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"Listen to the chorus of the Brontosaurus
And the Stegosaurus down by the swamp
Along comes a dinosaur making such a loud roar
Thumping with his feet and going stomp, stomp, stomp
Pterodactyl flapping, long beak clacking
Big teeth snapping down from the tree
Here’s the woolly mammoth, tusks all curly
Joins the hurly-burly, oh dear me
What a noise, it’s the boys
From the Prehistoric Animal Brigade!"
'''The Prehistoric Brigade''' lyrics note 

As just about any six-year-old will eagerly tell you, dinosaurs are awesome. And from Hollywood's point of view, they make for great, epic beasts and terrifying monsters, particularly given the fact that they actually existed at one point. Hence, it's only natural that writers would want to include dinosaurs and other extinct creatures in their stories.

Unfortunately, most writers only know a few types of dinosaur. Even dino enthusiasts may be forced to avoid lesser-known dino species, in case the viewers don't get it. As a result of this, series featuring dinosaurs, whether as a result of Time Travel or being set in Prehistoria or 1 Million B.C., are almost guaranteed to feature at least one of the following:

    Saurischian dinosaurs 
  1. Tyrannosaurus rex, the most famous and, supposedly, the most powerful dino of the bunch. Had huge jaws but tiny front claws with only two fingers. Far less-common smaller relatives of the rex in media are Tarbosaurus found in Asia (often believed the "twin" of Tyrannosaurus, and at one point classified as another species within the Tyrannosaurus genus), and Gorgosaurus, Albertosaurus and Daspletosaurus, all from Late Cretaceous North America, like the rex. From even further north comes the Nanuqsaurus ("polar beard lizard"), a smaller tyrannosaurid that is usually depicted with a coat of white, fluffy feathers to keep it warm. There's no direct evidence that Nanuqsaurus had feathers, but the more primitive Asian tyrannosaurid Yutyrannus definitely did, so it's a reasonable speculation.
  2. "Raptors", usually called Velociraptor and popularized by the dromaeosaurids in Jurassic Park, which are closer in size to Utahraptor but are actually meant to be Deinonychus note . Note that "raptor" traditionally means a bird of prey, such as an eagle or a hawk — and it ultimately comes to us from the Latin word for "to seize", rapere. Of course, it turns out that all birds are raptors, descended from maniraptors very closely related to Velociraptor, Deinonychus, or Utahraptor, so this usage is accidentally correct in a way. Raptors are the first examples that today come to most people's minds of dinosaurs that are considered fast and intelligent, instead of slow and lumbering, as most dinosaurs were thought to be prior to the formal description of Deinonychus in 1964, by John Ostrom. Deinonychus lived in Early Cretaceous Montana and was about nine feet long, Utahraptor lived in Early Cretaceous Utah and was twice its length, and proper Velociraptor lived in Late Cretaceous Asia (the best-known species within the genus is tellingly named Velociraptor mongoliensis) and was six feet long. The namesake Dromaeosaurus was the same size as Velociraptor and lived in Late Cretaceous Alberta.
  3. Troodonts like Stenonychosaurus or Saurornithoides were similar to dromeosaurs, and are usually lumped into the "raptor" ensemble despite being a distinct family of theropods, with weaker sickle-feet and generally slighter builds. Stenonychosaurus was once claimed the "smartest dinosaur", and is the origin of the curious Dinosauroid hypothesis, made in The '80s.
  4. Allosaurus, the other large carnivorous dinosaur prominent along with Tyrannosaurus. Distinguished from T. rex by having three fingers, larger arms, and brow horns. Standard-issue for any depiction where a Jurassic rather than Cretaceous predator is required. Other less-common choices of Jurassic big theropods are the 18 ft long horned Ceratosaurus (living alongside the Allosaurus, and possibly its "underdog" in life), and the 24 ft long Megalosaurus - the first dinosaur named by science (hence its rather generic title, meaning "big lizard"), in 1824 England, with an extremely complex Science Marches On story.
  5. Giganotosaurus, Carcharodontosaurus and Acrocanthosaurus, larger and younger relatives of Allosaurus, all from the Cretaceous but earlier than tyrannosaurs. Giganotosaurus, at least - and possibly also Carcharodontosaurus - is believed to have been even bigger than T. rex, though there does not seem to be quite as much of a pop cultural rivalry there as there is between rex and Spinosaurus (see below).
  6. Carnotaurus and its lesser-known cousin Majungasaurus, which looked like smaller, horned tyrannosaurids, but were actually part of another branch, the Abelisaurs. The two-horned, short-faced Carnotaurus of Argentina has left excellent prints of skin with tubercles. Its arms were, if anything, even more useless than those of T. rex. The one-horned Majungasaurus was found in Madagascar. Together with Coelophysis (see below) and T. rex itself, Majungasaurus is one of the few dinosaurs which have been believed (at one point) to have occasionally eaten its own kind.
  7. Spinosaurus, a North African dinosaur found in the Sahara regions, which became famous in 2001 due to its starring role in Jurassic Park III: it had distinctive dorsal spiny crest and crocodile-like jaws, and today is considered the largest of all the carnivorous dinosaurs, even bigger than the classic record-holder T. rex, and often shown in a fight against it. The fact that the spinosaurs mostly ate fish and had an aquatic lifestyle is quite unlikely to be discussed outside of educational works (or from the pro-Tyrannosaurus contingent speculating on how such a fight would go). Recently found to be a croc-like swimmer with stubby hindlegs and a large tadpole like tail, in 2020, making incorrect all its more classic depictions of the classic bipedal carnivorous dinosaur.
  8. Smaller spinosaurids include the Baryonyx - a more normal-looking carnivore found in England in The '80s and noted for its numerous teeth in its crocodile-like jaws, and huge thumb-claws probably used for fishing - and Suchomimus - another African dinosaur, not quite as big as Spinosaurus itself and lacking the huge sail, but otherwise fairly similiar in appearance. Less likely to appear in pop culture are the even smaller Icthyovenator and the humourously-named Irritator, of Southeastern Asia and South America, respectively, and the gigantic Brazilian Oxalaia, which was almost as big as Spinosaurus itself and seems to have very much resembled it, sail and all.
  9. Dilophosaurus, another dinosaur made famous due to the Jurassic Park franchise, in particular the first book and movie. Living in North America around 190 million years ago (so Early Jurassic), it was one of the first large theropods that ever appeared. It was named for the distinct pair of parallel crests on its head, and was about 18 feet long, weighting around 500 kgs. It will often be inaccurately depicted as more human-sized, spitting venom and resembling a frilled-necked lizard, thanks to Spielberg and Crichton. It's still controversial if it was a carrion-eater or a powerful hunter in Real Life.
  10. Ornithomimids or "ostrich-mimic dinosaurs", slender running bipeds of small or medium size, specifically the smallish Ornithomimus, Struthiomimus and Dromiceiomimus of North America and the bigger Gallimimus of Asia. Often cited as examples of harmless or peaceful dinosaurs because of their absence of teeth. Their speed and agility will often be emphasized.
  11. Oviraptorids (usually called Oviraptor) can be mixed up with the ornithomimids, being similar in look but with shorter bills, more developed feathers, and often a cranial crest. Both ornithomimes and oviraptors tend to be depicted as nest-robbers, preying on other dinosaurs' eggs, a bit like raccoons or foxes robbing chicken eggs from a farm.
  12. Compsognathus or "Compy" from Europe, which is famous for being one of the smallest dinosaurs, often stated to be "chicken-sized" and "chicken-looking". Often incorrectly said to be the smallest of them all and depicted with two-fingered, T.rex-like hands (it actually had three fingers per hand). Ornitholestes and Coelurus were similar but a bit bigger, both from North America. Guanlong, found in 2006, was one of the first tyrannosaur ancestors, and its suffix "long" ("dragon" in Chinese) betrays the place it was found. All of these small carnivores lived in the Late Jurassic.
  13. Archaeopteryx, another dinosaur from Late Jurassic Europe, was actually smaller than Compsognathus, and is the iconic link between non-avian dinosaurs and birds. Popularly called the "first bird", though in reality it's a bit more complicated than that. Recently becoming popular is also the Cretaceous Microraptor found in the year 2000 in China, distinctive for its "four-winged" look and tiny size, also being smaller than Compsognathus. Feathers among dinosaurs seem to have been fairly widespread, at least among the theropods: from the small oviraptor-like Avimimus found in Mongolia in 1981 with its arm-bones that show attachment points for feathers, to the small "Liaoning theropods" found in China since 1997, to even the tyrannosaur Yutyrannus, found in 2011 (also in China, see above).
  14. Therizinosaurus, a big theropod whose Wolverine Claws have made it famous. This alongside the fact it was a herbivore and that it is known to have been covered in feathers are the biggest reasons it's considered to be one of the strangest looking dinosaurs ever, together with other two equally big birdlike theropods, the giant omnivorous ornithomimosaur Deinocheirus (originally found in 1965, but not much was known about it until a more complete fossil was found in 2013) and the giant oviraptor-relative Gigantoraptor found in 2009. Another Vegetarian Carnivore theropod related to the therizinosaur was the smaller, 7-meter long Segnosaurus. Initially, both Therizinosaurus and Deinocheirus were thought to be huge meat-eaters because of the original incompleteness of their remains, but they're now understood to have been herbivores (or possibly omnivores), and not quite as big as previously thought. All these four dinosaurs were found in Mongolia's Gobi Desert.
  15. Sauropods or "long-necked dinosaurs", most prominently Brachiosaurus (more correctly, Giraffatitan note ), notable for its upright giraffy shape and huge size; the slenderer Diplodocus, famous for its extreme length and immensely long tail; and the Brontosaurus and Apatosaurus, which were both shorter but more massive than the related Diplodocus. For more than a century, Brontosaurus was considered a junior synonym for Apatosaurus, but a 2015 study proposed that several species (including the type species, Brontosaurus excelsus, named way back in 1879) are different enough from Apatosaurus to warrant a separate genus name. Diplodocus, Brontosaurus, and Apatosaurus had "whips" at the end of their long tails, while the brachiosaurs were much shorter-tailed.
  16. More sauropods include the shorter-necked North American Camarasaurus, the early European Cetiosaurus, the armored South American Saltasaurus of the Cretaceous, the expecially long-necked North American Barosaurus, the even more long-necked Chinese Mamenchisaurus, and the top contenders for biggest land animal of all time, among them the Early Cretaceous Dreadnoughtus and the later Argentinosaurus (both of which were found in Argentina). Once, sauropods as a group were believed to be semi-aquatic creatures that had to live in swamps because they were too heavy to stand on land. Today we know they were not only terrestrial, but even able to rear up on the two hind legs alone, like modern elephants. Some paleontologists argue that the contemporary view of purely terrestrial sauropods may be an over-correction, and that some of species may have been perfectly comfortable in a more wetland environment, such as the smaller African Nigersaurus, whose wide mouth and comb-shaped teeth might have been adaptations for straining through water plants and even small invertebrates, similiar to the feeding habits of today's flamingos. Another classic error is to depict sauropods as having elephant-like nailed feet, where in reality they were clawed. Sauropods lived around the entire world, and while the most famous of them lived during the Jurassic, the sauropods survived well into the Cretaceous period (as noted above, the very biggest of them were Cretaceous dinosaurs) and may have been among the very last dinosaurs at the end of the Mesozoic.
  17. Plateosaurus and Coelophysis, two of the first true dinosaurs: the former a bulky (24 feet long and about two tons in weight) herbivorous precursor of the even larger sauropods, and the most common dinosaur found in Europe; the latter a small (9 ft long and 30 kg) and skinny predatory North American theropod, with a long neck and agile legs, and one of the most common small-sized dinosaurs in the fossil record. These are the ones from the Triassic period that you're most likely to see. The Coelophysis is sometimes believed to have eaten its own kind note . A bigger and less ancient Coelophysis relative is the aforementioned Dilophosaurus. The plateosaur was once thought carnivorous, or quadrupedal like a true sauropod, but is now thought to have been a bipedal herbivore. Rarer in media are Eoraptor, Staurikosaurus and Herrerasaurus, Triassic bipeds of South America, long believed the "first dinosaurs" and the ancestors of all the other dinos since their discovery.
  18. Plateosaurus is the most famous of the "prosauropods", a group including the Early Jurassic North American Anchisaurus, the Triassic European Thecodontosaurus, Early Jurassic African Massospondylus and Triassic South American Mussaurus, among others. Anchisaurus was the first dinosaur found in the USA (as early as 1818!), Thecodontosaurus one of the first found in Europe (in England), while Massospondylus is best known for an abundance of nests and eggs found in the 2000s, and Mussaurus is only known from eggs and hatchlings.

    Ornithischian dinosaurs 
  1. Stegosaurus, familiar thanks to its famous back-plates, tail-spikes, and brain no bigger than that of a cat's despite the fact that it's as big as a bus. This contributed to the idea that dinosaurs in general were unintelligent and went extinct due to this failing. It's unknown how much intelligent Stegosaurus was in Real Life. It was a Jurassic North American dinosaur, and is usually depicted as the nemesis of Allosaurus, equivalent to the Cretaceous T. rex vs. Triceratops pairing. Sometimes Stegosaurus is shown with an incorrect placement of the plates and/or tailspikes. The African Kentrosaurus and the Chinese Tuojiangosaurus and Chungkingosaurus were fellow stegosaurians that lived around the same time, but were smaller and spikier. The exact role of their plates is still controversial among scientists. A later animal called Dravidosaurus, found in India, was once believed to have shown stegosaur survival well into the end of the Cretaceous, but it has since been identified as a non-dinosaurian sea reptile, and the stegosaurs are now firmly thought to have gone extinct before the end of the Dinosaur Age.
  2. Ankylosaurus, a large quadrupedal herbivore distantly related with Stegosaurus, famous for its heavy dorsal spiny armor, short legs, wide body, armored head, and rounded clubbed tail. Often pictured incorrectly in media, with armor more similar to the other ankylosaurian dinosaurs. Lived alongside with Tyrannosaurus and may have fought it on occasion. Despite its heavy armour, its underbelly was soft and unprotected. Euoplocephalus, Nodosaurus, Polacanthus, Pinacosaurus, Scelidosaurus, Minmi, and others were all smaller and earlier than Ankylosaurus (not all of them having the club tail), and can be used occasionally as substitutes of it in media. Ankylosaurians lived for most of the Mesozoic Era and have been found around the world (including Australia and even Antarctica, which was still ice-free at the time), with Scelidosaurus being the earliest known (Early Jurassic). Hylaeosaurus of England is one of the three animals originally named dinosaurs by English paleontologist Richard Owen, together with Megalosaurus (above) and Iguanodon (below). All the three are visible as outdated life-sized sculptures in the Crystal Palace Park in London.
  3. Triceratops, popularly called the "three-horned dinosaur" or "Trike" is the best-known Ceratopsian, and one of the best-known dinosaurs. Often, and as far as we know, accurately, depicted in a predator-prey relationship with the T. rex. Such a fight would truly be the Behemoth Battle we see in the all the illustrations, as the Triceratops would have had a devastating charge, and is often likened - with reason - to a rhinoceros or bull. It's been speculated that the Triceratops may have used its distinctive frill and horns to attract potential mates, and while there's no way to be sure (we're not even sure they lived in herds), the image of males grappling with their horns to impress females is a common one in dinosaur-related media. Almost all of the big ceratopsians lived in North America during the Late Cretaceous, but only a few, among them Triceratops, were hit directly by the Rock Falls Everyone Dies event. Some recent evidence suggests that it - and, by extension, the other ceratopsians - have have also possessed porcupine-like quills on their backs, although this has yet to make its way into pop cultural portrayals.
  4. Styracosaurus, smaller (around half the size) and a bit earlier than Triceratops, but known for its spiky frill that slightly resembles the head of the Statue of Liberty, and other ceratopsids like the triangle-frilled Chasmosaurus, the huge-headed Torosaurus and Pentaceratops, the one-horned Centrosaurus, and the thick-nosed Pachyrhinosaurus, which can be used as substitutes for Triceratops. Centrosaurus had strange "hooks" on its frill and has left huge fossil herds drowned in ancient floods. "Monoclonius" was perhaps a juvenile Centrosaurus; Torosaurus was, until recently, thought to be the same animal of Triceratops. Pentaceratops means "five horns" but actually only had three.
  5. Protoceratops, nicknamed the "sheep of the Cretaceous" for its abundance in the fossil record, is usually depicted in the same roles as Triceratops as well, only much smaller and without horns which makes it appear "cuter". Often shown as the archenemy of Velociraptor, based on a famous fossil battle found in Mongolia in The '70s. One of the most famous Asian dinosaurs, the Protoceratops has left abundant fossils including nests and hatchlings, and was once believed the owner of the first dino eggs ever found, and sometimes (like the other ceratopsians) is thought to have been omnivorous instead of herbivorous. Also sometimes thought to have inspired the mythical griffin, with its quadrupedal body and superficially birdlike head - its fossilized remains, still common today, would have been well-known to ancient peoples across Central and Western Asia, where the myth originated.
  6. Hadrosaurs or "duck-billed dinosaurs" (usually either Edmontosaurus or Parasaurolophus, more occasionally Corythosaurus and others like Saurolophus or Kritosaurus), large herbivorous dinosaurs which could shift from bipedal to quadrupedal. Their head-crests varied a lot, the most famed being the long prominence of Parasaurolophus. The most popular hadrosaurs were North American. Edmontosaurus was particularly ducklike with its flat bill and has left an amazing 10,000 individuals including petrified mummies, Corythosaurus had a big round crest like a cassowary bird, Lambeosaurus had a complex crest and was once believed the biggest hadrosaur, Saurolophus had a small "horn" and was also found in Asia, Kritosaurus had (allegedly) a bump on its nose and was (allegedly) found also in South America. The namesake Hadrosaurus was the first United States dinosaur recognized as such, in 1858, from a partial skeleton that showed for the first time big dinosaurs were bipedal (see Prehistoric Life - Dinosaurs). Among exclusively Asian hadrosaurs there are the "unicorn" Tsintaosaurus (although more recent reconstructions show its horn as less unicorn-like) and the gigantic Shantungosaurus. Hadrosaurs are often thought to be noisy animals, as their crests were mostly hollow and would have been ideal for bellowing, trumpet-like calls, which would have been useful in warning of predators, coordinating migration, mating calls, and the like, as evidence suggests that most of the hadrosaurs lived in large herds. In 1997, researchers from Sandia National Laboratories and the New Mexico Museum of Natural History (both in New Mexico, USA) collaborated to recreate the crest cavity of a Parasaurolophus using early 3-D printing technology, giving us some idea of what it might have sounded like. The hadrosaurs - particularly Edmontosaurus - were once believed semi-aquatic, with webbed hands like a literal duck, and it was once thought that the distinctive crests were used for snorkeling. Though most of this has since been thrown out, the hadrosaurs probably were at least somewhat comfortable in and around water, as a lot of their habitat - particularly the famous Dinosaur Park Formation in Alberta, where most of their known fossils have been found - was low-lying swampland at the time. Maiasaura is famous among hadrosaurs and dinosaurs in general as "the caring dinosaur" thanks to its fossil nesting sites found in Montana in The '80s, the first undoubtable evidence of parenting behaviour among dinosaurs, striking a resounding blow against the perception of dinosaurs as mindless eating machines.
  7. Iguanodon, one of the first non-avian dinosaurs discovered, similar to a hadrosaurs but without the "duckbill", and known for its thumb-spikes and for its well-preserved remains found in Europe, making it perhaps the most famed European dinosaur. Also known for a famous case of Science Marches On, as earlier reconstructions showed the thumb spike as a rhinoceros-like nose horn, and the famous Crystal Palace dinosaur statues still show that outdated image of the animal. Both hadrosaurs and iguanodons are often believed very social animals. Both were Cretaceous animals, but Iguanodon lived before hadrosaurs and was possibly one of their ancestors. The smaller Camptosaurus and Dryosaurus were earlier, from Jurassic North America, and likely prey for Allosaurus. The long-tailed Early Cretaceous Tenontosaurus, also smaller than Iguanodon, is classically depicted as a fodder for the "raptor" dinosaur Deinonychus due to fossil findings. There's also the more hadrosaur-like Ouranosaurus, which had a sail on its back and a flat bill, and lived in what is now the Sahara Desert but was mostly swampy floodplains at the time. The bulge-nosed Muttaburrasaurus is one of the few known dinosaurs from Australia. Both Ouranosaurus and Muttaburrasaurus lived in Early Cretaceous and were smaller than Iguanodon.
  8. Pachycephalosaurus, smaller two-legged herbivores famous for having extremely thick skulls which they may have used to headbutt each other, kind of like bighorn sheep. Also famous for the tubercles and hornlets around their skulls. Sometimes incorrectly portrayed as carnivorous, though they could have been omnivores. Contrasting with hadrosaurs, Pachycephalosaurians are among the rarest dinosaurs in fossil record, all from the Cretaceous: the "biggest" is the namesake Pachycephalosaurus (not larger than a cow), and the most complete in fossils is the man-sized Stegoceras, both from North America. The spiky-headed "Dracorex hogwartsia" is also notable as one of the few dinosaurs named for a pop culture reference, although the veracity of the genus has been called into question: "Dracorex" and the similiar "Stygimoloch" are both now believed to actually just be juvenile Pachycephalosaurus, as all three are known mostly from skull material.
  9. Small bipedal swift-running Hypsilophodon, Thescelosaurus, Leaellynasaura, Scutellosaurus, Heterodontosaurus, Lesothosaurus, and others could appear in dinosaur media as generic background ambiance or prey animals, though often they don't play a huge role and aren't even named. Such animals lived throughout the whole Dinosaur Age in Real Life. Hypsilophodon, named the "gazelle dinosaur", was once believed an arboreal animal like a green iguana, and lived alongside Iguanodon in Cretaceous Europe; Heterodontosaurus had four tusks like a baboon or a peccary and was from Early Jurassic Africa; Lesothosaurus was contemporary to the latter but with a more generic appearance; Scutellosaurus had a light armor and was possibly prey for Dilophosaurus in North America. Leaellynasaura lived in Australia, and Thescelosaurus was neighbor to Tyrannosaurus and Triceratops at the end of Cretaceous North America.
  10. Psittacosaurus and Leptoceratops were early ceratopsians from cretaceous Asia and North America respectively; the Psittacosaurus is named the "parrot dinosaur" for the shape of its skull and uncinated beak, and was once believed the ancestor of all the other ceratopsians. Since the 2000s, Psittacosaurus has revealed exceptional remains, among them prints of skin with horny quills on its tail.

Non-dinosaur reptiles usually include:

    Non-dinosaur reptiles 
  1. Pterosaurs, usually the 20-foot wide, head-crested Pteranodon, less frequently the gull-sized, fin-tailed Rhamphorhynchus. Popular culture often lumps all prehistoric flying reptiles together as "pterodactyls", which is a term restricted only for members of the suborder Pterodactyloidea, particularly its namesake Pterodactylus. Of course, Pteranodon also belongs to Pterodactyloidea, so calling it a pterodactyl would still be accurate. Pterodactyloideans had all stubby tails, but some had head-crests and/or teeth, and others were devoid of them. Some were huge, others tiny, and lived from Jurassic to the end of the Cretaceous. The other traditional suborder is Rhamphorhynchoidea, named after Rhamphorhynchus itself and including also the earlier, big-headed Dimorphodon. Rhamphorhynchoideans flourished throughout the Jurassic and Triassic, and while they never got as large as the true pterodactyls, they were notable for their often big teeth and long tails. Once, like dinosaurs, pterosaurs were depicted as cold-blooded scaly animals, often with improbable traits like eagle-like claws or bat-like wings. Most scientists once thought they were bad fliers or simple gliders, but even earlier fiction tended to show them as mighty fliers. Quetzalcoatlus, with its 40-foot wingspan, is classically cited as the biggest pterosaur, at least after its finding in the seventies, claiming a title previously held by Pteranodon. Quetzalcoatlus lived at the very end of the Mesozoic and takes its name from the Feathered Serpent god of Aztec Mythology; it is today thought to have actually spent much of its time on the ground, like a huge stork. Other lesser-known pterosaurs include Eudimorphodon, Cearadactylus, Tropeognathus, Pterodaustro, and Dsungaripterus, some of them with specialized mouths and teeth. Sordes is known for having left the first tracks of furry skin among pterosaurs, in the seventies.
  2. Sea-dwelling reptiles, most commonly the long-necked plesiosaurs such as the 40-foot long Elasmosaurus of the Late Cretaceous and the much smaller, Jurassic Plesiosaurus. In fiction, these animals are often implied to have survived to the present day. They somewhat resembled flippered sauropods, but were fish-eaters. Other kinds of classic Mesozoic sea reptiles include the pliosaurs, such as Kronosaurus and Liopleurodon (shorter-necked plesiosaur relatives with long, crocodile-like heads, often thought the sea's superpredators of their time), the mosasaurs like Tylosaurus and Mosasaurus (giant lizard-relatives with fins and tail flukes, with older depictions often being more serpentine, now believed the largest marine predators of the Late Cretaceous seas), and the ichthyosaurs (finned reptiles which resembled dolphins in shape, with sideways-moving tails like fish, usually a dorsal fin, four flippers, and bearing live young rather than laying eggs), specifically the Jurassic Ichthyosaurus. Some flying and sea reptiles are visible in the Crystal Palace Park of London. An oversized, outdated ichthyosaur and a long-necked turtle-shelled plesiosaur fighting in Jules Verne's classic novel Journey to the Center of the Earth inspired other popular marine reptiles representations, and established the "sea reptile battle" trope in media of the day, more broadly demonstrating that one of the main draws of prehistoric life seems to be seeing them fight. Lesser-known aquatic reptiles include Nothosaurus, Mesosaurus, Tanystropheus, Placodus, Champsosaurus, and basal ichthyosaurs like Mixosaurus and the huge Shonisaurus. These ones were mostly Triassic, living at the same time as the first true dinosaurs.
  3. Relatives of modern reptiles, such as giant turtles like Archelon and giant crocodiles like Deinosuchus and Sarcosuchus are often included, although they're rarely talked about as much, since they're seen as simply bigger versions of their modern kin. Lizards and snakes get very little mention, although a few post-Cretaceous animals like the giant constrictor snake Titanoboa and the giant monitor lizard Megalania (the latter of which lived recently enough that it's believed to have hunted early humans!) have started to become somewhat popular. Mesozoic true birds also get little mention (remember that all birds technically are dinosaurs, and thus reptiles, as well), but if they do, the ones you're most likely to see are the flying Ichthyornis and the non-flying Hesperornis, both Real Life Toothy Birds. Archaeopteryx (see above) will sometimes be shown as "the first bird", although more recent science suggests it was simply one of many small, feathery dinosaurs.
  4. Other reptiles or near-reptiles could appear once in a while- the basal tetrapod Hylonomus, the armored Scutosaurus, the gliding Coelurosauravus and Longisquama, the hook-billed Hyperodapedon, the archosaurs Postosuchus and Desmatosuchus, the archosaur relative Euparkeria, the dino-ancestor Lagosuchus, and others. These animals would either be placed alongside dinosaurs, pterosaurs and synapsids to give them competition and show how "superior" the latter three are, or could be placed in a setting which focuses on the Permian and early Triassic period to show the audience a glimpse of the life before the rise of dinosaurs.

Various non-reptiles from prehistory may also be featured, often shown living side-by-side with dinosaurs even if they lived in vastly different time periods.

Other than Mesozoic reptiles, Cenozoic mammals and birds are the likeliest creatures to show up in fiction, expecially the megafauna of the Ice Age:

    Cenozoic mammals and birds 
  1. Woolly mammoths (Mammuthus primigenius) and American mastodons (Mammut americanum), usually called the ancestors of modern elephants, though they were only relatives. It should be noted mammoths were technically elephants, being from the family Elephantidae, while mastodons were not. They were also distinct animals, though fiction usually treats them as more or less synonymous. They are some of the most popular prehistoric mammals in fiction, and often serve as the "face" of the Ice Age. Woolly mammoths are known for their countless exceptionally well-preserved remains, including hair and even still-edible meat. Often shown as bigger and more "primal" than their modern king, although they were actually around the same size. Earlier, less-common relatives of mammoths and american mastodons in media included gomphotheres like Platybelodon, European mastodons (Anancus arvernensis), deinotheres like Deinotherium, or the tapir-like small ancestral Moeritherium, with very diverse shapes of their heads and tusks (many had four tusks, not two like mammoths and true elephants). The deinotheres' two tusks were in the lower jaw instead of the upper one.
  2. Sabertoothed "tigers". Likewise, often portrayed as the ancestors of modern cats, when they were only relatives, and not really tigers, thus more correctly termed "sabertoothed cats" — or even Smilodon if you're feeling particularly scientific. Their exact killing technique is still controversial among experts, as the iconic sabers were actually quite brittle, and would need to be very carefully deployed. Other than Smilodon there were other long-canined felines in prehistory, like Machairodus, and even pseudo-felines note  like Eusmilus and the marsupial Thylacosmilus (see below). Both mammoths and sabertooths (or sabretooths if you're from Commonwealth-speaking countries) have left hundreds of specimens.
  3. Ground sloths, most iconically Megatherium americanum, which looked a little like a bear the size of an elephant or a mammoth, and was one of the biggest land mammals ever. It was even able to rear up on its hind legs to reach tree foliage with its massive claws, and was as tall as a T. rex when erect. Sometimes shown as omnivorous. The smallish ground-sloth Megalonyx was first discovered by President Thomas Jefferson in the late 1700 in the USA, and initially believed to be a lion. A few of the ground sloths also possessed osteoderms - bony, scale-like structures on the skin, which would have made a handy natural armour, which - together with their prodigious claws - would have helped defend against predators.
  4. Macrauchenia (a camel-like running herbivore once believed with a short, tapir-like trunk) and Toxodon (a superficially rhino- or hippo-like animal), though both weren't closely-related to modern ungulates, having no living relatives. Both were odd hoofed herbivores that lived along with the megathere in South America.
  5. Glyptodonts such as Glyptodon and Doedicurus, large herbivorous relatives of armadillos that lived during the Pleistocene epoch. Had heavy shell-like armors on their backs, and some, such as Doedicurus, also had mace-like tails. They lived in the Americas, and are often cited as examples of convergent evolution with some dinosaurs like the stegosaurs and especially the ankylosaurs.
  6. Woolly rhinoceroses, specifically Coelodonta antiquitatis and Elasmotherium sibiricum. The first had two horns and was the size of modern rhinos, the second was one-horned and elephant-sized, and nicknamed the "unicorn rhinoceros". They were basically the ceratopsians of the Ice Age. Coelodonta has left exquisite remains including frozen hairy skin; the Elasmotherium horn is unknown but could have been bigger than a adult human. Also of the same period were the giant non-woolly mammoths like M. columbi, giant straight-tusked elephants like P. namadicus, and dwarf insular elephants like P. falconeri. The latter was smaller than a human, and could have given rise to ancient Greek legends likes the Cyclops. Elasmotherium has been hyped to be at the origin of the Unicorn myth.
  7. Prehistoric true bears, specifically the cave bear (Ursus spelaeus) and the short-faced bear (Arctodus simus), which are often confused with one another in fiction. Native to Ice Age-era Eurasia, cave bears are named after the fact that their remains are usually found in caves, and have led to the use of putting "cave" before the name of a modern kind of animal as a semi-common Ice Age form of Whateversaurus (see the cave lion, below). Cave bears have often been depicted as archenemies of ancient humans in media, usually fighting over the caves themselves.
  8. Dire wolves (Canis dirus), often portrayed as a bigger and stronger version of the living grey wolf (Canis lupus) despite not being that much larger or different in real life. More rare sights are Eurasian cave lions, American lions (both often believed mane-less), and Eurasian cave hyenas. More ancient of all these were the so-called "bear-dogs" and the "pseudo-cats", and the creodonts like Hyaenodon — not true Carnivora, but only relatives. Despite its name, Hyaenodon was not related to hyaenas, although it did have similiar teeth.
  9. Among extinct primates, other than the direct human-ancestors, the Asian Gigantopithecus ("giant ape") is the biggest known ape ever, and is famous because is classically linked with the Bigfoot, Sasquatch and Yeti legends.
  10. Megaloceros giganteus or Irish elk, which despite the name was a large fallow deer. Known for the huge, man-sized antlers of the adult males, and, naturally, common in Ireland. Synthetoceras and Sivatherium were not related with it despite their similar look. The sivathere was an early giraffe with short neck and pseudohorns like a moose, the synthetoceras was a basal artiodactyl with three horns arranged on its head in a Triceratops-like fashion (one long and two-forked on its nose, and two shorter and not-forked at the top of its head).
  11. Other herbivorous mammals that can appear in media are prehistoric horses like Mesohippus and Hipparion, the six-horned and sabertoothed uintatheres, the fork-nose-horned brontotheres, the strange-horned Arsinoitherium, and the huge giraffe-like Paraceratherium or "Indricotherium" (or "Baluchitherium"), all living before the Ice Ages. More basal and generic-looking were early ungulates like Eohippus and Phenacodus. Paraceratherium rivalled against the biggest mammoths and extinct elephants as "the biggest land mammal of all times", being three times heavier than a Tyrannosaurus or an African Elephant — the bulk of a medium sauropod dinosaur.
  12. Basilosaurus cetoides and Lyviatan melvillei, two predatory cetaceans, also lived before the Ice Ages: the first is often cited as an example of misnamed animal because of its "saurus" suffix (meaning "reptile" or "lizard", which is what the fossils were originally mistaken for) and is sometimes known by the alternate name "Zeuglodon"; the second owes its name to the biblical Leviathan and to Herman Melville, who is best remembered for a very famous novel about a very violent whale.
  13. Diprotodon and Procoptodon were two giant herbivorous marsupials of pleistocenic Australia (the first looked like a wombat the size of a rhinoceros, the second was a giant kangaroo), possible prey of the meat-eating "marsupial lion" Thylacoleo carnifex, which had fanglike incisors— while the marsupial pseudo-sabertooth Thylacosmilus atrox was South American and lived earlier.
  14. Small extinct mammals rarely show up as anything more than an afterthought, even though some, like Didelphodon, have recently become rather popular. Generally, we want our palaeofauna to be big and spectacular and "monstrous", rather than small and cute.
  15. Terror birds (phorusrhacids such as Phorusrhacos), who — being birds — are true dinosaurs, but are generally grouped with Cenozoic mammals due to living at the same time. They are usually treated as essentially the raptors of the Age of Mammals. Argentavis was a giant vulture of Cenozoic South America, with a 20 foot wingspan, like many giant pterosaurs, and weighing as much as an adult human. It is considered one of the largest birds ever, and hands-down (talons down?) the largest flying bird ever.
  16. Gastornis (formerly known as "Diatryma") is sometimes lumped in with phorusrhacids due to its similar outward appearance, despite having belonged to a very separate group of birds, having lived tens of millions of years before them, and — according to recent research — having actually been a herbivore. Gastornis / Diatryma was classically shown as the great predator of early Cenozoic, eating mammals like the fox-sized ur-horse Eohippus.
  17. Raphus cucullatus (AKA the Dodo), a flightless relative of pigeons that was endemic to the island of Mauritius (east of Madagascar). It's among the most famous, popular and iconic extinct animals alongside the dinosaurs and Ice Age megafauna. Other known historically-extinct animals are the Eurasian Aurochs (Bos primigenius, the wild ancestor of cattle); the South African Quagga (Equus quagga), a zebra relative with incomplete stripes; the European Tarpan Horse (Equus ferus, one of the ancestors of domestic horses); the northern oceanic Great Auk (Pinguinus impennis, the bird originally called "penguin" because of its external look very similar to a modernly-intended penguin); the Madagascan Aepyornis, or Elephant Bird (which laid the biggest known eggs of a land animal ever, and is believed to have been the biggest bird of all time, although its closest living relative is the tiny kiwi); the Giant Moa or Dinornis (another flightless bird with almost absent wings, living in New Zealand, perhaps the tallest bird ever, but surprisingly not quite as closely related to the kiwi as the elephant bird was); the Steller's Sea Cow (Hydrodamalis gigas, a giant relative of the manatee of the northern Pacific, the size of an adult elephant or a big orca); the Passenger Pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius, perhaps the least exotic-looking, similar to a house pigeon in size and shape). Unlike truly prehistoric animals, all them went extinct in historical times- during the 17th century in the case of the dodo. Instead of natural disasters or cataclysmic events, their demise was caused by us humans. Due to this, they are often used as a symbol of humankind's own ability to drive entire species to extinction, especially the dodo (think "as dead as a dodo"). The aurochs is frequently cited in ancient/medieval European literature as a big wild game and as a symbol of power.
  18. The Thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus), AKA the "Tasmanian wolf", a superficially dog-like marsupial that is generally agreed to have gone extinct in the 1930s, although there have been a few reported sightings of them more recently, making surviving thylacines essentially a kind of cryptid. Because the aboriginal people of Tasmania and mainland Australia were able to coexist with these animals for millennia, while British settlers wiped them out within a few generations, the thylacine has become a symbol of the irreparable harm that colonialism can do, the fragility of an isolated ecosystem, and the need for active conservation programs.

Finally, numerous prehistoric creatures of various lineages have gained enough notoriety to appear in stories fairly regularly:

    Other prehistoric organisms 
  1. Trilobites, which were ancient sea-dwelling arthropods that lived long before the dinosaurs, in the Paleozoic Era. Often mistaken for insects or crustaceans in pop-culture, but they were actually more primitive than both groups. The modern arthropod that more closely resembles a trilobite is the juvenile limulus (the misnamed "horseshoe crab"). Trilobites were harmless animals, but well-protected against enemies: some could roll in a ball like woodlice. Had complex eyes like insects, and dominated the paleozoic marine fauna for long.
  2. Ammonites, which were marine cephalopods with spiral shells that lived mostly during the time of the dinosaurs, in the Mesozoic Era. We don't know if they sprayed ink, but were predators of small items and swimmed by floating like miniature submarines. The modern cephalopods are not strictly related with them, despite the nautilus is similar in shape to an ammonite, with an equally concamerated shell for buoyancy. Belemnites (similar to squid) and nautiloids (more similar to ammonites) are less-frequent extinct cephalopods in media: the former lived at dinosaur times, the latter have survived to our days in the shape of the nautilus.
  3. Megalodon (C. megalodon), a giant shark similar in look to the Great White, that lived well after the dinosaurs, in the Cenozoic Era. Its size is often exaggerated in media, and is often wrongly implicated to be still-living somewhere in our oceans. Another giant superpredatory fish - the placoderm Dunkleosteus - is more rare in media, but it's noted for its heavy armor and scissor-like "teeth" and lived before the dinosaurs, in the Devonian Period. In the same period lived Eusthenopteron, one of the ancestors of land vertebrates, tiny armored fish named ostracoderms, and many other fishes, to the point that the Devonian is often called the Fish Age.
  4. Dimetrodon, a sail-backed, lizard-like carnivorous proto-mammal that lived before the dinosaurs but later than the fish age, in the Permian Period — not far before the greatest mass-extinction of all times, the one that divides Paleozoic from Mesozoic. Like pterosaurs and sea-reptiles, it's often wrongly qualified as a true dinosaur or a true reptile in popular media because of its shape, and often wrongly depicted scaly like an iguana because of this - it was actually naked like a frog. The similar but herbivorous Edaphosaurus, the wolf-like Cynognathus and gorgonopsians, the bulky vegetarian Moschops, and the two-toothed plant-eaters Lystrosaurus and Dicynodon are less-common sights. Some of them lived in the Triassic, and can be shown as competitors of the early dinosaurs and archosaurs. Cynognathus and Thrinaxodon, both early triassic, were very close to mammals, and often cited as their ancestors: unlike Dimetrodon, they are usually shown hairy like a mammal in depictions. Lisowicia, described in 2019, is today the biggest known proto-mammal, a vegetarian as big as an elephant.
  5. Prehistoric amphibians (not the ancestors of the modern ones, but those belonging to extinct groups) like Ichthyostega, Diplocaulus, Eryops or Seymouria can sometimes be thrown in for good measure, however there's a huge chance they will be inaccurately depicted as living alongside dinosaurs, when in reality most of the extinct lineages of amphibians died out long before the first dinosaurs appeared. One of them, Mastodonsaurus, was once believed the biggest amphibian ever, and is portrayed in the Crystal Palace Park. Ichthyostega was long believed the first vertebrate with legs, Diplocaulus had a strange boomerang head, Eryops was a bit like a gator in shape, and Seymouria was one of the reptile-ancestors.
  6. Meganeura, a hawk-sized dragonfly-like insect that lived before the dinosaurs - more precisely, in the Carboniferous Period - together with another "eura", the man-sized millipede-relative Arthropleura. More rare are the so-called "sea-scorpions" like Pterygotus (from the Paleozoic, loosely related with modern scorpions but more similar to swimming lobsters than to land scorpions in look), or the extremely early arthropod-relative Anomalocaris, also similar to a swimming lobster at a first glance and known for have been the first top-predator of the seas.
  7. Prehistoric plants usually act as simple background elements in stories, and are usually unnamed. They tend to look more often like palms, ferns, or cycads (like in the picture above, which shows also the classic erupting volcano), more seldomly to normal-looking trees like the magnolia, ginkgo trees, or conifers like redwood, monkey-puzzles, pines/spruces, jews etc. Giant lycopods and horsetails, despite their cool look, are seen usually only in documentaries, despite the lycopods being the most striking and exotic plant elements of the "Coal Age" (the Carboniferous, before the Mesozoic). Expect also to see grasslands at dinosaur times, even though grass started to grow into true prairies only in the most recent half of the Mammal Age, 15 mya.
  8. Extinct unicellular organisms are virtually unknown in fiction: the ones seen in Disney's Fantasia are modern water organisms, both one- and multi-celled, and not prehistoric at all. In documentary media, however, you have chances to see the Foraminifers (eukaryotic and shelled) mainly because are linked with the dinosaur extinction argument, and the Stromatolites (rocky marine structures made by photosyntetic bacteria), because are the most ancient known living beings to science, hailing from 3 billions years ago. Both groups of organisms are still-living today.

If you are looking for some Real Life info about these critters and others, go to the following indexes:


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    Anime and Manga 
  • The abysmal DinoZAURS, a cheap and obvious Power Rangers cash-in, with fossil versions of each of the Rangers' power animals changing into robot warriors who defended Earth. It's remembered (if at all) for its memorably terrible CGI. And also for the fact that, when the Mammoth skeleton transformed into a robot, the skull of the mammoth (complete with tusks and trunk) became the pelvic area of the robot. Try to visualize it...
  • Dinosaur King uses some stock dinosaurs, but they have no problem dipping into more obscure territory as well.
  • Averted in Jabberwocky. Most of the Funny Animal characters are more obscure dinosaurs. Fantastic Racism comes up not only against the human characters, but among the various species (one main character is an oviraptor, whose people faced persecution due to scientific theories that were popular before Science Marches On).
  • Gantz has a story arc with aliens hiding in a museum disguised as dinosaur replicas. The dinos include T. rex, Triceratops, Jurassic Park sized but feathered raptors and "Brontosaur" type herbivores. The T. rex shoots fireballs from its mouth and the Triceratops can walk upright but since they are all actually aliens its justified.
  • The 2006 version of Doraemon: Nobita's Dinosaur 2006 featured Tyrannosaurus rex, Triceratops, Spinosaurus, Pachycephalosaurus, Elasmosaurus, Ornithomimus (who have feathers including wings), Parasaurolophus, Stegosaurus, Iguanodon, Quetzalcoatlus, and Maiasaura. They also averted this with Japanese plesiosaur Futubasaurus as the main Mesozoic animal of focus, as well as a herd of Alamosaurus, a flock of Baptornis, and the small mammal Alphadon (which freaks out Doraemon due to its mouse-like appearance).
  • My Girlfriend is a T-Rex features dinosaur versions of kemonomimi and predictably, the major players are Stock Dinosaurs—Churio is the titular Tyrannosaurus rex, Trica is a (feathered) Velociraptor, Kram is an Ankylosaurus and Nowol is the ptoken Pteranodon.
  • Kemono Friends includes Friends who are prehistoric Cenozoic animals, some of which are stock like the woolly mammoth and others are non-stock like Sivatherium. There is also a Friend called "Sabre Tiger" who is identified as a generic machairodont i.e. saber-toothed cat (some sources call her a Smilodon, though since she has a long tail, she is more likely a Machairodus).
  • In Seton Academy: Join the Pack!, the teachers at the school are Mesozoic reptiles, most of which are Stock Dinosaurs: Tyrannosaurus rex, Triceratops, Pteranodon, Iguanodon, Stegosaurus, Ankylosaurus, Parasaurolophus, Spinosaurus, and Deinonychus. However, the token sauropod is the non-stock (and Brachiosaurus-like) Alamosaurus and the token pachycephalosaur is Stygimolochnote .

    Comic Books 
  • In Runaways, Gert has a pet Deinonychus named Old Lace. Actually, it's first referred to as a Velociraptor, than a Deinonychus. The animal it's actually based on are the "Velociraptors" from Jurassic Park, which actually means given its size that Old Lace is actually a Utahraptor. Old Lace is completely featherless - however, she's genetically engineered and actually from the future, so that could explain many of the inconsistencies.
  • Super Dinosaur has all the usual suspects, but they are mostly anthropomorphic.
  • Marvel Comics Lost World The Savage Land is populated with nothing but stock dinosaurs.
  • Age of Reptiles by Ricardo Delgado is a story only about dinosaurs. No dialogue at all. Deinonychus, Tyrannosaurus, Allosaurus, and Ceratosaurus among them. It tends to avert this trope and features lesser-known animals.
  • The Far Side uses T. rex, Stegosaurus note , Triceratops, Brontosaurusnote , non-specific "anatosaurs", pterodactyls, mammoths, and saber-toothed cats fairly regularly. Usually with cavemen to boot.
  • XTNCT: The heroes include a Tyrannosaurus Rex, a Raptor, and a Triceratops. The Pterosaur is a partial human hybrid though.

  • The first Documentary on dinosaurs was a short newsreel Monsters of the Past: The Story of the Great Dinosaur (1923). This documentary featured Brontosaurus, Tyrannosaurus Rex and Triceratops — which fight.
  • Most other documentaries of the time (1920-1940) used stock footage from The Lost World (1925) and Ghost of Slumber Mountain (see below). Many other documentaries use stock footage from other documentaries, so as to save money, so only original footage or notable documentaries will be mentioned.
  • Irwin Allen epic documentary The Animal World (1956) had this in spades, and the FX were handled by Ray Harryhausen AND Willis O'Brian. Included Ceratosaurus, Stegosaurus, Tyrannosaurus, Brontosaurus and Triceratops.
  • Message From a Dinosaur (1957) features museum mounts and excavations of dinosaurs.
  • Walt Disney Presents episode "Mars and Beyond" features a segment about "Possible Martian Life" and compares it to how life evolved on Earth. Prehistoric life that is identifiable includes many stock animals — Dimetrodon is one of the synapsids. Dinosaurs include Plateosaurus, Stegosaurus, Allosaurus, Brontosaurus, Ankylosaurus, Triceratops, Tyrannosaurus and Archaeopteryx. Other reptiles include Rhamphorhynchus and Pteranodon. Mammals Smilodon, glyptodonts, ground sloths and mammoths, before jumping to modern animals. These animals were presented as static images moving along a static background.
  • Commissioned by the Department of the Interior, an educational film eventually entitled This is Dinosaur (1958) featured Allosaurus, Stegosaurus and Brontosaurus... static sculptures. The film is about as active as the sculptures themselves.
  • Dinosaurs: The Terrible Lizards (1970) used stop motion to bring dinosaurs to the class room. These animals included: Coelophysis, Brontosaurus, Stegosaurus, Tyrannosaurus, Triceratops, Pteranodon, Ankylosaurus, Glyptodon, Megatherium, Smilodon, Woolly Mammoth, Neanderthals. This footage occasionally found its way into National Geographic specials.
  • Nova ran several documentaries on Dinosaurs including:
    • "The Hot Blooded Dinosaurs" (1977) has mentioned and displayed Brontosaurus, Stegosaurus, Dimetrodon, Deinonychus and Archaeopteryx.
    • "The Asteroid and the Dinosaur" has a small, simply-animated sequence with Diplodocus and Tyrannosaurus.
    • "The Hunt for Chinese Dinosaurs" (1991) shows several dinosaurs from China and from Canada. The first includes Protoceratops. North American setting focuses mainly on Troodon (and the Dinosauroid theory) and Tyrannosaurus rex. We can see animated Troodon as well. Stop-motion animation and hand drawn animation are well implemented. It's also to note the Lampshade Hanging about the Dinosaurs Are Dragons thing during the entire program. Originally it was it's own separate 90 minute documentary, but was shortened for NOVA, cutting some ancillary bits of varied animation including sand animation and some stop motion sequences.
    • "Case of the Flying Dinosaur" focuses on the connection between Dinosaurs and Birds (still debated heavily at the time). Archaeopteryx, Pterosaurs, and Deinonychus prominently featured.
    • "T. Rex, Exposed" — guess who this is about?
    • "The Real Jurassic Park" (1993) was made to dual-promote science and the movie. See that film for the stock in use.
    • "Dinosaurs of the Gobi" (1994) focuses more on prehistoric small mammals from the late cretaceous of the Gobi. Protoceratops and Velociraptor are about the only ones mentioned.
    • "The Curse of T. Rex" (1997), about a legal battle over a Tyrannosaurus skeleton.
  • Dinosaur! hosted by Christopher Reeves is one of the best known dinosaur documentaries of the 80s (as it was shown on CBS as a big event). Spectacular animation by Phil Tippet (who did on RoboCop's and Star Wars 's stop motion sequences among many others) really steal the show. The animation primarily focuses on a family of Hadrosaurs/Anatosaurus as they try to raise offspring. Aside from them, there are Tyrannosaurus rex, Apatosaurus and a pair of Deinonychus. Most of the footage comes from Tippet's earlier short film Prehistoric Beasts. It won an Emmy for Special Effects. And now Phil Tippet has put the original short up on his Youtube Acount: Go watch it!
  • Lost Worlds, Vanished Lives (1989), hosted by David Attenborough averts it until it actually discusses dinosaurs. Focusing on a plethora of extinct forms from every age of life. Many of the animals tend to go unnamed or compared to modern relatives. Pterosaurs get almost half an episode and feature fossils of many rarely used species but mention Quetzalcoatlus and Pteranodon. Dinosaurs mentioned and featured include Brachiosaurus (technically Giraffatitan, as it's an African specimen), Seismosaurus (now Diplodocus), Archeopteryx, Stegosaurus, Allosaurus, Protoceratops, Tyrannosaurus, Diplodocus, various hadrosaurs (Maiasaura among them) and Triceratops. Plants are actually named in a general sense: tree ferns, cycads, horsetails, Cyprus and conifers. Transitional fossils and unnamed, unknown invertebrate fossils are given the bulk of screen time.
  • Walter Cronkite hosted A&E's 4 part Dinosaur! documentary. Mostly stock dinosaurs. There are animated puppets of Megalosaurus, Iguanodon, Brachiosaurus, Coelophysis, Tyrannosaurus, Allosaurus, Diplodocus, Maiasaura, and Centrosaurus (some scenes with carnivores are rather Nightmare Fuel-ish). The program also shows "Brontosaurus", Stegosaurus, Carnotaurus (not stock at the time), Parasaurolophus, Deinonychus, Archaeopteryx, Compsognathus, and all the three "record-size" sauropods of the time (Supersaurus, "Ultrasaurus", and "Seismosaurus"). The mass extinction shown as most instantaneously possible. It also contains a memorable Harryhausen Lampshade Hanging about the correct use of dinosaurs in movies.
  • PBS's epic documentary series The Dinosaur! (1992) covered many non-stock and stock dinosaurs. Notable for its animated sequences, animals on display there include: Iguanodon, Edmontosaurus, Tyrannosaurus, Stegosaurus, Ceratosaurus, Triceratops, Troodon, Pteranodon, Rhamphorhynchus, Ichthyosaurus, Mosasaurus, and Diplodocus. One of the all time best documentaries.
  • "Il Pianeta dei Dinosauri" (Planet of Dinosaurs) was an Italian documentary from 1993, the same year in which Jurassic Park was broadcast in this country. It was extremely well-informed and popular, to the point to be translated in English and French and broadcast in USA, Britain, and other countries worldwide. note  Even though inaccuracies are present (a bit of Anachronism Stew), they are balanced out by the host pointing out the uncertainty of scientific statements. Prehistoric Monster is almost averted as well. It’s hosted by the most popular Italian science writer (Piero Angela), and has Dale Russell as the main paleontological consultant. Curiously, Angela appears split in two "twin hosts" which talk each other: one remains in the studio (shaped like a hi-tech prehistoric cave), while the other time travels in a "mesozoic world" and interacts with living dinosaurs (animatronic puppets: CGI was still an unknown thing in docus). Like in WWD, landscapes are filmed from Real Life. Particularly remembered is the dramatic asteroid scene in the last episode. There's also the synth-played score. Most of the robotic dinosaurs are classic stock, with only two being rare-stock, and almost every pre-Jurassic Park stock dinosaur is shown in the mesozoic travel. Many of them could appear inaccurate to modern eyes, but these mistakes are mainly due to Science Marches On.
    • Large theropods are represented mainly by Tyrannosaurus rex (the undisputed dino-star of the show), with Allosaurus making only a brief apparition. Both roar continuously, but only the allosaur tries to eat the human.
    • The chosen dromaeosaurids were Deinonychus and Dromaeosaurus (Velociraptor became stock just that year). Both are featherless, and the latter are portrayed as pack-hunters that attack a much larger animal, rip its flesh with their sickle claws and begin to eat it alive. Deinonychus is also wrongly portrayed living in the Late Cretaceous, and its puppet gets re-used for Dromaeosaurus.
    • Other small theropods include Coelophysis (the show opener), a featherless and egg-stealing (but also crestless) Oviraptor, and a brief apparition of also-featherless Struthiomimus.
    • The sauropods are almost always Brontosaurus (actually more similar to Diplodocus). In the first episode, one brontosaur almost hits the human with its tail. Brachiosaurus is only briefly shown. The robotic Brontosaurus later gets reused for Mamenchisaurus. The prosauropod Plateosaurus is portrayed too - mostly quadrupedal, and to show the rise to power of dinosaurs.
    • A sleeping Stegosaurus, inaccurately postured, is accidentally woken by the human in the first episode and reacts. Ankylosaurus shows up only in the last episode (about dinosaur extinction), and is unusually accurate (except for the tail club which is two-lobed like Euoplocephalus).
    • Triceratops is the chosen ceratopsid. It doesn’t battle with T. rex, but in the 2nd episode one young is eaten alive by the theropod in a heartbreaking scene. In the same episode, one adult female chases the human away from her nest. Protoceratops appears only in the form of eggs eaten by Oviraptor. Two oversized (8 m long) Pachycephalosaurus headbutt each other.
    • Hadrosaurs show up in all four episodes, in the usual role of prey for T. rex and "raptors" (and also for the giant croc Deinosuchus, who fails the attack). No fewer than four kinds appear: Parasaurolophus, Corythosaurus, Edmontosaurus and “Anatosaurus” (the latest two were still considered distinct at the time). Strangely, the documentary forgets to mention just the most iconic European dinosaur, Iguanodon.
    • The third episode is specially dedicated to pterosaurs and sea reptiles. The chosen pterosaurs are Rhamphorhynchus, Pterodactylus, Pteranodon, and Quetzalcoatlus. Sea reptiles are Ichthyosaurus, Elasmosaurus (with flexible neck), and Kronosaurus, who collides with the human’s submarine in one scene. (Liopleurodon became stock only after WWD). The most remembered scene, however, is the human hang gliding near a gigantic Quetzalcoatlus and getting attacked by the latter.
    • Fossil pieces shown in the studio include a Triceratops skull, but also the Deinocheirus arms, a Therizinosaurus claw, and an "Ultrasaurus" limb. Many other animals are mentioned: among them, Protoceratops (included the famous skeleton clutched with Velociraptor) Styracosaurus, pterosaurs, Archaeopteryx, Ichthyornis, Hesperornis, mosasaurs, plesiosaurs, armored fish, trilobites, Dimetrodon, therapsids and some small Mesozoic mammals.
  • Paleoworld (1994-1997) ran for 50 episodes and thus got to focus on many non-stock dinosaurs. It covered things from obscure island giant rat species to T. rex. It used some old animatronics and painting close ups to show its various prehistoric animals.
    • The show was repackaged from 1998 to 1999 as Bonehead Detectives of the Paleoworld for a younger market.
  • Planet of Life (1995) averted this trope. The only stock dinosaurs that appear are Edmontosaurus and Triceratops—and they're both ancillary to the episode they appear in. Instead, we get a focus on the development of plants through time. An episode is devoted to bacterial evolution into the cell, another on the Cambrian Explosion (featuring Pikaia, Anomalocaris, Opabinia, Hallucigenia and many others, but the mentioned ones are the iconic animals of the age), another on the development of fish to amphibians (featuring some of the usual suspects but also Pteraspis and Cheirolepis), the evolution of Birds (featuring Confuciusornis as well as Archeopteryx), the evolution of flowering plants and the final one focused on human evolution.
  • The Ultiamte Guide: T-Rex (1995) manages to go into very decent detail about the life, environment and evidence regarding Tyrannosaurus Rex. It was the series' only entry on dinosaurs.
  • The Prehistory of Australia is a rare documenatary focusing on Dinosaurs and Australian fauna of the cenozoic. Suffers form some Science Marches On. Includes Allosaurus in the first portion. Thylacine in the second. Then Humans appear...
  • Walking with Dinosaurs and its follow-up series feature every stock dinosaur listed above and just as many (or more) animals that were not heavily featured before. Inspired many to follow in its example.
    • The original WWD featured Stegosaurus, ammonites, Utahraptor, Pteranodon, unnamed pterosaurs and Tyrannosaurus among the great stock, Diplodocus, Allosaurus, Brachiosaurus, Rhamphorhynchus, Iguanodon, unnamed allosaurs, Anatotitan and Ankylosaurus among the semi-stock, and Coelophysis, cynodonts, Plateosaurus, Liopleurodon and Quetzalcoatlus among the rare stock.
    • Walking with Beasts featured Smilodon, woolly mammoths and neanderthals among the great stock, Gastornis, Paraceratherium, Phorusrhacos, Megatherium, Megaloceros and woolly rhinos among the semi-stock, and Andrewsarchus and Australopithecus among the rare stock.
    • Walking with Monsters featured trilobites among the great stock, Meganeura and Dimetrodon among the semi-stock, and sea scorpions, Arthropleura and Edaphosaurus among the rare stock.
    • The Ballad of Big Al had Apatosaurus and Stegosaurus among great stock, and Allosaurus, Brachiosaurus and Diplodocus among semi-stock.
    • Chased By Dinosaurs had Pteranodon and Velociraptor among the great stock, and Argentinosaurus, Sarcosuchus, Giganotosaurus and Protoceratops among the rare stock.
    • Sea Monsters had trilobites, pterosaurs, coelurosaurs, Megalodon, Tyrannosaurus and Pteranodon among the great stock, hadrosaurs, Ankylosaurus, Anatotitan and Elasmosaurus among the semi-stock, and sea scorpions, Dunkleosteus, Liopleurodon, mosasaurs, Archelon and giant mosasaurs among the rare stock.
    • Walking With Cavemen had neanderthals and mammoths among the great stock, Gigantopithecus and Megaloceros among the semi-stock, and Australopithecus among the rare stock.
  • When Dinosaurs Roamed America (2001) focuses on American Dinosaurs (as if they needed more representation). Some non-stock Triassic Reptiles and dinosaurs do make it in early on, however. Among the stock dinosaurs, there are Coelophysis, Dilophosaurus, Ceratosaurus, Allosaurus, Apatosaurus, Stegosaurus, pterosaurs, dromaeosaurs, coelurosaurs, T. rex, Triceratops, Anatotitan, Quetzalcoatlus and Ornithomimus.
  • Before We Ruled the World (2003) focuses on recent extinctions only. It has Irish elk, neanderthals, cave bears and woolly mammoths.
  • Dinosaur Planet (2003) mostly averts this, as the majority of dinosaurs highlighted were lesser-known species like Daspletosaurus, Pyroraptor, Tarascosaurus (mainland and dwarf insular forms), Magyarosaurus, Orodromeus, Aucasaurus and Saltasaurus. Stock ones featured include Velociraptor (which gets a focus episode), Oviraptor, Protoceratops, Iguanodon, Ichthyornis, Maiasaura (receives episode focus), Quetzalcoatlus, Edmontosaurus, titanosaurs, dromaeosaurs, troodontids, plesiosaurs, Giganotosaurus and Tyrannosaurus.
  • Monsters We Met (2004) focuses on recently extinct animals and thus averts this for at least half the creatures involved. Stock ones featured include woolly mammoths, Smilodon, American mastodons, moas, Haast's eagle (actually a modern-day harpy eagle) and Australopithecus.
  • The Truth About Killer Dinosaurs (2005) focuses on two "killer dinosaurs" (Tyrannosaurus and Velociraptor) and their prey (Protoceratops and the ankylosaur Pinacosaurus).
  • Prehistoric Monsters Revealed "reveals" both stock and non-stock dinosaurs, including Dunkleosteus, Mosasaurus, Meganeura, Arthropleura, Velociraptor, Quetzalcoatlus, Pteranodon, Giganotosaurus, Argentinosaurus, Spinosaurus, Phorusrhacos and Doedicurus. The CGI is subpar for the time period.
  • Jurassic Fight Club (2008) featured: Tyrannosaurus, Deinonychus, Allosaurus, Ceratosaurus, Stegosaurus, Megalodon, Utahraptor, Edmontosaurus, and Pterosaurs.
  • Animal Armageddon (2009) focused on several mass extinctions across the world. Animals on display include many non-stock animals, as the first focus on times before dinosaurs had evolved. As such, the number of non-stock animals outnumbers the stock in many of the episodes. Stock animals featured include trilobites, eurypterids, Dunkleosteus, Eusthenopteron & Ichthyostega, hadrosaurs, ammonites, mosasaurs, titanosaurs, Protoceratops, Quetzalcoatlus, Triceratops, Troodon, Tyrannosaurus, Velociraptor, and woolly mammoths.
  • Clash of the Dinosaurs (2009) has maybe 5 minutes of animation that it re-uses again and again. Inaccurate information compounds its badness. Dinosaurs include Tyrannosaurs, Quetzalcoatlus, Triceratops, Ankylosaurus, Parasaurolophus, and Deinonychus.
  • Monsters Resurrected did whole segments on prehistoric animals in detail each episode. Largely averting stock animals: Titanis (a Phorusrhacid), Acrocanthosaurus, Amphicyon the Bear-Dog, Tylosaurus (a Mosasaur) and Megalania. Each animal was presented with animals it lived with and hunted, as well as discussing their extinctions. The Titanis episode featured Smilodon, an ancestral wolf (Canis edwardi), Hippidion (a North American horse) and a ground sloth. Spinosaurus has its ego further inflated as "Biggest Carnivore ever" taken to an insane degree and features Sarcosuchus, Carcharodontosaurus, the sauropod Paralititan, and the small theropod Rugops. Acrocanthosaurus features Paluxysaurus (a sauropod), Tenontosaurus (a large ornithopod), Deinonychus and the ankylosaur Sauropelta. Amphicyon features Daeodon (a largely carnivorous swine dubbed the "Terminator Pig"), Moropus (a Chalicothere), Merychippus (a primitive horse), Ramoceros (a pronghorn), and Epicyon (a more true canid). Tylosaurus featured Cretoxyrhina, Dolichorhynchops (a short-necked, long billed Plesiosaur), Elasmosaurus, Xiphactinus and Dallasaurus (see below). Finally, Megalania featured Procoptodon (the largest kangaroo ever), Diprotodon (the largest marsupial ever—a giant wombat), Thylacoleo (the "Marsupial Lion") and humans.
    • While Spinosaurus is far from averting Stock Animals, the narration keeps insisting that it does.
  • Prehistoric (Insert City Here) (2010) averts it in a few minor cases of it by taking major metropolitan areas and exploring the fossils found in and around them.Some of the dinosaur footage is taken from Dinosaur Planet and When Dinosaurs Roamed America, but new footage was made for this series. New York has mastodons, short-faced bears (Arctodus), the giant beaver Castoroides, Archelon, ammonites, Coelophysis, Dilophosaurus, Postosuchus and eurypterids among others. Dallas, Texas features mammoths, "scimitar cats" (ancestors of Smilodon), mosasaurs, Cretoxyrhina, the sauropod Paluxysaurus and Dallasaurus (a basal mosasaur). Washington D.C. features Carcharocles megalodon, Amphicyon (a "bear dog"), ancient peccaries, Astrodon, Pteranodon and Utahraptor. Finally, Los Angeles features Elasmosaurus, Ice Age bison, straight-shelled ammonites, giant ground sloths, Smilodon, Parasaurolophus and another hadrosaur and a tyrannosaur.
  • Tyrannosaurus Sex (2010) focuses on the titular dinosaur, as well as Titanosaurus and Stegosaurus. Or, rather, their private parts.
  • Prehistoric Assassins (2011) features Deinonychus and Tenontosaurus, Smilodon and Bison antiquus, Megalania and Diprotodon, Hyaenodon and Poebrotherium, Majungasaurus and Rapetosaurus, Daspletosaurus and Corythosaurus in its first episode and Elasmosaurus, Liopleurodon, Megalograptus, Cameroceras, Xiphactinus, Gillicus and Dunkleosteus in its second.
  • March of the Dinosaurs has Scar, an Edmontosaurus, and Patch, a Troodon, as the main characters. Quetzalcoatlus (severely incorrect), Albertosaurus, Gorgosaurus (incorrectly living north of the Arctic Circle), Pachyrhinosaurus, Edmontonia (misnamed "Ankylosaurus" despite visibly lacking the tail club) and the mosasaur Prognathodon (incorrectly living in freshwater) show up as well.
  • Dinosaur Revolution is more of a tribute to Dinosaurs in the model of Ricardo Delgado's Age of Reptiles. So it's not really a documentary aside from the talking heads, but stories about dinosaurs. Still fun, but Executive Meddling forced it into a mold it was not ready to fill (it was planned as 6 episodes, but was cut to 4 — and the talking heads were for an after action followup). Because of this, some creatures are modeled after other species due to the changes. It features a healthy mix of stock and non-stock dinosaurs.
  • Planet Dinosaur is a BBC Documentary that features largely non-stock dinosaurs from places rarely covered until the last 5 years or so: China, South America, Africa and so on.
  • David Attenborough's Flying Monsters 3D is probably the first independent documentary to be exclusively about pterosaurs, and as such features several stock ones. Among them are Dimorphodon, Quetzalcoatlus, Pterodactylus and of course Pteranodon (who, amusingly enough, only appears for a total of twenty seconds). A couple of non-stock pterosaurs, Darwinopterus (erroneously depicted as an aerial predator) and Tupandactylus (labeled as "Tapejara", which has since been declared a separate species) also make appearances. Only a handful of true dinosaurs are featured, only two of which are stock. This includes plot relevant appearances from Archaeopteryx and Microraptor and cameos from a generic "early" dinosaur and Anchiornis (complete with correct coloration).
    • Later repeated in Attenborough's next documentary about flight, Conquest of the Skies, which features better CGI models of Dimorphodon, Quetzalcoatlus and Microraptor, as well as reused footage of Tupandactylus and Pteranodon.

     Eastern European Animation 

     Fan Works 
  • The Geeky Zoologist's reimagining of Jurassic World features the following stock species:
    • Dinosaurs: Apatosaurus, Ankylosaurus, Avimimus, Baryonyx, Compsognathus, Corythosaurus, Dryosaurus, Gallimimus, Hypsilophodon, Mamenchisaurus, Neoraptor (once erroneously considered as Velociraptor in-universe), Ornitholestes, Pachycephalosaurus, Pachyrhinosaurus, Parasaurolophus, Stegosaurus, Styracosaurus, Therizinosaurus, Triceratops, Tyrannosaurus.
    • Pterosaurs: Dimorphodon, Quetzalcoatlus, Rhamphorhynchus.
    • Marine Reptiles: Mosasaurus.

    Films — Animation 
  • The "Rite of Spring" sequence in Fantasia may be one of the Trope Makers here. It shows off a random cross-section of prehistoric life in the space of a few minutes. It includes many ancient forms of life not normally committed to film (Trilobites, ancient fish, etc), but lots of stock animals too. Prehistoric animals include:
    1. Dinosaurs: Plateosaurus, Brontosaurus, Diplodocus, Tyrannosaurus rex, Ceratosaurus, Troodon, Struthiomimus, Hypsilophodon, Archaeopteryx, Stegosaurus, Triceratops, Brachiosaurus, Psittacosaurus, Protoceratops, Anchisaurus, Ankylosaurus, Chasmosaurus, Parasaurolophus, Anatosaurus, Corythosaurus, Kritosaurus are among the dinosaurs (as none is named, some are hard to identify correctly even for the dino-fandom).
    2. Non-dinosaurs: Trilobites, Ammonites, Belemnites, Acanthodes, Eusthenopteron, Nothosaurus, Dimetrodon, Kannemeyeria, Placochelys, Tylosaurus, Elasmosaurus, Pteranodon (toothless), Hallopus, and Dimorphodon. There are also a lot of modern-day creatures, many of them are water invertebrates used to represent Life's first evolutionary steps.
    • 25 years later, the Disney Imagineers created a Primeval World diorama for the 1964-1965 New York World's Fair, with many of the individual scenes apparently inspired by Fantasia. This diorama, which is currently installed at Disneyland in California, is a slight improvement on the film — the first scene shows dimetrodons in a Coal Age forest of giant horsetails (and Meganeura giant dragonflies, thereby combing the Carboniferous and the Permian), and then moves to a Jurassic swamp with some generic sauropods, followed by scenes featuring Pteranodon, Triceratops, and Struthiomimus (all Cretaceous). So far, so good; the sauropods look ridiculous and should not be munching water weeds in a swamp, but that can be put down to a combination of 1960s paleontological ignorance and artistic license. But then the final scene depicts a Stegosaurus battling some large theropod beside a violent lava flow. If the theropod is supposed to be a T. rex, as the narrator usually states, why does it have three fingers per hand, and what is the stego doing in the Cretaceous? You could ignore the narrator and assume that the setting has reverted back to the Jurassic for some reason, and the stego is fighting an Allosaurus... but that doesn't explain why stego has five tail spikes. Sigh. (Also, lava is really more of a Cretaceous thing.)
      • Word of God states that the creature is a Tyrannosaurus, and it has three fingers because Walt Disney thought it looks better (specifically scarier) that way. When discovered, people actually did use to think T. rex had three fingers, which might also have influenced Disney. We now know this was sorta true, as it's been discovered that Tyrannosaurus did have three fingers, but the third was vestigial and would not have been visible on the animal's hand.
  • The Land Before Time: The original movie (1988) plays this trope straight with a Five-Man Band made of four dinosaurs and one pterosaur; three of the dinos are Great Stock (Brontosaurus, Triceratops, and Stegosaurus, with the sauropod obviously being the lead character), while the flying reptile is the iconic Pteranodon (also toothless). The villain is a Tyrannosaurus. We can also see a brief cameo of the stock mammal-like reptile Dimetrodon... with a snake-like tongue. However, this film makes some aversions as well: the forth Five-Man Band dinosaur is the relatively obscure Saurolophus, although she's officially labeled Parasaurolophus, has some resemblance with Edmontosaurus, and her parents brood the eggs like Maiasaura; thus it may better qualified as a Mix-and-Match Critter duckbill (true Parasaurolophus as well as a skeleton appear, however). Rooter is an old-fashioned Scolosaurus, with two wrong spikes on the tip of its tail and very slow-moving like a turtle. This may be one of the first times that the bonehead Pachycephalosaurus appears in an animation movie, although portrayed as a fearsome predator trying to kill Cera with headbutts. We can also see an egg-robbing Struthiomimus, a feeding frenzy of Diplodocus, a generic ankylosaur, and some small bipedal dinos similar to Compsognathus or Hypsilophodon. And then some generic pterosaurs (one of which resembling Dimorphodon), several modern reptiles (lizards and turtles, one of them is snapping-like), a long-tailed frog, some arthropods (dragonflies, beetles, crickets and spiders), a little rodent-like mammal, and two unusual sea reptiles at the beginning of the film: the smaller one resembles an avicephalian, while the larger one trying to eat the former may be a thalattosuchian (a fish-like crocodile). The "raptor" is missing, chiefly because the film was made before Jurassic Park of 1993 (don't worry, it duly appeared in the second sequel of the original cartoon-film, which was made after JP...)
    • Curiously, the sequels have a friendly tyrannosaur and have featured popular (or fun to animate) recently-discovered animals in the cast as well. Also, the cartoon series has a feathered Oviraptor (Ruby), as well as a returning Chomper (the friendly Tyrannosaurus) joining the main cast.
    • Littlefoot has previously been identified as a "Brontosaurus" and a "Bracheosaurus" (which is not only the wrong species, but the wrong spelling) on video and DVD releases. It seems this is one time where Word of God deliberately didn't know or didn't care.
  • Dinosaur deliberately averted this trope in several ways:
    1. By avoiding all the four most classic "Great Stock dinosaurs" in favor of relatives. Brachiosaurus instead of Brontosaurus, Styracosaurus instead of Triceratops and Ankylosaurus rather than Stegosaurus are examples; the notable avoidance of T. rex for Carnotaurus makes the most cited case.
    2. Having some Semi-Stock, Rare-Stock and Non-Stock creatures: the hornless ceratopsian Pachyrhinosaurus, the small bonehead "Stygimoloch" (instead of the prototypical Pachycephalosaurus), egg-stealing Oviraptor instead of the classic ornithomimids, and Microceratops and Talarurus, as well as the toothed bird Ichthyornis, the giant amphibian Koolasuchus and a flying, chameleon-like Longisquama (one of the few meddled animals).
    3. Showing two "great stock" animals in a non-traditional way: dromeosaurs here have the correct Velociraptor shape, not the wrong Jurassic Park one, and the flying reptile carrying Aladar's egg is the obscure Pteranodon sternbergi instead of the universally-known Pteranodon longiceps. Again toothless.
    4. Having as the lead character Iguanodon. The film has the merit to have done justice for the first time to one of the most important dinosaurs in paleontology.
  • Ice Age:
    • The series averts the trope about mammals: obviously woolly mammoths and smilodons are in the spotlight, but we can see many critters that resemble some unfamiliar prehistoric mammals (although not named, thus acting as Genius Bonus). And the two marine reptiles in the second movie seem Non-Stock as well, with one of them resembling fish-like sea crocodilomorphs.
    • Zig-zagged in Ice Age 3: Dawn of the Dinosaurs. Although some were recognizable such as the T. rex family, Brachiosaurus, an Ankylosaurus, Iguanodon, Pachycephalosaurus, a Triceratops family, and an Archaeopteryx, there were also lesser-known genera such as small stegosaurid Kentrosaurus, a pack of Troodon, a flock of Pterodactylus who were seen chasing after the Harpactognathus-mounted Buck and the possum brothers, ravenous wolfish Guanlong, and a white Baryonyx named Rudy - Buck's eternal enemy and threat to the T. rex family.
  • You Are Umasou has Tyrannosaurus, Ankylosaurus, Maiasaura, and Elasmosaurus making up the main cast, and Triceratops, Parasaurolophus, generic dromaeosaurs and ornithomimids, Giganotosaurus, Troodon, Protoceratops, Pteranodon, and a Tylosaurus appear as minor roles. What appears to be a spinosaur corpse appears in the eruption scene. However, they managed to avert this with titanosaurs as the token sauropods (taking place in the Cretaceous and all), Ornithocheirus, Avisaurus, and of all things a Chilantaisaurus (depicted with bull horns for some reason). There are also other creatures, which all seem to be made-up.
  • In The Good Dinosaur, all named dinosaur characters belong to the well-known genera: Arlo and his family are Apatosaurus, Forrest Woodbrush is a Styracosaurus, the cattle rustlers are Velociraptor, and the cattle rancher family are Tyrannosaurus rex. Parasaurolophus make cameo appearances in the opening, and the tie-in toy line features Stegosaurus, Triceratops, and Ankylosaurus (which were planned to appear in the movie, but were cut out during the revision). The pterosaurs on the other hand avert this, being based on obscure genera such as Guidraco and Caulkicephalus. Deleted scenes also include the temporally misplaced Non-Dinosaur Dimetrodon, but one possessing mammalian traits like fur and visible ears and serving as the setting's analog to wolves or coyotes.

    Films — Live-Action 
  • Brute Force (1914) is the first film to feature Dinosaurs in a non-animated capacity: a full scale mechanical Ceratosaurus ...eating grass. In Real Life Ceratosaurus was carnivorous.
  • The Dinosaur and the Missing Link (1916) features an armored sauropod battling an Ape Man. Cavemen also appear. Its followups, Prehistoric Poultry and R.F.D. 10,000 B.C. Reuse the model but also include an Emu-like prehistoric bird.
  • Ghost of Slumber Mountain (1918) Using Stop Motion, Wilis O'Brian brought a Tyrannosaurus, Brontosaurus, and Triceratops to life. The film also had the prehistoric terror bird Diatryma. This is also the earliest filmed battle between Triceratops and Tyrannosaurus.
  • 1925's The Lost World also started the trend, but subverted it as well. The main big predator named is Allosaurus, though Tyrannosaurus appears for a couple scenes. Other dinosaurs include Trachodon (now Edmontosaurus), Brontosaurus, Triceratops, Stegosaurus, Brachiosaurus, and Pteranodon. Then it includes the now discredited genus Agathaumas, which has an iconic battle with Allosaurus and Tyrannosaurus.
  • King Kong:
    • The original King Kong (1933) and its sequel The Son of Kong have Tyrannosaurus, Brontosaurus, Stegosaurus, Pteranodon, a serpentine plesiosaur, Styracosaurus, and a cave bear. Then there's the weird things like the dragon-like creature, thick-headed elasmosaur, Teratornis, and two-legged, carnivorous lizard among other oddities.
    • The 2005 remake, on the other hand, averts this by saying that various species had evolved differently over the ages on the island. The companion artbook/in-universe journal explains these all in fairly great detail, even if it's written as if by a 1930s group of scientists.
  • Special Effect Failure laden Unknown Island has Brontosaurus, Dimetrodon, Ceratosaurus and a flesh-eating giant ground sloth. Admittedly, people have suggested that giant sloths were carnivores (or at least omnivores) in the past (and Walking with Beasts shows one driving sabertooths off a kill and eating it)... but not as active predators. The major problem is that the sloth has sharp teeth and looks like a cross between a gorilla and a bear.
  • Stock Dinosaurs abound in The Lost Continent — Featuring Pteranodon, Brontosaurus and Triceratops (the later two of which are apparently Immune to Bullets), as well as a Slurpasaur that all sound nothing like dinosaurs. The poster also shows Tyrannosaurus...which never appears in the movie.
  • The film Mysterious Island was originally going to feature dinosaurs and prehistoric animals, but it was changed to giant animals later in production. One bit does survive, a Phorusrhacus! The stop-motion model is good and the creature interacts well with the environment and actors—but the composure realized how silly it looked having a "Giant chicken" attack the cast, and made the music to emphasize that. To add insult to injury, the heroes eat the bird after roasting it up.
  • Sinbad and the Eye of the Tiger features one of the earliest Sabertoothed Cats in film. Frozen in ice and revived by black magic, it's a bit larger than it would have been in life. MST3K Mantra is in full effect, but the cat looks excellent!
  • Justified in Jurassic Park, which had a cloned Tyrannosaurus rex as well as a short scene with a Triceratops; they were both resurrected because of their popularity. It's largely responsible for the overuse of Velociraptors in other media.
    • The original film plays straight the trope with the aforementioned T. rex and Triceratops (and Parasaurolophus in the background of a scene), but averts it as well with Gallimimus instead of the more traditional pair Ornithomimus/Struthiomimus, and the then-obscure Dilophosaurus. Using Brachiosaurus instead of Apatosaurus may be considered another partial aversion, because the former used to be quite rare in films before JP (and remember that the sauropods belong to Apatosaurus in the novel). The Velociraptor/Deinonychus thing is a case on its own because dromeosaurids entered in pop culture mainly after this film; it may be considered as another aversion though, since the iconic dromeosaurid in books and in pre-JP fiction was Deinonychus.
      • In a small twist of irony, in one of the early scenes of the film, Sam Neill's character has a bit of a laugh when a boy suggests that a Velociraptor fossil looks a bit like a "six foot turkey", given that Velociraptors in the Jurassic Park universe are big scary violent monsters. Have a look at this and tell me the kid's wrong. Deadly they may be, but real Velociraptors do look a bit like a turkey. Some would argue they're kinda cute too.
    • The Lost World: Jurassic Park features all the dinosaurs from the first movie except Dilophosaurus (probably with the purpose not to continue with such an incorrectly-portrayed animal) and Brachiosaurus, and also added other animals: two Great Stocks (Stegosaurus and Pteranodon), two Semi-Stocks (Pachycephalosaurus and Compsognathus) and one Rare-Stock (the Diplodocus-like sauropod is officially Mamenchisaurus, but it’s not named and make only a brief cameo).
    • Jurassic Park III again features T. rex, Velociraptor, Triceratops, and Parasaurolophus, and we also have the return of Brachiosaurus and Pteranodon. Completely new dinosaurs were Semi or Rare Stocks: Corythosaurus, Ankylosaurus and, in one of the few modern appearances, Ceratosaurus (all these have starring roles, and are not named). The only yet notable aversion is famously Spinosaurus (again, another example of dinosaur that become stock thanks to the series), especially seeing it killing “The KingTyrannosaurus (a very discussed scene among both dino and non-dino fans).
      • The scene with Pteranodons is that of "they’re going to carry people away and eat 'em!". And these are Pteranodons (whose name means "wings with no tooth") with teeth. Also, there is no way that Pteranodon could lift up a person, even a 13-year old. A Pteranodon did briefly appear in the second film, where it was shown correctly without teeth, but it was perching on a branch, which a real Pteranodon wouldn't be able to do. Oh well. It’s worth noting that the movie did start with Grant telling us that the animals on the island aren't real dinosaurs because of mistakes in their creation and the mixing in of other genetic material. They'd need an actual lampshade to make it more obvious.
    • In a sense, the Jurassic Park series has not true Non-Stocks because almost all its dinosaurs which were not known among general public became automatically members of the stock ensemble thanks to endless JP-inspired imitations, comics and toys. The proportion of Stock Dinosaurs in the movies is much larger than that of the two novels (and the total number of genera is far smaller, see further). Spielberg decided it was better to play mainly this trope straight, since he was coping with large audiences...
    • Jurassic World plays this trope straight with the return of Tyrannosaurus rex, Velociraptor and the flying reptile Pteranodon as major players. Triceratops, Stegosaurus, Ankylosaurus, Parasaurolophus, Gallimimus, Pachycephalosaurus and a holographic Dilophosaurus return as cameos. This is also the film debut of Apatosaurus (which was present in the book), flying reptile Dimorphodon and the marine lizard Mosasaurus (both of which were present in video game adaptations). The website lists Edmontosaurus and Baryonyx but neither of them show up onscreen. Subverted with the inclusion of Metriacanthosaurus, Microceratus and Suchomimus on the park's website, though they didn't make it into the actual film either. A Spinosaurus skeleton can be seen in Jurassic World's Main Street, before being destroyed during the T. rex's rampage. The dinosaur antagonist, Indominus rex, is made up of several Stock Dinosaurs, namely T. rex, Velociraptor, Giganotosaurus, Carnotaurus, and Therizinosaurus, but it also contains Seldom-Seen Species such as Rugops and Majungasaurus.
  • The Spanish film Sound of Horror has an Invisible Dinosaur terrorize a group of treasure hunters. This trope is completely averted as, though the creature appears to be a medium-sized theropod, it is unidentifiable and is unidentified through the film.
  • 1960's Dinosaurus! has both a Tyrannosaurus and Brontosaurus, who Fight until the Brontosaurus sinks in quicksand. The T. rex then fights a Crane. Really!
  • Weird Checosloviakian film Journey to the Begining of Time starts both averting it and playing it straight, using both well-known prehistoric mammals such as woolly mammoths and lesser-known ones like proto-giraffes. But when they get to the dinosaurs and pterosaurs, it's all stock: Brontosaurus, Trachodon', Styracosaurus, Stegosaurus, Pteranodon, Ceratosaurus, and Phorusrhacos''.
  • One Million Years B.C. has several stock dinosaurs: Ceratosaurus, Triceratops, Allosaurus, Brontosaurus, Pteranodon AND Rhamphorhynchus (oversized and short-tailed). Harryhausen also threw in a Giant Iguana and Giant Spider Homage to the original One Million BC which as nothing but Slurpasaurs. Awesomely, people thought that a giant turtle was used for the Archelon, blown up to massive proportions anyway, but that too was a stop motion model.
  • Cowboys vs. Dinosaurs film The Valley of Gwangi has Pteranodon, Ornithomimus, Styracosaurus and Allosaurus. The film also throws in prehistoric mammal Eohippus, the "Dawn Horse", which confuses the cowboys and brings them all to the Lost World.
  • Planet of the Dinosaurs averts it pretty well. Sure, it has Brontosaurus, Allosaurus, Stegosaurus and a Tyrannosaurus that acts like a Horror Film Slasher to the stranded astronauts. It also has lesser known dinosaurs such as Polacanthus, Coelophysis, Dromiceiomimus and a Centrosaurus that's Immune to Lasers! It's a pretty bad film, but the FX are awesome.
  • The film of Edgar Rice Burroughs' The Land That Time Forgot has lots of Stock Dinosaurs, but more often averts it...through Special Effect Failure. Stock include Allosaurus, Diplodocus, Ceratosaurus, Triceratops, Rhamphorhynchus, Ceratosaurus, Plesiosaurus, a "Giant Crocodile" (visually more of a mosasaur) and Styracosaurus that apparently all think humans are VERY tasty or just don't like them. The film also features the nodosaur Polacanthus. Oddly, despite the enlargement of them as well as the shortened neck, the Pterodactyls in the film are pretty accurate—they don't even use their claws to snatch people up, using their jaws instead. Too bad their wings and bodies are absolutely stiff in flight!
  • Japanese-American co-production The Last Dinosaur has four prehistoric animals: Tyrannosaurus rex, a Uintatherium (identified as a Ceratopsian), Triceratops and Pteranodon. Also, there were Cavemen.
  • B-Movie Aversion occurs in the...what can only be labeled as "Fantasy"/Fur Bikini epic When Dinosaurs Ruled the Earth features Giant elasmosaurs, Rhamphorhynchus, a Chasmosaurus and a creature that can only be seen as an homage to The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms. It also had People-eating Plants and Giant Crabsfor no particular reason other than to have more things to kill helpless cavemen with.
  • The 2001 miniseries version of The Lost World included Allosaurus, Brachiosaurus, Diplodocus, Hypsilophodon and Iguanodon among its dinosaurs. It also featured a Pteranodon, an Ape-Man and an Entelodont (Prehistoric über-boar).
  • Though not a dinosaur film, 10,000 BC features stock prehistoric mammals instead. Mammoths and (Giant) Smilodons, and a group of silly-looking Terror Birds in the Old World. According to interviews, they were put in so they could technically have dinosaurs in the movie —without having dinosaurs in the movie.
  • Journey to the Center of the Earth has had several adaptations into feature films.
    • 1956: Features giant Dimetrodon
    • 1976: This production from Spain features two mosasaurs that do battle, giant turtles, Dimetrodon, creatures resembling giant lizards and a King Kong knockoff (which actually was featured in a dream sequence in the original novel).
    • 1998: A TV film has a predatory Iguanodon (lampshaded by the group's scientist) and Raptor People.
    • 2008: This 3D film features only one dinosaur, a Giganotosaurus (although it looks more like a Tyrannosaurus with thumbs). In another scene, a flock of plesiosaurs appear in an Always a Bigger Fish-type situation.
  • Shandra: The Jungle Girl: In the first vision Shandra shares with Ellen and Cord, they see a Tyrannosaurus Rex, a Brontosaurus and a Triceratops.

  • There are certain Fighting Fantasy books which is set in lands where dinosaurs still exists, but they're usually hostile and attack the player characters on sight.
    • Portal of Evil has the titular portal leading to a world with a Cretaceous-era inspired setting, and dinosaurs are reoccurring encounters, including a triceratops guarding its young, an elasmosaurus that ambushes you in a lake, spinosauruses being used as steed, and a heavily armoured ankylosaurus. The most powerful of all being a T. Rex kept in the Big Bad's lair as an Attack Animal, which you might end up being Fed to the Beast.
    • Battleblade Warrior have various stock dinosaurs, such as raptors, pterodactyls and styracosaurus, being trained by the villainous Lizard Men empire to be used as steeds. There's also a situation where players can be caught between a T. Rex and a Triceratops battling each other.
    • Robot Commando uses this as it's very premise; being set in a planet where dinosaurs exist, and your occupation being a pilot of giant robots who herds dinosaurs. The iconic T-Rex is featured right in the front cover.

  • The Jules Verne classic A Journey to the Center of the Earth features a battle between an Ichthyosaur and Plesiosaur. The first use of prehistoric animals in fiction, done way back in 1864.
  • The novel Bleak House written by Charles Dickens has a mention of Megalosaurus (one of the two iconic dinosaurs at the time along with Iguanodon)
  • The Lost World by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1912) was the first novel to show a prehistoric fauna instead of isolated creatures, in a remote place in South America. It's interesting because it reveals to us which animals were the most popular among people at the time; their "stock ensemble" was different to ours. T. rex had been described only 7 years before, while Allosaurus was already known for 35 years (discovered during the Bone Wars in 1877); thus, T. rex was only starting to outcompete Allosaurus in popularity as the "most fearsome meat-eating dino". The other two large meat-eaters known by paleontologists were the horned Ceratosaurus and the prototypical Megalosaurus (the popularity of both began to fall only in the 1970s, after the Dinosaur Renaissance). In the novel, human characters encounter an enormous theropod and argue about which of the four aforementioned genera it belongs (without succeeding to identify it). The other two dinosaurs are the still-popular Iguanodon and the Bone Wars offspring Stegosaurus, while there are no sauropods, no ceratopsians, and no hadrosaurs (this may be considered an aversion before the trope itself really got going, since these groups were already very well-known at the time); and obviously "raptors" are missing, since they were unknown at the time.
    • The same issue applies to the gigantic Pterosaurs encountered by our human heroes; the scientists of the group argue about which genus it is, and concluded that it may be either Dimorphodon or Pterodactylus (this may reveal that Pteranodon was not the iconic flying reptile yet, or maybe we're coping with another proto-aversion). Marine reptile were the same chosen by Jules Verne: Ichthyosaurus and Plesiosaurus (and not Elasmosaurus) Conan Doyle seems also to avert the trope (at least to modern eyes) about post-dinosaurian critters: we haven't any sabertooth or mastodon/mammoth, substituted by Toxodon, Glyptodont, the Terror Bird Phorusrhacos (all South American) and the "Irish Elk" Megaloceros. Some of them are not named due to Unreliable Narrator, but are pretty obvious to someone who knows.
  • Jurassic Park and The Lost World include a mix of Stock and Non-Stock dinosaurs.
    • Jurassic Park takes a singular approach, playing straight the trope and largely averting it at the same time. This because we can see all the four classic Great Stock dinosaurs Tyrannosaurus, Apatosaurus (correctly named at last), Stegosaurus and Triceratops, but Middle Stock dinos are completely missing (except for Styracosaurus which is only mentioned in the list but never shown). All the other creature were Non-Stock or Rare Stock. However, the following Spielberg's film made really stock two of Crichton's animals: Velociraptor and Dilophosaurus — in both cases the movie followed the same errors from the book, adding some other inaccuracies that were missing in the relatively more accurate novel. The ptoken pterosaurs, meanwhile, actually averted this trope for once, being Cearadactylus rather than their more famous Pteranodon cousins. They're depicted about as accurately.
      • One word about "raptors" (a nickname invented by Crichton): few people know that both Deinonychus and Velociraptor show up in the story. They are both named Velociraptor only because Crichton was inspired by paleontologist Gregory Paul and his famous book "Predatory Dinosaurs of the World", in which Deinonychus antirrhopus was classified as Velociraptor antirrhopus (no other scientists have followed Paul in this soon-rejected theory, since these two animals were largely different between each other, as said in Stock Dinosaurs Saurischian Dinosaurs). At one point Alan Grant sees a hatchling and one of the scientist of the park says is Velociraptor mongoliensis (the true Velociraptor), but then Grant asks if they've recreated the antirrophus ones (aka Deinonychus) as well: the cloner guy says yes and tells to Alan that there already are adults of this species and shows them to the paleontologist. These are the raptors that later will chase the humans until the end of the novel. Deinonychus is the real Big Bad from the story (other than the rex).
    • The second novel The Lost World has a similar approach to the former: many Great Stock dinosaurs, some Semi Stock and much more Rare Stocks and Non Stocks. The most notable of the latter is perhaps Carnotaurus: this is the very first time that this horned predator has ever appeared in a successful pop work, and became a real stock after its second important portrait in Disney's Dinosaur, possibly substituting the "out-fashioned" Ceratosaurus (however the third JP film decided to be traditional and showed the old Ceratosaur and not Carnotaurs).
  • Never one to leave any Animal Tropes uncovered, Dinotopia does what it can to subvert this as much as possible. The mix of animals is justified by the fantastic setting. On top of that, the popular dinosaurs tend to be relegated to smaller roles; the main characters are instead made up of species who are the most fun to paint. Anatomically correctly, for the most part. Those were some damn good-looking books.
    • The first dinosaur the main characters see is the rarely-seen stock Protoceratops instead of its overused relative Triceratops (although there *is* a Triceratops character later in the books), and unlike most other dinosaurs in the setting she is able to speak (indeed, the species is well known for its translators due to their strong vocal range).
  • In Megamorphs #2, our heroes go back in time, morphing dinosaurs. Thanks to Tobias's (previously unmentioned) detailed knowledge of dinosaurs rivaling with that of a six year old's, they establish that they're in the late Cretaceous Era, and fight (among others) Spinosaurs. At the end of the book, Tobias says paleontologists believe Spinosaurs had died out by the mid-Cretaceous. "Who are you going to believe? Me, or a bunch of guys with old fossils?"
    • It does, however, ignore geography: Saltasaurus was from South America, Spinosaurus from Africa. In addition, Deinonychus and Kronosaurus were also from the Early Cretaceous, and the meteor impact is portrayed as happening in California, when it really took place in southeastern Mexico.
  • Quest for Fire is set in the Pleistocene and therefore doesn't feature any non-avian dinosaurs but many of stock ice age mammals make appearances: woolly mammoths, woolly rhinos, cave bears, cave lions, aurochs, Megaloceros and saber-toothed cats. Even Gigantopithecus joins the party decades before its fossils were discovered!
  • Largely averted in Raptor Red, as one would expect from a book written by a Paleontologist. Limited to Deinonychus, Iguanodon and arguably Utahraptor. The other dinosaurs are much less familiar - Acrocanthosaurus (a big theropod possibly related to Allosaurus), Astrodon (a smallish by sauropod standards relative of Brachiosaurus), and the ankylosaur Gastonia.
  • Meg: The prologue of the first book features Dinosaurs, and Tyrannosaurus rex is one of them. The Trench and Hell's Aquarium also makes use of stock marine reptiles, inasmuch as there are stock marine reptiles. (Kronosaurus, Liopleurodon, Elasmosaurus). In addition, the Megalodon itself could be considered a stock prehistoric creature.
  • Ten Little Dinosaurs features a Pachycephalosaurus jumping on a bed and hitting his head, a Stegosaurus riding a bike and smashing his spike, a Tyrannosaurus rex chewing on a mooth and breaking his tooth, a Spinosaurus rafting down a river and going all aquiver, an Archaeopteryx soaring down a peak and tweaking his beak, an Ankylosaurus playing at a street saying "a car to beat!", a Supersaurus being cool wearing his shades to school, a Chasmosaurus camping and sliding a lava spout, a Saurolophus at a baseball game and insulting the umpire and a Triceratops walking all alone and being dried up into bones. As you can tell, the book's more silly than accurate, but it gets points for listing Archaeopteryx as a dinosaur and portraying Spinosaurus as primarily aquatic long before either of those ideas were widely accepted.
  • Largely averted in Steve Cole's Astrosaurs series, which features lesser-known genera like Barosaurus and Stegoceras. Played straight, however, with the main heroes: Stegosaurus, Triceratops, Corythosaurus, and Iguanodon.
  • The Dinosaur Lords, while having quite some examples of non-stock dinosaurs, largely uses the famous ones, mainly Parasaurolophus, Triceratops, Deinonychus, Allosaurus and, of course, the T. rex (although in moderation).
  • In Fortunately, the Milk, Professor Steg is a stegosaurus. Near the end of the book, a tyrannosaurus, ankylosaurus, diplodocus, and pteranodon also appear.
  • Liv in the Future: The extradimensional miniature dinosaurs Liv adopts consist of Pteranadon, Tyrannosaurus rex, Stegosaurus, and a sauropod.

    Live Action TV 
  • This has happened several times in the history of Super Sentai and Power Rangers.
    • The first season of Mighty Morphin' Power Rangers, adapted from Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger, had "Dinozords", of which only three were actual dinosaurs — Tyrannosaurus rex, Triceratops, and later on a Brachiosaurus named Brachion/Titanus. The others were a mastodon, a "sabertooth tiger", a Pteranodon (named so in Zyuranger, but called "Pterodactyl" in the American version), and a Godzilla-like "dragon".
    • Things were better in Bakuryuu Sentai Abaranger, which was adapted into Power Rangers Dino Thunder. The main characters did have powers stemming from the overused stock Tyrannosaurus, Triceratops, Pteranodon, and Brachiosaurus; but eventually also got assistance from Stegosaurus, Dimetrodon, Pachycephalosaurus, Parasaurolophus, and Ankylosaurus zords; as well as Velociraptors as steeds. The Red Ranger also got a Styracosaurus-themed Next Tier Power-Up and corresponding zord. The Sixth Ranger was cool, since his animal was a Tupuxuara, an obscure pterosaur with a large head crest. Neither show really identified the Tupuxuara, though, and Dino Thunder also failed to correctly name the Styracosaurus. In addition, Abaranger had an appearance by evil Carnotaurus and Chasmosaurus zords, but these hardly showed up in Dino Thunder.
    • Then in Engine Sentai Go-onger, the three final train-themed Engines (a mastodon, a Tyrannosaurus, and a Triceratops) originally arrived in the dimension known as the Human World (Earth) when it was originally the Dino World (despite the mastodon not being a dinosaur). In Power Rangers RPM they are merely known as the "Paleozord(s)" and have no historical setting, instead being made with prehistoric DNA.
    • Samurai Sentai Shinkenger features the Kyoryu Origami (Kyoryu = Dinosaur) which is an undefined Sauropod with pointy teeth (which is believed to be the Vulcanodon). Power Rangers Samurai tried to pass it off as a shark instead.
    • Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger and Power Rangers Dino Charge go back to a full dino theme, with Tyrannosaurus, Parasaurolophus, Stegosaurus, Velociraptor, Triceratops, and Pteranodon as the main Rangers' dinos; and Ankylosaurus, Pachycephalosaurus, Plesiosaurus, Brachiosaurus, and Spinosaurus for secondary Rangers and mecha. Beyond that, there are about a dozen more different powerups, some of which are represented by non-stock dinos: Deinonychus, Deinosuchus, Kentrosaurus, Styracosaurus, Allosaurus, Seismosaurus, Oviraptor, Iguanodon, Tupandactylus, Ammonite, Archelon, Fukuiraptor, and Futabasaurus. Dino Charge doesn't identify any of the power-up species, though Deinosuchus, Oviraptor, Ammonite, and Archelon got some toy-only zord designs with colours matching their associated charger. It also does some reclassification of the Rangers' dinos, naming the Pteranodon as a Pterodactyl and the Brachiosaurus as a Titanosaur; both likely nods to Mighty Morphin'.
    • Kishiryu Sentai Ryusoulger and Power Rangers Dino Fury have the usual Tyrannosaurus, Triceratops, and Ankylosaurus for the Red, Blue, and Pink Rangers. In Ryusoulger, Black has a "Needlesaurus" (a fictional relative of Stegosaurus) and Green has a saber-toothed "Tigersaurus" (a reptilian version of a Smilodon); while Dino Fury designates them as an actual Stegosaurus and "Saber-Toothed Tiger"note . Averted by the Sixth Ranger, whose dinosaur is a Mosasaurus, which is growing in popularity but not yet very common. The team also gets mecha and major powerups based on other well-known creatures: Dimetrodon, Spinosaurus, Velociraptor, Pachycephalosaurus, and Pteranodon. Like Kyoryuger/Dino Charge there are an assortment of secondary powerups, but in both shows they're named and themed after the power they provide and not tied to any specific species.
  • People in Heroes-related literature and discussion often insist on calling the animal Hiro is fighting in Isaac's painting a T. rex", when it is actually a Carnotaurus. A Carnotaurus has a bulldog snout, horns, warts, and three prominent fingers. The T. rex had two (not counting the vestigial one).
  • Primeval actually manages to play this trope straight while averting it at the same time; While almost all of the prehistoric creatures to appear are more obscure than those seen in most media, the only actual dinosaurs to appear are the ever-popular raptors.
    • Also the dodos, Hesperornis, and terror birds, if you're a cladist...
    • The third season broke the trend, featuring three dinosaurs: a Giganotosaurus, a Velociraptor (which is accurately sized for once), and a Dracorex (though a great deal of liberty was taken with its design, giving it an Amargasaurus spine and a crapload of spikes.)
      • Actually the Velociraptor wasn't quite "accurately sized". It was a baby. Meaning we still didn't get a "proper-sized" Velociraptor. We never see an adult in the third season. Same thing happens with the Deinonychus, the only ones seen in the third season aren't fully grown. However we do see adult Deinonychus in the second season.
    • And now, the series has Spinosaurus in the 4th season and Tyrannosaurus in the 5th season.
  • Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's The Lost World featured most, if not all, of the stock dinosaurs, with raptors being the most common.
  • The original Land of the Lost featured all sorts of stock dinosaurs, and gave them nicknames on top of it. Tyannosaurus, Allosaurus, Coelophysis, Triceratops, Apatosaurus (called Brontosaurus) and Pteranodon among them. They also had other monsters such as a Two-Headed Elasmosaur and a fire-breathing Dimetrodon. The 90s remake featured Triceratops, Stegosaurus, Parasaurolophus, Apatosaurus, a Mosasaur and Pteranodon. It also mentioned or showed remains of prehistoric mammals such as Dire Wolves and Smilodon. The movie features Dromeosaurids, Compsognathids, Pteranodon, Allosaurus and Tyrannosaurus.
  • Reading Rainbow had an episode entitled "Digging up Dinosaurs" which featured clips form One Million Years B.C. amongst museum visits and book readings.
  • Prehistoric Park has a few stock, but a few less common creatures as well. Tyrannosaurus Rex, Triceratops, Ornithomimus, Parasaurolophus, a Woolly Mammoth and Smilodon round out the core stock. The series also includes Elasmotherium, Titanosaurs, Microraptor, Phorusrhacos, Meganeura, Pulmonscorpius, Arthropleura, Nyctosaurus, Incisivosaurus, Mei long, the Tyrannosaur Albertosaurus, Deinosuchus, the amphibian Crassigyrinus, Toxodon'' and a Cave Bear.
  • Lost Tapes has a few prehistoric animals, but few of them are stock. Megalania, Gigantopithicus, Elasmosaurus, a Mosasaur, a Azhdarchidae Pterrosaur (acting like a shrike) and a descendant of Xiphactinus.
  • Kamen Rider OOO, among his other animal-based powers, gets a Super Mode form based on the great stock trinity of Tyrannosaurus rex, Triceratops, and Pteranodon.
  • Terra Nova has featured very few, most notably the Brachiosaurs and the Ankylosaurus. Their large carnivore role is filled by Carnotaurus rather than T. rex and their raptors come from two different fictional species. A spinosaur (nicknamed Empirosaur) appeared in one episode.
  • Sliders, being a show about parallel universes, had two episodes with dinosaurs in them. The first one had them in a wildlife preserve of Dinosaurs run by humans, the other which was a caveman and dinosaur fantasy world where the cavemen went extinct thanks to another group of Sliders escaping their world for that one. The first one referenced many dinosaurs (including Stegosaurus and Archeopteryx), but only an Allosaurus showed up. It also included an Evil Poacher. The later featured Parasaurolophus and Tyrannosaurus Rex.
  • An Invisible Monster Dinosaur (a Tyrannnosaur) ended up being the undoing of the hero in M.A.N.T.I.S.
  • The Ultraman Neos episode, "Our Dino-Coaster", features the fossilized remains of three Stock Dinosaurs — a T-Rex, a Triceratops, and a Stegosaurus — getting infected by Dark Matter, and subsequently transforming into a hybrid dino-kaiju called King Dainas, with a stegosaurus' body, triceratops' horn and paws, and a T-Rex's head.

  • The members of the band Hevisaurus dress up as dinosaurs for their shows : Milli Pilli is a Triceratops, Riffi Raffi is a Stegosaurus, Komppi Momppi is an Apatosaurus and Herra Hevisaurus is a Tyrannosaurus rex.

    Paleo Art 
  • Artist Charles R. Knight is responsible for setting up a lot of the iconic images of Dinosaurs. For a while, he had more artwork in more museums than any other artist because of his dinosaur restorations. He painted virtually every dinosaur that was stock at his time (early twentieth century) and then some. The artwork he created was used as reference material for several films (including The Lost World (1925), King Kong (1933) and Fantasia) and were reprinted in children's books until the 1970s; even modern books on paleontology can include them for nostalgia purposes. Ironically, even though some of his paintings are over 100 years old, a select few remain surprisingly accurate to our current understanding of Dinosaurs—he was the first to portray Dinosaurs in the posture we now accept (IE: not dragging its tail), and did so with his iconic image of Tyrannosaurus rex.
  • Czech artist Zdenek Burian was the European equivalent of Knight, or successor, since his most famous and influential works came only after the "Knight Era". His paintings have been reproduced and recreated countless of times in many, many books, and some of his classic setups (mountain-like Brachiosaurus at a lake, Iguanodon standing in a Godzilla-posenote , Mosasaurus lunging out of the water to catch Pteranodon, as well as his incredibly famous rendition of an erect Tarbosaurus) and color choices (blue Archaeopteryx) have become memes of their own among paleo-artists.
  • The Mural "The Age of Reptiles" crafted between 1944-1947 helped define much of the popular image of dinosaurs as well, and covered time periods not generally covered in most other sources. Despite being out of date it is still on display where it was painted at the Yale-Peabody Museum—and is appropriately dinosaurian in size: Over 14ft tall and over 114ft long.
  • The 1964 World's Fair had an exhibit of "Life Size" dinosaurs supported by the Sinclair Oil company (whose logo was a brontosaurus). It featured the following dinosaurs: Tyrannosaurus, Triceratops, Brontosaurus, Stegosaurus, Anatosaurus, Corythosaurus, Ornitholestes and Struthiomimus. Take a look at the models here.
  • Famous palaeontologist Bob Bakker (one of the main authors of the "dinosaur renaissance") depicted active, warm-blooded dinosaurs in the sixties. Its iconic drawing is a fast-running, extremely lively Deinonychus (the dinosaur inspirer of the "renaissance"). Many artists have followed his example in the next decades:
    • Palaeontologist Gregory Paul depicted many theropods in black-and-white in his successful book Predatory Dinosaurs of the World; these drawings was a major font of inspiration for Michael Crichton and his Jurassic Park. He's also co-responsible to certain errors present in the novel (in particular the Velociraptor-Deinonychus misunderstanding).
    • John Sibbick has been perhaps the most influential dino-artist at the end of the twentieth century, portraying many lively and colorful dinosaurs (and other ancient creatures as well) that now are stock in modern dinosaur books. Sibbick's paintings are spectacularly rich of details, even though some could find them somewhat static — and some are also partially outdated by Science Marches On: in his oldest series the only non-bird dinosaur depicted with feathers is Avimimus. Sibbick' influence was so strong that the next generation of artists often depicted dinosaurs with the same colour schemes, and even certain anatomical details. For example, green Hypsilophodon with cat-like pupils, Saltasaurus with erect pose and armored neck and tails, Saurolophus with inflatable airsac on its head, the frontal view of the head of Styracosaurus, green-yellowish Baryonyx and Compsognathus, purple Coelophysis, fishing multi-colored Segnosaurus, and Archaeopteryx-like Avimimus have been copied by many other paleo-artists. Even some films and TV programs of the 1990s-2000s were clearly inspired from Sibbick's illustrations: the Leaellynasaura of Walking with Dinosaurs look a lot like Sibbick's hypsilophodon, and the Corythosauruses of Jurassic Park III are inspired from the artist's portrait, with their rayed-colored crest. Also several dinosaurs of the Dinotopia book series bear (sometimes strong) resemblances with Sibbick's paleo-artistic works.

  • Gottlieb's Caveman features brontosaurs, triceratops, pterodactyls, and Tyrannosaurus rex in the main game, while the playfield includes a mastodon, a Slurpasaur, and a Whateversaurus.
  • In Zaccaria's Time Machine, dinosaurs in the past include a tyrannosaurus, a triceratops, a beaked pterosaur, a duckbilled hadrosaur, and a giant serpent.

    Tabletop Games 
  • Dungeons & Dragons: The "Dinosaur" entry in any Monster Manual has these. Tyrannosaurus rex and Triceratops are included in virtually every edition, but many of the others listed above get included, such as Deinonychus, plesiosaurs, Pteranodon, and Ankylosaurus. Supplements may include any Stock Dinos that were left out of the MM, as well as a few Seldom-Seen Species. Additionally, stats for Cenozoic fauna like mammoths, sabertooth cats, cave bears, dire wolves, terror birds (as "axe beaks"), and Megalodon exist in most editions.
  • Exalted:
    • Tyrant lizards are Exalted's version of Tyrannosaurus rex', while claw striders are standard featherless raptors.
    • Ox-dragons, massive reptilian herbivores with two long horns on their brows, a shorter horn on their snout, a bony neck-frill and a strong beak, are clearly inspired by Triceratops.
    • Siege lizards, with their stupidity, spiked tails and backs lined by plates of bone, are Exalted's version of Stegosaurus.
    • Among the ice age mammals, mammoths and saber-toothed tigers also show up as part of the Northern fauna. Giant ground sloths — know here as emperor sloths — are stated to live deep in the Eastern forests.
  • Pathfinder's Bestiary has stats for Tyrannosaurus rex, Triceratops, Brachiosaurus, Ankylosaurus, Stegosaurus, Deinonychus, Pteranodon, and Elasmosaurus. The later bestiaries fill out most of the other Stock Dinos and add Seldom-Seen Species like Therizinosaurus, Amargasaurus, Kentrosaurus, and Ceratosaurus. Additionally, Cenozoic creatures are usually statted up as under "Megafauna" (like Glyptodon, Megatherium, and Megaloceros) or as Dire Beasts (cave bears are dire bears, sabertooth cats are dire tigers, and Megalodon is the dire shark, etc.).
  • Weird N Wild Creatures [1], a now-defunct series of children's fact & trading cards that focused on living, extinct & mythical creatures and ran from 2003-2006, zig-zagged this trope in its Monsters of the Past category. Popular creatures like Tyrannosaurus, Triceratops, Smilodon & Mammut were featured, as well as more obscure animals like the megalosaur Eustreptospondylus, the ankylosaur Edmontonia, the snake Gigantophis & even the fish Dapedium.

  • Transformers:
    • The Dinobots transform into a Tyrannosaurus rex, Triceratops, Brontosaurus, Stegosaurus and Pteranodon. Other characters with dinosaur alt-modes followed, mostly using the dinosaurs popularized by the Dinobots (with the exception of Sludge, the Brontosaurus) - for instance, Megatron in the animal-themed Beast Wars was a T. rex, and both a Mini-Con team and the Transformers Animated version of the Dinobots were each a trio of a T. rex, a Triceratops, and a Pteranodon. The Age of Extinction version of the team adds a Velociraptor and Spinosaurus while updating the "Brontosaurus" into an Apatosaurus and making the Pteranodon a two-headed variant for some reason.
    • However, exceptions occurred, especially in the aforementioned Beast Wars: Dinobot (an inaccurate Velociraptor, way before one got added to the Dinobots proper), Hardhead (Pachycephalosaurus, whose toy was retooled from Dinobot's... so it was a weird Pachycephalosaurus), Bazooka (Ankylosaurus), Archadis (Archaeopteryx) and Magmatron (who had three beast modes: Giganotosaurus, Elasmosaurus and Quetzalcoatlus). Nearly all of these characters were exclusive to the Japanese fiction, although the toys got released in the US (where Magmatron's three beast modes were misidentified horribly. How does a Giganotosaurus get confused with a raptor, anyway?).
    • A "Power Core Combiners" line, featuring "Commander" bots that can combine with sets of drones, managed to make a Dinobot team with no species overlap with the established one: the Commander, Grimstone, is a Styracosaurus, and his drones are a Dimetrodon, a Parasaurolophus, a Pachycephalosaurus, and an Ankylosaurus.
  • LEGO has examples aplenty:
    • The dinosaur-subtheme of Adventurers had adult and hatchling Tyrannosaurus, Triceratops, Stegosaurus and the kind of "Pteranodon" that's nowadays known as Geosternbergia. There were no raptors, unfortunately, but a dead one did appear in an image in the building manuals, which had a section dedicated to dino science.
    • Dinosaurs, a line featuring four basic, giant-sized action figures which could be rebuilt into other stock dinos or even Seldom-Seen Species. These were:
      • TyrannosaurusSpinosaurus, Parasaurolophus and Ouranosaurus
      • StyracosaurusTriceratops, Centrosaurus and Camarasaurus
      • BrachiosaurusDiplodocus, Plateosaurus and Plesiosaurus
      • MosasaurusPostosuchus, Dimetrodon and Iguanodon
      • There were also promo sets of prehistoric babies sold in polybags: Iguanodon, Brachiosaurus, Ankylosaurus and Dimetrodon
    • LEGO Studios had two sets dedicated to Jurassic Park III, and these had Spinosaurus (just a recolor of the original Dinosaurs model), as well as a laughable-looking block-Pteranodon and block-raptors (may be justified in that they were meant to represent fake dinos on a movie set).
    • ''Dino 2010'' and its US-counterpart ''Dino Attack'' had "mutant lizards", a "raptor", a clear Ptero Soarer and a "T-Rex". These were all supposed to be mutant freaks, so apart from the only even slightly recognizable dino of the bunch (T-Rex), it's pretty much impossible to deduce what species they might have originally been.
    • Dino, an action-oriented setline has Tyrannosaurus, Triceratops, Pteranodon, some kind of raptor and a somewhat unexpected Coelophysis.
  • The (mostly) unreleased "Doom Island" series of Godzilla toys by Trendmasters was planned to take advantage of the post-Jurassic Park dinosaur craze and feature mutated dinosaurs. These included T-Rex, ankylosaurs, a stegosaurus, and 'raptors'.

    Video Games 
  • The Archotek Project: Includes various specimens of the usual, along with some Seldom-Seen Species.
  • Dinosaur Safari has the usual ones. Pterosaurs, therapods, sauropods, duckbill dinosaurs, etc. Of course, it also has a few you don't often see in dinosaur games.
  • Star Fox Adventures had six stock "dinosaur" tribes: Triceratops, Tyrannosaurusnote , Apatosaurus, Pteranodon with a really long tail, Woolly Mammoth (sigh...), and humanoid mutants. However, they avert this with a nodosaur tribe.
  • Primal Rage featured two Palette Swapped T. rexes named Diablo and Sauron and a dromeosaur named Talon, who was actually depicted with feathers. Armadon and Vertigo were both Mix-and-Match Critters, the former being a bipedal ceratopsian/ankylosaur/stegosaur hybrid while the latter was based of the more obscure Sellosaurus with a bit of cobra thrown in. The other two main characters, Blizzard and Chaos, on the other hand, were giant apes instead of dinosaurs.
  • While the Pokémon games do have stock dinosaurs (such as Aerodactyl = Pterosaur, Rhyperior = Ankylosaur/Theropod/Rhinoceros, etc.), there's also more obscure species/genera in there; Sceptile, for example, resembles the REAL Dilophosaurus.
    • The Pokémon actually revived from fossils generally avert this. Aerodactyl is mentioned above, Rampardos and Bastiodon are the stock pachycephalosaur and ceratopsian, and Archeops is an archaeopteryx, but Omastar is an ammonite, Kabutops is a horseshoe crab, Cradily is a sea pen, and Armaldo is, amazingly, an anomalocarid, and Carracosta could have been based on a number of prehistoric sea turtle such as Archelon.
    • The 6th-generation fossil Pokémon, however, are both based on stocks: Tyrunt and Tyrantrum are based on Tyrannosaurus rex, and Amaura and Aurorus are based on sauropods (though Tropius has covered this ground already).
      • Though Amaura and Aurorus are clearly based on Amargasaurus rather than Apatosaurus, since the fossil used to resurrect them is their signature "sail" vertebra spines.
      • Commendably, Tyrantrum is depicted with an impressive "mane" and pseudo-beard of feathers and Amaura/Aurorus come from polar regions, alluding to oft forgotten polar dinosaurs (although Amargasaurus is not known from polar regions itself).
    • The eighth generation Fossil Pokémon are a mixed bag (literally). The "Draco-" and "-zolt" halves appear to be based on famous stock dinosaurs, a stegosaur and raptor respectively, while the "-vish" and "Arcto-" halves are based on lesser stock prehistoric sea creatures, a Dunkleosteus and plesiosaurnote  respectively.
      • There's also the Dreepy line, which aren't Fossil Pokémon, but clearly based on the rare stock amphibian Diplocaulus and explicitly stated to have survived from prehistoric times (by becoming ghosts).
  • Super Mario Bros. only had few dinosaurs in its long run, most of them appearing in Super Mario World and its Dinosaur's Land and it mostly zigzags the trope. Reznors are obvious Triceratops (though fire-breathing) while the other dino-like creatures like the Rexes and the Blarggs are completely made-up. However the Dino-Rhinos/Torches, even if they breath fire too, seem to be based on the less common Protoceratops.
    • Yoshis and Birdos drew inspiration from the Theropod line but without any specific traits who could relate them to an existing species. Both of them had a subtle Anthropomorphic Shift over the years to make them stand more straight, which was lampshaded by Masahiro Sakurai during the development of Super Smash Bros. for Wii U and 3DS. note 
    • There is also Dorrie, Super Mario 64's Stock Ness Monster who has some similarities with the Plesiosaur (like most Nessie expies). It's spiritual successor however, Plessie from Super Mario 3D World, is a grotesque cartoon character who shares more similiraties with Yoshi.
    • The adaptations of the games are less subtle to say the least, between the Super Mario World cartoon and its several 1 Million B.C. tropes and Anachronism Stew (the latter could be forgiven by the fact that the setting is a Lost World), and the infamous movie depicting dinosaurs (like the stock Triceratops and Diplodocus in the intro) looking like humans after millennia of evolution in an alternate dimension.
    • Super Mario Odyssey features two actual dinosaurs: Tyrannosaurus (which you can take control of) and Triceratops (only appearing as a giant skeleton crowning the Cascade Kingdom).
  • Dino Crisis at first features Stock Dinosaurs: Tyrannosaurus, Velociraptor (Jurassic Park sized), Compsognathus and Pteranodon, but also features the weirdest of the weird Therizinosaurus (albeit not as large as we now know it to be, and predatory).
    • Dino Crisis 2 adds Giganotosaurus, Allosaurus, Oviraptor, Triceratops, Inostrancevia (a gorgonopsid of some size), Mosasaurus and Plesiosaurus.
    • Dino Crisis 3... has dinosaur-derived genetic experiments.
  • Fossil Fighters uses many of the stock favorites as rare and special characters, while the game's Com Mons (and some of the more powerful types) tend to be more obscure dinos. Although your "starter" in the first game is always an Altispinax, you get to answer a series of questions at the beginning in order to pick a stock dinosaur that is "special" to you (such as Triceratops, Maiasaura, Parasaurolophus, etc).
  • Jurassic Park: Operation Genesis, as a Jurassic Park simulator, includes stock species, but it actually ranks them according to the actual popularity in the real world (with an obvious Jurassic Park bias). Stock species include Tyrannosaurus, Triceratops, Stegosaurus, Ankylosaurus, Brachiosaurus, Velociraptor, Allosaurus, Spinosaurus, Pachycephalosaurus, Parasaurolophus (along with Corythosaurus and Edmontosaurus) and Gallimimus; as well as the seldom-seen Styracosaurus, Dilophosaurus (it IS Jurassic Park, after all) and Ceratosaurus, but some choices are quite rare, such as Acrocanthosaurus, Carcharodontosaurus, Albertosaurus, Ouranosaurus, Camarasaurus, Torosaurus, Kentrosaurus, Homalocephale (for some reason MORE popular that Pachycephalosaurus) and Dryosaurus, whose popularity is so low that they may as well account for some expensive and prone to die ambient.
    • Examination of the game files show several Dummied Out species, and those include both stock and non-stock species: Deinonychus, Ornithomimus, Iguanodon, Apatosaurus and Diplodocus are the most striking ones, but there are also familiar faces such as Baryonyx, Maiasaura and Tenontosaurus, as well as really rare dinosaurs such as Alioramus, Yangchuanosaurus, Panoplosaurus, Wuerhosaurus and Thescelosaurus.
  • The spiritual successor Jurassic World: Evolution has Acrocanthosaurus, Albertosaurus, Allosaurus, Ankylosaurus, Apatosaurus, Baryonyx, Brachiosaurus, Camarasaurus, Carcharodontosaurus, Carnotaurus, Ceratosaurus, Chasmosaurus, Compsognathus, Corythosaurus, Deinonychus, Dilophosaurus, Diplodocus, Dryosaurus, Edmontosaurus, Euoplocephalus, Gallimimus, Giganotosaurus, Herrerasaurus, Iguanodon, Kentrosaurus, Maiasaura, Mamenchisaurus, Nodosaurus, Ouranosaurus, Pachycephalosaurus, Parasaurolophus, Polacanthus, Spinosaurus, Stegosaurus, Struthiomimus, Styracosaurus, Torosaurus, Triceratops, Troodon, Tyrannosaurus rex, and Velociraptor. The non-dinosaur flying reptile Pteranodon is also confirmed to be in the game.
  • Jurassic Park: The Game features most of the classic stock dinos from the film series (well, the first two movies, anyway), along with newcomers Herrerasaurus, Troodon, and a mosasaur for a particularly terrifying underwater sequence.
  • Dino D-Day subverts the trope by having (of a total seven dino classes) only two "stock" dinos: Velociraptor and Tyrannosaurus rex. The other five are the Dilophosaurus, Desmatosuchus, Stygimoloch, Protoceratops, and Styracosaurus.
  • Several zones in World of Warcraft include stock dinosaur Expies:
    • Trolls use raptors as their default mount, and one of the beginner pets for troll hunters is a raptor.
    • Most prominent is Un'Goro Crater, which includes T. rex, raptors, Stegosaurus, and pterodactyls (and Dimetrodon).
    • Mists of Pandaria introduces some new varieties of stock dinosaur Expys, including direhorns (Triceratops), Compy (Compsognathus), and a new pterodactyl model.
  • Asura's Wrath: Gohma Strikers seem like Stock Brachiosaurus at first due to their shape, but this is actually a subversion: they are actually creatures with the body of a turtle and the head of a king cobra, but it invokes the look of a stock sauropod, thus the subversion.
  • Zoo Tycoon: The second game features stock dinosaurs, but also many more obscure species.
  • The Elder Scrolls:
    • Throughout the series are Clannfear, a form of lesser Daedra with animalistic intelligence and the general appearance of raptors with ceratopsid frills and beaks. As Daedra, they are technically immortal beings who can manifest in any form they choose, and no reason is ever given for their appearance. As far as can be told, Nirn never had dinosaurs.
    • There are no dinosaurs in Skyrim, but plenty of Pleistocene fauna. You can encounter woolly mammoths, sabretoothed cats (called just sabrecats, for brevity) and cave bears.
  • Dino System currently only has Triceratops, Tyrannosaurus and Ankylosaurus, but other animals are planned to be added in the future. Alphodon, azdarchid pterosaurs and Troodon are currently listed for the future and the developers stated community feedback will influence whatever else is added.
  • ARK: Survival Evolved has Tyrannosaurus, Triceratops, Brontosaurus, Stegosaurus, Ankylosaurus, Spinosaurus, Parasaurolophus, Utahraptor, Iguanodon, Allosaurus, Pteranodon, Quetzalcoatlus, Sarcosuchus (for giant crocs), Elasmosaurus, Icthyosaurus, Mosasaurus, Carcharocles megalodon, Meganeura, Dimetrodon, woolly mammoths, sabertooth cats, dire wolves, woolly rhinos, giant ground sloths, and trilobites. There are also numerous lesser-seen animals in the game though.
  • Saurian: Played with. On one hand, since it takes place in the famous and well-studied Hell Creek Formation, we have the obligatory Tyrannosaurus rex and Triceratops as playable dinosaurs. We also have Ankylosaurus, Pachycephalosaurus, Edmontosaurus (referred to as "Anatosaurus" by the devs), and the non-dinosaurs Quetzalcoatlus and Mosasaurus. On the other hand, there are plenty of more obscure genera such as Dakotaraptor, Acheroraptor, and Anzu, a lot of them due to being recently discovered — in some cases while the game was in production. Also, the Triceratops species featured is T. prorsus instead of the more popular T. horridus, and the Quetzalcoatlus is an unidentified but distinct species rather than the larger and more popular Q. northropi.
  • Warpath: Jurassic Park featured the usual platoon of stock dinosaurs (including a "Megaraptor" depicted as an up-scaled Velociraptor in the style of the franchise, making its depiction a veritable trainwreck of scientific inaccuracy), but also featured some that both at the time and since have been little-seen. Examples of the less commonly depicted dinosaurs in the game include Suchomimus tenerensis, Acrocanthosaurus, Carcharodontosaurus, Stygimoloch and Cryolophosaurus.
  • Dino Run, being set in Cretaceous era, has plenty of those. The player character is a stock raptor, and the others are Ankylosaurus, Brontosaurus, Diplodocus, Pachylocephalosaurus, Parasaurolophus, Pteranodon, Stegosaurus, and Triceratops. The eggs of other Stock Dinosaurs, such as Spinosaurus or Iguanodon, can also be found.

  • The Adventures of Dr. McNinja features Paeleontologist Raptor Banditos, one of whom becomes his sidekick. It's also worth noting that when the author was e-mailed about a Velociraptor being more like a "Deinonychus, or a Utahraptor''", he lampshaded it, responding "I just want to let you know that all that real life dinosaur stuff is crazy confusing in my brain, and I'm just going by the Jurassic Park version."
  • Irregular Webcomic! has the Allosaurus... as the President of the United States of America. And he just beat Cthulhu (we hope) for second term.
  • Dinosaur Comics has three stock dinosaur appearing in each issue: Tyrannosaurus rex, a dromeosaurid and an ornithomimid. The last two are aversions if you count the genera: the dromeosaur is Utahraptor and the ostrich mimic dino is Dromiceiomimus (the least famous of the three North American ornithomimids).
  • Chaff City: Averted — Dromaeosaurus, Carcharodontosaurus and what appears to be a Carnotaurus have all made recent appearances in the strip.
  • Manly Guys Doing Manly Things have Jet's quintet of velociraptors. They're portrayed as colorful, fully feathered fat birds (or as Jones put it, toothy roosters) as opposed to the scaly reptilitan portrayals often used. Coelasquid freely admitted she just wanted to draw fatbird velociraptors. They also at some point accepted a modern day turkey as their alpha.
  • Fifteen Minds: The dino from Blue Moon Blossom is a cutesy long-necked sauropod with some plesiosaur characteristics whose legs and tail are never shown, and also the only non-avian dinosaur depicted in the story. They can also apparently swim and dive without the scuba gear that the bunny needs, and is perfectly okay walking through snow, which may double as early hints that the dino isn't quite normal or all they seem to be.

    Web Original 
  • DSBT InsaniT: Rumble, Balloon's pet Ankylosaurus, and Shredder, Seth's pet raptor.
  • The Tyrannosaur Chronicles: Partially averted. There aren't too many Great/Middle Stock Dinosaurs (Tyrannosaurus, Deinonychus, Velociraptor, Stegosaurus, Styracosaurus), while Little-Stock / Non-Stock animals are numerous (Albertosaurus, Centrosaurus, Lambeosaurus, Oviraptor, Giganotosaurus, Leaellynasaura, Troodon, Daspletosaurus, Hypacrosaurus, Thescelosaurus, Saurornithoides and the enigmatic Serendipaceratops).

    Western Animation 
  • The Oldest Animated Dinosaur is Gertie the Dinosaur. She's a Diplodocus. In 1914, it was a very popular dinosaur, partly because Steel Mogul Andrew Carnegie had one named after himself and balyhoo'd it.
  • Will Vinton's claymation edutainment film Dinosaur! (1980) has many pieces of humor, and as many dinosaurs. Tyrannosaurus, Styracosaurus, Brachiosaurus, Diplodocus, Ankylosaurus, Stegosaurus, Apatosaurus, brachiosaur-like Supersaurus, Triceratops, Quetzalcoatlus, Corythosaurus, Struthiomimus and possibly Coelophysis.
  • The Dino-Riders franchise had dinosaurs from virtually everywhere, plus the obligatory pterosaurs and Dimetrodon. A spinoff line of prehistoric mammals provided another example of this trope, with an entelodont (giant pig thing) alongside a giant ground sloth, sabertoothed cat, and woolly mammoth. Then again, this is a series that concerns the exploits of aliens waging war on prehistoric Earth with the help — voluntary in the case of the good guys, not so much in the case of the bad guys — of the animals. Rule of Cool heals many a wound.
  • For the record, in Dino Squad, a Velociraptor is the villain and another is on the protagonists' side. The teens' dino forms are Tyrannosaurus, Stegosaurus, Spinosaurus, Styracosaurus, and Pteranodon. Or so the official Web site says, but they've gotten species wrong at least once, reportedly. Just saying.
  • The otherwise typical 80s animated series Dinosaucers took a unique approach to this; each hero was a different type of stock dinosaur, with an Evil Counterpart of a different, roughly comparable species. The Hero was an Allosaurus, the Big Bad was a Tyrannosaurus rex, and so on.
  • Steggy from the Chip 'n Dale: Rescue Rangers episode "Prehysterical Pet" is a space-traveling Stegosaurus that is usually smaller than a Chihuahua, but quite smart (although even in that state he voluntarily acts like a dog). It is Earth's food that causes both his body to grow and his brain to shrink, and he needs food from his (and the other late Jurassic dinos') homeworld to return to normal.
  • Nicely averted in the Jim Henson series Dinosaur Train- while the main character is a T. rex, some of the lesser known dinosaurs like Stygimoloch, Daspletosaurus, and Euoplocephalus all have episodes devoted to them.
  • Granted they're mechanical, but Transformers invokes this with the Dinobots. We've got Grimlock (T. rex), Slag (Triceratops), Sludge (Brontosaurus/Apatosaurus), and Snarl (Stegosaurus). Swoop technically doesn't count since he is a Pteranodon. On the Decepticon side there was Trypticon, whose robot mode was a Godzilla-sized T. rex. Bonus points for actually looking like Godzilla.
  • Il était une fois...: The first episode of Once Upon A Time... Man features Archaeopteryx, Stegosaurus (erroneously shown with six spikes on its tail), Allosaurus, Brontosaurus, Diplodocus, Brachiosaurus, Elasmosaurus, Pteranodon, Tylosaurus, Edmontosaurus (then called Anatosaurus and here incorrectly shown with a crest), Triceratops, and Tyrannosaurus rex.

  • Dinamation (a Portmanteau of Din[osaur] A[ni]mation) was a company which built and exibited robotic dinosaurs in museums worldwide from 1986 to 2001. Its moving/roaring dinos are generally stock, see the list on The Other Wiki.
  • Canadian basketball team from Toronto has been named Toronto Raptors: another gift Spielberg has given to us for some. The "raptors", however, could actually be the birds.
  • A Dutch metal group formed in 1992 (slightly before the Jurassic Park film, and still in activity) chose to be named Deinonychus.
  • "But even a much older gent - Sees itself forced to wander - Goes by the name Diplodocus - And belongs among the fossils - Mr. Carnegie packs him joyfully - In giant arcs - And sends him as gift this way - To multiple monarchs" This is the translation of a a little poem written in Germany in early 1900, celebrating the diplo's skeleton gifted by Carnegie to a local museum.
  • Creationist hoaxes intended to "disprove evolution" by showing humans and dinosaurs living together in purported ancient rock paintings and pottery invariably show the dinosaurs everyone is familiar with: Brontosaurus, Tyrannosaurus, Triceratops and Stegosaurus.
  • In a way, western North America at the very end of the Cretaceous could be seen as the one time and place that has everything everybody expects from a Mesozoic landscape; along with the iconic Tyrannosaurus rex and Triceratops, we have at least two duckbills (Edmontosaurus for the non-crested variety and Augustynolophus for the crested variety), a sauropod (Alamosaurus), armored dreadnoughts (the ankylosaurs Ankylosaurus and Edmontonia), three different flavors of "raptor" (Acheroraptor for the "tiny terror" variety, Dakotaraptor for the six foot tall raptors and Anzu as the token oviraptorid), ostrich dinosaurs (Ornithomimus and Struthiomimus), a giant pterosaur (Quetzalcoatlus), head-butting dinosaurs (Pachycephalosaurus, Stygimiloch and Dracorex, though they all might be different growth stages of the same animal), a small running animal that acts as prey fodder (Thescelosaurus), some early birds (Brodavis and Avisaurus), a couple of early mammals (Didelphodon and Alphadon), sea monsters (mosasaurs) among others. Additionally, it had a tropical climate and was doomed. The only "stock characters" missing, arguably, were the stegosaurs and the small pterosaurs, both of which had become extinct by that time (and the stegosaurs are easily substituted by the ankylosaurs).


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