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Horror based on old folklore.

This subtrope of Religious Horror is less concerned with organized faiths and divine beings as much as it's concerned with the old folkloric rituals in isolated rural areas. Thus, while it can still focus on a modern religion, it is more likely to focus on the pagan faiths of yore. Demons, cults and goblins haunt the woods while regular people try to survive. Organized religion is most likely corrupt and/or useless, though sadistic clergymen can be the true danger. If you're lucky, you'll have one heroic Badass Preacher among the whole lot, but it might not do any good against beings much older than any god we know. The phrase was coined by director Piers Haggard in an interview in the early 2000s to describe his earlier film The Blood on Satan's Claw.

While the genre was most common in Britain in The '60s and The '70s (around the same time British folk music was having a moment of its own), folk horror can be from any region or any time, and there has been a "Folk Horror Revival" in the 2010s and '20s as these tropes come back into prominence.

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Regardless of when it's made, Folk Horror is always deeply rooted in the concept of the past. Therefore, when it's not an outright Period Piece, a lot of Folk Horror will feature a modern City Mouse protagonist suddenly confronted with a forgotten and violent past - usually by traveling to a more rural, tradition-bound locale like a Town with a Dark Secret. Sometimes it's the other way around, with cozy modernity itself being invaded by some ancient danger.

Belief, fear, and culture are key themes, and often a greater threat than the thing people are scared of - therefore, Maybe Magic, Maybe Mundane and Humans Are the Real Monsters are common tropes here as well. Things are dangerous enough even without overtly supernatural happenings.

Compare with Witch Works, which has a lot of overlap, and Horror Hippies and Hillbilly Horrors, both of which have a similar rural horror feel. Watch out for The Fair Folk, take care with the Sleep Paralysis Creatures at night and Don't Go in the Woods. May overlap with Dark Fantasy. See also Gothic Horror and Southern Gothic, which have a lot of overlap with this subgenre. In some ways, Folk Horror could even be seen as a modern take on gothic horror.

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Folk horror works:

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    Comic Books 

    Film - Animation 
  • Scooby-Doo on Zombie Island is a kid-friendly take on this genre, though still considerably Darker and Edgier than most entries in the franchise. The film is set in a Louisiana bayou haunted by ghosts and zombies and werecats (oh my!). It turns out the island was once home to a pagan cult who worshipped a cat deity and granted the villains their powers; voodoo magic also plays a role. Mystery Inc show up intending to capture footage of ghosts (or more likely disprove them, as they expect) and get more than they bargained for.

    Film 

    Television 

  • Children of the Stones (1976) - a Mini Series about a strange town surrounded by stones that move
  • Doctor Who - 'The Stones of Blood' and 'The Awakening', among others.
  • Play for Today - the episodes "Robin Redbreast" and "Penda's Fen"
  • Supernatural dabbles in this sometimes, especially in its first few seasons, which featured such monsters as Bloody Mary, La Llorona, and the crossroads demon.
  • The Terror: A fictional retelling of the lost Franklin expedition as a horror story, with inspiration from Inuit mythology.
    • The Terror: Infamy: An in-direct sequel series, this time based around Japanese ghost folklore.
  • The Third Day (2020) - across two separate time periods, two different people are spirited to a very secluded English island
  • The X-Files - some episodes are based around folktales and urban legends.

    Literature 

    Video Games 
  • Barrow Hill: Menaces from pre-Celtic times arise after being disturbed by archaeologists (first game) and teenagers (second game), and must be placated via folklore-inspired ritual offerings.
  • Fishing Vacation is set in a remote lakeside cabin in the mountains and features a book telling the story of Sedna, the Inuit ocean goddess which turns out to be highly relevant to the strange goings-on at the lake.
  • Mermaid Swamp: The story is inspired by Japanese mermaid folklore and set in a remote mountain village surrounded by woods and an allegedly cursed swamp.
  • Unforgiving – A Northern Hymn: Set in the Swedish wilderness and based upon Scandinavian folklore and mythology.
  • Until Dawn: It's revealed the true threat of the game are wendigos which roam the mountain the characters are stuck on, with several references to traditional folklore about the subject.

    Visual Novels 


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