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Good luck proving he didn't mean to grab those.

"To see him obviously framed
Couldn't help but make me feel ashamed to live in a land
Where justice is a game."
Bob Dylan, "Hurricane"

Framing someone means providing fake evidence in order to falsely prove someone guilty of a crime. "Frame" here means making someone innocent look guilty by "putting the person in a picture frame of suspicion".

Of course, it results in a need for the Hero to Clear My Name. If the hero has to clear someone else who has been wrongfully accused of a crime, it's Clear Their Name.

Framing the Guilty Party is a subtrope where the party framed is actually guilty. It can be a Subversion or even a Double Subversion of the classic Frame-Up depending on the convolutions of apparent and actual guilt. In a similar vein, in Noir-themed crime dramas the frame can be rehung many times: a white-knuckle version of pass-the-parcel. If the framed party is an animal, This Bear Was Framed. If the framed party is dead, then it's a Deceased Fall-Guy Gambit. If the accuser turns out to be right by complete accident, it may overlap with Accidental Truth and Right for the Wrong Reasons.


As for WHY someone was framed, a common reason to frame someone is to ruin the reputation of a rival, someone whom they think is a bad influence, or someone with good publicity who has not been very good to them. However outright murdering them (even if it's meant to look like an accident) would make them a martyr in the eyes of the public and might make things worse for the culprit. But most of the time, it's to direct blame away from the real culprits, so someone else is framed out of convenience, usually a person who would also have a motive to commit this crime.

See also: Taking the Heat, where an innocent person attempts to put himself in the frame to save someone else, False Flag Operation, where it is an entire organization or nation that is being framed by another, Then Let Me Be Evil, when the framing eventually drives the innocent person into evil, especially what exactly they were framed for, and Mistaken for Murderer, where the misleading evidence arises out of unplanned circumstances. Compare and contrast Abomination Accusation Attack, where the accusation just mentions a type of crime, not any specific instance. Certain forms of a Motivational Lie can be related in spirit.



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    Anime & Manga 
  • In Billy Bat Oswald is set up as JFK's assassin, thanks to three doubles.
  • In the "Wordsmith" whodunnit arc of Black Butler, Ciel and Sebastian frame a blood diamond/arms smuggler for the death of a German ship builder who would've made his country's navy more powerful than it should've been at the time. Sebastian's death was just a "joke" by Victoria, who didn't like Ciel's "prank" of completely burning the last Big Bad and his unsuspecting henchmen and victims.
  • In Blade & Soul Alka is accused by Palam of murdering her master.
  • One of Cat's Eye enemies once framed them for murder. The police saw through this easily (he had described Cat's Eye as tall men, while the police already knew they were women), but played along to both gather more evidence against him (they had already arrested him once for theft of some of Heintz's paintings and arson, but the evidence disappeared and the higher ups had ordered him free) and to try to get the girls careless, only moving for the arrest when they had enough evidence to pin him with murder, perjury and attempted murder of the Cats and after Ai decided she had enough of his shit and started tossing armored dogs around.
  • Deadman Wonderland begins with Ganta being framed for slaughtering everyone in his class, complete with a doctored recording of him confessing and bragging about the deed. The fact that it would've been physically impossible for Ganta to commit the murders is conveniently ignored by the Kangaroo Court.
  • This happens a lot in Detective Conan, the murderers make fake proofs to frame up innocent people.
    • Similarly in The Kindaichi Case Files a lot of murder rely on this. This was even done by Kindaichi (albeit, not a murder case), of all people!
  • Doraemon: Occurs in "Soap Bubbles". Big G draws graffiti, and he gives Noby his chalk to make it look like Noby drew the graffiti.
  • In Dragon Ball Super, Barry Khan, a super-vain actor, attempts to frame Gohan with cheating on Videl with the actress Cocoa. Unlike most examples, Videl sees through his BS and promptly shuts him down with "The Reason You Suck" Speech, proving how far she's come in Character Development from her beginnings as a Type A Tsundere.
  • Fate/Zero:
    • Kayneth El-Melloi Archibald clumsily tries to frame Kiritsugu Emiya by murdering Risei Kotomine with a revolver, thinking that since Kiritsugu uses guns, everyone will think he did it. Nobody is fooled because Kiritsugu doesn't use revolvers; his main weapons are a single-shot Thompson/Center Contender and a Calico submachine gun.
    • Berserker, under Kariya Matou's orders, abducts Irisviel von Einzbern while using his For Someone's Glory ability to look like Rider. This causes Saber to think Rider did it and attack him.
  • Haruhi Suzumiya provides the current page image. Haruhi is able to extort a computer from the Computer Club by making it look like the club president is groping Mikuru. This later becomes a running gag in the Haruhi-chan spinoff, in which it's revealed Haruhi has managed to extort even more computers out of them.
  • In Hell Girl Two Mirrors, Takuma is suspected of killing his father, who was murdered by another man. Unfortunately, the murderer was Dragged Off to Hell just before the police could even see him. That event gives the poor Takuma the nickname "Devil Child". And because of his reputation, the other citizens frame him up whenever they send someone to hell with the Hell Correspondence.
  • Inuyasha: Naraku has tried to frame Inuyasha for his own crimes on three separate occasions: the murder of Kikyo, the destruction of Sango's hometown, and the slaughter of Koga's pack. After initially attacking Inuyasha in retribution, all three soon discover Naraku's involvement and promptly focus their efforts on him.
  • The Great Cleanup in Mob Psycho 100 starts with Student Council members Shinji and Ritsu hiding girls' recorder mouthpieces in the desk and bags of local delinquent leader Tenga, getting him labeled as a pervert and driven out of school.
  • Rosario + Vampire: In his introductory arc, Gin sets Tsukune up to look like The Peeping Tom to cover his own trail; while Moka easily falls for it, Kurumu and Yukari play detective and manage to expose Gin as the real peeper to the entire school.
  • In the series The Seven Deadly Sins where the main group, Seven Deadly Sins were framed for killing the Great Holy Knight and Gilthunder's father, Zaratras, and trying to overthrow the kingdom. It's not yet known who framed them but it's either a Holy Knight or a traitor amongst the Sins.
  • In Snow White with the Red Hair Mitsuhide is framed as being responsible for the attacks on Kiki's suitors. Everyone who knows him realizes that this accusation is insane but he is arrested and forced to hand over his sword anyway. The reason he was chosen to be framed was unexpected in the end, even after Zen, Kiki, Obi and Hisame know for sure who it was that caused the attacks they still fall for the pretense that it was about who would marry Kiki, the sole heir of a very powerful noble family, when the aim was to separate Kiki and Mitsuhide from prince Zen and replace them with retainers loyal to the guilty party so they could quietly assassinate him.
  • In Starzinger, ex-Jerkass Jan Kogo is framed by some villains with time-freezing powers for destroying a spaceship where a bunch of girls were escaping from their doomed planet. It almost works, but Kogo's companion Djorgo realizes that Kogo would NOT fall that low and decides to investigate... Turns out it was a demon lord who happened to get lucky, possessing a high-level general.
  • Underdog: The Serial Killer Hiyuchi's first action in the tournament is to steal the protagonist Naoto's wallet so that he can plant it on the body of a high school girl Hiyuchi just murdered. He then breaks into Naoto's house to place her student ID on his desk.
  • Vinland Saga: Canute has this done to Ketil and his son, to take over his farm, who is one of the most prosperous in the region.

    Asian Animation 
  • In Season 3 episode 22 of Happy Heroes, Big M. tries to make Smart S. look like he's causing trouble with the people of the city by dressing up as him and doing just that. It works, and Smart S.'s loyal group of fans become distraught at him committing the crimes.
  • This is a fairly common occurrence in Pleasant Goat and Big Big Wolf: The Little Detective, with one of the goats being framed for a crime and Weslie having to prove them innocent.

    Comic Books 
  • Barracuda: Back in London, Morkham stole Flynn's pistol and used it to murder Flynn's sister Virginia: forcing Flynn to go on the run.
  • Batman, or rather Bruce Wayne, has to deal with this in Bruce Wayne Murderer and Bruce Wayne: Fugitive after his ex-girlfriend Vesper Fairchild is found dead in Wayne Manor. Lex Luthor hired the assassin David Cain to frame Bruce Wayne for a murder after Bruce ruined his scheme to acquire Gotham's real estate in the aftermath of No Man's Land. The frame-up goes even further than that, though: when Cain deduced that Bruce and Batman are one and the same, he also planted fake evidence suggesting that Vesper discovered Bruce's secret and was about to expose him. This actually makes some of Bruce's allies (except Dick and Alfred, who remain convinced that Bruce is innocent) briefly suspect that Bruce snapped and killed Vesper to hide his secret. The story arc goes on for as long as it does because Bruce doesn't even try to clear his name; rather, he uses this as an opportunity to ditch his identity as Bruce Wayne and become Batman full-time.
  • Invoked in Birthright: A mage disguised as a FBI agent tries to capture Mikey Rhodes (who is pursuing him and his associates) with a SWAT team. When they fail to bring him, the mage then incinerates the whole group, hoping to pin their brutal murders on Mikey and turn him into a national-level terrorist.
  • Judge Dredd: Early on in The Day the Law Died arc, Dredd is framed by the corrupt SJS Judge Cal(igula) for murdering several citizens. Dredd is sentenced and shipped to Titan, but he escapes the transport and clears his name by finding and destroying the robot duplicate that Cal secretly used.
  • Manor de Sade starts out with the protagonist bragging to herself about how she managed to advance in her career by backstabbing his boss with a trumped-up accusation of sexual harassment. He had simply been friendly, but she had pretended to feel harassed. This resulted in him getting fired and her getting his job, just as she had planned. Only the audience (and her mirror) gets to know the truth. Or maybe not.
  • Preacher: Cassidy finds himself in a Serial Killer's apartment just as the cops bust down the door (both sent by the real killer). He gets out of it by stabbing himself in the neck, and is taken out with the rest of the corpses, bumming a cigarette off the morgue employee and leaving. Being a vampire can have advantages.
  • Robin Series: When Cass was drugged and brainwashed she killed Lynx and framed Robin for the murder by using his R shaped batarangs.
  • In Robyn Hood: I Love NY, the mysterious Big Bad frames Robyn for the murder of a columnist who has been very vocal in his criticism of her.
  • Runaways: The Pride frame their kids for all their own murders in an attempt to get them to come back to them. Amazingly, it doesn't help their case.
  • In Sherwood, Texas, Rob and the Jesters frame Gisburn so that the Nobles think that he is The Mole who is betraying their operations.
  • Sin City has two protagonists framed:
    • Marv is framed for murdering Goldie, who was getting too close to the truth about Kevin and his proclivities and to Cardinal Roark's own wrongdoings.
    • John Hartigan is framed for raping Nancy Callahan, the eleven-year-old girl he'd saved from the same crime by Senator Roark's sick Serial Rapist of a son, by Senator Roark himself in revenge for what he did to said son, with the added bastard move of blackmailing him into taking the fall by threatening Nancy's life, resulting in him spending eight long years in prison.
    • In a rare Gang War example, Dwight framed one crime family for attacking another in order to protect the Old Town girls.
  • Spider-Man:
    • Done to Spider-Man on a disturbingly regular basis, and considering his own reputation as a Hero with Bad Publicity, it's not at all a surprise that villains would try and frame him as a bad guy so often.
    • In one issue, when told of possible evidence Spidey is behind a robbery, J. Jonah Jameson surprises his staff by refusing to print it. As he states, he may believe Spider-Man is a crook but "how many times have I printed it, he's proven innocent and I end up with egg on my face?"
    • In a team-up special, Spidey is accused of murder with the Thunderbolts sent after him. MACH-1 (in reality, Spidey's old foe, the Beetle) figures Spidey will return to the scene of the crime. When Songbird asks how he can be sure, MACH-1 replies "because he's innocent. Funny, I'm one of his biggest enemies and I'm one of the few absolutely sure of that. He'd never do something like this." Sure enough, Spidey was set up.
    • Hobgoblin twice does this framing innocent peoples as Hobgoblin's true identity. The first time with Flash Thompson as revenge for insult the villain on television. Later with Ned Leeds that is Brainwashed and Crazy in believe to be Hobgoblin.
  • In X-Men Noir, Anne-Marie Rankin framed Captain Logan for the murder of Jean Grey by killing her with Wolverine Claws. However, between this and the Orgy of Evidence she provided, Thomas Halloway had her figured for the killer almost immediately.
  • Disney Mouse and Duck Comics: A peculiar one in the story "The League of The Zombies" (1994) by writer Bob Langhans. Throughout the story Mickey Mouse sees monsters (specifically zombies) than nobody else can see. He has strange and humiliating things happen to him, and people do not believe him. An increasing number of characters are convinced that Mickey is hallucinating and/or going crazy. The situation is specifically set up by the Phantom Blot to convince the public that the famous detective has gone mad. The rest of the Blot's plan is killing someone close to Mickey and framing Mickey for the murder, counting on the public's belief that Insane Equals Violent.
  • Frank Miller's RoboCop, based on Frank Miller's original RoboCop 2 script sees Dr. Love and the Rehabs have Sgt. Reed killed, Kong as RoboCop 2 massacre a subway station, and blame Murphy for both to discredit him.
  • Wonder Woman:
    • Wonder Woman (1942):
      • Dr. Psycho steals the War-Prevento Machine disguised as Wonder Woman, thereby framing her for the theft.
      • Elektro tries to frame Wonder Woman for a series of bank robberies by using a robot duplicate to commit them, but no one believes his attempt to defame her and the fact that the crimes are being committed by a robot is quickly made public in a fight with the real Wondy.
    • Wonder Woman (1987): While most of the "villains" White Magician fights really are criminals of some flavor or another who are taking advantage of the stolen Star Labs tech the Magician is helping flood Boston's criminal market with, at least one is a teenager who White Magician is able to essentially turn into a puppet whom he then fights, sets on fire and frames as a super-villain even though the kid wasn't in control of his own body.
  • The Unbeatable Squirrel Girl: Sinister scientist Melissa frames Squirrel Girl for animal attacks in New York. Even after Doreen captures her, Melissa gloats she'll never be trusted again and Melissa will skate by on charges. At which point, the cops and media have their phones blown up by messages from just about every other hero in the Marvel Universe talking of how much Squirrel Girl can be trusted, this is an obvious frame-up and a few (Thor and Hulk) warning that "you arrest her, you answer to us." Not surprisingly, the cops decide anyone who has the backing of so many heroes can't be the bad guy and arrest Melissa.
  • In Legion of Super-Heroes books it happened more than once, but most notably during the tail end of Pre-Zero Hour Vol 4. The Legion is accused of aiding perennial bad guy alien race the Khunds by Universo. Hunted by the authorities, the team adopts a new set of heroic identities and sets out to clear their (original) names.
  • Superman:
    • In Who is Superwoman?, the titular villain murders Agent Liberty and then tries to frame Supergirl for it via falsified photographic evidence.
    • In Strangers at the Heart's Core, Shyla Kor-Onn uses footage where Lesla-Lar is impersonating Supergirl as making deals with Lex Luthor to make a judge believe Kara is secretly a criminal.
    • In Starfires Revenge, the eponymous Queenpin frames Supergirl for her minion Derek's death, whom Starfire herself got assassinated.
    • In Power Girl (2009) #24 and #25, Rayhan Mazin was flying from New York to Gotham when his plane threatened to crash. Mazin used his weather-controlling powers to right the ship and get it to land safely, but unfortunately it was thought he was the one who caused the plane to go down. Mazin surrendered willingly, thinking he would be released once he could explain. Six months later, he remains in Renatta detention facility. Nobody believes him and he is worried about his ill father, whom he isn't allowed to speak to. Mazin escapes to see his dying father, with Power Girl and Batman attempting to capture him. Mazin summons a hurricane above Gotham and slips away while Power Girl goes to undo it. Mazin visits his father as he dies and Batman believes his story, stopping some security men from going inside. Later Power Girl apologizes to Mazin for getting him locked up. Batman is looking into Mazin's case and has found out some federal investigators were interested in apprehending a metahuman terrorist, so they framed him to get more funding.
  • Star Wars:
    • Star Wars: Captain Phasma, Phasma plans to set up Rivas as the one that deactivated the shield for the Resistance.
    • Star Wars: Darth Vader: Vader frames Oon Ai, the officer Tagge had assigned to be his minder, with having ties to the pirates to both embarrass Tagge and to get rid of his watchdog.
    • Jango Fett: Open Seasons shows that during the Mandalorian Civil War, the radical Death Watch faction framed Jango Fett's True Mandalorians for murdering civilians, leading to them (save Jango, obviously) getting wiped out by a Jedi strike team led by then-Master Dooku.

    Comic Strips 
  • Modesty Blaise: As the title indicates, "The Murder Frame" involves a particularly expert frame job that puts Willie in the frame for murder. He goes on the run and he and Modesty have to employ all of their resourcefulness—plus the aid of some friends in high (and low) places—to prove his innocence and bring the true culprits to justice.
  • In a Little Orphan Annie, Vader frames Oon Ai, the officer Tagge had assigned to be his minder, with having ties to the pirates to both embarrass Tagge and to get rid of his watch dog.

    Fairy Tales 

    Fan Works 
  • Clouded Sky protagonist Tobias Talltree is at one point framed for stealing and abusing another Guide's Pokémon.
  • In Death Note fanfic If It's Not Me, It's You, Light, after giving up his memories of the Death Note, comes up with a theory that Ryuzaki is Kira and framed him for it.
  • The Tainted Grimoire has two separate instances.
    • Crockett was framed for poisoning Micaiah.
    • An innocent man named Hans was framed for poaching.
  • Dirty Sympathy have Klavier, disguised as Kristoph, helps Olga Orly kill Shadi Enigmar in self-defense and pin the blame on his brother. Apollo frames Daryan for the murder of Romein LeTouse after his Batman Gambit on Machi killed the wrong man.
  • In Book 2 of Event Horizon: Storm of Magic, the Company has VIDI kill King Theodred and plant evidence to make it look like Grima Wormtongue did it.
  • In the Alternate Universe Worm fanfic Intrepid, Vociferous uses Shadow Stalker's powers and appearance to break into the Rig, poison Piggot, and kill Armsmaster.
  • The Unabridged Memoirs of Darth Plagueis the Wise: Plagueis uses his connections to frame Chancellor Farr for embezzling funds from a relief organization and diverting them to a Rim Liberation Front-aligned group on his homeworld, thus leading to his impeachment and weakening the Republic even further.
    • Plagueis later replaces Dooku's dead man hologram recording confession of his crimes (which also implicates Plagueis) with a forged copy wherein Dooku (actually Zam Wesell impersonating him) instead confesses to being Darth Sidious.
  • In Arcadia or Bust, Claire and Merlin meet Bill Miller, the alledged executive director of the Harrisburg Mineral Museum. When he learns of the Heartstone, he tries to buy it off of them to replace the calcite that was stolen (which is the very crime Jim was being arrested for under suspicion). When they turn down his offer, he threatens to tell the police that the Heartstone is the stolen calcite and falsely send Jim to prison.
  • Ash is framed for the murders of Iris, Tracey, and Misty in The Final Battle.
  • A common Fandom-Specific Plot in Harry Potter is Harry being framed for murder and sent to Azkaban.
  • Warriors Rewrite: Yellowfang is framed by her son Brokentail of murdering kits. Killing kits (and healers) is the greatest crime that a warrior can commit. This would usually be punished with death, but Brokentail let his mother off with an exiling instead. Yellowfang, now "Yellow", is taken in by ThunderClan, who recognize that she has been framed.
  • Fractured Fates: Asuna Izumi is on the receiving end of this in Chapter 2 for Kaneki's murder.
  • Loved and Lost:
  • Total Drama What If Series Scott frames Sky for stealing everyone's possessions in a way to get her eliminated due to her being one of the most helpful players.
  • J-WITCH Season 1: Prince Phobos' narrative POV in "Enter The Oni" makes it clear that he really didn't kill his parents, but someone else did a really good job of making it look like he did. The rumors of his supposed crime ruined his attempts to bring order to Meridian after the infant Elyon disappeared, setting him on the path towards becoming the Knight Templar dictator he is now.
  • For the Glory of Irk:
    • The traitor among the Syndicate crew steals the BFG they were transporting and alters the security footage to look like Lor did it. It takes Dib using Q's psychic powers to expose the spy to clear Lor's name.
    • As it turns out, the Control Brains caused the deaths of Tallest Miyuki and Spork, and let Zim take the blame for it.
  • In New Blood (artemisgirl) this is done to Rhamnaceae Rookwood in regards to the Chamber of Secrets openings/attacks by using some of Tom Riddle's blood and a medallion shaped like a Dark Mark. Hermione is able to save them from prison time as they were supposedly possessed.
  • In Recovery None, upon returning to Freelancer Command, Wash is shocked to discover he was framed for stealing equipment from Project Freelancer as part of a Deceased Fall-Guy Gambit.

    Films — Animation 
  • Buster & Chauncey's Silent Night: The two thieves posing as the Duke of Roche and Lady Gretchen kidnap Christine and decide to have her take the blame for their theft of the church's treasures.
  • In My Little Pony: Equestria Girls, Sunset Shimmer, Snips, and Snails doctor some photos to make it look like Twilight Sparkle trashed the Fall Formal decorations. Flash Sentry manages to find the original photos and clear her name.

    Films — Live-Action 
  • In .45, a hooded figure takes Big Al's special jacket with his name on it, his registered .45 handgun, and shoots Clancy.
  • In Andhadhun, Simi and Manohar frame an innocent man for the murder of Mr. Sinha by planting his watch in a urinal for the guy to find.
  • ...And Justice for All: Jeff had the knife which a guard was stabbed with planted in his cell, leading him to be sentenced to five years in prison.
  • Assault on Wall Street: Jim uses a trick to at least temporarily make Stancroft look like the killer, and is safely escorted out by the police.
  • The Assignment (2016): After shooting Jane's mooks, Frank makes it appear like her assistant killed them before being shot himself by putting the murder weapon into his hand. The police buy this, and don't believe her that he did it.
  • Babes in Toyland: When Barnaby frames Tom-Tom from Pig-Napping Little Elmer.
  • A unique case in Beyond a Reasonable Doubt as author Tom has himself framed for murder in order to expose how the system can get the wrong man. However, it turns into a classic case of Gone Horribly Right as the only person who knew the truth is killed before he can provide the evidence of what's happened and thus Tom faces the electric chair.
  • In Black Patch, Frenchy De Vere attempts to frame Morgan for murder by having Holman bust Danner out of jail and then shoot him in the back. However, Holman botches the job by killing Danner too close to the jail.
  • Blame 2017: Melissa uses the fact her phone was taken by Mr. Woods (due to her using it in class) as alleged evidence he'd gotten her to send him risqué photos, since they were still on it. She actually took them for Eric.
  • Breaking the Girls: Sara reluctantly agrees to murder Nina as Alex insisted, but when she arrives at the house David has been murdered already, with it looking like she did this. The police were tipped off and arrive while she's there, arresting her immediately.
  • The Bullfighters had a flashback when Richard K. Muldoon was framed for a crime he did not commit. And was upset that the boys ruined his life. Now, He threatens to skin them alive.
  • Despite being a typical 1980's cop thriller staring Chuck Norris, Code of Silence goes where other such movies don't go with a subplot where a Defective Detective shoots dead a black youth and then plants his backup gun on the corpse to make it look like self defence.
  • In The Con is On, a flashback shows how Sidney planted drugs on Peter which resulted in him spending three months in a Turkish jail.
  • In Crooked House, the murderer stages a very effective frame-up of Brenda and Laurence; creating some extremely damning evidence and carefully leading Charles to it in such a way that it seems like he discovered it. It probably would have stuck if they had not committed another murder.
  • The Crush: When Nick refuses her advances, Darien frames him for raping her, which results in his arrest and losing his job.
  • The Canadian film Deception has protagonist Max Gardner accused of murder when two people are suddenly killed, while a woman was attacked with a knife. As it turned out, the true killer was Max's wife, Dina, who suspected Max of cheating on her and committed the murders and the knife attack as part of her villainous plan to frame husband. She is revealed when she attempts to kill Erin Greer (Max's girlfriend and the reason for Dina becoming a Woman Scorned), but she ends up shot and killed by Max.
  • Disclosure: Tom Sanders is passed on his expected promotion as vice president of Digicom by his ex-lover Meredith Johnson. She invites him to a meeting in her office later that day under the pretense of discussing recent problems with a CD-Rom drive and instead aggressively sexually harasses him (seemingly interested in reviving their former relationship), and he ultimately turns her down. The next day, he discovers she has falsely accused him of the harassment, which puts his career and family life in jeopardy. Turns out she did this in order to distract him to actually frame him with the CD-drive problems, considering she changed and sabotaged the production line, which was his responsibility. In short, she framed him for the sake of just cutting costs to appease the ongoing merger.
  • Two of the leads in Down by Law end up in prison due to this.
  • Extreme Measures: Luthan has medical cocaine planted in his apartment when it's broken into by the dirty cops, to get him arrested and fired from the hospital so he can't investigate the disappearances further.
  • Firewall: Bill Cox proceeds to frame Jack for the bank robbery, leaving a false motive for his bank that he is a gambler, and even after he plans on killing the family and ordered Jack to be killed, he proceeds to frame the wife for having an affair with Harry and framing Jack for killing him in a jealous rage.
  • Subverted in Framed, because the title would make you expect it to happen but it doesn't. (At least according to the review at Something Awful.)
  • The Fugitive revolves around Richard Kimble trying to prove his innocence, after escaping from the crashed prison bus that was transporting him to death row after being convicted of murdering his wife.
  • In The Hands of Orlac, Orlac finds his father stabbed to death with a distinctive knife he had in his possession earlier. The fingerprints of his new hands are all over the crime scene, and the note that lured the old family retainer away is written in Orlac's new handwriting. Due to his Sanity Slippage, Orlac cannot be certain that he didn't do it. However, unlike most characters in this predicament, he chooses to go straight to the police and report the crime rather than trying to conceal it or fleeing. The scene was actually staged by Nera to make Orlac susceptible to blackmail.
  • In The Hand That Rocks the Cradle, the villain Peyton considers it convenient to get rid of Solomon. So she steals the panties of their employer's five-year-old daughter and plants them in his room. With this "evidence" in place, she starts accusing him of pedophilia.
  • In Hangmen Also Die!, La Résistance cook up an elaborate one for The Mole so he would be blamed for the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich.
  • Hercules (2014): King Eurystheus drugs Hercules' drink, and when he falls asleep, sends wolves to kill his family. Hercules then wakes up to find himself next to his family's bodies and covered with their blood, making everyone, including him, think that he killed them in a fit of madness.
  • The Hurricane, 1999 American biographical film starring Denzel Washington as Rubin "Hurricane" Carter.
  • An Innocent Man has main character James Rainwood framed by two DirtyCops after they raid his house by mistake due to mixing it up with a drug dealer's, to cover themselves, and must then clear his name.
  • Kick-Ass: Damon McCready was framed by dirty cop Vic Gigante, who works for the D'Amico crime family, because he was trying to bring them down. This destroyed his life and cost him his wife (who killed herself in despair while he was imprisoned).
  • In Lady in Cement, Danny Yale is stabbed to death with a knife taken from Tony's boat, which has Tony's finderprints on the handle. Tony's Friend on the Force Lt. Santini tells Tony that he knows it is a frame-up, but he is still going to have to take him in.
  • In the first Legally Blonde movie, Elle Woods' client is a fitness guru who maintains innocence of killing her husband to get ahold of his business assets. In the climax of the trial she questions the stepdaughter, about the day of the murder, and reveals that she was taking a shower after a hair treatment. Elle then says that showering within 24 hours of the treatment would have neutralized and washed off the active ingredient. Further questioning reveals that the stepdaughter was disgusted with her father marrying someone as young as her, and on the day of the murder, she planned on ambushing her stepmother, but ended up killing her father.
  • Licence to Kill: Bond manages to frame one of Sanchez's minions, Milton Krest, of plotting against him, knowing Sanchez would furiously murder him in response. Bond tried to assassinate Sanchez on his own before he was interrupted by rival agents, but circumstances lead Sanchez to believe that the people who captured Bond were responsible for the attempt on his life. Bond then plants several clues for Sanchez to conclude that Krest betrayed him, such as claiming that the "hitmen" were paid by a man who fits Krest's description, and stashing money Bond had previously seized from Sanchez's operation inside Krest's ship for him to find. Not helping Krest either is the unbelievable nature of Bond's prior escape making him sound like a desperate liar.
  • Minority Report starts as John Anderton thinks he was set up when the Precogs see a vision of him committing a murder 2 days later. When he arrives, it turns out that the victim himself is being framed, with many pictures of Anderton's disappeared son to rope Anderton into killing him. He tries arresting the victim instead, but since the guy's family would be handsomely paid if he died, he commits Suicide by Cop. Danny Witwer names the trope Orgy of Evidence in response to the crime scene, but a little later, Anderton is framed for Witwer's murder when the Big Bad shoots him with Anderton's gun.
  • Murder on the Orient Express (2017) opens with Poirot solving a robbery in Jerusalem: three religious representatives - a rabbi, a priest and a imam - are charged with stealing a precious relic from the Church of the Holy Sepulcre, so either one of them did it and tried to frame the other two. Who is the culprit? None of them, they were innocent. The robber was none other than Jerusalem's chief of police himself, who tried to frame the three holy men.
  • In Napoléon, Pozzo di Borgo agrees to fabricate evidence for Saliceti when the latter wishes to accuse Napoleon of espionage.
  • Payback: Porter takes care of two corrupt police officers with this method. He shoots a man with a gun with Cop A's fingerprints (which he leaves at the scene), then plants Cop B's badge (which he had earlier stolen) on the corpse.
  • The Parallax View: Frady ends up being the fall guy in another assassination, just like what happened with the one at the start of the film, which he was trying to solve.
  • Ricochet: Blake goes into Nick's house disguised as a power company technician, drugs the babysitter, takes Nick's sleepy daughters to bed, then shoots video of himself threatening the little girls. When Nick sees the video, he goes paranoid quick. Of course, that's just the reaction Blake wanted.
  • In Rimfire, The Abilene Kid is framed for cheating at cards and executed after facing a Kangaroo Court.
  • In Road House, Jefty frames Pete for grand larceny and presses charges against him. Jefty then convinces the judge to make him Pete's parole officer, so he can control Pete’s every move and make sure he doesn’t run away with Lily.
  • RoboCop 3 sees Rehab commander Paul McDaggett publicly blame his murder of Murphy's partner, Lewis, on Murphy himself.
  • The Roommate: After learning Professor Roberts came on to Sara and forcefully kissed her, Rebecca frames him for attempting to rape her, making a recording so he's fired.
  • A lighter version in Shall We Dance? (1937): Desperate to keep musical star Linda from marrying an Upper-Class Twit and retiring from the stage, her penniless producer frames her for being already secretly married to Peter, a ballet dancer. He does this by sneaking into Peter's hotel suite with a wax dummy of Linda (made for one of her stage shows), photographing a scene that appears to be Linda in a nightgown hovering over her sleeping husband, and then sending the photographs to the newspapers.
  • In Silver Lode, McCarty frames Ballard for murder and theft by forging a warrant, and later frames him for additional murders by making it look like Ballard killed people McCarty himself killed.
  • Played With and played straight by the titular Serial Killer of The Snowman (2017). The first time he murders a detective who is getting too close by blowing his head off with a shotgun and leaving his Calling Card of a snowman behind (planting the head of a snowman on the remains of his victim's neck) but as the body is not discovered until after the snow had melted and since the detective in question was largely disliked by the incompetent police that found him, it was written off as a suicide. Years later the killer, having realized this happened, murders another man in the same style and frames him intentionally, this time leaving some of the mutilated remains of his victims in the man's home for good measure.
  • Spider-Man: Far From Home: In The Stinger, doctored footage makes it look like Spider-Man murdered Mysterio and was responsible for the attack on London.
  • Switch (1991): Margo Brofman (JoBeth Williams), one of Steve's exes and his killer, leaves the gun with which she killed him in his apartment to frame Amanda for the murder.
  • Switchback: The killer had an accomplice (seen early on) or dupe who helped him kidnap LaCrosse's son. When the FBI were closing in, he left evidence after murdering the guy (staged as a suicide) to make it look like he'd been the killer, so they'd declare it closed. LaCrosse didn't buy this, and kept hunting.
  • Talk of the Town involves an unscrupulous mill owner burning down his mill for the insurance and framing Leopold Dilg (Cary Grant), who was blowing the whistle about unsafe mill conditions.
  • Tango & Cash: Both protagonists are framed by gangsters for murder to get rid of them, so they won't keep shutting down their drug business.
  • In The Terror of Tiny Town, Bat Haines frames Buck lawson for the murder of Tex Preston.
  • The Thin Blue Line is a documentary of the Real Life case of Randall Adams, framed by the Dallas police for the murder of one of their own by a teenage boy.
  • In Tragedy Girls, this is basically Sadie and McKayla's Evil Plan: go on a killing spree, report on their own murders for their website, thus achieving international fame, and then pin the blame for the killings on Lowell, who they're currently holding hostage. Of course, Lowell is a Serial Killer, too, so it's not like he's an innocent in all this. While it doesn't go quite as smoothly as they anticipated, the plan works. The last scene shows that the cops did indeed blame Lowell, who is by then too dead to care.
  • In True Believer it turns out that Shu Kai Kim was framed to protect a confidential informant by the district attorney and police.
  • Turkey Shoot: The 2014 film has Rick Tyler, a Navy SEAL who was framed for murdering woman and children, then hunted by assassins on a TV program.
  • In The Two Faces of Dr. Jekyll, after killing Littauer, Hyde stages a struggle and frames Jekyll for his crimes.
  • Vabank is about an elaborate frame-up of Kramer, who actually does regularly steal from people, just in much less showy ways than what they nail him for.
  • The plot of Valentine kicks off with one of these when Dorothy Wheeler falsely accuses Jeremy Melton of sexual assault at a middle-school dance, corroborated by three of her friends. He was subsequently sent to reform school and a mental institution after that. Suffice it to say, Jeremy's less than pleased over what happened to him that night and intends to murder Dorothy and her friends for ruining his life. At the end of the film, Jeremy, now known as Adam Carr, puts Dorothy in his costume and throws her at his girlfriend Kate, who was the only one of the group of friends who didn't frame him. When Dorothy tries to sit up, Adam "saves" Kate by killing Dorothy and "unmasking" her, framing Dorothy for his crimes like she did him.
  • In Watchmen, Rorschach is framed for the murder of Moloch.
  • In Whirlpool, Korvo uses hypnoses to frame Ann Sutton for the murder of Teresa.
  • Who Framed Roger Rabbit: As the title indicates, Roger is framed for the murder of Marvin Acme.
  • In Who's That Girl, as seen in the Animated Credits Opening, Simon Worthington's lackeys Raoul and Benny kill Nikki Finn's boyfriend Johnny, stuff him in the back of Nikki's car, and make it look like Nikki had killed him in a crime of passion.
  • Wild Things 2: After getting fired, Terrence attempts to blackmail Brittney and Maya. Instead, Brittney shoots Maya dead, then frames Terrence for her murder before skipping the country.
  • Wolves: Cayden didn't actually kill his parents. Wild Joe just made him think he did, so he'd go on the run to find his origins.

  • The villain's Evil Plan in the ninth Alex Rider book, Scorpia Rising, is to frame Alex (and, by implication, the British government) for the assassination of the American Secretary of State, and use the evidence to blackmail the government. Had it succeeded, the evidence would have been fairly damning, as the (intended) real killer was Alex's clone. Sort of.
  • In the Book of Genesis, Joseph pulls this against his brothers, planting his own valuable goblet in Benjamin's grain bag, then having Benjamin arrested for "stealing" it. It's all part of a Secret Test of Character, to see if the other brothers would abandon Benjamin, like they had abandoned Joseph himself years ago. (They pass the test by begging for mercy towards Benjamin, so Joseph comes clean about the entire ruse.)
  • The Cat Who... Series: In book #19 (The Cat Who Tailed a Thief), part of the plot involves a string of thefts, the work of a kleptomaniac, in December. Most of the stolen goods turn up in Lenny Inchpot's locker, which Qwill finds suspicious; by the end of the book, he's vindicated when it's proven that someone involved with the real thief had stashed them there as a frame job.
  • Dashiell Hammett's detective The Continental Op treats all investigations as a frame-up: he gathers evidence, discovers likely victims, and then attempts to get one into the frame. If they are guilty, then that's nice but incidental to getting paid.
  • The Crowner John Mysteries: In Crowner's Quest, the conspirators frame John for rape so he can be tried in a Kangaroo Court and executed.
  • The backstory of the Dr. Thorndyke novel Mr. Pottermack's Oversight involves a bank clerk being framed for a series of forgeries that were actually committed by one of his colleagues.
  • In Speaking with the Dead by Elaine Cunningham (Realms of Mystery) Elaith Craulnober (of all people) was accused of a murder but swore that he didn't do it. And Danilo Thann (of all people) had to defend him...
    Danilo: Consider my dilemma. Even under the best of circumstances, "innocent" is not the first word that comes to mind when your name is mentioned.
  • Isaac Asimov's "Galley Slave": Professor Ninheimer is a sociologist who has been writing a book for over eight years. When it finally gets published, the book is a travesty, and he claims that the robot used to proofread his work is responsible for the changes. Therefore, he is attempting to sue US Robots. However, he made the changes himself, and ordered the robot to keep silent about the issue.
  • In Gone Girl, the plot centers around a man being framed for the murder of his wife. Framed by whom, you may ask? By the wife herself.
  • Harry Potter: Sirius Black was framed for the murder of Peter Pettigrew and twelve Muggles, as well as for betraying the Potters by telling Voldemort where they were hiding away by Peter Pettigrew, who was the one that betrayed the Potters and faked his death by destroying the street he and Sirius were in (killing the Muggles in the process) and transforming into his rat form.
  • In At All Costs, the Republic of Haven is framed for several assassinations. This is so successful that it prevents the peace talks from happening, which leads to the biggest battle in the entire series of books, with the Manticore system itself under attack.
  • In Last Sacrifice, Rose is framed for the murder of Queen Tatiana Ivashkov.
  • Star Wars: Lost Stars: Ciena's mother is framed for embezzling money from the mine on Jelucan, though her strict code of honor would make it unthinkable. Though the culprit is unknown, it's most likely an Imperial official with connections who made her into the scapegoat for their own crime.
  • In The Machine Gunners, Chas McGill tries to place his school rival and fellow war souvenir collector, Boddser Brown, at the top of the police's list of suspects for having stolen a downed bomber's rear-turret gun by specifically mentioning Brown and the things Chas knows Brown got from the same downed bomber in an essay.
  • Marvel's Spider-Man: Hostile Takeover: Bingham was hired by Fisk to do this to Spider-Man and ruin his reputation. He also blackmails a guy to pose as The Shocker in a hostage scheme to blow up a restaurant.
  • Zack does this to a fascist and sadistic prison guard in The Mental State. [[spoiler:He plants drugs in his office and spikes his coffee with Spice to get him high. This ultimately leads to the guard getting arrested and sentenced to the very same prison he used to work in.
  • The Night Mayor is set in the City, a virtual world modeled on old Film Noir movies. The master criminal Truro Daine hides out in the City to escape justice in the real world, and Tom Tunney is sent in after him. Daine fakes his own death in a way that makes Tunney appear the only suspect, so that Tunney has to concentrate on avoiding the City's police.
  • Nina Tanleven:
    • In The Ghost in the Third Row, the villain of the story tries to sabotage the play and frame the Woman in White for it. She also believes that her father Andrew Heron was the subject of one over the death of Lily Larkin and that Edward Parker was the real killer. She’s wrong.
    • During the climax of The Ghost in the Big Brass Bed, the villain decides to kill Nine, Chris and Phoebe, and intends to make it look like the result of a break-in. Fortunately, they’re stopped.
  • In Pact, Duncan Behaim frames Blake Thorburn for the murder of an eight-year-old boy by the simple expedient of sending police to find him when he's trying to find the corpse of said boy while consulting the boy's ghost. The ghost isn't very happy about this, but as Duncan is an experienced wizard as well as a police officer he is unconcerned. Unfortunately for him, Blake is able to subsequently break out of his cell and frame Duncan for stealing evidence related to his case (Duncan had, in fact, taken the evidence so that Blake could not use it to arm himself), and when he tries to hit the Reset Button using his chronomancy to remove all memory of the incident from his fellow officers, he discovers that the ghost boy has stolen the charm that he needed to power such a potent effect.
  • In Rock of Ages, Drake Maijstral is a burglar, and famous for it. But he came to Earth for a vacation, not to steal. And if he were here to steal things, he wouldn't be so obvious about it — hiding things in the air ducts in his own room! That's an amateur move, and he's a professional! But somehow, the police aren't convinced by this argument. And jail's not the only danger here. Some of the people whose things have been stolen want him dead. If Drake can't find out who the actual thief is, and prove it, his career and his life may both be over.
  • Shadows of the Empire: Black Sun bribes a Rebel to assassinate Luke, and makes it appear the payment came from the Empire. Luke is skeptical though, knowing Vader wants him to stay alive.
  • T*A*C*K: Judge Sweet's daughters pull some destructive Halloween pranks, then try to blame them on two kids who happen to be wearing the same costumes. Unfortunately for them, they pick Will and Toria, who promptly prove their innocence.
  • In Terra Ignota, the story is kicked off when someone frames the Saneer-Weeksbooth bash' for stealing the Seven-Ten list from the Black Sakura newspaper by smuggling the list into their house. Interestingly, the investigators realize very quickly that it's a frame-job, and immediately start asking why anyone would bother to frame the bash'. It turns out to be part of a gambit to get another Seven-Ten list into the public eye, since it wasn't going to be published due to a poorly timed retirement.
  • Twice in Towards Zero. When Lady Camilla Tressilian was found dead, all the immediate evidence points to Nevile Strange, who was heard arguing with her before her death. However, he turned out to have an alibi, as the maid saw that the lady was still alive after Nevile had left the house. Discovery of new evidences then points to Audrey Strange, Nevile's ex-wife... except that turns out to be false as well.
  • In the Transformers Trans Tech story "Gone Too Far", Jackpot & Hubcap are framed by the actual killer for the murder of a popular revolutionary, putting them in danger from the victim's gangster friends. To make matters even more fun for the duo, the police know they're innocent but play along with pretending they're guilty anyway, because they hope the duo will come across the real killer while trying to escape/clear their name.
  • Vorkosigan Saga: In Memory the criminal needs to frame someone, and initially tries the recently cashiered Lieutenant Vorkosigan. This backfires when the investigator who discovers the faked evidence is none other than the intended target. The criminal had already realized how bad things were by this point, but only then started to realize the irony of how the exact gaps of knowledge which ultimately render his crime pointless initially led him to decide to frame somebody who from his perspective and experience seemed a perfect candidate yet was in reality the least likely suspect possible. By the point he realized how bad his position was there was nothing for it but to confess or try a new frame-up despite no longer having the time or freedom to cleanly pull it off.

    Live-Action TV 

In General:


  • Accused: In "Alison's Story" Alison is framed as a drug dealer by her husband and his police captain father so she'll lose custody of their kids. Thankfully, this is revealed, she's acquitted, and they get arrested.
  • Arrow: In season 3, Ra's al-Ghul, impressed with Oliver Queen's tenacity, desires for him to be his heir and the new leader of the League of Assassins, making a threat-veiled-as-prediction that Starling City would turn on him. When Oliver refuses, he decides to have his men dress up like the Arrow and start killing criminals, making good on his threat.
  • Babylon 5: Garibaldi is framed for sabotaging one of the station's hangar bays, and has to find who is responsible before he gets cornered by the Security staff... or the numerous enemies he's made amongst the criminal world of the station. The bad guys turn out to be members of a xenophobic "Pro Earth" organization, including the second in command of the security detail sent to capture him.
  • Batwoman (2019):
    • At the end of "A Mad Tea-Party", Jacob is framed for murdering Catherine.
    • In "Armed and Dangerous" the bodycam footage showing Luke being shot is photoshopped to show that he'd pulled a gun, when he really only had his cell phone. Ryan has to find the meta data with Sophie's help before it gets erased to show it's doctored.
  • Blake's 7: Blake is framed for molesting children rather than simply prosecuted for political "crimes" or killed, to discredit him rather than making a martyr.
  • Happens a few times in Blindspot either for the team or an innocent person.
    • The biggest example is the season 4 finale as, en route to Iceland to stop a terrorist cyber-attack, the team learn too late that criminal mastermind Madeline has been brilliantly setting them up with various events throughout the season and now has convinced the authorities that the entire team is behind this attack and on the run, turning them into fugitives.
  • Bones:
    • Brennan is framed for murder by hacker Christopher Pelant in season 7’s finale/season 8’s opener. She runs away with help from her dad, and Pelant also tries to force her colleagues off the case, but they find the evidence to exonerate her.
    • Booth is caught in a conspiracy in season 9’s finale/season 10’s opener. Three special ops agents storm Booth and Brennan’s home and severely injure Booth. But he is arrested for allegedly killing them when they were serving warrants and spends three months in prison until Brennan blackmails the corrupt judge involved to get him freed. Add in Sweets being murdered and the group gets determined to clear Booth and find the actual guilty parties.
  • The fourth season finale of Brooklyn Nine-Nine has Jake and Rosa trying to bust a corrupt cop only to have her expertly frame them for robbery. At the trial, the woman brilliantly manages to not only destroy their "airtight" alibis but make it look like both are on the take and then sets up a "surprise witness" for the unit to find only to have him testify the duo are corrupt. The season ends with the two sent to jail and season five opens with the rest of the gang trying to prove them innocent.
  • Buffy the Vampire Slayer: In the second season finale "Becoming", after Kendra is murdered by Drusilla, Buffy shows up at just the right time for the cops to assume that she was the one who killed Kendra, with Principal Snyder being all too eager to support that thought. By the time of the third season, Buffy has been cleared of all charges.
  • In an episode of Bull, a medical examiner is accused of falsifying evidence in the trial of a serial rapist/murderer, since her DNA analysis of a pubic hair found on the victim matched the suspect. However, when the same hair was analyzed by three other labs, they did not find a match. Eventually, Bull and his team manage to prove that it was the man's lawyer, who falsified the evidence against the medical examiner in order to have all of her other cases thrown out, including the one against his brother. That he would be throwing an innocent woman in prison doesn't appear to matter to him.
  • The Capture: Shaun insists he was framed for assaulting and kidnapping Hannah with faked video evidence. Not only is he right, Hannah was part of the conspiracy, to expose intelligence agencies faking videos so they could get terrorists convicted.
  • Carnival Row: Piety Breakspear kidnaps her own son, then frames Ritter Longerbane as the party behind it.
  • Charmed (2018): After Trip is accidentally killed, Charity plants evidence at the scene of his death to implicate him in the recent Halloween murders, to Mel's shock and his partner Niko's grief.
  • Clarice: Joe Hudlin is framed as the sole party behind the crimes the FBI is investigating, with a supposed suicide note left after his murder (made to look like he killed himself).
  • Colony: In the past, McGregor was framed for trying to blow the lid on the government conspiracy with the aliens. A huge amount of child porn was planted in his bunker.
  • Control Z: Raúl frames Javier for the hackings, throwing off suspicion from himself.
  • Conviction (2016):
    • The wife of a victim in "Dropping Bombs" murdered him for having an affair by using a bomb a militant Islamophobe designed, implicating him in the process.
    • Earl Slavitt in "A Different Kind of Death" was framed not only for murder, but the original crime he supposedly committed it in revenge for.
  • A recurring plot point of several episodes of Crazy Like a Fox, including "Is There a Fox in the House?" and "Suitable for Framing".
  • CSI Warrick Brown in "For Gedda". He cleared his name only to get shot just afterward by the real killer.
  • CSI: NY:
    • Sheldon Hawkes in "Raising Shane". Serial killer Shane Casey paid a guy to dress like Hawkes and rob a bar, then the money was planted in Hawkes' own hoodie.
    • Probably also applies to Mac, when Clay Dobson jumped off a building and framed Mac for pushing him.
  • Played distressingly straight in Dancing on the Edge when Louie, who was initially excluded as a suspect since he was across town when it happened, becomes the prime suspect in Jessie's murder.
  • Daredevil (2015):
    • The plot of season 1 is kicked off when Wilson Fisk has Karen Page framed up for murder when she attempts to blow the whistle on corrupt activities at Union Allied.
    • After Wilson Fisk kills Anatoly Ranskahov, he has a piece of fabric planted on the body so that Anatoly's brother Vladimir will think Matt is responsible. This is to distract Vladimir while Fisk makes preparations to send bombers to wipe out Vladimir's entire operation. After the bombings themselves, Fisk runs a smear campaign with his connections in the Bulletin to paint Matt as responsible for them, and for the shooting of Detective Christian Blake.
    • In an effort to ruin Matt's life and get revenge on him for the events of seasons 1 & 2, Fisk does this to both his personas—Matt Murdock and Daredevil—in season 3:
      • He initially just tries to have Matt killed, but when this fails multiple times, he takes advantage of his status as an informant to the FBI to falsely "inform" them that Matt is a crooked lawyer who worked for him on various illegal schemes; the FBI agents take this at face value and start hunting for Matt, leaving his civilian identity a wanted fugitive.
      • Since Fisk has figured out by now that Matt is Daredevil, he has his Dragon, Ben "Dex" Poindexter, attack multiple respected institutions (namely, a newspaper office and a church) and kill or maim numerous civilians there while wearing a Daredevil costume in order to turn the press and the public against Matt's superhero identity as well.
  • Dark Desire: Darío's father was framed for murder by his relatives with the aid of a corrupt police detective so they could get his money. Later Esteban (that same detective) also works to frame Darío then Leonardo for murdering Brenda.
  • Dead Man's Gun: In "Buryin' Sam", Sam and his partner Theodore drum up business by stealing a horse and plant it the corral of a suspected horse thief: leaving a deliberate trail for the marshal to follow, knowing one of them will die in the ensuing shootout.
  • Subverted on the first season finale of Designated Survivor. FBI agent Hannah wakes up in a van filled with explosives in the parking lot of FBI headquarters. She manages to drive the van to the river to explode but is arrested with agents saying they found blueprints, explosives and other evidence in her apartment. The conspiracy had assumed that Hannah was investigating them on their own and this will destroy her credibility. What they don't know is that Hannah reports directly to President Kirkman who trusts her completely and doesn't buy this set-up for an instant. Thus, Hannah is only in handcuffs a few minutes before her boss shows up with a Presidential order to let her go.
  • Doctor Who:
    • "Voyage of the Damned": Max Capricorn plots to crash the space Titanic on Earth, destroying billions of lives, in order to frame his own company who voted him out.
    • "Face the Raven": Rigsy is framed for murdering an alien woman named Anah, as part of Ashildr's plan to lure the Doctor to the trap street.
    • "Spyfall" has this happen twice in part 2:
      • When Daniel Barton realizes Ryan, Graham and Yaz are still alive and travelled to the UK on his plane, which the Master had blown up the cockpit of in an attempt to kill the trio, he uses his vast resources to frame the companions for the bombing of the plane, making them fugitives as they try their best to undermine the Evil Plan.
      • The Doctor's plan to escape 1943 Paris involves having Noor Inayat Khan send a wireless message intended to be intercepted by the Nazis implicating the German officer the Master is impersonating as a Double Agent. This gets him held at gunpoint as the Doctor escapes and steals his TARDIS, leaving him on The Slow Path back to the present.
  • A major plot point in Dong Yi — the innocent secret society Geom Gye are framed for murders they didn't commit, and are exterminated.
  • Euphoria: Nate has Tyler framed by coercing him into falsely confessing he assaulted Maddy, and blackmailing Jules into claiming she witnessed it.
  • The Family: Willa framed Hank to insure he was convicted of Adam's murder. It turns out he was innocent. Hank later makes it look like John beat him up as revenge for crossing him.
  • The Flash (2014):
    • Barry's father Henry Allen was arrested for the murder of his wife Nora after the Reverse-Flash stabs her with a knife, making it look like he'd done it since no other normal adult was around.
    • In the Season Four mid-season finale, Barry himself ends up framed. Clifford DeVoe, AKA "The Thinker" transfers his mind to a new body and leaves his old one in Barry's apartment to frame him for his murder.
  • Forever Knight in one of the early season 2 eps, Nick is framed for murder by LaCroix, whom Nick still thought was dead. Things got worse when the DNA Natalie substituted for Nick's vampire blood turned out to belong to the real killer.
  • The Frankenstein Chronicles: Lord Hervey frames John for Flora's murder near the end of the first season.
  • Both the TV series The Fugitive and the film start with a medical doctor framed for murder.
  • Game of Thrones: Tyrion finds himself the victim of this twice. He is framed for Joffrey's poisoning, even though Tyrion looks extremely confused after his nephew's death. It's ultimately a rather poor job, considering that anyone who knows Tyrion would know that, if he did have Joffrey killed, he'd be smart enough not to be holding the poisoned goblet and looking on in Stunned Silence not five feet from the victim. The first time, he's falsely implicated by Littlefinger as having ordered an attempt to murder Bran Stark. He gets acquitted in a trial by combat however.
  • Guilt: Bruno is about to do this with Neville, then sees he's left-handed. As the killer was right-handed, it wouldn't stand up. Later Grace attempts to do this with Finch, putting Molly's missing phone in his car. However, a video recording uncovers this.
  • The Handmaid's Tale: Serena has Nick frame Ray Cushing after he starts looking into June's escape too closely, to get rid of him.
  • The title character of Hannibal is fond of this tactic. Early in season one, he implicates Nicholas Boyle (whose sister was killed by Garret Hobbs) in one of his copycat killings. He later pins the death of Dr. Sutcliffe on Georgia. In the finale, he frames Will for several of his murders. When Will is exonerated partway through season two, he switches targets to Chilton. That last one involved a drugged FBI trainee he'd been holding prisoner for years in advance.
  • In season two of Harrow, a mysterious figure sets out to make Harrow's life a living hell. as part of this, he plants stolen drugs in Fern's apartment and then calls the police, getting her arrested.
  • In the Dark: Darnell is framed for murdering Tyson using planted DNA evidence.
  • JAG: In "Ares", The Mole planted floppy discs with corrupted software code from the eponymous weapons system with an innocent colleague, to steer attention away from his own planned escape.
  • Jake and the Fatman: In "It Had to Be You", a psychiatrist who is a serial rapist plants evidence on one of his patients to frame him as the rapist. Later, he steals the car of one of his victims and uses it to fatally run over the patient, in an effort to frame the victim and close both cases.
  • In the episode "Watching the Detectives" of Justified, Detroit criminal Robert Quarles conspires with Dixia mafia foot soldier Wynn Duffy to frame lawman US Deputy Marshal Raylan Givens for the murder of Raylan's ex-wife's estranged husband. Quarles actually murdered Gary (the estranged husband), but Quarles and Duffy get their crooked FBI connection, Special Agent Barkley, to launch simultaneous local and federal investigations which keeps Raylan stuck in the Marshal's office in Lexington while Quarles and Duffy are free to operate their fledgling criminal empire in Harlan.
  • Kamen Rider Dragon Knight : Kit earned a reputation of a thief during the year following his father´s disappearance prior to the story´s start. He is a troublemaker, all right, but not an actual criminal. His supposed criminal records were set up by Xaxiax as a bad reputation would keep people away from him, which would make him easier to manipulate.
    • Brad Barett, a former motocross racer was framed for sabotaging his rival´s machine to win the race. Xaviax has evidence that can prove Brad´s innocence. Interestingly enough, Brad is essentially a good guy like Kit and while brash and obsessed with winning, he would not cross the line into criminal offense.
  • Law & Order: SVU:
    • In two episodes, Stabler gets falsely accused of being sexually abusive.
      • In the episode "Doubt", the accusation is made by an emotionally disturbed woman who is either traumatized by a real case of abuse or simply an attention-whore who realized just how much attention a false accusation can give her. In either case, she recants her accusation against Stabler and the audience never gets to know if the guy she accused of rape got convicted or not - the episode ends as the jury is about to read the verdict.
      • In the episode "Delinquent", a young sex offender makes up a nonsense accusation against Stabler, and then tries to get his own charges dropped in return for dropping those he made against Stabler.
    • The second-season episode "Taken" starts off with a young woman stumbling out of an elevator during a hotel opening. The staff shuttles her off to the side, and a suspect (who is on the sex offender registry as a pedophile) is later arrested. Turns out it's a scam to get money from the hotel, the supposedly under-age "victim" was in her 20s rather than her mid-teens, the sex was consensual, and the "suspect" was a patsy set up by the girl and her family. Unfortunately, by the time anyone remembers that they have an innocent man in jail, the "suspect" had already been killed in prison (pedophiles being very unpopular in prison populations). Fortunately, that made the woman and her accomplices legally culpable for murder. Disturbingly enough, Munch is the only one who is bothered by the suspect's death (as opposed to being glad the woman and her accomplices didn't get away) and takes the trouble of informing the dead man's ex-girlfriend (who, it turns out, was the same girl the suspect purportedly "molested" when they both were teenagers, he 17 and she 15 and who, it also turns out, was still in love with him and had been for nearly a decade).
  • Liar: In season two, Andrew frames Laura for murder with Oliver blackmailed into assisting him.
  • Happens a lot on Melrose Place from making someone look like they're cheating on a lover to screwing up a business deal with a lot of wild stuff.
    • Matt gets involved with Paul, a doctor who says his marriage is over as he knows he's gay. Coming to the house, Matt finds the alarms on and the police show up just as he discovers the body of Paul's wife. Interrogated, Matt confesses to the affair but is thrown when the police say they have reports of Matt stalking Paul and his wife. Paul bursts in to angrily snap at Matt, who claims his innocence. But when Paul rants on how Matt has been stalking them and now has killed his "beloved" wife, Matt realizes Paul did it and has been setting up Matt this whole time.
    • It's bad enough in season 4 when Peter is wrongfully accused of killing a patient. But then he finds himself carted off by a nutso Kimberly (who is under another personality called "Betsy") who puts him in an insane asylum with the idea he's crazy and thinks he's a famous surgeon.
  • Merlin "Queen of Hearts": Morgana frames Gwen for using magic on Arthur.
  • Double subverted in the fifth-season Modern Family episode "Spring-a-Ding Fling." Gloria accuses Lilly of having broken the glass on her phone. Lilly maintains to both Gloria and Jay that, contrary to what they believe, Joe (an infant at the time) can walk and reach high enough to have gotten to Gloria's purse. When they see Joe walk for the first time at Lilly's prompting, they believe her. Later she confesses to the camera that she actually did it and framed Joe, to the point of taking Joe's shoes off and making fake footprints in spilled baby powder.
    • But in the show's stinger one of her dads asks her why Joe's shoes are on the wrong feet.
  • Murder in the First: Ernie Knubbins plants evidence making one of his subordinates appear to be behind the murder of an undercover cop, then has him murdered while in custody so he can't say otherwise.
  • In the NCIS episode "Frame-Up", Anthony DiNozzo has a murder pinned on him by Abby's lab assistant Chip as revenge for Di Nozzo having gotten him fired from his job at a medical analysis company a few years prior.
  • Next (2020):
    • Next puts out a fake Amber alert saying Ty kidnapped his son Ethan when the two go off the grid to get away from its scrutiny. Ty's nearly beaten up by a group of men before the local police chief intervenes, the alert having been canceled when this ploy gets discovered.
    • Next leads the police to suspect one of the protestors outside FBI headquarters has a gun so they'll use their tasers on him. Within seconds of this occurring, Next has digitally edited the video of the incident captured by the other protestors and released it on Youtube to make it seem as if the man was killed by the police, further inflaming tensions.
  • Once Upon a Time: In the late first season, Regina frames Mary Margaret for killing Kathryn. The case is about to go to trial, and looks hopeless, when Kathryn is found alive.]]
  • Orange Is the New Black: After they accidentally shoot Piscatella, the CERT team makes it look as if he was really shot by the inmates. At first it doesn't implicate any single person, since multiple inmates' prints were on the gun, before Taystree is implicated with false witness statements.
  • The Outer Limits (1995):
    • In "Judgment Day", Declan McMahon was framed for the murder of Caitlin Channing, a former police officer turned guard at Dawlish Security who discovered that he had a criminal record and had him fired from the company. After he learned that his brother Dooley was going to be fired for getting him the job, Declan went to Caitlin's apartment to talk to her but she was already dead. When the police arrived, he was covered with her blood. The true killer was a 16-year-old Championship Pizza delivery boy named Joey. His presence in the building was readily apparent on the CCTV footage but it was doctored by Jack Parson, the producer of the reality show Judgment Day, to remove all traces of Joey. However, they missed Frame 259 which showed a reflection of Joey's trousers. Jack framed Declan as Joey was too young to receive the death penalty and therefore could not have been featured on Judgment Day, which would have interfered with his plan to create a ratings bonanza and get a full 22 episode order for the series.
    • In "Free Spirit", the disembodied spirit of Kevin Lockwood has his vengeance when he frames Dr. Rachel Harris for the murder of Dr. Kate Thornton. Both women were part of Project Free Spirit which led to his spirit being separated from his body. However, Lockwood holds Rachel directly responsible for his current condition since she was the one who actually killed his body while Kate merely delivered the order issued by the US government. Lockwood took possession of Rachel's body and gave Kate a lethal dose of an unspecified drug that the Sleepy Order Sanitarium had in stock. He later took control of Dr. David Strickland's body and goaded Rachel into attacking him. Just as she was about to stab him, the police arrived and he claimed that she killed Kate. The episode ends with Rachel in a prison cell being mocked by Lockwood, now in the body of a guard.
    • In "Afterlife", Stiles' claims he was framed for eleven murders by the US Army. Eventually, the people who did it admit this.
  • The Practice: In the episode "Hammerhead Sharks", the defendant turns out to have gotten set up, as he insisted, by the real killers.
  • Prodigal Son: Malcolm is framed for murdering Eve's murderer with DNA planted on the guy's body. Although reluctant, the police arrest him for it and he's forced to find evidence exonerating himself.
  • Proven Innocent:
    • Heather Husband, one of Maddie's old classmates, still refuses to believe that she and her brother Levi are innocent, and in the first episode, she and her husband Brian decide to frame Levi for assault so that he'll lose his job and get sent back to jail.
    • Kaufman frames a man previously acquitted of serial murders with faked emails indicating he killed Adele's stepmother, ensuring her acquittal on the charge.
    • In "SEAL Team Deep Six", Rachel Clarke was framed by the real killer of her training officer.
  • Pure: Anna is framed by Hector Estrada to make it look like she's the boss of the drug operation. Thankfully, it's uncovered by Abel who turns over the evidence for the police.
  • The first half of the first season of Quantico deals with Alex being framed for a terrorist bombing and having to clear her name.
  • Renegade is about a cop framed for murdering his lover, and is constantly trying to confront the bad cops who framed him.
  • Romper Stomper: Kane makes Jago's accidental death look like murder at the hands of Muslims by spray-painting Islamic slogans and symbols on his wall, adding to anarchist graffiti already there.
  • The Rookie (2018): Nolan is framed for corruption by the Armenian mob with evidence planted in his house.
  • Star Trek:
    • It happens in the Star Trek episode "Court Martial" - Ben Finney fakes his death and frames Captain Kirk for his murder. However, Finney did not count on a) Spock discovering the computer that held the damning evidence had been tampered with and b) Finney's daughter turning over the letters he had written blaming Kirk for denying him his own command.
    • Played with in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "A Matter Of Perspective" - Riker is accused of murdering a scientist working for the Federation in a fit of jealousy. It turns out the scientist was trying to murder Riker (via transporter accident) because he feared his plan to sell his research to another galactic power would be exposed. But the energy beam he used reflected off Riker's transporter beam and destroyed the station's power core, which made it look like Riker used his phaser to blow up the core. Attempted murder of the innocent party turned into a frame job of the same one!
    • In Star Trek: Voyager, Tom Paris is framed for murder.
  • Strange Empire: Slotter claims that all attempts to pin the murders of the men on him are this. He is of course a lying liar who lies. His men commit a real frame-up on two innocent Blackfeet men, claiming that both were found with the loot they took from the men.
  • In the Supergirl (2015) episode "The Darkest Place", Vigilante Man Philip Karnowsky murders a crook that Guardian has just captured, making National City think that Guardian is responsible.
    • In season 4, Lex Luthor has Red Daughter pose as Kara to attack the White House and make it look like Supergirl has gone rogue.
  • Taken:
    • In "High Hopes", Owen Crawford has Jesse Keys arrested as a spy in the middle of the Cuban Missile Crisis on October 24, 1962. He tells the commander of the Hill Air Force Base that Jesse received secret information from Lt. Wiley and planned to pass it on to the Soviet Union in the hope of turning the tide in the Crisis.
    • In "Maintenance", Marty Erickson tells Eric Crawford that his father Owen had him obtain a car for him from the Groom Lake motorpool on October 28, 1962, the night that Anne and Bowen were murdered. After the car was returned, it had 417 additional miles on it. This was the exact distance, round trip, from Groom Lake to the location of the murders. Eric tells the police of Erickson's supposed involvement and he is arrested as an accessory before the fact. This clears the way for Eric to take over the project.
  • The Twilight Zone (1985): In "The Convict's Piano", Mickey Shaughnessy framed Eddie O'Hara for murder in 1928 because he was his rival for Ellen's love.
  • The Twilight Zone (2019): In "Meet In The Middle" this is what happened to Phil when Annie uses him to kill her abusive husband.
  • Why Women Kill: Rita planned to murder her husband Carlo. Alma's plot got to him first, which she uses to frame Rita, along with planting the poison syringe used in Rita's purse.
  • You (2018): At the end of season 1 Joe successfully frames Dr. Nicky for Beck's murder, after Joe buried her body on his property. He also hid his box of incriminating evidence in an old drainage, which includes Benji's teeth and Peach's phone, implicating Nicky in both their murders as well.

  • The Bob Dylan song "Hurricane" about the imprisonment of Rubin "Hurricane" Carter.
    Here comes the story of the Hurricane,
    The man the authorities came to blame
    For somethin' that he never done.
  • In mothy's vocaloid song The Escape of Salmhofer, the Witch, Meta Salmhofer is framed for the murder of Eve Moonlit's children.

  • Death By Dying has two examples in the first episode. Bernard kills her husband and frames the Wild Man for the killing, then her lover Marion pretends to have been tortured by him in order to ruin his reputation so no one has an issue with Marion and Bernard marrying.
  • Dice Funk: In Season 1, the party is framed for kidnapping the lord's son, despite spending the entire adventure trying to save him.

  • In Dawn of a New Age: Oldport Blues, an anonymous letter is sent to the principal that blames a particular group of students for the damage done to the school. This in itself is revealed to be a set-up, with a government agent forcing the principal to blame them all for the specific purpose of drawing out Finn and getting him expelled, even though everyone is aware that he didn't cause the damage to the school.
  • You Have Become Your Avatar: Josh comes up with the idea of framing Identical Strangers in order to get the money and get the cops off their back. Storm suggests that they use cosplayers for the frame-up.

    Tabletop Games 
  • Paranoia specifically encourages this. Depending on play style, this can fall anywhere from "Traitor!" *ZAP ZAP ZAP* to planting and doctoring evidence in advance.

  • In Can-Can, the owner of a scandalous but popular dance hall deals with a crusading judge who is trying to get her closed down by arranging for him to be photographed apparently engaging in the kind of wild living he publicly opposes, causing him to be suspended pending a judicial inquiry.

    Video Games 
  • Dead Rising 2: The bad guys frame Chuck Greene for triggering the zombie outbreak by showing a video of someone disguised as Chuck releasing the zombies.
  • A common occurrence in Deceit. In fact, it is outright encouraged (the game is called "Deceit" after all...). It usually takes the form of an Infected player getting their hands on a scanner and using it on an Innocent player before declaring them Infected over voice chat, but particularly brazen players have been known to drink blood bags in plain view of an innocent player and scream that said player just drank the blood bags over voice chat while starting to shoot them.
  • Do It For Me: In the "Puppet" ending, the girlfriend who manipulated the rpotagonist into killing the students pretends to be a victim when the police arrive, blaming the whole thing on the protagonist and getting them arrested.
  • In Dragon's Dogma, after slaying the dragon, Duke Edmun frames you up for bargaining with the dragon while he was the one who sacrificed his love on the first place. You will then be branded as a traitor and every guard will kill you on sight, there's no way you can clear your name, and you can't kill the Duke either. But here's a twist: If a traitor is what they want, then why not become one?
  • In Ghost Trick, Lynne is framed for the murder of Yomiel by Yomiel. He controls her to shoot his immortal shell, makes sure it's caught on tape, then leaves his body to be found by the police. Since few people see the corpse before Cabanela steals it, no one else notices that it's a person who supposedly died ten years earlier.
  • Happens to the player twice in GoldenEye (Wii) — first for the death of Valentin Zhukovsky, then later for Russian Defense Minister Mishkin.
  • Hypnospace Outlaw: Shortly after midnight, December 31, 1999, the Mindcrash incident occurs, resulting in the deaths of several Hypnospace users. The crime was pinned on Tim Stevens, known on Hypnospace as "T1MAGGEDON", a teenaged hacker who created the Mindcrash virus and released it shortly before the incident occurred. In truth, however, the Mindcrash virus was relatively harmless: the true cause of the Mindcrash incident was Dylan Merchant, one of the founding programmers of Merchantsoft, pushing out an update without properly testing it beforehand and causing the Brain–Computer Interface used to connect to Hypnospace to malfunction. The timeliness of the Mindcrash virus's release mad Tim the perfect fall guy.
  • Shiver: Poltergeist: James the butler, so incensed by Richard Kangale's intent to marry Brenda, a servant-girl, fakes a letter from Richard summoning her to the lighthouse, where she is burned alive. Richard himself dies in a lightning strike trying to summon her spirit, meaning that Brenda, now the poltergeist, never gets the chance to find out he's innocent until Ricardo shows up.
  • Star Wars Legends: Knights of the Old Republic: Subverted. Sunry is accused of murdering a Sith woman, and he says that the case is a complete Frame Up. Evidence reveals that he did do it, and when you confront him with this, he will explain himself. It's up to you if you want to get him free or send him to his death. One interesting element is that the Sith did frame him, but only after the Republic covered up the crime.
  • Yandere Simulator:
    • One way to get rid of rivals is to frame them for murder by wearing gloves (to keep Yandere-chan's fingerprints off) while wielding a weapon that the rival previously used (such as a knife from the Cooking Club). As long as Yandere-chan doesn't get her fingerprints on the weapon and burns any other possible evidence that could tie the murder to her, the rival will become the primary suspect.
    • A non-murder elimination method is to frame the rival for being a delinquent and get them expelled. Ways to do this is planting contraband, stolen goods, or answer sheets in their desk, or steal their phone and take panty shots with them to make them look like a pervert. Present enough 'evidence' to the guidance counselor, and the rival will be expelled.
    • Other characters the player can cause to be expelled are the delinquents. After purchasing the guidance counciler's secret about blaming herself for the delinquents' current state from Info-Chan, Ayano can blame them every time she's caught misbehaving (although same excuse doesn't work more than once). Doing this enough times will get them expelled. Another way of getting rid of them is by making them defenceless. If Ayano gets covered with red paint that mimics blood and lies to the council that the delinquents hurt her with their weapons, they will be forbidden from carrying weapons on subsequent days.
  • Strong Bad's Cool Game for Attractive People:
    • In "Homestar Ruiner", Strong Bad accidentally makes it look like Homestar burned down Marzipan's decorations for her victory party. Also, the only way for Strong Bad to beat Pom Pom in the Race to the End of the Race is to get Pom Pom disqualified by planting Total Load Total Body Energy Enhancement Powder in his locker.
    • In "Baddest of the Bands", Strong Bad tries to get the Two-O-Duo (Bubs and Coach Z) to reunite so they can compete in the Battle Royale of the Bands. Bubs thinks Coach Z has "gone soft", so Strong Bad has to pull three pranks (TP-ing the Stick, throwing rocks through Marzipan's window, and stealing stuff from Bubs' own dang store) and pin them on Coach Z to make Bubs think he's cool again. Later, Strong Bad frames Limozeen, who are serving as judges for the Battle Royale, for various misdeeds Marzipan is feeling preachy about (polluting the wetlands, animal abuse, and objectifying women in the media). This will get her mad enough to sabotage her band's chances with a catchy anti-Limozeen song.
  • Evil roles in Town of Salem will often attempt to frame innocents in an attempt of deflecting attention. The Framer role does this by name, making a target seem suspicious to a Sheriff and changing Investigator results to help the Mafia. The Hex Master and the Arsonist both have similar abilities as well.
  • Yakuza 4; Years prior to the game, Taiga Saejima stormed a noodle shop where a rival family was meeting and killed 18 men, earning him the nickname "18 Counts Saejima" an a 25 year stint on death row. Except he didn't; unbeknownst to Saejima, his guns were loaded with rubber bullets and the real murderer, Isao Katsuragi, followed along to finish the job and fuel his own rise through the Tojo Clan. On top of this, the brother Saejima thought betrayed him, Goro Majima, was waylaid and beaten half to death by Katsuragi's men before being turned over to Shimano for a year of torture, to further isolate Saejima and eliminate suspicion.

    Visual Novels 
  • Ace Attorney has several cases where someone is framed: three of five cases in the first game ( Rise from the Ashes doesn't count, since the framed person was still complicit), two of four cases in the second game, and a whopping 4 of 5 cases in the third game. The trend continues in the second trilogy. In Ace Attorney Investigations, however, it's mostly averted because you're playing as a prosecutor; the only straight plays are when your friends are accused of murder. It's also important to note that the darkest cases of Ace Attorney may cross into Framing the Guilty Party territory.
    • Spirit of Justice includes a unique example of a double frame-up, where the murderer faked a Dying Clue implicating someone's alternate personality, then the framee found it and used it to frame someone else.
  • Danganronpa:
    • Danganronpa: Trigger Happy Havoc:
      • Makoto Naegi is nearly framed during the first case by Sayaka Maizono, the victim. She had intended to kill someone on the night they swapped rooms, but ended up being killed by her intended victim. The culprit, who only found out about the room swap afterwards, went with it when everyone thought he was guilty.
      • Chapter 3's case begins with nearly everyone thoroughly convinced Yasuhiro Hagakure is the killer, but details regarding the costume he supposedly wore while carrying out the murders would have made those crimes impossible.
      • Chapter 5's case is a set up intended to make everyone vote Kyoko Kirigiri as the culprit, set up by the Mastermind themselves since she is potentially the biggest wrench in their plan. And it likely would've worked if the Mastermind had killed Makoto to frame Kyoko as was initially planned, instead of them being forced to improvise after Kyoko intervenes in the scheme.
    • Danganronpa 2: Goodbye Despair: As the second case unfolds, the evidence starts to pile up against Hiyoko Saionji, but a few incorrect details and how perfect the evidence is makes it obvious that it's a set up.
    • Danganronpa V3: Killing Harmony:
      • The culprit of Chapter 2 frames Himiko Yumeno by rigging her magic show to reveal Ryoma Hoshi's body halfway through, making it look like she was responsible.
      • The culprit of Chapter 3 frames Himiko (again) by rigging three different rooms with the same deathtrap used to kill Tenko Chabishira, and asking Himiko to choose which room they will use to perform the occult ritual, making it look like she set it up.
      • During the fourth trial, it is eventually revealed that the victim, Miu Iruma, had planned to kill Kokichi Oma and frame Kaito Momota for it. However, Kokichi saw right through her plan and was able to prevent her from carrying it out by getting one of the others to kill her.
      • Though Chapter 6 doesn't contain a frameup itself, it reveals more details behind one of the prior chapters. The shot put thrown by Kaede Akamatsu in Chapter 1 missed Rantaro Amami, and the Mastermind hit him with an identical one afterwards, fooling everyone - including Kaede herself - into thinking she was guilty.
  • In Shall We Date?: Ninja Shadow, Makoto's route has him framed for at least four murders. The Player Character is one of the few who fully believes that he's innocent. It turns out his Anti-Villain brother Toru is the real killer, looking to frame Makoto to force him join his plans to destroy the Shogunate.

    Web Animation 
  • RWBY;
    • In "Fall", Yang is framed for breaking Mercury's leg after she wins their tournament fight. Emerald uses her illusion semblance to make Yang believe that Mercury is attacking her, and she defends herself accordingly. However, all the stadium and television audience sees is her brutally attack an unsuspecting, passive combatant after the fight was already over and without provocation.
    • In "A Night Off", at Robyn Hill's campaign party, Tyrian is hidden in the crowd. When Watts kills the lights, Tyrian massacres several people while Watts manipulates the security footage to make it look like Penny did it. Penny sees Tyrian and tries to stop him, but he slips away and when the lights come on, Tyrian is gone and Penny is standing on the stage with her blades drawn. Although Ruby sees Tyrian before the lights go out, and is able to tell Ren and Nora who really did it, everyone else present thinks Penny was the attacker. While it takes little time to prove that the footage was faked and Tyrian is the real culprit, by then Mantle has descended into riots, just as Watts planned.
    • In "With Friends Like These", Tyrian frames Qrow for Clover's murder by stealing Qrow's weapon and killing Clover with it. Tyrian even yells that Qrow killed him before escaping. The authorities quickly descend and arrest Qrow.
  • Season 2 of Meta Runner concludes with Dr. Sheridan framing Masa for the death of Lucks by hacking into his Meta Runner arm and forcing him to shoot Lucks point-blank in the head.


    Web Video 
  • 7-Second Riddles: A common plot in the riddles involves characters faking a crime. The riddle part is determining the evidence that proves the crime never happened- and that whoever was being framed for the crime is innocent.

    Western Animation 
  • In the Adventures of the Gummi Bears episode "The Crimson Avenger", a thief frames Cavin for stealing the king's ruby studs by slipping one of them into the boy's pocket, leading to Cavin's arrest. After a few false starts (including Calla being accused of being a crook after she's caught dressing as the Crimson Avenger), Cavin's innocence is eventually proven and the true thief is imprisoned.
  • In Killer Croc's first appearance in Batman: The Animated Series, he kidnaps two gangsters while disguised as Detective Bullock to frame him as part as an elaborate revenge plot against all three for getting him arrested in the past.
  • Batman Beyond:
    • In "Rebirth", the people who murdered Warren McGinnis spray paint "HAHAHA" graffiti all over the place so that everyone thinks the Jokerz gang did it.
    • In "Eyewitness", Batman beats up the Bomb Throwing Anarchist Mad Stan and knocks him out, but Spellbinder uses an illusion to make Barbara Gordon see Batman kill Stan in cold blood.
  • The premise behind the Buzz Lightyear of Star Command episode "Conspiracy". Buzz was framed for an assassination attempt on the Galactic President. Which results in Buzz escaping from custody while in transit to a penal colony, and hunting down the real culprits while being hunted down by his then former comrades.
  • This was how Danny Phantom became a Hero with Bad Publicity thanks to an old enemy of his creating a thorough version of one of these.
    • Ghostwriter also did it to Danny in the Christmas Episode. Fortunately, thanks to his continuous good deeds, everyone got over them except for Jack and Maddie who didn't think there was such a thing as good ghosts. At least until the Grand Finale.
  • The plot of the Defenders of the Earth episode "The Defense Never Rests" revolves around Ming creating android clones of all the Defenders except Kshin and using them to create fake news footage in order to convince the Ilyrians, a race of staunch pacifists, that the Defenders are a terrorist organisation. As a result, the Defenders are put on trial, but Rick, LJ and Jedda (along with Kisa) manage to escape and head for Ice Station Earth, where they find Ming's androids. Having obtained proof that Ming faked the evidence he presented to the Ilyrians, they return to the trial, arriving just in time to prevent their elders from being banished to a distant galaxy. (Though Mandrake appears to have been banished already, he's actually casting one of his illusions.)
  • He-Man and the Masters of the Universe (1983): In "Ordeal in the Darklands", Evil-Lyn and Tri-Klops kidnap Mira and use an illusion to make it look like He-Man and Man-At-Arms did it. As a result, Mira's overprotective father Kor, a very powerful sorcerer, attacks the two. Fortunately, Teela and Orko manage to rescue Mira and Mira tells her father what really happened.
  • John Stewart is framed for destroying an entire planet in season one of Justice League — and framed so thoroughly that even he thinks he's guilty. While the few other Green Lanterns who show up for his trial treat him with scorn (except Kilowog), the Leaguers aren't in a hurry to give up on him.
    Superman: It was all an illusion — a frame-up, as they say on my planet.
  • Kaeloo: Played for Laughs. In Episode 18, Mr. Cat is working as a security guard at a fruit market, and Stumpy steals all the apples and bribes Mr. Cat to keep silent about it. Mr. Cat plants an apple on Quack Quack's (his most hated enemy's) person to frame him for stealing just so he can have an excuse to beat him up.
  • My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic: In "Rarity Investigates!", Wind Rider goes as far as to disguise himself as a mare to frame Rainbow Dash for trying to eliminate Spitfire from a competition. Rarity manages to clear her name.
  • Parodied in Phineas and Ferb where Dr. Doofenshmirtz's plans an action series titled "Doof 'N' Puss", where the opening explains that Perry is framed for a crime he didn't commit, The 1865 assassination of Abraham Lincoln! It even shows a historical drawing of Lincoln at the Ford Theater with a cutout of Perry crudely taped to it.
  • The Simpsons: The classic episode "Krusty Gets Busted" revolves around Krusty the Clown, Bart's favorite TV personality, getting arrested for armed robbery. Despite seeing Krusty's jovial on-air persona getting torn down, Bart and Lisa are convinced Krusty is innocent, and their investigation reveals that Krusty's sidekick Sideshow Bob framed Krusty so he could take his place as host.
  • The events of Skysurfer Strike Force start out when the Big Bad blows up an artificial intelligence lab and pins the blame on the main character's father.
  • Star Wars: The Clone Wars:
    • In the movie, Dooku frames the Jedi in front of Jabba for the kidnapping of his son, Rotta.
    • "Duchess of Mandalore": Satine is framed for murder when the Death Watch assassin hunting her shoots the informant she was having a meeting with.
    • In the final arc of season 5, Ahsoka is framed for the bombing of the Jedi temple and the murder of Letta, who was used as a proxy to deliver the bomb. She's then aided in escaping but further framed with the murder of several clones. On top of that, the real bomber then knocks out Ventress and borrows her helmet and lightsabers, in order to fool Ahsoka into thinking that Ventress is the bomber.
    • "Orders": Chancellor Palpatine claims that ARC trooper Fives, who is trying to uncover a conspiracy surrounding mysterious chips in all the clone troopers' brains, tried to kill him. How convenient that the holo-footage doesn't show the start of the confrontation, only the part with Fives on the offensive. (Also, to be clear, Fives did try to kill Palpatine. The frame-up is that he's made to look like he tried to do this because he's gone dangerously insane, not because he was defending himself.)
  • Star Wars Rebels: In "Through Imperial Eyes", The Mole Agent Kallus frames Lieutenant Lyste as being Fulcrum. It doesn't quite go as planned, however, as Thrawn was already suspicious that Lyste wasn't smart enough to pull something like what happened in the episode, and ends up figuring out Kallus is Fulcrum thanks to something completely different. However, Thrawn and Yularen let the other Imperials, including Governor Pryce, believe that Lyste is the traitor in order to lull Kallus into a false sense of security, leaving Lyste's fate uncertain.
  • On the Wallace & Gromit short A Close Shave Preston frames Gromit for sheep rustling. It even involves a literal frame-up, tricking Gromit into sticking his head through a picture of a butcher and taking an incriminating photo with one of the sheep.


Video Example(s):


Seven Deadly Sins framed

The Seven Deadly Sins are wrongfully blamed for the murder of the grand master.

How well does it match the trope?

5 (3 votes)

Example of:

Main / Frameup

Media sources:

Main / Frameup