranky old man unwilling to adapt to new technology. Also, bad coverage.
  • The first episode of The Prisoner (1967) uses a cordless phone as an eerie, impossible-seeming device that the protagonist does a double take at. Though it does still have an odd Zeerust design so nowadays it can seem like that's what he's noticing.
  • The first season of Due South (1994) had Fraser track a drug dealer by triangulating the signals from the cell phone towers the dealer's cell phone was using. The script establishes Fraser's solution as innovative and clever, and has Fraser's partner loudly doubt that it will work. Cell phones weren't very common in 1994, and it wasn't common knowledge that they even could be tracked. Today, it's routinely done; and using triangulation is neither a quaint relic (Fraser introduces the idea as "the way we used to track caribou up north") nor especially obscure. In fact many modern Smart Phones can use the same technique as a local GPS equivalent.
  • In a Saturday Night Live Weekend Update, Kevin Nealon says "And a recent study indicates that cellular phone users may be more likely to develop brain tumors. The problem has gotten very little public attention, however, since most people don't care if people who use cellular phones die." Probably wouldn't get that much applause now.
  • One of the reasons the 1960s Batman show used the Bat-phone far more than the more well-known Bat-signal was because it was supposed to be cool that Batman would have a phone in his car and would let the show seem more high-tech. More recent comic storylines even lampshaded this, with Commissioner Gordon asking if he could just have Batman's cell phone number instead of having to turn on the Bat-signal every time he needed help.
  • In an episode of Ellen, she and her friends are in a limo and one of the characters wants to call someone to brag that she's calling from a limo, and another character retorts "Do you think Steven Spielberg calls his friends saying "Guess where I'm calling from!"
  • Seinfeld relies a lot on Poor Communication Kills, with various characters' inability to communicate vital information causing an unending series of humorous escapades. One memorable example would be George's frustration at being unable to use a pay phone at a Chinese restaurant because a patron is hogging it.
  • The "cutting-edge" technology seen in Miami Vice is quite funny to look at in retrospect. Sonny Crockett and Ricardo Tubbs have to pose as undercover drug dealers for the purposes of their job, and subsequently have access to all the latest tools and technology. The series establishes this early on in the third episode, with a scene shot solely to emphasize the fact that Crockett has a car phone (and the receiver looks like a giant brick).
  • The idea of the swingin' bachelor's "little black book" of women to call up was referenced in many '80s and '90s sitcoms, but this has been made obsolete by cell phone "contact lists". This leaves the 2004 film Little Black Book with something of an Artifact Title for younger viewers, as the eponymous item is a PDA, not an actual booklet.
    • Not to mention the fact that, in the years since the film came out, smartphones have supplanted PDAs in almost every professional field.
    • Younger viewers may also be confused as why having the phone number of everyone you know is a signifier of anything at all.
  • A good one from The West Wing: Bartlet sees Leo after not being able to get in touch with him when he needed him, and does a little sarcastic speech about how "if only there was some sort of telephonic device with a personalized number we could call... perhaps it would look something like this, Mr. Moto," he says, pulling Leo's pager off his belt.
    • Though this was also because Leo was old; most of the staff used and were comfortable with cell phones from the pilot onward, even in the flashbacks.
  • JAG: In "Sightings", Harm asks a ten year old girl: Do you know how to operate a cellular phone?
  • Read All About It had a bulky communicator about the size of a small beverage cooler that sends text messages in 1983. It's redeemed by its extraordinary range that not only reaches vast instances without the need of a cell network, but also can communicate into different time periods, perfect when you've been thrown centuries into the past via accidental Time Travel.
  • In Community episode "Pascal's Triangle Revisited," Britta points out they don't live in a Jane Austen novel and can use cell phones to stay in touch over the summer.
  • Ghostwriter was about a group of kids who solved mysteries with the help of a ghost who could communicate with them by rearranging letters. Distance was no issue and the kids could write messages to each other without being in the same place. A cellphone could have produced many of the same results. note 
  • Rescue 911's cases were all taken from The '80s and The '90s, and a lot could have been made much easier with cell phones. however; during that time frame, cell phones were expensive, bulky, and all around uncommon.
    • The show itself caused this: quite a few segments showed people in distress because their local region did not have 911 as an emergency number and the person making the titular call would have to find the phone number for their service. The popularity of the show caused the system to become universal in the United States.
    • One segment was featured because the use of cutting edge technology. A woman driving down the high way was approached by an unmarked police car, but the "officer" was acting weird. He was showing his badge, motioning her to pull over, and had no sirens. The woman used her car phone to call 911 to let them know that she was complying with the officer but wanted to drive to a public place because she was uneasy with the behavior... only to learn from the police they had no unmarked cars in the area and that was not protocol for their operation. The real police responding continually talked about how it was only cause the woman had her cutting edge car phone that this was a happy ending.
    • One episode shows a woman noticing people breaking into her house run to call 911. She at first grabs the rotary phone (still actually existed in the '90s!) but decides it takes too long, before going to the digital phone.
    • Another episode about a five year old girl finding her house empty would seem like an Idiot Plot today. What normally happened was that she rode the bus to another school where her mom would pick her up. However; instead that day, her friend's parents gave her a ride home, and word didn't make it to her mother, who was at the other school. Nowadays; her friend's parents would surely have called her mom's cell phone if they were going to drive her home. Or, if she came home and found it empty, she should have thought to call her mom's cell phone to tell her she was home.
    • One case did involve a cell phone — and you can see just how big they were at the time.
  • Zack in Saved by the Bell has a cellphone in High School in 1991-1992. The joke at the time was that this kid is such a High School Hustler that he's able to invest in a tool associated with big-shot executives. Now it's the size of the thing that's the joke.
  • This is seen in Switched at Birth; texting is the go-to means of communication among the main cast with the Deaf characters all having smartphones (specifically iPhones) with video-chat functions. Carlton School and some of the more established Deaf households have TTY/TDD machines (which could transmit text to each other over landlines but require a relay service for communicating with regular phones); these sit unused, being a clunky special-needs workaround obsoleted by the above-mentioned mainstream tech.
  • Parodied in That '80s Show, where at one point (and heavily used in the commercials) one of the characters is in a bar, yelling into a big gray brick "Guess what? I'm calling on a portable phone! No not a pay phone, a portable phone!" While cell phones were obviously not the ubiquitous devices they are now, they weren't mysterious space-gadgets and most folks would at least understand the concept.
  • In the early seasons of Frasier, there are frequent references to pagers, and Niles is the only one of the cast wealthy (and pretentious) enough to have a cellular phone (his first one isn't quite a brick, but you can watch cell phone technology change with his upgrades). One episode even highlights how relatively rare the devices were when Frasier notes that a recently arrived professional juggler must have been contacted on her "car phone", prompting Niles' near slack-jawed shock that "Street performers have car phones?!" Of course, most of the various "Fawlty Towers" Plot styled antics wouldn't have worked quite the same if the characters could just call each other at any time.
    • A seventh season episode has Roz enthused by the fact that Cafe Nervosa has put in a phone line to allow people with (rather clunky) laptops to go online.
  • Invoked In-Universe in both Life on Mars (2006) and its American remake as modern cop Sam Tyler finds himself in 1973 and has to handle a world without cell phones, computers, internet and more.
    • Both versions have a scene in the pilot of Sam at a crime lab, asking the routine question of "what came back from the DNA results?" He sees everyone staring at him as if he's speaking gibberish as he realizes he's in a time when a simple fingerprint check can take a week and even lab techs barely understand different blood types.
    • The U.S. version plays more on Sam complaining about having to constantly carry change for pay phones, unable to leave someone a voice message and having to physically change the dial on his TV which only gets five channels.
  • Doctor Who:
    • The classic series story "The Invasion" predicts a future where everyone has videophones, but everyone still has to go through an operator to collect their calls. This is briefly relevant to the plot when a mid-Villainous Breakdown Tobias Vaughn is forced to affect a smooth and flirtatious manner while making a phone call so the operator doesn't suspect anything's amiss.
    • When the series returned to TV in 2005, one major piece of day-to-day technology that didn't exist when it was last on TV in 1989 was the personal cell/mobile phone. The series acknowledged this by having the companions and the Doctor begin to use them too, with the Doctor "upgrading" their friends' phones to make and receive calls throughout time and space. Once made a big deal of, this is now taken as a given for any ongoing character. Due to the revival itself now having Long Runner status, the phones upgraded by the Doctor back in 2005 are considered well outdated compared to Clara's iPhone of 2015 — as evidenced by the fact that several episodes broadcast in 2015 show her using real-life features of the iPhone that did not even exist for mobile devices in 2005.
  • 3-2-1 Contact's "The Bloodhound Gang" stories would have been much different if the gang had access to smartphones. For instance, the villain in "The Case of the Dead Man's Pigeon," would have been thwarted in seconds with one look through Wikipedia at the will reading instead of one of them running to call the Audubon Society.
  • How I Met Your Mother: Before Marshall and Lily's wedding in 2007, Brad accidentally injuries the photographer and offers to take pictures of the ceremony with his camera phone instead, much to Lilly's horror. Modern audiences used to smartphones that take high resolution images won't understand that back then the quality of a camera phone picture to that of a regular camera was laughable.
  • 7th Heaven: Reverend Eric Camden had a pager for the entirety of the series, even when people were ditching those for cell phones. Granted, the Camden family were on a strict budget, so it partially justifies this. It wasn't until the last three seasons where the technology (kind of) was keeping up with the times, but that's not saying much.
  • In the pilot episode of the short-lived Mayim Bialik show Molloy, the title character's father buys a fancy sports car. Part of the big excitement about the vehicle is the fact that the car has its own phone; Molloy's selfish stepsister even calls the house on it and tries to get her mother to bring breakfast out to the car.
  • In an episode of Absolutely Fabulous, Edina calls her daughter Saffron's cellphone, which goes off in a university lecture theatre. All the students and the lecturer check to see if it's their phone, to much laughter. The joke suggests that the students are all spoiled rich kids, but also acknowledges increasing phone ownership.
  • Acknowledged In-Universe in Frequency. 2016 cop Raimy Sullivan finds herself able to communicate via ham radio to her late father Frank in 1996. They work together to solve some cases with a recurring bit being Raimy forgetting that things she takes for granted didn't exist in 1996.
    • Frank complains about not having a camera on him at a crime scene. When Raimy asks what was wrong with his phone, Frank is confused what a phone has to do with a camera.
    • It takes Raimy a bit to realize that even the most cutting-edge CSI lab of 1996 would be the equivalent of a 2016 high school chemistry club, meaning Frank doesn't have the tools to properly process evidence like Raimy can.
    • Raimy is briefly thrown when Frank mentions having to use things like a fax machine or a pager.
    • Played for laughs when Raimy mentions getting info off the Internet while talking to Frank and he responds "wow, your dial-up is fast!"
  • A big pointer to French sitcom Les Filles d'à côté dating from the middle 1990's is the unbelievably massive size of the mobile phones used by the characters. Fanny is seen to reach intro her bag and bring out a massive brick with an extending aerial, reminiscent of a World War II walkie-talkie. If nothing else remids you this is 1994-95... this does.
  • Law & Order: Invoked practically by name by Don Cragen in "Wedded Bliss" (Season 3, Episode 5, original airdate October 21, 1992) when he is telling Phil Ceretta about a new way the FBI has to help ID a victim.
    CRAGEN: "The march of technology, Phil, sometimes it works."
  • Neil Gaiman had a bit of a pickle while writing the 2019 miniseries adaptation of Good Omens, as a fairly major plot point of the 1990 novel involves an answering machine, and he felt uneasy about changing too much of his late co-writer Terry Pratchett's work. The series ends up still using the answering machine, which is now said to be an antique that the demon Crowley took a liking to among other pieces of human technology, and he also makes use of his cell phone in the same scene.
  • VR Troopers pretty much LIVES in either this trope or Zeerust as a whole nowadays, but the introduction of the VRVT devices really stands out, as Ryan remarks that it's a problem that they can't communicate with one another at a distance, prompting Professor Hart to reveal the communication devices. Nowadays, you get the exact same result by Facetiming on a cell phone, something that they all certainly would have access to today.

  • Sheeler & Sheeler's 1990 parody of "Convoy", "Car Phone," is doubly dated: not only does it praise a type of phone which is long since obsolete, but it describes people freely using them while driving — even to call the highway patrol and report a drunk driver — without any suspicion that doing so will soon be illegal.
  • The coke dealer who narrates Steely Dan's 1980 song "Glamour Profession" subtly brags about having a car phone ("When it's all over / We'll make some calls from my car / We're a star"), as a benefit of having high-end customers like pro athletes. By the late 1990s, even street-level dealers had their own cellphones.
  • The video of Savage Garden's 'Truly Madly Deeply' follows two lovers who failed to meet because one of them was running late. They rush through the city of Paris to find each other. This would have been solved in seconds with cellphones.
  • Though it isn't about life before cell phones, "Weird Al" Yankovic's "First World Problems" has the narrator getting mad that somebody actually called him on his cell phone, since in the 2010s and onward, almost everyone communicates pretty much exclusively through text messaging and social media.
  • Erykah Badu's 1997 Break-Up Song "Tyrone" has the final line, "You need to call Tyrone/But you can't use my phone" made more sense as a punchline in the '90s because it was likely that the narrator's boyfriend didn't have his own phone to use, thus the line is basically telling him to get out of her house. These days, the boyfriend could just pull out his cell phone.
  • Maroon 5's song "Pay Phone" is about a guy trying to call his ex-girlfriend. It would have made sense in The '90s or earlier, before the widespread availability of cell phones and the subsequent decomissioning of many pay phones. Even if, say, she isn't answering calls from his cell phone and that's why he's calling her from a public phone, it would likely take him a long time in The New '10s to find a pay phone and even longer to find one that actually still works. (And there's no guarantee she'd still answer, because it would likely show up on her caller ID as "unavailable" or "unknown," which many people these days read as "telemarketer or other nuisance call.")

    Newspaper Comics 
  • Dick Tracy had his wrist communicators for decades before cell phones starting in the 1940s. Furthermore, they are upgraded about every twenty years for additional functions. Interestingly enough, there have been various versions of wrist-cellphones — often compared to Det. Tracy's radio — since the early 2000s.
  • Phoebe and Her Unicorn regularly invokes this trope for laughs, such as when Phoebe discovers her Mom's CORDED phone.

  • Journey into Space: In Journey to the Moon / Operation Luna, the Moon landing is broadcast to Earth over the radio on October 22, 1965. However, there is no mention of it being shown on television. When he wrote Journey to the Moon in 1953, Charles Chilton failed to anticipate how ubiquitous television would be by 1965. Since television was already very common in the UK by the time that Operation Luna was broadcast in 1958 (and its ubiquity is a plot point in The World in Peril), it was already dated even then. Similarly in The Red Planet, Jet's reports on the Mars landing are only broadcast over the radio.

    Tabletop Games 
  • Lampshaded in one of the examples in the 5th edition Champions genre book. A villain cuts the phone lines to isolate the bank he's robbing, and everyone trapped by his mooks immediately goes for their cell phones.
  • The first couple of editions of Shadowrun had "The Crash" to explain using the Internet as a 3D virtual reality network. After cellphones and wifi became commonplace, the later editions added "The Second Crash", changing everything to wireless, since searching for a terminal to plug in to started seeming a bit ridiculous...

  • Andrew Lloyd Webber's 1980 one-woman song cycle Tell Me on a Sunday now shows its age because the protagonist's letters to her mother are sent through the regular mail rather than email or texting. Though updates were made for the 2003 production, it could be argued that the story doesn't work as well in a modern setting. Leaving one's family and moving to another country would have been a much bigger deal in the '80s (and earlier) when the cost of long-distance phone calls was high and it took days to receive a letter in the mail. Now the protagonist could text her family or even have a live video chat with them anytime.

    Video Games 
  • The ClueFinders has a videophone — in the days before cell phones.
  • Deus Ex: The game is set in the 2050s, but pay phones are still seen in public. And this in the same world that has infolinks, which are pretty much radios augmented into your head.
    • Possibly in reference to this, the prequel Human Revolution still has payphones scattered around Detroit, albeit high tech ones. This game came out in 2011.
  • Grand Theft Auto 2, which is set in 20 Minutes into the Future, resorts to using phone booths as points where the player receives missions (as is in earlier GTA games). Being a game that incorporates Zeerust aesthetics, though, this bit of detail can be forgiven as being a stylistic choice.
    • Pay phones and pagers are the only communication devices used by the player in Grand Theft Auto III, a game set as late as 2001. While it's lampshaded in Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas that the main character of GTA III is implied to be a man of few words, it doesn't fully explain how silent characters from both the first Grand Theft Auto (set in the late 1990s) and Grand Theft Auto London (set in the 1960s) also receive calls on mobile phones or walkie-talkies. Grand Theft Auto Advance (set a year before GTA III) is a similar offender.
  • L.A. Noire requires the player to call up dispatch on various phones, often using the witness or suspect's house phone without asking permission, in order to research names and information. The speed with which the clerk finds such information matches the speed of a Google search, however.
  • Averted in Scarface: The World Is Yours. Tony snags a box-shaped cell phone off the body of a high-level henchman early on in the game, and uses it to call various people throughout the rest of the story. Several characters (including Tony himself) reference how rare and top-of-the-line the phone is, and how lucky he is to have one.
  • Surprisingly enough, Mega Man Battle Network actually invoked this trope — Lan carries a device that has a cell phone functionality.
  • Played with in Yakuza 0, which takes place in the late 80's, and thus has pay phones aplenty (which even function as save points.) However, there is one NPC who's overly proud of his expensive, cutting edge, but incredibly heavy, fragile and impractical bag phone. He boasts about how bag-phones are the future and will eventually get lighter and more portable, and could even come with other non-phone functions like the ability to take pictures, all of which Majima scoffs at.

    Web Comics 
  • Similar to the Weird Al example above, in Dumbing of Age, when a character isn't responding to texts, the other characters get worried and try calling them, which doesn't fare any better. When the character finally shows up, Walky is outraged.
    Walky: You made me use my phone like a phone!
  • Grrl Power: A minor example, related to the ubiquity of smartphones and cameras. Mention is made of a super with Flight, who exclusively uses his abilities to rescue trapped hikers and others in danger far from civilization. There were plans to make a tv show about him, but this fell through because following him around with a fleet of camera helicopters defeats the purpose of having one man who can do it much more easily. The comic started in 2010, right when body cams were starting to appear in the public eye; giving one to the super would be a non-traditional way of filming, but it would work well enough. Furthermore, hikers and campers have started using GoPro cameras to film their own adventures, so you might be able to get a significant amount of footage just from the people he rescued.

    Web Original 
  • CollegeHumor is on this trope very extensively:
    • This video demonstrates a number of cases where a movie plot conflict could easily be eliminated or the story shortened because characters had cell phones to call for help/look up information/reveal information to people that had been withheld from them/etc.
      • In Romeo and Juliet, Juliet gets the message to Romeo that she will fake her own death, instead of the miscommunication caused by a plague outbreak that closed the road.
      • The Home Alone clip shows Kevin being called by his mother right after he finds himself all alone, and she tells him to go to a friend's house — which if done in the actual movie would have reduced the running time to about 45 minutes. Except for the fact that this doesn't explain how then booby trapping the house to stop Harry and Marv would work.
    • And this video shows similar examples of plot conflicts being resolved because the characters had the ability to go on the Internet:
      • For example, in Basic Instinct, the damning evidence against Catherine Trammell is that Nick Curran looks at her Internet search history that indicates she's been reading websites with information about how to use an ice pick as a murder weapon. note 
      • The plot twist of The Sixth Sense (that Malcolm Crowe has been Dead All Along) wouldn't be a surprise because he'd be looking himself up on the Internet when Cole asks him if he's a certified doctor.
    • This video continues the concept with smartphones:
    • Behold, the unaired 1994 pilot of 24.
  • The "Technology Ruins Romance" series by Wong Fu Productions.
  • Cracked's 6 Technologies Conspicuously Absent From Sci-Fi Movies explores technologies widely available when several well-known science fiction films were first published that would have completely broken their plots: bicycles, night vision goggles, unmanned combat vehicles, Wi-Fi, GPS, and cell phones.
  • ClickHole parodies examinations of this trope with "7 Classic ’80s Movies That Would Have Been Over In 5 Minutes If Cell Phones Had Existed", which shows that cell phones would resolve the plots by being used as lethal weapons.

    Western Animation 
  • Arthur has this a lot in the early seasons, which were made at a time when a cellphone was something not everyone had access to:
    • One episode had Muffy, the rich girl, the only character who had access to a cell phone.
    • There was another episode from the same decade that had Arthur lost downtown and had no cellphone to easily remedy this.
    • The season five episode "Double Dare" has Francine miss Arthur and Buster's telephone call (to her home line), where they tell her they've decided not to go through with the dare that had previously been set up, and she misses their call due since her headphones were on at the time. In today's world, they would simply message her by text, and their communication would almost certainly not be missed.
  • One of the pre-cancellation episodes of Family Guy aired in 2000 — "Brian Wallows as Peter Swallows" — has Brian singing a song to a shut-in about all the modern things she's missed over the last 40 years. One of the things he sings about is that a guy with a cell phone would make everyone think "that guy's life must rule!".
  • The Simpsons:
    • In "The Lard of the Dance" (1998), new student Alex Whitney has a cell phone; it serves as an indicator of how mature and grown-up she is, or at least is attempting to act.
    • The earlier episode "Bart Gets Famous" (1994) had Bart given one only because he was Krusty's assistant. If the episode aired today, the joke of an elementary school student answering a phone in class wouldn't be as funny.
    • Towards the end of "Homer Badman" (1994), Marge's line "As long as everyone keeps filming one another, justice will be done." was a joke. Since then, cell phones with built-in cameras have become commonplace, making it possible to film various transgressions and incidents.
  • Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law, as in the page regarding computers, does this again with cell phones to parody the Jetsons' quaintness. George proudly shows off a cell phone almost as tall as him as one of their 'technological marvels', which is promptly lampshaded when Peanut pulls out his pocket-sized cell phone.
  • Played with in an episode of The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy, where Billy tries desperately to make a successful prank call, but everyone in his house has Caller ID, which hilariously even contains his personal information. After even wearing a costume to not be recognized and failing, Billy looks in Grim's trunk for some way to beat caller ID, and discovers the dangerous Phone of Cthulhu.
  • Futurama
    • Inverted as a new invention has rendered cell phones obsolete, and people no longer need to carry them to all places. This incredible invention of the year 3010? Phone booths!
    • Played straight when Amy has a cell-phone about the size of her thumbnail, which she has accidentally swallowed. At the time of the episode, phones kept getting smaller and this was the parodied conclusion. Now we use phones with touchscreens and iPads, so there is a push towards larger screens and phones keep getting slimmer to fit in your pocket, so the joke is obsolete.
  • Lampshaded in the trailer for the Reboot of Rocko's Modern Life, with Rocko baffled by the O-Phone:
    Rocko: This is a phone? But where are all the buttons?
    • Even back in The '90s, Rocko had a phone with a rotary dial. That had become obsolete by that decade, thanks to touch-tone phones, which are easier to use.
  • Family Guy: In "When You Wish Upon a Weinstein", the plot kicks off when the Jewish man Peter wished for asks to use the Griffins' phone because his car broke down. These days, he could call a tow truck using his cell phone.

    Real Life 
  • This was mentioned in a true-crime documentary about an unsolved homicide of a taxi driver near Edinburgh in 1983. Two teenage witnesses who saw the crime in progress cycled two miles to a nearby hotel to get to a telephone. One of the original case detectives observed that had mobile telephones been common then, the police would have been alerted much sooner and the perpetrator perhaps would've been caught.
  • Many older people mention that if someone got on the wrong train or off at the wrong bus stop, they'd have to hope that the person they missed either waited for them or followed them to the right station or stop. Could go very very wrong if people's instincts were different.
  • Many people today still don't wholly understand how profound the consequences of the cell phone age are. For example, lots of people still routinely get outraged to see homeless people with cell phones, thinking that they're enjoying an undeserved luxury, without stopping to notice how cheap prepaid cell phone service is these days, or more important, how valuable a phone can be to a homeless person. Cell phones mean that the homeless can now leave callback numbers for interviews or odd jobs, dial 911 anywhere they are, call their family and friends, etc. There are actually charities that accept used cell phones as donations and give them to the homeless.
    • Not to mention programs like MyGovernmentCellPhone, which provide free cell phone service to anyone on federal aid (Medicaid, food stamps, and the like) or below the poverty line. The Lifeline programs — federally funded, administered by local telephone companies — were actually started by Ronald Reagan, hardly a liberal "handout" guy. People need to keep in mind that many people on assistance are employed — including homeless people, who just don't make enough to afford rent. These programs are also extremely valuable to seniors who are often living on fixed incomes.
    • This point is raised in Polly Toynbee's book Hard Work, about minimum wage jobs in the UK, in relation to unemployed people having mobile phones. She points out that if you're looking for work you need to have access to your phone at all times: one missed call from an employment agency and a potential job opportunity is lost.
      • Barbara Ehrenreich, trying to see if you could really earn a living wage working incognito at low-end jobs in 2000note , often used pay phones for this purpose. The hole-in-the-wall "apartments" she could afford either had no phones or charged extra for them.
    • Along these lines, in some very poor developing countries, cell phones are more ubiquitous than most people from developed countries would imagine, because it has been cheaper to set up cell towers than to finish the extremely arduous task of running additional landlines to remote or poorly maintained areas. More info here and here.
  • Many people have a similar reaction to children with cell phones, believing them spoiled, not realizing that a phone lets them keep in touch with their parents (and vice versa), call 911 wherever they are, and talk to their friends without tying up the house phone. They're also essentially the modern version of the Game Boy.
  • Before cell phones were widespread someone who owned one and called the local emergency number from their cell phone while they were travelling might have been connected to an emergency operator hundreds of miles away from where they were. Before the American GPS and Russian GLONASS global positioning systems were available to civilians, cell phone calls were routed by the caller's area code and emergency operators would then have had to relay information to the local emergency responders.
  • People sometimes say that instantaneous communication didn't exist before the Internet or cellphones. But it did, since 1837, and certainly since 1876. The first transatlantic telegraph line was built in 1858, and public pay phones were introduced in 1902. Kennedy conspiracy theorists posit that Cronkite couldn't have gotten the initial news within scant minutes of the shooting. There was a telephone in the press car. Merriman Smith grabbed it the moment he heard the shots.note  He spoke to local UPI, which transmitted to UPI teletypes everywhere, including CBS. Four minutes, tops. And it would have been sooner if it hadn't been for the news bureaus all sending at once, fouling up the UPI transmission. ABC Radio News broke in at 12:36, four minutes before Cronkite at 12:40, as Smith continued to phone in bulletins from the hospital.
  • Wristwatches are falling out of style these days, as most people simply check the display on their phones. But didn't wristwatches replace such pocket watches in the first place?
    • In David McCullough's book The Johnstown Flood the author mentions this trope in action as he interviewed survivors of the 1889 flood in the 1960s — some people he interviewed mentioned knowing the time of the flood by looking at their wristwatches, however wristwatches didn't become popular until the 1920s, 30 years later. Over the years they had become so accustomed to wearing them, they assumed they had them at the time of the flood.
    • The 6th generation iPod Nano capitalizes on its small, square formfactor with a clip that accessory makers make wristbands for it so said iPod can become a watch. Not to mention there are dedicated wristwatches with cell phone functions like Dick Tracy, made practical through bluetooth tech.
    • Lampshaded by this Jack-in-the-Box ad.
    • Wristwatches rapidly gained favor over pocket watches during the First World War, as large-scale, synchronized artillery and infantry attacks made quickly accessible timepieces a practical necessity; indeed, the first "wristwatches" were just pocket watches attached to a leather bracelet. (Such a bracelet is also more rugged than the traditional and rather flimsy watch chain, which is no small consideration given the many rigors of trench warfare.) Wartime utility later gave rise to civilian fashion, which survived for as long as it did primarily because even a mechanical timepiece could easily be made small and simple enough for convenient wear on the wrist; with the advent of modern miniaturization, and the consequent popularity of pocket phones which can keep track of time alongside their many other functions, the wristwatch came to be regarded as more or less redundant. Whether smartwatches can reverse this trend remains to be seen.
  • For the most part the actual telephone dial became obsolete by the 1980s, but the term 'dialing' survives.
  • The term "hanging up", for that matter. Hanging a receiver on a hook (instead of putting it unto the cradle) died even earlier that the rotary dial, except for certain wall-mounted phones, which still have a specially designed cradle, rather than an exposed hook, and maybe certain pay phones. An actually "hook" that held the receiver and also functioned as the switch control for accessing the network was generally used on wall-mount rotary phones. Rotary desktop phones generally had a button in the handset cradle that performed the same function. Interestingly, while modern residential touchtone phones (early models often just replaced the rotary dial with the touchtone pad) usually use something more sophisticated and harder to bypass (like a magnetic sensor and an embedded magnet in the handset), many professional phones retain a physical switch as well as adding external software control of this function, so office workers of different types can control their phone in the way best suited to the work they are doing.
  • While still around, highway call boxes are starting to fade out due to the proliferation of cellphones. A lot of call boxes still get active maintenance, though, especially in deserted areas where cell signal is spotty or nonexistent. The dispatcher would also know exactly where you are without having to wait for cell tower or GPS triangulation from the caller. Call boxes are also useful on college campuses (where students are always getting robbed of their phones, or misplacing them during wild nights out), suicide hot-spots (in case the perpetrator intentionally leaves their cell phone behind and suddenly has second thoughts), if you need help immediately (cell phone emergency calls usually have to go through a statewide highway patrol dispatcher first, who has to first figure out where you are, then route your call to the appropriate local station), if you survive and escape a car accident and your phone is still in your possibly dangerous-to-go-back-into vehicle or if your cell phone just dies on you.
    • In the UK, SOS call boxes on Motorways remain very much in use. They appear every mile, on either side of the carriageway, meaning you'll never have to walk more than half a mile to one. They have no keypad - you simply pick up the receiver and are immediately connected to a Highways Agency operator, who will be able to identify your location based on the phone that's being used. If you elect not to use one, but are within sight of it, they are marked with a location code which you can relay to the breakdown operator.
  • In the same vein, Pay Phones have disappeared from some areas but still remain in others. In some areas, the government has stepped in to prevent payphones from being taken out of service because they're still commonly used by the poor. It might also be cheaper to keep a payphone in operation than to erect a cellphone tower in a remote location where few people would use the cell service. And, on the other side of the coin, many cities went out of their way during the 1990s to remove pay phones in order to curtail their use as anonymous contact points for drug dealers, who are now forced to make do with disposable prepaid "burner" phones instead. In many places, especially in railway stations and airports, phone booths have been replaced by public terminals, that still function as payphones if you really need one, but their main function is to allow Internet access for tourists without laptops.
  • In the past in North America, apartment buildings were equipped with buzzers that were basically columns of buttons: each button was hard-wired to a console in one of the apartments, where tenants would be advised of visitors by a literal buzz coming from the console. (You can see this in Breakfast at Tiffany's.) As buildings became larger (and as tenants balked at the ugly plastic consoles that disfigured their walls), a new system was devised whereby the buzzer on the main floor was instead connected to a telephone line and would send the buzz instead directly to the tenant's telephone. (Still used in many gated communities and apartment complexes.) Unfortunately, tenants don't always have landlines, so the buzzer would often be connected to a cellphone number — which could be both expensive and insecure if the tenant were out of town or had an out-of-town cellphone number. This is why landlords often specify that tenants must have landline phones. (Apartment buildings outside of North America may still have the old style of buzzer due not just to the above problems but also because in many countries it can take months to get a landline telephone installed.)
    • In Canada especially the smaller provinces like Saskatchewan still use buzzers primarily.
    • The fear of burglars made (quite literally) all apartment buildings in Romania to install intercoms in the 1990s. Complete systems, with a separate (from the "true" numbered phone) landline phone for each apartment, digital buzzer panel and digital keyboard at each entrance. Economies of scale made the expense affordable even for the years of poverty after the fall of Communism.
  • It's becoming more and more common for people to eschew knocking on doors in favor of calling the person's cell phone for a couple of reasons.
    • The front door of an apartment complex may be locked, and the resident is expected to answer the call, come to the front door, and unlock it.
    • It can be a safety issue. If a person is underage, elderly, or disabled, getting a knock on a door can be scary. It's a gamble between whether they should even look out the window (if there even is one) or just sit very quietly and hope the knocker goes away. A call telling them that so-and-so is coming over, or a call that so-and-so is sitting in the driveway gives a sense of peace and safety and is far easier for someone with limited hearing to understand than a shouted name.
    • Calling also gives residents who have skittish dogs a chance to reassure or restrain their pet before it starts barking its head off about the strange intruder at the door.
    • They might not actually hear a knock on the door.
  • Remember those strange chimes that used to be heard in department stores? Those chimes were actually used to page departments in the store (instead of using a PA system), though they are rarely used today. Sometimes those are used as Stock Sound Effects, such as the "perfume department" scene in the SpongeBob SquarePants episode "Shanghaied". These days, if the retail clerks in any given store want to talk to each other, they'll typically all have two-way radios, sometimes with ear pieces and microphones. In addition to not bothering the customers by blaring an announcement over the whole store, it allows the staff to talk to one person or one department specifically, which saves time.
    • The chimes, themselves, were the descendants of an even older obsolete technology: the use of differently pitched bell-pulls to summon household servants in wealthy homes. Household intercoms and/or cell calls are the norm now.
  • In 2000, the police department in Ontario, California, disciplined two of its officers for using their digital pagers to send personal text messages, some of which were sexually explicit, in violation of department policy. Since the department had obtained the messages by asking the pager company for transcripts to see (ostensibly) if the officers needed a higher character limit than the city had contracted for, the officers took the city to court, arguing their privacy rights had been violated. Ten years later, it had reached the U.S. Supreme Court, by which time no one was using digital pagers anymore. Appropriately, the court's unanimous ruling in the city's favor declined to set what might have been a precedent in its first-ever case involving privacy in personal electronic communications technology, citing the fluctuating state of the technology involved.
    • The SCOTUS has Marched On since then, decreeing that personal smartphones are now comparable to personal homes in terms of how much private information they contain, hence can't be searched without a warrant.
    • The reason for this is that most, if not all, people have very private information and items saved on their phones, such as PINs, passwords, photographs, contact lists, etc. Many lawyers advise that during a police encounter, you immediately lock your phone. The police officer cannot take it without a warrant, but it can be confiscated if you are arrested. If it is not locked, everything on it is available to them, and many corrupt police officers have availed themselves of personal information stored on a confiscated, but unlocked, cell phone. Once locked, do not give them the passcode under any circumstances. Let your lawyer handle any questions they have regarding your phone.
  • This trope shows a key difference in thought between generations. Most older adults in the West still have land lines—their "home" phone—and wouldn't dream of getting rid of it despite being redundant with cell phones (good luck getting your grandparents to drop the service they've had for decades). Meanwhile, most younger adults don't have land lines in their homes at all.
    • The extremes of this are the term "cell phone" becoming less common, especially among younger speakers who assume the term "phone" on its own refers to a device carried in one's pocket.
    • One factor tending to reduce the elimination of landlines is the proliferation of DSL and cable modems with landline support. If you're getting DSL, the extra for a landline in minimal, and the extra cost for adding landline service to cable modem service is also generally quite low.
    • Parents will sometimes get a landline for several reasons — for instance in case there is an emergency in the house and the parent's cellphone is broken or lost or unavailable (or the parent is out), plus more simple reasons like the parents are tired of their children's friends calling the parent' cellphone asking if they can talk to their child. Other parents want to give their children experience using a telephone before actually giving their children their own cellphone.
      • Other reasons someone might have a landline phone include (but are not limited to) living in a place where cell phone signal is spotty or nonexistent, running a business out of their home, or simply the peace of mind of having a backup in case the cell phone is lost/stolen/breaks/etc.
      • In addition, many cable/satellite companies still offer “bundles”(TV/internet/phone).
  • Telephone cards used to be very common. They ranged from crude "scratch off" cards (the user scratched off the code to make the calls) all the way to credit card like systems that the user could swipe on a payphone or dial the code on the back. Users purchased minutes of talk time, the price depending on how many minutes and where the calls were going. First there were domestic calls, then international "calling cards." They were very popular with people who were in the military, had relatives overseas, traveled a lot or didn't want to pay for long distance. The rise of cell phones has killed off most of these cards except for calls to locations like the Middle East or Asia. Many cell phone companies offer special packages for calling neighboring countries or traveling abroad. The rise of internet services like Skype has also taken away the appeal of telephone cards among younger people.

    On a similar note, there were also special phone numbers (such as the widely remembered 10-10-321) people could use to make long distance calls which only added a few more cents or dollars on their phone bill up to a certain amount of minutes before the caller would be charged at normal rates for long distance calls. Nowadays, phone companies include long distance calling in their standard package/billing, so needing to dial a specific number to make a long distance call was no longer needed plus it quickly became a pain for everyone who had to dial an extra set of numbers on top of the phone number just to make a call.
    • Averted in whichever country phone cards are commonly used to make international calls to, as that's because phone cards are still common there. Japan still makes extensive use of phone cards, for instance, and there are even licensed property phone cards there, with special artwork from anime and video games on them. Phone cards are also still in wide use in the United States and Canada among communities of people who come from these parts of the world, as well as by people here and there who rarely use their phones and find it cheaper to just buy individual calls or small amounts of call time from these cards than paying monthly bills.
  • In the case of technology having long moved on, many elderly people still lease their home phones from the telephone company. In the early days of commercial telephone service, even a basic rotary phone was expensive to purchase, so most people leased their phones from the service provider for about $6 a month. Nowadays you can outright buy a no-frills home phone for that much, yet countless seniors never got around to cancelling their lease as it has been part of their phone bill since day one. This means that they have paid thousands of dollars over the years for a basic telephone that one can buy at a discount store. The phone companies themselves, unsurprisingly, have had no incentive to inform elderly customers of this and cancel what's basically free money.
  • An Internet meme that first appeared around 2013: "20 years later and all of these things fit in your pocket." Before that, it was a joke about microminiaturization that dated back to the mid-60s, when tiny pocket radios became popular. Science fiction reviewer G. Harry Stine, talking about Star Trek communicators, tricorders and data storage squares observed that computers would soon "fit in a tooth". This was in 1968.
  • Due to the proliferation of cell phones, and nationwide long-distance calling, it's very rare that one would actually have to place a collect (or reverse-charge) phone call these days. It's also important to note that some VoIP services are unable to accept collect calls.
    • For the same reason, it's also rare that one would have to use a prepaid calling card to place a long-distance call, unless they were making an international phone call or calling from Prison or a similar setting that requires the use of a prepaid card to place a long-distance call. Or if you're traveling (say, staying at a vacation rental or a bed and breakfast), where local phone calls are included, but long-distance calls (domestic or international) are not.
  • This trope played a large role in the United States becoming as big as it is. At the time when the Mississippi River served as the country's western border and the entirety of what is now the Midwest was owned by France, President Thomas Jefferson sent some agents to discuss buying a small part of it for $10 million with Emperor Napoleon. As luck would have it, Napoleon was currently at war with England and desperately needed money, so he countered that he would sell the entire territory for $15 million. However, he was notorious for abruptly changing his mind, and the agents were worried that he might say the whole deal was off by the time their update made it across the ocean and new orders from Jefferson came back, so they simply accepted it on their own.
  • Part of the reason for the disappearance of Pay Phones is that so few people actually need one, what with cell phones and all. (The other reason is the War on Drugs; many local governments did away with them, so that people wouldn't be loitering around them waiting for drug deals. Though now anyone engaged in illegal activities of any kind probably uses a BurnerPhone or an app that generates a fake number, if they ever actually used a pay phone in the first place.) Even if you do happen to run across a pay phone out in the wild somewhere, there's no guarantee that it actually works; many of them have been decomissioned.
  • Nine Hundred Numbers. These were phone numbers that, in the days before unlimited nationwide long-distance calling and smartphones, would provide a plethora of services for a fee. These included weather reports, stock reports, sports statistics, TV listings, psychic readings, the chance to talk to a favorite celebrity or fictional character, horoscopes, summaries of TV episodes, traffic reports, and (most notoriously of all) phone sex lines. Although they do still exist today, they are far fewer in number, thanks to extensive restrictions on them, and, more in line with the trope, local and toll-free numbers, the Internet, and (most of all) mobile apps, many of which provide these services for free.
  • Phone books. Back in the days before the Internet was in wide use, if you didn't know a phone number off the top of your head, you had to look it up in a large book database, distributed by the local phone company every year. There was a section for residential phone numbers (in the US, usually printed on white paper (the "white pages")), and a section for business phone numbers (usually printed on yellow paper in the US, hence the term "yellow pages.") Nowadays, many people don't use phone books anymore, although they do still exist. For one thing, the phone companies' databases are all onlinenote , and different companies and local areas are pooled together. For another thing, as mentioned above, many people don't even have home phones anymore, relying instead on cell phones and VoIP numbers, which (at present) are not listed in the phone books. (It is possible to have a traditional landline "unlisted" in the phone book, but there is usually an extra fee for that, on top of whatever they charge for their home phone service. And even if it's unlisted in the phone book, it may still be in an online database somewhere.) note 
  • Answering machines. For those not familiar with them, they were recording devices, either digital or on tape (depending on the time period), where callers could record a message for you if you weren't home. (They were also useful for screening calls, especially in the days before caller ID.) Nowadays, they've largely been superseded by voicemail. (Partly because of the proliferation of cell phones and VoIP, and partly because voicemail is more convenient and can store more messages than an answering machine can.)
  • On that note, caller ID. Prior to its existence, you either had to screen calls with an answering machine, or else you were forced to answer every call that came to your phone. Which meant you could be fielding calls from telemarketers, scammers, Prank Calls and other types of Harassing Phone Call. (And, in fictionland, the odd Evil Phone.) Nowadays, all you have to do is look at a screen, and if you don't recognize the number (or if you do, but you don't want to talk to them), or if it says "unknown," "private," "restricted," etc. (meaning the caller is using a phone code that obscures their number) you don't have to answer it.
  • Pagers, also referred to as "beepers." These were popular back in The '90s. These were devices that, well, beeped and/or vibrated to let their owners know that they had received a message on their home or office phone. They began to go the way of the dodo as more and more home phones became equipped with caller ID, and more and more people started to carry cell phones around. Today, apart from medical workers (particularly EMS, and doctors who are "on call"), police officers, and firefighters, few people use them.
  • Telephone numbers. Up until the Turn of the Millennium, at least in the US, if you were placing a local call, you didn't have to dial the area code. Matter of fact, if you lived within the same exchange, you only had to dial the last four numbers! As long-distance calling technology improved, and more people got long-distance plans bundled into their standard bills, it became necessary to dial the area code, because it's entirely possible that two people from different local areas have the same exchange-number combo (For example, Alice's number is (508) 123-4567, and Bob's is (617) 123-4567). In addition, the explosion in mobile phones meant increased demand for phone numbers, necessitating instances where an area would have two or more area codes (For instance, area code 212 was originally assigned to all of New York City, but now covers only the island of Manhattan, which is shared with 646, 332, and part of the city-wide 917 area codes). So, to avoid confusion, dialing the area code became necessary for all phone calls. There are exceptions, typically in states like Hawai'i and Rhode Island, and some parts of New Hampshire. (Hawaii and Rhode Island only have one area code at present (808 for Hawaii and 401 for Rhode Island), and as for New Hampshire, it's mainly remote, rural areas of the state where few people live permanently.
  • Phoneaholic Teenagers being given their own separate phone line, or asking for one. Nowadays, their parents would buy them a cell phone. The same goes for someone getting a dedicated line for the Internet modem; now that most homes are using broadband, or at least DSL, neither of which tie up the telephone the way 56K dial-up did (and many of said homes are doing away with home phones altogether), it's just no longer necessary to have a phone line for the modem and another phone line for, well, the phone.
  • The custom of "Going Calling": Prior to the invention and proliferation of the telephone, if you wanted to talk to your friends in real time (as opposed to sending a letter), you had to actually visit them and talk to them face-to-face. Women (and it was almost always women) had a system where they would show up unannounced at each other's homes in order to speak to their friend/sibling/etc. (Often, though not always, the lady of the house.) And they would meet in the parlor and chat, sometimes for hours, sometimes just for a few minutes. If she wasn't home, then the "caller" (that is, the one who attempted to visit) would leave a unique "calling card," which was sort of like a modern-day business card, except for personal (rather than business) use, with her name on it. It was expected that whoever she tried to "call on" would go to her home and call on her ASAP. (Not doing so was considered extremely rude, which was Serious Business; there was at least one case where a woman noticed a house on fire, and considered alerting the homeowner...but then remembered that the lady of the house had not reciprocated a call, so she just continued on her way!) As more and more homes became equipped with telephones, it was no longer necessary to go to people's homes just to chat, and so the custom died out.
  • Fax machines. These were machines that would scan information from an original sheet, and send a copy of that information along a dedicated phone line (called a "data line," the exact type of thing used if you had a separate line for the telephone and Internet in the days of 56K dial-up). Nowadays, thanks to email attachments, text messaging, and cloud-based document-sharing services such as Google Drive, it's increasingly rare to send or receive faxes anymore. There are some exceptions, typically in the medical field, and they remain widespread in Japan.
  • As iPhones rose in popularity, iPods became increasingly obsolete. Given that an iPhone is basically an iPod that can make phone calls and use cellular data, there is little sense in paying for the same device without these two important features. Furthermore, downloading music in mp3 format has largely been replaced by using YouTube to stream music, thus eliminating the need for music storage.
  • Desktop computers are all but obsolete these days (except when required for resource-intensive tasks), given that laptops and tablets are portable, easier to handle, and take up less space. Even most places of business have given up on desktops, opting instead to give their employees laptops which they can then project onto monitors via a docking station.


A lot of the old science fiction features a world with food shortage and rationing due to extreme overpopulation. 90% of the food is yeast or synthetic. Except that... the figures stated have been surpassed or near so, and there is significant overproduction. This is largely thanks to the Green Revolution which, in addition to mechanization of planting and harvest, also included breeding a lot of high-yield and drought- or pest-resistant crops. (Not all "technology" is machine-based.)

Related to Sci-Fi Writers Have No Sense of Scale and Society Marches On when it comes to population growth; many of these examples have populations in the low billions and treat it as catastrophic overpopulation, not merely in terms of agriculture but in terms of population density. For comparison to many of the numbers below, Earth's population is 7.6 billion and climbingnote  as of this writing.

It should be noted that many of the agricultural technologies of the Green Revolution depend on agrochemicals whose precursor chemicals are usually derived from crude oil, which isn't getting any cheaper or easier to extract in the long run, so Post-Peak Oil settings do not fall under this trope. Whether this stays true depends how well various proposals for turning various waste products (ranging from plastic to sewage) back into crude oil pan out.

Can be justified by the world's agricultural breadbaskets having been contaminated by drought, pollution, radiation or disease, leaving too little viable land to farm even hyper-productive crops on.

  • The Caves of Steel. Everyone lives in megacities, almost all the food is yeast, efficiency is necessary to the point of a personal cubicle in the communal bathroom being a luxury, and there is strict Population Control. Population? Eight billion.
    • Also, tens of millions of New York residents live off yeast that's nourished on wood pulp, which comes from New Jersey forests that have been harvested for more than a thousand years without pause.
  • Foundation. Trantor needs twenty agricultural worlds to feed its forty billion people. Today, over half the population of Earth is urban, meaning the agriculture of a single planet should have little problem feeding four billion people who produce no food. If you take into account that later sources claim Trantor has significant artificial food production on its own...
    • A related problem is that Trantor is stated to be a single, planet-covering city hundreds or thousands of levels deep, and there are special observation towers that you have to use if you want to see the sky. There's absolutely no way that you need that kind of urban structure to house a mere 40 billion people when we have 7 billion on Earth with cities covering only a few per cent of the land surface and most of that you can't travel around in much without going outside. (Yes, there are places where you can travel around significant sections of cities entirely indoors, but you have to do it intentionally and it's both limiting and inconvenient in most places where it's possible at all.) Also, if the entire planet is underground, what exactly is stopping the Trantorians from putting the dirt back on the unused surface and growing their own food?
    • Compounding the problem yet again is that Asimov was self-admittedly bad at scale and bad at remembering how many people were supposed to live on Trantor, causing its population to vary from 40 billions to 4 trillions, depending on the book.
  • Lucky Starr: Earth has a population of six billion. Enough to be dependent on food imports from Mars and Venus.
  • The Lathe of Heaven. The year is 2002. A man can afford an egg maybe once a month, and it's been twenty years since any grain could be spared for making alcohol. Population, seven billion.
  • Make Room! Make Room! (the book on which Soylent Green is loosely based): the year is 1999. As stated in the book:
    Now the oil is gone, the topsoil depleted and washed away, the trees chopped down, the animals extinct, the earth poisoned, and all we have to show for this is seven billion people fighting over the scraps that are left, living a miserable existence...
  • Spectacularly averted in Robert Silverberg's The World Inside. Most of the 25 billion people who live on Earth live in clusters of 3,000-meter-tall (almost 2 miles) "urban monads" that house almost a million people each. The rest live in the small farming communities that grow the food on the large expanses of land left over. This, as well as the minimal possessions everyone has, has allowed them all to not only survive but prosper and grow, since they value life and thus have large families starting in their early teens. Several times in the book, in fact, this aversion is lampshaded when characters laughingly reference the past and its fears of a starving, overpopulated world with a much smaller population.

    Tabletop Games 
  • Shadowrun did not anticipate the advent of cultured meat, so soy is the main staple of the world's food supply, along with farmed krill. Nearly every possible permutation of food in the Sixth World has a soy substitute. Having regular access to natural food is rare enough that it merits being counted as a positive Lifestyle quality. It could be justified as the MegaCorps that control the world's food supply would want to make it as difficult as possible for people to get their meals from sources they don't control.
  • Warhammer 40,000: Zigzagged.
    • On the one hand, hive cities easily reach populations in the billions, but the reason they exist is that they're the only habitable (sorta) places on the planet (usually a Death World, in desert, an ocean, or so polluted and/or radioactive even bionic systems only last a few minutes variants), so a planet of ten billion people has them in three or four hives. These get pretty much all their food from off-planets, with other worlds entirely devoted to agricultural production (using both mind-bogglingly advanced machinery and manual labor techniques medieval peasants would have laughed at).
    • On the other hand Holy Terra is so densely populated that its soil is utterly barren and its atmosphere is a fog of pollution. Massive, labyrinthine edifices of state sprawl across the vast majority of the surface. Its oceans have long ago boiled away. Many mountain ranges have been leveled, perhaps all of them except the Himalayas, which seemingly remain all but untouched due to the laboratories said to be underneath and the chambers of the Astronomican that course throughout the whole mountain range. No specifics are given on the population anymore, just "billions", possibly at least a trillion depending on the source.


  • Schlock Mercenary: Discussed when the company finally has a mission on Earth, one of the most heavily populated planets in the galaxy. Energy production and "agriculture" are so advanced that they can fit two-hundred billion people on the planet using only ten percent of the available landmasses (and some of the seas) for megacities that are measured in cubic kilometers instead of square kilometers. The remaining ninety percent of the land is preserved sort of like continent-sized national parks.
    Footnote: There are other ways to fit 200+ billion people on a planet, but this is one of a very few ways to pull it off while still having it be useful as a planet.


Drifting is cool, right? Keeping your head cool and your car in balance while on two wheels is the epitome of badass driving? It might have been ...until the 1970s. Most modern cars, not just performance cars, have tire sizes which a few decades ago were just for Ferraris and Porsches and the quality of tires and suspension is ages beyond. Even a humble modern hot hatchback may pull stunts which in the past were barely imaginable outside racetracks. Well, if a car still works well even after a decade, it can become What a Piece of Junk.

  • In GoldenEye, James Bond pulls a few stunts in his old companion the Aston Martin DB5 while street-racing Femme Fatale Xenya in a Ferrari F355. While impressive by 1965 standards, the chassis and suspension of the DB5 would have never held up to a modern GTI, leave alone a F355. To film the chase, the F355 had to be modified, otherwise it wouldn't drift. Maybe this is the reason Q retires the Aston and gives Bond a BMW instead.
  • Used Cars' climax hinges, literally, on a license plate acting as a hinged flap to cover the gas filler which was centered on the rear of the car. That was somewhat common on '60s and '70s cars but abandoned because of safety issues.

  • Obviously, quite a lot of books were written before the automobile was invented. We could probably have a whole "Check Out Life Before Cars" section on how some classic works of literature might have easily resolved themselves if cars had been available.
  • While a period piece, in The Grapes of Wrath the Joads have to deal with a broken transmission — they have to find an old one in a junkyard and then install it themselves with only basic hand tools, something only the most hardcore car guys would attempt on a do-it-yourself basis and would require at least a hoist in any post-World War II vehicle.
  • Invoked in Booth Tarkington's Penrod (set and published in 1914), the 12-year-old title character temporarily has use of a small outbuilding since the family horse has died and his father hasn't decided whether to get another horse or a car. One later edition's professorial introduction describes it as "no longer a stable but not yet a garage".

    Live-Action TV 

  • In 1979, in the song "Rapper's Delight", Big Bank Hank of The Sugarhill Gang bragged about owning "a sunroofed Cadillac". Nowadays, a sunroof is actually considered behind the times, being displaced by the glass roofs, and Cadillac does not have the prestige it had in the 70s.
  • Bruce Springsteen's "Born to Run" dates itself with the line about "chrome-wheeled, fuel-injected and steppin' out over the line", as today fuel injection is standard, not a feature found on customized muscle cars.

    Video Games 

    Real Life 
  • The pillarless hardtop body style. Introduced by General Motors in 1949, it quickly became very popular and was offered by pretty much every major American automaker by the dawn of The '60s. However, concerns about rollover safety in The '70s led to it being phased out alongside the convertible, and while convertibles made a comeback in The '80s with the introduction of roll bars (both built-in and retractable), the hardtop has stayed dead.
  • Fuel injection and variable-valve engine timing, features now pretty standard on most cars were once features found exclusively on high-end sports and luxury cars.

Electrical Components

When transistors came around in the '70s to do everything a vacuum tube could, it'd mean that the old vacuum tube would go the wayside, right? Or when integrated circuits came around, who needed a discrete transistor? Or hell, why are we even using electricity? Optics would be way cooler.

  • In James Blish's Cities in Flight series, written in the 1960s, the galactic economy runs on germanium as a treasure metal. Because it's essential to electronics.
    • As noted in Real Life, Blish gives the lower reliability of transistors as the reasoning for the titular Cities using mainly vacuum tubes for their computers, which was true at the time of writing. However, he failed to predict any advance in this area, and even in the far future vacuum tubes appear to remain state of the art.
  • Gordon Korman's The War With Mr. Wizzle was written in the early eighties, and as such the computer he introduces to MacDonald Hall is a monstrosity of a machine that has to be fed punch cards. The 2003 reprint updates this to the modern era, noting that the school would now be filled to the brim with computers. So Wizzle instead introduces software he's written to control the school.
  • The 1952 novel Limbo by Bernard Wolfe has nuclear-powered Artificial Limbs that still use vacuum tubes.

    Real Life 
  • It's not uncommon these days to find audio amplifiers with vacuum tubes. The reason being is that audiophiles say it gives audio some kind of "warmth" to it. It's probably the same thing as an incandescent bulb does for light versus a fluorescent tube.
    • Apparently vacuum tubes also react to different harmonics from transistors, and overdriving a guitar on a tube amp sounds infinitely better than overdriving a transistor amp.
    • The difference is in the kind of distortion that gets generated when the amplifier stage is driven hard enough (or overdriven) that the amplified signal would exceed the actual supply voltage (which, of course, can't happen). Because of the way tubes work, their output can never actually reach 100% of the input-supply voltage; instead, as you approach the limit, a tube's output "rounds off" in an asymptotic curve (look it up) known as soft-clipping. A transistor, on the other hand, will go all the way to the limit and then simply "hard-clips" any part of the signal that would drive it any higher. Both are, technically, distortions of the e signal, but a tube's soft-clipping produces "low-order harmonics" which are more pleasing to the human ear than the "high-order" harmonics produced by a transistor's hard-clipping. (Transistor circuits can be designed to simulate a tube's natural behavior, but it vastly increases the complexity of the amplifier, and is a lot more difficult to pull off convincingly than you'd think.)
    • Tubes also amplify in a fundamentally different way from transistors. Tubes default to manipulating the current, while transistors default to manipulating the voltage. They both manipulate both, but the default is the primary way the output is manipulated for typical amplifier circuits. This means that tube and transistor amps sound different regardless of what you're doing with them, even if you aren't overdriving them.
  • Quite a few people prefer incandescent type bulbs versus fluorescent and LED lights.
    • The first is that the warm light an incandescent bulb gives off is very pleasing. This is due to the CRI (Color Rendering Index) of incandescents being closer to that of sunlight than any fluorescents and cheaper run-of-the-mill LED light sources. Though, if you're not used to it anymore, incandescent's yellowishness seems wan.
      • This is one area in which technology is unlikely to march on due to the laws of physics. An incandescent bulb works by heating up a filament to produce black body radiation. This produces a continuous spectrum with a frequency peak that depends on the temperature but that extends across a large range of higher and lower frequencies. A bulb filament is a bit cooler than the Sun (although not as much as you might think), but will always produce a similar shape spectrum. Fluorescent and LED bulbs instead work by producing light in very narrow bands by exciting electrons in atoms, which emit discrete frequencies when they decay. While newer version attempt to appear similar to incandescent bulbs on casual inspection, it's physically impossible for them to ever reproduce a continuous spectrum.
    • The second is that fluorescent and some older LED bulbs flicker: fluorescent tubes glow very briefly and need a constant hammering of electrons to stay "constant", while older LED type bulbs are driven by pulse width modulation (PWM), where the LED shifts rapidly between on and off, the proportions of which give off a certain level of light. For some more sensitive people, this causes headaches, and it can be very irritating to many people on the autism spectrum, who can see the flicker and hear the constant humming. The flickering of fluorescent and LED bulbs is dangerous for machines that reciprocate or rotate. If the machine is going at the correct frequency, it may appear to be going slower than it really is, or in the opposite direction, a phenomenon called the Wagon-Wheel Effect. This problem is made worse by the fact that some electric motor designs want to spin at a speed directly related to the AC power line frequency (which is what LED and fluorescent lights normally flicker at). While all three can also be made to not flicker at the line frequency, it takes extra components (and extra cost) so it's not normally done unless there's a reason.
    • However, Tech Marches On once again: newer LEDs are current-controlled and as such flicker-free save for minimal amounts of noise, PWM technology has been improved to the point where the pulses vary at tens of thousands of hertz, far above the most sensitive human's perception. CRI has also been taken into account, and LED's can come in colors varying from a milder version of fluorescent lighting (cool white) all the way to a 60w incandescent bulb's (warm white).
    • Pinball machines can be modded to accept LEDs instead of the incandescent lights they were designed for, but the ones made prior to 2006 were programmed to coordinate the lights with incandescents in mind. A few of them, such as Fun House and Ripley's Believe It or Not!, will cause the LEDs to strobe constantly instead of blinking on and off, blinding the player. Hence, even in the days where LEDs are largely replacing incandescent lights in everything from street lighting to filmmaking, some pinball machines from the '90s and earlier still undergo maintenance using incandescent bulbs. With the United States phasing out sales of incandescent bulbs in 2020, however, this will soon become averted, as pinball fans who do programming are hard at work reprogramming these machines so the LEDs function in the same way their incandescent counterparts do.
  • The Soviet Union MiG-25 was built with vacuum tubes for a substantial amount of its electronics, mostly because it was more robust to the environment and could withstand an EMP blast better than transistors.
    • Vacuum tubes are also much easier to manufacture than the types of transistors that are more reliable than vacuum tubes. The early (and most easily manufactured) types of transistors are actually less reliable than vacuum tubes under normal operating conditions, and are particularly prone to failure due to vibration (which is almost impossible to avoid in an aircraft, especially a relatively small one that travels extremely fast).
    • Never mind vacuum tubes: British Naval officers still learn to use slide rules and Morse signals, on the assumption that none of the fancy electronics can be relied on in a pinch.
      • They are, as far as it goes, correct. They also still teach celestial navigation in at least some navies for the same reason. Very simply, all your electronics can fail, for many reasons. If you can't use your sextant and slide rule, you're probably already dead anyway.
      • For the same reason, soldiers on the ground are taught to use a paper map and a magnetic compass, and artillery crews learn how to calculate their shots manually.
      • Schizo Tech: There are many apps for modern smartphones which turn the magnetometer inside into a magnetic compass. Reason: Data transmission needed for maps may fail or simply you're too far away from a cellphone tower, GPS signal may be too weak, but the Earth's magnetic field is still there.
      • The same goes with leisure boating, especially blue-water voyaging. Electronics not only can fail; rather, they will sooner or later fail, especially when least desired, and knowledge on how to use sextant and slide rule has saved many long distance sailors. This is especially crucial in single-handed sailing.
    • It is the case that old-fashioned clocks, with hands moving around a numbered face, are sold in stores in a way that capitalises on a quirk in human psychology. If the hands are set approximately to ten and two, they evoke a happy smiling face and it has been demonstrated that people are more likely to buy clocks if they see, at least subliminally, a smiling face. This is known in marketing as the "ten-o-eight" phenomena. Observational comedian Dave Gorman wondered if this is still the case today when so many clocks and watches are digital. What he discovered was that in sales photos and displays, clocks/watches with a digital face are 95% of the time set to... 10:08. in numbers.

Storage Media

Who else here has ever talked about "taping" a show on to a hard disc, or "rewinding" a DVD? Some media applications call it "seeking" or "skipping", but those are even older terms, even if they're not tied to specific medium. It's also still a trend to call any solid-state storage media a "tape", after audio cassette-tapes and video-tape formats like VHS.

    Fan Fiction 

  • Shooting films on, uh, film, pretty much died off. By the early 2010s digital video cameras had improved to the point that the average viewer couldn't tell the difference between the two formats. Shooting to digital video is far cheaper than buying film stock, as well as eliminating the need to develop and scan the film.
    • Distribution has moved entirely digital as well, as hard drives cost far less than printing thousands of reels of film. Theaters had to upgrade to digital projectors or close due to movies no longer being distributed on film reels.
    • Compared to editing actual film on a flatbed, editing digital video files in an editing program is far faster, and most modern programs can run on off-the-shelf PCs. For example, Gone Girl was edited on off-the-shelf Macs using Adobe Premiere.
  • The creators of 9½ Weeks seem to have wanted us to be impressed with how John sets up the famous striptease scene using his CD player, and indeed that probably was the first time someone used one in an American film. Today it looks quaint.
  • In Cloak & Dagger everyone calls the game cartridge with the hidden data a "tape".
  • Lampshaded nicely in The Wedding Singer: Glenn brags about buying a CD player for around $1,000, and Julia promptly offers to get a record to play on it.
  • In A New Hope the whole plot about the Death Star plans suffers from this on several levels: for one, no one in universe thinks to make copies of the plan and send it to every Rebel base, likely because the writers didn't know this was possible. Also, as the film was made in 1977, there is nothing akin to the Internet in universe (the prequels would eventually add the Holonet as an equivalent) where the Rebels could just keep uploading the plans so people could keep downloading them even if the Empire succeded in shutting down some of the download sites. There's also an unintentionally hilarious bit where Admiral Motti refers to the "stolen data tapes", suggesting the galaxy (which seems to be several centuries ahead of ours technology wise) still uses something akin to video/casette tapes. Though, to be fair this could just be a term the use for convenience rather than a literal description (akin to how we refer to "folders" on a computer even though no manilla envelopes are involved).

  • The Starfire books by David Weber and Steve White often has warship personnel say "on the tape" to mean they've recorded a message for transmission. The series is set several hundred years in the future but was written in the mid-2000s.

    Live Action — TV Series 
  • In an episode of Saved by the Bell, Bayside High decided to put their yearbooks on videotapes. Good luck to them finding a VCR to play them on in the 21st century, as the last one was manufactured in July 2016.
  • Played for laughs in Runaways (2017), where the teenage Molly finds the important message her parents left for her is on a VHS tape, and she stares at it like it's something from Mars.

  • The "DVD rewinder" even exists as a joke appliance.
  • Topps' Wacky Packages has exposed tape sticking out of the package of "Stupid Moron Bros. 2".
  • The Transformers franchise has a few characters who in the original incarnation of the brand turned into at-the-time current technology, most famously Soundwave and his minions (who respectively turn into a (micro)cassette player and cassette tapes). Owing to the fact that no-one uses cassettes anymore, most new toys of the characters either refer to their alt-modes by different names or give them entirely new (or slightly different) alt-modes entirely.
    • Soundwave, being such a distinct character, thanks to both his cassette minions and his distinct voice, is generally an exercise in creativity as to how to render him for a new day and age. The consistent themes that he needs to hit are audio communications and Creepy Monotone. Such themes were covered by Predator Drones, Stealth Planes, Communication's Satellites, bats, and the Nissan Cube (one of the first cars designed with MP3 music devices in mind).
    • The IDW series initially solved the problem by having Soundwave arrive on Earth in the 80's, scan a micro-cassette player, and get trapped in his alt-mode.

    Video Games 
  • In JoJo's Bizarre Adventure: Eyes of Heaven Jotaro Kujo time travels from 1989 to 2011 to team up with his Kid from the Future, who's dealing with a villain that can steal people's memories with special CD-ROM's. Jotaro...understandably doesn't know what a CD-ROM even is (even though the CD had already been out for seven years from Jotaro's perspective).
    Jotaro: "Wait, did you say disc? Is it like a cassette?"
    Jolyne: "Generation gaaap!"
  • In World in Conflict a Running Gag is Mike's inability to find batteries so he can show off a high-status gadget of his, a portable CD player. Granted, World in Conflict is a Period Piece set in 1989, but in the modern day, when CDs have gone the way of the dodo, it stands out.
  • In Metal Gear Solid, made in 1998 and set in 2005, the Briefing segments are presented through the inserting-ejecting sound effects and screen artefacts as a series of VHS tapes (in a world which also has fully immersive virtual reality simulations). Otacon also has the original PlayStation in his lab, though it's not out-of-character for an Otaku to be into retro games.
  • The Ace Attorney series tends to use technology more or less consistent with the time the games were made, despite generally being set 15-20 years in the future. By 2009, when Ace Attorney Investigations: Miles Edgeworth came out, DVDs were common enough that any security footage was presented on DVDs, even in the flashback case that took place chronologically earlier than any case in the series to that 2012, still shortly in the future. Earlier games, however, frequently used VHS despite being set even later.

    Web Original 
  • In Half in the Bag, Mike and Jay run a VCR repair store, and their main source of income is from Harry Plinkett, who they defraud and lie to in order to have him constantly return his VCR for repairs.
  • The "Sega tapes" of Homestar Runner. Like a lot of elements in the series, this is deliberate parody of this trope.

    Real Life 
  • For people that work in facilities that deal with confidential information there is actually a battle to get CD players. Since facilities trying to protect confidential information may not allow phones or MP3 players, for fear of someone saving information on them and walking out the door with it, but generally will allow older CD and tape players. The problem is some areas no longer stock CD players, so if you want to be able to listen to music at your office you're going to have to find an old player that still works. If your office is large you may be fighting hundreds of other people who are also stalking the local thrift stores for this outdated technology. Still, it's a pretty niche need.
  • A lot of modern software still uses an image of a 3.5" floppy disk to indicate the save feature. One suspects that a lot of people born after 1995 have no idea what the image is supposed to represent.


TVs have changed a lot and tropes that applied to analog black & white models don't always carry over to the digital HD and 4K multipurpose display devices of the present.

  • Numerous shows and comedians use to make a joke that "in the future there will be hundreds of channels, and nothing to watch". Congratulations, it's officially the future.
  • A TV without signal, even on most modern media, is shown with TV static. This has largely fallen out of favor due to the shift to digital TV, where one without signal is usually just given a "no signal" message (although it can still be seen if you try to get over-the-air analog stations). Even many analog TVs since the late '80s have the ability to mute static and blank the screen if there's no signal. Of course this can be partly justified, as it's much easier for the audience to notice an entire screen being covered in static, and they're of course conditioned to know that it's broken if that's what they see.
    • There have been a few shows set in the far future which feature static-y TVs for added color (Cowboy Bebop, for example). However, since digital television is replacing all forms of analog TV, the only way you could have old-style static or bad reception on future TVs is if you intentionally put it in. Bad reception does happen on digital TV, but differently; instead of static, you get horizontal strips of garbled blocks like a badly scratched DVD. (This is known as "tiling.")
    • Unless the video was a recording that had at some point in the past suffered decay in analog transmission or storage — converting a static-y analog recording to digital is going to perfectly preserve the static. That's no excuse for live transmissions, though.
    • In the days of analog TV, if another appliance in the house was running at the same time as the television (typically something like a vacuum cleaner or a blender), that would cause the TV to get static-y. Nowadays, while vacuuming or making a smoothie while your family member/roommate watches TV might be annoying for other reasons, it's not going to cause the picture on the TV go static-y or "tile."
  • Recently, many thrift and second-hand stores have stopped accepting cathode ray tube televisions — and in some cases, video cassette recorders — because of their outdated technology and lack of interest by the public. Most of the old CRT TVs and VCRs sit on the shelves for months, unsold, before the stores wind up taking the items to an electronics recycling center (often at a financial loss to the thrift store), and signs at the stores often direct people wishing to make such donations to go to the nearest electronics recycling center. (Although most stores do still accept VHS videotapes, much like it's relatively easy to find eight-track tapes at thrift stores.)
    • In countries where analogue transmission has been turned off in favour of digital (a large chunk of Asia, Europe, North America, and Australasia), CRT televisions are outright worthless without a set-top box, which has added to second-hand and thrift stores turning them away.
    • That being said, if you do still happen to have one hanging around your house and it still works, it is still possible to use it. You just have to be aware of its limitations, and you probably won't want it as your main TV in your living room (maybe in a bedroom or something).
  • The trope page for Poor Man's Porn has a whole section (Type C) dedicated to people trying to watch scrambled porn on TV. This is now outdated (except in '80s-'90s period pieces), as newer television sets recognized the scrambled signal and replaced it with a blue screen, and nowadays you simply get a screen saying you do not get that particular adult video channel.
    • For that matter, the very concept of Poor Man's Porn is mostly obsolete. Actual porn is freely available, in huge quantities, over the Internet, everything from "vanilla" sex to very niche hardcore fetish porn. Admittedly, you're probably not going to be viewing porn at the local library, so you do need your own computer and Internet service. Still, the most common users of Poor Man's Porn weren't the poor, but children who weren't allowed to view anything else. Nowadays, like it or not, any kid who has hit puberty has probably looked up or stumbled upon some illicit porn at some point.
  • The advent of the DVR and On-Demand services (along with streaming sites like Netflix, Hulu, Amazon Prime Video, and, to an extent, YouTube) changed things in a lot of ways. Nowadays, kids (and even some adults) will struggle to grasp the concept of only being able to watch TV shows while they were actually airing. That being said, a new problem has emerged: Streaming services can only afford to have so many shows available, and some will inevitably get removed from the service due to a variety of reasons (disputes, lack of viewership, controversy, and so on). As some shows are available only through streaming, once these shows are removed from the service, their availability will drop drastically. The decline of Appointment Television has also made many feel that the Nielsen ratings have become obsolete, since those only measure viewership of live broadcasts and Nielsen has resisted counting streaming in their ratings since those do not feature the same advertising as on broadcast television and they are stuck using measurement standards that were last updated in 2006.
  • Another thing people tend to forget these days is that before the year 2000, basic cable was both more prevalent (to the extent that roughly half of the households that even had cable in a given neighborhood only had the basic package) and didn't include major networks like USA Network, the Sci-Fi Channel, Comedy Central, Nickelodeon, Disney Channel, and Cartoon Network (which was a big part of why, to name a random example, WCW Monday Nitro maintained its ratings stranglehold over WWF Monday Night Raw for nearly two years, because TNT was on basic cable).
  • Before the days of digital cable and satellite, in order to know what was on television, one either had to wait for information on a particular channel to roll by on a repeating scroll (such as the Prevue channel, which became the TV Guide Channel at the Turn of the Millennium), or use the listings in the local newspaper or the print-copy of TV Guide. As digital cable became more and more prevalent, cable and satellite providers began adding interactive guides, which let consumers look at listings themselves, often much further out than the old rolling scrolls did. This digitalization is also what made it possible for high-speed Internet to come to more and more homes.
  • Back in The '70s, The '80s, and The '90s, satellite dishes were large, clumsy things. (They were, and in places where note  they're still around, still are referred to as "BUDs," an acronym meaning Big Ugly Dish.) Now, the dish part of it can be barely larger than a dinner plate, thanks to digital TV making things much more efficient than the old analog dishes.
  • Back in the days of CRT sets, alot of people would brag about having one in the 32-inch range, which can nowadays seem laughably small.
  • Getting information from a PEG Channel. Previously, if you wanted information on the goings-on in your community, or were attending a Correspondence Course, you would watch these channels. Nowadays, all that information and that classwork are all online. As for people who want to make and share videos about...well, just about anything, they can do so through video-sharing websites such as YouTube or Vimeo. (Without needing to take any classes on how to produce television.) However, PEG channels offer an advantage over these video-sharing sites: when you record at their studio, or using their camcorders, you are using actual TV recording/editing/etc. equipment. (Which is something your average YouTuber might not have access to.) And they can be a good place to start if you're hoping to get into TV production as a career.

  • Lampshaded in Back to the Future as Marty is in 1955:
    • First, when Marty dines with his future maternal family, Lorraine asks whether his family owns a television set, to which Marty says, "Yeah, you know we have two of 'em...", making her younger brother say "Wow, you must be rich!", to which their mother says, "Oh, honey, he's just teasing you. Nobody owns two television sets!"
    • Later, Marty tries to explain his knowledge of an episode of The Honeymooners as having seen it as a rerun. In several non-English dubs of the movie, the word 'rerun' doesn't exist (usually because the country concerned had not adopted the policy of re-airing episodes of television shows as of the mid-eighties), so Marty says instead that he saw "The Man from Space" episode of The Honeymooners "on tape".
    • As the 1955 Doc looks at Marty's camcorder, he says "Now this is truly amazing: a portable television studio. No wonder your president is an actor, he's got to look good on television!"
  • A notable example of the ubiquity of curved CRT screens in the future is 2010: The Year We Make Contact, which used small CRTs everywhere on the sets for the Discovery. (This is especially ironic as Stanley Kubrick used rear-projection to accomplish the illusion of flatscreen monitors for the same ship in 2001: A Space Odyssey.)
  • Men in Black II: Kids who grew up with DVDs and digitally downloaded movies probably won't get the locker-aliens' "Be Kind, Rewind" reference. The "Adult section in rear" gag, teens can probably figure out, though it also dates the picture.
  • One of the Alien Nation TV movies had people using CRT monitors well after flatscreen monitors had become cheap and readily available in the real world. This was deliberate on the part of the filmmakers... while they were still using CRT monitors, they were using much more advanced interface devices and streaming video was slightly ahead of where it is even today, several years later. This was to highlight that technology had developed in entirely different ways due to the Newcomers.
  • Lampshaded in X-Men: Days of Future Past when Hank is showing off his room-filling device that enables him to record ''...all three networks and PBS."
    Logan (Sarcastically): All three? Wow!
    Hank (Not getting it): And PBS.

  • A passage in Atlas Shrugged (written in The '40s and The ’50s and set in something like an alternate crapsack Diesel Punk universe) mentions a "super-color-four-foot-screen television set" being "erected" in a public park like it was some sort of monument.
  • In Red Dragon, the killer works as a film developer for home movies, a profession now decades obsolete. The film updates this to him working in film-to-video transfer... another profession that, if not yet completely obsolete, is now so obscure that it's a story-breaker: if both victimized families had been having old filmstrips transferred to video, the FBI's investigators would have noted this incongruity as an immediate common link without the profilers' help.
  • At one point in Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Dudley is complaining about the fact that Vernon taking the household to a rickety old shack on an offshore rock in an ultimately futile attempt to throw off pursuit by Hagrid means he'll miss one of his favorite TV shows. This happens in late July of 1991. If it were set today, while Dudley, being Dudley, would still complain, it wouldn't mean quite as much. If anything, a first-time reader (especially if they aren't aware of the time frame, which wasn't firmly established until Deathly Hallows) will simply be confused about why Dudley is so upset at all.
  • The Beverly Cleary novel Mitch and Amy, which is set in the 1960s, features a number of diatribes from the title characters' father. He not only takes a great deal of issue with his children watching television, he seems to object to the fact that the family owns one. Viewed through a modern lens, this comes across as exceedingly strange.
  • The iconic intro to Neuromancer, "The sky above the port was the color of television, tuned to a dead channel", is somewhat spoiled by the fact that on many modern TVs, the color you see when you turn your TV to a dead channel is bright blue. (In 1984 when the book was written, it would have been an ugly gray static.)
    • This is referenced and lampshaded in the first line of Neil Gaiman's book Neverwherenote : "The sky was the perfect blue of a television, turned to a dead channel."
    • Same in Robert Sawyer's Wake: "The sky above the island was the color of television, tuned to a dead channel - which is to say it was a bright, cheery blue".
      • And even that's an anachronism because modern video monitors default to black when no signal is present.
      • Although, Direc TV and its sister service U-Verse use a blue screen to depict channels you don't get.
  • In the The Pendragon Adventure's third installment, The Never War, Bobby Pendragon makes the mistake of asking his local counterpart Vincent "Gunny" Van Dyke where the TV is in a 1937 hotel suite. Naturally, Gunny has no idea what he's talking about, but notes that there is a radio around there somewhere when asked about it.

    Live Action — TV Series 
  • One of MADtv's earliest regular sketches was "Lowered Expectations", a video dating service for extremely maladjusted individuals. Despite being hilarious, the sketches quickly became dated due to the rise of online dating, which rendered video dating services obsolete. As a result, the sketch was quietly retired by the late '90s.
  • The producers of Babylon 5 tried to hide their use of CRT monitors by embedding the screens in bulky, futuristic looking equipment with lots of lights and buttons. Unfortunately you can still see that the screens are curved, like the screens of CRT monitors in the early-mid 1990s.
  • Earth: Final Conflict, produced in the late 20th century and set in the late 2010s/early 2020s, also used bulky CRT monitors in government buildings, corporate offices, and the Taelon Embassy, despite flat screens becoming cheaper and more ubiquitous late in the show's run.
  • The signature opening Control Voice lines for The Outer Limits (1963), about how "we are controlling transmission", specifically reference a number of technical glitches - misaligned images, blur, color distortion, rolling or flickering - that commonly afflicted early analog television sets. These days, glitches typically involve pixelation, scrambling, or judders between adjacent channels, and even the idea of "transmission", i.e. broadcasting, seems archaic in the era of cable, satellite, and streaming video. In addition, the opening monologue's most well-known lines are "we control the horizontal, we control the vertical". This referenced the fact that TVs of the era actually had controls that adjusted the vertical and horizontal width of an image, a feature that was dropped from TV sets by the end of the 1970s.
  • There's an episode of Married... with Children that goes around Al's desires to watch his favorite John Wayne movie Hondo that, according to him, airs every 17 years, and of course as he's Al Bundy he missed the film after getting trapped in a store due to a computer malfunction and then after getting knocked off by said computer. When he awakes he hears the channel advising that they schedule the film to be presented again... in 2011 (the episode aired in 1994). Nowadays modern audiences will have problems grasping the concept of not being able to watch a movie whenever they want.
    • In fact, the joke was ruined almost immediately: Hondo got a VHS release a few months afterwards.
  • There are at least two episodes of Cheers that exemplify this:
    • The one where all of the barflies (and Lilith) get really, really excited when Sam buys a whopping (Cliff's wording) 32-inch TV for the bar.
    • The one where Sam buys a used satellite dish and it's one of those giant things people would expect SETI to be using nowadays.
  • On Everybody Loves Raymond, when Ray gets a satellite dish with all the sports packages to help with his job as a sports reporter, everyone in the neighborhood (including his parents) starts acting nicer towards both Ray himself and Debra, so they can come over to their house and watch TV.
  • In one episode of Everybody Hates Chris, when the family celebrates the fact that they could finally afford to buy a 19 inch TV, Adult Chris explains that in the early '80s', when the episode takes place, a family owning a 19 inch TV was a big deal, even though in the mid 2000s', when the episode aired, a 19 inch TV was a common staple in every college dorm room.
  • An episode of Adventures in Wonderland features Alice wanting to watch a show, but she has to do her homework. A modern viewer might wonder why she doesn't just watch it on demand, while others might wonder why she didn't just record it. Even in the early 90s, when a VCR was commonplace in a lot of households like this, she might not have had a blank tape available.

  • In a MAD article about the fifty worst things about the Internet, one panel showed a family huddled around their computer watching a movie on Netflix on their tiny monitor, while their large beautiful flatscreen TV sat in the background unused. The issue came out in 2009; nowadays there are several ways to watch streaming sites through your TV (even back then, the family could have used an HDMI cable to plug the computer into the TV if they really wanted to). Hell, many TVs now have online connectivity, eliminating the need for a middleman altogether.

  • In Pink Floyd's "Nobody Home", from The Wall, the alienated rock star complains he's got "thirteen channels of shit on the TV to choose from." Bruce Springsteen claims "57 channels and nothin' on." These days it's more likely to be hundreds of channels of shit.
  • In the song "Rapper's Delight" by The Sugarhill Gang, Big Bank Hank brags about having a color TV, which is decidedly unimpressive by modern standards. Color TVs were already common in the late 1970s.

  • Our Miss Brooks: A particularly glaring example of Technology Marches On occurs in the episode "The Tape Recorder". Walter Denton causes trouble by purchasing an outrageously expensive tape recorder ($385 in 1950 funds!) for Madison High School — in the grips of Mr. Conklin's latest economy drive. A circa 1950 tape recorder, incidentally, isn't a small device, but one of the huge reel-to-reel affairs seen here. Hilarity Ensues as Miss Brooks and Mr. Conklin are forced to explain the purchase to school board head Mr. Stone. Even more Hilarity Ensues when the records Walter Denton made are played back in a mixed-up state.
  • Journey into Space: In Journey to the Moon / Operation Luna, the Moon landing is broadcast to Earth over the radio on October 22, 1965. However, there is no mention of it being shown on television. When he wrote Journey to the Moon in 1953, Charles Chilton failed to anticipate how ubiquitous television would be by 1965. Since television was already very common in the UK by the time that Operation Luna was broadcast in 1958, it was already dated even then.

    Video Games 
  • In Metal Gear Solid, Psycho Mantis's television-breaking powers imitate the Video mode on a specific brand of '90s Sony CRT TVs, making the holdover quite odd when they reappear with Mantis's cameo in Metal Gear Solid: Ground Zeroes, a game released on consoles made primarily for HDMI output.
  • Final Fantasy VII has enormous white '97 CRT monitors appear here and there between fantastical SF designs; it's especially striking in the control room in Junon, which is wall-to-wall with them (and just outside a biomechanical gas chamber with no resemblance to real technology).

    Western Animation 
  • The Simpsons had the Simpson family using a CRT television from their 1989 premiere up until they transitioned to HD in early 2009, adding a new intro sequence that featured an HDTV in the end. Though, the show itself wouldn't have the family owning an HDTV till the next season.

  • In a El Goonish Shive comic from 2003, Ellen, Nanase, & Justin go to a video store to rent a movie. They meet Susan there, who invites them to watch it at her place.
    Susan: I have a 64'' widescreen TV with surround sound and a DVD/VHS player.
    Ellen: Sweet!

Other Thrift-store Tech

  • When a work requires background music to suddenly end for humorous purposes, nine times out of ten they'll STILL put on the sound effect of a needle skating across a vinyl record. This even applies to kids' shows, where it is otherwise assumed that the audience won't have a clue what vinyl records are and need it explained every time they're mentioned.
    • Also the phrase "you sound like a broken record".
  • 2010 has various examples of thrift-store tech. (i) HAL's "memory module" room was reconstructed for 2010, but alongside the original futuristic-looking memory modules, a previously unseen keyboard is used to interact with HAL (due to his damaged speech circuits). Not a dead tech, but unfortunately it looks like a typical early '80s keyboard, contrasting badly with- and looking more dated than!- the original film's inventive design. (ii) Floyd's secret failsafe cutoff for HAL is to be activated by him typing nine 9s on a hacked calculator. Again, not a dead tech, but one which would be a far less obvious "first choice" gadget for that use today than it would have been in the mid-80s when calculators were still (somewhat) new and high-tech.
  • In Kevin O'Donnell's novel ORA:CLE, published in 1985, personal names are replaced by alphanumeric strings encoding personal attributes (including allotted public time and computer-related knowledge [!]); for example, the main character's name is ALL80 AFAHSC NFF6 (Ale Elatey for short). However, it's set in a universe where all computers run unprotected operating systems like DOS and all news are shown in Bulletin Board Systems. In 2188.
  • On the subject of Cyber Punk, many of the genre's works (print and video) featured extensive virtual realities that today are being realized with applications such as Second Life. While we can see the usefulness of VR for entertainment, education or training purposes, is it really more efficient to walk through a fully rendered VR representation of an automated factory to control and maintain operations, or would a screen of text and numbers and a keyboard be sufficient?
    • The US Navy is actually incredibly enthusiastic about using VR and Second Life in particular to train servicemen and -women on things such as submarine operation. However some of their other applications reek of "we must retroactively justify this expense."
  • When you pull up next to someone in traffic and motion to them to roll down their window, what do you do? That's right. You motion like you're rotating a lever, despite the fact that a vast majority of cars on the road these days have buttons to roll down windows... not levers. Still, everyone knows what you mean, presumably because levers are recent enough that everyone driving today can remember the days when they were common and also lever controlled windows are still included on vehicles (mostly base-model trucks and very cheap subcompacts) without power windows installed.
    • Credit to comedian Steve Hofstetter for trying to bring everyone forwards...
      "I don't roll down my window. Because my car wasn't made in 1997. I vsshh down my window."
  • The accepted icons for saving (a floppy disc) and a movie (a roll of film) are both representations of entirely obsolete technology — but likely to last longer than the memory of the media themselves!
    • There's a joke floating around the Internet about a kid seeing a 3.5" floppy for the first time and asking "Who 3d-printed the save icon?"
  • People still use the term "dial a number" when telephones haven't used dials for decades.
  • Many pictograms of telephones are also hopelessly out of date, ranging from the depiction of just the phone receiver, which looks a bit too clunky for today's standards, over the "classical" key phone with the receiver sitting on top like a torero hat, to the same design, but with a dial plate. Likewise, pictograms that tell you to switch off your cell phone can hardly keep pace with the rapidly evolving appearance of said cell phones.
  • We also turn our finger in a twisting motion when we're asking someone to turn volume up or down, despite the fact that most devices now have buttons with up and down arrows on them. Granted, some speakers have dials, and so do many MP3 players, but those are outnumbered by the buttoned devices.
  • The party game Charades has a standard action to indicate a film that consists of holding one hand as a fist in front of the face (the camera lens) while the other makes a winding motion nearby, mimicking manually winding the film through a camera. Needless to say, even film cameras haven't needed manual winding for many decades now; that dates back to the very early days of cinema.
  • The use of double-spacing at the end of sentences. This is a hold-over from the days of typewriters with their monospacing (where every character occupies the same amount of space), to help the period stand out. Such a necessity has long been rendered obsolete by digital word-processors and just plain looks silly when used nowadays, but a lot of older typists (or younger ones taught by them), still use two spaces after periods. Even on this very wiki, though That Other Wiki and other MediaWiki-based wikis generally format pages so only one space is displayed even if more than one is typed into the code for the page.
    • It's still a handy method for students to pad papers that are to be a certain number of pages long. Two spaces at the end of every sentence adds up.
    • And this practice continues to serve its original purpose if something is to be printed in Courier or another typewriter-like font.
    • It's also a handy habit when texting or writing notes on a cell phone, as adding the second space after the end of a sentence will cause the text function to automatically insert a period.
    • Ever proving the ancient maxim, "There's the right way, the wrong way, and the Army way," The U.S. Department of Defense (which shows up on this page in several places) still uses the "two space" rule in official correspondence, even though the proportional Times New Roman is the mandatory font, and still has instructions like "indent three spaces," which don't make much sense when using proportional fonts.
  • Even though Wheel of Fortune switched to an electronic puzzleboard in 1997, people still refer to the letters being "turned" as if they were still physical trilons.
  • A third party Dungeons & Dragons book (not quite SFW) refers to Polaroid pictures with the spell "Irnar's Polaroidic Pregnancy" (shortens the pregnancy to 9 hours). The guide isn't quite complete, and the name is yet to be changed.
  • "Hi-fi" used to mean a stereo system, and is a bit outdated in these days of MP3 players. (As a term for high-fidelity sound it is still used by people in the sound industry). This is a bit troublesome tech-wise for people having Fun with Palindromes because "If I had a hi-fi" is still a popular palindrome in books, etc.
  • People are often told to cut the doors off refrigerators before throwing them away, to keep playful children from being locked inside and suffocating. However, this only applies to older fridges with latch handles that are impossible to open from the inside. Fridges built since the '80s, however, use magnetic strips to hold the door shut, which can be easily opened from either side.
  • In April 2016, the National Weather Service announced that they would stop "shouting" at viewers. For decades, they transmitted their weather reports using teletype, essentially a typewriter connected to a phone line, which only allowed for all-caps, MEANING THEIR FORECASTS WOULD ALWAYS LOOK LIKE THIS. It worked fine for most of the 20th century, but once the Internet took off in the '90s and teletype became obsolete, using all caps implied yelling, especially in forecasts posted to social media. They wanted to start using mixed cases back then, but unsurprisingly for a government agency, it took them an extra twenty years to completely phase out the old equipment that only accepted teletype.
    • This is why the Weather Channel, back when they actually showed weather forecasts, looked like this.
  • The folk-legend that vampires don't show up in mirrors or photography is because mirrors used to consist of a thin sheet of silver protected by glass, and silver compounds were used in film, in addition to the reflex mirror inside the camera. Silver is considered a holy substance, hence why nothing undead would show up in it. But mirrors nowadays use cheaper aluminum for its reflective surface, a much less "picky" metal, and digital photography has all but replaced film and the silver-based emulsion fluids that went with it. There's also the fact that a vampire who doesn't appear on camera means not appearing in security footage, smartphones, or the media, which would remove the dramatic tension of maintaining the Masquerade in the modern day. As a result, this has become a Forgotten Trope in vampire fiction.
    • Some Vampire stories have taken the 'Vampires don't show up in things' and run with it. In the TV series Ultraviolet, for example, a Vampire wouldn't show in any mirror, camera, or even sound equipment. Vampires had text-to-speech devices to allow them to use telephones, whilst the show's Vampire hunters had guns with a small camera and TV screen attached - point it at a room full of people and anyone who didn't show up on the screen was a target. One episode even features a woman who was pregnant with a Vampire child, with Doctors constantly telling her it was a false pregnancy because nothing showed up on their ultrasound.
  • A once-popular method of suicide that still occasionally comes up in fiction is sticking one's head in the oven. Young people might see this and get confused ("Is he going to cook himself to death?"), but older gas ranges didn't automatically light. Turning the knob simply released the gas, and you'd light it yourself. That is, unless you're suicidal, in which case you'd lay your head on the oven floor until you drifted off to eternal slumber. Furthermore, until the 1970s the gas was coal gas (also called town gas) and contained significant amounts of toxic carbon monoxide. Natural gas used currently is nontoxic, though it can cause asphyxiation by displacing oxygen. Presumably, locking one's self in the garage with the engine running will fall prey to this trope as well if electric cars ever fully supplant fueled ones.
    • It already has, with CO emissions so well-scrubbed in modern gasoline cars that people attempting suicide by this method have fallen asleep and woken back up with the engine still running.
  • Banking. Back in the day, most transactions required paper checks and people had to "balance the checkbook" to track their account balance, as the bank would only provide it once a month by mail. Nowadays, banks do all the math and provide live balances online. Deposits and withdrawals used to require going to a bank branch during banking hours and interacting with a teller, then ATMs made this possible 24/7, and now checks can de deposited with a smartphone by taking a picture. For the most part paper checks have become obsolete, most employers can direct deposit paychecks into bank accounts, credit and debit cards replaced paper checks for merchant use, and payment apps like Zelle and Venmo for personal payments. Nonetheless, registers in grocery and department stores are still equipped to receive checks, mostly for elderly customers who had grown accustomed to using checkbooks for decades. On the other hand, large purchases like cars and home down payments often still require a paper check, and landlords might require them as well. But even this may be phased out, with the aforementioned Zelle and Venmo apps, PayPal, and even card-swiping devices such as Square for phones and tablets.

    Anime and Manga 
  • One-Punch Man has an internal version with remarkable turnaround time. In the original manga (both ONE's webcomic and the Yusuke Murata remake), published in 2013, Saitama and Genos' mail is delivered via air drop because City Z is considered too dangerous for mail carriers to visit. In the Animated Adaptation, released in 2015, this is changed to a mail drone.

  • A positive variant is depicted in The Magdalene Sisters, which the notorious Magdalene Asylums, de facto Irish gulags for women who didn't conform to local religious mores (like being raped), earned their main income from doing laundry which had to be done by hand in earlier years. Later, the first washing machines were installed and although the Nuns and their prisoners didn't know it then, the very ubiquity of these relatively inexpensive and obviously practical appliances in personal residences would destroy the economic viability of those prisons.
  • In 1981's Escape from New York, a monitor displays a 3D wireframe model of NYC as Snake lands his glider in the city. The filmmakers wanted to use an actual computer model, but since technology wasn't there yet at the budget they had, they compromised by building a physical miniature New York, outlining it with reflective tape, and filming the result. This was the budget option.
  • Seen in a 2015 era antique store in Back to the Future Part II:
    Antique store saleswoman: Now this has an interesting feature — it has a dust jacket. Books used to have these to protect the covers. Of course that was before they had dust repellent paper. And if you're interested in dust, we have a quaint little piece from the 1980s. It's called a Dustbuster."
    • Funnily enough, the Dustbuster continues to enjoy popularity and has even taken on Brand Name Takeover.
    • And paper books may be on their way out, dust-proof or otherwise.
  • In Trading Places, Louis Winthorpe tries to sell his watch at a pawnshop, mentioning how it's waterproof up to 3 atmospheres as proof of how top-of-the-line it is. Today, many watches are waterproof to as many as 50 atmospheres.note 
  • In Time Bandits, the embodiment of evil explains that he knows better than the Supreme Being because he has knowledge of "Digital watches. Soon I shall have knowledge of video cassette recorders and car telephones. And when I understand those I shall understand computers. And when I understand computers I will be the Supreme Being." In 1981, those really were cutting edge and were meant to be. Now they can be considered evidence that Evil is a little out of touch.
  • One Hour Photo was made in 2002, probably at the last possible moment before it'd need a period setting to explain why anyone would need to take pictures somewhere for them to be developed.
  • In Ferris Bueller's Day Off, Ferris' line "I asked for a car, I got a computer. How's that for being born under a bad sign?" seems strange today. A typical teen in 1986 wouldn't know what to do with a computer, but every teen in modern times would like his or her own private computer for social messaging, file sharing, and pornography.
  • The characters in Tomorrow Never Dies have to repeatedly exposit what a GPS is, because in 1997 that was obscure military technology. Nowadays, virtually every new car and phone has access to GPS.

  • Appears in the Dragonriders of Pern series. The Skies of Pern, written in 2001, has cell phone-ish tech cropping into usage. All the Weyrs of Pern however, written in 1991, essentially has the Dragonriders saving the world by what amounts to handling ships' embedded electronics via console (Take That!, graphical interface!) because the "real" computers were removed millenia ago. Funny part is that lots of things that are only one notch above PIC but run OS-s used to support telnet terminal access are already here.
  • The original (circa 1980) edition of Superfudge by Judy Blume had Peter asking for and receiving a pocket calculator for Christmas. Later editions change the gift to a check from Grandma since, by about 2000, a regular calculator was a standard school supply and could be bought for about a dollar. He asks for a stereo in the original, but only in jest. Current editions have him ask instead for a laptop and MP3 player, and by 2010, it's hard to tell whether the latter was supposed to be an outrageous request.
  • In the original print of Are You There God? It's Me, Margaret. by Judy Blume, Margaret is instructed in the proper use of a belt to secure her menstrual pad. The invention of menstrual pads with adhesive backing (something often taken for granted these days) had to wait until women's undergarments became snug enough for adhesive pads to be practical, which in turn required the invention of Spandex and cheaper methods of creating inexpensive fine-gauge cotton knits.
  • When Repairman Jack first appeared in The Tomb, written in the early 1980s, Jack had to put in a lot of work to maintain his anonymity but still find customers and stay off the grid. Actually renting an office under an assumed name with nothing in it but a phone and an answering machine, multiple mail boxes under multiple names that he would check for mail daily, always using pay phones, etc. Jump ahead to the present day and he's ditched the office and the answering machine and the mail boxes and just uses a web page with a phone number and email address displayed, buys cheap no-plan phones that he pays cash for and replenishes the minutes with using prepaid credit cards, etc.
  • The protagonists in Ken Grimwood's Replay are stuck in a 25-year "Groundhog Day" Loop from 1963 to 1988, so it isn't surprising this pops up. The author had shown his work though, by pointing out that some devices could be procured before they caught on with the public (though they were expensive) there were appearances of the Wang 1200 and Sony VTR. The following quote happens in 1974:
    "Near the window was a large desk stacked with books and notebooks, and in the center of it sat a bulky, greenish-gray device that incorporated a video screen, a keyboard, and a printer. He frowned quizzically at it. What was she doing with a home computer so early? ... 'It's not a computer,' Pamela said. 'Wang 1200 word processor, one of the first. No disk drive, just cassettes, but still beats a typewriter. Want a beer?'"
  • The famous quote from The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy that humans are so primitive "they still think digital watches are a pretty neat idea." Funny in the late '70s, a bit baffling by the early '90s (they had marched on from being impractical high-tech gadgets to a commonplace item nobody would call "neat"), rather on-the-nose now.
    • The radio adaptations in the mid-2000s had novelty ringtones instead. Not quite as dated yet.
    • Douglas Adams defended the original line from a copy editor who wanted to modernise it to cellphones. According to Douglas, digital watches are inherently ridiculous (in the middle of a period defined by finding visual ways to show information clearly, we took the graphic display we'd had since medieval times and replaced it with a string of numbers, just because we could) in a way that cellphones aren't. As long as humanity continues to believe there's a point to digital watches, he considered the "pretty neat idea" dig valid.
  • In The Space Odyssey Series, by the year 3,000 humanity has developed technology to match song lyrics to the Ear Worm stuck in your head for you for a fee. Uh... it's called a search engine and it's free.
  • An instructor in Starship Troopers was blinded in combat. Towards the end of his class, he feels the watchface to see how much time is left. Maybe he couldn't afford a talking watch.note  Soon it's likely that readers will be asking why he didn't get prosthetic eyes.
  • An inventor in The Dead Past by Isaac Asimov demonstrates his newest gadget, a time viewer. He turns on the monitor, then warns his impatient colleague to "let it warm up." When the story was written, televisions used vacuum tubes and frequently took 30 seconds to a minute to display a picture after being turned on.
  • Jules Verne's Paris in the Twentieth Century, written in 1862 and taking place in the distant future of 1960, makes some rather impressive predictions about the future. One of the reasons it wasn't published had to do with the publisher finding stuff like electro-mechanical calculators, widespread use of automobiles, fax machines, skyscrapers, automatic security systems and remote-controlled warfare too unrealistic. On the other hand, people still write using quills, records are still kept in books (that is, a colossal book apparently four meters tall, whose pages are turned with machinery) and there is apparently no air transport (except the odd airship or two, probably).
  • In The Stars My Destination, tattoo removal becomes a plot point. The main character needs to remove a clearly identifying facial tattoo forced on him by a Cargo Cult, and the removal process involved bleaching out the tattoo by injecting acid into his skin while he is awake and screaming. The book was written in 1957, three years before the invention of the laser, let alone laser tattoo removal. There is some dialogue in the book suggesting that tattooing is a lost art in the future, and tattoo removal would not be a priority in a culture without tattoos.

    Live Action — TV Series 
  • Game Shows: Watch any classic episode of a game show that offers prizes, particularly prior to 1990 (or even 2000), and you'll see electronics and other items that were cutting edge then that are today outdated.
    • Examples include the countless video cassette recorders (first offered circa 1978, when they cost $1,000 or more and were considered a "grand prize"(!)), the Muntz projection TV (the "deluxe" style of television viewing, with a (gasp) 3-by-4 foot viewing screen) and the large satellite dishes (from companies such as General Instruments). Cellular car telephones, which were worth $3,000(!), was a common top-level prize, as were portable telephones.
      • Several shows also offered an "entertainment center" – basically a stand with several dividers, which went along with the TV, VCR, audio equipment, connectors and remote control – whose components today would be worthless (except for perhaps the audio components, even though there's virtually no market today for cassette tapes and even compact discs are declining in share).
    • Computers are another common example. Take a look at, for instance, a Tic-Tac-Dough episode from 1979, when the Apple II computer was offered as a prize (worth $2,000-plus(!), counting the disk drives, monitor and printer that came with it) ... state of the art for the time with its 64K memory (expandable to double it), and people were truly excited about winning one. Today, it's a museum piece, and even low-end modern computers have several gigabytes of RAM. Commodore, Radio Shack and Texas Instruments also saw their computers given away as game show prizes (with and without the other items), and likewise, except for hobbyists, these computers have long since become obsolete.
    • Speaking of Tic Tac Dough, each of those video screens on the big board was generated by its own Apple II, in stunning 16-color 40x40 lo-res graphics, with the nine Apples networked by an Altair 8800. Compare, at the time, the 1978-79 version of Jeopardy!, which still used printed cards on their big board! By 1984, when the Alex Trebek edition of Jeopardy! debuted, its 30-screen board made Tic Tac Dough's board look quaint by comparison.
    • Years before Skype and other no-cost proprietary voice-over-IP services, there were videophones. At least one episode of the 1980s version of High Rollers, which is uploaded to various video sharing sites, offers video phones (a $500 item) as a prize; it was touted as state-of-the-art way to see and hear the people you're talking to. Videophones differ in one key respect from all the other items in this entry in that nobody really wanted them. Video chat systems, the modern equivalent, are nothing like as popular as voice only or text chat.
    • Speaking of music devices, one Sale of the Century shopping-level prize was a $12,000 video jukebox. Users deposited their money into the jukebox and chose one of several selections which the machine would pick out and play on the video screen. They date back to the 1940s and have seen several evolutions over the years, from the 1940s Soundies on black-and-white 16mm film, to the 1960s Scopitones on color 16mm film, to the 1980s Rowe International videocasette jukeboxes offered on Sale of the Century, to the current models that stream videos via WiFi and are much more compact than the physical-media-based models of old.
  • Central Park West had characters use a very primitive form of email (which had just been introduced into the workplace around the time the series was created), and didn't have any modern functions such as inactivity timeout, password protection or full text editor. A large part of stockbroker Gil Chase's storyline is that several characters (including his ex-girlfriend and a romantic rival) are able to access his email without any password and nearly destroy his reputation by playing havoc with his contacts.
  • The Dukes of Hazzard:
    • "Double Sting," from the first season, sees Rosco using a large "field telephone" to communicate with Enos. The field telephone was typically used only by law enforcement (and in large cities, more populous counties and state agencies at that) and the very rich in 1979. Today, everyone – even in the most backwoods of communities – is using cell phones and iPhones, perhaps videophone sites like Skype just like the rest of us.
    • "Uncle Boss," taped in 1979 but aired during the third season, sees Boss Hogg's corrupt nephew, Hughie, introduce Boss and Rosco to the state-of-the-art technological marvel ... the video cassette recorder! Quite a bit of time is dedicated to explaining how one of these contraptions work. Although its purpose in the plot is to attempt to frame Bo and Luke for bank robbery (as a security camera is attached to the VCR), there may have been a subliminal message in it all – buy a VCR and you capture the Dukes on tape ... every week! In any case, the VCR has long met its match, and banks typically now use hard drives and hidden security cameras to monitor banks. In addition, note that Boss and Hughie hand-deliver the videotape with the incriminating evidence to the FBI ... but get detoured into a junkyard and are held up briefly by Cooter's magnet(!), which erases the tape; today, Boss could simply send the footage of his "bank robbery" to the FBI via a private Internet connection (such as file transfer protocol, or ftp, site), making his favorite scheme of hiring impersonators to pull off a "Duke boy bank robbery" even easier to accomplish without Bo and Luke even having a clue what's going on ... until federal authorities converge on the farm with warrants for their arrest.
  • Sesame Street: Around the mid-1980s, Oscar the Grouch owned a "grouch computer." The buzzword back then was "friendly computer," which simply meant easy to use; of course, with Oscar involved, the "friendly greetings" were replaced by "grouch" ones. Other Sesame Street residents (notably, Luis and Maria) also owned a computer. All segments with computers were used to teach basic computer skills and workings of computers. And of course, these were computers that were state-of-the-art for the era, at a time when they were far less common.
  • In the pilot of Lois & Clark, the Kents' use of a fax machine was presented as evidence they weren't subject to the old-time "American Gothic" farmer stereotypes. Now it has the opposite effect of making them seem out-of-date.
  • On Rescue 911, the prevalence of carbon monoxide poisonings looks weird to modern audiences because carbon monoxide alarms are about as common as fire alarms. Possibly a case of "Seinfeld" Is Unfunny, as said poisonings were what led to demand for the development of an alarm that would detect carbon monoxide.
  • On an older episode of Law & Order Lenny got a lead by looking at the victim's pager. Remember pagers?
  • Beepers were parodied in the 2006 series 30 Rock via character Dennis Duffy the "Beeper King" who just knew that they would make a comeback.
  • In the original Carrusel, video games were not present at all. While this was Mexico in 1989-1990, the Brazilian 2012 remake did insert them, since it would no longer be credible to have a show about children's school and daily life without video games present in any way.
  • On Murder, She Wrote, Jessica's practice of recording audio versions of her novels was slated to be discontinued, because her publisher claimed there weren't enough blind people to maintain demand. The notion that sighted people might want to listen to novels on digital media - or even a personal cassette-player, already commonplace when the series aired - evidently hadn't crossed anyone's mind.
  • An episode of Airwolf revolved around a Vietnamese boy who might have been the son of Stringfellow's missing brother St. John, and the end of the episode has Archangel lamenting the fact that they may never know if the boy really is St. John's son and String's nephew. Within 10 years of that episode airing, taking a cheek swab of both would have answered that question in a few weeks. In the current day, with the technology the the Firm presumably would have access to, it could have been answered in a few hours.

     Professional Wrestling 
  • At ECW November To Remember 95, November 18, 1995, during the Tommy Dreamer/Terry Funk vs. Raven/Cactus Jack main event, Dreamer hit Raven over the head with a VCR, then with the remote to the VCR, which would be much harder to find today.
  • Another example involving Dreamer. On the 2007 Halloween Episode of WWECW, Dreamer dressed up as Paul E. Dangerously (Paul Heyman) for his match with Nunzio, who was dressed as Dracula, and hit Nunzio with a cell phone, much like Paul E. had done as a manager from the mid-1980s until 1995. However, because of this trope, the phone Dreamer used was much smaller than the big bricks Paul used during the 1980s, which qualifies as Badass Decay.

    Video Games 
  • Final Fantasy VII, despite having plenty of futuristic Magitek like giant robots and holographic arcade games, has Cloud owning a "PHS" and using it to contact the other party members. This was a stripped-down Asian cellular phone service based around CDMA technology aimed at the personal market, which had a reputation for only being used by children or poor people. PHS became obsolete around the time that anyone could get powerful mobile phone coverage for extremely cheap, and few people remember it even in its home market — in the West, where PHS was never used, it's Lost in Translation.
  • Resident Evil has typewriters acting as save points and a slide projection for a puzzle hint. The game takes place in 1998, which wouldn't make typewriters and slides look too out of place, but typewriters had already fallen out of common use by that point. It makes sense in the setting of the first game though, which took place in a seemingly abandoned old mansion, but the franchise kept using typewriters throughout the sequels, with many of them spread out throughout Raccoon City in Resident Evil 2 and Resident Evil 3. Resident Evil 5 would be the first game to abandon the typewriter system in favor of simply having auto-saves after each checkpoint. Resident Evil 7 did away with auto-saves, but didn't bring typewriters back; instead, saving is done in tape recorders.
  • Emperor: Rise of the Middle Kingdom: Shifted back a couple of millennia, but over the course of the campaign iron will replace bronze, and in turn be replaced by steel, bronzeware utensils will fall out of fashion and be replaced by lacquerware, charioteers will be replaced by mounted cavalrymen and paper will take over from wood as the writing material of choice. Also, things like irrigation, currency (first copper coins, later printed paper money), and new crops like tea and rice will appear over the course of the campaign.
  • Metal Gear Solid 2 has Mr. X give Raiden a phone, described in its description as an ordinary cellphone. However, it's an ordinary (good quality) cellphone as would be in 2001; by the real 2009, phone technology had gone in a broadly unexpected direction. The script actually notes this: Raiden stares at the cell phone (a current, therefore old, model).

    Western Animation 
  • Barely 10 years after the series Hey Arnold! aired, younger viewers seeing the show the first time would wonder what exactly Helga's father (the "Beeper King" of "Big Bob's Beepers") was selling. Lampshaded in The Jungle Movie, where thanks to Comic-Book Time smartphones and Bob's unwillingness to get with the times have put him in financial dire straits.
  • Cellphones are present in Godzilla: The Series, but the designs are that of the old clam shell style with antennas, having aired from 1998 to 2000.
  • The Family Guy episode "Brian & Stewie" has Brian and Stewie accidentally locked inside a bank vault and they spend the entire weekend trapped inside with no way to break out. Bank vaults usually have a button or other mechanism that allows people to open the door from the inside (not to mention every vault would have cameras inside, so the person watching the cameras could see something was wrong), which means the bank Brian and Stewie were at was extremely old with just as old architecture or they got trapped for the sake of drama and tension.

Alternative Title(s): Tech Marches On


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