Lightmare Fuel is when Nightmare Fuel is Played for Laughs or your genuine laughter is coming from the scariest of places. In short, it is the perfect combination of the truly scary with the truly funny. This often happens in comedy works, typically Black Comedy, but can just as often occur in horror stories.
This is a staple of Horror Comedy works.
A Sub-Trope of Mood Dissonance. Compare Faux Horrific, Bloody Hilarious, and Bathos, which similarly involves a juxtaposition of the serious and the silly but with less emphasis on horror. Not to be confused with Scenery Dissonance, which is when genuine horror happens in broad daylight.
- Franken Fran runs on gore and giving characters terrifying And I Must Scream scenarios, but it pretty much plays it all for dark laughs and caustic satire. It helps that those who get it the worst usually deserve it.
- Junji Ito's Cat Diary: Yon & Mu: Junji Ito does a manga about him, his fiancée (now wife), and their cats. Drawn in the traditional Junji Ito style, but completely harmless.
- Kaguya-sama: Love Is War does this a lot, emphasizing comedic moments with Art Shifts that would be far more at home in a horror anthology.
- The Kurosagi Corpse Delivery Service. Most of the series features a lot of this trope. In the first book, one of their stories features a corpse made from parts of seven different girls who gets vengeance on her killer by telling him a joke. It drives him insane.
- Susie Essman once recounted how, after watching a scary movie, she searched her entire house for any conceivable place the villain could possibly he hiding (including her dollhouse) before finally turning off the lights, climbing into bed, and pulling the covers up to her chin, still too terrified to sleep because she keeps hearing this soft, rhythmic chirping noise that she can't identify... until she realizes that her nose is whistling.
- Emo Phillips: "They say public speaking is the number-one fear in the country. I would've thought the number-one fear would be being Buried Alive... with a severed head. And just before your flashlight's battery dies, the eyes open. [Beat] But no, apparently it's the public speaking thing."
- Bill Cosby tells a story about a disembodied, mutant chicken heart that is Coming to Get You — or rather, being a kid and listening to the Lights Out episode "Chicken Heart".
- Calvin and Hobbes, due to Calvin being a six-year old boy with a big imagination, regularly holds conversations with hideous things under the bed who want to eat him. There's also the time his dad told him a bedtime story that wasn't Hamster Huey and the Gooey Kablooey again. It involves a disembodied hand that strangles people. And then there was the time Calvin created a demonic living snowman with two heads that wanted to kill him. This never goes beyond family-friendly.
- The climax of The Bad Guys (2022) has a psychopathic Mad Scientist use the power of a meteorite to fuel his Mind Control helmet and control numerous creatures all across the city, giving the creatures Glowing Eyes of Doom. He then uses the creatures to attack the Bad Guys in an attempt to leave them cold and buried. How do you make all of this kid-friendly? You make the mad scientist and the creatures he controls guinea pigs.
- Basically anything Tim Burton has done. Corpse Bride is probably the best example, with its undeniable highlight being a maggot popping out of the female lead's eye socket entirely Played for Laughs.
- Similarly, much of the humor in ParaNorman revolves around dead people. Its funniest and scariest moment comes in the climax, where the Zombie Apocalypse plot is played completely straight, with the twist that it's the out-numbered, terrified, and unarmed zombies (plus the living main characters) fleeing from the vicious, bloodthirsty hordes of living townspeople.
- Lord Farquaad's first scene in Shrek has him supervising a scene of horrifying Cold-Blooded Torture on an unfortunate prisoner, waterboarding the poor bastard and ripping his legs off. Of course, the victim in question is an animated gingerbread man made of cookie dough (and he’s being waterboarded with milk), so it's still funny instead of being horrible.
- Sam Raimi films drift back and forth along the Sliding Scale of Comedy and Horror, and sometimes folds the scale in half, mashing both ends together. The Evil Dead started with doses of Lightmare, Evil Dead 2 increased both Horror and Comedy, Army of Darkness slid to slapstick extreme, the Drag Me to Hell snapped to the other extreme but added a few tension-breakers.
- The scene where Ash's room starts laughing at him is probably one of the best examples of this trope in cinema. It's disturbing to watch this demonic force tormenting a likable protagonist, and to watch his sanity fraying at the seams as he starts laughing along with everyone else, and yet, at the same time, it's hard not to laugh with him thanks not only to the ludicrously over-the-top carnage he's had to deal with over the past 24 hours, but also the hilariously cartoonish voices (especially that Porky Pig-sounding lamp) and the goofy special effects. Then it swings back to disturbing when Campbell's genuinely infectious laughter gives way to believably agonized howls of fear and exhaustion, and when he frantically blasts at something on the other side of the wall, not knowing what's waiting for him on the other side, that it's genuinely terrifying again. Sweet lord.
- Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein, equal parts Monster Mash horror and screwball comedy. The Universal Horror monsters (including Dracula, the Frankenstein monster, the Wolf Man, and a brain-swapping mad scientist) are real and played quite straight, but they're balanced out by Abbott and Costello's wisecracking antics.
- Ace Ventura: Pet Detective: Ace sneaks into a tank believing the missing dolphin to be in there, only to discover a great white shark instead and he falls into the tank. After narrowly avoiding getting mauled by the shark, Ace emerges from the bathroom completely soaked and his clothes torn.
Ace: Do NOT go in there!
- An American Werewolf in London is seemingly made of this in some parts. Griffin Dunne and David Naughton are laughing it up, joking about the superstitious villagers as they walk along the moonlit road one second and in the next second, Dunne's throat is ripped out on-camera and Naughton is slowly bleeding out from a werewolf bite. Later, Dunne reappears as an increasingly-rotten corpse to confront Naughton, yet the duo can't help but revert to the same snarky buddy-buddy humor.
- Beetlejuice essentially runs on this trope, raging from its depiction of the afterlife as a trippy Celestial Bureaucracy with deceased workers that look both bizarre and unsettling (especially a man Squashed Flat by a car that ran over him and the explorer with the Shrunken Head) to the people being possessed into singing Harry Belafonte's cover of the Banana Boat song around the dinner table before it suddenly and jarringly ends with them being violently grabbed by monstrous hands emerging from their shrimp cocktails.
- BrainDead is a textbook example of this, since the amount of gore and horror is so ludicrous mixed with dumb humor that it's pretty damn funny. A notable example is Lionel finding his mother ate Paquita's dog:
- The 1989 comedy The 'Burbs on the surface seems to be a wacky "mistaken identity" comedy about three childish protagonists who suspect that their next-door neighbors are a family of serial killers. The protagonists' wives, of course, think they're just being stupid. Wacky hijinks fill the rest of the movie, until the protagonists discover that the trunk of the next-door neighbors' car is filled with decomposed human remains. Because the neighbors really are a family of serial killers.
- The final segment of Cat's Eye is something of a Stephen King primer for kids, combining King's penchant for horror elements from out of left field (the villain is a vicious little troll trying to suffocate a young girl in her sleep) and some amusing slapstick woven into an otherwise tense final confrontation with the heroic feline protagonist (who defeats the troll with a record playing The Police's "Every Breath You Take" at 78 RPM).
- Dungeons & Dragons: Honor Among Thieves. The scene in which the protagonists visit a spooky barbarian cemetery in the dark of the night in order to perform a spell to resurrect the dead and ask them important info. What's otherwise a dark scene with great looking undead barbarians pulled off with Practical Effects quickly becomes comedic when you can only ask four questions before they return dead and Edgin accidentally wastes his forcing the group to repeat the process, and some barbarians reveal that they have died in battle while being Killed Mid-Sentence. And then there's the whole part in which they're frantically escaping from Themberchaud... who turns out to be a morbidly obese dragon. It's equal parts terrifying and hysterical given how Themberchaud proves to be a Super-Persistent Predator despite his size, but he's nonetheless a ridiculously chunky dragon who at one point provides an Indy Escape via barrel rolling towards the heroes.
- Ghostbusters. The Librarian scene. In the DVD commentary, Harold Ramis and Ivan Reitman stated that they achieved the perfect balance at that moment, with people in the audience during the first screening both laughing and screaming at the same time.
- Gremlins. The little monsters are hilarious... until they start killing people in messy, messy ways...and sometimes still are then.
- The Invisible Man (1933) can be considered one of the earliest examples of this trope, as it isn't afraid of incorporating a good dose of humor with its scares. One moment you'll have Claude Rains' Griffin moving the inkwell of the disbelieving official and splattering the ink in his face before violently killing him terrorizing those present, and how he throws everyone into Paranoia Fuel while he gleefully goes from over the top to Deadpan Snarker in his murderous, megalomaniacal madness.
- In Jaws, the scene where Brody is complaining about having to dump chum (chopped up fish and fish blood) into the ocean begins with the line "Slow ahead. I can go slow ahead. Come on down here and chum some of this shit," and ends with the line "You're gonna need a bigger boat", having gone from funny to scary in a nanosecond when the shark abruptly appears.
- In the "musical comedy" version of Little Shop of Horrors, we go from laughing to cringing, especially once Seymour starts feeding Audrey II whole human beings.
- "MacGoogles the Scottish Frog" in Max Keeble's Big Move. He is genuinely creepy-looking... and yet you won't be able to stop laughing.
- Shaun of the Dead: Once they finally get refuge in the local pub, they are quickly besieged by zombies. As Shaun and the others try to keep the zombies at bay with a rifle, Shaun's mother admits to Liz (Shaun's ex, although his mother isn't aware of the breakup) that she was bitten by a zombie earlier in the movie, dooming her to death and resurrection. She dies in Shaun's arms as he begs her not to leave him. This is followed by a genuinely tense Mexican standoff over what to do with Shaun's mother - David reckons they have to shoot her, Shaun and Ed are hysterically protective, Liz reluctantly sides with David (calling him a "twat" in the process) - which is punctuated with some of the movie's funniest dialogue.
- In Sleuth, the story jumps from funny to horrifying within a second. Some scenes you might alternate between smiling and being afraid for the characters' lives several times within one moment. You could even find yourself grinning while thinking "I think something horrible is going to happen any minute".
- Zombieland. The explanation of Rules #1 ("Cardio") and #2 ("Double Tap") are accompanied by a visual of people being graphically attacked and killed by zombies. They are hilarious and tragic and scary all at the same time.
- The various "zombie kills" (especially the "Zombie Kill of the Week").
- Charlie and the Chocolate Factory enters this territory when Augustus Gloop falls into the chocolate river, gets sucked up a pipe, and is subsequently faced with the threat of being turned into fudge. From then on, what started as just another light Comic Fantasy for kids is in Black Comedy territory as the other Hate Sink brats receive similarly wacky-creepy comeuppances. While the sequel Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator plays its threats more seriously, with potential victims given a bit more sympathy, it still has a lot of this trope: for example, Willy Wonka taunting a carnivorous alien who tried and failed to deliver the elevator a Literal Ass-Kicking with a song about its now-swollen rump.
- Any Discworld novel involving the Things From The Dungeon Dimensions, or similar Lovecraft Lite monstrosities, will make it clear they're a serious and disturbing threat and, at the same time, completely ridiculous, often making the point that a creature seemingly made of the bits left over once everything else was created is probably going to fall over a lot.
- H. P. Lovecraft's short story "The Statement of Randolph Carter" reads as a fairly typical example of the author's Cosmic Horror oeuvre, right up until the last line, when instead of his friend Warren, Carter hears a hideous unearthly voice speaking on the other end of their radio line from the depths of a foul and monstrous pit: "You Fool!, Warren is DEAD!"
- American Horror Story: Murder House has a moment of this. In one episode, Hayden, Ben's former mistress and student, discovers where he lives and threatens to reveal to Ben's pregnant wife that she is pregnant with her and Ben's love child from the affair. When Ben agrees to go someplace with her to discuss the pregnancy, Harvey comes out of the blue and hits her dead in the face with a shovel. Upon realizing that she's not dead, he hits her again.
- Being Human (both versions) constantly whips between wacky sitcom hijinks and extremely gory supernatural horror, which can be more than a little jarring.
- Brooklyn Nine-Nine:
Jake: If you sing everything as a lullaby, Mac won't wake up.
- Season Three ends with Jake and Holt being forced to enter witness protection to avoid a mafia leader. On the one hand, the thought of abandoning everything you know, including your home, your job, your friends, and your NAME, whilst also having to act like everything is totally normal, is quite ominous. On the other hand.... they get sent to a nice, sunny suburb in Florida!
- In the episode Balancing, Jake and Charles figure out that one of the babysitters Jake and Amy interviewed was actually the serial killer Jake's been hunting, and the stuffed toy he gave them was bugged with a recording device. This would be a lot more horrific if Jake and Charles didn't realize it while speaking To the Tune of... Brahms' lullaby.
- Doctor Who has been doing this for longer than most series could dream of. Granted, it also dishes out plenty of outright Comedy (all flavours), Ham and Cheese and high octane Nightmare Fuel, as well. Being able to do all of this at once, though? It's an art, which individual writers occasionally get horribly wrong. But, when it goes right, it goes very right indeed. Douglas Adams' run is still held up as the benchmark for getting Lightmare Fuel right, for all it was going on before he pitched up and has continued since. For just cause, however. One other great example is "Last Christmas", which contains Facehuggers, Paranoia Fuel Dream Within a Dream shenanigans, and... Santa Claus.
- Red Dwarf wouldn't be what it is without its capacity to make you both laugh and shudder. Often at the same time: the Polymorph, anybody? More Teeth than the Osmond Family... masquerading as a pair of increasingly tight boxers. And, that's just one instance. If the Ending Theme doesn't convince you after that, nothing will.
- Lexx did a fairly good job of balancing on the midpoint between Horror and Sex Comedy.
- Eminem's signature theme is making very funny songs about extremely dark topics. He's able to pull this off largely via his rapping techniques - it's hard to be so upset by violence when it's delivered in a bunch of bizarre and unexpected rhymes, contorted syllables, and with silly voices for the horrified onlookers.
- The Marshall Mathers LP opens with a song about raping and murdering his own mother that's played completely for laughs.
- Encore is one of Eminem's silliest albums but it was made during a severe Creator Breakdown which was leading him to quit rapping - so even the silly songs have subtext about how much he wants to die. It ends with Slim Shady mass shooting his audience and then killing himself, though he's having such a good time that it turns into slapstick.
- Relapse, his Horrorcore concept album about the antics of a pill-addicted Serial Killer, is even darker than the rest of his discography and graphically describes torture, mutilation, incest rape and cannibalism, but handles them in a surreal, comedic way, with scenes of the serial killer masturbating in front of the TV, or getting haunted by the ghost of Christopher Reeve.
- The universe of Warhammer 40,000 is a cruel and unforgiving one, with madmen given power to burn everything they see as heretical, daemons invading worlds through the nightmares of the psychic, where merely surviving to adulthood is an accomplishment... Unless you're the Orks, in which case the universe is a permanent excuse to fight, get drunk, shoot impossibly cool guns and drive really fast without caring where you're going. Where other armybooks get lurid descriptions of the slaughter caused by daemonic incursions or waking up tomb worlds, Orks get things like defeating daemon princes with a defiant gesture involving a power claw and the daemon's groin, or a Waaagh travelling back in time and (possibly) defeating itself. Orks have it made.
The Orks are the pinnacle of creation. For them, the great struggle is won. They have evolved a society which knows no stress or angst. Who are we to judge them? We Eldar who have failed, or the Humans, on the road to ruin in their turn. And why? Because we sought answers to questions that an Ork wouldn't even bother to ask! We see a culture that is strong and despise it as crude.
- One Eldar philosopher (admittedly known as "the Perverse") actually noted this, seeing as the Eldar already fell, the humans are close to falling, but the orks never will.
- Baldi's Basics in Education and Learning is supposed to be a Stylistic Suck Parody of low-quality Edutainment Games. When Baldi gets mad at you and the game turns into a horror game, he will chase after you with a ruler and if he catches you, he will Jump Scare you and a black screen with a spinning fidget spinner (or some other item) appears. You'll meet absurd characters along the way, such as Principal of the Thing sending you to his office for running in the hallways.
- Between Shout Outs to several horror franchises, the (rather unique) player character's attitude, the game mechanics and mood, Blood has plenty of this to go around.
- The entire shtick of the Luigi's Mansion series, with some regions listing "comic horror" on its Content Warnings rather than actual horror.
- Cult of the Lamb is a Lovecraftian cult sim with adorable animal cultists.
- Eversion has the background "music" of World X-6. It's a horribly distorted version of the otherwise cheerful World X-2 music.
- Elite Beat Agents, a very light hearted Rhythm game rife with silly humor, has a zombie-themed level. It features a Doom Guy expy fighting smiling, purple-with-green-polka-dots zombies by throwing peanuts at them (portrayed in first person perspective with a HUD and effects reminiscent of House of the Dead). Not silly enough? The whole thing is set to Survivor, while three guys in snazzy suits and funky haircuts dance cheerfully to it (presumably right next to this poor guy fighting for his life).
- Pizza Tower: The main trio of levels in the fifth world are all based around either horror or horror tropes, but with Pizza Tower's signature humor giving them all a twist. "Pizzascare" is a Halloween-themed twist on the earlier "Pizzascape" level, "Don't Make A Sound" is a parody of killer animatronics (and more specifically, seems to be a nod to Five Nights at Freddy's), and the latter half of "War" features an unnerving (albeit still amusing) twist on Clone Degeneration.
- There is also the boss of the fourth world, an utterly bizarre Oddball Doppelgänger that looks like something oozy trying to puppet a bootleg Peppino and failing at it.
- Sunky.MPEG, the titular main character, a red-eyed entity masked as a popular video game character (Sunky) just wants to give his friends a party and feed them.
- Team Fortress 2: Meet the Pyro reveals that for all the horrific murders the Pyro commits, he's completely unaware of it- he thinks he's living in a Sugar Bowl shooting rainbows at little winged babies.
- Homestar Runner has Marshie and Senor Cardgage, characters who radiate nightmare fuel played entirely for laughs.
- Stand Still, Stay Silent: This comes packed with hilarious, top-quality character interplay... that just happens to have a threat or two skulking quietly undercover if you pause to think. We know for certain the utterly gorgeous scenery definitely has oodles of horror just waiting to pounce, even while we're up to our eyeballs in such wonderful things as kitties and sawblade-trains, too. And, when you do see the Nightmare Fuel and its frenetic action and/or creeping dread either played for drama or, you guessed it, comedy (often at the same time), it's timed to knock your socks off with a barrage of complicated feels before ducking back under the cover of character-based comedy. Yup: if this work doesn't count, nothing does.
- Much of Erma consists of the title character, an insanely powerful Half-Human Stringy-Haired Ghost Girl, playing horror movies scenarios for laughs via the intersection of Erma's sweethearted and innocent nature and love of the macabre. A Poltergeist sending furniture flying around a kitchen as a helpless young woman takes cover? Horrifying. That helpless young woman being the babysitter of the poltergeist that snuck a sip of her coffee? Hilarious.
- Cracked would like you to know that Spiders Are Scary.
- Quite a few articles from the SCP Foundation are simultaneously somewhat scary and hilarious.
- SCP-426: I am a toaster that can only be spoken of in the first person. My entire article is consequently written in this manner, which leads to a great deal of amusement. However, prolonged exposure to me also has some... unpleasant side-effects, leading my previous owners to, be respectively, electrocuted attempting to eat an electrical socket, eating so much bread their stomach exploded, dying of blood loss after attempting [REDACTED] with me, and finally, to suffer from malnutrition after inserting two slices of bread and waiting for them to pop.
- SCP-914's experiment log, in between straight-up funny.
Input: 1 lb. raw ground beef
Setting: Very Fine
Output: [DATA EXPUNGED]. Appeared to be [DATA EXPUNGED] ██████████ started mooing ██████████ bitten subject [DATA EXPUNGED] ██████████ escaped into ██████████ screaming ██████████ [DATA EXPUNGED] hungry for [DATA EXPUNGED]. Subject immediately terminated.
- Similarly, 447. It's perfectly safe as long as it doesn't come into contact with dead bodies. It's a good lubricant, salad dressing and improves gasoline efficiency as long as doesn't come into contact with dead bodies. It seems to be entirely benevolent but must never come into contact with dead bodies.
- SCP-1839, a book about fish that causes readers to begin to think they are fish as long as they read it and either hold their breaths while in the air or try to breathe underwater, causing them to drown. Note that this will not happen to you as you are a fish.
- SCP-1545, a two-person llama suit that causes the wearers to continue playing their characters until their deaths. If the back dies, the front continues to walk around and play the act. If the front dies, the back will keep dancing.
- The Mr. Bucket episode of Board James. A genuinely creepy story, played completely straight, about a man being stalked through his own home by a deranged rapist... and said rapist just happens to be a candy-colored children's board game, cheerfully singing in a Simpleton Voice. You won't know whether to laugh or scream!
- This trope is partly the reason why BuzzFeed Unsolved is so popular. Disturbing murders and haunted places are interspersed with a lot of comedy, often at the genuinely scary situation's expense.
- JonTron does this a fair amount. One of the more memorable examples comes in his Magfest 2014 video, where Jon commits a violent murder and it's played totally straight, complete with Jon's horror at his impulsive actions, desperately dismembering the body and tossing it in the harbor. The "murder victim" in question is a cardboard cut-out of Matt Smith.
- Caddicarus also does this pretty often, particularly once he started shifting to longer-form videos - for example, he addressed lockdown by having the world turn into bricks and brainwash him into staying inside. At first it's Played for Horror, with Caddy becoming increasingly distressed as videos went along, before re-entering comedy territory with him developing a healthy relationship and eventually marrying the bricks.
- The Amazing World of Gumball dips into this frequently. The best example of this is in the episode "The Joy", where a Zombie Apocalypse virus is played completely straight, even though said virus makes everyone puke rainbows and act ridiculously happy. Also, the virus is spread through hugs. This episode currently provides the page image.
- Archer loves this. Highlights include Malory casually killing the ISIS cleaning lady staff in "The Rock" by sabotaging the lift to collapse, Ray bloodily losing his hand in "Pocket Listing", and just about any scene involving Krieger, an Affably Evil Mad Scientist.
- Courage the Cowardly Dog is pretty much made of this, being a genuinely creepy cartoon played for absurdity.
- Gravity Falls had traces of this in its first season, went full force in the second. The highlight being Bill Cipher, a genuinely sinister Omnicidal Maniac who, when he manages to take over the world, treats it all like it's one big party.
- The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy: Most of the series' comedy is derived from the disturbing content and horrible things that happen to the characters. The shining example of this is the Running Gag of Billy getting his face ripped off. Horrifying? Yes. Hilarious? Also yes.
- The Marvelous Misadventures of Flapjack is prone to bouts of some seriously scary imagery that's played entirely for laughs.
- The Ren & Stimpy Show was all about this, at least up until John K. was kicked out from it. The episodes produced by Games Animations also stepped in the territory of Nightmare Fuel frequently - however, with these, it was unintentional and more prone to be genuinely horrifying rather than just used for comedic effect.
- The Simpsons' Treehouse of Horror episodes can dip into this. Many of them manage to be genuinely creepy while still having all the hallmarks of the show's humor.
- In South Park, pretty much anything that gives the audience Nightmare Fuel will also end up making them laugh at the same time such as Kenny's multiple deaths, and Cartman making Scott Tenorman eat his own parents.