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"And as often as you reflect how much power you have over a slave, remember that your master has just as much power over you. 'But I have no master', you say. You are still young; perhaps you will have one. Do you not know at what age Hecuba entered captivity, or Croesus, or the mother of Darius, or Plato, or Diogenes?"
Seneca
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The main character ends up a slave at some point in the story. It doesn't necessarily stick.

There is often a scene in which the character is sold in the Slave Market, showcasing all the evils of slavery; the protagonist will witness how families are torn apart, will have to undress and be examined like an animal, and will perhaps be beaten. (Artists are particulary fond of the undress and be examined stage, for some reason. Especially for young women.) If he looks strong, he will be told that he will go to the galleys or the mines — a Fate Worse than Death — or perhaps to the Gladiator Games. If she (or occasionally he) is attractive, she will be told that she will make a buyer very happy indeed...

If they’re lucky, slaves will be bought for a certain skill or craft they possess. If they're really lucky, they will be bought by someone who intends to set them free when no one is looking.note  If they’re unlucky, they’ll be bought by someone who works his slaves to death or by a lecher or end up as gladiators.

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If the character is female, this trope will probably lead to Go-Go Enslavement.

This is a common plot element in hentai and doujinshi, where the female victims are usually either blackmailed, drugged, or brainwashed into becoming Sex Slaves to their tormentors. This usually results in breaking the victims until they resign themselves to their fate or they snap and learn to love it.

The Back Story of many if not most slave major characters; very few are Born into Slavery, and most have a Secret Legacy of Blue Blood or Royal Blood.

Because We Will Use Manual Labor in the Future, this can occur even in futuristic scenarios. When it's done to an entire race, see Slave Race. They may be used as Slave Mooks or Sympathetic Sentient Weapons or be the target of Superhuman Trafficking as well. Can lead to Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death! or even I Die Free or Happiness in Slavery. Indentured Servitude is a specific form. When done as a form of punishment for wrongdoing, see Prisoner's Work and Working on the Chain Gang.

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Examples:

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    Anime & Manga 
  • Ai no Kusabi revolves around how Badass Biker Riki was forcibly Made A Sex Slave as a "Pet" through Break the Haughty and the effects it has on him, his master and his ex-lover.
  • Akagami no Shirayukihime: Kazuki ended up as a member of the vicious pirate group known as the Claws of the Sea when he was a child, and they sold him to some nobles who liked his Pretty Boy looks as "decoration". The reason he kindapped Shirayuki was because he thought she was being kept by nobles the same way and he didn't bother to talk to her before drugging her and "rescuing" her.
  • Attack on Titan:
    • Even in humanity's darkest hours, there are still some people making profit from selling others to the capital's underworld. Specifically this would have been the fate of Mikasa and her mother (if she wasn't killed) if not for Eren rescuing her and putting them down like the dogs they were.
    • The Eldians living in Marley are confined to internment camps, kept under strict watch and denied any sort of freedom or rights. This captive population is maintained because the backbone of the nation's military is the Titans, and each Eldian is a potential weapon.
  • Kino's Journey: This almost happens to Kino when she helps a group of slavers from a life-threatening situation without knowing their true vocation, and they respond by trying to enslave her even as they spout praises for her kindness.
  • Lupin III: Island of Assassins:
    • Ellen and her brother were sold into slavery as children, by their own father, who was an alcoholic. Which is how they were eventually conscripted by the Tarantulas and forced to become assassins.
    • Bomber and the other defectors were in the same boat, since the toxin contained in their tarantula tattoos made it so they couldn't leave the island. The only thing preventing it from killing them, was the island's natural gases and the only known antidote was in Gordeau's possession; leaving them no choice but to obey him.
  • Mahou Sensei Negima!:
    • Ako, Natsumi, and Akira sell themselves into slavery shortly after their arrival in the magic world to pay for a very ill Ako's expensive medicine. Tosaka abuses them on occasion, but their actual owner (a literal Mama Bear who's in charge of a tavern) beats the crap out of him for it. Even then, Tosaka only looks down on them because he was once a slave himself (and so was Mama, who knows him from these days). Negi eventually manages to buy their freedom, and that fires Tosaka's envy since it took him twenty years to buy his own freedom.
    • Later chapters reveal that the reason Jack Rakan is so crazy powerful is because he spent pretty much his whole life fighting as a gladiatorial slave, before winning his freedom and starting to fight in wars.
  • Mobile Suit Gundam: Iron-Blooded Orphans has this as a common enough practice in the poor Mars sphere that there is a name for it: Human Debris. We also get to see precisely what this entails. One of the leads, Akihiro, was kidnapped by pirates as a child, sold to the CGS, and forced into a risky procedure meant to improve combat reflexes. This has made him bitter and nihilistic. We later find out that something similar happened to his brother. One of the first things Kudelia does at the end of the series after becoming Chairwoman of Mars is abolish the Human Debris system.
  • Okane ga Nai: Ayase gets sold by an unscrupulous cousin to pay that cousin's Yakuza debts.
  • One Piece: Several characters on separate occasions. Among them we have Nami, Fisher Tiger and other Fishmen, the Gorgon sisters Hancock, Sandersonia and Marigold, Robin (When she was sent to Tequila Wolf), and even Silvers Rayleigh (Though in his case, it was on purpose so he could steal money from whoever was stupid enough to buy him).
  • +Anima: All four main characters are made into slaves when they go to Sailand. Senri is the only one sold at a slave market though.
  • Rurouni Kenshin:
    • Shinta is enslaved after his family and most of his village succumb to a cholera outbreak. Then the caravan was attacked by bandits and everyone but Shinta is slaughtered. Then Seijuuro Hiko steps into the scene, kills the bandits, and a short while later adopts Shinta as his pupil.
    • In the To Rule Flame prequel, centered on Yumi and the Juppongatana, two little girls that Yumi took care of in the Red Light District are captured by a paramilitary group that plans on selling them as slaves to foreign crews, who have "taken a fancy to Japanese things", like the two "porcelain dolls". Yumi foils this by pretty much selling her life to Shishio, who accepts to wipe out the group and send the little girls to safety in exchange.
  • Torikago Gakyuu: An interesting variant occurs when, after Mikage's Split Personality refuses to become Yuikai's slave, Yuikai himself offers to be Mikage's slave instead. In the chapters after this arc, he appears to like this arrangement just as well.
  • Trigun: An extant threat on Gunsmoke; never really applied to any of the main characters even as a possibility, although it's manga Legato's backstory...although apparently since he was young enough that he didn't even have a name until after Knives accidentally rescued him, and then chose to spare him and let him tag along. And then there was Woobie, Destroyer of Worlds. Although it's not the mainline slave trade, Wolfwood got adopted under false pretenses and then Strapped to an Operating Table; that they then armed him and sent him out as a professional hitman was kind of their bad judgment, except he never actually did turn on the Eye — just his 'master,' and then only to get a shot at the Omnicidal Maniac they had a contract to.
  • Vinland Saga has this happen to multiple characters. As it is set in the Viking Age, thralldom is common and viewed as simply a fact of life, and several of the current main characters amongst them Thorfinn are former thralls.
  • Yu-Gi-Oh!: In the backstory of the Dawn of the Duel arc, Priest Seto rescues Kisara from this fate at the hands of the brigands who destroyed his village and killed his parents. She repays him by unconsciously releasing her dragon spirit, which would eventually become his own ka and the spirit of Blue-Eyes White Dragon.

    Arts 

    Comic Books 
  • Asterix: Played for Laughs in "Asterix and the Laurel Wreath"; Asterix and Obelix need to infiltrate Roman society, so they apply to be slaves, much to the bewilderment of the slavemaster. Not that his other slaves took their roles seriously either. The British slave refused to let him sell off the protagonists until they had haggled for a decent price. (The slavemaster was ready to give the duo away for free, since they were causing trouble and beating up other slaves.)
  • In Barracuda, Maria, Emilio (who is disguised as a girl at the time) and Maria's mother Dona Emilia are captured by Blackdog and sold to slave dealer Ferrango who sells them on. Emilio is brought by Mr. Flynn, Dona Emilia by monks, and Ferrango keeps Maria as his personal property.
  • Conan the Barbarian: Zula was forced into slavery until he slew his former master.
  • DC Comics:
    • In Conqueror of the Barren Earth, Zhengla captures Jinal and makes her his slave temporarily. Then they became lovers and join forces to conquer the world together.
    • Teen Titans: Part of Starfire's backstory. Her evil sister betrayed their planet, Tamaran, and helped hostile aliens conquer it, and as part of the terms of their defeat, the Tamaranians were required to surrender Starfire, their princess, into slavery.
    • Green Lantern: Earth One: Hal Jordan, after his ring loses its power, is captured by the Manhunters and forced to work as a slave miner alongside many other aliens. They fail to take the ring from him and once it recharges, Hal leads to a lot of problems for them.
    • Superman series The Krypton Chronicles, which explores the history of Krypton and the House of El, tells how Sul-El and his son Hatu-El were freemen until the Vrangs conquered Krypton and enslaved its inhabitants. Sul remained a slave until his death, but his son Hatu led a slave revolt that liberated Krypton.
    • Wonder Woman:
      • Sensation Comics: Zara turned to a life of crime and homicidal misandry after her own father sold her into slavery.
      • Wonder Woman (1942):
      • It turns out (after Hypnota had been imprisoned and slavery outlawed on Saturn) that on the side Hypnota had been using her powers to brainwash people into being obedient slaves and then selling them to Saturnian slavers like Eviless, who are furious at the loss of revenue caused by their trade being made illegal.
      • Uvo has made every woman in his empire, and every one he captures in combat, into a slave.
      • Wonder Woman (1987): Natasha and Diana are made into slaves by the Sangtee Empire, and go on to escape and start a rebellion that forces the empire to abolish their practice of enslaving all (non-kreel) women. Some of their fellow revolutionaries/pirates were also captured and made slaves by the empire before Diana's revolt, but others were born into slavery.
  • In Jonah Hex, Jonah's father sold him into slavery with an Apache tribe at the age of 13, in 1851.
  • Judge Dredd: In the story "Dead Zone", Yodie and his girlfriend Belle are captured by a slave ring that forces people to mine the mass grave of Chaos Day victims to loot the corpses.
  • Marvel Comics:
    • Gambit had the misfortune of being a child slave twice. The first time, he was stolen from the hospital as a baby by the Thieves Guild and given to a child slave trafficker and sorceror known as The Antiquary. The second time, the Thieves Guild's benefactress Candra caught him and his cousin sneaking into her home and sold him to a disgusting, monstrous creature known as The Pig, who sold children to Hydra as soldiers. It was in escaping The Pig that Gambit learned to use playing cards as weapons.
    • Several mutant heroes were subjected to this by the government of Genosia (a nation where mutants were a Slave Race); victims have included Wolverine, Rogue, and their ally Madelyne Pryor (who were simply kidnapped) and later Storm, Meltdown, Rictor and Wolfsbane who were kidnapped and brainwashed, the resulting rescue mission toppling the original government, which as it turned out, was allied with anti-mutant hate group leader Cameron Hodge. Genosha was eventually destroyed shortly after the destruction of the Legacy Virus, and is now an uninhabited wasteland; it is doubtful the threat will arise again.
  • In Star Wars The Clone Wars "Slaves of the Republic", Obi-Wan Kenobi, Anakin Skywalker, Ahsoka Tano and Clone Commander Rex. Anakin and Ahsoka sneak into Zygerria as master and slave, but then get caught for real. Anakin ends up a servant of the queen, and Ahsoka is taken to a place where a group of kidnapped Togrutans are waiting to be sold. Obi-wan and Rex get captured and sold to work in the mines. Naturally, everyone escapes in the end. It was adapted into a three episode arc of the Star Wars: The Clone Wars animated series.
  • ThunderCats (1985): In Thundercats — The Return, Lion-O enters a magical book to train and emerges ten years later to discover that the other Thundercats have been enslaved by Mumm-Ra and the mutants. Most of them have been put to work in mines, but Wilykit and Wilykat are Mumm-Ra's personal slaves, and he actually refers to Wilykit as his "concubine".
  • In Tragg and the Sky Gods, the majority of Tragg's tribe is enslaved by the Yargonians and forced to toil in the mines for them. Freeing them becomes one of Tragg's priorities.

    Comic Strips 
  • In Flash Gordon, Flash and other political prisoners are enslaved at the atomic furnace in the city of the hawkmen.

    Fairy Tales 
  • In Fair Brow, the protagonist buys an enslaved woman; later, he and an old man are enslaved.
  • In the German folk tale The Ice Child, a woman claimed to have been impregnated by ice while thinking of her absent husband. He raised the child for some years, took him on a journey, and sold him as a slave — claiming to his wife that the boy had melted.
  • In the Italian fairy tale The Slave Mother, a peasant woman is asked by an owl whether she would rather be happy in youth or age; after she chooses age, she is carried off by pirates. Her husband and sons find, somewhat later, a treasure and move to the city; one day they buy a slave — at the husband's insistence, an old woman who can manage their household. In due course they figure out that she's their mother.

    Fan Works 
  • A.A. Pessimal: This fate befalls attitudinal Horst Lensen in Gap Year Adventures. Horst is rescued by two Assassins' Guild colleagues who are on holiday in the area; they hit on a way of effecting a sort of rescue which is unorthodox, breaks no laws, does not involve killing anybody, and which involves an educative experience which Horst desperately needs.
  • A Diplomatic Visit:
    • In the last chapter of the sequel Diplomat at Large, this is effectively what happened to Trixie when she was crowned Queen of Dimondia, the crown preventing her from leaving. Twilight is not amused when she finds out and arranges to free her and appoint Jim, the Diamond Dogs' royal chancellor, as King (with a non-enchanted crown) in her place.
    • As revealed in chapter 6 of the second sequel, Diplomacy Through Schooling, this is what happened to Neighsay and other ponies captured by the one who drained their magic, being forced to mine for them so the slavers can make the tools they intend to use to overthrow the Equestrian government.
  • An Empire of Ice and Fire: Under Littlefinger's influence, Joffrey enslaves thousands of people, both native to Westeros and transported from Essos, and puts them to work building a giant pyramid as a monument to himself.
  • In The Fledgling Year, Cor was kidnapped by slavers and spent several chapters MIA as a result until Aravis and Hana rescued him. The brutality of his experience is especially poignant not just because he’s his country’s crown prince, but also because he was raised as a slave by an abusive adoptive father, who actually tried to sell him to someone else, until he ran away. Getting dragged back into that life would be a Fate Worse than Death for him more so than for any other character in the fic.
  • Game Of Doctors: In chapter 16, Gem Market, this almost happens to the 11th Doctor's companion Norine on the planet Sapphire, when she is kidnapped by the Quelta. This is apparently a common occurrence in the Gem Market. 11 rescues her and many other slaves.
  • In Lost Boy, not having been Born into Slavery, Hiccup was sold by his village as a tiff for peace against an invading tribe after his aunt and uncle die, where he is passed from village to village before he wound up in the whorehouse Stoick found him in.
  • Lost Storms: Stormy's Forgotten Past starts with Stormy being kidnapped by traffickers and sold to Murky. She eventually meets Rainbow Brite and escapes Murky.
  • Loved and Lost: Prince Jewelius usurps Equestria's throne and sentences Twilight's friends and brother to slavery as punishment for their "treason" of inadvertently letting the Changeling invasion take place. Applejack and Pinkie Pie become galley slaves, Rainbow Dash and Fluttershy are forced to fight as gladiators for the dragons' entertainment, and Rarity is sent to work in the Diamond Dogs' mines (again) along with Shining Armor. They're all rescued a week later by the three deposed princesses and Spike.
  • Marvel Comics: The fandom has enough slave fics to make their own subgenres, most notably "Loki becomes the slave of one (or more) of the Avengers", generally as punishment for his crimes during their titular movie, and "Loki becomes slave to Thor" (or vice versa) in various AUs that take place entirely on Asgard and/or Jotunheim. Though there are a smattering of "one (or more) of the Avengers becomes slave to Loki" as well.
    • Limmet's Poetic Justice (2013) is one of the genre codifiers, where Loki accepts slavery as the alternative to execution, but also expects his master (Tony Stark) to beat him up and likely turn him into a bed slave. When Tony gets the anger out of his system and gives Loki light housework instead, Loki gets increasingly troubled by his expectations, but it takes a long time before Tony figures out what exactly is getting under Loki's skin.
    • As You Wish (orphaned by an anonymous author) has Loki enslaved (by oath) to all the Avengers at once, but (unlike most such fics) he's still got his magic and relative freedom within that confine. But with the Avengers not well understanding how the oath works, and Loki refusing to "beg" (read: actually discuss the problems with them), he ends up laboring under a variety of restrictions such as "don't use the furniture," "don't use hot water," and "don't eat good food." The scenes where the Avengers come to grips with their own insensitivity are great, but the real knife to the gut is when Loki learns that the Avengers set up a room entirely for him, kitted out with a nice bed, a TV, and a ton of bespoke clothing (while he's been making due with one set of clothes and sleeping in the utility room), and realizes that they're not as bad as they seem — that he's been making a lot of his own misery.
    • Nonymos's Screaming Mute and Seeing Blind (2014) is a rare example of Loki being enslaved to Clint Barton, as well as one of the more brutal takes on the idea: If he fails to obey, or gets too far from his master, the rune on his cheek will start burning him until he's in compliance again (or dead, over the course of hours). That's just one of the inhuman punishments that Odin created for him.
    • EndlessStairway's Butterfly (2018) is an example of Loki as both slave (to Tony) and parent, trying to protect his child. Several slave Loki fics include a child, making use of the Intersex Loki idea (somewhat borrowed from mythology).
    • EndlessStairway's Tony's Thrall and kuzibah's The Thrall Prince are examples of slave Loki with a thrall collar that forces him to follow commands. Marzipanda's Things Left Buried uses the same collar, but eschews the typical sentence of slavery in favor of Loki stumbling across a trapped artifact and having to turn himself over to the Avengers to meet the criteria of the collar until they can find a way to remove it. In many such fics, the collar prevents Loki from communicating in certain ways, making the whole problem harder to solve.
    • As an example of a Marvel slave fic that doesn't involve Loki, Dira Sudis's Prima Nocta (series: All These Burning Hearts in Hell) fits in a Slavery AU where Tony Stark uses his resources to run a secret underground railroad to free slaves (while developing the reputation of being such a hard master that his slaves frequently die or disappear), and he happens across Steve Rogers (enslaved back when slavery was even worse) and Bucky Barnes (trained to be the perfect bed slave) at the same time, neither knowing that the other is in Tony's care. An intriguing exploration of how to deprogram someone that thoroughly traumatized, as well as some of the slavery-is-normal culture clashes (e.g. most slaves go on a protest strike during Independence Day).
  • Mr and Mrs Gold: Subverted. The Dark One is capable of giving others their mark, making them their Familiar and their slave. This process not only imbues them with a small amount of their power, but it gives them the ability to know when their master requires them. Rumpelstiltskin does this to Belle at their wedding not to enslave her, but to make sure that he could keep an eye on her and come when she needs him (and vice-versa).
  • The Pieces Lie Where They Fell: In Picking Up the Pieces, when Wind Breaker reads his Hatchery file, it's revealed that while many of the Hatchery griffons were essentially Born into Slavery (due to their eggs being sold by their parents, previous Hatchery griffons who did so in order to reduce their debt), Wind Breaker is among the many who were kidnapped from free griffons as infants or eggs and essentially sold to the Hatcheries.
  • RONMAN THE BARBARIAN!: This is the fate of Ronman and Ruthless after being on the losing side of the Battle of Go City. They free themselves soon enough. This happened to Wadelin, too, in the backstory.
  • Royal Pains, a Mystery Skulls Animated fanfic, features this trope as Arthur's backstory; he literally can't remember being anything but a slave. And a Sex Slave to boot.
  • Yognapped: In the second installment, Peva enslaves the surviving Yogscasters and forces them to work in his mines until they break bedrock, a seemingly impossible task. They accomplish it after nearly a month of work, resulting in Peva and the Ironstorm Remnants getting absolutely annihilated by the freed Herobrine. Peva survives, suffering a Villainous Breakdown after the incident.
  • Zim the Warlord: Irken Reversion: Played for Laughs, as Zim cheerfully intends to make Gaz his slave (or as he alternately says, his "trophy" or "pet") once he conquers Earth. Dib is horrified by this, but Gaz herself shrugs it off, not taking Zim seriously enough to feel threatened by the prospect.

    Films — Animation 

    Films — Live-Action 
  • 12 Years a Slave: The premise. Solomon Northup is a freeborn black man of New York, until he is drugged, kidnapped, and sold at auction as a Georgia runaway slave called Platt. He spends the next twelve years on three separate plantations, always seeking a path to return to his family.
  • In Against All Flags, Roc Brasiliano has the handmaidens he captured auctioned off as wives for the pirates of Diego Suarez.
  • Amistad: Zigzagged. Although John Quincy Adams successfully argues in a court of law that the Africans aboard the titular ship acted in self-defense and deserve to be set free instead of being sold off as salvaged cargo, the epilogue states that Cinque's family was likely captured by another raiding party and sold into the new world.
  • In Anne of the Indies, Anne attempts to sell Molly into slavery, and Molly is forced to endure a degrading slave market scene. However, Pierre's intervention forces Anne to abandon her plans, and she flees with Molly still her captive.
  • Army of Darkness: Ash, which was a pretty significant Retcon from the end of Evil Dead 2, which ended with him being hailed as a hero. A subversion, as he isn't really a slave, just a battlefield captive whom the medieval screwheads have yoked and shackled for the hike back to the castle. In his mind, chains + whips = slavery.
  • ''Captain America: The Winter Soldier': Although never explicitly acknowledged as such, the Winter Soldier ( Bucky Barnes) was turned into what for all practical purposes is a brainwashed and heavily conditioned slave.
  • Captain Blood: Peter Blood; he's examined by Colonel Bishop, eventually bought by Bishop's niece (narrowly escaping the evil Dixon?s mines), and is employed by the Governor of Jamaica as a doctor.
  • Conan the Barbarian (1982): Conan was taken as a kid after Thulsa Doom doomed his village, was made to work on the Wheel of Pain, and then was made a gladiator, all of which contributed to making him a supreme badass by the time he was freed by his master.
  • Cutthroat Island: Doctor Edward Shaw was a teacher and medical doctor before being sentenced to slavery for "theft and moral turpitude" (it's implied that he seduced a nobleman's teenaged daughter) prior to the beginning of the movie's plot. By the end of the movie, he's free again, having become a member of a pirate band.
  • In Don Juan DeMarco, the title character relates a yarn about being captured by slave dealers and sold into the 'service' of a lusty Sultana. Not that he seems to have minded much. It probably helped that the Sultana kept him hidden in her husband's large harem (apparently she didn't object to sharing.) This incident also occurs in Lord Byron's epic poem Don Juan, upon which the movie is partially based.
  • In Dracula Untold, Vlad in his youth was given as tribute along with 999 other Transylvanian boys to be trained as members of the Ottoman Janissary corps. The Ottomans try to do the same again when Vlad is ruler, but he defies them.
  • In The Ice Pirates, political prisoners and others are sold into slavery after being "redesigned" lobotomized and neutered, however, females remain "fully functional." They don't "redesign" clergy (shown by a captive monk) "just in case." Unfortunately for the monk shown, a much larger prisoner beats him up, changes clothes with him and escapes.
  • The Island (1980): After Maynard kills a pirate in self-defence, a Kangaroo Court of pirates sentences him to be the slave of Beth, the dead pirate's widow.
  • In Mortal Engines, Hester and Tom get put on the auction block at Rustwater, though Hester is deemed only useful for Human Resources due to her sliced-up face.
  • Mythica: It turns out that Marek was sold as a slave by Hammerhead after her mother died giving birth to her. She grew up in slave camps and was eventually sold to an apothecary, then later a pimp who had much worse intentions for her than just being an assistant. Dagen's elf mother was also captured and sold into slavery by orcs.
  • Star Wars: While slavery is outlawed under the Republics' laws, the fringes of galactic civilization are often rife with it anyway — the Hutts in particular are prolific slave-mongers — and the victims of pirate raids are often captured for the slave markets. The Empire also enslaves aliens it conquers, and makes extensive use of forced labor in its legal systems.
    • Return of the Jedi: Leia is the best-known example. Jabba catches her after she snuck into his palace dressed as a bounty hunter and he intends to keep her as his slave after killing the others. But while they're making their dramatic escape, Leia uses the chain Jabba put on her to strangle him.
    • Solo: Chewbacca was ensilaved by the Imperials, and was later rescued by Han when he was about to be killed, resulting in the life debt. Kessel is also staffed by large numbers of enslaved workers.
    • Shmi Skywalker was enslaved sometime before Anakin's birth, or else was born a slave herself. She was rescued by her future husband who bought her from Watto and freed her after Anakin was freed and left home.
  • TRON: This is something of a running theme.
    • TRON: Kevin Flynn is rounded up as a "stray program" and sent to fight to the death in the Games Grid. User-Believer Programs (including Tron and Ram) are conscripted into the Games as a way to get them killed.
    • TRON: Legacy: Sam Flynn, on arriving in Cyberspace, meets the same welcome his father did.
    • TRON: Uprising: Beck is made into a game slave when he gets captured.
    • In the Alternate Continuity of TRON 2.0, Jet is spared from execution when Mercury suggests this as his punishment instead.
  • In Young Guns, Yen Sun (Doc's Romantic Interest) becomes this to Lawrence Murphy when reputetly her mother (a washerwoman) ruined his shirt.

    Gamebooks 

    Literature 
  • Andre Norton:
    • In Judgment On Janus, Niall sells himself to buy enough drugs for his mother to have a peaceful death.
    • In Ordeal in Otherwhere, Charis signs an indefinite term labor contract; she is being traded for slaves for agricultural labor.
  • In Beowulf, Hrothgar's queen is described as queenly and wearing gold, but her name is "Wealhtheow", which means "foreign slave." This is a possible Back Story for her, especially since the name is unique to her in Anglo-Saxon literature.
  • In Beyond Thirty, Turck and Victory fall separately into the hands of soldiers of the Abyssinian Empire, with Turck being sold as a slave to an Abyssinian colonel, and Victory being sent to Emperor's harem.
  • The Book of Negroes: Aminata Diallo is made a slave early on, and stays as one for roughly half the book.
  • In A Brother's Price Jerin fears this fate - if he becomes unmarriageable by being Defiled Forever, his sisters will have no other choice than to sell him as Sex Slave. There is even an offer by some women they meet to rent Jerin for a night. His eldest sister is not amused. He is kidnapped later on, which would eventually lead to some form of slavery, but he is rescued.
  • Captive of the Orcs: Dallet is enslaved by the Orcs in the opening pages, and stays that way through the whole of the story.
  • Captive Prince: Damen, the Crown Prince of Akielos, is betrayed by his Bastard Bastard brother and sold into slavery in an enemy country at the beginning of the series. It's a Cruel Mercy, as his people believe him to be dead, as well as a part of political ploys in both countries.
  • Chalion: The Curse of Chalion being sold to the galleys is part of the main character's backstory. The resulting scars are a minor plot point a few times, and then a major plot point in the end (spoilered because once you know this the logic is obvious).
  • Chronicles of Chaos: In The Orphans of Chaos, Miss Daw's Backstory. She can't help the children because she would break her oath. This would mean the next time they would not have mercy on the defeated side but just kill them all.
  • The Chronicles of Narnia:
    • This occurs to the main characters in The Voyage of the Dawn Treader. Good thing that the man who purchased Caspian was an old friend of his dead father; he releases the young king and decides to help.
    • Shasta overhears the discussion to sell him as the newest slave of a rich Calormene military man in The Horse and His Boy and decides, with said man's mount Bree's help, to run away. It is Bree and Hwin's Back Story, as they were kidnapped from their valleys when very young and then used as Calormene mounts. And Queen Susan has reason to fear it, considering that Prince Rabadash is a Yandere for her and wants her as his puppet at any cost.
  • Citizen of the Galaxy: Thorby has gotten halfway through the process described. The opening line:
    "Lot number ninety-seven," the auctioneer announced, "a boy."
  • Conan the Barbarian:
  • The Crimson Shadow: This is the fate of all Huegoth captives. Some prisoners are also sentenced to slavery by Duke Morkney.
  • 'Deverry: Rhodry spends most of one book enslaved and amnesiac. He's not'' happy when he gets his memory back.
  • Discworld: Cohen the Barbarian spent some years as a slave in his backstory.
  • The Draka: The Draka were founded on slavery and oppression, and they enslave the people of every nation they conquer.
  • 'Earthsea: In The Farthest Shore'', Prince Arren is briefly sold as a galley slave, until Ged turns up, lays a smackdown on the slavers, and frees Arren and the other slaves.
  • Edgar Rice Burroughs:
    • In At the Earth's Core, David Innes fights for Dian. He does not realize that after it, he could take her hand to claim her as his wife, take her hand and let go to free her, or do nothing to make her his slave. He does nothing. She is not pleased.
    • John Carter of Mars:
      • In Chessmen of Mars, the Reverse Mole who saves Gahan and Tara was a childhood friend of Gahan's, enslaved.
      • A Fighting Man Of Mars: Tavia's Back Story, though she was too young to remember. And also that of Tavan, a minor but significant character; John Carter frees him for his services and because he was obviously of noble birth gave him a place in the fleet. Plus, he turns out to be Tavia's father.
  • Farsala Trilogy: This happens to Soraya's mother and brother. She arranges to be sold into slavery herself so that she might spy and gain information to free them.
  • Flux And Anchor begins with the main character, Cassie, being thrown into slavery after she discovers the corruption endemic in Mother Church. She eventually overcomes this to become the most powerful woman on World and in the Church, only to be put back into slavery by New Eden when she loses both her power and her ambition to hold it. In addition, pretty much the entire female population of New Eden can be said to be enslaved, complete with magical modifications to make it stick.
  • In The Girl from the Miracles District, Zelda, like many of her co-workers, has been kidnapped from her home and kept in the Miracles District until it "claimed" her, making her unable to leave and in effect perpetually enslaving her. She was lucky to have an excellent singing voice, which is why she was picked up by one of the better and thus more humane establishments in the district, but it's noted that many other women end up in a far worse position.
  • The Gladiators: A young man from Celtic Britain is captured by invading Romans and eventually becomes an emancipated gladiator.
  • Gor: Free people being forced into bondage is a recurring element. Tarl's Heroic BSoD comes when he chooses "the ignominy of slavery" over "the freedom of honorable death". A recurring plot, it even occurs to Cabot more than once. Typically by the end of the book female characters learn to accept their place while male characters earn their freedom and otherwise rise above their slavery.
  • The Han Solo Trilogy: All the Pilgrims who go to Ylesia really are being enslaved. The religion they follow is just a scam, and they're addicted to control them by what's passed off as a spiritual gift. After a year they get sold off planet to brothels and mines. If any realize earlier it's all a scam, they're threatened into staying. The Empire has also enslaved many Wookies (they were declared a slave race, although a lot are still free, and others like Chewie have escaped).
  • In A Harvest of War thousands of Draeze citizens are marched out of the city into slavery. It doesn't stick.
  • Heimskringla: Olaf Tryggvason, later to be king of Norway (ruled c. 995-1000 AD), as a boy was captured by Estonian vikings in the Baltic, and spent seven years as a slave in Estonia before he was found and ransomed by his uncle.
  • The Hunger Games: Lavinia. Avoxes are the slaves of Panem.
  • Hurog: Oreg in Dragon Bones has this as his backstory. When he was about seventeen, his father gave him some (apparently drugged) soup, and when Oreg woke up he was the castle in which his father lived. And magically bound slave to the respective owner of the castle.
  • Iron Dawn: Kepru is surprised that Barra wants to avoid the slave market, and assumes she was a victim of this trope. ("Nothing to be ashamed of: it could happen to anyone!") Subverted in that no, Barra was never a slave; she wants to avoid the market because she knows she won't be able to resist buying some out of pity.
  • The King Must Die is replete with Deliberate Values Dissonance here. Which is to say that since Theseus is a nice guy, when he picks his woman out of the choices, before he fights with another man, he gives orders that if he loses, they are to give her to one man and not make common sport of her, and when he survives he takes to her bed and promises that night never to give her to a guest against her will. (And the other slave women in his household don't get this, hmm?)
  • Kull: In "The Shadow Kingdom", the Snakemen can enslave the ghosts of those they kill. After Kull and Brule see a king bound a thousand years ago, they promise to kill each other if the other is mortally wounded.
  • Kushiel's Legacy: Phedre no Delauney is made the Sex Slave of Skaldic (Viking) raiders.
  • Land of Oz:
    • In The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, Dorothy is told it is easy to find the Witch: just go into her lands and she'll enslave you. The Witch ordered her servants to kill them, except for the Lion, who she thought was useful. The Winged Monkeys were only able to incapacitate the Scarecrow and the Tin Man (who Dorothy and the Witch's liberated slaves were able to find and repair later); Dorothy was spared because a blessing put upon her by the Witch of the South prevented them - or the villain - from hurting her. Taking her prisoner was the only option at that point, and the Witch simply had to bide her time until she could find a way around it.
    • In Ozma of Oz, the Nome King justifies turning the queen of Ev and her children to ornaments because they had been sold to him as slaves, and it was more humane than slaving in the mines.
  • The Light Of Eidon: Abramm is kidnapped and sold as a slave (first as a scribe, later to be trained as the in-universe equivalent of a gladiator) at the order of his older brother who's gone insane.
  • The Mark of the Lion: Two characters at the beginning of A Voice in the Wind: a young Jewess named Hadassah is enslaved along with many of her people when her hometown is raided; Germanic tribal warrior Atretes is taken as a prisoner of war and forced into the gladiatorial arena.
  • The Monk And The Viking: Brother Aiden is captured after vikings raid his monastery and made into a thrall.
  • Neverwhere: Richard notes and carefully avoids a slave market.
  • The Obsidian Chronicles: The protagonist was the sole survivor of a dragon attack on his village. The men who came to check for survivors found him... and promptly sold him as a slave to a nearby mine.
  • The Persian Boy: Bagoas describes in precise detail how he was taken by his father's enemies, sold at market and castrated. At ten years old.
  • Pilgrim's Progress: One character recounts his managing to evade this trope:
    It came burning hot into my mind, whatever he said, and however he flattered, when he got me home to his House, he would sell me for a Slave.
  • Planet Pirates: Sassinak is captured and enslaved by the eponymous bad guys.
  • Ranger's Apprentice: In the first book, Will is kidnapped by Skandians after they find him burning down a bridge.
  • In Ready Player One, the protagonist arranges this fate for himself to hack into an inaccessible computer system.
  • Robinson Crusoe is briefly enslaved by Arabs at the start of the book.
  • In The Roman Mysteries, Nubia starts the series as a slave. Many other children are also kidnapped and enslaved, forming the basis of the plots for The Pirates of Pompeii and The Colossus of Rhodes. The Four Detectives are briefly captured in The Pirates of Pompeii and are going to be sold as slaves. Jonathan is also briefly enslaved in The Assassins of Rome and at the end of The Enemies of Jupiter he uses the brand mark to pose as a slave. Three of the Four Detectives are captured yet again in The Colossus of Rhodes.
  • Rosemary Sutcliff has this happen with some regularity to his protagonists (or their Heterosexual Life-Partners), sometimes with tragic consequences, sometimes not: Esca in The Eagle of the Ninth, Beric in Outcast, Aquila in The Lantern Bearers, Owain and Regina in Dawn Wind, Conn in The Shining Company, Jestyn in Blood Feud, Arcadius and Timandra in The Flowers of Adonis, and Lubrin's entire tribe in Sun Horse, Moon Horse.
  • The Saga of the Faroe Islanders: Subverted Thrand of Gotu intends to rid himself of the boys Sigmund and Thorir, his kinsmen whose fathers have been killed with his accompliceship, by selling them as slaves. But the merchant Hrafn does not want to buy them unless Thrand gives him money to take the boys, and ultimately Hrafn thwarts Thrand's plan by setting the boys free in Norway.
  • Sarum includes a few characters who are enslaved, and treats them more realistically than many writers (e.g. a pregnant woman is terrified to be made a slave, knowing her master will probably have her baby killed at birth rather than let a useless infant become a drain on his household).
  • The Seer and the Sword: The king returns with the enslaved prince of the conquered country, and gives him to his daughter.
  • In The Silmarillion, both Men and Elves are enslaved by Morgoth and his minions. A specific example would be Gwindor, who is captured and forced to work in the forges of Angband, but later escapes.
  • "Silly Novels by Lady Novelists": George Eliot complains of a work supposed to be instructive because "the hero is a Jewish captive".
  • A Song of Ice and Fire: Tyrion Lannister and Jorah Mormont get caught by slavers and sold in A Dance with Dragons. Tyrion eventually talks his way out of slavery.
  • Stardoc: Dr. Cherijo Grey Veil gets enslaved by the Hsk'skt. She doesn't make a very good slave.
  • The Stormlight Archive: Kaladin spends the first book as a slave, having been enslaved by a treacherous aristocrat in the backstory. Highmarshal Amaram was being attacked by a full Shardbearer — a man wearing Magitek Powered Armor and a sword that can cut through anything. Kaladin led his squad of spearmen against the Shardbearer. Most of them died, but Kaladin himself managed to kill the Shardbearer, meaning the Shards now belonged to him. He refused them, as they reminded him too much of his lost friends. Amaram then killed the survivors of Kaladin's squad, took the Shards, and branded Kaladin a slave as a "mercy", since one slave won't be believed. It's no wonder that Kaladin violently hates nobles.
  • In Spartan, Talos, the protagonist, is abandoned by his father as an enfant, because he was born cripple. Thankfully, he is rescued by a helot.
  • Tailchaser's Song: One night, Tailchaser, Pouncequick, Roofshadow, and Eatbugs are captured by the Clawguard and forced underground. It turns out that Hearteater is using cats as slaves to help with his scheme. The ones he doesn't eat or use to sit on, he makes dig tunnels all over the land for him. Tailchaser is forced into slavery, but his friends are imprisoned. Before Tailchaser's friends can be killed, Hearteater is defeated and the surviving cats escape.
  • Time Machine Series: Quest for King Arthur has the player end up as a Saxon's farmhand in the Dark Ages.
  • Tortall Universe: Aly, the protagonist of Trickster's Choice, is kidnapped and sold into slavery in a neighboring nation. This actually forms the premise of the whole duet. Luckily the people she ends up with are fairly nice as things go, although extenuating circumstances mean she is treated better than most. She still deliberately gets herself injured during her first night in the slave pens, though, because she wants to avoid any owners who think she'd make a good bed-warmer; she deliberately makes her bruises look worse than they are, so that she'll give the impression of someone who would be more trouble than it's worth. She only finds out later that she didn't even need to do this—probably—because the Trickster god of the area is watching over her and wants her help. She's not happy to find out that she could have survived without needing to break her nose.
  • The Tough Guide to Fantasyland lists it twice:
    • Male Tourists, who become either galley slaves or gladiators.
    • The daughters of merchants who were brought along with the caravan; these appear to be the only source of harem slaves.
  • The Treachery of Beautiful Things: Kobolds are enslaved tree spirits, made by carving the wood of their trees. Oberon has enslaved them all. Also, Titania enslaved the changelings, entrapping them all in delusions.
  • In Victoria, this is what happens to Azanians who refuse to bend, after their Lady Land is conquered by the Northern Confederation. The latter, a reactionary Christian Dominionist state, are outraged that something so evil as a country of lesbian Amazons can even exist, and are very thorough in dismantling it. The survivors are given the choice between assimilation (which amounts to becoming good Christian housewives, more or less) and being sold as property.
  • The Vipers Scheme: Esares disguised himself as a slave in order to infiltrate an enemy country and assassinate their chosen one, but when his ruse is discovered, his master decides to make him a slave for real instead of killing him.
  • Warhammer 40,000:
    • Alaric's fate in Ben Counter's Hammer of Daemons, in Gladiator Games. But he leads a Gladiator Revolt.
    • In Sandy Mitchell's Ciaphas Cain novel Death or Glory, the orks have enslaved civilians.
    • In Dan Abnett's Gaunt's Ghosts novel Traitor General, the surviving inhabitants of Gereon have been enslaved to destroy its Imperial temples. Later they were forced to work under excruciating conditions, and those who managed to live long enough to see the Imperial liberation became physical and emotional cripples.
    • In John French's Thousand Sons novel Ahriman: Exile, Hemellion, the king of the planet Vohal, is enslaved by the Prodigal Sons after they kill his world and exterminate his people. Ahriman gives Hemellion over to Sanakht to act as his personal servant.
    • In Space Wolf, the presumed fate of the survivors of Ragnar's tribe. Motivating his desire for revenge.
    • In Aaron Dembski-Bowden's Night Lords novel Soul Hunter, the navigator Eurydice is captured by the Night Lord Talos, who already has a slave named Septimus — Primus, Secondus, etc have already died. Septimus doesn't even have to ask to start calling her Octavia. On the other hand, she was always treated as a pawn while free, so when the two slaves are attacked, and Talos treats Septimus's injuries, sets out into a stronghold of his enemies to save her from Attempted Rape, and gives Septimus the best quality augmentics for his body parts injured beyond repair — better than many rich can get — it's not too surprising that she becomes a loyal slave and even accepts Octavia.
    • This seems to be the fate of Tsu'gan in Nick Kyme's Firedrake.
    • In James Swallow's short story "The Returned" Tarikus remembers his Back Story: being captured by the Red Corsairs and sold like cattle to Fabius Bile.
    • In Graham McNeill's Horus Heresy novel False Gods, Maggard is an indentured servant, but his vocal cords have been removed to keep him from speaking in the presence of his mistress, and she uses him as a Sex Slave.
  • Warrior Woman: The amnesiac protagonist is sold as a pleasure slave to the gladiators. She becomes a gladiator herself when she halves a newbie's skull with his own sword during inspection.
  • We Are Legion (We Are Bob): The original reason that Bob's consciousness was downloaded from his cryofreezed head was to be a slave AI for FAITH. Luckily, Dr. Landers tells him about the loyalty switches, and Bob manages to remove them all by the time he leaves Sol.
  • The Wheel of Time:
    • In book two, Egwene al'Vere is made a damane — an enslaved spellcaster — by the Seanchan and treated like a dog. Although she's saved by the end of the book, it's tough on her mentally.
    • Several characters are also captured and made slaves for the Shaido Aiel in the later books.
  • The Witches of Karres: The hero's problems start when he helps a girl who had suffered this. Then she persuades him to help her two sisters.
  • Worlds of Shadow: In the first book, the characters suffer this after their ship is hijacked by pirates. The main character is sold as a mining slave, the female characters are made sex slaves and raped repeatedly before the Empire comes to rescue them all. The main character's daughter is also murdered.

    Live-Action TV 
  • Angel: Fred and Cordelia both end up having this happen when they go through a portal to Pylea, a demon dimension that keeps humans as slaves. Fred manages to disable her explosive collar and lives hiding out in a cave for five years, while Cordelia is seen having a vision and is declared a prophesied Chosen One.
  • Doctor Who:
    • "The Ark": Between the two time periods, humanity has been enslaved.
    • "The Dominators": The Dominators enslave the Doctor and Jamie.
    • "The Mutants": Ky complains this has been done to his people.
    • In "Planet of the Daleks", the Spiridons.
    • "Underworld": Most of the people on the planet are enslaved to labour. They think the "sky falls" (tunnel collapses) are done to keep their number low, just enough to labour.
    • "Warriors' Gate": The Tharls had enslaved people in the past — "The weak enslave themselves" — and now are slaves themselves. The Doctor gives them an Ironic Echo, and one concedes the justice, but they have suffered enough.
    • In "Frontios", to captured humans.
    • The Ood enslaved and mutilated by humans. Poor Ood.
  • Emerald City: In "Science and Magic", after Jack catches the attention of Lady Ev, she decides to make Jack her property.
  • Game of Thrones: This is quite common in Essos, where slavery has been practiced widely for centuries, with frequent raids to gain slaves for the places where it's foundation of the economy.
    • Doreah was sold to a brothel at age nine (by her own mother) and first "touched a man" three years later.
    • Grey Worm and Missandei were also captured through raids as children, then made slaves.
    • The Dothraki take many Lhazareen as slaves to be sold for buying ships so they can buy ships which will take them off to Westeros, horrifying Daenerys (this helps fuel her later anti-slavery campaign).
  • Highlander:
    • Methos captured Cassandra when the Four Horsemen burned her village. Thousands of years later, she still wants his head.
    • Methos himself in Ancient Rome. He makes a remark to Duncan about “a senator, his wife and a slave boy” and though the scene was cut from the episode, he’s confirmed as the slave boy in the book “Zealot”.
    • Duncan in the period The “Finale” flashbacks happen in. He was captured by Barbary pirates thanks to a woman who wanted to marry an Arab and arranged the attack so she could get away from her bodyguard, Duncan. He was rescued from the market by the immortal Hamza, who eventually became a friend.
  • Jessica Jones (2015): Kilgrave frequently controls the same people for long periods of time to cater or support him during his endeavors.
    • Jessica Jones was Kilgrave's all-purpose slave while he had her under control, serving as his Sex Slave and Slave Mook in addition to fulfilling his fantasy that they were in a romantic relationship.
    • On multiple occasions he is shown taking over an apartment and having the previous occupants cook and clean for him.
    • One man in the Kilgrave support group was forced to be his chauffeur for more than a week.
    • At least one woman he had follow him around for long periods just because he liked the way she smiled.
    • When Kilgrave and Jessica speak later in the series she explicitly refers to these sorts of people as slaves (although, ironically, in that particular instance the two people under discussion - Hank and the bodyguards - were not, as Kilgrave had hired those two with actual money in order to defuse this specific accusation from Jessica). Double subverted later on, though, when it turns out he did have them under his control; just not in the way Jessica expected. He uses his powers as the primary way of controlling them, and he pays them so they continue to carry out his orders even when he isn't capable of giving them.
  • Kingdom Adventure: Zordock's said his long-term goal is to make all the citizens of Lumia his slaves. He seems to change his plans for the main characters specifically between making them his slaves or killing them; probably either one would make him happy. Dagger was called Zordock's slave at one point, as well.
  • The Outer Limits (1995):
    • In "The Deprogrammers", Evan Cooper and millions of other humans were enslaved when the Torkor conquered Earth.
    • In "The Grell", Jesha's grandfather was made a slave as a boy, as were the rest of the Grell alive at that time.
    • In "The Human Operators" the backstory has the surviving humans on the AI ships made their slaves, then forced to conceive more so they could make repairs.
  • The Outpost: The Mistress "adopted" Janzo, but didn't want a girl, so she sold his sister as a slave.
  • Roots (1977): This famous story based on the novel of Alex Haley was made into an award winning TV series in 1976 and tells the story about black slavery in 19th century America. It was famous for being the first TV show to make slavery a topic.
  • Roots (2016) makes several revisions from the original, such as Kunta's capture being the product of a grudge between his father and someone from a neighboring clan who sold him to British slave traders, instead of being captured by the white slave traders themselves (which was actually uncommon).
  • Spartacus: Blood and Sand: This is Spartacus' story, a mercenary in Roman service enslaved for desertion. It goes for pretty much all slaves in the series too.
  • Star Trek: Enterprise: In one episode, nine Enterprise crewmen are captured by Orion slavers. One (T'Pol) sells for a high figure, presumably as a sex slave. Before her new owner can even complete filling out the paperwork, the Enterprise attacks.
  • Survivors: Tom, who gets this treatment as punishment for a murder he committed. Greg too, for trying to help him escape.

    Music 
  • Bob Marley wrote a lot of songs in which he referenced black slavery: "Concrete Jungle", "Slave Driver" (Catch a Fire), "Crazy Baldheads" (Rastaman Vibration) "Buffalo Soldier", "Redemption Song" ("Confrontation") and even into the sleeve notes of the album "Survival".
  • Kids Praise: Charity Churchmouse has a nightmare where she gets tricked into signing a contract that essentially enslaves her to Risky Rat.

    Myths & Religion 
  • Greek Mythology: Heracles/Hercules had to deal with this one a lot. Due to both his violent temper and extremely self-effacing personality he was often reduced to slavery to make penance for things he did on impulse.
    • His famous 12 Labors were the result of enslaving himself to his cousin Eurystheus to atone for killing his wife and children. This one wasn't actually his fault — Hera drove him into a fit of insanity — but it's really hard to forgive yourself for killing your wife and kids. One of the actual labors was cleaning out the manure from a stable, a menial task which was meant to humiliate Heracles. This one didn't didn't work out, as Hercules diverted a river to flush the stables like a giant toilet. That actually backfired, as Eurystheus decided that it ultimately "didn't count" because the river cleaned the stables rather than Hercules himself, meaning he had to extend his servitude a bit.
    • On another occasion he was forced to atone for a murder by becoming the slave of a queen named Omphale for a time, which had a more humbling effect (in some versions Omphale forces him to wear a dress and perform tasks normally reserved for women).
    • In another myth, he's tasked with impregnating 50 women (as the amazon queen assumed this would take him a long time, leaving her plenty of time to seduce his attractive friend). He managed it in a single night and departed for his next task the next day. Some of his tasks were pretty awesome.
  • After Persephone's abduction, Demeter wandered the earth, and when she finally stopped at a household, she told them she had escaped slavers who had captured her. That, obviously, wasn't true, but it was the easiest way to fulfill Sacred Hospitality without admitting who she really was.
  • The Odyssey: Both Odysseus' swineherd Eumaius and his nurse Eurycleia were born royals but later enslaved in the Back Story.
  • Hecuba and all the princesses of Troy after The Trojan War. Except for the one who is sacrificed at Achilles' tomb — in some versions, she tells Hecuba at least she's escaping slavery. In The Iliad Hector foresees and laments such a fate for Andromache.
    Well do I know that the day will surely come when mighty Ilius shall be destroyed with Priam and Priam's people, but I grieve for none of these — not even for Hecuba, nor King Priam, nor for my brothers many and brave who may fall in the dust before their foes — for none of these do I grieve as for yourself when the day shall come on which some one of the Achaeans shall rob you forever of your freedom, and bear you weeping away. It may be that you will have to ply the loom in Argos at the bidding of a mistress, or to fetch water from the springs Messeis or Hypereia, treated brutally by some cruel task-master; then will one say who sees you weeping, 'She was wife to Hector, the bravest warrior among the Trojans during the war before Ilius.' On this your tears will break forth anew for him who would have put away the day of captivity from you. May I lie dead under the barrow that is heaped over my body ere I hear your cry as they carry you into bondage.
  • Joseph (the one who got the Technicolour Dreamcoat) in The Bible.
    • And in Joseph and his Brothers. He gets bought for his prettiness — as a kind of home accessory.
    • Also in The Bible: The Jews in general, in Egypt (early in the book of Exodus) and again when conquered by the Assyrians and Babylonians. And just after the New Testament, happens to lots of Jews when the Romans crush a couple of rebellions.note 
  • The women in the Greek camp in the Iliad. Also, Tecmessa, who was Ajax's captive. A dispute over slaves is actually what causes the major conflict of the poem.
  • Norse Mythology: While on a journey with Loki, Thor rests at the home of a farmer and his family, and offers the goats that pull his chariots as a meal, telling them simply not to break the bones. The son, Thjalfi, disobeys, and when Thor revives the goats, he notices one has a limp. Depending on which version of the myth you read, Thor either flies into a murderous rage and is only pacified by the father offering Thjalfi and his sister as slaves, or Thjalfi pre-emptively confesses the moment he notices Thor's change in demeanor, and Thor simply requires him to become his slave in compensation. Either way, Thjalfi becomes Thor's slave alongside his sister.

    Tabletop Games 
  • Dungeons & Dragons:
    • This will definitely happening to anyone (Player Characters or otherwise) who are taken alive by the neogi, an evil race of bug-like creatures who first appeared in the Spelljammer setting but now appear elsewhere. Turning other races into slaves is their hat, so to speak, and powerful neogi even do it to weaker neogi. (They view the whole universe in terms of ownership; in their culture, the strong possess and dominate the weak.)
    • The dao (a type of genie of elemental Earth) are another race known for being notorious slavers. Ironically, the dao themselves were forced into a type of divine slavery when their ruler was defeated by the Faceless God of the yikaria (or yak-folk), requiring the dao to serve the yikaria for "a thousand years and a year". (How much of that sentence had already passed at mainstream time is not known.) Due to this agreement, every yikaria has the ability to summon a dao — so long as he does not already have one as a servant — who must serve unquestionably until the sun has set twice.
    • In the 4th Edition guidebook Monster Manual 2, Slavers are one of several varieties of humans that are outlined as possible antagonists. The Lore section states, "Slavers are themselves slaves to greed and power", which is true, more often than not.
    • Better known than any of the above examples are the Drow, who keep slaves of every type from other drow to surface elves and humans to such powerful beings as giants and the occasional dragon. Given their enjoyment of enslaving the most powerful beings they can find, it should come as no surprise that many a noble house has been toppled by slave revolt.
  • GURPS: The medieval fantasy Banestorm setting includes four different kinds of slavery: Slave By Law (sentenced to slavery), Slave By Capture (made a slave by abduction or war), Slave By Birth (born to a slave parent), and Slave By Choice (selling yourself into slavery to pay debts). Not every realm recognizes all four types, and in the principality of Cardiel, all forms of slavery are illegal.
  • Pathfinder:
    • The Lawful Neutral shaitan genies who rule the Elemental Plane of Earth make extensive use of slavery, with many of their empire's cities and mines being built and maintained by slave labor. Enslavement is a common punishment for breaking one of the shaitans' many draconian laws, and the earth genies actively exploit this when seeking to get new slaves. For instance, the imp-like mephits that share their plane are often found in violation of some law or another and forced into labor. The shaitans also maintain a literal city of gold to which they attract travelers by spreading tales and propaganda of it in the hopes that some visitors will take away a bit of the locally valueless gold, at which point they can charge them with theft and enslave them, their companions to said city, anyone they sold the gold to...
    • The empire of the Lawful Evil efreet genies in the Plane of Fire is likewise built on the backs of slaves, and the efreeti will cheerfully enslave anyone who can't stop them from doing so. Most notable is their enslavement of the azer, a race of elementals resembling dwarves with flaming beards and hair, whose fortresses they systematically overran in the distant past, reducing the azer to an oppressed slave class in their empire. Those few azers not enslaved by the efreeti are instead slaves of the fire mephits who make up the Plane of Fire's other major power.
    • The duergar — Lawful Evil dwarves who live in Darklands — are notorious slavers. Their entire society and religion is based on constant toil to begin with, and their cities are built and maintained by the toil of legions of slaves. Duergar see enslaving other beings and forcing them to work for them as a high personal accomplishment.
  • Space 1889: The great European powers, particularly the British, are trying to stop slavery in general and slave trade in particular. However, it is alive and well on Mars. At least one Red Sand scenario can start when the players are captured and enslaved by High Martians. There is another adventure in Challenge 42 where the players are captured by bandits who intend to sell them as slaves.
  • Warhammer:
    • The Dark Elves are prolific slavers. Their fleets and Black Arks haunt the seas, attacking passing vessels, raiding coastal villages and taking as many captives as they can. It's not uncommon for entire coastline to be filled with sudden ghost towns after Dark Elf corsairs pass by. Once a ship's holds are filled it returns to the Dark Elf city-states, chiefly the port of Karond Kar, where great slave markets and a life of backbreaking toil await them.
    • While the Dark Elves are mostly a coastal issue, nobody is safe from Skaven slave raids. Skaven civilization is built on the backs of slaves, which the Under-Empire acquires by sending raiding parties to the surface world (the Skaven live Beneath the Earth) to raid slums and isolated villages for slaves. The topside governments' denial that the Skaven exist tends to run into strain when entire villages and neighborhoods have their populations vanish overnight.
    • In the first few editions, before some significant changes in worldbuilding, the Slann army was augmented by Lizardmen and Troglodytes forcefully recruited from defeated tribes and by human captives who have been lobotomized, castrated and turned into expandable slave warriors. Later editions made Slann, Lizardmen and Troglodytes (renamed Kroxigor) part of a single species and removed the human slaves altogether.
  • Warhammer 40,000:
    • Orks enslave humans on planets they fight on.
    • Dark Eldar enslave with Pirate raids to capture.
    • Chaos forces enslave the population when they take a planet.
    • The Imperium enslaves convicts.
    • Even Imperial Space Marines have slaves to do work that a Space Marine is not needed for. Though the Marines' slaves are generally failed Marine candidates who somehow survived washing out who are often more than happy to help, since they're still in a better position than the vast majority of Imperial citizens. Most such slaves who appear in the fluff are immensely valued personal assistance who even receive longevity treatments that only the rich normally get. Space Marine serfs are also, in some cases, even better trained than the Imperial Guard in combat, being expected to join the defence of their masters' fortress-monasteries if an enemy ever manages to get close enough to be a threat to them. In some fluff it is revealed that some Chapters have serfs who are born, raised, live their lives and die in the Chapter's service.
    • In the Back Story of the universe, Angron's childhood in the Gladiator Games and his leadership in the Gladiator Revolt stemmed from this.
    • Gue'vesa, humans who have been folded into the Tau Empire's sphere of influence. Many Gue'vesa, and fans, might not see it that way.

    Theatre 

    Video Games 
  • Aveyond: Rhen is kidnapped from her village and is sold into slavery.
  • Divinity: Original Sin II: Sebille, one of your selectable origins and recruitable party members, was made a slave by the Lizard Folk via a mind controlling Slave Brand, and then made to kill her own people. She escaped slavery before the start of the game, and is now hunting her master down both for her freedom and revenge.
  • Dragon Age II: Fenris got a double dose of this. Being an elf in Tevinter, he was already born a slave. Then his master Danarius augmented him with lyrium tattoos in a painful ritual that literally burned his memories away. An "honor" Fenris competed for so he could win his mother and sister's freedom. The person Fenris was ceased to exist, leaving a powerful and completely obedient Blank Slate. Fenris didn't develop a taste for freedom until a My God, What Have I Done? moment prompted him to flee Tevinter and never look back. He can be Made a Slave again if Hawke allows Danarius to reclaim him. Fenris will be so disheartened by the betrayal that he'll surrender without a fight. A grateful Danarius will send a letter to Hawke mentioning that Fenris' memories were wiped again and he is once more an obedient slave, and he extends an invitation to Hawke to visit his estate in Tevinter.
  • Dragon Quest V: You're the son of a hero and you travel with him. A short way through the game you meet the Big Bad Guy, get your ass handed to you and spend the next ten years as a slave.
  • Fallout 3: Upon entering the Pitt, the player character is jumped and enslaved. This is pretty egregious Cutscene Incompetence and a massive But Thou Must!, since the way you're "supposed" to do it is by willingly dressing up as a slave and turning yourself in as a failed "escapee". And needless to say, you're immediately "volunteered" for the most dangerous job available, and then again "volunteered" participate in the Gladiator Games — only by a fellow slave! Granted, you're the only one capable of doing the jobs, and this was pretty much the entire escape plan from the start, considering that winning in the Gladiator Games means you're freed from slavery and can become one of the slavers, where you then have free run of the Pitt and can do anything and everything you want to free and cure the sick slaves. If only it were that simple.
  • Fire Emblem:
    • Generic Bandits try to do this to pretty much any female character. They have nothing to do with the plot, they serve no purpose except to teach the player the ins and outs of the system, and it happens so frequently that it's become a Running Gag among the fanbase.
    • In the Fire Emblem Tellius subseries, the laguz, a race of animalistic humanoids that can shapeshift into animals, have been bought and sold as slaves in the beorc (human) nation of Begnion. A few playable laguz, including Muarim and Vika, are former slaves having escaped and become a part of the Laguz Emancipation Army, dedicated to the liberation of all laguz slaves.
    • Rafiel, the eldest prince of the heron laguz in Radiant Dawn, was kidnapped from the heron homeland Serenes Forest, and was sold as a slave to a Begnion nobleman, Hetzel. Hetzel did treat Rafiel kindly, to the point that he was going to return him to the forest...and then the Serenes Massacre happened. Rafiel was allowed to leave, and ended up in the far-off desert land of Hatari with wolf laguz queen Nailah.
    • During Path of Radiance, the raven laguz king Naesala sells his Childhood Friend Reyson, youngest prince of the heron laguz, to the Begnion nobleman Oliver, Duke of Tanas. To his credit, Naesala is literally forced to serve Begnion due to his blood pact, and was probably going to rescue Reyson later, had he not been liberated by the protagonist Ike and his army barging through Oliver's mansion.
  • Hegemony Series: If you manage to capture retreating enemies, you get to do this to them. It's a cheap alternative to hiring workers for the mines or supply duties.
  • In King's Quest III: To Heir Is Human, Manannan prefers to enslave young boys to do his menial work, calling them all "Gwydion," and killing them on their 18th birthday or if they learn too much. His latest is the Player Character.
  • Knights of the Old Republic: Juhani's Back Story. Turns out Revan was the one who freed her from it. You also can skewer the guy who tried to buy her on your lightsabers. You also find a small child who ran away from Mandalorian raiders who speaks mostly gibberish, a few people who were sold into slavery as punishment for debts, and you have to free Bastila from the swoop gang planning to auction her off on the galactic slave market.
    • In the second game, Mira was also technically a slave of the Mandalorian raiders who destroyed her home. Unlike most examples, they weren't abusive to her, teaching her how to fight and handle explosives as though she were a Mandalorian child.
    • In Star Wars: The Old Republic, the backstory of the Sith Inquisitor is that they were a former slave, who earned their freedom when they were discovered to be force-sensitive. They were then given two options; Go to the Sith Academy on Korriban for Training from Hell... or die!
  • Marco and the Galaxy Dragon opens with Marco being kidnapped by aliens and sold into slavery. Many other children were kidnapped at the same time, though Marco is the only one still alive by the present day. The kidnappings were orchestrated by Astaroth, who’d intended Marco to be the personal slave of his daughter Haqua.
  • Neverwinter Nights:
    • In Shadows of Undrentide, the asabi merchant/treasure hunter Ashtara un-petrifies the heroes at the start of Chapter Two — then clamps a Slave Collar around their necks and forces you to help him search the ruins of Undrentide. He frees you, however, after you destroy the city's ancient guardian golems so that his other slaves can get on with looting the place.
    • The community module A Dance with Rogues has a particularly memorable long and unskippable cutscene where you are being sold at the drow slave market.
      "Buy one kobold, get one free!"
  • Splatterhouse: In the remake, it's eventually revealed that the Terror Mask knows so much about the Corrupted because it was enslaved by them. For eons, by its own account. So it uses Rick to enact its own Roaring Rampage of Revenge against them.
  • Transarctica: You can capture the crews of Viking trains and enslave them to work in your coal mines, or purchase slaves in towns to the same effect. Additionally, it's possible to capture slaves while fighting the Mole Men in underground tunnels.
  • Valkyrie Profile: This shows up in the plots of a few characters, mainly in the main character's, in which she ends up getting herself killed in order to avoid being sold off by her parents.

    Web Comics 
  • Lustomic: Male submission/forced slaves.

    Web Original 
  • Statless and Tactless: Joe talks the group into enslave Mari because it actually protect her more then harm her. Also it would piss off her player, Ian. Although this is technically supposed to just be for appearances and not actual slavery, Soo immediately takes a liking to the idea of owning someone.

    Western Animation 

    Real Life 
  • Most ancient societies in the Near East had slavery as an institution. People could become slaves due to debts, certain crimes, or being taken as prisoners in war. This was also the case for both ancient Greece and Rome. However there were also usually mechanisms to gain freedom. In ancient Greece and Rome slaves were in fact paid a stipend they could save up to buy their freedom — after which they still had limited civil rights though. (Free-born Romans were incredibly snobby about freedmen.) It was also not legal in most cases to simply kidnap people and sell them into slavery (not that it didn't happen sometimes of course). The idea about being sent to the mines as an effective death sentence is pure Truth in Television, though; ancient mining didn’t have anything in the way of health and safety rules, so only slaves would put up with the conditions, and they were worked to death.
  • Jewish law forbade fellow Hebrews from being enslaved (though indentured servants were allowed, to serve six-year terms). However foreigners could still be bought as slaves and inherited. This rule was then adopted by Christians as forbidding them enslaving fellow believers. However it was then made a racial institution again during colonization of the Americas, so even if slaves then became Christians it didn't automatically free them, due to their race. Islam also had much the same rules.
  • The idea of being sent to the galleys as bad news is true enough, but with nuances. In the late Middle Ages and some time after, nations on all sides of the Mediterranean, Christian and Muslim, had an unending need for galley oarsmen, and so would raid each other for slaves on any excuse. Experienced sailors, who already had the training, were preferred. It was doubtless brutally hard and soul-sappingly boring work, but some slaves survived for years, so it wasn’t an automatic death sentence. (After all, who’d want their ship’s propulsion system dying in mid voyage?) And arrangements could be and were made for galley slaves to be ransomed to freedom. This all happened to Miguel de Cervantes, author of Don Quixote. Convicts could also be sent to the galleys in some cases, which was effectively slavery even if they sentence was supposedly for a limited period, because they often died before completing their sentence, and the authorities were frequently careless about checking when anyone’s sentence was up.
  • Plato was invited to Sicily because the tyrant Dionysius the Elder wanted philosophers at his court. Plato showed up, gave him advice, and sufficiently offended Dionysius that he sold him into slavery, and his friends had to buy him back. This did not stop him from going to advise Dionysius the Younger a generation later, too, which ended more peacefully, if no more successfully.
  • When the Greek philosopher Phaedo of Elis was young, he was taken prisoner in war and was subsequently sold into slavery in Athens, where he was forced into prostitution. Eventually he met Socrates, who took a liking to him and had him freed.
  • Unfortunately it still happens everywhere, yes even in first world countries. As many as 27,000,000 of them.
  • A convoluted example comes from the early history of the United States. The first slaves in Britain's American colonies were prisoners transported to the New World and sold to the plantation owners as craftsmen, house servants, and field workers. While these "indentured servants" never regained their freedom, upon reaching adulthood any children born to them became free after a period of six years spent working for their parents' owners as "repayment" for the food, shelter, and education they were provided as children. Once it grew into African slaves, this became hereditary.
  • Modern example: this is a huge problem in the cocoa industry. Children are bought cheap (or kidnapped) in Ivory Coast and forced to work. It is estimated that 95% of the kids are not paid for the work, and due to the heavy loads they carry and machetes they use they often get injuries that go untreated. Around 42% or so of cocoa comes from this place.
  • La Malinche, a Nahua woman who lived in what is now Mexico, was given to the Spanish conquistadors as a "servant". She ended up serving Hernan Cortes as a translator and eventually became his mistress, and bore him a child.
  • Los Zetas, a major Mexican crime syndicate, has been known to kidnap telecom engineers to build and maintain their communications network. Unlike their usual kidnapping victims, ransoms are not offered and the victims are believed to be killed when they have outlived their usefulness.
  • The Islamic State in Iraq and Levant has been known, and proclaimed publicly, to set up slave markets where female sex slaves captured from Yezidi communities were to be sold.
  • Similarly, Nigerian Islamic militants Boko Harem have grown to be notorious for capturing girls who are used as sex slaves.

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