For works to qualify for this, the premise, plot and characters have to follow most of the same basic beats, except for some twist that is unique to that work (at least at the time of its release). It has to deliberately invoke enough similarities to an established formula that the intended audience instantly recognizes what it is—the same type of Heroes, the same type of Villains, and the same general setting and plot progression. (For videogames, it may be all of the above, as well as similar controls, mechanics and gameplay typical of the genre.) Granted, by virtue of whatever unique "gimmick" this work introduces, some of these conventions can be Played With or otherwise lampshaded in relation to said gimmick, but they still exist in some form or another. This trope is also not for cases where the only "changes" are minor things like names, superficial appearances, etc., but instead changes that turn familiar ideas on their heads.
Naturally, whether a work succeeds or fails with this structure is based on its own merits, as some will simply become forgotten derivatives and others may redefine a new formula themselves. If they become overshadowed by its copycats, then it may become a case of "Seinfeld" Is Unfunny.
When organizing works on this page or its sub-pages, if the twist itself has become so formulaic that it's become a new Sub Genre, then add the Sub Genre and any works which created a yet another twist to distinguish itself, as explained in the description of said work.
Super Trope to "Die Hard" on an X, Like That Show, But with Mecha, and Recycled In Space. Sister Trope to a What If? story. A Cliché Storm is either an extreme version of this trope, or its extreme opposite; either it has so many cliches that it's indistinguishable from others in the genre, or it has so many that it stands out because of that.
- Blue Marvel: As per Word of God, this character was created based on the question: "What if Superman had been a Black guy?" Answer: we've never heard of him until only now because Politically Correct History was painfully, painfully Averted.
- The Incredible Hulk was the first major attempt to create an flawed costumed superhero. After learning that the monstrous The Thing was the most popular member of the Fantastic Four, Stan Lee decided to take the idea Up to Eleven and make a monster and less than a perfect hero.
- Spider-Man was the first attempt to create a prominent superhero who was also a flawed, but developing Kid Hero. Stan Lee wanted to avoid the practice of making a Kid Hero into a Kid Sidekick, and also wanted the character to naturally grow older and wiser. While heroic to a fault, Peter Parker was very much still a teenager with selfish concerns, personal insecurities, and life lessons yet to be learned.
- Thunderbolts gives the premise: what if the Super Team was actually comprised of villains pretending to be heroes?
- What If?: As the Trope Namer for the What If? trope, this comic explores several hypothetical twists on existing concepts.
- Shrek takes the typical fairy-tale kingdom that you would find in a Disney work and instead casts the ogre as the hero. Most other twists in the plot center around that singular idea, although the sequels flesh out many others.
- Ironically, Die Hard began as an ordinary action movie with a standard Action Hero. Throughout its Troubled Production, Frank Sinatra, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Harrison Ford, Mel Gibson and other big action stars were all considered but turned it down. Bruce Willis' Everyman appearance is what helped shape the film into the Right Man in the Wrong Place story which would later spawn its own derivatives in the "Die Hard" on an X sub-genre.
Buddy Cop Genre
- 48 Hrs. marketed itself on the novel gimmick of pairing a Straight Man and Wise Guy Odd Couple from different ethnicities (Nick Nolte and Eddie Murphy, specifically) in an action/crime film. This led to the explosion of the Buddy Cop and They Fight Crime! sub-genres, especially ones partnering people of different cultures/ethnicities like Lethal Weapon and Beverly Hills Cop.
- Rush Hour is a late example of a Buddy Cop film that distinguishes itself by making its two stars Black and Asian (Jackie Chan and Chris Tucker) and incorporating elements of a Martial Arts Movie into its DNA.
- Alice in Wonderland (2010) created a dark and surreal take on the classic Alice in Wonderland tale (which was already plenty weird on its own) and making a story that is meant perhaps more for adults than children.
- Enchanted was a live-action Disney film that placed the characters from the archetypical Disney story in the real world, and then poked fun at and subverted many of the standard tropes you'd find in such a story. At the time, this was a very novel idea, as most movies of its type played the subject matter 100% straight. It kicked off a series of new films, remakes and sequels that did similar things to play with these tropes, such as Frozen (2013), Beauty and the Beast (2017), and Maleficent.
- Child's Play is based on the premise "What if the killer was a kid's doll?"
- Friday the 13th (1980) copied the Slasher formula almost wholesale from Halloween (1978), except set in a forest camp and keeping the killer's identity a mystery. Later entries in the series helped codify the genre with its undead villain, Jason.
- A Nightmare on Elm Street (1984) created the idea of a slasher villain that could invade dreams and kill his victims when they slept. Said villain, Freddy Krueger, also began the trend of the wisecracking, Reality Warping serial killer later seen in films like Wishmaster and Warlock.
- Scream is a Slasher Movie in which the characters are fully aware of the rules of a Slasher Movie. This started its own trend of post-modern slasher movies.