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Stock Monster Symbolism

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You wanna make a serious minded monster movie? Well, the result is going to be taken as symbolism, regardless of what you intended.

Here, then, are some of the standard Monsters from Our Monsters Are Different, with notable examples of said symbolism as interpreted.



Zombies (of the Zombie Apocalypse variety)

Zombies (of the Hollywood Voodoo variety)

  • Slavery
  • Again, faceless conformity and loss of identity
  • Fear of being Buried Alive

The Body Snatchers and similar

  • Conformity and infiltration are the watchwords here.
  • Frequently associated with a Red Scare

Giant Monsters

  • Disasters. Either man made (Hedorah, giant robots, mutants) or natural (Rodan), a sort of divine retribution tied to shinto beliefs can also be read into it (Mothra).
  • Abuse of military power. Almost always military might will fail miserably and just waste everyone's time, and often it's the fault of the military that the Kaiju are there in the first place.
  • The threat of Nuclear Weapons and other weapons of mass destruction. Nuclear Fallout.

Alien Invaders

  • Human imperialism and war.
    • The original The War of the Worlds novel was largely meant as a critique of the British Empire and imperialism in general.
  • Human reaction to disaster, similar to zombie films in that the people are more of a problem than the invaders. Also an element of all War Of The Worlds adaptations.

Aliens in general

Mad Scientist-made Monsters


  • Human interaction with nature and Romanticism vs. Enlightenment— cryptids are usually described as living in areas of untouched wilderness and hunted by humans with fancy technological gizmos. Heroes often have to help them escape and be left alone in the wild, without human interference.
    • Tintin in Tibet ends with the hero saying he hopes humans never catch the Yeti, because they'd only put it in a zoo.
    • The {{Unicorn}} has an extremely similar status even though it doesn't have exactly the same history or reputation as the modern cryptids. Unicorns may be mysterious even in settings where other fantasy creatures are an ordinary fact of life.


  • Slavery - the word 'robot' is derived from the Czech for 'slave' - or workers in general, which also makes them useful for talking about Communism. 'Robot revolution' stories - whether the story was on the revolution's side or not - were especially common in the early half of the 20th century, but fell out of fashion once revolutions stopped seeming likely and the Cold War began. Red Scare stories featuring robots in this era will often suggest they are disguised perfectly as humans, hiding amongst humans and spreading evil robot ideas. Even fairly apolitical robot stories tend to depict them as 'lowly' characters compared to the humans due to their life of drudgery, which sometimes allows them to be Servile Snarkers or even so beneath notice as to be able to commit murder...
  • Dependence on technology and possessions - the idea that a possession, in some way, owns its owner. Or, less frighteningly, the idea that a possession might have a 'soul'.
  • The meaning of human consciousness, humanity or the soul. In stories like this, robots are often depicted as being essentially 'human' and with consciousness but condemned to be treated as a 'thing' due to their artificial minds. They may be fighting to gain the rights of being recognised as human, which can be read as a metaphor for civil rights movements. Alternatively, the robots and artificial intelligences might have Blue and Orange Morality, demonstrating that a being doesn't have to be human to be intelligent.
  • Romanticism Versus Enlightenment, when a highly intelligent but emotionless robot is pitted against less intelligent but loving human beings.
  • The failings of rules and law compared to intuitive thinking - in stories like this, robots will be incapable of disobeying seemingly harmless rules, resulting in awful consequences in messy real world situations.
  • Destiny - a robot is usually made for a specific purpose, with abilities to allow it to do its job, and often with the inability to choose not to fulfil that purpose.
  • Anxiety about death - robots can't be killed due to not really being alive and tend to invoke the Uncanny Valley (the lowest point on which is an animated corpse).


Any Was Once a Man That Remains Intelligent


  • Being unable to "move on" from some wrong—usually consumed by anger or sadness
    • A ghost may be so fixated on this wrong that they forget everything else about themselves—hence, the dangers of dwelling too much on something in the past
  • Being so attached to the physical world that they've ruined their own spiritual health
  • The way that the injustices of history influence the present. These events can range from the scale of horrific colonial crimes and entire socioeconomic systems (such as in the Indian Burial Ground trope) all the way down to interpersonal family conflicts that haunt the minds of their descendants (such as the ghost in Hamlet).