Remind everyone of what's goin' on.
And with every shot show a little improvement
To show it all would take too long.
That's called a montage!
Ooh, we wanna montage!"
A montage (literally "putting together") is a form consisting of a series of short shots which are edited into a coherent sequence. Or at least coherence was intended.
Note that it takes more than a lack of dialogue and some overlaid music to be a montage. Montage is generally considered to be the opposite of Continuity Editing, so discontinuity is key. If the shots are short, but one flows into the next in real time, it's not a montage, it's just a tense scene.
- Anger Montage
- Apocalyptic Montage
- Aspect Montage
- A-Team Montage
- Avengers, Assemble!: The members of a hero team are signaled to come together and we see a montage of every individual member being summoned by the call and having to stop whatever they were currently doing.
- Binge Montage
- Blade-of-Grass Montage
- Boredom Montage
- Clip Show: A television episode consisting mainly of recycled footage from earlier episodes.
- Contrast Montage
- Conversation Cut
- Costume-Test Montage
- Creation Sequence
- Credits Montage
- Death Montage: A montage where a character repeatedly dies.
- Drunken Montage
- Exploding Calendar
- Failure Montage
- Falling-in-Love Montage
- Fan Edit
- Fashion-Shop Fashion Show
- Flashback-Montage Realization
- Fully Automatic Clip Show
- Gilligan Cut: A character insists they won't do something. By the next scene, they're doing or have done exactly what they said they wouldn't.
- Gluttony Montage
- Good-Times Montage
- Happier Times Montage
- Hard-Work Montage
- Indestructibility Montage
- Interrogation Montage
- Kuleshov Effect
- Lipstick-and-Load Montage
- Lock-and-Load Montage
- Lost Love Montage
- Loved Ones Montage
- Madness Montage
- Makeover Montage
- Montage Ends the VHS
- Montage Out
- Mugshot Montage
- Musical Slapstick Montage
- "Nations of the World" Montage
- Obituary Montage
- Odessa Steps
- On Patrol Montage
- On the Next: Every episode of a television show ends with a sneak peek of scenes from the next episode.
- Opening Monologue
- Photo Montage
- Previously On : The later parts of a multi-part episode each begin with a few clips of the earlier parts so that new viewers can be brought up to speed on what's happened so far without having to watch the earlier parts first.
- Progressive Era Montage
- Really Dead Montage: After a character is killed off, a montage of scenes where they were still alive is played solely to emphasize that the character isn't coming back and that their death is permanent.
- Recovery Sequence
- Right Now Montage
- Robotic Assembly Lines
- Sad-Times Montage
- Sex Montage
- Shopping Montage
- Spinning Clock Hands
- Spinning Paper: Newspapers spin into view with front page headlines relevant to the developments of the episode's plot.
- Storyboarding the Apocalypse
- Terrible Interviewees Montage: A montage where various people are interviewed for an available job, with each applicant proving that they are very unqualified.
- Time-Compression Montage
- Time Lapse
- Time Passes Montage
- Title Montage
- Training Montage: A montage of a person undergoing training to prepare for something.
- Travelling Salesman Montage
- Travel Montage
- Unfolding Plan Montage
- Unguided Lab Tour
- Writer's Block Montage
- Experimental filmmaker Bruce Conner's films, such as A Movie and Report, are full of Montages (as are Arthur Lipsett and others).
- Award-winning short film Precious Image is one long montage from beginning to end, being a compilation of all of cinema history as presented in a collage of film clips.
- Frank Film, the Oscar winning animated short from Frank Mouris using cut-outs from old magazines.
- American surrealist master Joseph Cornell's Rose Horbart, The Aviary and By Night with Torch and Spear.
- Koyaanisqatsi, or Life Out of Balance all in one Montage.
- Sergei Eisenstein, if he didn't invent the montage at least perfected it.
- One particular sequence, in October (also known as Ten Days the Shook the World), 1928, there is a sequence where single frames of the muzzle of a machine gun and of the gunner are alternated. There is also a sequence which violates part of the given definition, where shots of three stone lions in different positions appear as a single statue spring to its feet.
- Also check out The Battleship Potemkin (its infamous Odessa Steps sequence listed above).
- Strike ends with shots of the striking workers being massacred intercut with a graphic film clip of a cow being slaughtered.
- An example that doesn't really fit in any of the sub categories (though its close to Slapstick) is a Seinfeld episode where George is believed to be handicapped at his new job, and goes through a montage while "My Baby Takes The Morning Train" plays, showing him accidentally tripping a coworker with his cane, being carried by another, and then goofing off sword-fighting with his cane until caught-he throws the cane down and acts like he's injured.
- Special mention: Homestar Runner spoofed these in the Strong Bad Email "montage". After a fan asked him if he could "creat a montage" (sic), Strong Bad did four montages, all involving a "wagon fulla pancakes". One had Strong Bad and the wagon just hanging out, another had Strong Bad falling in love with the Wagon Fulla Pancakes, the third had The Cheat and the Wagon Fulla Pancakes as "down-on-their-luck door-to-door salesmen", and the last one was a Training Montage with the Wagon Fulla Pancakes "training for the champeenship" and besting Homestar. And to top it all off, he did an end credits Photo Montage, complete with captions out of a "Where Are They Now?" Epilogue.
Strong Bad: Those were some good montages, eh Watered Down? That was like, a montage of montages.
- The biopic The Life and Death of Peter Sellers is rife with these: a Time-Compression Montage charting his rise to U.K. film stardom, a Falling-in-Love Montage for his courtship of Britt Ekland, a Madness Montage when she leaves him that becomes a Time-Compression Montage (the film moves from the late 1960s to the mid-1970s), a Happier Home Movie sequence, and finally an Anger Montage (burning his old film memorabilia) intercut with a version of Writer's Block Montage (trying to find the character of Chance the Gardener). Whew!
- The films of Fernando Meirelles feature many montage sequences.
- Roughly 90% of City of God is composed of montage sequences, including Lock-and-Load Montage and a Time Passes Montage that spans the entire history of drugdealing in an apartment.
- The Constant Gardener features both a Falling-in-Love Montage and a Lost Love Montage for the same person. It also features a Hard-Work Montage.
- Robot Chicken manages to create the Anthropomorphic Personification of the montage as... the superhero, Montage!
- This Cracked article contains the outline for a quite a few.
- Both The Simpsons and Futurama use musical montages all the time, usually with licensed songs.
- The Sound of Music has two montages involving Maria and the children: one following "My Favorite Things," and another that makes the endless repeats of "Do-Re-Mi" considerably less boring.
- Arrested Development episode "Making a Stand" has two sequences which parody musical montages. In the first, the narrator complains that even with music over the top, the sequence of images wasn't funny; he says it would have been better with "Yellow Submarine", but they couldn't afford that. The second montage has similar complaints from the narrator and a cheaper song about a yellow boat.
- The literal Montage number from A Chorus Line (more commonly known as "Hello 12, Hello 13, Hello Love") stitches together 4 songs to tell 17 dancers' adolescences.
- Ultra Fast Pony frequently uses and spoofs montages.
Rarity: Oh, Opalescence, today has not been my day. Why, not even a montage would cheer me up.
- The episode "Winning" has the caption: "Montages... for when I'm too lazy to write anything."
- Then "Saying Words" has this one:
[The first notes of "Becoming Popular" play.]
Rarity: Whoa whoa whoa whoa, hey, hey stop the music! What are you doing? I told you a montage wouldn't work!
- For Lupin III: Dead or Alive, we are treated to an information gathering montage as Olèander tries to find out if Pannish is really alive or not. The audience hears a nice walking song, while Olèander spends all day searching the city. She starts from the market, but by the end of the day, she's walking around in the shady parts of the city.
- In Irrelevator there is a poop/fart montage. ◊
- In Fiorello!, a newsreel summarizes Fiorello's exploits as a pilot in World War I
- Chuck Workman won an Oscar for Precious Images, a Film Montage Of Awesome.